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1.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 531-538, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943030

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) in the comprehensive treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods: Literatures were screened from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CBM, Wanfang Data, VIP and CNKI from the inception date to May 2021 to collect the randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of TNT followed by total mesorectal excision (TME) versus neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCRT) followed by TME in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. The data of overall survival, disease-free survival, R0 radical resection rate, pathological complete response (pCR) rate, T downstaging rate, the incidence of adverse events ≥ grade III, including neutropenia, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, radiation dermatitis and nervous system toxicity, and the morbidity of complications within postoperative 30 days of the two groups were extracted from the included literatures. Review Manager 5.3 software was utilized for statistical meta-analysis. Results: Nine RCTs were finally enrolled including 2430 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that compared with nCRT group, patients in TNT group had longer overall survival (HR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.65-0.97, P=0.03) and higher pCR rate (RR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.44-2.08, P<0.01) with significant differences. Besides, there were no significant differences between two groups in disease-free survival (HR=0.86, 95%CI:0.71-1.05, P=0.14), R0 radical resection rate (RR=1.02, 95%CI: 0.99-1.06, P=0.17) and T downstaging rate (RR=1.04, 95%CI: 0.89-1.22, P=0.58) between two groups. In terms of treatment safety, the incidence of adverse events ≥ grade III (RR=1.09, 95%CI: 0.70-1.70, P=0.70) and morbidity of complications within postoperative 30 days (RR=1.07, 95%CI: 0.97-1.18, P=0.19) did not significantly differ between two groups. Conclusions: In the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer, TNT may bring more survival benefits than nCRT and does not increase the incidence of adverse events and postoperative complications. Therefore, TNT could be used as a recommended treatment for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Chemoradiotherapy/methods , Disease-Free Survival , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasms, Second Primary/pathology , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Rectum/pathology , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 127-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931132

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the methylation status of sine oculis homeobox homolog1 (Six1) in patients with gastric cancer and analyze its relationship with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients.Methods:The tumor and para-cancerous tissues of 148 patients with gastric cancer diagnosed and treated in Aerospace Center Hospital from September 2015 to December 2017 were collected. The methylation-specific PCR method (MSP) was used to detect the methylation status of the Six1 gene, and 100 normal people who underwent gastroscopy biopsy during the same period served as the control group. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between Six1 methylation status and clinical pathological characteristics of patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the relationship between Six1 methylation status and prognostic survival in patients with gastric cancer.Results:Six1 gene methylation rate in tumor tissue was lower than that in adjacent tissues or in control group, and the differences were statistically significant: 24.32%(36/148) vs. 89.19%(132/148), 96.00%(96/100)( P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that Six1 gene methylation rate was higher in patients with tumor diameter <5 cm ( χ2 = 8.79, P = 0.003), TNM stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ ( χ2 = 4.93, P = 0.026), highly differentiated tumor ( χ2 = 8.74, P = 0.013), no lymph node metastasis ( χ2 = 4.64, P = 0.031), no distant metastasis ( χ2 = 4.38, P = 0.036), and no invasion of the serosa ( χ2 = 9.85, P = 0.002), and the differences were statistically significant. Multivariate analysis showed that TNM staging ( OR = 4.397, 95% CI 3.141 - 5.157, P = 0.014), tumor differentiation ( OR = 4.491, 95% CI 3.527 - 6.118, P = 0.007), lymph node metastasis ( OR = 4.208, 95% CI 3.823 - 5.195, P = 0.031), distant metastasis ( OR = 4.225, 95% CI 3.956 - 5.437, P = 0.026), and depth of invasion ( OR = 4.509, 95% CI 3.206 - 5.275, P = 0.011) of patients with gastric cancer were independent risk factors for Six1 gene methylation status. Till to March 2020, the mortality rate of the Six1 gene methylation group was lower than that of the Six1 gene unmethylated group: 44.44%(16/36) vs.71.43% (80/112), the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 8.70, P<0.05). The median survival time of gastric cancer patients with Six1 gene methylation was higher than that of Six1 gene unmethylated (49 months vs. 37 months), and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.019). Conclusions:There is unmethylation of Six1 gene in patients with gastric cancer, which may be involved with the occurrence of gastric cancer. Patients′ TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree, and lymph node metastasis are independent risk factors for Six1 gene methylation status in gastric cancer patients. The prognosis of gastric cancer patients with Six1 gene methylation is better.

