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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330200

ABSTRACT

Mycotic vaginitis is a common and frequently-occurring gynaecopathia and easy to attack repeatedly, so painful to patients. In this study, the authors observed the clinical efficacy of Sophora gel combined with Fluconazole capsules in treating mycotic vaginitis, in order to seek an effective method for treating mycotic vaginitis. Totally 85 patients with mycotic vaginitis treated in our hospital between December 2012 and July 2014 were randomly divided into the treatment group (43 patients) and the control group (42 patients). The treatment group was given vaginally Sophora gel (one piece every night for 14 days) and orally Fluconazole capsules (150 mg, once every three days, four times in total); The control group was only administered with Fluconazole capsules. The total efficacy, cure rate, recurrence rate and clinical symptom improvements of the two groups were observed. The results show that the total efficacy, the cure rate and the recurrence rate of the treatment group vs. the control group were respectively 97.7%, 90.7% and 2.6% vs. 83.3%, 71.4% and 20.0%, with statistical significance in their differences (P < 0.05). The treatment group showed reduced leucorrhea, pruritus vulvae disappearance and earlier mucosal hyperemia disappearance than the control group, with statistical significance in their differences (P < 0.05). In conclusion Sophora gel combined with Fluconazole capsules can improve antifungal activity of drugs, relieve clinical symptoms, shorten the course of disease, enhance the cure rate and reduce the recurrence rate; So this therapy can be widely applied in clinic.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antifungal Agents , Capsules , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Fluconazole , Humans , Mycoses , Drug Therapy , Sophora , Chemistry , Treatment Outcome , Vaginitis , Drug Therapy , Young Adult
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 662-668, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305825

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the impact of protein kinase B (Akt2) allele deletion on testicular reproductive function, and to discuss the regulatory effect of Cryptotanshinone on the reproductivity of male mice with Akt2 allele deletion and its molecular mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifteen Akt2 +/+ male mice were randomly divided into Groups A (baseline control, n = 7) and B (stimulation, n = 8), and another 29 Akt2 -/- male mice into C (baseline control, n = 7), D (stimulation, n = 8), E (solvent, n = 7) and F (Cryptotanshinone, n = 7). Groups B and D underwent human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) stimulation tests at 5 IU / 20 g, while A and C received physiological saline, all for 4 hours; Group F were given gastric lavage of Cryptotanshinone, while E solvent only, at 600 mg/kg twice a day for 8 weeks, both subjected to oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) at 2 g/kg before and after the treatment. The body and bilateral testis weights were obtained, the serum testosterone (T) level measured, and the expressions of testicular steroid hormone synthesis and glycometabolism-related genes determined by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>OGTT showed that the level of blood glucose was significantly higher in Groups C and D than in A and B ([10.38 +/- 1.42] and [10.96 +/- 1.81] mmol/L vs [7.92 +/- 0.63] and [8.32 +/- 0.44] mmol/L, P < 0.05), but had no significant differences at different time points in E and F (P > 0.05). The testis weight was remarkably higher in Groups C and D than in A and B ([0.17 +/- 0.01] and [0.17 +/- 0.01] g vs [0.15 +/- 0.01] and [0.15 +/- 0.02] g, P < 0.05), but exhibited no obvious difference in E and F, nor were there any significant differences in body weight among different groups (P > 0.05). The serum T level was markedly higher in Group C than in A ([9.08 +/- 1.59] nmol/L vs [6.42 +/- 0.95] nmol/L, P < 0.05), but evidently lower in F than in E ([5.94 +/- 0.49] nmol/L vs [8.18 +/- 1.44] nmol/L, P < 0.05). The baseline expression levels of Cyp11, Cyp17, 3B-HSD, Star, Gsk3beta, Erk-1, and MCM2 mRNA were significantly higher in Group C than in A (P < 0.05). After HCG stimulation, the expressions of Cyp11, Cyp17, 3B-HSD, and Star mRNA were remarkably increased in B and D, but with no obvious difference between the two groups (P > 0.05), while the expressions of Cyp11, Cyp17, 3B-HSD, Star, Gsk3beta, Erk-1, and MCM2 mRNA markedly decreased in F as compared with E (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Akt2 gene deletion may affect glycometabolism and testicular function, and cause abnormal glycometabolism and androgen secretion in male mice, whose molecular mechanism is associated with the elevated expressions of the key glycometabolic molecules and of the key enzymes for androgen synthesis. Cryptotanshinone can reduce the levels of androgens by down-regulating the expressions of the key enzymes for androgen synthesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Androgens , Blood , Animals , Insulin Resistance , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Sequence Deletion
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