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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 55-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907033

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily evaluate the application value of SpyGlass direct visualization system in the diagnosis and treatment of biliary stricture after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 4 patients presenting with biliary stricture after liver transplantation who underwent SpyGlass direct visualization system examination were collected. The examination, treatment and prognosis of biliary stricture were analyzed. Results The examination results of color Doppler ultrasound, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in 4 patients suggested biliary anastomotic stricture with intrahepatic biliary dilatation, and 2 of them were complicated with intrahepatic biliary calculi. Repeated placement of biliary stent under ERCP yielded poor effect in 3 cases. SpyGlass direct visualization system examination hinted biliary anastomotic stricture in 4 patients, 3 cases of intrahepatic biliary dilatation, 3 cases of intrahepatic biliary calculi, 2 cases of purulent bile and 3 cases of floccules within the biliary tract, 1 case of congestion and edema of biliary tract wall and 2 cases of local epithelial necrosis and stiffness changes of intrahepatic biliary tract wall. The wire could not be inserted in 1 patient due to severe biliary anastomotic stricture. Four patients were treated with biliary stricture resection + biliary stone removal + biliary end-to-end anastomosis, biliary stricture resection + biliary-intestinal anastomosis, ERCP lithotomy + biliary metal stent implantation, and biliary metal stent implantation + percutaneous transhepatic bile duct lithotomy, respectively. Relevant symptoms were relieved without evident complications. All patients survived during the follow-up until the submission date. Conclusions Compared with traditional imaging examination, SpyGlass direct visualization system may more directly display the morphological characteristics of biliary tract wall and structural changes within biliary tract cavity, which is an effective examination tool for biliary stricture after liver transplantation. In addition, individualized treatment methods may be adopted for different biliary tract diseases, which is expected to improve clinical prognosis of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906388

ABSTRACT

Huaihuasan, first recorded in Puji Benshifang by XU Shu-wei from the Southern Song dynasty, consists of four herbs, namely Sophorae Flos (fried), Platycladi Cacumen (smashed with pestle and baked), Schizonepetae Spica, and Aurantii Fructus (cut into pieces after the removal of pulp and then fried yellow with wheat bran). At present, Huaihuasan and its modified formulas vary in clinical usages and dosages, and the resulting outcomes have been investigated. However, there are few reviews uncovering its historical evolution. On this basis, this review systematically combed and verified the historical evolution, dose conversion between ancient and modern times, efficacy, and indications of Huaihuasan, as well as the origin and processing of the contained herbs. The findings have demonstrated that Huaihuasan is composed of four herbs, with the original plants and medicinal parts basically the same as those recorded in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Sophorae Flos refers to the dried flower and bud of Sophora japonica in family Leguminosae, Platycladi Cacumen the dried branch and leaf of Platycladus orientalis in family Cupressaceae, Schizonepetae Spica the dried flower spike of Schizonepeta tenuifolia in family Labiatae, and Aurantii Fructus the dried immature fruit of Citrus aurantium in family Rutaceae or its cultivated varieties. On account of the efficacy in clearing intestine, stopping bleeding, dispersing wind, and moving Qi, Huaihuasan has been mainly used to treat intestinal diseases such as bloody defecation and perianal abscess. In modern clinical practice, it is mainly applicable to patients with hematochezia and bleeding due to internal hemorrhoid, ulcerative colitis, or anal fissure. It was suggested that the raw medicinal materials should be decocted and processed according to the methods described in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Following the conversion formula of one Qian=4 g, this paper determined the dosages of Sophorae Flos (fried), Platycladi Cacumen (smashed with pestle and baked), Schizonepetae Spica, and Aurantii Fructus (cut into pieces after the removal of pulp and then fried yellow with wheat bran) all to be 2 g, with the total dosage being 8 g. Such comprehensive analysis based on ancient books and modern literature has provided a more scientific reference for the clinical application, research, and development of this classical formula.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905924