3.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 246-249, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907536

ABSTRACT

Several studies have shown that human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) amplification could be a predictive biomarker of resistance to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibodies in patients with RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Dual HER2 inhibition with trastuzumab plus lapatinib or pertuzumab has shown promising preliminary anti-tumoral efficacy in RAS wild-type mCRC. HER2-targeted therapeutic strategies have the potential to change the treatment paradigm for a clinically relevant subgroup of patients with mCRC.

4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 31-37, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988321

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation between vasculogenic mimicry (VM) and MIG-7 in osteosarcoma, as well as their roles in the prognosis, and to establish a model for predicting the prognosis of osteosarcoma. Methods VM was identified by CD31/PAS double-staining in 156 cases of AJCC stage Ⅱ extremity osteosarcoma. Tumor samples were also immunohistochemically stained for MIG-7 to determine whether it was associated with the occurrence of VM. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify prognostic factors and a prognostic nomogram for predicting 3- and 5-year OS and MFS was constructed. C-index and calibration curves were used to verify the predictive accuracy of the model. Results The MIG-7 expression in osteosarcoma tissues was associated with VM formation, but MIG-7 expression was not associated with gender, age, AJCCⅡA/ⅡB stage, tumor location, surgical type or histological response to pre-operative chemotherapy. Survival analysis showed that MIG-7 expression, VM and pre-operative chemotherapy were identified as three independent prognostic factors. The value of C-index in nomogram was greater than 0.7. The predicted calibration curve was similar to the standard curve. Conclusion MIG-7 accelerates the progression of osteosarcoma by promoting VM formation, and may also affect prognosis through other mechanisms. The nomogram could afford accurate prognosis prediction and individualized diagnosis and treatment for osteosarcoma patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 790-797, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize clinical characteristics of and treatment experience with patients with critical illnesses in a dermatological ward.Methods:All patients with serious or life-threatening conditions, who were hospitalized at the dermatological ward of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from July 9, 2011 to December 31, 2020, were collected, and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic characteristics, disease types and proportions, main complications, causes of serious or life-threatening conditions, important treatment measures and outcomes were summarized, and causes of death were also analyzed and discussed.Results:A total of 1 057 patients with critical illnesses were collected, with a male-to-female ratio of 1∶1.11, and 64.81% of them aged 18 to 65 years. The types of diseases mainly included drug eruptions (332 cases) , connective tissue diseases (226 cases) , bullous skin diseases (104 cases) , psoriasis (57 cases) , erythroderma (45 cases) , infectious skin diseases (67 cases) , etc. Among them, psoriasis (39 cases) and erythroderma (32 cases) mostly occurred in males, and connective tissue diseases (168 cases) mostly occurred in females. Common complications mainly involved infections, important organ damage or dysfunction, hypoalbuminemia, and fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalances. A total of 94 patients were diagnosed with life-threatening conditions, which were found to be mainly caused by primary skin diseases, hematologic abnormalities, respiratory failure, nervous system abnormalities, renal failure, sepsis, fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalances, etc. During the management of critical illnesses, 43 patients were treated with high-dose glucocorticoid pulse therapy, 264 were treated with gamma-globulin pulse therapy, 355 were transfused with other blood products, and 34 received special therapies such as hemoperfusion/immunoadsorption therapy, plasma exchange, dialysis, artificial liver support therapy; 42 patients were transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) , 12 were transferred to the department of surgery for operations, and 12 were transferred to the department of obstetrics and gynecology for delivery or induction of labor. After treatment, 989 patients (93.57%) achieved improvement and were discharged. A total of 14 patients (1.32%) died, of whom 7 died of secondary sepsis, 2 died of severe pulmonary infections, 2 died of asphyxia caused by respiratory mucosa shedding-induced airway obstruction, the other 3 died of gastrointestinal hemorrhage, cerebral hemorrhage and neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus, respectively.Conclusions:Critical cases in the dermatological ward mainly suffered from serious skin diseases such as severe drug eruptions, connective tissue diseases and bullous skin diseases, as well as complications such as severe underlying diseases, severe organ dysfunction, sepsis or severe fluid, electrolyte and acid-base imbalances. In terms of treatment, it is of critical significance to make a clear diagnosis and assess the severity of disease as early as possible, monitor and prevent possible complications, and to consult with specialists in relevant disciplines in time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 903-907, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861004

