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1.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 95-105, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816644

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Gastric cancer is a highly metastatic malignant tumor, often characterized by chemoresistance and high mortality. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of B-cell lymphoma 3 (Bcl-3) protein on cell migration and chemosensitivity of gastric cancer.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The gastric cancer cell lines, AGS and NCI-N87, were used for the in vitro studies and the in vivo studies were performed using BALB/c nude mice. Western blotting, wound healing assay, Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, immunohistochemistry, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay were used to evaluate the role of Bcl-3 in gastric cancer.RESULTS: We found that the protein expression of hypoxia (HYP)-inducible factor-1α and Bcl-3 were markedly upregulated under hypoxic conditions in both AGS and NCI-N87 cells in a time-dependent manner. Interestingly, small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of Bcl-3 expression affected the migration and chemosensitivity of the gastric cancer cells. AGS and NCI-N87 cells transfected with si-RNA-Bcl-3 (si-Bcl-3) showed significantly reduced migratory ability and increased chemosensitivity to oxaliplatin, 5-fluorouracil, and irinotecan. In addition, si-Bcl-3 restored the autophagy induced by HYP. Further, the protective role of si-Bcl-3 on the gastric cancer cells could be reversed by the autophagy inducer, rapamycin. Importantly, the in vivo xenograft tumor experiments showed similar results.CONCLUSIONS: Our present study reveals that Bcl-3 knockdown inhibits cell migration and chemoresistance of gastric cancer cells through restoring HYP-induced autophagy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744559

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare aortic root anatomical characteristics between severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) and aortic regurgitation (AR) patients, and to provide useful information for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) device designs and procedural techniques for treatment of AR. Methods Consecutive patients admitted between April 2014 to May 2016 with severe AS or AR and planned to undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement were included. There were a total of 57 AR and 113 AS patients. All patients underwent multi-detector computed tomographic imaging and echocardiography examinations. Results The mean aortic annulus diameter in AR patients was slightly but significantly larger than AS patients[ (26.4±3.7) mm vs. (25.2±2.9) mm, P=0.001]. The mean diameters of the ascending aorta[ (38.3±6.9) mm vs. (33.9±6.7) mm, P<0.001]and Valsalva sinus[ (38.9±6.9) mm vs. (32.7±4.5) mm, P<0.001] in AR patients were larger than in AS patients. The left coronary ostia height was of no significant difference between the 2 groups [ (12.5±3.7) mm vs. (13.4±3.2) mm, P=0.08] and the right coronary ostia height was higher in the AR group than in the AS group [ (17.5±5.0) mm vs. (15.3±3.3) mm, P=0.001]. Conclusions The anatomical aortic root data from patients with AS or AR in the present study may provide useful information for transcatheter aortic valve replacement device designs and procedural techniques for treatment of AR.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806527