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and compare the protective effects of Tongqiao Huoxue decoction (TQHX) prepared by three methods against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI), and to explore its mechanism through the glutamate (Glu) metabolic pathway in astrocytes. Method:The male SD rats of SPF grade were subjected to CIRI model induction by the modified middle cerebral artery occlusion method. The model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a sham operation group, and water-decocted, wine-decocted, and alcohol-extracted TQHX (6.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) groups. The rats were treated correspondingly for 7 days. Those in the sham operation group and the model group were treated with an equal volume of normal saline by gavage. After the final treatment, the neurological function of rats was assessed by the modified neurological severity score (mNSS). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological changes of ischemic brain tissues in rats. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to detect glutamate (Glu) in ischemic brain tissues. The expression of glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and co-expression of glutamine synthetase (GS) and GFAP in ischemic brain tissues were detected by immunofluorescence assay. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of GFAP, GLT-1, and GS. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, the model group showed increased mNSS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), large necrosis of cerebral cortex in ischemic brain tissues with disordered cell arrangement, obscure boundary, intracellular edema, and inflammatory infiltration, elevated Glu in ischemic brain tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), declining GLT-1-GFAP co-expression and GS-GFAP co-expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated expression of GFAP protein, and reduced protein expression of GLT-1 and GS(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the model group, the TQHX groups showed decreased mNSS (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), relieved injury in the cerebral cortex and hippocampal nerve cells in ischemic brain tissues, reduced Glu expression(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01), elevated co-expression of GLT-1 and GFAP (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01), and up-regulated protein expression of GFAP and GLT-1(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The co-expression of GS and GFAP (<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01)and the expression of GS (<italic>P<</italic>0.01)were increased in the wine-decocted and alcohol-extracted TQHX groups. Compared with the water-decocted TQHX group, the alcohol-extracted group showed increased GLT-1-GFAP and GS-GFAP co-expression(<italic>P<</italic>0.05); the wine-decocted and alcohol-extracted TQHX groups exhibited elevated GS protein expression (<italic>P<</italic>0.05); the alcohol-extracted TQHX group displayed declining Glu content (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and increased protein expression of GFAP and GLT-1 (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01). Compared with the wine-decocted TQHX group, the alcohol-extracted TQHX group showed increased protein expression of GFAP and GLT-1(<italic>P<</italic>0.05,<italic>P<</italic>0.01). Conclusion:TQHX prepared by three methods can improve neurological deficits in CIRI rats. The effect is presumedly achieved by promoting the further activation of astrocytes, increasing the expression of GLT-1 and GS, promoting the clearance of Glu accumulated in the synaptic cleft by astrocytes through the Glu-glutamine (Gln) circulation, and reducing the excitotoxicity of Glu. The alcohol-extracted TQHX group was superior to the water-decocted and wine-decocted TQHX groups in reducing the content of Glu in ischemic brain tissues, promoting the activation of astrocytes, and enhancing the protein expression of GLT-1 and GS.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Guizhitang (GZT) on peripheral blood monocytes, intestinal flora and AS plaque formation of ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice induced by Western diet (WD). Method:In this study, 40 12-week-old homozygous female ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice were randomly divided into chow diet (CD) group (ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+CD), WD group (ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD), GZT group (ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD+GZT, 7.83 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and atorvastatin (Atr) group (ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD+Atr, 3.33 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>). And 10 matched C57BL/6 mice were set as wild CD control group (C57BL/6+CD). Except the CD group, the rest groups were given WD to induce models. Treatment groups were given Guizhitang or atorvastatin orally in addition to WD, while ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+CD and ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD model groups were treated with the same volume of double steam water at the same time. After 4 weeks of intervention, 5 mice in each group were selected to collect the eyeball blood samples. The levels of plasma lipids were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer, and the proportion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and its subtypes, and the expression levels of surface receptors toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CD36 were detected by flow cytometry, the intestinal flora of mice was detected by 16S rDNA sequencing. The remaining 5 mice in each group were intervened for 12 weeks, and the aorta was taken to detect the formation of aortic plaque by oil red O staining. Result:After intervention for 4 week, compared with C57BL/6+CD group, the levels of plasma total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+CD and ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD groups were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD group showed increase in the proportion of monocytes, their inflammatory subtypes Ly6C<sup>__</sup>, and TLR4 expression on monocyte surface in blood (<italic>P</italic><0.05). ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD group induced the imbalance of intestinal flora, with increase of Firmicutes and decrease of Verrucomicrobia in ileum of ApoE<sup>-/- </sup>mice. Compared with ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD group, there was no significant change in blood lipid level and monocyte proportion in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD+GZT group, but with decrease in the proportion of Ly6C<sup>__</sup>, increase in the proportion of anti-inflammatory subtype Ly6C<sup>-</sup>, and decrease in the expression of TLR4 and CD36 on monocyte surface (P<0.05). ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD+GZT group showed decrease of Firmicutes and increase of Bacteroidetes and Verrucomicrobia in ileum of ApoE<sup>-/- </sup>mice. After 12 weeks of intervention, ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD group showed increase in the number and area of aortic plaques in ApoE<sup>-/- </sup>mice. ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>+WD+GZT group showed decrease of the area of aortic AS plaques. Conclusion:GZT can reduce the immune damage and imbalance of intestinal flora caused by WD, then inhibit the formation of AS plaque.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to fabricate a bionic coating with titanium (Ti) phosphate to promote the osseointegration of Ti substrate implants.@*METHODS@#Phosphorylated micro/nanocoating was prepared on the surface of pure titanium (i.e., TiP-Ti) by hydrothermal process under special pressure, and the untreated smooth pure titanium (cp-Ti) was selected as the control. To evaluate the characteristics of the coating surface, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, and contact-angle measurement were performed. In addition, the effects of TiP-Ti on the proliferation, adhesion, and differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were investigated by using @*RESULTS@#The TiP-Ti surface presented a bionic structure with coexisting nanoscale 3D spatial structure and microscale pores. @*CONCLUSIONS@#A bionic structure with TiP-Ti micro/nanoscale coating was successfully fabricated, indicating a promising method for modifying the surface of implants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dental Implants , Osseointegration , Osteogenesis , Oxides , Phosphates , Rats , Surface Properties , Titanium
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1317-1320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area on residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuver in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).@*METHODS@#Sixty-six patients with residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuver for BPPV were randomly divided into an observation group (34 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area, once every other day; three times were taken as a course of treatment, and two courses of treatment were given. The patients in the control group received no acupuncture and medication. The dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before treatment and after 1 and 2 courses of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Except for the emotional score of DHI in the control group after 1 course of treatment, the sub item scores and total scores of DHI and VAS scores in the two groups after treatment were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Whether acupuncture or not, residual dizziness after repositioning maneuver for BPPV can be relieved within 2 weeks; horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area could improve dizziness symptoms and shorten the course of disease.