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of quantitative parameters of multi-parameter MR imaging (mp-MRI) for estimating aggressiveness of peripheral prostate cancer. Methods: Totally 41 peripheral prostate cancer patients (69 prostate cancer tissue samples) who underwent mp-MRI were collected. The scanning images were post-processed, and mp-MRI quantitative pseudo-color maps were obtained. Quantitative parameters of tumor tissue were measured, respectively. The samples were divided into ISUP<3 group (n=27) and ISUP ≥3 group (n=42) according to pathological ISUP grading. The parameters of mp-MRI were compared between two groups, and their diagnostic efficacy for ISUP<3 and ISUP≥3 peripheral prostate cancer was evaluated by using ROC curves. Results: ADC of ISUP<3 group was higher than that of ISUP≥3 group (P<0.05), while Ktrans value of ISUP<3 group was lower than that of ISUP≥3 group (P<0.05). Using independent predictors to estimate ISUP<3 and ISUP≥3 prostate cancer, taken 0.55 mm2/s as the cutoff value of ADC, the sensitivity was 0.80, specificity was 0.71, accuracy was 0.74 and AUC was 0.81, when taken 80.77×10-3/min as the cutoff value of Ktrans, the sensitivity was 0.85, specificity was 0.49, accuracy was 0.59 and AUC was 0.69. Using combination of the two above indicators, when cutoff value of was 0.290 1, the sensitivity was 0.90, specificity was 0.65, accuracy was 0.75 and AUC was 0.81. Conclusion: ADC and Ktrans of mp-MRI can be used as independent predictors to estimate aggressiveness of peripheral prostate cancer, and the combination of ADC and Ktrans is more effective than each single ones.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2772-2783, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828084

ABSTRACT

Periplocae Cortex is a traditional Chinese medicine in China, which is mainly produced in northeast China, north China, northwest China, southwest China. In recent years, the increasing in-depth research resulted in the discovery of anti-tumor and cardiac pharmacological activities of Periplocae Cortex, which has broad application prospects. On the basis of summarizing chemical components and pharmacological effects, combined with the theoretical system of Q-marker, the quality control components of Periplocae Cortex were predicted from the aspects of the correlation between chemical composition and traditional medicinal properties, traditional efficacy, and new clinical use, plasma composition, measurable composition, storage time by analyzing literature. Among the components, periplocoside, periplocin, periplogenin, 4-methoxy salicylaldehyde showed significant activity, which provides a scientific basis for quality evaluation of Periplocae Cortex.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 469-474, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810697

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the effect on the flow conditions of adhesives and the retention force of restorations among different cement-retained methods of implant-supported fixed prostheses.@*Methods@#Four common cement-retained methods were selected, including the occlusal hole for screw access (OH), the lingual hole for adhesives overflow (LH), the resin replica for titanium abutment (RR), and the traditional cement-retained method (the control group). The adhesive used in this study was resin-modified glass ionomer cement. The two-dimensional analysis models of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) were established. The flow conditions of adhesives in the adhesion process was analyzed by the CFD analysis. The internal filling ratio and the amount of neck overflow of adhesives below the edge of the prosthesis were calculated. Ten zirconia prostheses in each group were processed and cemented. The retention force was examined by mechanical tensile experiments in vitro.@*Results@#The CFD analysis showed the internal filling ratio of adhesives from high to low was the LH group, the OH group, the RR group and the control group. The amount of neck overflow of adhesives below the edge of the prosthesis from less to more was the RR group, the OH group, the LH group and the control group. The retention force was (240.7±33.9) N in the control group, (278.2±59.1) N in the OH group, (292.9±47.9) N in the LH group, and (262.8±59.4) N in the RR group. There was a statistically significant difference in the retention force between the LH group and the control group (P=0.029). There was no significant difference among the other groups (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#The modified cement-retained methods can effectively reduce the amount of neck overflow of adhesives, and improve the filling condition of adhesive in the adhesive clearance to ensure the retention force of the prostheses. Clinically, the appropriate modified cement-retained method should be selected according to the three-dimensional position of the implant and the position of prosthetic margin.