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the efficacy of 1 mg·kg-1·d-1 and 2.0 mg·kg-1·d-1 of propranolol in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas, so as to provide an ideal dosage for clinical treatment.@*Methods@#From September 2015 to October 2016, there were 89 patients in accordance with the inclusion criteria of infantile hemangiomas. According to randomized and controlled principle, the patients were assigned to receive two propranolol regimens, Group A(n=45): propranolol at a dose of 1 mg·kg-1·d-1; Group B(n=44): propranolol at a dose of 2 mg·kg-1·d-1. 1 or 2 mg of propranolol base per kilogram per day, divided into two doses.The first dose was taken at 9, next at 15.The effective rate, cure rate and adverse effect rate were compared at the six months after treatment. The duration of the treatment was compared after 12 months′ treatment, and the recurrence rate was compared at the three months after being cured.The data were statistically processed with SPSS 22.0. The sample rate was compared with χ2 test, and the data were compared with t test. P<0.05 was statistically significant difference.@*Results@#Group A: Treatment for 6 months, 45 children were evaluated as follows: the effective rate was 91.1%(41/45), the cure rate was 60%(27/45). The incidence of adverse reactions was 13.3%(6/45). The cure rate of group A at 12 months was 86.7%(39/45). The duration of treatment was 7.6±2.7 months.The recurrence rate was 9.5%(4/42). Group B: Treatment for 6 months, 44 children were evaluated as follows: the effective rate was 90.9%(40/44), the cure rate was 72.7%(32/44). The incidence of adverse reactions was 15.9%(7/44). The cure rate of group B at 12 months was 88.6%(39/44). The duration of treatment was 6.2±1.9 months. The recurrence rate was 11.9%(5/42). The effective rate of the two groups at 6 months was not statistically significant(χ2=2.583, P=0.461). The cure rate of the two groups at 6 months was statistically significant(χ2=8.339, P=0.004). The incidence of adverse effects was not statistically significant(χ2=0.118, P=0.731). The cure rate of the two groups at 12 month was not statistically significant(χ2=0.080, P=0.778). The duration of treatment between the groups was statistically significant (t=0.290, P=0.009). The recurrence rate of the two groups after 3 months withdrawal was no statistical difference(χ2=0.124, P=0.724).@*Conclusions@#The propranolol doses at 1 mg·kg-1·d-1 and 2 mg·kg-1·d-1 in the treatment of infantile hemangiomas are safe and effective. The propranolol dose at 1 mg·kg-1·d-1 doesn′t decrease the effective and cure rate, not increase the recurrence rate in infantile hemangiomas. Low dose at 1 mg·kg-1·d-1 can be used as a common dose of propranolol in infantile hemangiomas.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688215

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic basis for a couple with recurrent pregnancy loss by using single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array), chromosomal karyotype analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A SNP array was used for analyzing sample derived from the abortic tissue. The couple was analyzed with G-banded karyotyping and an Illumina Human CytoSNP-12 Beadchip assay. Based on the results, specific probes were designed to verify the chromosomal aberration by FISH.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The SNP array showed a 16.6 Mb duplication at 11q23.3-q25 and a 11 Mb deletion at 15q26.1-q26.3 in the abortic tissue. Combined with high-resolution G-banding analysis, the karyotype of the wife was verified to be 46,XX,t(11;15)(q24;q26.2). FISH analysis using probes for 11pter/11qter and 15qter confirmed that she has carried a balanced translocation, while the fetus has carried a derivative chromosome 15 derived from the maternal translocation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNP array can facilitate detection of balanced translocations which are difficult to be identified by conventional chromosomal karyotyping. The method does not necessitate cell culture and can well suit genetic analysis for couples with recurrent pregnancy loss.</p>

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688169

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To carry out mutation analysis for a pedigree affected with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of the proband was collected. Potential mutations of the BCKDHA and BCKDHB genes were analyzed by PCR and Sanger sequencing. Prenatal diagnosis was provided to a high-risk fetus at 12th gestational week through chorionic villus sampling.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two heterozygous mutations c.284G>C (p.Gly95Ala) and c.853C>T (p.Arg285*) of the BCKDHB gene were identified in the proband, which were inherited from his mother and father, respectively. Among these, c.853C>T (p.Arg285*) was known to be pathogenic, while c.284G>C (p.Gly95Ala) was a novel mutation. Prenatal diagnosis showed that the fetus has inherited the c.284G>C (p.Gly95Ala) mutation from its mother but no mutation from its father. After birth, the infant appeared to be healthy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The compound heterozygous mutations c.284G>C (p.Gly95Ala) and c.853C>T (p.Arg285*) probably underlie the pathogenesis of MUSD in the proband. Mutation analysis can facilitate prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling for the affected families.</p>

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687982

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic etiology of a pedigree affected with hereditary retinitis pigmentosa.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>High-throughput DNA sequencing was used to analyze the sequences of 173 genes associated with hereditary eye diseases in the proband. Suspected mutation was verified with PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband was found to have carried a c.570_571 ins GAAGATGCTGT insertional mutation in the RP2 gene located on the X chromosome. All female carriers of the pedigree were heterozygous, while all affected males were hemizygous for the same mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The inheritance pattern of this retinitis pigmentosa pedigree was X-linked recessive. The c.570_571 ins GAAGATGCTGT insertional mutation of the RP2 gene probably underlies the disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Eye Proteins , Genetics , Female , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Retinitis Pigmentosa , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693728

