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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 306-312, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925509

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Microinvasive breast cancer (MIBC) is an invasive carcinoma with a tumor dimension not exceeding 1 mm. Owing to its low incidence, the rate of axillary node metastasis and its management are not well established. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of lymph node metastasis (LNM) and identify variables associated with LNM, as well as to evaluate the need for axillary staging in MIBC patients by analyzing nationwide data. @*Methods@#The Korean Breast Cancer Society registry was searched to identify MIBC patients diagnosed between January 1996 and April 2020. Patients without neoadjuvant chemotherapy experiences, systemic metastasis, and missing or discordant data were eligible for the analysis. The incidence rate of LNM was determined, and variables associated with LNM were identified by multivariable regression analysis. @*Results@#Of 2,427 MIBC patients identified, 98 (4.0%) had LNM and 12 (0.5%) had N2/3 disease. Type of breast operation (odds ratio [OR], 2.093; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.332–3.290; P = 0.001), age (OR, 2.091; 95% CI, 1.326–3.298; P = 0.002), hormone receptor status (OR, 2.220; 95% CI, 1.372–3.594; P = 0.001), and lymphovascular invasion (OR, 11.143; 95% CI, 6.354–19.540; P < 0.001) were significantly related to LNM. @*Conclusion@#The incidence of LNM in MIBC patients was only 4.0% in our study, suggesting that de-escalation of axillary surgical interventions could be carefully considered. The indications for axillary staging should be individualized considering tumor volume, age, hormone receptor status, and lymphovascular invasion to improve the quality of life of MIBC survivors.

2.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 37-40, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895736

ABSTRACT

Active surveillance (AS) of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma was first suggested by Dr. Akira Miyauchi at Kuma Hospital in 1993. Based on several subsequent evidences, AS was approved by the American Thyroid Association in 2015. AS is no longer an experimental treatment but has become an acceptable standard of care for patients with low-risk thyroid cancers. No molecular markers, such as BRAF mutations, have been identified to predict the prognosis of papillary thyroid cancer. However, future molecular studies may reveal the relationship between genetic mutations and thyroid cancer prognosis. AS involves closely monitoring thyroid cancer over time, instead of immediately treating it with surgery. Patients and medical doctors should consider these two options: observation or surgery.

3.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 37-40, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903440

ABSTRACT

Active surveillance (AS) of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma was first suggested by Dr. Akira Miyauchi at Kuma Hospital in 1993. Based on several subsequent evidences, AS was approved by the American Thyroid Association in 2015. AS is no longer an experimental treatment but has become an acceptable standard of care for patients with low-risk thyroid cancers. No molecular markers, such as BRAF mutations, have been identified to predict the prognosis of papillary thyroid cancer. However, future molecular studies may reveal the relationship between genetic mutations and thyroid cancer prognosis. AS involves closely monitoring thyroid cancer over time, instead of immediately treating it with surgery. Patients and medical doctors should consider these two options: observation or surgery.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 388-395, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831059

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the displacement of surgical clips in the excisioncavity during whole breast irradiation following breast-conserving surgery (BCS) with or withoutacellular dermal matrix (ADM) insertion, and to analyze clinicopathologic factors associatedwith the displacement of surgical clips. @*Materials and Methods@#From 2016 to 2017, 100 consecutive breast cancer patients who underwent BCS with theplacement of surgical clips (superior, inferior, medial, lateral, and deep sides) in the tumorbed were included in this study. All patients took first planning computed tomography (CT)scan (CT 1) before whole breast irradiation and second CT scan (CT 2) before boost irradiation.Between two sets of planning CT, the displacement of surgical clips was calculatedfrom the !X (lateral–medial), !Y (anterior–posterior), !Z (superior–inferior), and threedimensional(3D) directions. Patients were divided into two groups according to the breastvolume replacement with ADM: group A with ADM and group B without ADM. @*Results@#The means and 1 standard deviations of 3D displacement for superior, inferior, medial, lateraland deep clips were 5.2±2.9, 5.2±3.2, 5.6±4.5, 5.6±4.3, and 4.9±4.9 mm in entirecohort (n=100); 5.6±2.6, 6.0±3.5, 6.7±5.8, 6.7±5.7, and 6.1±7.4 mm in group A (n=38);4.9±3.1, 4.8±3.0, 5.0±3.5, 5.0±2.9, and 4.3±2.8 mm in group B (n=62), respectively. The3D displacements of group A were longer than those of group B, but only significant differencewas observed in lateral clip (p=0.047). @*Conclusion@#This study demonstrated displacement of surgical clips during whole breast irradiation inpatients with ADM insertion. For patients who had breast volume replacement using ADM,adaptive boost planning should be considered.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e103-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831484

