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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary diseases.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinico-pathological data of 2 019 patients with periampullary diseases who underwent PD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2016 to December 2020 were collected. There were 1 193 males and 826 females, aged 63(15) years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative conditions; (3) postoperative pathological examinations; (4) prognosis of patients with periampullary carcinoma. Regular follow-up was conducted by telephone interview and outpatient examination once every 3 months within the postoperative first year and once every 6 months thereafter to detect the survival of patients with periampullary carcinoma. The follow-up was up to December 2021. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(IQR) or M(range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers and (or) percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates, and Log-Rank test was used to conduct survival analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations: of 2 019 patients, 1 116 cases were admitted from 2016-2018 and 903 cases were admitted from 2019-2020. There were 1 866 cases undergoing open PD and 153 cases undergoing laparoscopic or robot-assisted PD. There were 1 049 cases under-going standard PD and 970 cases undergoing pylorus-preserved PD. There were 215 cases combined with portal mesenteric vein resection, 3 cases combined with arterial resection. The operation time of 2 019 patients was 255(104)minutes and the volume of intraoperative blood loss was 250(200)mL. The intraoperative blood transfusion rate was 31.401%(623/1 984), with the blood transfusion data of 35 cases missing. The proportions of pylorus-preservation, combination with portal mesenteric vein resection, intraoperative blood transfusion were 585 cases(52.419%), 97cases(8.692%), 384 cases(34.941%) for patients admitted in 2016-2018, versus 385 cases(42.636%), 118 cases(13.068%), 239 cases(27.006%) for patients admitted in 2019-2020, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=19.14,10.05,14.33, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative conditions: the duration of postoperative hospital stay of 2 019 patients was 13 (10) days. One of 2 019 patients lacked the data of postopera-tive complications. The overall postoperative complication rate was 45.292%(914/2 018), of which the incidence rate of grade B or C pancreatic fistula was 23.439%(473/2 018), the rate of grade B or C hemorrhage was 8.127%(164/2 018), the rate of grade B or C delayed gastric emptying was 15.312%(309/2 018), the rate of biliary fistula was 2.428%(49/2 018) and the rate of abdominal infection was 12.884%(260/2 018). The reoperation rate of 2 019 patients was 1.932%(39/2 019), the in-hospital mortality was 0.644%(13/2 019), the postoperative 30-day mortality was 1.238%(25/2 019), and the postoperative 90-day mortality was 2.675%(54/2 019). There were 541 cases(48.477%) with overall postoperative complications, 109 cases(9.767%) with grade B or C hemorr-hage, 208 cases(18.638%) with grade B or C delayed gastric emptying , 172 cases(15.412%) with abdominal infection, 39 cases(3.495%) with postoperative 90-day mortality of 1 116 patients admitted in 2016-2018. The above indicators were 373 cases(41.353%), 55 cases(6.098%), 101 cases(11.197%), 88 cases(9.756%), 15 cases(1.661%) of 902 patients admitted in 2019-2020, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between them( χ2=10.22, 9.00, 21.30, 14.22, 6.45 , P<0.05). The in-hospital mortality occurred to 11 patients(0.986%) of 1 116 patients admitted in 2016-2018 and to 2 cases(0.221%) of 903 patients admitted in 2019-2020, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Postoperative pathological examinations. Disease area of 2 019 patients reported in postoperative pathological examinations: there were 1 346 cases(66.667%) with lesions in pancreas, including 1 023 cases of carcinoma (76.003%) and 323 cases(23.997%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 250 cases(12.382%) with lesions in duodenal papilla, including 225 cases of carcinoma (90.000%) and 25 cases(10.000%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 174 cases(8.618%) with lesions in bile duct, including 156 cases of carcinoma (89.655%) and 18 cases(10.345%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 140 cases(6.934%) with lesions in ampulla, including 134 cases of carcinoma (95.714%) and 6 cases(4.286%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 91 cases(4.507%) with lesions in duodenum, including 52 cases of carcinoma (57.143%) and 39 cases(42.857%) of benign diseases or low potential malignancy. There were 18 cases(0.892%) with carcinoma in other sites. Postoperative pathological examination showed carcinoma in 1 608 cases(79.643%), benign diseases or low potential malignancy in 411 cases(20.357%). The histological types of 1 608 patients with carcinoma included adenocarcinoma in 1 447 cases (89.988%), intra-ductal papillary mucinous carcinoma in 37 cases(2.301%), adenosquamous carcinoma in 35 cases(2.177%), adenocarcinoma with other cancerous components in 29 cases(1.803%), neuroendocrine carcinoma in 18 cases(1.119%), squamous carcinoma in 1 case (0.062%), and other histological malignancies in 41 cases(2.550%). The histological types of 411 patients with benign or low poten-tial malignancy included intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm in 107 cases (26.034%), chronic or autoimmune inflammatory disease in 62 cases(15.085%), neuroendocrine tumor in 58 cases(14.112%), pancreatic serous cystadenoma in 52 cases(12.652%), pancreatic solid pseudopapillary tumor in 36 cases(8.759%), gastrointestinal stromal tumor in 29 cases(7.056%), villous ductal adenoma in 20 cases(4.866%), pancreatic mucinous cystadenoma in 2 cases(0.487%), pancreatic or duodenal trauma in 2 cases(0.487%) and other histological types in 43 cases(10.462%). (4) Prognosis of patients with periampullary carcinoma. Results of survival analysis of 1 590 patients with main locations of periampullary carcinoma showed that of 1 023 patients with pancreatic cancer, 969 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.6 months, with a median follow-up time of 30.9 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates of pancreatic cancer patients were 19.5 months [95% confidence interval ( CI) as 18.0-21.2 months], 74.28%, 29.22% and 17.92%. Of 225 patients with duodenal papillary cancer, 185 cases were followed up for 3.0-68.9 months, with a median follow-up time of 36.7 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were unreached, 94.92%, 78.87% and 66.94%. Of 156 patients with distal bile duct cancer, 110 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 25.9 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 50.6 months (95% CI as 31.4 to not reached), 90.37%, 56.11% and 48.84%. Of 134 patients with ampullary cancer, 100 cases were followed up for 3.0-67.8 months, with a median follow-up time of 28.1 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 62.4 months (95% CI as 37.8 months to not reached), 90.57%, 64.98% and 62.22%. Of 52 patients with duodenal cancer, 38 cases were followed up for 3.0-69.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 26.2 months. The median overall survival time, 1-year, 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 52.0 months (95% CI as 30.6 months to not reached), 93.75%, 62.24% and 40.01%.There was a significant difference in overall survival after PD between patients with different locations of periampullary malignancies ( χ2=163.76, P<0.05). Conclusions:PD is safe and feasible in a high-volume pancreas center, but the incidence of overall postoperative complications remains high. With the increase of PD volume, the incidence of overall postoperative complications has significantly decreased. There is a significant difference in overall survival time after PD among patients with different locations of periampullary malignancies. The 5-year survival rate after PD for duodenal papillary cancer, ampullary cancer, duodenal cancer and distal bile duct cancer is relatively high, whereas for pancreatic cancer is low.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940562

