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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883920

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of iron overload on the cognitive function of rats and its possible internal mechanism.Methods:Thirty 8-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats of SPF degree were randomly divided into 2 groups, iron overload group(IO group) and control group(Sham group), with 15 in each group.The rats in IO group were injected intraperitoneally iron dextran(100 mg/(kg·d)) for 28 days.The cognitive function of rats was detected by Morris water maze method. Western blot method was used to detect the expression of TfR1 and autophagy-related protein p-AMPK, LC3 and Beclin1 in the hippocampus of rats. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the expression of LC3 and Beclin1 in the hippocampus of rats. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of neurons in the hippocampus. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the number of autophagosomes and the morphology of endoplasmic reticulum in hippocampus.The software of SPSS 20.0 was used for repeated measurement ANOVA and t-test. Results:Morris water maze test showed that there were significant interaction between the group factor and training time factor of escape latency( F=3.55, P<0.01). And the simple effect analysis showed that compared with the Sham group((28.09±18.41)s, (21.42±15.53)s, (16.96±8.35)s, (10.24±3.75)s), the average escape latency of rats(2nd-5th day) in IO group((56.68±30.65)s, (58.21±36.09)s, (36.58±13.54)s, (27.29±14.30)s )were significantly longer ( t=8.57, 6.81, 9.51, 7.12, P<0.01). The platform was removed on 6th day of the space exploration experiment, compared with the Sham group ((41.89±3.89)%), the percentage of time spent in the target quadrant of IO group ((25.46±3.56)%) was significantly decreased( t=24.06, P<0.01). Western blot showed that the relative expression levels of (TfR1 (2.10±0.48), p-AMPK (0.74±0.10), LC3 (1.11±0.40), Beclin1 (1.05±0.20)) in IO group in the hippocampus of the rats were significantly higher than those of the Sham group(TfR1(0.11±0.18), p-AMPK(0.19±0.02), LC3(0.22±0.11), Beclin1(0.17±0.02))( t=1.58, 14.58, 10.06, 20.65, P<0.01)). HE staining showed that compared with the Sham group, the neuron in the hippocampus of the IO group were sparsely arranged, morphologically irregular, and the number of the neurons was significantly reduced. Transmission electron microscopy showed that compared with the Sham group, the number of autophagosomes in the hippocampus of IO group was increased. Conclusion:Iron overload may exert its neurotoxic effect by increasing the level of autophagy in the hippocampus, causing cognitive dysfunction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 157-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the manifestations of liver injury in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to investigate the prognosis indicators of the disease, and to provide the reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:From January 10 to February 14, 2020, at Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, the data of 333 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 were collected. The changes of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), indirect bilirubin (IBil) and albumin of the first liver function test after admission and the reexaminations of liver function test during hospitalization period in patients with liver injury were retrospectively analyzed. Student t test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Liver injury occurred in 39.6% (132/333) of COVID-19 patients. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of liver injury between patients in intensive care unit (ICU) and in general ward (45.6%, 26/57 vs. 38.4%, 106/276; χ2=1.026, P>0.05). 67.4% (89/132) of COVID-19 patients with liver injury presented with increased ALT or AST level on admission. During hospitalization, the level of ALT was higher than that of the first examination after admission ((60.28±50.44) U/L vs. (42.25±32.21) U/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-3.230, P<0.05). The levels of ALT and AST of 71.2% (94/132) patients were both <80 U/L, which indicated that most of the patients showed mild liver injury. The patients with elevated level of TBil, DBil and IBil accounted for 3.9% (13/333), 5.4% (18/333) and 2.4% (8/333) of the COVID-19 patients, respectively. The albumin level of COVID-19 patients with liver injury during hospitalization was lower than that of the first examination after admission ((31.8±5.1) g/L vs. (33.7±5.4) g/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.712, P<0.05). The albumin levels at first examination on admission and reexamination during hospitalization of patients in ICU were both significantly lower than those of patients in general ward ((29.3±3.7) g/L vs. (34.8±5.1) g/L and (27.6±2.8) g/L vs. (32.9±5.1) g/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.928 and 4.783, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of liver injury in COVID-19 patients is high. A slight increase in aminotransferase levels is particularly common. Bilirubin abnormality is relatively rare and mild. The level of albumin may be one of the indicators for the severity and prognosis of COVID-19.

