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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1271-1275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990329

ABSTRACT

Sufficient and organized sleep is a key factor during the developmental process of infancy while disrupted sleep schedule and diseases might lead to sleeping disorders in infants. Breastfeeding is considered to be the most beneficial way to meet the nutritional needs of infants for optimal growth and development. The α-lactalbumin-tryptophan-melatonin axis, nucleotides, and other factors are breast milk components that may affect infant sleep. Meanwhile, diet, feeding schedule, tobacco smoking, alcohol intake, and caffeine consumption will affect the circadian rhythms which might lead to the fluctuations of sleep-influencing factors in breast milk. This study reviews literature of previous studies on this topic to summarize information that can be considered for both breastfeeding practice and future basic research on the establishment of organized sleep patterns in infants.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 690-694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013156

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the characteristics of bacterial meningitis after pediatric neurosurgical procedures. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study. From January 2016 to December 2022, 64 children diagnosed with post-neurosurgical bacterial meningitis based on positive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture in Department of Neurosurgery of Shanghai Children's Medical Center were selected as the study population. The clinical characteristics, onset time, routine biochemical indexes of cerebrospinal fluid before anti infection treatment, bacteriology characteristics and sensitivity to antibiotics of bacteria cultured from cerebrospinal fluid were analyzed. Based on the CSF culture results, the patients were divided into the Gram-positive bacteria infection group and the Gram-negative bacteria infection group. The clinical characteristics of the two groups were compared using t-tests or Wilcoxon rank-sum tests, and chi-square tests. Results: There were 64 children,42 boys and 22 girls, with onset age of 0.83 (0.50, 1.75) years. Seventy cases of post-neurosurgical bacterial meningitis occurred in the 64 children, of which 15 cases (21%) in spring, 23 cases (33%) in summer, 19 cases (27%) in autumn, and 13 cases (19%) in winter. The time of onset was 3.5 (1.0, 10.0) months after surgery; 15 cases (21%) occurred within the first month after the surgery, and 55 cases (79%) occurred after the first month. There were 38 cases (59%) showing obvious abnormal clinical manifestations, fever 36 cases (56%), vomiting 11 cases (17%). Forty-eight cases (69%) were caused by Gram-positive bacteria, with Staphylococcus epidermidis 24 cases; 22 cases (31%) were caused by Gram-negative bacteria, with Acinetobacter baumannii the prominent pathogen 7 cases. The Gram-positive bacterial infection was more common in summer than the Gram-negative bacterial infection (20 cases (42%) vs. 3 cases (14%), χ2=5.37, P=0.020), while the Gram-negative bacterial infection was more in autumn and within the first month after surgery than the Gram-positive bacterial infection (11 cases (50%) vs. 8 cases (17%), 15 cases (67%) vs. 5 cases (33%), χ2=8.48, 9.02; P=0.004, 0.003). Gram-positive bacteria resistant to vancomycin and Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to polymyxin were not found. However, Acinetobacter baumannii showed only 45% (10/22) susceptibility to carbapenem antibiotics. Conclusions: The clinical presentation of post-neurosurgical bacterial meningitis in children is atypical. Gram-positive bacteria are the main pathogens causing post-neurosurgical bacterial meningitis; Gram-negative bacterial meningitis are more likely to occur in autumn and within the first month after surgery. Acinetobacter baumannii has a high resistance rate to carbapenem antibiotics, which should be taken seriously.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , China/epidemiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Meningitis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Carbapenems , Retrospective Studies , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Drug Resistance, Bacterial
3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 393-405, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977385

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although the conversion from tacrolimus (TAC) to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4-immunoglobulin (CTLA4-Ig) is effective in reducing TAC-induced nephrotoxicity, it remains unclear whether CTLA4-Ig has a direct effect on TAC-induced renal injury. In this study, we evaluated the effects of CTLA4-Ig on TAC-induced renal injury in terms of oxidative stress. @*Methods@#In vitro study was performed to assess the effect of CTLA4-Ig on TAC-induced cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis, and the protein kinase B (AKT)/forkhead transcription factor (FOXO) 3 pathway in human kidney 2 cells. In the in vivo study, the effect of CTLA4-Ig on TAC-induced renal injury was evaluated using renal function, histopathology, markers of oxidative stress (8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine) and metabolites (4-hydroxy-2-hexenal, catalase, glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione reductase), and activation of the AKT/FOXO3 pathway with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). @*Results@#CTLA4-Ig significantly decreased cell death, ROS, and apoptosis caused by TAC. TAC treatment increased apoptotic cell death and apoptosis-related proteins (increased Bcl-2-associated X protein and caspase-3 and decreased Bcl-2), but it was reversed by CTLA4-Ig treatment. The activation of p-AKT and p-FOXO3 by TAC decreased with CTLA4-Ig treatment. TAC-induced renal dysfunction and oxidative marker levels were significantly improved by CTLA4-Ig in vivo. Concomitant IGF-1 treatment abolished the effects of CTLA4-Ig. @*Conclusions@#CTLA4-Ig has a direct protective effect on TAC-induced renal injury via the inhibition of AKT/FOXO3 pathway.

