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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 29-46, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922666

ABSTRACT

A large number of putative risk genes for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been reported. The functions of most of these susceptibility genes in developing brains remain unknown, and causal relationships between their variation and autism traits have not been established. The aim of this study was to predict putative risk genes at the whole-genome level based on the analysis of gene co-expression with a group of high-confidence ASD risk genes (hcASDs). The results showed that three gene features - gene size, mRNA abundance, and guanine-cytosine content - affect the genome-wide co-expression profiles of hcASDs. To circumvent the interference of these features in gene co-expression analysis, we developed a method to determine whether a gene is significantly co-expressed with hcASDs by statistically comparing the co-expression profile of this gene with hcASDs to that of this gene with permuted gene sets of feature-matched genes. This method is referred to as "matched-gene co-expression analysis" (MGCA). With MGCA, we demonstrated the convergence in developmental expression profiles of hcASDs and improved the efficacy of risk gene prediction. The results of analysis of two recently-reported ASD candidate genes, CDH11 and CDH9, suggested the involvement of CDH11, but not CDH9, in ASD. Consistent with this prediction, behavioral studies showed that Cdh11-null mice, but not Cdh9-null mice, have multiple autism-like behavioral alterations. This study highlights the power of MGCA in revealing ASD-associated genes and the potential role of CDH11 in ASD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Brain , Cadherins/genetics , Gene Expression , Mice , Mice, Knockout
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888176

ABSTRACT

Leaves of Euryale ferox are rich in anthocyanins. Anthocyanin synthesis is one of the important branches of the flavonoid synthesis pathway, in which flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase(F3'H) can participate in the formation of important intermediate products of anthocyanin synthesis. According to the data of E. ferox transcriptome, F3'H cDNA sequence was cloned in the leaves of E. ferox and named as EfF3'H. The correlation between EfF3'H gene expression and synthesis of flavonoids was analyzed by a series of bioinforma-tics tools and qRT-PCR. Moreover, the biological function of EfF3'H was verified by the heterologous expression in yeast. Our results showed that EfF3'H comprised a 1 566 bp open reading frame which encoded a hydrophilic transmembrane protein composed of 521 amino acid residues. It was predicted to be located in the plasma membrane. Combined with predictive analysis of conserved domains, this protein belongs to the cytochrome P450(CYP450) superfamily. The qRT-PCR results revealed that the expression level of EfF3'H was significantly different among different cultivars and was highly correlated with the content of related flavonoids in the leaves. Eukaryotic expression studies showed that EfF3'H protein had the biological activity of converting kaempferol to quercetin. In this study, EfF3'H cDNA was cloned from the leaves of E. ferox for the first time, and the biological function of the protein was verified. It provi-ded a scientific basis for further utilizing the leaves of E. ferox and laid a foundation for the further analysis of the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids in medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Anthocyanins , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism , Plant Leaves/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906216