ABSTRACT

Background@#Korea is no longer safe from the risk of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL); the first reported case was a Korean woman in her 40s who had a 7-year-history of receiving an implant-based augmentation mammaplasty using a textured implant. We conducted this study to discuss the emerging crisis of stakeholders in implant-based augmentation mammaplasty and to propose a multi-disciplinary approach to early detection of its complications. @*Methods@#We analyzed medical examination data that was collected from patients who visited us between August 12 and September 27, 2019. We evaluated a total of 114 women (n = 114) in the current study. They were evaluated for whether they were in healthy condition. Moreover, their baseline characteristics were also examined; these included age, gender, height (cm), weight (kg), duration since surgery (years), possession of a breast implant card, the site of surgical incision, side of symptoms and reasons for outpatient visit. Furthermore, the patients were also evaluated for their subjective awareness of the manufacturer, surface and shape of the breast implant. Potential complications include malrotation, folding, seroma, capsule thickening, upside-down rotation, rupture, capsule mass and breast mass. @*Results@#A majority of the patients had a past history of receiving textured implants. The corresponding percentage was 78.95% (90/114) and 85.09% (97/114) based on their subjective awareness of a breast implant and sonographic findings, respectively. That is, it was slightly increased with the use of a breast ultrasound. @*Conclusion@#Here, we propose the following approaches. First, patient data should be prospectively collected. By tracking outcomes and complications of an implant-based augmentation mammaplasty, both high-quality care and patient safety can be ensured. Second, stakeholders in implant-based augmentation mammaplasty should collaborate with customers and regulatory authorities. Third, surgeons should consider applying imaging modalities for early detection of postoperative complications.

6.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 177-184, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739581

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Routine supplementation of high-dose calcium significantly decreased the risk of postoperative symptomatic hypocalcemia after thyroidectomy. However, there is an ongoing debate about whether the same results can be achieved with low-dose calcium supplementation. METHODS: Patients (n = 138) who underwent total thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer were 1:1 randomly assigned to receive oral supplements of 1,500 mg/day elemental calcium and 1,000 IU/day cholecalciferol for 2 weeks or no supplementation. Primary objective was to compare the incidence of symptomatic hypocalcemia for 3 days after total thyroidectomy. Secondary objective was to find the predictors for postoperative hypocalcemia in patients with thyroid cancer. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients in the calcium group and 69 patients in the control group were finally analyzed. The incidence of symptomatic hypocalcemia showed no difference between the calcium and control group (32.3% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.168). The total dosage of intravenous calcium (593.4 ± 267.1 mg vs. 731.6 ± 622.7 mg, P = 0.430) administered to patients with symptomatic hypocalcemia was also comparable between groups. In a multivariate analysis, parathyroid hormone level of 13 pg/mL at postoperative day 1 was only predictive for symptomatic hypocalcemia, and its incidence was 20.9 times (95% confidence interval, 6.8–64.5) higher in patients with parathyroid hormone <13 pg/mL. Other factors did not predict the development of hypocalcemia, including clinicopathological features and routine supplementation of low-dose calcium. CONCLUSION: Routine low-dose calcium supplementation did not reduce the risk of postoperative hypocalcemia. Patients who may benefit from calcium supplementation should be carefully selected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium , Cholecalciferol , Hypocalcemia , Hypoparathyroidism , Incidence , Multivariate Analysis , Parathyroid Hormone , Prospective Studies , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
7.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 484-490, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764274

ABSTRACT

Squamous cell carcinoma of the breast and its subtype, basal-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) phenotype, are very rare. Herein, we report a patient who developed recurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the breast with basal-HER2 subtype 6 years after the initial diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma of the HER2 subtype. To the best of our knowledge, recurrence of invasive ductal carcinoma in the form of metaplastic squamous cell carcinoma of basal-HER2 subtype has not been reported previously. We present a pathological perspective of our experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Epidermal Growth Factor , Pathology , Phenotype , ErbB Receptors , Recurrence
8.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 19-24, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33722