4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 549-561, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982581

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin (IgG) glycosylation affects the effector functions of IgG in a myriad of biological processes and has been closely associated with numerous autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), thus underlining the pathogenic role of glycosylation aberration in autoimmunity. This study aims to explore the relationship between IgG sialylation patterns and lupus pregnancy. Relative to that in serum samples from the control cohort, IgG sialylation level was aberrantly downregulated in serum samples from the SLE cohort at four stages (from preconception to the third trimester of pregnancy) and was significantly associated with lupus activity and fetal loss during lupus pregnancy. The type I interferon signature of pregnant patients with SLE was negatively correlated with the level of IgG sialylation. The lack of sialylation dampened the ability of IgG to suppress the functions of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). RNA-seq analysis further revealed that the expression of genes associated with the spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) signaling pathway significantly differed between IgG- and deSia-IgG-treated pDCs. This finding was confirmed by the attenuation of the ability to phosphorylate SYK and BLNK in deSia-IgG. Finally, the coculture of pDCs isolated from pregnant patients with SLE with IgG/deSia-IgG demonstrated the sialylation-dependent anti-inflammatory function of IgG. Our findings suggested that IgG influences lupus activity through regulating pDCs function via the modulation of the SYK pathway in a sialic acid-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology , Signal Transduction , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid/metabolism , Immunoglobulin G , Dendritic Cells/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 775-784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985988

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with complicated pathogenesis and diverse clinical manifestations. The current recommendations of the Chinese Rheumatology Association are based on a comprehensive investigation of evidence based medicine, domestic and international guidelines for SLE, and experts' proposals, and aim to provide a more scientific and authoritative reference for the diagnosis and management of SLE. The recommendations focus on four aspects; clinical manifestations, laboratory evaluation, diagnosis and disease assessment, and disease treatment and monitoring. The goal of the recommendations is to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of SLE in China so as to improve the prognosis of SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Prognosis , Rheumatology , China , Severity of Illness Index
6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 785-791, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of multimodal MRI radiomics in the preoperative prediction of Fuhrman nuclear grade of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).Methods:A total of 129 patients with ccRCC confirmed by pathology from April 2011 to April 2021 in Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were collected, and the imaging and clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into training set ( n=90) and validation set ( n=39) at the ratio of 7∶3 using random indicator method. According to the postoperative pathological results, Fuhrman grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ were included in the low grade group (96 cases, 65 cases in the training set and 31 cases in the validation set), and Fuhrman grades Ⅲ and Ⅳ were included in the high grade group (33 cases, 25 cases in the training set and 8 cases in the validation set). Two radiologists manually delineated regions of interest (ROI) on T 1WI, T 2WI, Dixon-water, Dixon-fat, susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) images, and 396 texture features were extracted from each ROI. In the training set, intra-class correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U test, minimum redundancy maximum relevance and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method were used to reduce the dimension of features to obtain the best texture features. The logistic regression was used to develop the multimodal radiomics model, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the model in identifying high and low-grade ccRCC in training set and validation set. Results:Four SWI, one T 2WI and one BOLD texture features were selected for modeling. The areas under the ROC curve (95%CI) of the multimodal radiomics model for identifying high and low grade ccRCC in the training and validation sets were 0.859 (0.770-0.923) and 0.883 (0.740-0.964), with the specificity at 95.4% and 87.1%, the sensitivity at 68.0% and 87.5%, the accuracy at 87.8% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion:The multimodal MRI radiomics model based on T 2WI, SWI and BOLD images has high effectiveness in preoperative predicting Fuhrman nuclear grade of ccRCC.