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper aims to clone the cDNA sequence of<italic> limonene</italic>-3-<italic>hydroxylase</italic>(<italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic>) in <italic>Schizonepeta tenuifolia</italic> and analyze its sequence by bioinformatics. Method:Specific primers were designed based on sequences of<italic> StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene screened from transcriptome sequencing data of <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> and the cDNA sequence of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene was cloned by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed for its bioinformatics. Result:The <italic>StL3OH</italic> gene cDNA sequence length was 1 598 bp,containing a 1 497 bp long complete open reading frame which encoded 498 amino acids. StL3OH protein had a theoretical relative molecular mass of 56.40 kDa,with a hydrophilic and unstable nature. Bioinformatics analysis showed that StL3OH protein had no signal peptide but had a transmembrane domain which might be located in endoplasmic reticulum. Multiple sequence alignment and cluster analysis showed that the amino acid sequence of MsL3OH protein had a high similarity with StL3OH protein,both of which contained cytochrome P450 heme binding region,belonging to the D subfamily of cytochrome CYP71 family. Codon bias analysis showed that <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene preferred guanine/cytosine(G/C) ending codon,with 27 skewed codons, and Nicotiana benthamiana was proven to be the most suitable host for exogenous expression of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene. Conclusion:The cDNA sequence of<italic> StL3OH</italic> gene was cloned from <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> for the first time,which will provide a basis for further study on the structure and function of StL3OH protein and the regulation mechanism of <italic>StL3OH </italic>gene in the accumulation and biosynthesis of monoterpenes in<italic> S. tenuifolia</italic>.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Suanzaoren Tang in improving learning-memory of sleep-deprived rats based on Nod-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammatome pathway. Method:The rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, Eszolam group(5.4×10<sup>-4</sup> g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), low-dose Suanzaoren Tang group(4.59 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>)and high-dose Suanzaoren Tang group (18.36 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>). In addition to normal control group, other groups were used to constructed sleep-deprived model, which was concurrent with 30-day continuous drug administration. Water maze was used to evaluate the learning-memory function of rats; The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, apoptosis-related speckle proteins (ASC), aspartic acid-specific cysteine protease-1 (Caspase-1), interleukin-1(IL-1) and IL-18 in the hippocampus of rats were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with control group, the incubation period of the platform, the total distance of swimming and the duration of first reaching the platform in model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the number of platform crossings and the target quadrant time were decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the incubation period, total swimming distance and the duration of first reaching the platform in low-dose Suanzaoren Tang group and high-dose Suanzaoren Tang group were decreased to different degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the number of platform crossings and the target quadrant time were increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01),but with no significant change in estazolam group. Compared with normal control group, mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-18 in the hippocampus of the model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 in the hippocampus of the rats in low-dose Suanzaoren Tang group and high-dose Suanzaoren Tang group were all decreased to different degrees (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 in the hippocampus of Suanzaoren group also decreased, but with no significant change. Conclusion:Suanzaoren Tang can improve the learning-memory function of sleep-deprived rats, and its mechanism is related to the inhibition of NLRP3 inflammatome pathway in hippocampus and the alleviation of neuroinflammation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 141-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880252

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative treatment has become an increasingly important aspect of the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Small-scale clinical studies performed in recent years have shown improvements in the major pathological remission rate after neoadjuvant therapy, suggesting that it will soon become an important part of NSCLC treatment. Nevertheless, neoadjuvant immunotherapy may be accompanied by serious adverse reactions that lead to delay or cancelation of surgery, additional illness, and even death, and have therefore attracted much attention. The purpose of the clinical recommendations is to form a diagnosis and treatment plan suitable for the current domestic medical situation for the immune-related adverse event (irAE).@*METHODS@#This recommendation is composed of experts in thoracic surgery, oncologists, thoracic medicine and irAE related departments (gastroenterology, respirology, cardiology, infectious medicine, hematology, endocrinology, rheumatology, neurology, dermatology, emergency section) to jointly complete the formulation. Experts make full reference to the irAE guidelines, large-scale clinical research data published by thoracic surgery, and the clinical experience of domestic doctors and publicly published cases, and repeated discussions in multiple disciplines to form this recommendation for perioperative irAE.@*RESULTS@#This clinical recommendation covers the whole process of prevention, evaluation, examination, treatment and monitoring related to irAE, so as to guide the clinical work comprehensively and effectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Perioperative irAE management is an important part of immune perioperative treatment of lung cancer. With the continuous development of immune perioperative treatment, more research is needed in the future to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of perioperative irAE.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878958

ABSTRACT

Based on the characteristics and ISSR molecular marker technology, the study is aimed to compare and perform genetic diversity analysis on Sparganium stoloniferum from 7 regions. Molecular identification method was established for S. stoloniferum from Hunan province. Differences among Sparganii Rhizoma samples from seven habitats were analyzed via measuring weight, length, width and thickness of them. Genetic diversity of S. stoloniferum from 7 regions was analyzed by screening out primers amplifying clear band and showing rich polymorphism, then a cultivars dendrogram was built. The target primer was screened out, and the specific band was sequenced. Nine ISSR primers were selected to amplified clear band, rich polymorphism. A total of 73 bands were amplified by nine ISSR primers selected from 27 ISSR primers. On average, each primer produced 8.0 bands. A total of 38 bands were polymorphic, which occupied 52.8% of all bands. The cultivars dendrogram showed the genetic similarity was 0.54-0.94. Genetic similarity coefficient of S. stoloniferum from Jiangsu province, Anhui province and Jiangxi province was big, indicating the differences among them were slight on genetic level. S. stoloniferum from Hunan province is quite different from samples from the other six habitats on appea-rance and genetic level. A specific band(327 bp) in S. stoloniferum from Hunan province was obtained via ISSR-857 primer, and was sequenced. According BLASTn database, there were few sequences similar to the gene fragment and had little correlation with the growth process of plant. ISSR molecular marker technology provides a new idea for the identification of S. stoloniferum. This result confirmed the particularity of S. stoloniferum from ancient Jingzhou.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Genetic Markers/genetics , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Phylogeny , Polymorphism, Genetic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878693