Subject(s)
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Dizziness/therapy , Humans , Patient Positioning , Vascular Surgical Procedures
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Zirconia ceramic was considered as one of the optimal materials in prosthodontics and widely used in daily clinical treatment for its features, such as aesthetic properties, biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. Ideal bond strength and durability are necessary for the restoration to achieve satisfied clinical performance. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review zirconia and common zirconia bonding agents, the physical and chemical properties of zirconia ceramics, the clinical operating process standard, the common zirconia bonding agents and their bonding performance. METHODS: We searched the articles from March 2005 to March 2020 in PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang databases with the key words of “zirconia; surface treatment; universal adhesive; self-adhesive resin cement; bonding strength” in Chinese and English. After screening according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, the final 36 included articles were summarized. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Zirconia has excellent physical and chemical properties with hydrophobic surface, so it is difficult to form a proper bonding surface with the substrate. At present, the combination of physical sand blasting and chemical reaction is the most common treatment. The sand blasting can effectively increase the reaction area. In the aspect of chemical bonding, the bond strength of the self-adhesive resin cement can be significantly improved by both the universal adhesive and zirconia primer after 24 hours of water storage; however, the durability of universal adhesive is better than that of zirconia primer. As common sense, 37% phosphoric acid is daily used on tooth surface before bonding procedure, which can prohibit chemical reaction to zirconia. Sand blasting was considered as one of the most practical way to physically increase the surface for 10-MDP contained primers or universal adhesives chemically reacted with zirconia.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1229-1237, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887082