7.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 891-894, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pathogens and drug resistance of bacterial enteritis in children, analyze the clinical characteristics of bacterial enteritis in children, and provide basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The fecal culture strain and drug sensitivity of patients with bacterial enteritis admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were analyzed and summarized, and the clinical characteristics of patients who were infected by Salmonella and Escherichia coli were compared.Results:There were a total of 173 patients, aged from 21 days to 15 years, with a median age of 2.00(1.10, 3.54)years.Bacterial enteritis was most likely to occur in summer and autumn, and the incidence rate was 40.5% and 29.5%, respectively.One hundreds and seventy-three strains of bacteria were cultured in feces, including 148 strains of Salmonella(85.5%), 18 strains of Escherichia coli(10.4%), five strains of Staphylococcus aureus and two strains of Shigella.One hundreds and one of 141 patients who were infected with Salmonella were detected for leukocytes of in feces(71.6%), and four of 16 patients with Escherichia coli were detected for leukocytes(25.0%). The difference was significant( χ2=14.1, P<0.001). Eighty-eight of 113 patients(77.9%) who were infected by Salmonella with increased CRP(CRP>8 mg/L)and the proportion in Escherichia coli infection cases was 6/13(46.2%). There was significant difference( χ2=4.63, P=0.03). The drug sensitivity of Salmonella and Escherichia coli was summarized.There was no carbapenem resistant strain cultured; The sensitivity to piperacillin/tazobactam and cefoperazone/sulbactam was higher than 85%; The sensitivity to cefepime, ceftazidimeand ceftriaxone was higher than 75%; The sensitivity to ampicillin was lower than 30%, and the sensitivity to quinolones was between 20%-40%. Conclusion:Children aged 1-3 years are prone to bacterial enteritis in summer and autumn.The most common pathogens causing bacterial enteritis are Salmonella and Escherichia coli.White blood cells are more easily detected in feces of patients with Salmonella infection, and the increase rate of C-reactive protein in peripheral blood is higher.Patients with bacterial enteritis are recommended to use the third-generation cephalosporins and aforementioned antibiotics and piperacillin/tazobactam for empirical treatment.The sensitivity to quinolones is reduced, and may not be suitable for clinical application.

8.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 779-783, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant BA.2.2 infection in children with different basic diseases.Methods:A total of 76 children with different basic diseases admitted to Shanghai Children′s Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from March 2 to June 10, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed in terms of clinical manifestations, supplementary examination, treatment and prognosis.These children were divided into hematologic tumor group and non-hematologic tumor group which included cardiopulmonary disease group, neurological disease group and congenital malformation group.The clinical characteristics and prognosis of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection in children with basic diseases were analyzed.Results:Among 76 children with basic diseases, 61 patients were newly diagnosed with fever and 15 patients were asymptomatic.There were 26, 22, 20, and 8 cases with hematologic tumor diseases, cardiopulmonary diseases, neurological diseases and congenital malformation, respectively.The average fever time was 3-7 days.There was no significant difference in the clinical manifestations among each group ( P>0.05). However, children with hematological tumors were more prone to single organ or multiple organ dysfunction.The level of C-reactive protein was higher than that in the non-hematologic tumor group, while the white blood cell count, neutrophil count, lymphocyte count and hemoglobin were lower than those in the non-hematologic tumor group.The time of virus negative transformation and the duration of fever were higher than those in the non-hematologic tumor group, with statistical significance ( P<0.05). Among the children in the hematologic tumor group, the blood routine and inflammation indexes of children infected with SARS-CoV-2 after chemotherapy within 2 weeks were worse than those in the non-chemotherapy group, and the duration of fever and the time of virus negative transformation were significantly longer ( P<0.05). Three children with hematologic tumor showed virus positive recovery after chemotherapy and surgical treatment after virus negative transformation. Conclusion:Omicron variant BA.2.2 of SARS-CoV-2 has no serious impact on children with cardiopulmonary diseases, nervous system diseases and congenital malformations.However, the duration of fever and virus positive time in hematologic tumor group extended, especially after chemotherapy.It has an important impact on the formulation of epidemic prevention and timing selection of chemotherapy for children with hematological tumors.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2099-2108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928150