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory actions of Intestines-unblocking, Turbid-purging Recipe (ITR) on colonic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and its receptor 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 (5-HT3) in rats with constipation-dominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C), and to explore the therapeutic mechanism of ITR in treating IBS-C. Methods Forty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, namely normal group, model group, western medicine group, high-, middle- and low-dose Chinese medicine groups, 7 rats in each group. IBS-C rat model was established by intragastric administration of ice water. After establishment of the model, western medicine group was given intragastric administration of Cisapride Tablets (at the dosage of 3.6 mg·kg-1·d-1), Chinese medicine groups were given intragastric administration of various dosages of ITR granules (18.5, 9.25, 4.625 g·kg-1·d-1 respectively) , and the model group was given intragastric administration of normal saline, the treatment lasting 14 d. The rats in various groups were given normal feeding and drinking. After treatment, HE staining method was used to observe pathological changes in the intestinal tissue, immunohistochemistry method was used to observe the expression levels of intestinal 5-HT and 5-HT3 receptor. Results Compared with the normal group, the expression level of rat intestinal 5-HT was increased (P < 0.05) and that of 5-HT3 receptor was decreased (P < 0.05) in the model group and the medication groups. Compared with the model group, 5-HT expression level was decreased significantly (P<0.05) and 5-HT3 receptor expression level was increased (P < 0.05) in the medication groups, and the improvement of the middle-dose Chinese medicine group was more obvious (P < 0.05). Conclusion ITR has therapeutic efficacy for IBS-C rats through lowering 5-HT expression and increasing 5-HT3 receptor expression, which results into the improvement of intestinal sensitivity and abnormal dynamic of the rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693672

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Chaijin-Huayu decoction combined with endoscopic minimally invasive for gallbladder polyposis and its effect on quality of life.Methods A total of 91 patients with gallbladder polyposis were selected from March 2014 to early March 2017 outpatients and wards of Hebei Provincial Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital.According to the method of random number table,the paitents were randomly divided into the observation group (n=46) and the control group (n=45).After three courses of treatment,the total effective rate,TCM symptom score and quality of life were observed in both groups,and the postoperative complications of the two groups were compared.Results After three courses of treatment,the total effective rate of the observation group was 91.3% (42/46),while that of the control group was 88.9% (40/45).There was no significant difference between the two groups (x2=0.149,P=0.592).In the observation group,the scores of subcardiac pycnosis and belching,right flank distended pain and burp were lower than those of the control group (t were 2.431,3.560 and 2.891 respectively,all P<0.05).In the SF-36 scale,the scores of mental health,social function,physical pain,physiological function,emotional function,vitality,physiological function and overall health of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (t were 2.342,2.831,2.765,2.545,2.485,2.650,2.582,2.325 respectively,all P<0.05);The incidence of surgical complications of the observation group was 2.2% (1/46),while that of the control group was 17.8% (8/45),and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (x2=0.149,P>0.05).Conclusions Chaijin-Huayu decoction combined with minimally invasive choledochoplasty could relieve symptoms,improve quality of life and reduce postoperative complications in patients with gallbladder polyposis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617958

