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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This paper describes an evaluation study on the effectiveness of developing an in-hospital medical device safety information reporting system for managing safety information, including adverse incident data related to medical devices, following the enactment of the Medical Device Act in Korea. METHODS: Medical device safety information reports were analyzed for 190 cases that took place prior to the application of a medical device safety information reporting system and during a period when the reporting system was used. Also, questionnaires were used to measure the effectiveness of the medical device safety information reporting system. The analysis was based on the questionnaire responses of 15 reporters who submitted reports in both the pre- and post-reporting system periods. RESULTS: Sixty-two reports were submitted in paper form, but after the system was set up, this number more than doubled to 128 reports in electronic form. In terms of itemized reporting, a total of 45 items were reported. Before the system was used, 23 items had been reported, but this increased to 32 items after the system was put to use. All survey variables of satisfaction received a mean of over 3 points, while positive attitude, potential benefits, and positive benefits all exceeded 4 points, each receiving 4.20, 4.20, and 4.13, respectively. Among the variables, time-consuming and decision-making had the lowest mean values, each receiving 3.53. Satisfaction was found to be high for system quality and user satisfaction, but relatively low for time-consuming and decision-making. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to verify that effective reporting and monitoring of adverse incidents and the safety of medical devices can be implemented through the establishment of an in-hospital medical device safety information reporting system that can enhance patient safety and medical device risk management.


Subject(s)
Electronic Health Records , Equipment Safety , Hospital Information Systems , Korea , Patient Safety , Risk Management , Safety Management
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212728

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of osteoporosis and degenerative knee osteoarthritis (OA) in female patients over 50 years, who were surgically indicated for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). METHODS: The study subjects were 76 female patients who underwent spinal surgery for LSS between January and December 2006. Radiographs of thoracolumbar spine, hip and knee were taken. Osteoporotic profiles including lumbar and hip bone mineral density (BMD) measurements and proper treatment of osteoporosis were investigated. RESULTS: The mean age was 65.1 (50~86) years old. Seven-teen patients (22.4%) and nine-teen patients (25.0%) had spine and hip BMD below a T score of -2.5. Thirty-two patients (48.0%) and four patients (5.2%) had knee and hip OA of K-L grade III and IV each. Old thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fractures were confirmed in 6 patients (7.8%). Forty-eight percent (48.0%) of enrolled patients had hypovitaminosis D. According to osteoporosis guidelines from the Korean Society of Bone Metabolism, 31 patients (40.7%) qualified to be candidates of intensive osteoporosis treatments. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of osteoporosis and knee OA in LSS patients was 25.0% and 42.1%. Based on checking up BMD and knee OA in female patient with LSS, proper treatments of osteoporosis and degenerative knee OA should be considered.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Female , Fractures, Compression , Hip , Humans , Knee , Osteoarthritis , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Osteoporosis , Prevalence , Spinal Stenosis , Spine
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review an implementation of u-Severance information system with focus on electronic hospital records (EHR) and to suggest future improvements. METHODS: Clinical Data Repository (CDR) of u-Severance involved implementing electronic medical records (EMR) as the basis of EHR and the management of individual health records. EHR were implemented with service enhancements extending to the clinical decision support system (CDSS) and expanding the knowledge base for research with a repository for clinical data and medical care information. RESULTS: The EMR system of Yonsei University Health Systems (YUHS) consists of HP integrity superdome servers using MS SQL as a database management system and MS Windows as its operating system. CONCLUSIONS: YUHS is a high-performing medical institution with regards to efficient management and customer satisfaction; however, after 5 years of implementation of u-Severance system, several limitations with regards to expandability and security have been identified.


Subject(s)
Database Management Systems , Electronic Health Records , Electronics , Electrons , Hospital Records , Information Systems , Knowledge Bases
4.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 27-31, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100510

ABSTRACT

A 23-year-old male whose medical history included tuberculous spondylitis presented with a kyphotic deformity and incomplete paraplegia of twenty days duration. Preoperative radiographs demonstrated a T12-L4 kyphotic Cobb's angle of 100degrees with a complete block showing on the lumbar myelogram at L4-5. The patient underwent anterior osteotomy and release. After the operation, a halo-pelvic apparatus was fit onto the patient, and distraction was begun. After distraction for 2 months, posterior osteotomy and release was performed for final correction, and distraction was maintained for another three weeks. Finally, the kyphotic deformity was corrected to a Cobb's angle of 62degrees from T12 to L4. Supplementary anterior fusion was done, and the apparatus was removed after consolidation of the fusion mass.