9.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 1057-1061,1106, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779465

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the mechanism of the influencing factors of myopia for junior high school students in China. Methods Based on the follow-up to 7 119 students in the 3 waves of questionnaire survey of the Chinese Education Panel Survey in junior high school stage, and the variables on students’ myopia status, myopia influencing factors, and two kinds of risk behaviors of myopia including near visual activities and outdoor activities, the mediation effects of the myopia risk behaviors were tested by Logistic regression model. Results The myopia prevalence of 9th graders before junior high school graduation was 66.36%. Time on writing homework significantly increased the risk of myopia,the odds ratio (OR) was 1.17,the 95% confidence interval (CI) was 1.13-1.21, and the time on outdoor sports significantly decreased the risk of myopia (OR=0.80,95% CI:0.75-0.86). Before and after including the risk behaviors into the model, the myopia risk OR(95% CI) of female centralized from 1.84(1.66-2.04) to 1.69(1.51-1.88), the myopia risk OR(95% CI) of urban students’centralized from 1.19(1.03-1.37) to 1.16(1.00-1.34), the myopia risk OR(95% CI) of only children’centralized from 1.20(1.06-1.36) to 1.18(1.04-1.33). With reference to not myopic for both parents, the myopia risk OR(95% CI) of students having one myopic parent centralized from 2.47(2.12-2.88) to 2.44(2.09-2.85), the myopia risk OR(95% CI) of students having parent without myopic centralized from 4.25(3.09-5.86) to 4.13(3.00-5.69). Conclusions Gender, urban and rural, only child, and myopic parents are influencing factors of myopia. These factors have effects on myopia via two kinds of risk behaviors including outdoor activities and near visual activities.

10.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 527-531, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778706

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Chinese ninth grade students and to analyze the influential factors that contribute to this situation. Methods A total of 5 967 students were selected from the 2016 China Education Panel Survey. Chi-square test was used to examine the differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among different groups and Logistic regression models were used to analyze the factors affecting obesity in boys and girls. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 15.23%, 18.55% and 11.84% in total, male and female ninth grade students respectively. The multiple Logistic regression analysis indicated that the risk factors between boys and girls were significantly different. The main factors affecting boys obesity rate were one-child, boarding, both parents obesity, taking health education courses, having indoor stadium and screen time. Meanwhile, for girls the factors were boarding, both parents obesity and sports time. Conclusions Schools should arrange the schedule of boarding students and offer health education courses based on the characteristics of boys and girls. Meanwhile schools should unite parents to control adolescents’ screen time and nutrition balance, which is benefit for preventing adolescents overweight and obesity.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1507-1511, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750528

ABSTRACT

@#Diabetic retinopathy(DR), one of the major complications of diabetes which can causes diabetic macular edema and visual loss. Vascular changes in DR correlate with the cellular damage and pathological changes in the capillaries of blood-retinal barrier. Several cytokines have been involved in inducing neovascularization. These cytokines activate different signaling pathways which are mainly responsible for the complications of DR. MicroRNAs(miRNAs)have been introduced as the key factors in the regulation of the cytokine expression which plays a critical role in neovascularization of retinal cells. Some studies have shown that changing levels of miRNAs have essential role in the pathophysiology of vascular changes in patients with DR. This paper reviews the role of microRNAs in the pathogenesis of DR by activating the angiogenesis pathway.

12.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 127-132, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744758

ABSTRACT

Objective Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity (FC) were used to study obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD),and to explore the mechanism of OCD in resting state.Method Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) was performed in 55 patients with OCD (OCD group) and 50 normal controls (control group) matched by sex,age,nationality and education.The data and screening abnormal brain areas were analyzed and compared by DPARSFA2.3 and Rest software in OCD group.Whole brain FC analysis was performed with abnormal brain areas as seed points.Result Compared with the control group,ReHo in right thalamus (MNI:x=9,y=-24,z=6,t=4.3217) and left superior marginal gyrus (MNI:x =-45,y =-30,z =27,t =3.6320) increased and ReHo in right caudate nucleus (MNI:x=3,y=15,z=9,t=-3.1687) decreased in obsessive-compulsive disorder group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Using left superior marginal gyrus,fight thalamus and right caudate nucleus as seed voxels,the whole brain FC analysis showed that there were abnormal functional connections between bilateral cerebellar foot 1/2 area and left supramarginal gyrus,right thalamus and right caudate nucleus (P<0.05) and the left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1 area-right thalamic circuit and left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1,2-right caudate nucleus-right thalamic circuit existed in 0CD group.Conclusion The left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1 area-right thalamic circuit and left supramarginal gyrus-bilateral cerebellum feet 1,2-right caudate nucleus-right thalamic circuit may play an important role in the mechanism of OCD.