ABSTRACT

According to the polarity of different components in Sanpian Decoction, two fingerprints were established. Then the substance benchmark freeze-dried powder of 15 batches of Sanpian Decoction was prepared, followed by the determination of the fingerprints, index component content, and dry extract rates, the identification of attribution of characteristic peaks, and the calculation of similarities between these fingerprints and the reference(R), the content and transfer rate ranges of ferulic acid, sinapine thiocyanate, liquiritin, and glycyrrhizic acid, and the dry extract rate range. The results showed that the similarities of 15 batches of the substance benchmark fingerprints with R were all greater than 0.900.Further summarization of the characteristic peaks revealed that there were a total of 20 characteristic peaks in fingerprint 1, among which, eight were from Sinapis Semen, four from Paeoniae Radix Alba, six from Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and two from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. A total of 16 characteristic peaks were observed in fingerprint 2, including one from Sinapis Semen, three from Paeoniae Radix Alba, eight from Chuanxiong Rhizoma, and four from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The average dry extract rate of 15 batches of substance benchmarks was 18.25%, with a dry extract rate range of 16.28%-20.76%. The index component content and transfer rate ranges were listed as follows: 0.15%-0.18% and 38.81%-58.05% for ferulic acid; 0.26%-0.42% and 36.51%-51.02% for sinapine thiocyanate; 0.09%-0.15% and 48.80%-76.61% for liquiritin; 0.13%-0.24% and 23.45%-35.61% for glycyrrhizic acid. The fingerprint, dry extract rate, and index component content determination was combined for analyzing the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks in the classic prescription Sanpian Decoction.The established quality evaluation method for the substance benchmarks was stable and feasible, which has provided a basis for the quality control of Sanpian Decoction and the follow-up development of related preparations.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid/analysis , Paeonia , Quality Control , Thiocyanates
10.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 659-666, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988427

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether inhibiting autophagy can enhance the sensitivity of photothermal treatment under mild photothermal conditions. Methods CQ@PLGA@PDA NPs were prepared by an improved double emulsification method and a PDA-based surface modification method. After basic characterization, CCK-8 method was used to detect the cytotoxicity of nanoparticles; the near-infrared laser irradiation nanoparticle solution was used to detect the heating effect; CCK-8 method and live-dead cell staining were used to detect the killing effect of tumor cells; Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related proteins. Results The CQ@PLGA@PDA NPs were successfully prepared, with a particle size of 253.10±2.39 nm, a zeta potential of -22.57±0.80 mV, uniform particle size and good dispersion. The temperature of nanoparticle solution increased to 45℃ after the near-infrared laser irradiation for 10 min. CQ@PLGA@PDA NPs had no obvious toxicity to cells. The survival rates of breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231 and mouse embryonic fibroblast NIH-3T3 cell were above 95%. The inhibition of autophagy under mild photothermal conditions could improve the sensitivity of photothermal therapy. Conclusion The prepared CQ@PLGA@PDA NPs have good photothermal performance and high biological safety; by inhibiting autophagy, they can effectively kill tumor cells under mild photothermal conditions(< 50℃).

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 115-123, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906371

ABSTRACT

Xiao chengqitang is recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases written by ZHANG Zhong-jing in the Eastern Han dynasty. It is composed of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, which is mainly used to treat mild exogenous Yangming Fu-viscera excess syndrome. This formula has been included in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescription (The First Batch). However, the processing specifications and doses recorded in the original formula are different from the modern usage, which results in some difficulties in the research and development of Xiao Chengqitang granules. For clarifying the key information, such as historical evolution of prescription, dose conversion, the origin and processing specifications of each medicine in the prescription, the paper systematically analyzes the ancient medical books and related literature in the past dynasties and refers to the life experience of ZHANG Zhong-jing. Then the modern prescription and decocting methods of Xiao Chengqitang were determined as follows:composing 55.2 g of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma (Rheum officinale) washed with wine, 27.6 g of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex (Magnolia officinalis) processed with ginger and 39.0 g of stir-fried Aurantii Fructus Immaturus (Citrus aurantium), adding 800 mL of water, decocting to 240 mL and filtrating.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 36-42, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of Huluan decoction on the expression of apoptosis-related protein silence information regulator 1 (SIRT1), tumor suppressor gene (p53), acetylated p53 (Ac-p53), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (p21), and nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) p65 and changes in ovarian tissue structure of a mouse model with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) induced by tripterygium glycosides. Method:Fifty female C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into the blank group, model group, low- and high-dose Huluan decoction groups, and western medicine (estradiol valerate) group. After intragastric administration of tripterygium glycosides at 80 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> for 14 successive days, mice in the low- and high-dose Huluan decoction groups and western medicine group were treated with Huluan decoction at 1.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> and 6.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> and estradiol valerate at 0.13 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>, respectively, by gavage since the 15<sup>th</sup> day, while those in the blank group were provided with an equal amount of distilled water for 21 consecutive days. Following the last administration, the blood was sampled for detecting the levels of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) by ELISA and the ovary was harvested for observing the morphological changes by HE staining. The mRNA expression levels of p53 and p21 were measured by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of SIRT1, p53, p21, Ac-p53, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B were assayed by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited a disordered estrous cycle, diminished ovarian volume, decreased number of follicles at various developmental stages, reduced AMH, and elevated FSH and LH, and elevated p53,p21,Ac-p53,NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein expression and p53,p21 mRNA, reduced SIRT1 protein expression(<italic>P</italic><0.01). As revealed by the comparison with the model group, each medication group displayed an increased number of follicles, elevated AMH, reduced FSH and LH (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated SIRT1 protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and significantly down-regulated mRNA and protein expression of aging-related genes p53, p21, and down-regulated Ac-p53,NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Huluan decoction significantly reverses the aging process and improves ovarian function possibly by boosting the activity of SIRT1/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/p53/p21 pathway in ovarian cells, changing the apoptotic state, increasing the growing and mature follicles, and reducing the atretic follicles.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 810-819, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878944

