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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226698, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393366


Aim: To evaluate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on undergraduate and graduate students of the Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. Methods: Three questionnaires were used: sociodemographic, WHO Abbreviated Quality of Life Inventory, and General Anxiety Disorder-7. Data were analyzed using Graph Pad Prism 7a (α = 5%). Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post-tests were used for statistical comparisons. The Spearman test was used as the correlation test. Results: 257 students responded to the online form that assessed their quality of life and anxiety level. On a scale from 1 to 100, with 100 being the best quality of life, the average obtained was 64.71 (± 13.36). In addition, 87.6% of the students rated their quality of life as good or very good. 74.7% reported good or very good health. The anxiety analysis resulted in an average of 10.04 (± 4.5), indicating moderate anxiety levels. There was an inversely proportional correlation between age and degree of anxiety (p = 0.008, r = -0.1628) and self-perceived learning and student commitment (r = 0.69). Conclusion: Despite the good quality of life and the students' good self-perception of health, they showed a moderate degree of anxiety during the social distancing caused by COVID-19, also demonstrating a decrease in interest and commitment during distance education

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Students, Dental , Coronavirus Infections , Patient Health Questionnaire , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 , Quality of Life , Self Concept
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210106, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365239


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the physical conditions and presence of residues of toothbrushes used by mothers and their babies and mothers' knowledge about toothbrush care. Material and Methods This was a cross-sectional study comprising a convenience sample represented by 60 mother-baby pairs. The mothers answered a questionnaire to evaluate their knowledge of toothbrush care. A calibrated dentist performed a visual inspection of the toothbrushes. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests, with a significance level of 5%. Results It was found that 82% of the mothers had never received instructions regarding the care of toothbrushes after use (p=0.024). Most of them believed that their toothbrushes (70%) and their children's toothbrushes (88%) were in good condition to use (p=0.043). However, most mother's toothbrushes presented an unacceptable deformity of the bristles (65%) and the presence of residues (60%). In addition, babies' toothbrushes also presented unacceptable deformities of the bristles (52%) and residues (55%). There was an association between the lack of instructions received by the mother and the presence of deformity and residues on the mother's toothbrush bristles (p=0.037 and p=0.003, respectively). Conclusion Most mothers had never received instructions regarding toothbrush care, which is reflected in the condition of their and their baby's toothbrushes, which presented unacceptable physical conditions concerning deformation and presence of residues.

Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Adult , Oral Hygiene , Toothbrushing/methods , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Dental Devices, Home Care , Home Nursing , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dentists , Observational Study , Infant , Mothers
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e036, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364591


Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic led to changes in academic teaching and dental education, but the impact on dental professors' mental health and quality of life remains poorly understood. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts of social distancing and online teaching related to COVID-19 on the quality of life and anxiety of Brazilian dental professors. This was a cross-sectional study conducted from August 2020 to October 2020. Three instruments were used in an online version: a questionnaire about personal data, academic information and online teaching activities, the Generalized Anxiety Disorders 7 (GAD7) scale, and the Abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-bref) scale. All instruments were sent by e-mail, social media, and messaging apps to private and public universities and professors. Of the 318 responses, 187 (58.8%) were from female professors. Moreover, lack of good internet access and adequate place for online teaching, difficulties in producing teaching materials, and housework roles had a significant impact on the quality of life and anxiety scores (all p-values < 0.05). Also, Brazilian dental professors who declared that they would make greater efforts if the activities were face-to-face had significantly worse quality of life and anxiety scores, and female professors had significantly higher anxiety scores (all p-values < 0.05). These results provide evidence of a negative effect of social distancing and online teaching activities related to COVID-19 outbreak on the health-related quality of life and mental health of Brazilian dental professors.

Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e028, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1360242


Abstract: In this study, we evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, and psychosocial impacts among Brazilian pediatric dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study with primary data collection was carried out using an online structured questionnaire. Data were submitted to descriptive analysis by using absolute and relative frequencies. A chi-square test was used for association analysis and log-linear regression models to estimate the prevalence ratio (5%). The population comprised mostly women and knowledge regarding COVID-19 was satisfactory (above 80% in most items). N95 masks and faceshields were used, albeit 64.22% reported difficulty in providing dental care to children due to the need for extra Personal Protective Equipment. Thirty eight percent provided urgency/emergency dental care, 59.78% performed invasive procedures, 59.56% used high speed handpieces, 8.44% started using cariostatics, and 6.22% introduced the use of chemomechanical caries removal agents. Fear for the future (PR = 1.21) and use of medications (for anxiety, depression, or insomnia) increased (PR = 1.16) among the ones who had wage losses. Brazilian pediatric dentists have knowledge about COVID-19, and attitudes in their clinical routines changed due the pandemic. Financial life was harmed and a negative impact of the pandemic in psychosocial aspects of workers was found.

Braz. dent. j ; 32(6): 66-73, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355834


Abstract The aim of the present in vivo study was to evaluate the bacterial contamination of sports mouthguards, surface roughness, and the efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate spray in the disinfection of these devices. A randomized, blinded cross-over clinical trial was performed with twenty 9 to 13 years old children who practiced martial arts and participated in all phases of the study. They were instructed to wear mouthguards 3 alternated days a week for 1 hour and, after use, to spray sterile tap water or chlorhexidine 0.12%. The mouthguards were analyzed by MTT assay, Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization, and confocal laser microscopy prior and after use for 2 weeks. Data were analyzed by Wilcoxon and t-Student, and Pearson correlation tests, with 5% significance level. Were observed that mouthguards of the control group were more contaminated with cariogenic microorganisms than those of the chlorhexidine group (p<0.05). The mouthguards use of spray of chlorhexidine reduced significantly the bacteria contamination compared with control group (p = 0.007). The surface roughness of the mouthguards increased significantly after use, irrespective of application of chlorhexidine spray. A moderate correlation (r=0.59) was observed between surface roughness and the cariogenic microorganism's contamination only for control group. Sports mouthguards had intense microbial contamination and increased surface roughness after its use. The use of chlorhexidine spray was effective for reducing the mouthguards contamination used by children.

Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo in vivo foi avaliar a contaminação bacteriana de protetores bucais esportivos, a rugosidade da superfície e a eficácia do spray de gluconato de clorexidina na desinfecção desses dispositivos. Um ensaio clínico randomizado, cego, cruzado foi realizado com vinte crianças de 9 a 13 anos, que praticavam artes marciais, participaram de todas as fases do estudo. As crianças foram orientadas a usar o protetor bucal por 3 dias alternados durante 1 hora e, após o uso, borrifar água de torneira estéril ou clorexidina 0,12%. Os protetores foram analisados por ensaio MTT, Hibridização DNA-DNA e microscopia confocal a laser antes e após o uso por 2 semanas. Os dados foram analisados pelos teste de Wilcoxon, teste t de Student, e correlação de Pearson, com nível de significância de 5%. Observou-se que os protetores bucais do grupo controle estavam mais contaminados com microrganismos cariogênicos do que os do grupo experimental (clorexidina) (p <0,05). O uso de protetores bucais com spray de clorexidina reduziu significativamente a contaminação bacteriana em relação ao grupo controle (p = 0,007). A rugosidade da superfície dos protetores bucais aumentou significativamente após o uso, independentemente da aplicação de spray de clorexidina. Uma correlação moderada (r = 0,59) foi observada entre a rugosidade da superfície e a contaminação do micro-organismo apenas para o grupo controle. Os protetores bucais esportivos apresentam intensa contaminação microbiana e aumento da rugosidade superficial após o uso. O uso de spray de clorexidina foi eficaz para reduzir a contaminação dos protetores bucais usados por crianças.

Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 32-43, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345508


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the M1 and M2 macrophage modulation after stimuli with different materials used during endodontic treatment. In bone marrow-derived macrophage cell culture, from males C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice, gene expression analysis of markers to M1 and M2 macrophages was performed by qRT-PCR (Cxcl10, CxCL9, iNOS, Arg1, Chil3, Retnla and MRC1) and cytokine quantification by Luminex® (GM-CSF, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α) after exposure to the five endodontic sealers: AH Plus, Sealapex Xpress, Endosequence BC Sealer, BioRoot RCS and a calcium hydroxide-based paste. For normal values, ANOVA test was used, followed by Tukey post-test. For non-normal values, the Kruskall-Wallis test was used. BioRootTM RCS and EndoSequence BC SealerTM stimulated the highest expression of markers for M1 macrophages, while calcium hydroxide-based paste stimulated the lowest expression of these gene markers. For M2 protein markers, BioRootTM RCS presented the highest stimulation while calcium hydroxide-based paste also presented the lowest stimulation. It was concluded that all the evaluated filling materials increased the genetic expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory markers: TNF-α and IL-10 respectively. The others proinflammatory mediators showed differences against the filling materials. However, this process did not induce the inflammatory response polarization, resulting in a hybrid macrophage.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a modulação dos macrófagos M1 e M2 após estímulos com diferentes materiais utilizados durante o tratamento endodôntico. Em cultura de células de macrófagos derivados da medula óssea de camundongos machos C57BL/6 wild-type (WT), após a exposição à cinco cimentos endodônticos: AH Plus, Sealapex Xpress, Endosequence BC Sealer, BioRoot RCS e pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio foi realizada a análise da expressão gênica dos marcadores para macrófagos M1 e M2 por qRT-PCR (Cxcl10, CxCL9, iNOS, Arg1, Chil3, Retnla e MRC1) e quantificação de citocinas por Luminex® (GM -CSF, IL-10, IL-6, IL-1β e TNF-α). Para valores normais, foi utilizado o teste ANOVA, seguido do pós-teste de Tukey. Para valores não normais, foi utilizado o teste de Kruskall-Wallis. BioRootTM RCS e EndoSequence BC SealerTM estimularam maior expressão de marcadores para macrófagos M1, enquanto a pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio estimulou expressão mais baixa desses marcadores gênicos. Para o marcador de proteínas para M2, BioRootTM RCS apresentou a maior estimulação, enquanto a pasta à base de hidróxido de cálcio também apresentou menor estimulação. Concluiu-se que os materiais obturadores avaliados aumentaram a expressão genética de marcadores pró- e anti-inflamatórios: TNF-α e IL-10 respectivamente. Os demais marcadores pró inflamatórios mostraram diferenças em relação aos materiais obturadores. No entanto, esse processo não induziu a polarização da resposta inflamatória, resultando em um macrófago híbrido.

Animals , Male , Rabbits , Root Canal Filling Materials , Phenotype , Materials Testing , Epoxy Resins , Macrophages , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(1): 34-38, abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354411


Introdução: A Síndrome de Lennox-Gastaut (SLG) é uma encefalopatia epiléptica grave na infância. Seu tratamento é complexo, principalmente devido à multiplicidade das crises epilépticas, o que favorece à ocorrência de lesões dentais Objetivo: O objetivo deste relato é apresentar o manejo clínico de um paciente com SLG, vítima de traumas recorrentes, discutir os achados dentais observados e o tratamento odontológico realizado. Relato do caso: Paciente L.H.D.L., do sexo masculino, com 15 anos de idade, apresentando grande acúmulo de biofilme dental, alto risco de cárie, fluorose leve e gengivite generalizada. Clinicamente foi possível observar fratura de esmalte dos dentes 12 e 14. Os dentes 21, 22, 32 e 42 estavam ausentes clinicamente, o que se confirmou radiograficamente. Além disso, notou-se giroversão de 180 graus do dente 11, com a face palatina voltada para a vestibular. O dente apresentou-se com leve alteração de cor, mas com resposta positiva aos testes de vitalidade. Resultados: Técnicas de manejo de comportamental, foram adotadas e orientações quanto à higiene bucal e dietéticas foram fornecidas tanto ao paciente quanto ao seu cuidador. Quatro sessões de profilaxia e aplicação tópica de flúor foram realizadas semanalmente. O tratamento endodôntico foi realizado no dente 12, seguido da restauração de resina composta do dente 12 e 14 e a restauração estética do dente 11 (girovertido). Por fim, foi realizada uma prótese adesiva para restaurar a estética da região de incisivo central superior. Apesar das dificuldades para tratar pacientes com SLG, no presente caso foi possível obter resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios com um diagnóstico e tratamento cuidadoso, envolvendo uma equipe multiprofissional treinada no atendimento de pacientes com necessidades especiais. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que o cirurgião dentista deve estar familiarizado com as possíveis manifestações bucais da SLG e realizar uma pesquisa criteriosa de sinais de traumatismo dental e, sempre que possível, solicitar um exame radiográfico para que traumatismos não identificados ao exame clínico não passem desapercebidos.

