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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872622

ABSTRACT

Eight polyacetylenes were isolated from the extract of the stems and leaves of Chrysanthemum morifolium by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined as 2E,4E,12Z-tetradecatriene-1-pyrrolidine-1-oxo-8,10-diynoic (1), tetradeca-2E,4E,12E-trien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (2), tetradeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10-diynoic acid pyrrolidide (3), tetradeca-2E,4E,10Z-trien-8-ynoic acid pyrrolidide (4), 2E,4E,12E-tetradecatriene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (5), 2E,4E-undecyldiene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide (6), 2E,4E,10E-N-isobutyl-2,4,10-tetradecatrien-8-ynoic acid amide (7), and undeca-2E,4E-diene-8,10-diynoic acid phenylethylamide (8) by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectra. Among them, compound 1 is a new polyacetylene, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Compounds 5-8 inhibited the proliferation of A549 cell significantly at certain concentration, showing potent antitumor activity.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2803-2807, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877935

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cell immunotherapy is recognized as a promising anti-tumor strategy, but whether it plays a role in poor CD4 recovery among human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected patients is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of allogeneic NK cells immunotherapy on HIV-1 immunological non-responders (INRs) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).@*METHODS@#From February to April 2018, a prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label clinical trial, which enrolled 20 HIV-1 INRs following specific inclusion criteria, was conducted at Nankai University Second People's Hospital. Participants were randomly allocated (simple randomization 1:1) to either the combined treatment (NK + ART) group (n = 10) or the control (ART) group (n = 10). The allogenic highly activated NK cells from killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)/human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Cw mismatched healthy donor were prepared (10 cells in each injection) and intravenously infused to each recruited patient of NK+ART group in three courses. Key immune parameters (CD4 count, CD8 count, CD4/CD8 ratio), laboratory tests (count of blood cells, biochemistry panel) and symptoms at baseline and at month 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 were measured/collected to analyze the safety and efficacy of the therapy. Comparisons were between the seven time-points of both groups using repeated measurement analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) model was performed to evaluate the overall effect of the NK+ART group vs. the ART group.@*RESULTS@#From baseline to 24 months, we noted a mean CD4 count augmentation (139 to 243 cells/μL) in the NK + ART group and (144 to 176 cells/μL) in the ART group (difference, 67; 95% CI, 10 to 124; P = 0.024). Our estimations revealed that NK+ART group could improve CD4 level (β = 54.59, P = 0.006) and CD8 level (β = 322.47, P = 0.010) on average among the six measurements compared with the ART group. Only two (2/10, 20%) participants in the NK+ART group developed a transient mild fever after the first course.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This preliminary study informs that HIV-1 INRs, allogenic NK cells immunotherapy is safe and could significantly improve CD4 recovery but not CD4/CD8 ratio. The practical effects, however, need long-term follow-up observations. Further study on the potential underlying mechanism is warranted. REGISTRATION INFO:: www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=34912 (No. ChiCTR1900020634).


Subject(s)
CD4 Lymphocyte Count , HIV Infections/therapy , HIV-1 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural , Prospective Studies , Viral Load
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1836-1840, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825157