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize clinical characteristics and investigate possible pathogenic gene of Klippel-Feil syndrome(KFS)by the self-designed multigene panel sequencing,so as to decipher the molecular basis for early diagnosis and targeted therapy.Methods From January 2015 to December 2018,we consecutively recruited 25 patients who were diagnosed with KFS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The demographic information,clinical manifestations,physical examination and radiological assessments were analyzed.Multigene panel sequencing was performed after DNA extraction from peripheral blood.The possible pathogenic mutations of KFS were explored on the basis of bioinformatics analysis.Results The KFS cohort consisted of 25 patients,including 15 males and 10 females,with a mean age of(12.9±7.3)years.Limited cervical range of motion was the most common clinical feature(12 cases,48%).Based on the Samartzis classification,the proportion of patients suffered from short neck(P=0.031)and limited cervical range of motion(P=0.026)in type Ⅲ KFS was significantly higher than that in type Ⅱ and type Ⅰ KFS.Panel sequencing detected a total of 11 pathogenic missense mutations in eight patients,including COL6A1,COL6A2,CDAN1,GLI3,FLNB,CHRNG,MYH3,POR,and TNXB.There was no pathogenic mutation found in five reported pathogenic genes(GDF6,MEOX1,GDF3,MYO18B and RIPPLY2)associated with KFS.Conclusions Our study has shown that patients with multiple contiguous cervical fusions are more likely to manifest short neck,limited cervical range of motion,and clinical triad.Therefore,these patients need additional attention and follow-up.Our analysis highlights novel KFS-related genetic variants,such as COL6A and CDAN1,extending the spectrum of known mutations contributing to this syndrome and providing a basis for elucidating the pathogenesis of KFS.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Child , Cohort Studies , Female , Glycoproteins , Humans , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/genetics , Male , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Radiography , Transcription Factors/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877554

ABSTRACT

The employment situation and advantages of interdisciplinary talents of English and acupuncture-moxibustion and


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Employment , Language , Moxibustion
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-261, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781573

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3, particularly subtype 3b, is increasing in prevalence and distribution in China. This study evaluated the prevalence, regional distribution, clinical characteristics, host factors, treatment outcomes, and disease progression of patients with HCV genotype 3 in China.@*METHODS@#A 5-year follow-up was preceded by a cross-sectional study. Treatment choices were at the discretion of treating physicians. Estimated infection time to overall-disease-progression (defined by ≥1 of: newly diagnosed cirrhosis; cirrhosis at baseline, Child-Turcotte-Pugh score increased 2 points or more; progression from compensated cirrhosis to decompensated cirrhosis; hepatocellular carcinoma; liver transplantation; or death) was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the risk factors for disease progression.@*RESULTS@#The cross-sectional study enrolled 997 patients, including 91 with HCV genotype 3 infection. Among them, subtype 3b (57.1%) was more dominant than subtype 3a (38.5%). Five hundred and twelve patients were included into the follow-up phase. Among patients analyzed for estimated infection time to overall-disease-progression, 52/304 (17.1%) patients with HCV genotype 1 and 4/41 (9.8%) with HCV genotype 3 (4/26 with genotype 3b, 0/13 with genotype 3a, and 0/2 with undefined subtype of genotype 3) experienced overall-disease-progression. Patients with HCV genotype 3 were younger than those with genotype 1 (mean age: 39.5 ± 8.7 vs. 46.9 ± 13.6 years) and demonstrated more rapid disease progression (mean estimated infection time to overall-disease-progression 27.1 vs. 35.6 years).@*CONCLUSIONS@#HCV genotype 3, specifically subtype 3b, is associated with more rapid progression of liver disease. Further analysis to compare HCV subtype 3a and 3b is needed in high prevalence regions.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT01293279, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01293279; NCT01594554, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01594554.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 116-121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787659