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo determine the chemical constituents of burdock (Arctium lappa) leaves, and elucidate dynamic accumulation rule of four main components, in order to provide the basis for determining the suitable harvest time of burdock leaves. MethodSilica gel, macroporous resin, Sephadex LH-20, octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica (ODS), microporous resin (MCI) column chromatography and reversed-phase preparative high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to isolate the main chemical constituents in burdock leaves. Their chemical structures were elucidated by spectroscopic techniques. HPLC-diode array detector (DAD) was used to analyze the dynamic accumulation of four components in burdock leaf. HPLC-DAD was performed on a Shim-pack GIST C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.3% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) (0-9 min, 13%A; 9-10 min, 13%-24%A; 10-30 min, 24%A), flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1, column temperature of 40 ℃, and detection wavelength at 328 nm. ResultSeventeen compounds were isolated from burdock leaves, and identified as caffeic acid (1), rutin (2), kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (3), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (4), kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (5), chlorogenic acid (6), isochlorogenic acid A (7), daucosterol (8), ursolic acid (9), anemarrhenoside B (10), (-)-secoisolariciresinol (11), vladinol D (12), melitensin (13), esculetin (14), 1-(-2-ethylphenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (15), 1-(-4-ethylphenyl)-1,2-ethanediol (16), 3-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-propanone (17). The contents of chlorogenic acid, rutin and kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside in burdock leaves showed an upward trend from April to August, and reached the highest in August. And the content of isochlorogenic acid A firstly increased and then decreased from April to August, and reached the highest in July. ConclusionCompounds 10, 12-17 were isolated from Arctium for the first time. Taking the contents of chlorogenic acid, rutin, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, and isochlorogenic acid A as indicators, considering the comprehensive development and utilization of burdock roots and leaves, it is recommended to harvest burdock leaves in mid-August.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the nature and origin of a chromosomal aberration detected in a boy with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#The proband and his parents were subjected to routine G-banded chromosomal karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the proband was determined as 46, XX, add(8)(p23). No karyotypic abnormality was detected in either of his parents. SNP-array has identified a 34.9 Mb duplication at 8p23.1q11.1 and a 6.78 Mb microdeletion at 8p23.1pter in the proband. No copy number variation was detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with 8p inverted duplication deletion syndrome, which might be induced by non-allelic homologous recombination between olfactory genes in the 8p23.1 region.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Banding , Cytogenetic Analysis , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Male
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879569