13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 359-363, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792739

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of Metapex for root canal therapy of deciduous teeth. Methods Based on the key words"Metapex paste" and"Root canal therapy of deciduous teeth" , the Chinese database, such as China national knowledge infrastructure, Wanfang database and Weipu database were retrieved. Based on the key words"Metapex" and"deciduous teeth" , the English databases such as PubMed and Medline were retrieved. Collecting random controlled trials about Metapex paste with root canal therapy of deciduous teeth from the beginning of their establishment to August 2017. Do Meta analysis using Rev Man 5.3 software for homogeneous studies, calculating risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) . Results Twelve studies were included. Meta analysis showed that Metapex was more effective in root canal therapy of deciduous teeth compared with zinc oxide eugenol iodoform paste after 1 year (RR=1.11, 95% CI: 1.01-1.22); The clinical effectiveness of Metapex paste was better than calcium hydroxide after 6 months and 1 year (RR6 mouths=1.06, 95% CI: 1.03-1.09; RR1 year=0.17, 95% CI: 1.03-1.10); There was no obvious difference between Metapex and ZOE after 6 months (RR=1.13, 95% CI:1.00-1.27) . Conclusion Metapex paste can improve the success rate on root canal therapy of deciduous teeth , is a more ideal root canal filling material of deciduous teeth .

14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 964-967, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the wet paper roasting technology of Rheum palmatum. METHODS:Weighted comprehensive score composed of external properties of R. palmatum roasting with wet paper,the content of extract,total content of anthraquinone,free anthraquinones,conjugated anthraquinone and sennoside A+sennoside B,which were used as investigation indexes. L9(34)orthogonal test was adopted to investigate the three factors as the amount of paper,roasting time and roasting temperature,and optimized wet paper roasting technology of R. palmatum. Validation test was conducted. RESULTS:The optimal roasting technology was as follows as 100 g R. palmatum covered with 12 g paper,processing at 120 ℃,for 2 h. The results of validation test and pilot test showed the average comprehensive scores of roasted R. palmatum were 84.99(RSD<2.0%,n=3) and 85.06(RSD<2.5%,n=3),respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The optimal processing technology is simple and convenient with good reproducibility and operability.It lays a technical foundation for the standardized preparation of stewed R.palmatum.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 379-384, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RASI) and hydrocortisone combination on the murine asthma model and the mechanism.@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control group, blood stasis model group, asthma model group, HSS group, RASI group and RASI+HSS group (=12). Ovalbumin (OVA) was used to replicate mice asthma model and hydrocortisone sodium succinate (HSS) to copy blood stasis model. Effects of RASI, HSS and their combination on hemorheology, anti-asthma (asthmatic behaviors, lung function, lung index and water content in lung tissue) were observed. and anti-asthma mechanisms The expression of relative cytokines, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) was detected by ELISA and immunohistochemistry respectively.@*RESULTS@#Eight g/kg RASI, 0.05 g/kg HSS and their combination could significantly relieve asthma behavioral indicators, improve lung function, reduce lung index and water content in lung tissue, decrease the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 in broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and inhibit the high expression of HMGB1, TLR4 and NF-κB in lung tissue. The improvement of lung function and the decrease in level of relative cytokines (TNF-α、IL-1βIL-6) were better in RASI+HSS group than those in RASI group and HSS group, and the inhibition of protein expression of TLR4 and NF-κB was also too. Combined administration of RASI and hydrocortisone could decrease serum thromboxane B2 (TXB2) content and blood viscosity, which were increased induced by hydrocortisone.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Combined administration of RASI and hydrocortisone have obvious anti-asthma effects and one of the mechanisms is to inhibit protein synthetization of HMGB1, TLR4 and NF-κB.The combined administration of RASI and hydrocortisone has stronger improvement of lung function than that of RASI and hydrocortisone alone, and it may be related to the inhibition of TLR4 and NF-κB synthetization. The combined administration of RASI can alleviate abnormal changes of hemorheology induced by hydrocortisone in treatment of asthma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anti-Asthmatic Agents , Asthma , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cytokines , Hydrocortisone , Lung , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B
16.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2014-2020, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752157

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect of macrophage foaming by Yinlan Tianzhi formula (YLTZ) and to explain its effects on lipid-induced inflammation and LXRα-ABCA1 signal pathway. Methods: The model of macrophage foaming was induced by incubating the RAW264.7 cells or BMMs with ox-LDL (50 mg·L-1). The serum containing YLTZ was prepared. The cells were divided into blank group, model group, and drug group. After drug intervention, MTT method was used to detect cell proliferation. The lipid accumulation in cells was observed by oil red O staining, and GPO-PAP method was used to determine the total cholesterol content in cells. Protein and mRNA levels were determined by Western blot and RT- qPCR. Results: Compared with control group, after YLTZ treatment, the lipid level was significantly decreased, and the level of mRNA and protein of LXRα and ABCA1 were significant increased. The expression of inflammatory factor COX2 and iNOS was significantly decreased. Conclusion: YLTZ inhibits macrophage foaming through enhancing LXRα-ABCA1 pathway and suppressing of inflammatory response.