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody in giant cell tumors of bone (GCTB), and its value in the diagnosis of GCTB. Immunohistochemical (IHC) EnVision method was used to detect the expression of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody and p63 in 83 GCTBs, 18 aneurysmal bone cysts, 23 chondroblastomas and 28 osteosarcomas diagnosed at Nanjing Jinling Hospital from June 2001 to April 2019. Among the 83 cases of GCTB, 69 cases (69/83, 83.1%) expressed H3.3 G34W. H3.3 G34W expression was found exclusively in the mononuclear cell population with strong and diffuse nuclear staining. H3.3 G34W was expressed in 55 of 57 (96.5%) cases of GCTB in long bones, but only 14 of 26 (53.8%) cases of non-long bone GCTB. All recurrent (9/9)/metastatic GCTB (2/2), post-denosumab GCTB (3/3), primary malignant GCTB (3/3) and secondary malignant GCTB (5/5) also expressed H3.3 G34W. H3.3 G34W was negative in all aneurysmal bone cysts and chondroblastomas. H3.3 G34W was positive in 3 of 28(10.7%) cases of osteosarcomas, and giant cell-rich osteosarcoma(GCRO) was the only histological subtype of osteosarcoma that expressed H3.3 G34W. p63 was expressed in 71.1%(59/83) of GCTB, while the positive rates of p63 in aneurysmal bone cysts,chondroblastomas and osteosarcomas were 3/18, 43.5% (10/23) and 21.4% (6/28) respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody in the diagnosis of GCTB were 83.1% and 95.7%. H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody is a highly sensitive and specific marker for GCTB and helpful for the diagnosis of GCTB and its variants. The limitation of this antibody is that as a mall number of GCTB harbor G34 mutation other than G34W, and thus that cannot be detected. The incidental expression of H3.3 G34W mutant protein in osteosarcoma could be a potential diagnostic dilemma, and the results of H3.3 G34W IHC staining needs careful interpretation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the current situation of the knowledge, attitudes and practice about Novelcoronavirus pneumonia (NCP) of the residents in Anhui Province. @*Methods@#Anonymous network sampling survey was carried out with an electronic questionnaire that designed by the questionnaire star, and a total of 4016 subjects from Anhui province were investigated. The content of the survey includes that the basic information of subjects,the residents’ knowledge, attitudes and practice about NCP, as well as their satisfaction with the prevention and control measures adopted by the government and health authorities and the suggestions on future prevention. The questionnaire doesn’t involve any privacy information, and all questions were mandatory to ensure the response rate.@*Results@#The M (P25, P75) age the 4016 subjects was 21 (19, 24), and the ranging from 7 to 80 years old. The number of males was1431(35.6%). Social networking tools such as WeChat and QQ were the main sources of epidemic information for residents (97.8%, 3 929 respondents). Residents have a high awareness rate of the main symptoms, transmission routes, using of masks, hand washing and treatment information of NCP, while a low awareness rate of the atypical symptoms. 92.6% of the subjects (n=3 720) think that the outbreak was scary. In terms of psychological behavior scores, the results showed that female (9.38±4.81), the urban (9.37±5.02) and the medical workers (10.79±5.19) had a poorer mental health than the male (8.45±5.00) , the rural (8.71±4.75) and the non-medical workers (the students: 8.85±4.83; public institude workers: 9.02±5.08; others: 8.97±5.39) (P < 0.05). 71.9% of the residents (n=2 887)were satisfied with the local epidemic control measures. The residents took various of the measures to prevent and control the epidemic. The ratio of residents that could achieve "no gathering and less going out" , "wear masks when going out" and "do not go to crowded and closed places" was up to 97.4% (n=3 913), 93.6% (n=3758) and 91.5% (n=3 673) respectively.@*Conclusion@#The residents in Anhui province have a good KAP about NCP, yet it is necessary to strengthen the community publicity, the mental health maintenance of residents and students’ health education.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 106-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866758