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a child with MEGDEL syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child was reviewed. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected. Mitochondrial genome and the whole exome of the child were analyzed by next-generation sequencing. Candidate variants and its origin were verified by Sanger sequencing and fluorescence quantitative PCR.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 2-year-and-6-month-old male, has featured hypoglycemia, mental and motor retardation with regression. Cranial MRI showed bilateral putamen damage suggestive of Leigh syndrome. Testing of urine organic acid indicated that the level of 3-methylpentenoic acid was slightly increased. Whole exome sequencing revealed that the child has harbored heterozygous deletion of exons 6 to 17 and c.307A>T nonsense variant of the SERAC1 gene, which were respectively inherited from his parents who were asymptomatic. Treatment with Levocarnitine, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, coenzyme Q10, baclofen and glucuronolactone resulted in improvement of sleep and mental state.@*CONCLUSION@#A case of MEGDEL syndrome without deafness was diagnosed. Discovery of the nonsense mutation and large fragment deletion have enriched the spectrum of SERAC1 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Humans , Leigh Disease , Male , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/genetics , Molecular Biology , Mutation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of 2 cases of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency in the same family to provide evidence for the precise treatment,genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.METHODS: Clinical data were collected from 2 patients with hypoglycemia encephalopathy,and molecular genetic analysis was performed using targeted capture next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: The 2 patients were siblings,the male proband was 7 years old,mainly manifested with convulsions after hunger or ingestion of a large amount of fructose,accompanied by ketoacidosis;clinical diagnosis was hypoglycemia encephalopathy,and fructose metabolism abnormalities was suspected. The younger brother was 4 years old,mainly showing hunger and sweating in the morning,stomach ache after eating fruit,and convulsion episode once after hunger. Next-generation sequencing results showed that the siblings had c.333+1_2 delinsTC and c.490 G>A compound heterozygous mutations in the FBP1 gene,and their parents were carriers with normal phenotype.The c.333+1_2 delins TCis a novel mutation,c.490 G>A is a reported pathogenic mutation,and the two patients were diagnosed with fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency genetically. CONCLUSION: For children with unexplained hypoglycemia,convulsions and metabolic acidosis,the fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency should be considered. Early genetic analysis is helpful to clarify the cause,make precise treatment and improve prognosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare magnetic solid lipid nanoparticles co-loaded quercetin and resveratrol(QR-MSLN),develop the reasonable characterization method,and investigate its inhibitory effect on transplanted hepatocarcinoma H22 tumor in mice. Method:Magnetic Fe3O4 particles coated with oleic acid(OA-Fe3O4) were synthesized and its structure was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectrometer(FT-IR).QR-MSLN was prepared by emulsion ultrasonic dispersion method,its morphology was examined by transmission electron microscopy,its particle size was determined by laser particle sizer.Concentration of Fe in the preparation was determined by phenanthroline spectrophotometry.The entrapment efficiency,saturation magnetization,in vitro release behavior were investigated by ultrafiltration centrifugation,vibrating sample magnetometer(VSM) and dialysis method,respectively.Mouse tumor model transplanted with hepatoma H22 ascites tumor was established and antitumor effect of QR-MSLN on H22 bearing mice were observed in the presence of an applied magnetic field. Result:Morphology of QR-MSLN was round,and black magnetic particles could be observed inside it,its particle size was (171.9±2.2) nm,the concentration of Fe was (1.40±0.46) g·L-1.The preparation exhibited apparent superparamagnetism and the saturation magnetization was 7.75 A·m2·kg-1.The entrapment efficiencies of quercetin and resveratrol in QR-MSLN were 99.10% and 80.83%,respectively.QR-MSLN had a significantly higher effect of tumor inhibition than SLN(containing quercetin and resveratrol) and free drug(PConclusion:QR-MSLN has uniform particle size and good magnetic response,and shows remarkable antitumor effect on H22 bearing mice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and molecular genetics features of a family affected with Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson syndrome (SBBYSS).@*METHODS@#High-throughput sequencing was used to detect copy number variations (CNVs) and pathogenic variant within the whole exome of the affected child.@*RESULTS@#No pathogenic CNV was found in the child, while exome sequencing identified a heterozygous c.3367_c.3370delAGAA (p.Arg1123Argfs*6) frameshifting variant in the exon 16 of the KAT6B gene. The same variant was not found in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.3367_c.3370delAGAA (p.R1123Rfs*6) probably underlies the disease in the affected child. Above finding has facilitated genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.