Subject(s)
Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Male , Osteotomy , Paraplegia , Spine , Spondylitis , Traction , Young Adult
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185606

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Most recently developed anti-adhesive membranes are not suitable for laparoscopic surgery due to weak mechanical properties or adhesive characteristics. To overcome these problems, we prepared electrospun bioabsorbable nanofibrous poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based membranes as an adhesion barrier. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of this material for laparoscopic surgery in a rabbit model. METHODS: A standardized laparoscopic surgical trauma was made on the rabbit's uterine horn and adjacent abdominal wall to induce adhesion formation. The injured uterus was covered by a nanofibrous barrier or it was left untreated (the negative control group) (each group: n=14). To evaluate acute toxicity of this material, blood sampling was made 3 and 7 days after laparoscopic surgery to check liver and renal function. Three weeks after laparoscopy, a second look laparoscopy was performed and the adhesions were scored according to Blauer's scoring system. Tissue between abdominal wall and uterus was obtained to examine microscopically. Liver, kidney and uterus were harvested to examine chronic toxicity. RESULTS: 36.4% of the nanofiber treatment group and 70% of the untreated control group showed severe adhesions (grade>3) after laparoscopic surgery but failed to get a statistical significance (P=0.198). Acute and chronic toxicity induced by this material were not noted in the blood and tissue exam. CONCLUSION: This study showed that nanofiber barrier seems to be a novel resorbable biomaterial for the reduction of postoperative adhesions. Easy placement and handling of this material make these membranes potentially successful candidates for laparoscopic surgery. But further study is needed to get a statistical significance.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Adhesives , Animals , Handling, Psychological , Horns , Kidney , Laparoscopy , Liver , Membranes , Nanofibers , Uterus
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130586

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Guardix-sol(TM) is solution type of anti-adhesion barrier, and it is composed of a mixture of hyaluronate (HA) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). The anti-adhesive effect was proved through several clinical trials with using this material, but the most efficient viscosity for this solution has not been shown by the previous research. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HA/CMC mixture solutions, with varying viscosities, in a rat model. METHODS: Three different viscosities (low=LV, mid=MV and high=HV) of the HA/CMC mixture solutions were prepared to evaluate their potential as a tissue adhesion barrier. The viscosity was measured by a Brookfield viscometer. To evaluate the anti-adhesion effect, a cecal-abdominal wall abrasion model was adopted. The denuded cecum was coated by a HA/CMC mixture of different viscosity or it was left uncoated (the negative control group) and then the denuded cecum was apposed to the abdominal wall (each group: n=10). All the rats underwent a second celiotomy after 14 days to evaluate the extent of their abdominal adhesions and tissue reactions (inflammatory response, granulation tissue formation and toxicity in organs). RESULTS: The viscosities of the HA/CMC mixture solutions were 248.+/-24.4 cps in the LV, 1,353.8+/-4.4 cps in the MV and 3,556.7+/-38.8 cps in the HV. The grade of adhesion and the adhesion area were significantly lower in the all HA/CMC mixture solution groups compared to the control regardless of their viscosity. The inflammatory responses were not remarkable at the application site and the major solid organs did not show histological change in the experimental groups. CONCLUSION: The difference of viscosity of HA/CMC mixture solutions did not affect the efficacy of the adhesion barrier. All the HA/CMC mixture solutions with varying viscosities showed a low inflammatory response and non-toxicity.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Animals , Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium , Cecum , Granulation Tissue , Rats , Tissue Adhesions , Viscosity
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130579