ABSTRACT

This paper mainly studied the effect of Xiyanping injection on the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced fever in rabbits, preliminarily investigated the mechanisms, and provided pharmacological basis for the clinical application. The rabbit model of endotoxin-induced fever was established by using LPS as the inducer; The changes of rectal temperature were measured; The levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and phospholipaseA2 (PLA2) in the serum were measured; The levels of PGE2, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and arginine vasopressin (AVP) in cerebrospinal fluid as well as hypothalamus were detected. The animal welfare and experimental process are in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of China Pharmaceutical University in this study. The results showed that Xiyanping injection (12.5, 25, and 50 mg·kg-1) could significantly reduce LPS-upregulated body temperature of rabbits, and the duration of action could reach 5.5-8.5 h. At the doses of 25 and 50 mg·kg-1, the antipyretic effect of Xiyanping injection was comparable to that of analgin injection (50 mg·kg-1). Furthermore, Xiyanping injection and analgin injection both reduced the levels of PGE2, IL-1β, TNF-α, and PLA2 in the serum of febrile rabbits to the varying degrees. In addition, Xiyanping injection also down-regulated the levels of PGE2, cAMP, and AVP in the hypothalamus, and PGE2 and cAMP in the cerebrospinal fluid. The level of AVP in the cerebrospinal fluid was up-regulated. This study indicated that Xiyanping injection could significantly improve the endotoxin-induced fever in rabbits, and mechanisms were closely related to the regulation of the levels of PGE2, TNF-α, IL-1β, PLA2, cAMP, and AVP in serum, hypothalamus, and cerebrospinal fluid.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1506-1512, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the substance basis and mechanism of Xiaochaihu decoction in treatment of sepsis, and to provide reference for clinical application and R&D of the decoction. METHODS: Based on TCM integrative pharmacology platform (TCMIP), chemical component analysis of Xiaochaihu decoction, disease target prediction, gene function and pathway enrichment analysis were all performed. The multi-dimensional network relationship of “TCM-chemical components-core targets-key pathways” was established, and the mechanism of Xiaochaihu decoction in treatment of sepsis was investigated. RESULTS: A total of 224 predicted chemical ingredients of Xiaochaihu decoction (including saikoside, ginsenoside, glycyrrhizin, etc.) interacted with 118 key targets about sepsis, including PF4, MYD88, TLR4, CD14, NOS3, etc. Its anti-sepsis mechanism involved nervous system, endocrine system, immune response and energy metabolism, etc. CONCLUSIONS: Based on “neuronal- endocrine-immune-metabolism”, Xiaochaihu decoction achieved its role in regulating sepsis by multi-level, multi-channel and multi-channel. This research may reveal the potential mechanism of Xiaochaihu decoction for sepsis, and the prescription provide theoretical basis for further experimental research of pharmacodynamic substance basis and mechanism of action.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773271

ABSTRACT

Guizhi Decoction is a resolving agent,which is a classic prescription for traditional Chinese medicine. It is effective in the treatment of sepsis in clinical practice. However,due to the complexity of the prescription,its anti-sepsis mechanism is difficult to be clarified. The " Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Radix Alba" drug pair,as the classic compatibility for medicinal and medicinal herbs,is the core of Guizhi Decoction. In this study,Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Radix Alba drug pair was used as the research object and the molecular mechanism of its treatment of sepsis was investigated by analyzing the chemical compositions with integrative pharmacology platform( TCMIP,http://www.tcmip.cn/),predicting disease target,analyzing gene function and pathway of " Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Radix Alba" in treatment of sepsis,and establishing a multi-dimensional network relationship of " Chinese medicine-chemical components-core targets-key pathways". The prediction results of " Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Radix Alba" drug pair showed that its anti-sepsis effect was associated with 45 active components,and the active components played an anti-sepsis role through multiple targets and pathways,involving inflammatory targets such as PF4,MyD88,TLR4,BDKRB2,CD14,and NOS3. The sepsis was relieved mainly by regulating Toll like signaling pathway,Fox O signaling pathway,chemokines signaling pathway,thyroid and insulin endocrine signaling pathways and biological processes. This study provides a scientific basis for further development of Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Radix Alba drug pair and Guizhi Decoction against sepsis.


Subject(s)
Cinnamomum , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sepsis , Drug Therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777522