3.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1095-1098, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752499

ABSTRACT

Objective ToevaluatethevalueofMRDKIandDWIindiagnosingendometrialcarcinomaandevaluatingitspathologicalgrade. Methods TheDKIandDWIdataof48patientswithendometrialcarcinomaand27patientswithnormalendometrium wereanalyzed retrospectively.Thevaluesofmeankurtosis (MK),meandiffusion (MD)andADCinendometrialcarcinomaandnormalendometrium were measuredrespectively.Thesimilaritiesanddifferencesoftheparametersbetweentheendometrialnormalgroup(G0)andtheendometrialcarcinoma group (G1,G2,G3)werecomparedandanalyzed.TheROCcurvewasemployedtoevaluatethediagnosticefficacyandthresholdof eachparameter.P earson correlation wasappliedtoanalyzethecorrelationbetweeneachparametervalueandpathologicalgrade.Results The MK valuesincreasedgradually,meanwhiletheMDandADCvaluesdecreasedgraduallyinG0,G1,G2andG3groups.ExceptforMDand ADCvaluesbetweenG0andG1groups,othervalueswerestatisticallysignificantdifferent(P<0.05)betweendifferentgroups.In differentiatingoftheG0/(G1+G2+G3),G0/G1,G1/G2,G2/G3,theMKvalueshadthehighestdiagnosticefficacy(AUC=09.2,07.6,09.0,0.96, P<0 .05 ).M oreover ,in the correlation of pathological grading ,M K>M D>A D C (r=0 .850 ,0 .781 ,0 .709 ,P<0 .05 ).Conclusion Both DKIandDWIcandiagnoseandevaluatepathologicalgradeofendometrialcarcinoma.ComparedwithDWI,DKIembracesmoreperfectmathematical modelandmoresensitiveparameters,andcanbeusedasaneffectivemethodtoevaluatethepathophysiologicalfeaturesofendometrialcarcinoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775892

ABSTRACT

Professor - has gradually improved the clinical application of channel palpation treatment based on his more than 50 years clinical practice, and has accumulated rich experience in acupuncture treatment of polymyalgia rheumatica. He believes that "wind, cold and dampness" are the external causes of the disease, physical factors, uncomfortable mood and uncontrolled diet are the internal causes. The meridian-collateral theory is utilized in the diagnosis and detection of the disorders of , and meridians, internal and external causes are solved by expelling the wind, warming the channel to eliminate the coldness, transforming the dampness to relieve pain and regulating the activity. Three cases of clinical application on polymyalgia rheumatica were included in this paper.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Palpation , Polymyalgia Rheumatica
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861503

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the value of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in evaluation of histological classification and grading of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods DKI and IVIM data of 60 patients with cervical cancer were retrospectively analyzed, and MK, MD, D, D* and f values were measured. The differences of the parameters between cervical squamous cell carcinoma group (n=38) and cervical adenocarcinoma group (n=22) were analyzed, as well as among different graded subgroups. The diagnostic efficiency of each parameter was evaluated with ROC curve, the correlations between the parameters and pathological grades were analyzed using Spearman method. Results MK of cervical squamous cell carcinoma group was higher than that of cervical adenocarcinoma group, while MD, D, D* and f were lower than those of cervical adenocarcinoma group (all P<0.05). In both groups, the differences of MK, MD and D were statistically significant among different subgroups (all P<0.05), while in cervical adenocarcinoma group, the differences of f were also statistically significant among different subgroups (all P<0.05). MK had the highest AUC in diagnosing cervical squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.Except for D*, there was correlation between other parameters and pathological grade (all P<0.05). Conclusion Compared with IVIM, DKI can more effectively evaluate cervical squamous cell carcinoma and cervical adenocarcinoma and their pathological grading.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706252

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of multiple model parameters of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in differential diagnosis of cervical carcinoma and its pathological types.Methods IVIM images of 33 patients with cervical cancer (cervical cancer group) and 30 patients with normal cervix (normal group) were retrospectively analyzed.The monoexponential model parameters (ADC-stand),biexponential model parameters (ADC-slow,ADC-fast,f) and stretched-exponential model values (distributed diffusion coefficient [DDC],α) were measured,respectively.Then the parameters were compared among the two groups,as well as among different pathological types and different pathological grades of cervical cancer.The thresholds and diagnostic efficiency of the parameter values were evaluated with ROC curve.Results ADC-stand,ADC-slow,f,DDC and α values of cervical cancer group were lower than those of normal group (all P<0.05).The area under the ROC curve of ADC-stand,ADC-slow,DDC,f and a values in diagnosis of cervical cancer was 0.93,0.94,0.96,0.94 and 0.93 (all P<0.05),and the diagnostic thresholds were 1.03 × 10-3 mm2/s,0.99 × 10-3mm2/s,30.50%,1.21 × 10-3 mm2/s and 0.699,respectively.ADC-stand,ADC-slow and DDC values in cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients were lower than those of cervical adenocarcinoma patients (all P<0.05).The area under the ROC curve of ADC-stand,ADC-slow and DDC values in differential diagnosis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and cervical adenocarcinoma was 0.98,0.91 and 0.98 (all P<0.05),the diagnostic thresholds were 1.11 × 10-3 mm2/s,0.81×10-3 mm2/s and 0.98 × 10-3 mm2/s,respectively.There was no significant difference of the parameters among high,moderate,low differentiation of cervical squamous cell carcinoma.Conclusion Multiple model parameters of IVIM can quantitatively reflect the histological features of cervical cancer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 609-612,616, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706375