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Guardix-sol(TM) is solution type of anti-adhesion barrier, and it is composed of a mixture of hyaluronate (HA) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). The anti-adhesive effect was proved through several clinical trials with using this material, but the most efficient viscosity for this solution has not been shown by the previous research. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of HA/CMC mixture solutions, with varying viscosities, in a rat model. METHODS: Three different viscosities (low=LV, mid=MV and high=HV) of the HA/CMC mixture solutions were prepared to evaluate their potential as a tissue adhesion barrier. The viscosity was measured by a Brookfield viscometer. To evaluate the anti-adhesion effect, a cecal-abdominal wall abrasion model was adopted. The denuded cecum was coated by a HA/CMC mixture of different viscosity or it was left uncoated (the negative control group) and then the denuded cecum was apposed to the abdominal wall (each group: n=10). All the rats underwent a second celiotomy after 14 days to evaluate the extent of their abdominal adhesions and tissue reactions (inflammatory response, granulation tissue formation and toxicity in organs). RESULTS: The viscosities of the HA/CMC mixture solutions were 248.+/-24.4 cps in the LV, 1,353.8+/-4.4 cps in the MV and 3,556.7+/-38.8 cps in the HV. The grade of adhesion and the adhesion area were significantly lower in the all HA/CMC mixture solution groups compared to the control regardless of their viscosity. The inflammatory responses were not remarkable at the application site and the major solid organs did not show histological change in the experimental groups. CONCLUSION: The difference of viscosity of HA/CMC mixture solutions did not affect the efficacy of the adhesion barrier. All the HA/CMC mixture solutions with varying viscosities showed a low inflammatory response and non-toxicity.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Animals , Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium , Cecum , Granulation Tissue , Rats , Tissue Adhesions , Viscosity
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22590

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Radiographic measurement of the lumbar disc height OBJECTIVES: To measure the lumbar disc height on the radiographs in normal Koreans. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Many reports show good results after many procedures, such as inter-vertebral body fusion using a cage or total disc replacement, which restores the adequate disc height. However, there are no references regarding the range of normal lumbar disc heights in Korean adults, which can be used as a standard for the implant size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty two subjects (age range 20 to 40 years), who had no previous history of low back pain and no significant findings on the physical examination, were enrolled in this study. The plain lateral lumbar spine radiograph was taken in the supine position. The intervertebral disc heights were measured at the anterior, middle and posterior portion of each lumbar disc. The average magnification rate was 115%, and the disc heights were corrected by the magnification rate in each segment. RESULTS: The lumbar disc height showed a cranio-caudal pattern in both the male and female groups. The L4-5 disc heights were highest at the anterior, middle and posterior portion in males. The L4-5 disc heights were highest at the middle and posterior portion in females. The L5-S1 disc height was highest at the anterior portion in females, but there was no significant difference between the L4-5 and L5-S1 disc height at the anterior portion. There was no significant difference in disc height between males and females except at the anterior portion of the L1-2 and L2-3 disc. There was no significant decrease in disc height in overweight people at all measured site in males and females except at the posterior portion of the L1-2 disc in males. CONCLUSION: This study is meaningful in that it provides a reference value for the lumbar disc height in Korean adults. The measured values might also be useful for manufacturing a Korean model of an artificial lumbar disc prosthesis or surgical instruments for lumbar interbody fusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Low Back Pain , Male , Overweight , Physical Examination , Prostheses and Implants , Radiography , Reference Values , Spine , Supine Position , Surgical Instruments , Total Disc Replacement
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160095

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the usefulness of the ultrasonography as a screening test for thyroid diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 7 months, thyroid ultrasonography (7.5 MHz linear array) was performed prospectively by radiologists on 1,316 subjects who do not have a history of the thyroid disease. We analyzed the morphological abnormalities of thyroid gland and these were classified as the nodulal, cystic and diffuse types in accordance with the gender and ages of the patients. We performed ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration in 21 patients who had sonographic features that were suggestive of malignant thyroid nodules. Physical examination was performed for all subjects by clinicians before the thyroid ultrasonography, and we compared the detectability of thyroid lesions between ultrasonography and physical examination. RESULTS: Thyroidal abnormalities were detected in 94 (7.1%) of 1,316 subjects. Among the 94 patients, 72 (5.5%) showed as nodules, 18 (1.4%) showed as cysts and 4 (0.3%) showed as diffuse abnormalities. The result of the ultrasound-guided aspiration on 21 patient showed 4 malignant nodules, 16 benign nodules and 1 undetermined nodule. Physical examination detected abnormalities in only 12 patients (12.8%) of the 94 patients, which were showed as nodules, cysts and the diffuse type by ultrasonography. CONCLUSION: Thyroid disease of the general population was relatively common and the detection rate with performing physical examination for the thyroid nodule, cyst and the diffuse type was lower than that for ultrasonography. Thyroid ultrasonography is a useful screening modality for detecting thyroid diseases.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , Mass Screening , Physical Examination , Prospective Studies , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This is designing the part of Electronic Medical Record using HL7 Development Framework and Reference Information Model to realize the building medical standard data model for sharing medical record between heterogeneous hospital systems. METHODS: The process used development of HL7 specifications consists of the following seven activities: 1.Project initiation. 2.Requirements Documentation. 3.Specification Modeling. 4.Specification Documentation. 5.Specification Approval. 6. Specification Publication. 7.Implementation Profiling. Each activity is briefly described in the subsections that follow and described in detailed in the methodology chapters that follow this introduction.3. Result. The steps, after 4 step, needs to standardized the results. So we didn't followed that steps1). RESULTS: We got the diagrams at each steps of the HDF methodology: 1.A dynamic description. 2.A static description of the concepts involved in the business process. 3.A Use Case model which identifies the system involved in the actual HL7 data/information exchange1). CONCLUSION: It was confirmed that HL7 RIM could take in the domestic demands of medical records, and concrete methodology was applied in practice. It can be a good reference for the hospitals constructing new information system and for the enterprises developing medical information systems to apply the HL7 version 3 to their works.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Electronic Health Records , Health Level Seven , Health Status , Information Systems , Medical Records , Publications
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21784