Subject(s)
Blepharophimosis , Genetics , Child , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Facies , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , Genetics , Histone Acetyltransferases , Genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Joint Instability , Genetics , Mutation , Phenotype , Pregnancy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of patient with Kleefstra syndrome 1.@*METHODS@#Clinical data, chromosomal karyotype and whole genome copy number variations (CNVs) of the patient were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to have a karyotype of 45,XX,-9[4]/46,XX,r(9)(p24q34)[56]. Whole-genome CNVs detection revealed that she has carried a heterozygous deletion of approximately 670 kb at 9q34.3, which encompassed the entire EHMT1 gene. The region is strongly associated with Kleefstra syndrome (1/9q telomere deletion). In addition, the patient also had heterozygous deletion of 9pter, which may predispose to formation of ring chromosome 9.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Kleefstra syndrome type 1 in conjunct with ring chromosome 9.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Genetics , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , Genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Ring Chromosomes
9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 240-243, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713004

ABSTRACT

@#Ethambutol(EMB)has been used as first-line antibiotics to treat tuberculosis. Side effects of ethambutol have been well documented since its original use, with the most serious one being optic neuropathy. EMB-induced optic neuropathy(EON)may be reversible in the early stages, but delayed diagnosis has been shown to result in permanent visual loss. Thus the reversibility of EON is dependent on early detection. In this review, we discuss risk factors, detection methods, treatment and prevention of EON.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702981