ABSTRACT

Xanthine oxidase (XOD), catalyzing purine metabolism, is the key enzyme in uric acid (UA) biosynthesis, and becomes an important target for hyperuricemia treatment. The inhibition on XOD plays an important role in the treatment of hyperuricemia-related diseases, such as gout, as well as oxidative stress-induced tissue injury. Here, studies on the natural products with XOD inhibition are reviewed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 204-210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether there were changes in midbrain morphology related to motor function in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD).Methods:The study was conducted on a subset of patients with CSVD registered at the Department of Neurology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2010 to 2018. All magnetic resonance imaging images were taken with a 3.0 T nuclear magnetic resonance imager. The measurement of anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon and the tegmentum of mesencephalon was performed on a personal computer with the image processing software RadiAnt DICOM Viewer. Several clinical manifestations of dyspraxia, dysphagia, dysarthria and dysuria were evaluated by interviewing the patient and family members living with the patient. Kinect depth camera combined with self-developed software platform was used to conduct quantitative evaluation of patients′ motor function. Three parameters, namely walking speed, walking time of three meters and time of standing up and sitting down, were selected from the obtained parameters. SPSS 17.0 software was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 176 patients were included, aged 30-88 (64.16±11.57) years. One hundred and fifteen patients were males, accounting for 65.34%. In patients with CSVD, anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon and the tegmentum of mesencephalon were negatively correlated with age ( B=-0.032, P<0.001; B=-0.020, P=0.006). The anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon was negatively correlated with symptoms of dyskinesia ( OR=0.006, 95% CI 0-0.135, P=0.001), even when the age and gender were adjusted ( OR=0.014,95% CI 0-0.416, P=0.013). The anteroposterior diameter of the mesencephalon was negatively correlated with symptoms of dysuria ( OR=0.046,95% CI 0.002-0.936, P=0.045), but no longer correlated when the age and gender were adjusted. The anteroposterior diameter of tegmentum of mesencephalo was also negatively correlated with symptoms of dyskinesia ( OR=0.035,95% CI 0.002-0.684, P=0.027), but no longer correlated after adjusting for age and gender. Video recording and evaluation of motor function were performed on 87 patients. Spearman correlation analysis showed that none of the three motor function scores was correlated with age or gender. The anteroposteric diameter of the midbrain was positively correlated with walking speed ( r=0.231 ,P=0.040) and negatively correlated with walking time of three meters ( r=-0.304, P=0.005), but not with standing up and sitting down time, while the anteroposteric diameter of tegmentum of mesencephalo was not correlated with all of them. Conclusion:There are changes in mesencephalon morphology in patients with CSVD, structural parameters of mesencephalon are related to motor function and urination function, and mesencephalon atrophy may be an independent related factor for symptoms of dyskinesia in patients with CSVD.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884259