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study is to develop a CRM system for patients with diabetes mellitus. The subjects were outpatients who visited a university hospital from March, 1997 thru February, 2003. The distributions of outpatients, types of disease, revenues, exemption of designated doctor's fee, and no-show rate were obtained for each department by utilizing the OCS database. Quantitative and Qualitative data were collected from the diabetes patients chosen based on the distribution. The goals of applying the CRM are not to provide diabetes patients with general medical services, but to provide individually-tailored medical services by utilizing the information obtained from the departments of moment of truth(MOT) effectively and integrating the management of work process and human resources. For an effective application of the CRM, it needs to be performed to support the strategic objectives and incorporate management strategies that are appropriate for internal and external environments. That modeling for diabetes patients includes campaign activities, customer management process, and the functions of predicting and diagnosing the patients and managing the medical services of MOT departments and referral system.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Fees and Charges , Humans , Outpatients , Referral and Consultation
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81979

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective radiological assessment was conducted. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the changes in the heights of the intervertebral disc and neural foramen, and the diameters and areas of the dural sac and lateral recess following anterior lumbar interbody fusion and posterior fixation in lumbar degenerative disease. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion distracts from the height of the intervertebral disc and neural foramen and increase the area of the spinal canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mini-open anterior lumbar interbody fusion and posterior fixation was performed on 40 cases between January 1999 and March 2002. The measured factors included the height of the intervertebral disc and neural foramen, the midsagittal and lateral diameters of the dural sac, the area of the dural sac and the diameter of the lateral recess. These were measured with calipers in 1mm reconstructive computed tomography images before and 6 months after the anterior lumbar interbody fusion. The measured factors were independently taken by three different orthopaedic surgeons. RESULTS: The heights of the intervertebral disc and neural foramen were increased by means of 39.1 and 18.7% respectively. The midsagittal diameter of the dural sac was increased by a mean of 11.6% and that of the lateral dural sac decreased by a mean of 3.7%. The area of the dural sac was increased by a mean of 8.1% and the diameter of lateral recess by a mean of 26.3%. There were statistically significant increases in all the measured factors, with the exception of the lateral diameter of the dural sac. CONCLUSIONS: Anterior lumbar interbody fusion significantly increases the heights of the intervertebral disc and neural foramen, the midsagittal diameter of the dural sac, the area of the dural sac and the diameter of the lateral recess, but not the lateral diameter of the dural sac.


Subject(s)
Intervertebral Disc , Prospective Studies , Spinal Canal , Spine
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97372

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of anterolateral approach of the ankle for the distal tibial fracture in aspect of preventing complication and acquiring union. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Authors reviewed 21 patients of distal metaphyseal fracture of the tibia treated by anterolateral approach and lateral plating method from February, 2000 to May, 2002. Mean follow-up period was 17 months (12~29 months). There were twelve type A, two type B, and four type C patients according to AO/OTA classification. We have analyzed the bone union rate and Ovadia`s functional scale. We also reviewed the complication rate, such as soft tissue problem and postoperative infection. RESULTS: In all cases union was achieved and mean time to union were 16 weeks. The functional result by Ovadia's scale were 17 excellent cases and 4 good cases in objective evaluation, and 19 excellent cases and 2 good cases in subjective evaluation. Wound infection occurred in one case, but the infection was controlled after plate removal and the union was acquired through cast immobilization. There was no other complication, such as soft tissue necrosis. CONCLUSION: The anterolateral approach is a safe and worthwhile method for distal tibia fracture while avoiding some of the complication associated with standard anteromedial approach and plating method.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Classification , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Immobilization , Necrosis , Tibia , Tibial Fractures , Wound Infection
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153297