ABSTRACT

Purpose To explore the application of single index,double exponential and tensile density index model diffusion weighted imaging and other parameters on endometrial carcinoma diagnosis to offer new ideas for it.Materials and Methods Intravoxel incoherent motion imaging data of 28 endometrial carcinoma patients and 24 patients of normal endometrium were analyzed retrospectively.Single index,double exponential and DWI parameter of endometrial carcinoma tissue and normal endometrial tissue were measured respectively,including standard apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC-stand),slow apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC-slow),fast apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC-fast,perfusion fraction (f),distributed diffusion coefficient (DDC) and a.Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was adopted to assess threshold value and diagnostic efficiency of each parameter,and analyzed difference among each parameter in two groups and relativity of each parameter in the same group.Results ADC-stand,ADC-slow,f,DDC and a in endometrial carcinoma group were all lower than those in normal endometrium group.The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The difference of ADC-fast was not statistically significant (P>0.05).Areas of ADC-stand and ADC-slow on ROC curve were 0.949 and 0.911 respectively,and threshold values were 1.245×10-3 mm2/s and 0.998× 10-3 mm2/s.ADC-stand in endometrial carcinoma group was positive correlated with ADC-slow and DDC value (r=0.787 and 0.880,P<0.05).ADC-slow was significantly lower than ADC-stand (P<0.05).Conclusion The differences in single index,double exponential and DWI can provide new ideas for endometrial carcinoma diagnosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1693-1699, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243679

ABSTRACT

The development of genome editing techniques based on CRISPR (Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-Cas9 system has revolutionized biomedical researches. It can be utilized to edit genome sequence in almost any organisms including Caenorhabditis elegans, one of the most convenient and classic genetic model animals. The application of CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing in C. elegans promotes the functional analysis of gene and proteins under many physiological conditions. In this mini-review, we summarized the development of CRISPR-Cas9-based genome editing in C. elegans.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331081

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of telbivudine (LdT) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and HBV-related liver cirrhosis (LC) and to observe the changes of immunological responses during LdT treatment. Clinical data of 80 CHB and 28 HBV-related LC patients who were administered with LdT for 108 weeks and followed up were retrospectively analyzed. The liver function indicators including ALT, AST and γ-GT, HBV DNA copy number in serum and the rates of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion were analyzed before and 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96 and 108 weeks after LdT treatment in CHB and LC groups. Four serum fibrosis-related markers, including hyaluronic acid (HA), human laminin (LN), human type IV collagen (IV-C) and human N-terminal procollagen III peptide (PC-III), were detected before and after LdT treatment in LC group. The results showed favorable viral suppression and biochemical responses after treatment with LdT for 12 weeks, and a high rate of virological and biochemical control was maintained during the course of 108-week treatment in both CHB and LC groups. The four fibrosis-related markers, especially HA and LN, were down-regulated to some degrees in LC group. Moreover, LdT treatment led to the fluctuation of the circulating interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels at different time points in CHB group. It was concluded that LdT could favorably lead to the virological suppression and biochemical remission. Besides, IFN-γ and IL-10 may represent a suitable and effective predictor of responsiveness during LdT therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Thymidine , Therapeutic Uses
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636996