ABSTRACT

Incidence of acute closed Achilles tendon rupture is high in clinic. Accurate diagnosis of this injury depends on a combination of physical signs and imaging examinations. Although conservative and surgical interventions are common for acute closed Achilles tendon rupture, its optimal treatment remains controversial. This literature review focuses on the research progress concerning this injury so as to analyze its risk factors, diagnostic methods, treatments, early functional rehabilitation, postoperative complications and prognosis evaluation.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 329-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the monitoring value of left ventricular functional parameters obtained by bedside ultrasound combined with clinically relevant indicators in patients with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. A total of 24 patients receiving VA-ECMO adjuvant support in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2018 to January 2020 were selected. The bedside ultrasound was performed on the first day of ECMO support, the day before weaning, the clinical indicators before weaning were obtained. The differences in clinical indicators and the left ventricular functional parameters between the two groups of whether weaning successfully were compared; univariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen out the related factors affecting weaning.Results:Sixteen patients were successful weaned and 8 patients failed. Compared with the weaning failure group, patients in the weaning success group required less continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT, cases: 4 vs. 6, P < 0.05), mean arterial pressure (MAP) before weaning was higher [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 84.64±9.55 vs. 62.30±8.79, P < 0.05], and the pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) was also higher (0.966±0.670 vs. 0.866±0.061, P < 0.05), while vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS), serum creatinine (SCr) and serum lactic acid (Lac) were lower [VIS score: 7.27±1.42 vs. 16.93±8.52, SCr (μmol/L): 123.60±83.64 vs. 213.10±117.39, Lac (mmol/L): 1.94±0.91 vs. 5.62±5.48, all P < 0.05]. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the MAP, VIS, SCr, Lac, SpO 2 before weaning were the related factors affecting weaning [odds ratio ( OR) were 0.306, -0.740, -0.011, -0.632, -4.069; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were 1.065-1.732, 0.235-0.899, 0.979-0.999, 0.285-0.992 and 0.001-0.208; P values were 0.014, 0.022, 0.038, 0.047, 0.002]. In the weaning success group, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), velocity of mitralannulus in systolic (LatSa), maximum flow velocity of aortic valve (AV-Vmax), velocity-time integral (VTI), left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), left ventricular global longitudinal strain rate (LVGLSr) were all increased on the day before ECMO weaning compared with the first day of ECMO support [LVEF: 0.40±0.05 vs. 0.28±0.07, LatSa (cm/s): 6.81±0.91 vs. 4.62±1.02, AV-Vmax (cm/s): 104.81±33.98 vs. 64.44±16.85, VTI (cm): 14.56±3.11 vs. 7.96±1.98, LVGLS: (-8.95±2.59)% vs. (-5.26±1.28)%, LVGLSr (1/s): -0.48±0.11 vs. -0.29±0.09], whereas the ECMO flow was significantly reduced (L/min: 1.46±0.47 vs. 2.64±0.31), the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in left ventricular functional parameters between the first day of ECMO support and the day before ECMO weaning in the weaning failure group. Compared with the weaning failure group, the weaning success group had higher LVEF, LatSa, AV-Vmax, VTI, LVGLS, LVGLSr on the day before ECMO weaning [LVEF: 0.40±0.05 vs. 0.26±0.07, LatSa (cm/s): 6.81±0.91 vs. 4.31±1.03, AV-Vmax (cm/s): 104.81±33.98 vs. 67.67±18.46, VTI (cm): 14.56±3.11 vs. 7.75±2.77, LVGLS: (-8.95±2.59)% vs. (-4.81±1.81)%, LVGLSr (1/s): -0.48±0.11 vs. -0.30±0.10, all P < 0.05] and lower ECMO flow (L/min: 1.46±0.47 vs. 2.20±0.62, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Bedside echocardiographic left ventricular function parameters (LVEF, LatSa, AV-Vmax, VTI, LVGLS, LVGLSr) combined with clinical indicators (MAP, VIS, SCr, Lac, SpO 2) were helpful to evaluate the therapeutic effect of patients receiving VA-ECMO support and can provide important guiding value in the selection of VA-ECMO weaning timing and the judgment of prognosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 104-108, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883673

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors affecting bone mineral density (BMD) in adult males with low-to-moderate fluoride exposure in Henan Province.Methods:Adult male villagers from low-to-moderate fluoride exposure areas in Tongxu County, Kaifeng City, Henan Province were recruited from April to May 2017 based on cluster random sampling. Questionnaire survey, physical measurements and urinary samples collection were conducted respectively. Urinary fluoride (UF) was determined by fluoride ion-selective electrode. Ultrasound bone densitometer was used to measure BMD (T-score). Partial correlation analysis and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the influence factors of BMD.Results:A total of 439 adult males were included in this study. Age, body mass index (BMI), UF content, and T-score of the participants were (47.99 ± 8.49) years, (25.77 ± 3.23) kg/m 2, (1.34 ± 0.74) mg/L, and-1.79 ± 0.79, respectively. Partial correlation analysis showed a significantly positive correlation between BMI and T-score after age adjustment ( r = 0.194, P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression showed that T-score decreased by 0.015 (95% CI:-0.024 -- 0.005, P < 0.05) for each 1-year increase in age and T-score increased by 0.034 (95% CI: 0.009-0.059, P < 0.05) for each 1.0 kg/m 2 increase in BMI. Interaction analysis showed that T-score was closely related to the interaction between overweight (≥24.0 kg/m 2), non-smoking, tea drinking and UF [ β (95% CI): 0.134 (0.001-0.269), 0.163 (- 0.015-0.337), 0.215 (- 0.006-0.436), P < 0.10]. Conclusions:Our findings reveal a negative correlation between age and BMD, and a positive correlation between BMI and BMD in adult males with low-to-moderate fluoride exposure in Henan Province. In addition, low-to-moderate fluoride exposure is more likely to damage the BMD of smokers.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To characterize the mortality rate of residents in Minhang District of Shanghai from January to April in 2016-2020, and to determine the change in the epidemic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in 2020. Methods:Data of mortality surveillance was collected from the death registry of Shanghai residents. Cause of death was coded and classified per the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). The standardized mortality rate was calculated based on the standard population of China in 1990. The analysis was performed by Excel 2016 and SPSS 20.0. Results:From 2016 to 2020, the average crude mortality rate of residents was 281.75/100 000 from January to April in Minhang District of Shanghai, and the standardized mortality rate was 66.57/100 000. The top five causes of death in the latest five years were cardiovascular diseases, tumor, respiratory diseases, endocrine diseases, and injury and poisoning. The mortality rate was the lowest from January to April in 2020 in the past five years; furthermore, the mortality rate of respiratory system diseases has decreased significantly. Conclusion:Sex, age, place and causes of death in residents are consistent from January to April across years in Minhang District of Shanghai. However, there are minor differences in 2020, which may be attributable to the epidemic of COVID-19.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873752