ABSTRACT

The remote surveillance system based on the wireless home sensor network, wireless internet connection, and the portable, hand-held device has been designed for the patron to get the emergency alarm for immediate care for the Dementia aged, when the patron is not at home. It consists of transmitting server and the receiving terminal. The transmitting server gathers the information through bluetooth connection regarding to environment threatening the safety of the Dementia aged from five sensors, including fire, gas, conductivity, photo, and motion sensors, and cameras up to the number of 16, fixated within home. It also determines the emergency situation automatically from sensors' environmental condition and the motion detected from the camera output targeted to the aged people, and sends the alarm message with the picture taken from home to the patrol for comprehending the emergency situation remotely. Either the PDA or the cellular phone is used as the receiving terminal device through wireless connectivity without the location limitation for the patrol. The functional evaluation via the implemented prototype system has been performed to initially demonstrate the efficacy, the usefulness, and ease to operate for later use for either solitarily living old people or nursery schools and infantile shelters.


Subject(s)
Cell Phone , Dementia , Emergencies , Fires , Internet , Schools, Nursery
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 501-509, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14508

ABSTRACT

In this paper, an emergency telemedicine system was designed for the transmission of real-time multimedia for remote consultation, including radiological images, patient records, video-conferencing, full-quality video, ECG, BP, respiration, temperature, SpO2, systolic and diastolic pressures and heart rate. The standardized, modular, software-based design architecture, without resorting to external hardware compression boards, enables the low-cost implementation of the telemedicine system, using the unified, systematic and compact integration of multimedia on general personal computers. Experimental tests on local networks analyze the technical aspects of designed systems, and inter-hospital experiments demonstrate its clinical usefulness.


Subject(s)
Computer Systems , Computers , Emergency Medical Services/organization & administration , Emergency Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Equipment Design , Humans , Pilot Projects , Remote Consultation/organization & administration , Software , Telemedicine/organization & administration
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164716

ABSTRACT

Intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus are very rare in children. The pattern of the fracture would suggest that the mechanism of injury involves a fall directly on the flexed elbow. Most agree that the undisplaced fracture can be managed conservatively. With increasing displacement and comminution, the opinions tend to differ. We suggest that closed reduction with percutaneous K wire pinning and open reduction with percutaneous K wire pinning offer a satisfactory methods by which to treat displaced intercondylar fracture in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Elbow , Humans , Humerus
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179619

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective radiological assessment was conducted. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the changes in the height of the intervertebral disc, the slippage, slip angle, lumbar lordotic angle and sacral inclination after anterior lumbar interbody fusion and posterior pedicle screw fixation in a lumbar spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The anterior lumbar interbody fusion causes changes in the lumbar sagittal alignment. METHODS: The mini-open anterior lumbar interbody fusion and pedicle screw fixation was undertaken in 33 cases from April 1995 to November 2003. MRI was done before and 6 months after surgery. The measuring factors were the heights of the intervertebral disc, slippage, slip angle, lumbar lordotic angle and sacral inclination. The measuring factors were independently assessed three times by three different orthopedic surgeons. The postoperative changes in measuring the factors were analyzed by a paired t-test statistically. RESULTS: The height of the intervertebral disc was increased by a mean of 14.0%, slippage was reduced by a mean of 2.8%, the slip angle was reduced by a mean of 16.0%, the lumbar lordotic angle was increased by a mean of 15.6% and the scaral inclination was increased by a mean of 3.0%. There was significance in the increase in the disc height, the reduction of slippage and the slip angle, and the increase in lumbar lordotic angle, but there were no significance regarding the changes in sacral inclina-tion. CONCLUSIONS: The anterior lumbar interbody fusion and the pedicle screw fixation significantly improved the height of the intervertebral disc, slippage, slip angle, and lumbar lordotic angle, except sacral inclination.