Introduction: Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LSG) is a severe childhood epileptic encephalopathy. Its treatment is complex, mainly due to the multiplicity of epileptic crises, which in turn favors the occurrence of dental injuries. Objective: The aim of this case report is to present the clinical management of a patient with LGS, victim of recurrent trauma, discuss the observed dental findings and the dental treatment. Case report: Patient L.H.D.L., male, 15 years old presenting high quantity of oral biofilm, mild fluorosis and generalized gingivitis. Clinically, it was possible to observe enamel fractures of teeth 12 and 14. Teeth 21, 22, 32 and 42 were clinically absent, which was confirmed radiographically. In addition, a 180-degree rotation of tooth 11 was noted, with the palate facing the buccal aspect. The tooth presented a slight change in color, but with a positive response to vitality tests. Results: Behavioral management techniques were adopted and guidelines on oral hygiene and diet were provided to both the patient and their caregiver. Four sessions of prophylaxis and topical application of fluoride were performed weekly. Endodontic treatment was performed on tooth 12, followed by aesthetic restoration of teeth 12 and 14 and esthetic restoration of tooth 11 (rotated). Finally, an adhesive prosthesis was performed to restore the esthetics of the upper central incisor region. Despite the difficulties of treating patients with LGS, in the present case it was possible to obtain satisfactory functional and aesthetic results with a careful diagnosis and treatment, involving a multidisciplinary team trained in the care of patients with special needs. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the dental surgeon must be aware with the possible oral manifestations of GLS and carry out a careful search for signs of dental trauma and, whenever possible, request a radiographic examination so that unidentified traumas on clinical examination do not pass unnoticed.

Lennox Gastaut Syndrome , Oral Manifestations , Adolescent , Disabled Persons , Tooth Injuries
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-12, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1178040


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the subcutaneous tissue response after different protocols to photodynamic therapy (PDT). In Phase 1, were tested the diode laser (used for 1min) associated to the photosensitizer phenothiazine chloride solution (PCS) in different concentrations. In Phase 2 ­ the diode laser and LED were tested associated to two different photosensitizers, PCS and Curcumin, in different exposure times of light application. Material and Methods: After 7, 21 and 63-days the animals were euthanized and the subcutaneous tissue processed to histological analysis. Qualitative and semi-quantitative descriptions of the inflammatory process and immunohistochemical technique were performed. The obtained data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-test (α= 0.5). Results: On Phase 1, the tissue response was very similar among the groups. For the inflammatory infiltrate, PCS with concentration of 10mg/mL exhibited the most intense reaction (p > 0.05). On Phase 2, at 7-days period, the analyzed parameters presented small magnitude and after 21 and 63-days, all the parameters demonstrated tissue compatibility. Conclusion: Both photosensitizers presented proper tissue compatibility regardless the different concentrations used on Phase 1 and different durations of light exposure on Phase 2 (AU)

Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a resposta do tecido subcutâneo após terapia fotodinâmica, utilizando na Fase 1 - laser diodo por 1min e solução fotossensibilizadora de cloreto de fenotiazina (CF) em diferentes concentrações e Fase 2 - laser diodo e LED e dois fotossensibilizadores, CF e Curcumina, em diferentes tempos de exposição da aplicação de luz. Material e Métodos: Após 7, 21 e 63 dias, foram realizadas descrições qualitativas e semiquantitativas do processo inflamatório e técnica de imunoistoquímica. Os dados foram analisados pelo pós-teste de Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (α = 0,5). Resultados: Na Fase 1, a resposta do tecido foi muito semelhante. O infiltrado inflamatório, na concentração de 10 mg / mL, exibiu reação mais intensa (p > 0,05). Na Fase 2, aos 7 dias, os parâmetros analisados apresentaram pequena magnitude. Aos 21 e 63 dias, todos os parâmetros demonstraram compatibilidade com o tecido. Conclusão: Ambos os fotossensibilizadores apresentaram compatibilidade de tecido adequada, independentemente das diferentes concentrações utilizadas na Fase 1 e diferentes durações de exposição à luz na Fase 2 (AU)

Animals , Mice , Photochemotherapy , Rats, Inbred Strains , Curcumin , Subcutaneous Tissue
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 24-28, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1123554


This study aimed to evaluate the contamination of toothbrushes usedby patients with disabilities, by microbial culture and cariogenic biofilm formation,and to explore two methods of disinfection. Methods: Experimental procedures were divided into three stages, with the same interval between each stage. In the first stage, the patients brushed their teeth, rinsed them with water, and their toothbrushes were sprayed with sterilized tap water. In the second and third stages, the steps were similar to those of Stage I, except the toothbrushes were sprayed with 0.12% chlorhexidine and 0.05% cetylpyridinium chloride solutions, respectively. At the end of each stage, the toothbrush bristles were cultured in bacitracin sucrose broth (CaSaB) medium. Data were analyzed through Friedman's nonparametric test (5% significance level). Results: In Stage I, mutans group streptococci (MS) were present in 30 toothbrushes (76.9%), and the number of colonies/biofilms ranged from 0 to +100. In Stage II, no MS colonization was observed. In Stage III, only 10.2% of the toothbrushes were contaminated with MS, and the number of colonies/biofilms ranged from 1 to 31. Conclusion: Bristles of toothbrushes used by patients with disabilities became contaminated with MS after a single brushing. The 0.12% chlorhexidine solution eliminated all microorganisms from the bristles of the toothbrushes used by the patients. Both 0.12% gluconate chlorhexidine and 0.05% cetylpyridinium chloride spray solutions can effectively be used for toothbrush disinfection to reduce contamination.