17.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 115-118, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707174

ABSTRACT

The main pathogenesis of functional constipation in children is the disturbance of large intestine conduction function, so the treatment of lubricating bowel and purging stool, dispersing food and abducting stagnation, nourishing blood and enriching yin is used in clinic. According to the characteristics of the physiopathologic of children, based on the clinical practice, this article believed that the occurrence of this disease was closely related to the ascending the clear of the spleen, the descending turbidity of the stomach, the dispersion of the lung and the catharsis of the liver. The root of pathogenesis is disturbance in ascending and descending of the functional activities of qi, so it is effective to treat the disease with the theory of qi ascending and descending.

18.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 737-740, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of excessive inflammation in the lung of C3H/HeN(C3H) mice following Chlamydia muridarum(Cm) airway infection.Methods:Chlamydial pneumonitis was induced in C3H and C57BL/6(C57) mice by intranasal inoculation with 1×103IFU (inclusion forming unites) of Cm strains.The expression of TLR2,TLR4 and MyD88 mRNA in the lung at different time point post-infection was measured by RT-PCR.Results:Cm infection induced Toll-like receptors expression in two strains of mice.The expression of TLR2 and TLR4 mRNA,especially TLR2 mRNA(P<0.001 or P<0.05),were significantly higher in highly susceptible C3H mice on day 7 and day 14 d post-infection compared with C57 mice.Further studies showed that the expression of MyD88 mRNA was also significantly higher in C3H mice on day 7 post-infection,and maintained high expression untill the day 14.Conclusion:Cm lung infection induced high level of TLR2,TLR4 and MyD88 mRNA expression in C3H mice,which may associate with excessive inflammation in C3H mice.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 390-400, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690900

ABSTRACT

Necrosis is a form of cell death, which is related to various serious diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and neurodegeneration. Necrosis-avid agents (NAAs) selectively accumulated in the necrotic tissues can be used for imaging and/or therapy of related diseases. The aim of this study was to preliminarily investigate necrosis avidity of I-evans blue (I-EB) and its mechanism. The biodistribution of I-EB at 24 h after intravenous administration showed that the radioactivity ratio of necrotic to viable tissue was 3.41 in the liver and 11.82 in the muscle as determined by counting in model rats. Autoradiography and histological staining displayed preferential uptake of I-EB in necrotic tissues. nuclear extracts from necrotic cells exhibited 82.3% of the uptake in nuclei at 15 min, as well as 79.2% of the uptake at 2 h after I-EB incubation. The DNA binding study demonstrated that evans blue (EB) has strong binding affinity with calf-thymus DNA (CT-DNA) (=5.08×10 L/(mol/L)). Furthermore, the accumulation of I-EB in necrotic muscle was efficiently blocked by an excess amount of unlabeled EB. In conclusion, I-EB can not only detect necrosis by binding the DNA released from necrotic cells, but also image necrotic tissues generated from the disease clinically.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 158-161, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513252

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of Dkk3 and Cyclin D1 protein in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and clinical significance.Methods Immunohistochemistry was used to detect Dkk-3 and Cyclin D1 protein expression level in 80 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and corresponding para-cancer tissue.Results The expression of Dkk-3 in hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly lower than those in corresponding para-cancer tissue (P < 0.05) and the expression of Cyclin D1 in hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly higher than those in CoTesponding para-cancer tissue (P < 0.05).The up-regulation of Cyclin D1 and the down-regulation of Dkk-3 proteins were correlated with pathologic differentiation degree (P <0.05).There was a significant inverse correlation between Dkk3 and Cyclin D1 expression (P =0.044,rs =-0.226).Conclusion The abnormal expression of Dkk-3 and Cyclin D1 gene in human hepatocellular carcinoma suggest that Dkk-3 and Cyclin D1 gene may play an important role in the development and progression of the cancer.The combination deteetion of the two biomarkers may provide valuable data for diagnosis and prognosis estimation of HCC.

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