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective ability and strategy of improving in-hospital emergency in large general hospitals through investigating and analyzing the epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of patients treated by rapid response team (RRT) in the Fourth People's Hospital of Shenyang.Methods:The clinical data of 145 patients treated by RRT in the Fourth People's Hospital of Shenyang from April 1st to June 30th in 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data including gender, age, RRT response time, disease type, direct cause of RRT initiation, the incidence of cardiac arrest, intensive care unit (ICU) admission rate and outcome were statistically analyzed. The correlation between indicators was analyzed by Pearson correlation. Pareto diagram was used to analyze the direct cause of RRT initiation.Results:A total of 145 patients were treated by RRT within 3 months. The ratio of male ( n = 85) to female ( n = 60) was 1.42∶1. The age of patients treated by RRT was (72.83±14.84) years old, and the response time was (3.27±1.42) minutes. The incidence of cardiac arrest was 23.4% (34/145), and the ICU admission rate was 29.7% (43/145). The hospital mortality was 40.0% (58/145), and the rescue success rate was 60.0% (87/145). Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the incidence of cardiac arrest and hospital mortality ( r = 0.545, P < 0.01). According to the disease type of patients treated by RRT analysis, respiratory system diseases ( n = 44, 30.3%) accounted for the most, followed by circulatory system diseases ( n = 43, 29.7%), nervous system diseases ( n = 25, 17.2%), digestive system diseases ( n = 19, 13.1%), trauma ( n = 5, 3.4%), endocrine system diseases ( n = 3, 2.1%), urinary system diseases ( n = 2, 1.4%) and others ( n = 4, 2.8%). Further analysis showed that patients aged between 85 years old and 94 years old were prone to the respiratory system diseases, accounting for 48.5% (16/33) of the population in this age group, while the cardiovascular system diseases were the most common in patients older than 55 years old, accounting for 31.0% (40/129) of the population in this age group. Pareto diagram showed that the percentages of direct causes of RRT initiation ranked from high to low, the cumulative percentage of pneumonia ( n = 30, 20.7%), acute myocardial infarction ( n = 26, 17.9%), stroke ( n = 20, 13.8%), septic shock ( n = 14, 9.7%), heart failure ( n = 10, 6.9%), respiratory and cardiac arrest ( n = 9, 6.2%), and gastrointestinal bleeding ( n = 7, 4.8%), which were the main direct causes of RRT initiation with a total of 80%. Conclusions:Respiratory system and circulatory system diseases are the main causes for RRT treatment in first-aid patients in the Fourth People's Hospital of Shenyang. The hospital mortality significantly increases once patients suffered cardiac arrest. The RRT can provide effective intervention earlier and faster, and establish a complete RRT emergency strategy, which is helpful to improve the in-hospital emergency ability in large general hospitals.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 116-121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799494

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody in giant cell tumors of bone (GCTB), and its value in the diagnosis of GCTB.@*Methods@#Immunohistochemical (IHC) EnVision method was used to detect the expression of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody and p63 in 83 GCTBs, 18 aneurysmal bone cysts, 23 chondroblastomas and 28 osteosarcomas diagnosed at Nanjing Jinling Hospital from June 2001 to April 2019.@*Results@#Among the 83 cases of GCTB, 69 cases (69/83, 83.1%) expressed H3.3 G34W. H3.3 G34W expression was found exclusively in the mononuclear cell population with strong and diffuse nuclear staining. H3.3 G34W was expressed in 55 of 57 (96.5%) cases of GCTB in long bones, but only 14 of 26 (53.8%) cases of non-long bone GCTB. All recurrent (9/9)/metastatic GCTB (2/2), post-denosumab GCTB (3/3), primary malignant GCTB (3/3) and secondary malignant GCTB (5/5) also expressed H3.3 G34W. H3.3 G34W was negative in all aneurysmal bone cysts and chondroblastomas. H3.3 G34W was positive in 3 of 28(10.7%) cases of osteosarcomas, and giant cell-rich osteosarcoma(GCRO) was the only histological subtype of osteosarcoma that expressed H3.3 G34W. p63 was expressed in 71.1%(59/83) of GCTB, while the positive rates of p63 in aneurysmal bone cysts,chondroblastomas and osteosarcomas were 3/18, 43.5% (10/23) and 21.4% (6/28) respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody in the diagnosis of GCTB were 83.1% and 95.7%.@*Conclusions@#H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody is a highly sensitive and specific marker for GCTB and helpful for the diagnosis of GCTB and its variants. The limitation of this antibody is that as a mall number of GCTB harbor G34 mutation other than G34W, and thus that cannot be detected. The incidental expression of H3.3 G34W mutant protein in osteosarcoma could be a potential diagnostic dilemma, and the results of H3.3 G34W IHC staining needs careful interpretation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828239