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a contaminação de escovas de dente utilizadas por pacientes especiais, por meio de cultura microbiana e formação de biofilme cariogênico, explorando dois métodos de desinfecção. Métodos: O estudo foi dividido em três estágios, com o mesmo intervalo de tempo entre cada estágio. No primeiro estágio, os pacientes escovaram os dentes e enxaguaram com água, em seguida, suas escovas foram borrifadas com água destilada. No segundo e terceiro estágios, as etapas foram semelhantes às do estágio I, exceto que as escovas de dente foram borrifadas com soluções de clorexidina 0,12% e cloreto de cetilpiridínio 0,05%, respectivamente. Ao final de cada etapa, as cerdas das escovas de dente foram cultivadas em meio de Caldo Sacarose Bacitracina (CaSaB). Os dados foram analisados por meio do teste não paramétrico de Friedman (nível de significância de 5%). Resultados: No estágio I, os estreptococos do grupo mutans (EM) estavam presentes em 30 escovas de dente (76,9%), e o número de colônias / biofilmes variou de 0 a +100. No estágio II, nenhuma colonização por MS foi observada. No estágio III, apenas 10,2% das escovas de dente estavam contaminadas com MS, e o número de colônias / biofilmes variou de 1 a 31. Conclusão: As cerdas das escovas de dente utilizadas por pacientes especiais contaminaram-se com EM após uma única escovação. A solução de clorexidina 0,12% eliminou todos os microrganismos das cerdas das escovas de dente utilizadas pelos pacientes. Ambas as soluções em spray (gluconatode clorexidina 0,12% e cloreto de cetilpiridínio 0,05%) podem ser utilizadas com eficácia para desinfecção das escovas de dente para reduzir a contaminação.

Disinfection , Streptococcus mutans , Disabled Persons , Anti-Infective Agents
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(2): 02-11, May-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024783


Objective: Through a systematic review and meta-analysis, the aim this study was evaluating the association between the P561T polymorphism in GHR (rs6184) with skeletal Class III malocclusion in different populations. Methods: A broad search for studies was conducted using the databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, Google Scholar and Open Grey until December 2018. The study design according to PECOS was: P-Orthodontic patients; E- polymorphism P561T in GHR; C- absence of polymorphism P561T in GHR; O- linear dimension alterations in maxilla and mandibular measurements; S- Cross-sectional studies. The selected studies were qualified by 10-point scoring sheet methodological quality. The subgroups evaluation was performd according to the linear measurements evaluated in two or more studies, as follows: body height, N-S, A'-PTM', Gn-Go, Pog'-Go, and Co-Go.A fixed effect model was used and the mean differences were performed using the inverse-variance meta-analysis. The I2 (95%) was used to measure statistical heterogeneity between studies, where I2 values of 25%, 50%, and 75% signified low, medium, and high heterogeneity, respectively. Results: The initial search identified 146 studies. After excluding duplicate abstracts, 138 were selected. Seven studies were included in the systematic review. Only one study was classified as having low methodological quality. Three studies were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis demonstrated an association between the Co-Go linear measure and CC genotype (p<0.0001), with a mean difference and confidence interval of 3.79 [2.06, 5.52]. CC was associated with greater mandibular height. Conclusion: The polymorphism P561T in GHR is associated with Co-Go measurement in Asians, with low level of evidence.

Objetivo: Por meio de uma revisão sistemática e meta-análise, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre o polimorfismo P561T em GHR (rs6184) com a maloclusão de Classe III esquelética em diferentes populações. Métodos: Uma ampla pesquisa de estudos foi realizada utilizando os bancos de dados PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane, Google Scholar e Open Grey até dezembro de 2018. O desenho do estudo de acordo com o PECOS foi: P-Pacientes ortodônticos; Polimorfismo P561T em GHR; Causência de polimorfismo P561T em GHR ; O-alterações na dimensão linear das medidas maxilares e mandibulares; S- Estudos transversais. Os estudos selecionados foram qualificados pela qualidade metodológica em uma escala de 10 pontos. A avaliação emsubgrupos. O subgrupo foi realizada de acordo com as medidas lineares avaliadas em dois ou mais estudos, como a seguir: altura corporal, N-S, A'-PTM ', Gn-Go, Pog'-Go. Foi utilizado o modelo de efeito fixo e as diferenças médias foram realizada usando a metanálise de variância inversa. O I2 (95%) foi utilizado para medir heterogeneidade estatística entre estudos, em que valores de I2 de 25%, 50% e 75% significaram baixa, média e alta heterogeneidade, respectivamente. Resultados: A pesquisa inicial identificou 146 estudos. Após excluir resumos duplicados, 138 foram selecionados. Sete estudos foram incluídos na revisão sistemática. Apenas 1 estudo foi classificado como de baixa qualidade metodológica. Três estudos foram incluídos na meta-análise. A metaanálise demonstrou uma associação entre a medida linear Co-Go e o genótipo CC (p<0,0001), com diferença média e intervalo de confiança de 3,79 [2,06; 5,52]. CC foi associado com maior altura mandibular. Conclusão: O polimorfismo P561T em GHR está associado à medida Co-Go em asiáticos, com baixo nível de evidência.

Genetic Phenomena , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognathism , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Mandible
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(2): 12-18, May-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024811


Objective: To evaluate the pulpal and periapical response of dogs' teeth after pulpotomy and use of Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) as capping agent. Methods: Pulpotomy was performed in 40 teeth from 4 dogs and the remaining pulp tissue was recovered with the following materials: Groups I and IV: EMD (Emdogain®); Groups II and V: calcium hydroxide; Groups III and VI: zinc oxide and eugenol cement. After 7 days (Groups I, II, and III) and 70 days (Groups IV, V, and VI), the animals were euthanized and the teeth were removed and processed for histological analysis; were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn test or Mann Whitney test ( =0.05). Results: 7-day period: in Group I, it was observed a mild to moderate inflammatory infiltrate and intense vascular proliferation while Group II presented a mild inflammatory infiltrate and an intact pulp tissue (p < 0.05). Group III presented a moderate to severe inflammatory infiltrate. 70- day period: Groups IV and VI showed no dentin bridge formation, the remaining pulp tissue presented necrotic areas with inflammatory cells in the periapical region and bone and cementum resorption (p > 0.05). In Group V, there was dentin bridge formation, absence of inflammation and absence of mineralized tissue resorption (p < 0.05). Conclusion: EMD as a capping material after pulpotomy did not show either satisfactory tissue response or capacity of inducing deposition of mineralized tissue in dental pulp.