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of prenatal diagnosis in identifying the etiology and predicting the prognosis of fetal pleural effusion (FPE).Methods Forty-two cases of FPE were recruited in this study from January 2012 to September 2016.Ultrasound scan and genetic tests were performed on all fetuses.Seven fetuses with severe FPE were given pleurocentesis.Pregnancy outcomes of all the fetuses were followed up.Results FPE was commonly accompanied with other abnormalities,such as ascites,hydrops,hydramnion,hygroma colli,abnormal posturing,joint contractures,arrhythmia and micromandible.Chromosomal abnormality was detected in 11 fetuses (26.2%),of which ten were further confirmed by karyotype analysis,including six with 45,X,three trisomy 21 and one trisomy 18,and one was detected with a 9.83 Mb uniparental disomy (UPD) located at 12q24.21q24.31 by gene chip.One fetus was diagnosed with--SEA/--SEA thalassemia.All of the 12 families decided to terminate the pregnancies after genetic counseling.Among the other 30 fetuses,seven with severe FPE and normal karyotype underwent pleurocentesis.Five of the seven cases were with favorable outcomes,one with progressive hydrops was aborted and one neonate with severe hydrops died after birth.Spontaneous regression of FPE with good outcome was found in two cases.Parents of the other 21 fetuses chose to terminate the pregnancies.Conclusions Prenatal diagnosis is important to identify the etiology and predict the outcome of FPE.Chromosomal abnormality is a relatively common cause of FPE,and 45,X and trisomy 21 are the most common abnormalities.Intrauterine intervention is beneficial for FPE without chromosomal or other definite genetic abnormalities.Genetic test may be of great value for pregnant counseling.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345363

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect potential mutation of F8 gene in a family affected with hemophilia type A.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Inverse-shifting PCR (IS-PCR), next-generation sequencing (NGS), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and short tandem repeat (STR) assays were used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IS-PCR showed that no inversion of F8 gene has occurred in the family. NGS detected no point mutation or small InDel in the proband, but suggested that the exon 2 of the F8 gene may be deleted. MLPA also showed that exon 2 of the F8 gene was absent in the proband, while the carriers were heterozygous for the deletion, though STR analysis yielded a paradoxical result.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NGS analysis has identified a large deletion of exon 2 of the F8 gene in a family affected with hemophilia A. Discretion is required when STR analysis was used for carrier screening and antenatal diagnosis. Combination of multiple methods can improve the accuracy for the detection of F8 gene mutations.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Exons , Genetics , Factor VIII , Genetics , Genetic Testing , Methods , Hemophilia A , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Sequence Deletion , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247705

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic cause for a child featuring developmental delay and mental retardation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The child was analyzed with G-banded karyotyping and an Illumina Human CytoSNP-12 Beadchip.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The father of the patient had a normal karyotype. The mother had a karyotype of 46, XX, t(12;15)(p13.3;q13). The child had a karyotype of 45, XY, der(12)t(12;15)(p13.3;q13)mat, -15. SNP array analysis showed that the child has deletions in 12p13.31-p13.33 and 15q11.2-q13.2. But no deletion or duplication was detected in his mother.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The unbalanced translocation involving chromosomes 12 and 15 probably accounts for the mental retardation in the child. SNP array is useful for the detection of chromosomal rearrangements and genetic counseling.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12 , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Genetics , Developmental Disabilities , Genetics , Female , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Karyotyping , Male , Translocation, Genetic
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247679

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze a patient with unexplained mental retardation by using three primer PCR (TP-PCR) and single nucleotide polymorphisms array (SNP-array), and to correlate the genotype with phenotype.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood sample was taken from the patient for the extraction of DNA. TP-PCR was used to determine the copy number of CGG repeats in the 5'UTR of the FMR1 gene. SNP array was used for high resolution analysis of the patient's genome.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TP-PCR has shown no abnormal amplification of CGG in the 5'UTR of FMR1 gene. Hence, Fragile X syndrome was excluded as the cause for mental retardation. SNP array analysis has identified a 0.93 Mb duplication at 7q36.1-q36.2 and a 2.2 Mb deletion at 12p13.1-p13.2 in the patient.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The microduplication and microdeletion discovered in the patient probably underlies the intelligence disability. The high-resolution SNP array can provide accurate information for the identification of pathogenesis, and is the preferred method for the diagnosis of unexplained mental retardation.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Cytogenetic Analysis , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein , Genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Male , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247675

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the pathogenesis of a patient featuring azoospermia and steroid sulfatase deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), G-banded karyotyping and Illumina Human CytoSNP-12 Beadchip analysis were conducted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>STS sites PCR showed that there was no deletion in the AZF zone. G-banding analysis indicated an unknown structural change in chromosome X, which was verified by single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) as a 5.4 Mb deletion in Xp22.31-p22.33.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Xp22.31-p22.33 deletion probably underlies the Kallman syndrome and steroid sulfatase defect in the patient.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Ichthyosis, X-Linked , Genetics , Kallmann Syndrome , Genetics , Karyotyping , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247646