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factor of the morphology of unruptured intracranial aneurysms for aneurysm wall enhancement under the high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Methods From January 2015 to December 2016,the clinical and imaging data of 68 consecutive patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm (86 aneurysms) in Changhai Hospital,the Second Military Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. Vascular wall imaging technology was used to conduct aneurysm scan,and the aneurysm wall enhancement was identified by the imaging features before and after contrast enhancement. They were divided into either an enhancement group ( n=32,34 aneurysms) or a non-enhancement group (n=45,52 aneurysms) according to whether having the abnormal enhancement of aneurysm wall or not ( because some patients also have enhanced aneurysms and non-enhanced aneurysms, the number of cases of the enhanced or not was calculated seperately in both groups ) . Morphological parameters were calculated by 3D image data,including aneurysm size,ratio of height to width,volume ratio, dome-to-neck ratio, transverse length ratio, bottleneck factor, and inflow angle. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to determine the morphological influence factors of aneurysm wall enhancement. Results (1) A total of 34 (39. 5%) aneurysms had aneurysm wall enhancement and 52 (60. 5%) aneurysms did not have aneurysm wall enhancement. There were no significant differences in sex, age, hypertension,diabetes, smoking, family history of subarachnoid hemorrhage, and aneurysm site in both groups (all P>0. 05). (2) The aneurysm size,ratio of height to width,volume ratio,dome-to-neck ratio, and bottleneck factor in the enhancement group were larger than those of the non-enhancement group. There were significant differences between the 2 groups (9. 19 [6. 54,11. 04] mm vs. 5. 31 [4. 17,7. 37] mm, (1. 18 [1. 01,1. 69] vs. 0. 91 [0. 72,1. 25],(3. 62 [2. 30,4. 63] vs. 2. 18 [1. 37,2. 76],1. 52 [1. 25, 1. 99] vs. 1. 19 [1. 03,1. 51],and 1. 21 [1. 11,1. 69] vs. 1. 05 [0. 94,1. 31],all P<0. 01). The proportion of irregular morphologic aneurysms in the enhancement group was higher than that in the non-enhancement group. There was significant difference between the 2 groups (55. 9% [19/34] vs. 17. 3% [9/52],P<0. 01 ) . There were no significant differences in transverse length ratio and inflow angle between the 2 groups (all P>0. 05). (3) Because the ratio of height to width,volume ratio,dome-to-neck ratio,and bottleneck factor were related to the aneurysm size,the aneurysm size,inflow angle,and irregular shape were included in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. The results showed that aneurysm size ( OR,3. 727,95%CI 1. 933-6. 971,P<0. 01) and irregular shape (OR,3. 990,95%CI 1. 219-13. 065,P=0. 022) were the independent risk factors for aneurysm wall enhancement. Conclusions The size and irregular shape of unruptured intracranial aneurysms are the independent risk factors for aneurysm wall enhancement. High-resolution magnetic resonance wall imaging may become an effective and noninvasive imaging method for evaluating the ruptured risk of intracranial aneurysms.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664334

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment of distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Methods From January 2009 to December 2016,the medical records of 13 consecutive patients with distal middle cerebral artery aneurysm (a total of 14 aneurysms)were reviewed and enrolled. Endovascular treatment included coils,coils with liquid embolic materials,or using liquid embolic material alone for embolization of aneurysms or occlusion of parent arteries. The immediate outcome of aneurysm treatment was evaluated by Raymond classification,and the clinical prognosis was evaluated by the modified Rankin scale (mRS). DSA was use to conduct imaging follow-up study and was compared with the immediate treatment outcome in order to determine whether the aneurysms recurred or not. Results Of the 13 patients,8 were males,with an average age of 40 ±14 years. The maximum diameter of aneurysm was 1. 0 -12. 0 mm,the median size was 4. 5 mm. Fourteen aneurysms were successfully treated by endovascular treatment,4 of them were embolized,and the parent aneurysms were retained;10 aneurysms and parent arteries were occluded. Twelve aneurysms did not develop immediately after operation,and 2 of them had residual aneurysms. No new nerve dysfunction and related complications were found after endovascular treatment. The clinical follow-up period was 9 -96 months,and the median time was 30. 9 months. Twelve aneurysms were followed up for 6 -24 months with a median time of 15. 2 months. No recurrence of aneurysms were observed. Conclusions Using endovascular treatment technology for the treatment of distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms is safe and effective. It can be considered in the development of treatment programs.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663245