ABSTRACT

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Benchmarking , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Quality Control
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 669-672, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a child with lymphangiectasia and lymphedema.@*METHODS@#DNA sample of the patient was extracted and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Suspected variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to carry compound heterozygote variants (c.521G>A and c.472C>T) of the CCBE1 gene, which were respectively inherited from his parents.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygote variants of the CCBE1 gene probably underlie the disease in this child.

15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 72-81, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785434

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula's definition of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) has recently been updated. This study aimed to identify risk factors for POPF in patients having pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and to generate a nomogram to predict POPF.METHODS: Data on 298 patients who underwent PD from March 2012 to October 2017 was retrospectively reviewed and POPF statuses were redefined. A nomogram was constructed using data from 220 patients and validated using the remaining 78 patients. Independent risk factors for POPF were identified using univariate and multivariate analyses. A predictive nomogram was established based on the independent risk factors and was compared with existing models.RESULTS: Texture of the pancreas, size of the main pancreatic duct, portal vein invasion, and definitive pathology were the identified risk factors. The nomogram had a C-index of 0.793 and was internally validated. The nomogram performed better (C-index of 0.816) than the other most cited models (C-indexes of 0.728 and 0.735) in the validation cohort. In addition, the nomogram can assign patients into low- (less than 10%), intermediate- (10% to 30%), and high-risk (equal or higher than 30%) groups to facilitate personalized management.CONCLUSION: The nomogram accurately predicted POPF in patients having PD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Nomograms , Pancreas , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatic Fistula , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Pathology , Portal Vein , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 312-316, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To Analyze the prenatal factors and forecast the success rate of vaginal delivery of twin pregnancy.Methods:Totally, 114 cases of twin pregnant women who were under the systematic antenatal care and had deliveries in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from January 2017 to March 2019 were collected. The inclusive criteria were uncomplicated twin pregnancy with head downward position of the first fetus, not monochorioallantoic twin twins, and the willingness for vaginal delivery. Two groups were classified based on their successful vaginal delivery. 96 cases in vaginal delivery group (study group) and 18 cases in the comparison groupwhich were transferred to Caesarean sections during trial delivery. The evaluated prenatal factors included: (1) Fetal factors: the chorionicity of the twin pregnancy, position of the second fetus, fetal weights and the weight difference of two fetuses. (2) Maternal factors:the maternal age, delivery gestational age, parity, body mass index (BMI), reasonability of weight gain during pregnancy, pregnancy complications, such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, and the application of assisted reproductive technology. (3) The technical title of the delivery doctor, modes of labour (spontaneous labor or induced labour and its mode) and the application of labor analgesia, etc. Single-factor logistic analysis and multiple-factor logistic regression were used to do statistical analysis and nomograms were plotted, finally receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and standard curves were formed for internal verifications and Youden index were utilized to determine the cut-off values.Results:Five variables:maternal age,complicated GDM, reasonability of weight gain during pregnancy, parity, and the weight of the second fetus is less than the firsthad obvious influence on the success rate of vaginal delivery in twin pregnancy. After quantifying the influence weight, the influence of each factor was as follows:the age of the mother <35 years old: 64; no GDM: 100, no insulin application in GDM: 47, and application of insulin: 0; reasonability of weight gain during pregnancy: 82; parity≥2: 58; and the weight of the second fetus was less than the first: 57. The ROC curve was plotted and the area under the curve (AUC) is 0.856 1, which were able to forecast the success rates well, the maximum value of the Youden index was 0.564 7 and the corresponding score was 168. Conclusions:maternal age, reasonability of weight gain during pregnancy, the complication of GDM, parity, and the weight of the second fetus less than the first are the influential prenatal factors on vaginal delivery of twin pregnancy. After assigning the influence weight of each influencing factor, when the total score reaches 168 the success rate of vaginal delivery is significantly improved.