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Endoscopic thyroidectomy using a cervico-axillary approach (CAA) provides optimal visualization with a smaller dissection plane. Despite the excellent cosmetic results and high patient satisfaction, the surgical and oncologic safety of CAA endoscopic surgery has not been fully established. The present study evaluated the feasibility, safety, and surgical outcomes of CAA endoscopic thyroidectomy. METHODS: From October 2009 to April 2012, 100 patients with papillary thyroid cancer underwent CAA endoscopic thyroidectomy. Patient demographics, pathologic features, and surgical outcomes including complications and recurrence were collected. RESULTS: CAA endoscopic thyroidectomy was successful in all patients, and none required conversion to open thyroidectomy. All patients underwent ipsilateral thyroid lobectomy with or without central compartment neck dissection. The mean tumor size was 1.0±0.6 cm (range, 0.5~1.6), and 35.0% of tumors showed extrathyroidal extension. The mean number of harvested lymph nodes was 4.1±4.4, and metastasis was found in 12.0% of patients. The mean surgical time was 175.2±50.4 min, mean intraoperative blood loss was 42.5±69.2 ml, and the mean hospital stay was 3.3±0.6 days. There were five cases of postoperative transient hypocalcemia and eight cases of vocal cord palsy. No permanent complication or postoperative bleeding was observed. Patients continued to be seen for a median period of 63.7 months, and no recurrence of thyroid cancer was seen. CONCLUSION: CAA endoscopic thyroidectomy is a feasible and safe procedure for low-risk thyroid cancer, with excellent cosmesis. It can be recommended as an alternative option for selected patients with low-risk thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Demography , Hemorrhage , Hypocalcemia , Length of Stay , Lymph Nodes , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Operative Time , Patient Satisfaction , Recurrence , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Vocal Cord Paralysis
9.
The Ewha Medical Journal ; : 69-74, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50914

ABSTRACT

Malignant neoplasm is the most common cause of death in Korea since 1988. In terms of incidence, still gastric cancer is the most common cancer in male, but breast cancer became the second most common female cancer followed by thyroid cancer. The reasons why incidence of breast cancer is increasing, (1) Westernized food patterns; high fat and high calorie diet, (2) late marriage with lower birth rate, (3) shorter period of breast feeding, (4) longer exposure to estrogen; early menarche with late menopause, hormone replacement therapy, (5) low physical activity with high body mass index, (6) environmental stress, and etc. Still incidence of breast cancer in Korea is relatively low comparing to those of American and European populations, but it is very rapidly increasing with annual increase rate of about 6%. So Korean breast cancer specialists should try to study breast cancer in terms of basic and also clinical aspect and also educate laymen for etiology, symptoms and signs, early detection method including breast self-examination and prevention.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Birth Rate , Body Mass Index , Breast Feeding , Breast Neoplasms , Breast Self-Examination , Cause of Death , Diet , Estrogens , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Incidence , Korea , Marriage , Menarche , Menopause , Motor Activity , Specialization , Stomach Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms
10.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 327-333, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify influences of stress, anxiety, depression, and personality trait on nausea, vomiting, and retching of breast cancer patients perceiving chemotherapy. METHODS: Breast cancer patients who were admitted to Ewha Womans University Cancer Center for women to receive chemotherapy participated in the study. In addition to sociodemographic and clinical factors, self-reported questionnaires, including Type D personality Scale 14, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Global Assessment of Recent Stress scale were used to evaluate psychological factors of the subjects. For examination of anticipatory and post chemotherapy nausea, vomiting, and retching, the subjects filled out the Rhodes Index of Nausea, Vomiting, and Retching and Visual Analogue Scale. RESULTS: No significant influence of type D personality, anxiety, or depression on nausea, vomiting, and retching was observed. If the patient experienced more severe stress, higher scores for anticipatory and post chemotherapy nausea, vomiting, and retching were recorded. The tendency was retained after adjusting for the cycle number of chemotherapy, the emetic risk of the chemotherapy regimen, type D personality, anxiety, and depression. Specifically, financial problems, unusual happenings, ordinary daily stress, and general stress were significantly related to nausea, vomiting, and retching. CONCLUSION: Assessment of life stress, especially for financial problems, unusual happenings, and ordinary daily stress of patients receiving cancer chemotherapy can be used as an effective way to reduce the risk of nausea, vomiting, and retching related during chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anxiety , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Depression , Drug Therapy , Nausea , Surveys and Questionnaires , Stress, Psychological , Vomiting , Vomiting, Anticipatory
11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 393-400, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56440