Objetivo: Avaliar a resposta pulpar e periapical de dentes de cães após pulpotomia e uso de Derivados de Matriz de Esmalte (EMD) como agente de capeamento. Métodos: A pulpotomia foi realizada em 40 dentes de 4 cães e o tecido pulpar remanescente foi recuperado com os seguintes materiais: Grupos I e IV: EMD (Emdogain®); Grupos II e V: hidróxido de cálcio; Grupos III e VI: cimento de óxido de zinco e eugenol. Após 7 dias (Grupos I, II e III) e 70 dias (Grupos IV, V e VI), os animais foram eutanásiados e os dentes foram removidos e processados para análise histológica; foram analisados pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis, seguido pelo teste de Dunn ou Mann Whitney ( = 0,05). Resultados: Período de 7 dias: no Grupo I, observou-se infiltrado inflamatório leve a moderado e intensa proliferação vascular, enquanto o Grupo II apresentou infiltrado inflamatório leve e tecido pulpar intacto (p <0,05). O grupo III apresentou infiltrado inflamatório moderado a grave. Período de 70 dias: os grupos IV e VI mostraram, na formação da ponte de dentina, que o tecido pulpar remanescente apresentava áreas necróticas com células inflamatórias na região periapical, reabsorção óssea e de cemento (p> 0,05). No Grupo V, houve formação de ponte de dentina, ausência de inflamação e ausência de reabsorção tecidual mineralizada (p <0,05). Conclusão: O EMD como material de cobertura após pulpotomia não mostrou resposta tecidual satisfatória ou capacidade de induzir deposição de tecido mineralizado na polpa dentária.

Animals , Endodontics , Pulpotomy , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Calcium Hydroxide
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(1): 61-72, Jan.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024216


Objectives: To evaluate the inflammatory tissue response and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 expression in the pulp-dentin complex in response to RelyX TM Unicem (RU) and Ketac Cem TM Easymix (KC) cements. Methods : Class V cavities were prepared in 56 teeth from six dogs, and indirect pulp capping was performed using RU (n=20), KC (n=20), zinc oxide, and eugenol cement (control, n=16). At 7 and 70 days following indirect pulp capping, the animals were euthanized, and tissues were removed for histological evaluation. The distance from the cavity floor to the odontoblastic layer was measured, and the numbers of inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, and odontoblasts were counted in pulp tissue. MMP-2 and -9 expression levels were immunohistochemically assessed. Statistical analyses were performed for all experiments (significance level=5%). Results : The dentin remnant thickness between the cavity floor and the pulp chamber was similar for all materials, ranging from 469 to 739 µm (p>0.05). At 7 days, KC and RU induced a small inflammatory response in the pulp-dentin complex, similar to the control (p>0.05). At 70 days, RU induced a tissue response characterized by fewer odontoblasts and more mononuclear cells (p<0.05), whereas KC induced a response similar to the control (p>0.05). Lutingagents induced low levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression, similar to the control (p>0.05). Conclusion : KC and RU luting agents are compatible materials for use in deep cavities close to dental pulp tissue, although RU led to a slightly diminished odontoblastic population with a higher percentage of mononuclear cells.

Objetivo : Avaliar a resposta tecidual inflamatória e a expressão de metaloproteinase de matriz (MMP) -2 e -9 no complexo polpa-dentina em resposta aos cimentos RelyX TM Unicem (RU) e Ketac Cem TM Easymix (KC). Métodos : Cavidades classe V foram preparadas em 56 dentes de seis cães, e capeamento pulpar indireto foi realizado com cimento de RU (n = 20), KC (n = 20), óxido de zinco e eugenol (controle, n = 16). Aos 7 e 70 dias após o capeamento pulpar indireto, os animais foram eutanasiados, e os tecidos foram removidos para avaliação histológica. A distância entre o assoalho da cavidade e a camada odontoblástica foi medida, e os números de células inflamatórias, fibroblastos e odontoblastos foram contados no tecido pulpar. Os níveis de expressão de MMP-2 e -9 foram avaliados por imuno-histoquímica. Análises estatísticas foram realizadas para todos os experimentos (nível de significância = 5%). Resultados : A espessura da dentina remanescente entre o assoalho da cavidade e a câmara pulpar foi semelhante para todos os materiais, variando de 469 a 739 µm (p> 0,05). Aos 7 dias, KC e RU induziram uma pequena resposta inflamatória no complexo polpa-dentina, semelhante ao controle (p> 0,05). Aos 70 dias, a RU induziu uma resposta tecidual caracterizada por menos odontoblastos e mais células mononucleares (p <0,05), enquanto o KC induziu uma resposta semelhante ao controle (p> 0,05). Os agentes cimentantes induziram baixos níveis de expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9, semelhantes ao controle (p> 0,05). Conclusão : Os agentes cimentantes KC e RU são materiais compatíveis para uso em cavidades profundas próximas ao tecido da polpa dentária, embora a UR tenha levado a uma população odontoblástica levemente diminuída, com maior porcentagem de células mononucleares.