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of telbivudine (LdT) in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and HBV-related liver cirrhosis (LC) and to observe the changes of immunological responses during LdT treatment. Clinical data of 80 CHB and 28 HBV-related LC patients who were administered with LdT for 108 weeks and followed up were retrospectively analyzed. The liver function indicators including ALT, AST and γ-GT, HBV DNA copy number in serum and the rates of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion were analyzed before and 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, 96 and 108 weeks after LdT treatment in CHB and LC groups. Four serum fibrosis-related markers, including hyaluronic acid (HA), human laminin (LN), human type IV collagen (IV-C) and human N-terminal procollagen III peptide (PC-III), were detected before and after LdT treatment in LC group. The results showed favorable viral suppression and biochemical responses after treatment with LdT for 12 weeks, and a high rate of virological and biochemical control was maintained during the course of 108-week treatment in both CHB and LC groups. The four fibrosis-related markers, especially HA and LN, were down-regulated to some degrees in LC group. Moreover, LdT treatment led to the fluctuation of the circulating interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels at different time points in CHB group. It was concluded that LdT could favorably lead to the virological suppression and biochemical remission. Besides, IFN-γ and IL-10 may represent a suitable and effective predictor of responsiveness during LdT therapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423904

ABSTRACT

Vascular cognitive impaiment (VCI) refers to a large class of clinical syndromes caused by vascular risk factors,obvious or not obvious cerebrovascular diseases from mild cognitive impairment to dementia.Looking for a physiologically controllable and repeatable animal model is critical for the systematic research of the VCI pathophysiological processes and the evaluation of new treatment methods.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 353-358, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284167

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF 165) gene on vascularization of dermal substitute in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in M199 medium containing FBS in the volume fraction of 10% (briefly called complete medium). (1) HUVECs were divided into non-transfection group (without transfection), empty vector group [transfected with pIRES2-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) plasmid], and VEGF plasmid group (transfected with pIRES2-EGFP-VEGF plasmid) according to the random number table, with 6 wells in each group. At post transfection hour (PTH) 24, the expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in each group was observed under inverted phase contrast fluorescence microscope, and the expression rate of GFP was detected with flow cytometer. Cells in non-transfection group were tested with the same methods as listed above. The cells in stable transfection in empty vector group and VEGF plasmid group were sifted by neomycin. The mRNA and protein expression levels of VEGF 165 in cells and the protein amount of VEGF 165 in the supernatant of cell culture medium in 3 groups were respectively determined by real-time fluorescent quantitation PCR, Western blotting, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (2) Forty-eight male nude mice were divided into 4 groups according to the random number table, with 12 mice in each group. Mice in saline group were subcutaneously implanted with dermal substitutes which had been cultured in saline for 2 days on both sides of back (the same site below); mice in medium group were subcutaneously implanted with dermal substitutes which had been cultured in complete medium for 2 days; mice in non-transfected cells group were subcutaneously implanted with dermal substitutes that had been cultured in complete medium with non-transfected HUVECs for 2 days; mice in transfected cells group were subcutaneously implanted with dermal substitutes that had been cultured in complete medium with HUVECs stably transfected with VEGF plasmid for 2 days. The dermal substitutes in every group were taken out on post operation day (POD) 3, 7, 14, and 21. Distributions of microvessels and HUVECs in dermal substitutes were observed by immunohistochemical staining, and the microvessel number was counted on POD 14; the expression level of VEGF 165 protein in dermal substitutes was determined by Western blotting. The experiments were all done in triplicate. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance and LSD method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Obvious green fluorescence was only observed in the two groups with transfected cells at PTH 24. Expression rates of GFP in the cells of non-transfection group, empty vector group, and VEGF plasmid group were respectively 0, (85.2 ± 3.2) %, and (93.1 ± 2.4) %. In the non-transfection group, empty vector group, and VEGF plasmid group, the relative expression amounts of VEGF 165 mRNA were respectively 1, 1.05 ± 0.09, and 3.02 ± 0.13 (F = 5.28, P < 0.05); the relative expression amounts of VEGF 165 protein were respectively 0.78 ± 0.16, 0.76 ± 0.13, and 1.92 ± 0.18 (F = 7.62, P < 0.05); the protein quantity of VEGF 165 in cell supernatant was respectively (62.4 ± 2.7), (73.1 ± 3.8), (117.5 ± 3.1) pg/mL (F = 15.08, P < 0.05). The mRNA and protein levels of VEGF 165 and VEGF 165 protein amount in supernatant were significantly higher in VEGF plasmid group than in the other two groups, with P values all below 0.05. (2) The number of HUVECs in dermal substitutes of transfected cells group was significantly higher than that of the other three groups on POD 14. The numbers of microvessels of dermal substitutes on POD 14 in saline group, medium group, non-transfected cells group, transfected cells group were respectively 4.2 ± 1.1, 5.2 ± 1.1, 6.6 ± 0.9, 13.8 ± 0.8 per 200 times visual field (F = 17.96, P < 0.01). The microvessel number in transfected cells group was significantly higher than that of the other three groups, with P values all below 0.05. The relative expression ratio of VEGF 165 protein of dermal substitutes in transfected cells group was significantly higher than that in saline group as of POD 7. On POD 14 and 21, the relative expression ratios of VEGF 165 proteins in non-transfected cells group (1.652 ± 0.086, 2.152 ± 0.062) and transfected cells group (2.403 ± 0.091, 2.879 ± 0.047) were significantly higher than those of saline group (1.299 ± 0.027, 1.362 ± 0.103), with P values all below 0.05. And the index level of transfected cells group was significantly higher than that in non-transfected cells group (with P values below 0.05). The VEGF 165 protein content in dermal substitutes increased with time extension in all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transfection of VEGF 165 gene in HUVEC could effectively facilitate vascularization of dermal substitutes in vivo by high expression of VEGF 165 protein.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Dermis , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Nude , Plasmids , Transfection , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285193