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application value of Smart Mask technology guiding micro-catheter in place for intracranial aneurysm embolization in endovascular interventional treatment. Methods The DSA data of 61 consecutive patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm in the Department Neurosurgery,Changhai Hospital,the Second Military Medical University from August 5 to December 20,2016 were collected retrospectively. The conditions of the guildewire catheter reaching the aneurysms and the coil embolization in the Smart Mask technology group (n = 31)and conventional road map group (n = 30)were compared. The observation indexes included the differences in contrast agent dosage,exposure time,and operation time. Results The contrast agent dosage of the Smart Mask technology group and road map technology group were 192 ± 37 and 215 ± 40 ml respectively,the X-ray illumination quantity were 5913 ±1682 and 6975 ±2036 mGy respectively,and the operation time were 2. 62 ± 0. 29 h and 2. 94 ± 0. 35 h respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Using Smart Mask technology to assist endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms can effectively shorten the operation time,reduce the amount of X-ray radiation and contrast agent,and reduce the risk of operation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619188

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a comprehensive,simple,and effective scoring model for predicting the recurrence risk after endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms in order to assess the possibility of recurrence and to provide guidance for the selection of surgical protocols and postoperative management.Methods From May 2012 to May 2014,434 patients (441 aneurysms) with intracranial aneurysm treated with endovascular embolization at the Department of Neurosurgery,Changhai Hospital,the Second Military Medical University were enrolled retrospectively,and they were used as a modeling group.After modeling,109 patients (109 aneurysms) were used as a validation group.In the modeling cohort,a predictive scoring model of recurrence risk was established according to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis;the model was validated in the validation cohort.According to the scoring model of the modeling group,the scoring table of best cut-off value of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was divided into a low-risk and a high-risk of recurrence.The recurrence risk score model was compared with the North America aneurysm recanalization stratification scale (ARSS) model,and Raymond grade.Results Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the 3 factors included in the scores and finally,a established scoring model of recurrence risk prediction were non-stent assisted embolization (1 point),Raymond grade ≥Ⅱ (1 point),and the size of aneurysm (aneurysm >25 mm[3 points)],aneurysm 10-25 mm[1 point],and aneurysm <10 mm[0 point]).The validation indicated that the scoring system had higher predictive value (AUC=0.738,95%CI 0.641-0.834,P<0.05) and goodness of fit (Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2=2.109,P=0.146).The scoring table was further divided into the low-risk recurrence (0-1 point) and high-risk recurrence (2-5 points),its sensitivity was 72.73% (48/66) and specificity was 68.80% (258/375).The predictive ability of the aneurysm recurrence risk score model was similar to that of the ARSS score (χ2=0.54,P=0.462),and it was better than the Raymond grade (χ2=15.10,P<0.01).Conclusion The established simple aneurysm recurrence risk predicting score model in this study may accurately predict the recurrence of aneurysms,however,a multicenter,large sample prospective study is needed for further validation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618594

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the impact of patient controlled epidural analgesia with patient controlled intravenous analgesia on postoperative recovery and complications in patients undergoing laparotomy pancreatic surgeries.Methods Forty patients undergoing pancreatic surgeries, 27 males and 13 females, aged 18-70 years, ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, were randomly divided into two groups (n=20 each).Patients in group E received T8-9 or T9-10 epidural block, 2% lidocaine test dose was given to ensure the location of epidural catheter, after that, each patient in group E was given 0.375% ropivacaine 5 ml into epidural space before skin incising and incision closures.Meanwhile, patients in groups E and V received propofol-sevoflurane combined intravenous inhalation anesthesia.After surgery, patients in group E received patient controlled epidural analgesia while patients in group V received patient controlled vein analgesia.Length of hospital stay, time to ambulation and exhaust defecation were recorded.Other complications were compared.Results Compared to group V, patients in group E showed earlier ambulation [(50.4±4.2) h vs (64.2±5.0) h, P<0.01], shorter hospital stays [(18.5±8.5) d vs (21.5±6.8) d, P<0.05].There was no statistically significant difference in flatus time between the two groups [(39.7±4.1) h vs (39.5±8.4) h].There was no significant difference in complications between the two groups.Conclusion The present study shows that for patients undergoing pancreatic surgeries, patient controlled epidural analgesia could effectively release post-operative pain, shorten the ambulation time and length of hospital stay with no extra complications.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487589