Resin Cements , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Capping
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 123-132, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001434


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiographic periapical repair and the synthesis of inflammatory mediators after endodontic treatment in a single session, using different irrigation protocols, in teeth with apical periodontitis. Experimental apical periodontitis were induced in dog's teeth randomly assigned into 4 groups: G1 - Irrigation by Negative Apical Pressure (n= 20); G2 - Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation (n= 20), G3 - Positive Pressure Irrigation (n= 20); G4 - apical periodontitis without treatment (n= 20). After 180 days, the animals were euthanized, the tissues removed and submitted to histotechnical processing for immunohistochemical analysis of osteopontin (OPN), tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and interleukin 1-a (IL-1a). Radiographic analysis was performed using the Periapical Index (PAI), obtained prior to and 180 days following endodontic treatment. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed-rank test, Fisher's Exact test or Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's post-test (a = 5%). Radiographically, after endodontic treatment, apical periodontitis persisted in 35% of G1 specimens, 40% of G2 and 40% of G3 (p>0.05), although a PAI reduction was observed (p<0.05). By immunohistochemical evaluation, endodontic treatment resulted in lower synthesis of TNF-a and OPN in periapical region, compared to apical periodontitis without treatment (p<0.05). Production of IL-1 was not modulated by endodontic treatment (p>0.05). Periapical healing was observed in approximately 60% of the cases after endodontic treatment performed in a single session with lower synthesis of TNF-a and OPN in the periapical region, regardless of the irrigation protocol used.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o reparo periapical e a síntese de mediadores inflamatórios após tratamento endodôntico em dentes de cães com lesão periapical, em sessão única, utilizando diferentes protocolos de irrigação. Lesões periapicais foram induzidas experimentalmente em dentes de cães e aleatoriamente divididas em 4 grupos: G1 - Irrigação por Pressão Apical Negativa (n = 20); G2 - Irrigação Ultrassônica Passiva (n = 20), G3 - Irrigação por Pressão Positiva (n = 20); G4 - Lesão periapical sem tratamento (n = 20). Após 180 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados, as peças removidas e submetidas ao processamento histotécnico para análise imunohistoquímica para osteopontina (OPN), fator de necrose tumoral-a (TNF-a) e interleucina 1-a (IL-1a). A análise radiográfica do reparo das lesões periapicais foi realizada por meio do Índice Periapical, obtido antes e 180 dias após o tratamento endodôntico. Os resultados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística por meio dos testes de sinais de Wilcoxon, Exato de Fisher ou Kruskal-Wallis seguido pelo pós-teste de Dunn (a = 5%). O exame radiográfico após o tratamento endodôntico, mostrou a persistência de áreas radiolúcidas periapicais e descontinuidade da lâmina dura em 35% dos espécimes do G1, 40% do G2 e 40% do G3, embora uma redução no PAI tenha sido observada (p<0,05). Pela análise imuno-histoquímica, o tratamento endodôntico resultou na menor síntese de TNF-a e de OPN na região periapical, comparativamente à lesão periapical sem tratamento (p<0,05). A produção de IL-1a não foi modulada pelo tratamento endodôntico (p>0,05). Reparo da lesão periapical foi observado em cerca de 60% dos casos após tratamento endodôntico realizado em sessão única e menor síntese de TNF-a e de OPN na região periapical, independente do protocolo de irrigação utilizado.

Animals , Dogs , Periapical Periodontitis , Photochemotherapy , Tooth , Root Canal Therapy , Dental Pulp Cavity
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e092, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039296


Abstract This study evaluated the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) on the endodontic treatment of apical periodontitis (AP). AP was induced in 48 premolars of 6 dogs. After biomechanical preparation, the teeth were divided into 4 groups: Calcium-Hydroxide (CH)/120d and CH/180d: root canals filled with CH-based dressing for 15 days before obturation; aPDT/120d and aPDT/180d: conditioning with phenothiazine photosensitizer (10 mg/mL) for 1 minute and irradiation with diode laser in the same session as obturation. Root filling was performed with AH Plus sealer. After the experimental periods, animals were euthanized and teeth were submitted for histology. HE staining was performed for descriptive analysis of the periapical region, measurement of apical periodontitis and for inflammatory cells, and blood vessels count. Immunohistochemistry was performed for osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Data were analyzed statistically by two-way ANOVA and chi-square test (α = 5%). Teeth in Group CH/120d presented only a slightly enlarged periodontal ligament (PL) with advanced repair. Group aPDT/120d presented the PL moderately enlarged, with moderate inflammatory infiltrate and few collagen fibers. The same pattern was observed at 180 days. AP lesions in CH-treated groups were smaller than those in aPDT-treated groups (p < 0.001) with more blood vessels (p < 0.0001), regardless of the evaluation period, without significant differences in the number of inflammatory cells (p > 0.05). CH-treated groups showed significantly more intense immunostaining for ALP and OPN (p < 0.001) in both periods. Although aPDT stimulated angiogenesis and expression of bone formation markers, the two-session endodontic treatment with CH-based dressing promoted better apical periodontitis repair.

Animals , Periapical Periodontitis/drug therapy , Photochemotherapy/methods , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , Time Factors , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Neovascularization, Physiologic/drug effects , Evaluation Study
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180426, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002406


Abstract Objectives Enamel demineralization is among the main topics of interest in the orthodontic field. Self-ligating brackets have been regarded as advantageous in this aspect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the break homeostasis in the oral environment and the levels of microorganisms associated with dental caries among the different types of brackets. Material and Methods Twenty patients received two self-ligating brackets: In-Ovation®R, SmartClipTM, and one conventional GeminiTM. Saliva was collected before bonding (S0), 30 (S1) and 60 (S2) days after bonding. One sample of each bracket was removed at 30 and 60 days for the in situ analysis. Checkerboard DNA-DNA Hybridization was employed to evaluate the levels of microbial species as-sociated with dental caries. Data were evaluated by nonparametric Friedman and Wilcoxon tests at 5% significance level. Results The salivary levels of L. casei (p=0.033), S. sobrinus (p=0.011), and S. sanguinis (p=0.004) increased in S1. The in situ analyses showed alteration in S. mutans (p=0.047), whose highest levels were observed to the In-Ovation®R. Conclusions The orthodontic appliances break the salivary homeostasis of microorganisms involved in dental caries. The contamination pattern was different between self-ligating and conventional brackets. The In-Ovation®R presented worse performance considering the levels of cariogenic bacterial species.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Saliva/microbiology , Orthodontic Brackets/microbiology , Dental Caries/microbiology , Time Factors , DNA Probes , Dental Bonding , Orthodontic Brackets/standards , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Statistics, Nonparametric , Homeostasis
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180476, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1040231