17.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 721-725, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a novel decision tree-based algorithm in complete Kawasaki disease(cKD)and evaluate its diagnostic value in incomplete Kawasaki disease(iKD)and pediatric infectious disease(IF)with common clinical characteristics, which facilitates early and accurate diagnosis of iKD.Methods:Based on inclusion criteria of KD and IF, clinical and laboratory data of patients with cKD, iKD and IF from Shanghai Children′s Medical Center between December 2018 and December 2019 were collected.The training data set included cKD and random half number of IF patients, and validation data was constituted with iKD and the rest of IF patients.The decision tree algorithm analysis was performed in training data set to generate a clinical diagnostic panel for cKD.Finally, the decision tree-based algorithm was verified and evaluated among the iKD patients.Results:A single statistical analysis was performed on 26 examination indexes of constructing decision tree-based algorithm.It was found that 16 examination indexes were obviously different between cKD and IF patients, and 17 examination indexes were significantly different between iKD and IF patients.According to date set of cKD and IF patients, the decision tree-based algorithm was established.The erythrocyte sedimentation rate>35mm/h, N-terminal atrial brain natriuretic peptide precursor≥315 pg/ml, CD3 -/CD19 + %≥21%, and the amount of neutrophil≥8.5×10 9/L were constructed as key elements.The algorithm had a sensitivity of 0.947 and a specificity of 0.963, and correctly classified subjects with iKD who were difficult to be distinguished from patients with IF. Conclusion:A decision tree-based algorithm based on the examination indexes of cKD is one of the effective methods to identify iKD and IF, which provides strong support for the early clinical diagnosis of iKD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1689-1693, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864306

ABSTRACT

Infectious diseases is one of the leading causes of disability and death in children worldwide.Rapid, accurate and early detection of causative pathogens can contribute to timely treatment and diagnosis and may improve the prognosis of children with infectious disease.The continuous improvement of techniques in molecular biology, especially nucleic acid-based detection, have driven the development of accurate identification of the pathogens.Molecular diagnostic tests based on the polymerase chain reaction, alternative nucleic acid amplification, gene microarray, next-generation sequencing as well as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-based technologies have gradually become important auxiliary tools for screening infectious pathogen due to their depth and accuracy.In this paper, several nucleic acid-based detection technologies are compared in order to constitute an appropriate diagnostic strategy for the detection of infectious pathogens.

19.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 809-811, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843369

ABSTRACT

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) produced from back-splicing of exons of pre-mRNAs are widely expressed, but current understanding of their functions is limited. These RNAs are stable in general and are thought to have unique structural conformations distinct from their linear RNA cognates. Here, we show that endogenous circRNAs tend to form 16-26 bp imperfect RNA duplexes and act as inhibitors of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated protein kinase (PKR) related to innate immunity. Upon poly (I:C) stimulation or viral infection, circRNAs are globally degraded by RNase L, a process required for PKR activation in early cellular innate immune responses. Augmented PKR phosphorylation and circRNA reduction are found in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from patients with autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Importantly, overexpression of the dsRNA-containing circRNA in PBMCs or T cells derived from SLE can alleviate the aberrant PKR activation cascade, thus providing a connection between circRNAs and SLE.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 620-623, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771953

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a child with congenital heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#Clinical examination of the child was carried out. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) and quantitative PCR were carried out to detect copy number variations.@*RESULTS@#The major features of the child included CHD (ventricular septal defect, severe pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid regurgitation, patent ductus arteriosus, and patent foramen ovale), severe pneumonia and liver failure. A de novo 3.2 Mb deletion encompassing 25 genes in 13q34 and a paternal 2.2 Mb duplication in 19p13.3 were revealed by CMA and qPCR.@*CONCLUSION@#The 13q34 region probably contains susceptibility genes for CHD.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 , DNA Copy Number Variations , Heart Defects, Congenital
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