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the risk factors for influencing recrudescence after endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms and to establish a regression model to predict the risk of recrudescence in patients with specific intracranial aneurysm after endovascular embolization. Methods From May 2012 to May 2014,429 patients (a total of 441 aneurysms)with intracranial saccular aneurysm who met the inclusion criteria and treated with endovascular embolization at the Cerebrovascular Treatment Center, Changhai Hospital,the Second Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Multiple aneurysms were calculated separately according to per aneurysm. The aneurysms were divided into either a recurrent group (n = 66)or an unrecurrent group (n = 375)according to whether they had recrudescence or not. The differences of 11 factors such as clinical features,treatment technology and materials,and aneurysm anatomy of both groups were compared. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for recrudescence after endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms,and its effectiveness of predicting recrudescence was evaluated. Results There were significant differences in the size of aneurysms (χ2 = 46. 352,P 10 -25 mm)(OR,4. 914,95% CI 2. 277 -10. 604,P 25 mm)(OR,35. 743,95% CI 3. 511 -363. 837,P = 0. 003) were the risk factors for recrudescence after aneurysm embolization. The effective test results of the regression model in predicting recrudescence showed that the area under the curve of the recrudescence predicting model was 73. 5% . Raymond grade was 56. 6%,and the non -stent embolization was 60. 1%,and the size of aneurysms was 40. 3% . Z test was used to calculate the differences of recurrent scores and non-stent embolization,Raymond grade,the area under ROC curve of aneurysm size. The Z values were 2. 662, 3. 513,and 6. 308,respectively,and the P values were 0. 007,0. 004,and 0. 001,respectively. Conclusions Large or giant aneurysms,non - stent - assisted embolization,incomplete embolization immediately after procedure were associated with the recrudescence after endovascular embolization of intracranial aneurysms. The established regression model may reflect the size of the recurrent risk.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 222-226, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490641

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of risk factors associated with hemodynamics in patients with intracranial artery stenosis.Methods Eighteen patients with local stenosis of middle cerebral artery were recruited in this study retrospectively.According to patients′clinical symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging findings, they were divided into the symptomatic group (n=13) and the asymptomatic group (n=5).Wall shear stress ( WSS) , oscillatory shear index ( OSI) , velocity and pressure of the stenotic artery wall were compared between the two groups after reconstructing 3-dimentional model of hemodynamics.Then related risk factors of hemodynamics were analyzed in symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.Results There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in the parameters such as age, sex, degree of artery stenosis, mean arterial pressure and some medical histories of hypertension and diabetes.The results showed obvious changes of hemodynamics in local artery stenosis.The WSS(78.69(68.15,117.65) Pa vs 39.34(22.76,60.54) Pa,U=4,P=0.003), pressure of the stenotic artery wall (1 815.14(1 242.44,4 398.84) Pa vs 735.55(361.17,1 528.78) Pa,U =7,P=0.010)and velocity of the local stenosis(3.87(2.58, 4.52) m/s vs 2.31(1.38,3.12) m/s,U=12,P=0.046) in the symptomatic group were much higher than those in the asymptomatic group; however, there were no significant differences between the two groups in OSI.Conclusions Hemodynamic features do exist in local intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.The WSS, wall pressure and velocity of the local stenosis may be vital risk factors associated with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 690-695, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328173

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe, debilitating, and complex psychiatric disorder with multiple causative factors. An increasing number of studies have determined that rare variations play an important role in its etiology. A somatic mutation is a rare form of genetic variation that occurs at an early stage of embryonic development and is thought to contribute substantially to the development of SCZ. The aim of the study was to explore the novel pathogenic somatic single nucleotide variations (SNVs) and somatic insertions and deletions (indels) of SCZ.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One Chinese family with a monozygotic (MZ) twin pair discordant for SCZ was included. Whole exome sequencing was performed in the co-twin and their parents. Rigorous filtering processes were conducted to prioritize pathogenic somatic variations, and all identified SNVs and indels were further confirmed by Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One somatic SNV and two somatic indels were identified after rigorous selection processes. However, none was validated by Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study is not alone in the failure to identify pathogenic somatic variations in MZ twins, suggesting that exonic somatic variations are extremely rare. Further efforts are warranted to explore the potential genetic mechanism of SCZ.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Exome , Humans , Male , Mutation , Schizophrenia , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Twins, Monozygotic , Genetics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465038