ABSTRACT

The LPS-induced RAW264. 7 cells inflammation model was used as a carrier to investigate the in vitro anti-inflammation effects of Jingfang n-butanol extraction(JFNE) isolated fraction A and explore its preliminary anti-inflammation mechanism by observing the regulatory effect on PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway and NF-κB pathway. The RAW264. 7 cells inflammation model was established by stimulating with LPS for 12 h. After 3 h pre-treatment with fraction A,the contents of interleukin-6(IL-6),interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor(TNF-α) in the supernatant of RAW264. 7 cells inflammation model were determined by ELISA and the contents of NO in supernatant were assayed by Griess. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) method was used to determine the expression of IL-6,IL-1β,TNF-α,IFN-γ,i NOS,PI3 K,AKT,CHUK,NF-κB1 and Rela mRNA in RAW264. 7 inflammatory cells,and the expression levels of phosphorylated and total PI3 K/AKT protein,NF-κB p50,p65,p-p65,p105 protein in cells were determined via Western blot. In addition,LC-MS and database were used to identify the possible chemical constituents in fraction A. The results showed that fraction A could significantly reduce the release levels of NO,IL-6,IL-1β and TNF-α in the supernatant and the expression of IL-6,IL-1β,TNF-α,IFN-γ,i NOS,PI3 K,AKT,CHUK,NF-κB1 and Rela mRNA in RAW264. 7 inflammation model cells(P<0. 05 or P<0. 01) and significantly inhibit the phosphorylation expression levels of PI3 K and AKT protein and mRNA expressions(P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). Moreover,fraction A could significantly reduce the levels of NF-κB p50,p-p65 and i NOS protein,as well as NF-κB1,Rela mRNA expressions in RAW264. 7 cells,and increase the expression of CHUK gene.A total of 196 compounds were identified from fraction A in the composition analysis,and isoobtusilactone,5-O-methyl-vismitol,emebel(embelin) and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin showed high contents. The results all above showed that fraction A had a certain antiinflammatory effect in LPS-induced RAW264. 7 inflammation model cells,and its anti-inflammatory effects may be related to its regulatory effect on the activation of PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway and NF-kappa B signaling pathway. In addition,emblin may be its effective anti-inflammation chemical composition.


Subject(s)
1-Butanol , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Inflammation , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages , Mice , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777495

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between anti-depressant effect and hippocampal nerve growth of Xiaoyao San,the inflammatory model of hippocampal neuron was induced by lipopolysaccharide( LPS). The effect of Xiaoyao San serum( final concentration of4%,8%) on the cell proliferation activity was detected by immunofluorescence,the levels of BDNF and β-NGF in the supernatant of hippocampal neurons were detected by ELISA,and the expressions of BDNF,NGF,Trk B,Trk A and CREB mRNA in cell lysate of hippocampal neuron were detected by PCR. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of Trk B,CREB,p-CREB and SYP protein in cell lysate of hippocampal neuron,and to reveal the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of Xiaoyao San. The results showed that8% Xiaoyao San serum could significantly increase in Brdu/Neu N ratio( P<0. 01). 4%,8% Xiaoyao San serum could significantly improve the levels of BDNF and β-NGF in supernatant( P<0. 05 or P<0. 01),up-regulate the expression of BDNF,NGF,Trk B,Trk A,CREB mRNA and Trk B,p-CREB,SYP protein in cell lysate( P< 0. 05 or P< 0. 01). 8% Xiaoyao San serum could significantly increase CREB protein in cell lysate( P<0. 05),and elevate in p-CREB/CREB ratio( P<0. 01). All the above results indicate that Xiaoyao San has a certain protective effect on LPS induced hippocampal neuron injury,which suggests that the protective effect of Xiaoyao San is related to the promotion of hippocampal nerve growth,which is one of its antidepressant mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hippocampus , Lipopolysaccharides , Neurons
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802418

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect and mechanism of Xiaoyaosan on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced nerve injury. Method: The 56 rats were randomly divided into control group, sham group, model group, amitriptyline group (10 mg·kg-1), fluoxetine group (10 mg·kg-1), Xiaoyaosan group high and low-dose (30,15 g·kg-1).The nerve injury model rat were established by LPS injection into lateral ventride, rats were administrated for 14 days by gavage. The levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and β-nerve growth factor (β-NGF) in serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and the expressions of BDNF, nerve growth factor (NGF), tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB), tropomyosin receptor kinase A (TrkA), cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) mRNA in hippocampus and cortex were detected by Real-time PCR.Protoin expression of BDNF, TrkB, CREB, p-CREB, postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95), synaptophysin (SYP) in hippocampus and cortex were detected by Western blot. Result: Compared with control group, LPS decreased the level of BDNF and β-NGF in serum(PPPβ-NGF in serum in Xiaoyaosan high and low-dose group were increased significantly (PPPPConclusion: Xiaoyaosan has a certain antagonistic effect on LPS inducednerve injury, which suggests that the effect is related to activate BDNF/NGF-TrkB/TrkA-CREB pathway and upregulated the expression of synaptic protein.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 68-73, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779846