ABSTRACT

Mugwort leaf is the traditional herb being used for moxibustion. Although its place of production and the course of making Mugwort floss have been described in detail, there is no unified standard about the quality and processing of Mugwort floss until now, which seriously affect on the popularity and application of moxibustion. In accordance with the real herb of Mugwort leaf and floss as well as its processing and quality judgment, this paper thoroughly analyze the related data including ancient documents, modern research results and clinical applications. The authors consider that the Mugwort floss in the market is lack of regulations for its processing, and it needs to be discussed the way to judge the quality of Mugwort leaf by volatile oil, suggesting that the further study on the quality control of Mugwort leaf and floss has to be carried out from multiple aspects, such as physical attributes and chemical characteristics.


Subject(s)
Artemisia , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Moxibustion , Reference Standards , Oils, Volatile , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Quality Control
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1095-1101, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344051

ABSTRACT

The global metabolite profiles of endogenous compounds of Wistar rats from 12 to 20 weeks old were investigated to take deep insight into and get better understanding of the pathogenesis of development and aging. Plasma from Wistar rats at 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20 weeks old were analyzed using GC/TOFMS. Multivariate data analysis was then used to process the metabonomic data which indicated excellent separation between different weeks and showed that the metabolic profiles of the samples changed with age, enabling age-related metabolic trajectories to be visualized. Decreased concentrations of citric acid, cis-aconitic acid, 9-(z)-hexadecenoic acid along with increased levels of hexanedioic acid, alpha-tocopherol, 3-indole propionic acid, etc contributed to the separation. Several major metabolic pathways were identified to be involved in metabolic regulation. This suggests that GC/TOFMS-based metabonomics is a powerful alternative approach to identifying potential biomarkers and investigating the physiological developments of aging and it is important to employ suitable age-match control group in metabonomic study of physiological monitoring, drug safety assessment, and disease diagnosis, etc.


Subject(s)
Aconitic Acid , Blood , Adipates , Blood , Aging , Blood , Physiology , Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, Gas , Methods , Citric Acid , Blood , Indoles , Blood , Male , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Multivariate Analysis , Palmitic Acids , Blood , Propionates , Blood , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Methods , alpha-Tocopherol , Blood
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 697-700, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280598

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of urinary kallidinogenase on subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbits symptomatic cerebral vasospasm model was built though Endo method, among the 40 rabbits, 8 died or had severe nervous system syndrome, the other 32 were randomly divided into 4 groups:group A, control group, injection of normal saline to the cisterna magna;group B, subarachnoid hemorrhage;group C, injection of human urinary tissue kallikreins;group D, treated with Nimodipine. The behavior scores, neurological scores and cerebral angiography changes were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Food intake obviously decreased and neurological deficit were seen in group B, while which were attenuated in group C and group D, and group A was normal. Comparing the diameter of basilar artery was (1.9 +/- 0.3) mm before SAH, the diameter of group B 4 d later was (1.5 +/- 0.3) mm, 7 d later (1.4 +/- 0.3) mm, the difference was significant (P < 0.05). Comparing with group C on the day 4th and 7th, the diameters of basilar artery were significantly different (P < 0.001). Comparing with group D on the day 4th, 7th and 14th, there was no obvious improvement.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Urinary kallidinogenase and Nimodipine can obviously alleviate symptomatic cerebral vasospasm in rabbits remarkably, but the former's effect of attenuating vasospasm is better than that of Nimodipine.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Humans , Male , Nimodipine , Therapeutic Uses , Rabbits , Random Allocation , Tissue Kallikreins , Therapeutic Uses , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Vasospasm, Intracranial , Drug Therapy
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