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of the arterial wall imaging technology of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging ( HR-MRI) in the risk assessment of intracranial aneurysm rupture. Methods Fifty-four patients with 66 intracranial aneurysms underwent 3. 0 T HR-MRI multiple sequences arterial wall imaging from November 2013 to March 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Five patients with ruptured aneurysm were used as a control group. The characteristic differences of aneurysm lesions between an unruptured intracranial aneurysm ( UIA) wall enhancement group and a non-enhancement group were compared. The risk factors for rupture were analyzed according to the size,location, and basic clinical characteristics of aneurysm. Results (1) HR-MRI revealed that whether the aneurysm walls enhanced or not,there were no significant differences in the location size,wide-necked aneurysm or not,and ratios of aneurysm height and neck width (all P >0. 05). (2) The enhancement rates of the aneurysm volume <2 group and ≥2 group were 20%(8/40) and 61. 9%(13/21) respectively,the incidence of the ruptured aneurysm asci was higher than that of UIA,and there was significant difference ( all P<0. 05). There were no significant differences in neck width,rate of aneurysm volume,ratios of aneurysm height and neck width,and enhancement rates among the groups. Conclusion The preliminary results of this study have showed that there is a related trend between the HR-MRI aneurysm wall enhancement and the risk of rupture,but a further large sample follow-up study is needed.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 670-672,676, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601535

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of 14-3-3ε protein in the bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) and to explore its association with the clinicopathologic features.Methods The bladder urothelial carcinoma samples were divided into three groups:normal control group of 10 cases,low-grade malignant BUC group of 25cases (includes 5 cases of papilloma,10 cases of PUNLMP and 10 cases of low grade non-invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma),high-grade malignant BUC group of 21 cases (includes 11 cases of high-grade non invasive papillary urothelial carcinoma and 10cases of infiltrating carcinoma).The expression and location of 14-3-3ε in three groups were detected by immunohistochemical EnVision and the relationship with clinicopathologic parameters was analyzed.Results 14-3-3ε expression was observed in the cytoplasm of the cell.The expression of 14-3-3ε in normal control group was 90 % (9/10),low-grade malignant BUC group was 72.0 % (18/25),high grade malignant BUC group was 14.3 % (3/21).It correlated with histological grading but had not showed correlation with other clinicopathologic parameters.There was significant difference in 14-3-3ε expression between the high grade malignant BUC group and the low-grade malignant BUC group,the high grade malignant BUC group and norml control group (all P < 0.05).Conclusions 14-3-3ε plays an important role in carcinogenesis of BUC.It may be a biomarker for early diagnosis and classification of BUC and shows promise for clinic application.

20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 350-353, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466963

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG) and c-myc gene in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL),its relationship with NHL and its clinical significance.Methods PTTG mRNA and c-myc mRNA levels in bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMMNC) isolated from 38 NHL patients and 10 chronic lymphadenitis patients were quantified by reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).Results mRNA expression of PTTG and c-myc gene in BMMNC was significantly higher in NHL patients than those in normal controls (PTTG:0.567 7±0.270 7 vs 0.071 2± 0.020 1,t =4.706,P < 0.05; c-myc:0.352 6±0.185 4 vs 0.107 3±0.043 5,t =3.303,P =0.002).The expression of PTTG and c-myc gene in peripheral T cell lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma showed no significant difference (PTTG:0.556 8±0.211 3 vs 0.602 8±0.244 6,t =0.640,P =0.527; c-myc:0.350 1± 0.177 6 vs 0.361 0±0.190 2,t =0.302,P =0.765).Both expression of PTTG and c-myc were positively related to NHL clinical stage and IPI.Expression of PTTG mRNA was positively related to the expression of c-myc mRNA.Conclusion There was overexpression of PTTG and c-myc in NHL,which indicates that PTTG might be involved in tumorigenesis of NHL through direct or indirect activation of c-myc oncogene.

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