ABSTRACT

The study was designed to test the estrogen-like effects about allantoin. The activity of the allantoin was investigated by mouse uterine weight gain test and MCF-7 cell proliferation assay. The levels of E2, FSH and LH were also measured. ICI182,780, MPP, THC and G15 antagonnist assay and Western blot were adopted to explore the mechanism of allantoin. Allantoin increased the uterus index of premature female mice, the levels of E2 and FSH, and the expression of ERα and GPR30, compared with the control group. Allantoin also promoted the proliferation of MCF-7 cells. Co-incubation of MCF-7 cells with estrogen receptor blockers, ICI182,780, MPP and G15 abolished the inductive effect of the proliferation. These results suggest that allantoin has estrogenic activities, which are mainly mediated by ERα, GPR30.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710150

ABSTRACT

AIM To compare the diuretic effects of Descurainiae Semen (DS),Coicis Semen (CS) and Plantaginis Semen (PS),and to observe their mechanical similarities and differences.METHODS Metabolic cage method was applied to investigating the diuretic effects of DS (2.34 g/kg),CS (7.00 g/kg) and PS (3.50 g/kg),whose diuretic mechanisms were studied by cryoscopic method,enzyme method,ion selective electrode method,ELISA and Western blot.RESULTS DS,CS and PS obviously increased saline-loaded rats' urine volume (P < 0.05) and reduced their body weight (P < 0.05) after administration for 7 h,which exhibited no significant effects on urine creatinine (Ucr),serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)(P > 0.05).DS showed its diuretic effect mainly by lowering the levels of serum Na +,atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP),brain natriuretic peptide (BNP),pulmonary AQP3,renal AQP1 and AQP2;CS showed its diuretic effect mainly by reducing the levels of serum Na +,Cl-,ANP,pulmonary AQP3,gastric AQP3,renal AQP1 and AQP2;PS showed its diuretic effect mainly by decreasing the levels of serum Na + and Cl-,pulmonary AQP3,gastric AQP3,renal AQP1 and AQP2.CONCLUSION Three medicinal materials have significant diuretic effects without obvious renal harm.DS categorized as a medicinal plant of lung channel and tropism has a great effect on netriuretic peptide system,CS categorized as a medicinal plant of spleen channel and tropism has a great effect on gastric AQP3,and PS categorized as a medicinal plant of renal channel and tropism has a great effect on renal AQPs.

11.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 365-368, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705535

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the bacterial endotoxin test for HSSYO-001-3S. Methods: HSSYO-001-3S was dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide,diluted by BET water and centrifuged,and then the supernatant was used for the bacterial endotoxin test. The ex-periment was carried out according to the gel-clot technique for bacterial endotoxin inspection and the related regulations in Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition,volumeⅣ,general rule 1443). Results:HSSYO-001-3S was added with cosolvent and diluted by BET water to 1 mg·ml-1,and there was no interference effects to bacterial endotoxin test from the supernatant diluted four times or more. Conclusion:Bacterial endotoxin test can be used to control the quality of HSSYO-001-3S.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261186

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of lamotrigine monotherapy in children with epilepsy via a systematic review.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PubMed, Cochrane, CNKI, VIP, CBM, Wanfang Data were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of lamotrigine monotherapy in children with epilepsy. Literature screening, data extraction, and quality assessment were performed according to the method recommended by Cochrane Collaboration. RevMan 5.2 software was used to conduct the Meta analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 9 RCTs involving 1 016 participants were included. Lamotrigine yielded a significantly lower complete control rate of seizure than ethosuximide, but the complete control rate of seizure showed no significant differences between lamotrigine and carbamazepine/sodium valproate. Patients treated with lamotrigine had a significantly lower incidence rate of adverse events than those treated with carbamazepine, but the incidence rate of adverse events showed no significant differences between patients treated with lamotrigine and sodium valproate/carbamazepine. The drop-out rate showed no significant differences between the three treatment groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Lamotrigine is an ideal alternative drug for children who do not respond to traditional antiepileptic medication or experience significant adverse reactions; however, more high-quality RCTs with a large sample size and a long follow-up time are needed to confirm these conclusions.</p>


Subject(s)
Anticonvulsants , Therapeutic Uses , Epilepsy , Drug Therapy , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Triazines , Therapeutic Uses
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231008