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies in Korean women, and its incidence is increasing at a rapid rate. Since 1996, the Korean Breast Cancer Society has collected nationwide breast cancer data using an online registration program and analyzed the data biennial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of Korean breast cancer and to analyze changes in these characteristics over the period of time. METHODS: Data were collected from 41 medical schools (74 hospitals), 24 general hospitals, and 6 private clinics. Data on the total number, gender, and age of newly-diagnosed breast cancer patients were collected through a questionnaire. Additional data were collected and analyzed from the online database. RESULTS: In 2010, 16,398 patients in Korea were newly diagnosed with breast cancer. The crude incidence rate of female breast cancer was 67.2 cases per 100,000, and the median age at diagnosis was 49 years. The incidence of breast cancer was highest in patients aged between 40 and 49 years. Since 1996, there has been a significant increase in the proportion of early-stage cancers (detected in stage 1 or 2), the percentage of estrogen receptor-positive cancers, and in the proportion of patients receiving breast-conserving surgery. CONCLUSION: The incidence and clinical characteristics of Korean breast cancer are slowly changing to the patterns of Western countries. To understand changing patterns in the characteristics of Korean breast cancer, the nationwide data should be continuously analyzed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Estrogens , Hospitals, General , Incidence , Korea , Schools, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : S10-S16, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169535

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: B-cell lymphoma (bcl)-2 is an anti-apoptotic gene, and it is a poor prognostic factor in various malignant tumors. However, the prognostic significance of bcl-2 expression in breast cancer remains controversial. We investigated the prognostic significance of bcl-2 according to cancer molecular subtype. METHODS: We analyzed 411 patients with primary invasive breast cancer who underwent surgery at our institution between 1999 and 2001. The subtypes were classified as luminal (estrogen receptor [ER]+ and/or progesterone receptor [PR]+, irrespective of human epidermal factor receptor 2 [HER2]), triple-negative (ER-, PR-, and HER2-), or HER2 (ER- ,PR-, and HER2+). RESULTS: A total of 236 (57.4%) cases were positive for bcl-2, and bcl-2 expression was significantly associated with earlier stage, lower grade, expression of hormone receptor positivity, and HER2 negativity. No difference in disease-free survival (DFS) was observed based on bcl-2 expression. However, the prognostic significance of bcl-2 varied with subtype; bcl-2 was not a prognosticator in patients with the luminal and HER2 subtypes. However, patients with bcl-2(+) tumors of the triple-negative subtype showed significantly worse DFS than those with bcl-2(-) tumors (p=0.048). In a multivariate analysis, bcl-2 expression remained a significant predictor of recurrence in patients with the triple-negative subtype (hazard ratio, 3.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-7.59; p=0.006). CONCLUSION: The prognostic significance of bcl-2 varied with molecular subtype; bcl-2 expression was a poor prognosticator in patients with the triple-negative subtype, but not in those with the luminal and HER2 subtypes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms
13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : S24-S30, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169533

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Few studies have reported ovarian cancer risks in Korean patients with the BRCA1/2 mutation. We investigated the prevalence of ovarian cancer in Korean women at high risk for hereditary breast-ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome and reviewed the clinicopathological factors of ovarian cancer. METHODS: Female subjects who were enrolled in the Korean Hereditary Breast Cancer study were included. The questionnaire included a personal and family history of cancer. The BRCA1/2 mutation and CA-125 level were tested at the time of enrollment. A transvaginal ultrasonogram (TVUS) was recommended for subjects with an elevated CA-125 level. RESULTS: A total of 1,689 patients were included. No ovarian cancer was newly diagnosed by CA-125 level or TVUS during the enrollment. The prevalence of ovarian cancer was 1.71% in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and 0.39% in non-carriers. Among 11 patients with ovarian cancer, five had the BRCA1 mutation and one had the BRCA2 mutation. The most common histopathological type was serous cystadenocarcinoma. No difference in clinicopathological findings between BRCA1/2 mutation carriers and non-carriers was observed. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of ovarian cancer was 58-fold elevated in women at high-risk for HBOC syndrome and 146-fold elevated in the BRCA1 subgroup, compared with the Korean general population. Further investigation with a long-term follow-up is required to evaluate BRCA1/2 gene penetrance.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Ovarian Neoplasms
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 283-288, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64607