Abstract Objectives: Miniscrew has been frequently used, considering that anchorage control is a critical point in orthodontic treatment, and its failure, the main adverse problem. Using two groups of stable (successful) and unstable (failed) mini-implants, this in vivo study aimed to quantify proinflammatory cytokines IL-1 α, IL-6, IL-17, and TNF-α and osteoclastogenesis marker RANK, RANKL, and OPG in gingival tissue, using the real-time polymerase chain reaction technique. Methodology: Thirteen patients of both sexes (11-49 years old) under orthodontic treatment were selected, obtaining 11 successful and 7 failed mini-implants. The mini-implants were placed and removed by the same surgeon, in both jaws. The mean time of permanence in the mouth was 29.4 months for successful and 7.6 months for failed mini-implants. At removal time, peri-mini-implant gingival tissue samples were collected and processed for quantification of the proinflammatory cytokines and osteoclastogenesis markers. Nonparametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test considering the clusters and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for statistical analysis (α=0.05). Results: No significant difference (p>0.05) was observed between the groups for either quantification of cytokines or osteoclastogenesis markers, except for IL-6 (p<0.05). Conclusions: It may be concluded that the expression of IL-1α, IL-17, TNF-α, RANK, RANKL, and OPG in peri-implant gingival tissue were not determinant for mini-implant stability loss, but the higher IL-6 expression could be associated with mini-implant failure.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteogenesis/physiology , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Cytokines/analysis , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/adverse effects , Peri-Implantitis/pathology , Gingivitis/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Biomarkers/analysis , Alveolar Bone Loss , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Osteoprotegerin/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 16-29, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975033


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate topographic and temporal aspects of premaxillary bone and premaxillary-maxillary suture, since they are fundamental anatomical elements little explored clinically. Methods: 1,138 human dry skulls were evaluated, of which 116 (10.19%) of the specimens were children, and 1,022 (89.81%) were adults. The skulls were photographed and the percentage of premaxillary-maxillary suture opening was determined. Subsequently the data were tabulated and submitted to statistical analysis, adopting a level of significance of 5%. Results: The progression of premaxillary suture closure from birth to 12 years of age was 3.72% per year. In 100% of the skulls up to 12 years, the premaxillary-maxillary suture open in the palatal region was observed, while 6.16% of adults presented different degrees of opening. Conclusions: The premaxilla exists in an independent way within the maxillary complex and the presence of the premaxilla-maxillary suture justifies the success of anteroposterior expansions to stimulate the growth of the middle third of the face, solving anatomical and functional problems.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar aspectos topográficos e temporais do osso pré-maxilar e da sutura pré-maxilar/maxilar, por serem elementos anatômicos fundamentais pouco explorados clinicamente. Métodos: foram avaliados 1.138 crânios secos humanos, sendo 116 (10,19%) dos espécimes crianças e 1.022 (89,81%) adultos. Os crânios foram fotografados e determinou-se a porcentagem de abertura da sutura pré-maxilar/maxilar. Posteriormente, os dados foram tabulados e submetidos a análise estatística, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: a progressão de fechamento da sutura pré-maxilar/maxilar do nascimento aos 12 anos de idade foi de 3,72% ao ano. Em 100% dos crânios até 12 anos, observou-se a sutura pré-maxilar/maxilar aberta na região palatina, enquanto 6,16% dos adultos apresentavam diferentes graus. Conclusões: a pré-maxila existe de forma independente dentro do complexo maxilar e a presença da sutura pré-maxilar / maxilar justifica o sucesso de expansões anteroposteriores para estimular o crescimento do terço médio da face, solucionando problemas anatômicos e funcionais.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Skull/anatomy & histology , Skull/growth & development , Cranial Sutures/anatomy & histology , Cranial Sutures/growth & development , Maxilla/anatomy & histology , Maxilla/growth & development , Maxillofacial Development/physiology , Orthodontics, Corrective , Palate/anatomy & histology , Palate/growth & development , Palate/diagnostic imaging , Skull/diagnostic imaging , Age Factors , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
Braz. dent. j ; 29(5): 465-468, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974180


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between timing of permanent tooth emergence with overweight and obesity in children from Brazilian Amazon region. The studied population consisted of 192 children, 09 to 12 year-old, from public schools at Manaus, Amazonas-Brazil. Clinical examination was performed and the tooth emergence was evaluated according to the number of permanent erupted teeth. Body mass index z-score was calculated. For the statistical analysis 'Overweight/obese' group was compared with 'Normal weight' group in a case to control ratio 1:2. The t-test based on age was used for means comparison between the groups. A linear regression analysis using age and gender as co-variants was used. The established alpha was 5%. One hundred twenty-seven children were classified as normal weight and 65 were classified as overweight/obese (49 were overweight and 16 were obese). Overweight/obesity condition was associated with the gender, in which boys had a higher chance to present higher weight conditions (OR=1.84; CI 95% 1.06-3.37; p=0.04). The mean number of permanent teeth was higher in the overweight/obesity group (p<0.001). Linear regression analysis demonstrated that nutritional status, gender and age were strongly associated with number of permanent erupted teeth (p<0.05). In conclusion, our study demonstrated that timing of permanent tooth emergence is associated with overweigh/obesity in children from Manaus, Brazil.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se a erupção dentária está associada com sobrepeso/obesidade em crianças da região Amazônica brasileira. A população estudada foi composta por 192 crianças, de 9 a 12 anos, de escolas públicas de Manaus, Amazonas-Brasil. O exame clínico foi realizado e a erupção dentária foi avaliada de acordo com o número de dentes permanentes irrompidos. O índice de massa corporal escore-z foi calculado. Para a análise estatística, comparou-se o grupo "sobrepeso / obesidade" com o grupo "peso normal" em uma proporção de controle 1: 2. O teste t baseado na idade foi utilizado para comparação das médias entre os grupos. Uma análise de regressão linear usando idade e sexo como co-variáveis foi utilizada. O alfa estabelecido foi de 5%. Cento e vinte e sete crianças foram classificadas com peso normal e 65 foram classificados com sobrepeso / obesidade (49 com sobrepeso e 16 com obesidade). A condição de sobrepeso / obesidade associou-se ao gênero, no qual os meninos tiveram maior chance de apresentar condições de maior peso (OR = 1,84; IC 95% 1,06-3,37; p = 0,04). O número médio de dentes permanentes irrompidos foi maior no grupo sobrepeso / obesidade (p <0,001). A análise de regressão linear demonstrou que o estado nutricional, sexo e idade foram fortemente associados ao número de dentes permanentes irrompidos (p <0,05). Concluindo, nosso estudo demonstrou que o momento da erupção dos dentes permanentes é associado com sobrepeso / obesidade em crianças de Manaus, Brasil.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth Eruption/physiology , Dentition, Permanent , Overweight/physiopathology , Pediatric Obesity/physiopathology , Brazil , Body Mass Index
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 3(1): 8-15, Jan.-Apr. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1021064


Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the tissue response and expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) -2 and -9 to resinous and glass ionomer cements in direct contact with the subcutaneous connective tissue. Methods: RelyXTM Unicem resinous cement (RC; n=30), KetacTM Cem Easymix glass ionomer cement (GI; n=30), and polyethylene empty tubes (control; n=30) were implanted in the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of isogenic BALB/c mice, and the tissues were biopsied after 7, 21, and 63 days for histological analysis. The inflammatory cells and fibroblasts were counted, and the fibrous capsule thickness was measured. MMP -2 and MMP-9 expression levels were investigated by immunohistochemistry. Data were analyzed statistically (significance level=5%). Results: We found that RC induced a low inflammation at day 7 and 21, which was increased at day 63 (p<0.05). GI induced a more intense mononuclear inflammatory response at day 7 and 21 (p<0.05), which was reduced at day 63 to levels similar to the control (p>0.05). The fibrous capsule thickness was thin for RC, GI, and control (p>0.05).MMP-2 was detected early for GI and RC and decreased afterwards. MMP-9 presented a similar pattern for GI, whereas the MMP -9 expression was late for RC. Conclusion: Resinous cementRelyXTM Unicem induced an inflammatory response and late MMP -9 expression in the subcutaneous connective tissue that was different from that induced by KetacTM Cem Easymixglass ionomer cement.

Objetivo: Avaliar a resposta tecidual e a expressão de metaloproteinases da matriz (MMP) -2 e -9 frente a um cimento resinoso e um cimento ionomérico, após implantação no tecido conjuntivo subcutâneo de camundongos. Métodos: O cimento resinoso RelyXTM Unicem (CR; n=30), o cimento ionomérico KetacTM Cem Easymix (CI; n=30) e tubo de polietileno vazio (controle; n=30) foram implantados no tecido subcutâneo dorsal de camundongos isogênicos BALB/c e os tecidos removidos para análise histológica após 7, 21 e 63 dias. Foram analisadas a resposta celular local, por meio da contagem de células inflamatórias e a espessura da cápsula fibrosa. A expressão de MMP -2 e -9 foi investigada por meio de imunohistoquímica. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística (α=5%). Resultados: Foi observado que CR induziu uma inflamação leve aos 7 e 21 dias com aumento do número de células inflamatórias aos 63 dias (p<0,05). CI induziu uma resposta inflamatória mononuclear mais intensa aos 7 e 21 dias (p<0,05), com redução do infiltrado aos 63 dias, semelhante ao observado no controle (p>0,05). Em todos os grupos a espessura da cápsula foi considerada fina (p>0,05). MMP -2 foi detectada em períodos precoces para CR e CI, com diminuição com o passar do tempo. MMP -9 apresentou um padrão semelhante ao controle para o CI, enquanto para o CR houve aumento com o passar do tempo. Conclusão: O cimento resinoso RelyXTM Unicem induziu uma resposta inflamatória e a expressão de MMP -9 mais tardia no tecido conjuntivo subcutâneo que foi diferente da resposta induzida pelo cimento ionomérico KetacTM Cem Easymix.

Connective Tissue , Resin Cements , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Dental Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements
Braz. dent. j ; 29(1): 43-47, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888722


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of MMP2 and MMP9 during apical periodontitis (AP) progression in TLR2 (TLR2 KO) and in MyD88 (MyD88 KO) knockout mice compared to wild type (WT) mice. AP was induced in mandibular first molars of TLR2 KO (n= 18), MyD88 KO (n= 18), and WT mice (n= 18). After 7, 21, and 42 days, the animals were euthanized and the jaws were dissected and subjected to histotechnical processing. Subsequent sections were stained by immunohistochemistry and evaluated for detection of MMP2 and MMP9. Statistical analysis of the semi-quantitative analysis of immunohistochemistry was performed using chi-square test (α = 0.05). In the initial periods of AP progression, an increased expression of MMP9 in the TLR2 KO and MyD88 KO mice was observed. In the final periods of AP progression, a reduction of MMP2 expression and an increase of MMP9 expression in the TLR2 KO mice were observed. MMP2 and MMP9 production was modulated for TLR2 and MyD88 during apical periodontitis progression.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a expressão de MMP2 e MMP9 durante a progressão da periodontite apical (AP) em camundongos knockout para TLR2 (TLR2 KO) e MyD88 (MyD88 KO) comparados aos camundongos wild type (WT). A AP foi induzida nos primeiros molares inferiores dos camundongos TLR2 KO (n = 18), MyD88 KO (n = 18) e WT (n = 18). Após 7, 21 e 42 dias, os animais foram eutanaziados e as mandíbulas foram dissecadas e submetidas a processamento histotécnico. As lâminas foram coradas por imuno-histoquímica e analisadas para a detecção de MMP2 e MMP9. A análise estatística semi-quantitativa da imuno-histoquímica foi realizada pelo teste qui-quadrado (α = 0,05). Nos períodos iniciais de progressão AP, foi observada uma expressão aumentada de MMP9 nos camundongos TLR2 KO e MyD88 KO. Nos períodos finais de progressão AP, observou-se uma redução da expressão de MMP2 e um aumento da expressão de MMP9 nos camundongos TLR2 KO. A produção de MMP2 e MMP9 foi modulada por TLR2 e MyD88 durante a progressão da periodontite apical.

Animals , Mice , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/physiology , Periapical Periodontitis/enzymology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/physiology , Disease Progression , Immunohistochemistry , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Periapical Periodontitis/metabolism , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology