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Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 2002 Sep; 33(3): 532-46
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-33944


Anopheline mosquitos and their relation to malaria transmission were studied 3 times: in July and August, 1999; in December, 1999; and in August and September, 2000. The studies took place in the malaria endemic villages of Khammouane Province, southeast of Lao PDR. A total of 28 species were collected using human and animal bait. Human bait attracted predominantly Anopheles dirus and An. minimus, which were identified as vectors by the detection of sporozoites by dissection, PCR, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax. The vectorial capacity of An. dirus was 0.009-0.428, while that of An. minimus was 0.048-0.186. The inoculation rate of An. dirus was 0.052-0.137 (Boualapha; August, 2000). An. nivipes and its sister species, An. philippinensis, were principally zoophilic, although a considerable number of the females were also attracted to human bait in the villages of the paddy field areas. An. philippinensis infected with oocysts of P. vivax was detected in a specimen collected by animal bait. These two species were considered as vectors in Khammouane Province. Four species, An. notanandai, An. sawadwongporni, An. willmori, and An. hodgkini, had not been recored before in Lao PDR. Information is provided on host preference and the nocturnal biting activities of common species and the incidence of malaria in the study areas.

Animals , Anopheles/parasitology , Humans , Insect Vectors/parasitology , Laos/epidemiology , Malaria/epidemiology , Population Density , Prevalence , Seasons , Spores, Protozoan/physiology
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 2002 Mar; 33(1): 63-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-35396


An ecological survey of dengue vector mosquitos was carried out in June 2000 in central Lao PDR. Two areas in Khammouane Province, Nongbok and Thakhek, were selected for the survey. Of the 7 mosquito species identified, Aedes aegypti was dominant in both study areas. The container index for Ae. aegypti in Nongbok was 51.8% and was significantly higher than that of Thakhek (40.2%); moreover, significant differences between the study areas were found with records to containers and to the conditions surrounding the houses. The key containers in Nongbok were water jars, whereas drums or small or discarded containers had the highest occurrence rate of Ae. aegypti in Thakhek. Mesocyclops aspericornis was found in large water jars and cement water tanks; no Aedes larvae were found at these sites. Strategy to control dengue vectors in the study areas was discussed.

Animals , Data Collection , Dengue/epidemiology , Humans , Insect Vectors , Laos/epidemiology