Subject(s)
Intervertebral Disc , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Orthopedics , Prospective Studies , Spine , Spondylolisthesis
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132044

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiological assessment was conducted. OBJECTIVES: An attempt to analyze the degenerative change of an intervertebral disc for adjacent segment degeneration in lumbar degenerative diseases. LITERATURE REVIEW SUMMARY: A review of the literature failed to uncover any documented study examining the quantitative analysis of the degenerative change of the intervertebral disc for adjacent segment degeneration. METHODS: This study was based on 45 patients, treated operatively or conservatively at this hospital, between April 1995 and July 2004. 39 and 6 cases of operative and conservative treatments, respectively, were performed. In the 39 operative treatments, there were 34 cases of fusion and 5 of discectomy. Dynamic X-ray and MRI were performed at the initial evaluation, and again more than 2 years later. In the 34 fusion cases, the upper and lower adjacent segments of the fused level were studied, and in the 11 non-fusion cases (conservative treatment or discectomy), the L3-4, L4-5 and L5-S1 level were studied. The instability of the dynamic X-ray and Thompson grade changes of the disc on MRI were also evaluated. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. RESULTS: Adjacent segment degeneration was found in 10 of the 34 cases (29.4%) on plain X-ray. The average Thompson grades of the 33 upper segment cases were 2.6 and 3.4 preoperatively and postoperatively (P=0.000), and for the 24 of the lower segment cases were 2.9and 3.2 (P=0.033), respectively. No statistical increase in the Thompson grade was found in the non-fusion group. CONCLUSIONS: The adjacent discs of the fusion group showed statistically meaningful degeneration on MRI, but this was not correlated with adjacent segment degeneration on plain X-ray. Various anatomical and functional factors must be considered in the evaluation of adjacent segment disease.


Subject(s)
Diskectomy , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132041

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiological assessment was conducted. OBJECTIVES: An attempt to analyze the degenerative change of an intervertebral disc for adjacent segment degeneration in lumbar degenerative diseases. LITERATURE REVIEW SUMMARY: A review of the literature failed to uncover any documented study examining the quantitative analysis of the degenerative change of the intervertebral disc for adjacent segment degeneration. METHODS: This study was based on 45 patients, treated operatively or conservatively at this hospital, between April 1995 and July 2004. 39 and 6 cases of operative and conservative treatments, respectively, were performed. In the 39 operative treatments, there were 34 cases of fusion and 5 of discectomy. Dynamic X-ray and MRI were performed at the initial evaluation, and again more than 2 years later. In the 34 fusion cases, the upper and lower adjacent segments of the fused level were studied, and in the 11 non-fusion cases (conservative treatment or discectomy), the L3-4, L4-5 and L5-S1 level were studied. The instability of the dynamic X-ray and Thompson grade changes of the disc on MRI were also evaluated. Statistical analysis was carried out using the Wilcoxon signed rank test. RESULTS: Adjacent segment degeneration was found in 10 of the 34 cases (29.4%) on plain X-ray. The average Thompson grades of the 33 upper segment cases were 2.6 and 3.4 preoperatively and postoperatively (P=0.000), and for the 24 of the lower segment cases were 2.9and 3.2 (P=0.033), respectively. No statistical increase in the Thompson grade was found in the non-fusion group. CONCLUSIONS: The adjacent discs of the fusion group showed statistically meaningful degeneration on MRI, but this was not correlated with adjacent segment degeneration on plain X-ray. Various anatomical and functional factors must be considered in the evaluation of adjacent segment disease.


Subject(s)
Diskectomy , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15302

ABSTRACT

Telemedicine is described as combination of topics from the fields of telecommunication, medicine, and information and literally telemedicine means medicine at a distance. In this study, we present a web based real-time telemedicine application(WEBRETA) that was designed for patients who needs diagnosis on the Internet. The WEBRETA system is supporting transmitting of MPEG-4 video format(640*480)that was appropriate for Internet and designed with ActiveX controls technology that is also suitable for telecommunication link such as ADSL, VDSL and Cable modem which are very popular communication link in Korea. To improve the reliability and the usefulness of this prototype we involved the PSNR method and subjective score measuring from doctors. Futhermore, we will evaluate the WEBRETA with various communication network environment to improve how this system can contribute the diagnosis of patients and to analysis.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Humans , Internet , Korea , Modems , Telecommunications , Telemedicine
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