ABSTRACT

The mixed teaching model combines the advantages of traditional teaching and network teaching in the “Internet +” era, which has become one of the important trends in the higher education teaching development. In order to follow this development trend, the human parasitology teaching team makes a reasonable use of modern information techniques, actively promotes the construction and application of online resources, and conducts mixed online and offline teaching based on MOOC resources and the experimental teaching digital platform. This mixed teaching model has shown a positive impact on both teaching and learning among teachers and students; however, students’ personalized independent and deep learning remains unsatisfactory. It is suggested that the online course resources construction, teaching design and digital literacy remain to be increased, so as to create a high-level, innovative and challenging online-offline mixed “golden course”

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 224-227, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873643

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the school adaptation and behavioral performance of the first batch of students who return to school during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to provide a theoretical basis for further development of corresponding intervention measures.@*Methods@#The method of cluster sampling was adopted to conduct anonymous questionnaire survey on the first batch of college students who have returned to a certain university. The survey contents included the basic information of the students, the adaptability of the school after returning to school and the corresponding behavior performance.@*Results@#Male students reported high lever of satisfaction than female students on the dormitory environment health (t=10.28, P<0.01), but low satisfaction on school security and logistical support (t=2.26, P=0.02), rural students marked higher score than urban students for the school closed management system (t=2.82, P=0.01), in terns of school security, Logistics, the degree of school s attention to the epidemic prevention and epidemic prevention, non only-child gave high score than the only children; In terms of their own behavior, the rate of seek medical treatment immediately when they develop COVID-19 related symptoms (68.1%) was lower than that of others (81.3%)(χ 2=223.88,P<0.01);In addition, the percentage of respondents who chose to report COVID-19 related symptoms (79.5%) was lower than that of others (88.7%)(χ 2=97.49,P<0.01). A total of 2 671 college students (98.9%) were able to wear masks every day and 2 457 (90.9%) chose to improve their diet to improve their immunity.@*Conclusion@#The first batch of college students who return to school have a high level of satisfaction on school management, and can take active measures to adapt to the life back to school and commit self-protection, however targeted measures to are still needed further strengthen students health education.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898393

ABSTRACT

In genome-wide association studies, pathway-based analysis has been widely performed to enhance interpretation of single-nucleotide polymorphism association results. We proposed a novel method of hierarchical structural component model (HisCoM) for pathway analysis of common variants (HisCoM for pathway analysis of common variants [HisCoM-PCA]) which was used to identify pathways associated with traits. HisCoM-PCA is based on principal component analysis (PCA) for dimensional reduction of single nucleotide polymorphisms in each gene, and the HisCoM for pathway analysis. In this study, we developed a HisCoM-PCA software for the hierarchical pathway analysis of common variants. HisCoM-PCA software has several features. Various principle component scores selection criteria in PCA step can be specified by users who want to summarize common variants at each gene-level by different threshold values. In addition, multiple public pathway databases and customized pathway information can be used to perform pathway analysis. We expect that HisCoM-PCA software will be useful for users to perform powerful pathway analysis.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890689