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical efficacy of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy through two different approaches in treating upper lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From March 2015 to August 2019, 32 patients with upper lumbar disc herniation treated by percutaneous endoscopic lumbar dicecromy(PELD) were analyzed retrospectively and divided into percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy (PETD) and percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (PEID) group according to different methods. There were 19 patients in PETD group, including 10 males and 9 females aged from 30 to 65 years old with an average of (44.70±12.08) years old;5 patients on L, 6 patients on L, 8 patients on L;6 patients were central herniation, 8 patients were paracentric herniation, and 5 patients were migration of herniation. There were 13 patients in PEID group, including 4 males and 9 females aged from 25 to 55 years old with an average of (42.23±12.09) years old;the courses of disease ranged from 1 to 7 months with an average of (2.90±3.02) months;3 patients on L, 4 patients on L, 6 patients on L;2 patients were central herniation, 4 patients were paracentric herniation, 3 patients were migration of herniation, 4 patients were prolapse free type protrusion. VAS and ODI score before operation, postoperative at 3 days, 3 and 6 months were compared between two groups, advanced MacNab standard at 1 year after operation were applied to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#Operation were successful operated in 32 patients and obtained following up without nerve injury and infection of intervertebral space. One patient in PETD groups occurred dural sac tear in operation, but no adverse reaction afteroperation. PETD group was followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of (15.80±3.48) months, while PEID group was followed up from 12 to 30 months with an average of (16.70±4.66) months, while there was no statistical difference between two groups (>0.05). VAS and ODI score at different time points after operation were higher than that of before operation (<0.05). According to advanced MacNab standard at 1 year after operation, 11 patients obtained excellent results, 6 good, 1 moderate and 1 poor in PETD group;while 7 patients got excellent results, 4 good, 2 moderate in PEID group.@*CONCLUSION@#Both of two surgical approach could achieve satisfactory efficacy in treating upper lumbar disc herniation, PETD is more suitable for central herniation, paracentric herniation and patients with mild displacement, PEID has advantage on prolapse free type protrusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Infant , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of glaucoma among people over 40 years old in rural areas of Chongqing.Methods:From August to October 2018, a stratified cluster random sampling method was used to investigate the cases of glaucoma among people over 40 years old in a rural population of the Rongchang and Qijiang Districts in Chongqing.The subjects had been living in the local area for over ten years.Basic information for each patient, including gender and age was documented, and their visual acuity and intraocular pressure were routinely measured.The Van Herick method was used to evaluate the depth of the central and peripheral anterior chamber, a preset lens was used to examine the fundus, and the cup to disc ratio(C/D) of the optic disc was emphasized.All suspected glaucoma patients underwent further standard glaucoma examinations.This study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University.Results:A total of 4 680 people were identified, and 4 073 respondents participated in the survey, and the response rate was 87%.The prevalence of glaucoma was 1.72% (70/4 073). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) between different genders ( χ2=0.042, P=0.837; χ2=2.838, P=0.092). The prevalence of glaucoma in people over 70 years old was 2.5%, significantly higher than that in other age groups.In patients with glaucoma, the rate of visual impairment was 68.57%(48/70), and the rate of blindness was 47.14%(33/70). There was no significant difference in the incidence of low vision between different types of glaucoma ( χ2=2.785, P=0.248), but there was a significant difference in the rate of blindness ( χ2=10.668, P=0.005). The highest rate of blindness was found in secondary glaucoma.The detection rate of intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth and C/D was statistically significant ( χ2=43.325, P<0.001), and the positive rate of C/D was the highest.When the factors of intraocular pressure, and C/D were considered jointly, the detection rate of glaucoma could be increased to 55.88%. Conclusions:The prevalence of glaucoma is 1.72% among people over 40 years old in rural areas of Chongqing, the prevalence of PACG is lower than previously recorded, but the proportion of glaucoma-induced visual impairment is higher.In field screening, the morphological examination of the fundus optic nerve is very important for the diagnosis of glaucoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827537