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Inversions of intron 1 (Inv1) or intron 22 (Inv22) of the coagulation factor VIII gene (F8) may be found in 40%-50% of patients with severe hemophilia A. Such inversions cannot be detected by conventional sequencing. Due to homologous recombination, family-based linkage analysis may yield false positive or false negative results. In this study, Inverse-shifting PCR (IS-PCR) was used to detect potential inversions in two families affected with hemophilia A.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral venous blood, fetal amniotic fluid and fetal chorionic cells were harvested for genome DNA extraction. IS-PCR was used to detect Inv1 or Inv22 detection or its subtypes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IS-PCR has accurately detected Inv22 and Inv1 in both families and verified the subtypes of Inv22.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Carriers of Inv22 or Inv1 may be precisely detected with IS-PCR. The results have provided valuable information for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the affected families.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Inversion , Factor VIII , Genetics , Genetic Counseling , Hemophilia A , Diagnosis , Genetics , Humans , Introns , Male , Prenatal Diagnosis
15.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 622-624, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477798

ABSTRACT

Clinical trials for medical research subjects of protection in China is still the researchers and sub-jects′cognitive biases, informed consent to carry out the difficult and the lack of follow-up tracking examination questions.Based on the experience and the domestic exploration of a hospital, put forward the Suggestions of per-fecting our country′s subjects protection: establish multi-sectoral cooperation of the subjects protection system, improve the legal consciousness and the consciousness of the subjects, the ethics committee should be field trips, build system of compulsory insurance, adverse drug reaction relief system is established.

16.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 841-843, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrieve and analyze the relevant literatures on vancomycin added into bone cement to provide the evi-dence for the treatment of osteomyelitis and other orthopedic infections. Methods:Search strategy and criteria of inclusion and exclu-sion for literatures were designed. PubMed, SCI, Embase, CNKI, VIP and the other databases were searched, and the articles from the establishment date to February 2014 were statistically analyzed using bibliometric methods. The final included documents were sta-tistically analyzed in respect of the article type, year, contents, citation frequency and the maln contents of the study. Results:A total of 1 941 articles were searched, and 430 of them were in the final inclusion. The total number of the articles in every year was in an es-calating trend. The paper focused on the research and analysis of clinical studies, and there were 74 clinical studies among the includ-ed literatures, which accounted for 17. 2% of all the included literatures. The highest citation frequency was 97 for one literature. The research included the overall situation, year distribution, publishing country, research type analysis, corresponding author and their in-stitutions, journals, citation frequency, and the maln content of work and clinical studies on vancomycin added into bone cement. The analysis could provide reference for the clinical treatment of orthopedic diseases. Conclusion: The results of the analysis show that vancomycin added into bone cement in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis is effective with high security, and the technology is ma-ture.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1118-1125, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253188

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Ertapenem has been demonstrated to be highly effective for the treatment of complicated infections. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of ertapenem with ceftriaxone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the efficacy and safety of ertapenem with ceftriaxone for the treatment of complicated infections including community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs), and complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs). Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan 5.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight RCTs, involving 2 883 patients, were included in our meta-analysis. Ertapenem was associated with similar clinical treatment success with ceftriaxone for complicated infections (1 326 patients, fixed-effect model, OR: 1.13, 95% CI: 0.75-1.71). There was no difference between the compared treatment groups with regard to the microbiological treatment success, and no difference was found with regard to the incidence of clinical and laboratory drug-related adverse events between ertapenem and ceftriaxone groups. As to local tolerability, overall, there was no difference between the compared groups; however, in the subgroup analysis, local reaction was significantly less in the ertapenem subgroup than the ceftriaxone plus ceftriaxone subgroup.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Ertapenem can be used as effectively and safely as ceftriaxone for the treatment of complicated infections. It is an appealing option for the treatment of these complicated infections.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Ceftriaxone , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Intraabdominal Infections , Drug Therapy , Pneumonia , Drug Therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Urinary Tract Infections , Drug Therapy , beta-Lactams , Therapeutic Uses
18.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014; 27 (3): 463-467
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142159