ABSTRACT

In genome-wide association studies, pathway-based analysis has been widely performed to enhance interpretation of single-nucleotide polymorphism association results. We proposed a novel method of hierarchical structural component model (HisCoM) for pathway analysis of common variants (HisCoM for pathway analysis of common variants [HisCoM-PCA]) which was used to identify pathways associated with traits. HisCoM-PCA is based on principal component analysis (PCA) for dimensional reduction of single nucleotide polymorphisms in each gene, and the HisCoM for pathway analysis. In this study, we developed a HisCoM-PCA software for the hierarchical pathway analysis of common variants. HisCoM-PCA software has several features. Various principle component scores selection criteria in PCA step can be specified by users who want to summarize common variants at each gene-level by different threshold values. In addition, multiple public pathway databases and customized pathway information can be used to perform pathway analysis. We expect that HisCoM-PCA software will be useful for users to perform powerful pathway analysis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the detection of fetal copy number variations (CNVs) in addition to trisomies 21, 18, and 13.@*METHODS@#A total of 37 306 pregnant women underwent the NIPT test. For those with fetal CNVs indicated by NIPT and accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis, amniotic fluid samples were obtained for chromosomal karyotyping analysis and chromosome microarray analysis (CMA). All cases were followed up.@*RESULTS@#Among the 37 306 cases, 78 (0.209%) were predicted to have fetal CNVs. Among these, 52 pregnant women accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis, and 15 of them (28.85%) obtained a consistent result. Follow up of 26 women who refused invasive prenatal diagnosis have found 2 cases with spontaneous abortion, 2 with induced labor for fetal malformation indicated by ultrasonography, and 1 had multiple malformations and a consistent result by CMA, which yielded an abnormal rate of 19.23%.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT can signal fetal chromosomal abnormalities through detection of gain and/or loss of fetal DNA copies. Combined chromosomal karyotyping and CMA can increase the detection rate for common chromosomal aneuploidies and CNVs, thereby provide a basis for genetic counseling for the affected families.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871654

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of Sun's procedure and debranching hybrid procedure in the treatment of elderly acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.Methods:53 elderly patients(aged over 60 years old) with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection admitted to Tianjin Chest hospital from January 2017 to June 2018 were selected and divided into Sun's procedure group of 35 patients and debranching hybrid procedure group of 18 patients. The history of cerebral infarction before operation was more in the hybridization operation group than in the Sun's operation group, and the difference of other preoperative data was not statistically significant. The brain protection strategy was adopted in both groups. During Sun's procedure, bilateral anterograde cerebral perfusion and descending aorta balloon occlusion were performed to maintain the blood supply of lower limbs.And the total aortic arch and branch blood vessels were closed by stent-graft in debranching hybrid procedure.The basic data and perioperative conditions of the patients were statistically analyzed, and the postoperative results and short-term prognosis were compared between the two groups after 1 year of follow-up.Results:The hybrid group avoided circulatory arrest, and the lowest intraoperative nasopharyngeal temperature was slightly higher than that of the Sun' s group[(25.1±0.4)℃ ratio(27.7±0.6)℃)]. However, there were no significant difference in the operation time[(178.9±43.5)min ratio(166.9±95.4)min] and intraoperative blood loss[(1 724.9±1 394.2)ml ratio(1 590.7±920.5)ml] between the two groups, and no significant difference in postoperative renal failure(20% ratio 11.1%), cerebrovascular accident(cerebral infarction/cerebral hemorrhage)(11.4% ratio 5.6%), cognitive dysfunction(17.1% ratio 11.1%), ventilator assistance time[84.0(25.0, 160.0) hours ratio 61.7(17.3, 90.5) hours], ICU stay time[6.5(2.9, 14.3) days ratio 4.4(2.0, 6.1) days] and so on. There were 3 perioperative deaths in Sun's group and 2 perioperative deaths in hybrid group.The mean follow-up time of the two groups was 14.8 months. During the follow-up period of Sun's group, no new cerebrovascular event and 1 case of distal false lumen of the descending thoracic aorta active blood flow occurred and 1 case died 2 months after the operation.There was 1 case of new cerebrovascular events in hybrid group and no death. The 1-year survival rate was similar between the two groups.Conclusion:For patients over 60 years old with acute Stanford type A aortic dissection, Sun's procedure and hybrid procedure are safe and effective.

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