ABSTRACT

In order to study the protective effects of Schizonepeta volatile oil (Sto)on endotoxin poisoning mice, and the relatively content of each chemical osubstance in Schizonepeta volatile oil was measured using GC-MS. The mare C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five groups including the normal group, model group, dexamethasone group (5 mg•kg⁻¹), and Sto (0.226 and 0.452 g•kg⁻¹, respectively) groups. The dexamethasone group was given the drugs once time by intraperitoneal injection on the 5th day, while the other mice were given drugs by oral administration once a day for 5 days. Then, the normal group was injected with the saline and the other groups were injected LPS (15 mg•kg-1) after 30 minutes of the last administration. After LPS injection twelve hours, the blood, serum, and lung tissue of mice were collected. The IL-18, IL-1β, IL-5, TNF-α, MCP-1, MIP-1β, M-CSF, and GM-CSF were measured in serum by ELISA and Luminex Magpix. The white cell (WBC) and platelet (PLT) in blood were counted and lung, spleen, and thymus index were calculated. The lung histopathology was performed at the same time. The GC-MS results showed that the relative content of menthone and pulegone are 46.67% and 33.92%, respectively. The Sto (0.452 and 0.226 g•kg⁻¹, respectively) reduced the levels of IL-1β, IL-5, TNF-α, MCP-1, MIP-1β, and M-CSF in serum (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The 0.452 g•kg⁻¹ Sto also reduced the levels of IL-18 and GM-CSF in the serum (P<0.01 or P<0.05). And the 0.226 g•kg⁻¹ Sto showed good anti-inflammatory effects by reducing neutrophil infiltration in the lung tissue. But the Sto had no effect on the increasing of WBC, spleen and lung index as well as decreasing of PLT and thymus index. The results showed that Sto has a protective effect in LPS-induced exdotoxin poisoning mice, its mechanism is related to inhibit the release of varies of inflammatory cytokines and reduce the inflammation reaction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230428

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effects and mechanism of Dinggui gel paste analgesic anti-inflammatory.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighty-four male KM mice weighted from 18 to 22 g and aged 4 to 5 weeks were randomly divided into 7 groups, named blank group, model group, matrix control group, Votalin group, high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group with group, equivalent dosage of Dinggui gel paste group, Dinggui gel paste group, 12 mice in each group. Except blank and model group, the other groups were paste ointment for 7 days, and one time a day, matrix control group were pasted isodose blank matrix gel patch. Pain threshold were tested at 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after the last ad-ministration. Hot plate test were performed by injection of 5% formalin for 20 µL on right hindfoot sole after the last administration. The cumulative time of mice licking right rear foot were observed at stage of I and II, and content of IL-1, TNF-α were tested by ELISA method. Differences of weight between right and left ears were measured by ear swelling method and anti-inflammation experiment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In hot plate test at 90 min, pain threshold in equivalent dosage of Dinggui gel paste group was (24.87 ± 14.67) s and (15.28 ± 8.23) s in model group; (26.33 ± 15.45) s in high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group and (15.31 ± 5.02) s in model group at 120 min in hot plate test, there were no statistical differences between two groups. Pain period at stage I, licking cumulative time in high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group was (66.70 ± 22.83) s and (101.80 ± 33.65) s in model group,and had significant differences between two groups; there were statistical differences in licking cumulative time at stage I of pain period among high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group (51.30 ± 43.60)s, equivalent dosage of Dinggui gel paste group (64.00 ± 47.27) sand model group (109.50 ± 36.78) s. Content of IL-1 in model group was (28.70 ± 8.24) ng/L and (13.33 ± 2.20) ng/L in high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group, there was obvious meaning between two groups; There were significant differences in TNF-α content among model group (93.60 ± 23.65) ng/L,high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group (63.21 ± 10.54)ng/L and equivalent dosage of Dinggui gel paste group (72.69 ± 16.26) ng/L; while there were no statistical meaning in ear swelling degree among model group (5.73 ± 0.80) mg,high dosage of Dinggui gel paste group (5.42 ± 0.68) mg and equivalent dosage of Dinggui gel paste group (4.98 ± 1.52) mg.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dinggui gel paste could increase pain threshold, reduce licking accumulative time, and decrease ear swelling degree, and relief pain by regulating level of TNF-α and IL-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Dosage Forms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Mice , Ointments , Pain , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pain Management , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-346501