ABSTRACT

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a small phospholipid that is present in all eukaryotic tissues and blood plasma. As an extracellular signaling molecule, LPA mediates many cellular functions by binding to six known G protein-coupled receptors and activating their downstream signaling pathways. These functions indicate that LPA may play important roles in many biological processes that include organismal development, wound healing, and carcinogenesis. Recently, many studies have found that LPA has various biological effects in different kinds of bone cells. These findings suggest that LPA is a potent regulator of bone development and remodeling and holds promising application potential in bone tissue engineering. Here, we review the recent progress on the biological regulatory function of LPA in bone tissue cells.


Subject(s)
Biological Phenomena , Bone and Bones , Lysophospholipids , Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827435

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic and synergistic effects of QHC (combination of quercetin (Q), hirudin (H) and cinnamaldehyd (C)) on Schwann cell differentiation and myelination against high glucose (HG) induced injury.@*METHODS@#Primary-culture Schwann cells exposed to HG (50 mmol/L) for 72 h and Schwann cell-dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron cocultures exposed to HG (50 mmol/L) for 7 days were employed as in vitro model of diabetic neuropathy. The cells were randomly divided into 10 groups: control (CON, 25 mmol/L glucose), HG (50 mmol/L glucose), HG plus 10 μmol/L quercetin (Q), HG plus 0.04 IU/mL hirudin (H), HG plus 100 nmol/L cinnamaldehyd (C), HG plus 10 μmol/L quercetin and 0.04 IU/mL hirudin (QH), HG plus 10 μmol/L quercetin and 50 nmol/L cinnamaldehyd (QC), HG plus 0.04 IU/mL hirudin and 50 nmol/L cinnamaldehyd (HC), HG plus 10 μmol/L quercetin, 0.04 IU/mL hirudin and 50 nmol/L cinnamaldehyd (QHC) or 10 μmol/L U0126. Cell differentiation was evaluated by periaxin immunofluorescence staining. The protein expression levels of myelin protein zero (P0), myelin basic protein (MBP), myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p-ERK, p-c-Jun, c-Jun, notch intracellular domain (NICD) and the mRNA expression levels of P0, MBP, MAG, Krox-20, Notch1 and Jagged1 were detected by Western blotting and real-time quantitative PCR analysis. The secretion of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The number and length of the myelin segments were evaluated by MBP immunofluorescence staining. The expression and the location of p-ERK in cocultures were detected by MAG and p-ERK immunofluorescence double staining.@*RESULTS@#Co-treatment with Q, C, H and their combination promoted Schwann cell differentiation, increased CNTF secretion, up-regulated the protein and mRNA expressions of myelin, and increased the number and length of the myelin segments (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In particular, the combination therapy of Q, H and C was superior to the respective monotherapy (P<0.01). Combination therapy of QHC exhibited higher inhibitory activities for ERK signaling related molecules than each monomer or the combination of the two monomers (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#QHC combination yielded synergy in promoting Schwann cell differentiation and myelination and the protective effect may involve in the inhibition of ERK signaling pathway, providing scientific evidence for better understanding of combination of Q, H and C in clinical applications.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1752-1755, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825337

ABSTRACT

@#Primary angle-closure glaucoma(PACG)is one of the most common types of sight-threatening glaucoma. Patients with PACG often have abnormal ocular anatomical variations when compared to normal subjects. With the development of ophthalmic imaging technology, the knowledge is accumulating on the correlation between ocular biometric parameters and PACG pathogenesis and development. It is now known that parameters such as the anterior chamber(AC)depth, AC area, AC volume, AC width, AC angle parameters, iris parameters, lens thickness and positioning, lens vault, ciliary body positioning and thickness, and choroid thickness are all correlated with the pathogenesis of PACG. The associations between PACG and corneal thickness, corneal curvature and corneal diameter need to be further confirmed. Research on the ocular biometry measurement plays important role in the prevention and treatment of PACG.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824268