ABSTRACT

The shortage of effective antibiotics against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii [MDR-Ab] has posed great threat to the public health. But the advent of tigecycline gives us new hope. The goal of our research was to assess the clinical efficacy of tigecycline at different doses by using a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic [PK/PD] model which can incorporate pharmacokinetic data of tigecycline from patients with pneumonia and MICs of MDR-Ab from a tertiary hospital. A 10000-patient Monte-Carlo Simulation based on the PK/PD model was conducted to calculate the probability of target attainment [PTA] and the cumulative fraction of response [CFR] of tigecycline. 97% isolates displayed susceptibility and 3% were tigecycline-intermediate strains and the values of MIC ranged from 0.125 to 4microg/ml. A CFR of 61.62% was predicted for tigecycline at current dosage [50 mg q12h]. When the dosage was increased, the predicted CFRs for 75 mg q12h, 100 mg q12h, 125 mg q12h, 150 mg q12h were 81.00%, 89.86%, and 94.57%, 96.77%, respectively. Despite presented higher susceptibility, the CFR obtained was not optimal at current dosage. A higher CFR indicating a better clinical efficacy can be gained by the increased dosage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Cross Infection , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Acinetobacter baumannii , Minocycline/pharmacology
19.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 917-920, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458743

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects of high volume zero-balanced ultraifltration (ZBUF) with different replacement lfuid in infant patients. Methods: A total of 40 infant patients who received aortic coarctation with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest operation in our hospital from 2012-11 to 2014-02 were summarized. The patients were randomized into 2 groups, Group A, the patients had ZBUF with plasmalyte A, n=21 and Group B, the patients had ZBUF with modiifed replacement lfuid n=19. All patients received ZBUF (15-20) ml/kg during re-warming period until the temperature reached 34°C at rectum. Blood gas analysis were conducted at 4 time points as T1 (before CPB), T2 (open ascending aorta and 5 min after calcium perfusion), T3 (ifnishing ZBUF) and T4 (end of CPB). The intra-operative CPB time and the post-operative recovery with the complication were recorded in all patients. Results: For blood gas analysis, the calcium concentration was higher in Group B than that in Group A at T3 time point, P0.05. The other indexes were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05 and the post-operative recovery was similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. Conclusion: ZBUF with modiifed replacement lfuid could avoid decreased calcium concentration and acidosis, therefore, provide a relative stable homeostasis in infant patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389825

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience on diagnosis and treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism(PHPT).Methods Clinical data of 91 PHPT patients treated in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from November 1992 to December 2008 were analyzed retrospectively.Results Among 91 PHPT cases,88 were diagnosed as parathyroid adenoma(96.7%),3 were diagnosed as parathyroid carcinoma (3.3%).Serum calcium and PTH levels increased in all cases.Main clinical manifestations were osteodynia and kidney stones.The accuracy rate of preoperative B-ultrasound.CT and ECT~(99m)Tc-MIBI on location was 83.5%(76/91),60.9%(14/23)and 98.6%(69/70)respectively.Parathyroidectomy was performed in all but one cases,in which parathyroid carcinoma was managed by ipsilateral hemithyroidectomy and modified neck dissection.The cure rate of primary operation was 97.8%(89/91).Ninety cases were followed-up from 8 months to 14 years postoperatively,87 cases with parathyroid adenoma achieved complete remission,2 with parathyroid carcinoma suffered from tumor recurrence and 1 died.Conclusion Patients with chronic bone diseases,repeatedly recurrent nephrolithiasis,peptic ulcer disease should be a suspect of PHPT.The routine examinations of serum calcium and phosphorus are to be conducted.UItrasonography and ECT~(99m)Tc-MIBI should be considered as the methods of first choice for preoperative localization.

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