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of volatile oil of Schizonepetae Herba (VOSH), and its essential components-menthone and pulegone against anti-influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) in vivo and in vitro, as well as the signaling mechanism of its toll-like receptor/interferon (TLR/IFN).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The lung-adapted PR-8 virus model was prepared in mice. They were administered with preventive and therapeutic drugs, and the hemagglutination titer of model animals was determined to evaluate in vivo effect against H1N1. ELISA test was conducted to observe the effect on IFN-alpha, IFN-beta, IL-2, IL-6 and TNF-alpha in serum, as well as IFN-beta secretion in H1N1 infected MDCK supernatant. Real-time RT-PCR was employed to observe the expression levels of IRAK4 and TLR3 mRNA.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The in vivo experiment shows that the hemagglutination titer was significantly decreased when the mice were treated with VOSH (0.266 mg x kg(-1)), menthone(0.5 mg x kg(-1)) and pulegone (0.19 mg x kg(-1)) in therapeutic way; VOSH (0.226 mg x kg(-1)) had a significant effect on increasing serum levels of IFN-alpha, IL-2; Methone (0.5 mg x kg(-1)) had a significant effect on increasing serum levels of IFN-beta; Methone (0.5 mg x kg(-1)) and pulegone (0.19 mg x kg(-1)) had a significant effect on decreasing serum levels of IL-6; VOSH (0.452, 0.226 mg x kg(-1)) and pulegone (0.19 mg x kg(-1)) had a significant effect on decreasing serum levels TNF-alpha. The in vitro experiment showed that the expression levels of IRAK4 mRNA and IFN-beta were significantly increased in VOHS (0.1 g x L(-1)) and pulegone (0.1 g x L(-1)) groups; and the menthone (0.25 g x L(-1)) group showed a significant rise in the expression levels of IRAK4 mRNA, but a notable decline in TLR3 mRNA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The administration with VOSH, methone and pulegone in therapeutic way can significantly decrease the hemagglutination titer, which demonstrates the anti-virus effect of the administration in therapeutic way, but no notable efficacy of the administration in preventive way. The in vivo anti-virus mechanism is related to regulation of IFN-alpha, IFN-beta and IL-2.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Physiology , Influenza, Human , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Interferon-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-1 Receptor-Associated Kinases , Interleukin-2 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Male , Mice , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293202

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To research the effects of moschus, borneol, styrax and benzoinum on the structure and function of blood brain barrier in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury model rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Focal middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was introduced as an in vivo ischemic model in rats. After 2 h MCAO, nylon suture was pulled up 1 cm to give blood reperfusion. After 22 h reperfusion, all animals were decapitated. The ultramicrostructure of blood brain barrier of ischemia hemisphere side in fronto-parietal cortex region by transmission electron microscope, and the content of VEGF and MMP-9 in ischemia side brain tissue were measured by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In model and solvent group rats, the capillary endothelium cells, astro-glial cells and nerve cells in ischemia hemisphere side in fronto-parietal region were emerged in different degree compared with sham-operated groups, which exhibited tight junction between endothelial cells being opened, basal lamina being dissolved, and permeability increasing, and cellularedema. In borneol (0.2 g x kg(-1)) group rats, the structure of three kinds of cells were nearly normal, which tight junction structure was clear, rough endoplasmic reticulum and polyribosome could be found in cytoplasm. In moschus (66.6 mg x kg(-1)) group rats, the structure of capillary endothelium cells and astrocytes were nearly normal as well as the basal lamina, but the electrons in neurons was maldistribution. In styrax (1.332 g x kg(-1)) group rats, astrocytes were nearly normal, while capillary endothelial cells and neurons exhibited oedema in different degrees. And the basal lamina was discontinuous, augmentation of cell spaces in endothelial cells increased the permeability, some endoplasmic reticulum broadened and ribosome ablated. In benzoinum (1.0 g x kg(-1)) group rats, oedema of capillary endothelial cells and astrocytes was significant, basal lamina broke. Meanwhile endoplasmic reticulum broadened as vacuole, the number of ribosome in rough endoplasmic reticulum decreased, crista mitochondriales in some neurons disappeared as vacuole which hint oedema happened. Results also showed that borneol decrease the level of VEGF in ischemia side brain tissue significantly, while has little influence on the level of MMP-9. Moschus showed the tendency to decrease the level of VEGF and MMP-9 in ischemia side brain tissue.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Aromatic resuscitation drugs showed the protection effect on blood brain barrier in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury rats, which the protection effect of moschus and borneol were better than that of styrax and benzoinum. The mechanism of protection effect maybe related to decrease the level of VEGF and MMP-9.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzoin , Pharmacology , Blood-Brain Barrier , Metabolism , Camphanes , Pharmacology , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Pharmacology , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Styrax , Chemistry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252177