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the genotoxicity of naproxen (NPX) impurities acetylnerolin (Ace). METHODS The genotoxicity of Ace was predicted by ADMET, Derek and Sarah with the quanti?tative structure-activity relationship (QSAR). The chromosomal aberration and bacterial reverse-muta?tion (Ames) tests were performed to verify the above results. In chromosomal aberration tests, CHL cells were incubated with Ace 10, 20 and 40 mg · L-1 for 4 h in the presence or absence of metabolic activation system solution (S9 mix). Methyl methane sulfonate (MMS) 20 mL · L-1 without S9 mix and cyclophosphamide (CP) 12 mg · L-1 with S9 mix served as positive control. The number of chromo?somes in each aberrant metaphase (including fissure, exchange, ring, break and polyploid) was counted and recorded, when the distortion rate less than 5%was considered negative and more than 10%was considered positive. In Ames test, the potential mutagenicity was evaluated using five strains of S. typhimurium ( TA97,TA98,TA100,TA102 and TA1535). They were treated with Ace 5, 25, 125 and 625μg per plate with or without S9 mix and incubated for 48-72 h. When without S9 mix, Dexon 50μg per plate served as positive control for TA97 and TA98, MMS 2.0μL per plate served as positive control for TA100 and TA102, and sodium azide 1.5μg per plate served as positive control for TA1535. When with S9 mix, 2-AF 100 μg per plate served as positive control for TA97, TA98 and TA100, 1, 8-dihydroxyanthraquinone (100μg per plate) served as positive control for TA102 and CP 50μg per plate served as positive control for TA1525. When the number of colonies was at least two-fold that of the negative control, the compound was considered mutagenic. RESULTS Although the Derek and Sarah software predicted that the NPX impurities were not genotoxic, ADMET data showed that Ace could induce chromosomal aberrations. The distortion rate of Ace 40 mg · L-1 was greater than 5%, but less than 10%. The distortion rate of Ace was less than 5%when<20 mg·L-1. Consistent with the results of ADMET, Ace might induce chromosomal aberrations. Ames test results showed that Ace did not signifi?cantly increase the number of bacteria (5-625μg per plate) compared with the negative control. Contrary to the ADMET results, Ace had no mutagenicity. CONCLUSION Ace has potential chromosomal muta?genicity. For life-long usage of NPX, the content of Ace should be reduced from 0.15%of conventional impurities to 0.015%.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872979

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Objective::To explore the mechanism of Suanzaoren Tang in improving learning and memory impairment induced by sleep deprivation based on Toll-like receptor (TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Method::The experimental rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, melatonin group (2.5×10-4 g·kg-1·d-1) and Suanzaoren Tang group (12.96 g·kg-1·d-1). Except the blank group, the chronic sleep deprivation model was established in other groups. After 28 days of continuous administration, the learning and memory of the rats were assessed by Morris water maze. The expressions of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression levels of TLR4, NF-κB p65 and nuclear transcription factor inhibitory protein α (IκBα) in the hippocampus of rats were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expressions of TLR4, IκBα, p-IκBα and NF-κB p65 in the hippocampus of rats were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Result::Compared with the blank group, the platform latency, total swimming distance and the first landing time of the model group increased significantly (P<0.01), while the number of crossing platforms and target quadrant time decreased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the platform latency, total swimming distance and the first platform time were reduced in the melatonin group and the Suanzaoren group (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the number of crossing platforms and target quadrants time were increased(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in the model group were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in the serum of melatonin group and Suanzaoren Tang group decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 in the hippocampus of the model group were increased (P<0.01), while mRNA and protein expression levels of IκBα were decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 in the hippocampus of melatonin group and Suanzaoren Tang group decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while the mRNA and protein expression levels of IκBα increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the protein expression level of p-IκBα in the hippocampus of the model group was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the protein expression level of IκBα in the hippocampus of melatonin group and Suanzaoren Tang group was increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Suanzaoren Tang can improve learning and memory impairment induced by sleep deprivation in rats, and its mechanism may be related to its inhibition of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in hippocampus.

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