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A chemotherapy response assay test is performed to evaluate the degree of tumor growth inhibition by a chemotherapeutic agent. Several studies have been done on its usefulness; however, to the best of our knowledge, only a few studies concerning the relationship between chemotherapy response assay test results and breast cancer patients' prognoses have been conducted. Thus, we performed this study to analyze this relationship. METHODS: Among breast cancer patients who underwent curative surgery and neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy between August 2004 and December 2009, 102 were enrolled in this study. Chemotherapeutic regimens for patients were doxorubicin plus taxane or doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide followed by taxane. We divided these patients into two groups (sensitive group [n=19] and resistant group [n=83]) and analyzed the relationship between chemosensitivity results and patient prognosis. RESULTS: The sensitive group was associated with poor disease-free survival (DFS) (p=0.003) and overall survival (OS) (p<0.001). No significant differences were observed in tumor histology (p=0.548), tumor size (p=0.479), number of metastatic lymph nodes (p=0.326), histologic grade (p=0.077), or nuclear grade (p=0.216) between the two groups. However, in respect to molecular subtype, the HER2-positive type and triple negative breast cancer were more frequently observed in the sensitive group (p=0.001). In a univariate and multivariate analysis for DFS, doxorubicin sensitivity was significantly associated with a poor prognosis (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Better chemosensitivity results are associated with a poor prognosis in breast cancer patients who have undergone anthracycline- and taxane-based chemotherapy, however, examination of additional cases and the use of a longer study period are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Taxoids
15.
Journal of Genetic Medicine ; : 105-112, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101744

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sharing genetic information with family members is important for cancer awareness and prevention. The purpose of this study is to examine disclosure patterns of positive BRCA genetic test results to patients' relatives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 106 probands who had positive BRCA genetic test results from the Korean Hereditary Breast Cancer Study participated in our study. Subjects were asked whether they had disclosed their genetic test results to first-, second-, and third-degree relatives. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify factors associated with positive result sharing with close and distant relatives. RESULTS: In total, 99 respondents (93.4%) informed at least one at-risk relative of the test result, and they all reported that they had disclosed their genetic test result to a first-degree relative. Communication of test results to other relatives occurred significantly less often, with only 31 of 99 subjects (31.3%) sharing their results with second- or third-degree relatives. In the results of univariate analyses, disclosure of genetic test results to more distant relatives was associated with marital status and months since post-test counseling. The reasons for communication were to provide information about the BRCA-related cancer risk and to recommend the genetic test. CONCLUSION: Most individuals with the BRCA mutation share their test results with first-degree family members; however, these results reach more distant relatives significantly less often. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage patients' communication with extended family members through systematic genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Counseling , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disclosure , Genetic Counseling , Marital Status , Multivariate Analysis
16.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 256-260, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90091

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is very favorable, but PTC frequently invade adjacent soft tissue and metastases to cervical lymph node. We evaluated the pattern of cervical neck lymph node metastasis in PTC according to tumor size. METHODS: From August 2005 to January 2009, 353 patients were underwent surgery for PTC. Among these patients, total thyroidectomy with cervical neck lymph node dissection were done in 266 patients. We subdivided patients into four groups according to size and compared the clinicopathologic characters between groups. And we confirmed the factors affecting central neck node metastasis. RESULTS: The mean age of patients of diagnosis was 49.1 years and female to male ratio was 5.8:1. Cervical lymph node metastasis were in 47.0% of the total cases. Cervical lymph node metastases and invasion to adjacent structure increased with tumor size. But, there were no significant differences in tumor size, invasion to adjacent structure, multifocality or bilaterality according to cervical lymph node metastasis. Early diagnostic age and sexuality were significantly related to cervical lymph node metastasis of PTC. CONCLUSION: PTC showed the aggressiveness with increasing tumor size. Tumor size was not related to cervical lymph node metastasis. These findings suggest that tumor size can help treat PTC, can`t be used by prediction factor of cervical lymph node metastasis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Diagnosis , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Sexuality , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
17.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 235-239, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51770

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of US/CT with US/CT/¹⁸F-FDG PET-CT in the diagnosis of cervical lymph nodes metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma. METHODS: From July 2008 to May 2010, 36 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma, confirmed by aspiration cytology analysis, underwent neck US, neck CT and ¹⁸F-FDG PET-CT preoperatively. The sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of the US/CT, US/CT/PET-CT was analyzed according to lymph node level (all: levels I~VI, central: level VI, lateral: levels I~V). RESULTS: At all lymph nodes group (level I~VI), US/CT/ PET-CT showed a sensitivity of 66.6%, a specificity of 61.9% and a diagnostic accuracy of 63.8%. The corresponding values for US/CT were 60.0%, 85.7%, 75.0% respectively. Considering the central cervical nodes group (level VI), US/CT/PET-CT showed a sensitivity of 57.1%, a specificity of 68.1%, and a diagnostic accuracy of 63.8%. The corresponding values of US/CT were 57.1%, 90.9%, 77.7% respectively. Considering the lateral cervical nodes group (level I~V), US/CT/PET-CT showed a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 84.3%, and a diagnostic accuracy of 86.1%. The corresponding values of US/CT were 75.0%, 84.3%, 83.3% respectively. The diagnostic results of US/ CT, US/CT/PET-CT in initial evaluation of the cervical nodes metastasis did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results suggest that additional PET-CT evaluation in US/CT does not provide statistically significant benefit for initial diagnosis of cervical lymph nodes metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Lymph Nodes , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 265-271, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101504