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of herba schizonepetae volatile oil (STO) on the activity of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), so as to elucidate its mechanisms of anti-inflammatory action which is related to the arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Thoracic cavity leukocytes from the pleurisy model rat induced by injecting 1%-carrageenan into the pleural cavity were collected. Then 0. 4 mL cell suspension including 2 x 10(7) cells per millilitre were used as the reaction system in vitro. STO in different concentrations (final concentration 0.011, 0.022, 0.043, 0.087, 0.179, 0.255, 0.364 g x L(-1)), zileuton (final concentration 0.625 x 10(-3) g x L(-1)), and DMSO in the same volume were added into the reaction tube respectively. The reaction tubes were incubated at 37 degrees C for 20 min and CaCl2 (final concentration 2 mmol x L(-1)), MgCl2 (final concentration 0.5 mmol x L(-1)), exogenous AA (final concentration 200 micromol x L(-1)) and A23187 (final concentration 5 micromol x L(-1)) were added in turns during this period. The reaction tubes were mixed and continuously incubated at 37 degrees C for 30 min. After terminating reaction by adding methanol, the metabolites of 5-LO, leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and 5-hydroxy-6, 8, 11, 14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE), were extracted, separated and detected by means of RP-HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with control group, STO significantly inhibited the biosynthesis of LTB4 and 5-HETE at final concentration between 0. 022 g x L(-1) and 0.364 g x L(-1) (P < 0.05 or 0.001) in dose dependence manner, and its IC50 value was 0.124 g x L(-1) and 0.142 g x L(-1) for LTB4 and 5-HETE, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>STO can inhibited the activity of 5-LO, which is an important enzyme of AA metabolism, in rat thoracic cavity leukocytes in a dose-dependent manner in vitro. It is suggested that the mechanism of anti-inflammatory action of STO is related to its inhibiting the activity of 5-LO and decreasing the level of major inflammatory mediators LTB4.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Leukocytes , Male , Oils, Volatile , Pharmacology , Plant Oils , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thoracic Cavity , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 203-4, 215, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-553695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To probe into the pharmacological mechanism of the Chinese medicinal compound Qinggong Zhixue Granule (QGZXG), which has an effect of replenishing qi to activate blood and expelling stasis to stop bleeding, in treating irregular vaginal bleeding after medical abortion. METHODS: Healthy female KM mice and mice with immunodeficiency caused by cytoxan (CTX) were chosen as experimental subjects. The effects of QGZXG on the phagocytization of the mice's monocytes (by using the method of carbon particles expurgation), the delayed type hypersensitivity caused by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) and the content of antibody of hemolysin in the mice's serum were observed. RESULTS: (1) QGZXG improved the ability of the liver and spleen of immunodeficient mice to expurgate carbon particles. There was an significant statistical difference between the CTX treated group and the low dose group as well as the high dose group (P < 0.01) and a statistical difference between the CTX treated group and the medium dose group (P < 0.05). (2) QGZXG boosted the cellular immunity of immunodeficient mice. The ear swelling of mice in low, medium and high dose group was more obvious than that in the CTX treated group, and this difference was significant in statistics (P < 0.01). (3) QGZXG raised the content of the antibody of hemolysin in the serum of immunodeficient mice. A statistical difference occurred between the high dose group and the CTX treated group. The low and medium dose also had a tendency of such effect. CONCLUSION: QGZXG can improve both the specific and non-specific immunity of the immunodeficient mice, and therefore accelerate the recovery of the whole body and endometrium after parturition and abortion. In consequence, it leads to shorter duration and less quantity of vaginal bleeding after medical abortion.

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