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: False negative results obtained with the use of a sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) can result in down staging of tumors, whereas the use of a more elaborated pathological examination of sentinel lymph nodes might lead to upstaging of tumors. The purpose of this study was to compare results after performing only an SLNB as compared with performing conventional axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) without an SLNB in pathologically node negative (pN0) breast cancer patients. METHODS: From April 2004 to June 2007, SLNBs were performed for patients with primary breast cancer who had no clinical evidence of a lymph node metastasis. A total of 272 patients were treated with only an SLNB. During the same period, 278 patients were confirmed as pN0 after conventional ALND without an SLNB. A prospectively collected database and medical records of these patients were reviewed. RESULTS: For patients that had undergone only an SLNB, there was no local or regional recurrence. A distant metastasis developed in four patients (1.5%). In patients that had undergone ALND without an SLNB, a recurrence was found in 13 patients (4.7%). Patients that had undergone only an SLNB showed significantly better disease-free survival as compared to patients that had undergone ALND without an SLNB (p=0.032). CONCLUSION: pN0 patients treated with only an SLNB showed a significantly better outcome as compared to patients treated with conventional ALND without an SLNB. These results suggest that performing an SLNB might result in the upstaging of a subset of patients who would have been understaged by the use of conventional ALND.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nitriles , Prospective Studies , Pyrethrins , Recurrence , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 20-26, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18348

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although adjuvant chemotherapy improves the survival of premenopausal breast cancer patients, it could induce the premature menopause. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and risk factors of chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea (CIA) and recovery for young ( 30 mIU/mL. RESULTS: A total of 324 patients were included in this study. Of these patients, 261 patients (80.6%) developed amenorrhea just after the completion of chemotherapy. During follow-up, 77 patients (29.5%) resumed menstruation. Amenorrhea rates at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after chemotherapy were 72.2%, 66.6%, 58.1%, and 55.5%. Women who recovered from amenorrhea were significantly younger than the women who did not recover (p<0.001). Patients treated with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) less frequently recovered from amenorrhea than patients who were treated with anthracycline or taxane-based chemo- therapy (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The age of the patient was the most important factor for the development of CIA. Patients treated with a CMF regimen and older patients showed poor recovery from CIA. These results could be helpful to make decisions about the treatment strategies for premenopausal young women.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Amenorrhea , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cyclophosphamide , Fluorouracil , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Menopause, Premature , Menstruation , Methotrexate , Risk Factors
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 133-138, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205807

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The role and safety of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in young breast cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced amenorrhea (CIA) has not been established. The goal of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of AIs in young breast cancer patients with CIA. METHODS: From December 2000 to December 2006, 58 patients with hormone receptor positive breast cancer under the age of 45 were treated with AIs as adjuvant therapy. All patients had amenorrhea for more than three consecutive months at the time of treatment. We evaluated the rates of recovery of ovarian function during the treatment, and analyzed the association of the recovery of ovarian function with age, body mass index (BMI), chemotherapy regimen, radiation therapy, and the use of tamoxifen. RESULTS: Recovery of ovarian function was observed in 16 patients (27.6%). The univariate analysis showed that ovarian function was more frequently recovered in patients younger than 40 yr of age, treated with chemotherapy regimens other than Cyclophosphamide, Methotrexate, 5-Flurouracil (CMF), without a history of tamoxifen therapy, and with a higher BMI. The multivariate analysis confirmed that the type of chemotherapy (p=0.034) and the history of tamoxifen therapy (p=0.043) were independent factors significantly associated with the restoration of ovarian function. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that AIs should be considered, with caution in young women with CIA; these agents may promote the unwanted recovery of ovarian function. Especially, in those patients who were not treated with CMF chemotherapy or tamoxifen, where the rates of recovery of ovarian function were higher.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Amenorrhea , Aromatase , Aromatase Inhibitors , Body Mass Index , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Cyclophosphamide , Methotrexate , Multivariate Analysis , Tamoxifen
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