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1.
CoDAS ; 33(1): e20190112, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249597

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Propor o Protocolo de Rastreio do Risco de Disfonia para Atores do Teatro Musical (PRRD-TM), verificar sua aplicabilidade em associação ao Protocolo de Rastreio do Risco de Disfonia Geral (PRRD-G), correlacionar escores finais de ambos, e desses com o escore total, e comparar o risco de disfonia entre atores com e sem queixa vocal. Método Estudo transversal observacional com 34 atores de teatro musical adultos, ambos os sexos, com e sem queixa vocal, profissionais ou estudantes. Os questionários foram aplicados individualmente. A análise estatística possibilitou verificar a correlação entre os escores de risco de disfonia e para comparação entre os grupos com e sem queixa vocal. Resultados A maioria dos participantes era do gênero masculino, jovens adultos, atores profissionais e sem queixa vocal. Observou-se elevado risco de disfonia, evidenciado pela aplicação do PRRD-G, com escores médios compatíveis com valores encontrados em indivíduos com disfonia, e reforçado pelos índices encontrados com aplicação do PRRD-TM. Observou-se correlação moderada e diretamente proporcional entre os escores dos dois questionários e desses com o escore total. Escores mais elevados do PRRD-G foram encontrados no grupo que apresentou queixa vocal. Conclusão O PRRD-TM mostrou-se viável e de fácil aplicabilidade e apresentou correlação positiva com o escore do PRRD-G e com o escore total. Elevado risco de disfonia foi evidenciado em indivíduos com queixa vocal. Apesar do escore específico do PRRD-TM não diferenciar atores de teatro musical com e sem queixa vocal, tanto o escore do PRRD-G quanto o escore total realizaram tal diferenciação.


ABSTRACT Purpose To propose the Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol for Musical Theatre Actors (DRSP-MTA), to verify its applicability in association with the General Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol (G-DRSP), to correlate the final scores of both, and these with the total risk score, and to compare the risk of dysphonia measured in musical theater actors with and without vocal complaint. Methods An observational cross-sectional study with 34 musical theater actors, adults, of both genders, with and without vocal complaints and regardless of whether they are professionals or students. The questionnaires were applied individually. Statistical analysis made it possible to verify the correlation between the dysphonia risk scores and to compare the groups with and without vocal complaint. Results Most of the participants were male, young adults, professional actors and without vocal complaint. There was a high risk of dysphonia, evidenced by the application of G-DRSP, with means scores compatible with values found in individuals with dysphonia, and reinforced by the indices found with DRSP-MTA application. There was a moderate and directly proportional correlation between the two questionnaire scores; and a correlation of both with the total risk score. Higher G-DRSP scores were observed in the vocal complaint group. Conclusion DRSP-MTA was feasible and easy to apply and was positively correlated with the total score and G-DRSP score. A high risk of dysphonia was evidenced in individuals with vocal complaints. Although the specific DRSP-MTA score did not differentiate musical theatre actors with and without vocal complaints, the G-DRSP score and the total risk score performed such differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Voice , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Voice Quality , Hoarseness , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
CoDAS ; 33(6): e20200126, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339726

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar se existem diferenças em aspectos vocais entre idosos com presbifonia, divididos em três faixas etárias. Método Participaram 60 idosos de ambos os sexos com idades entre 60 e 90 anos (média=72,3), com diagnóstico de presbifonia estabelecido em avaliação otorrinolaringológica. A partir da gravação das vozes foi realizada análise perceptivo-auditiva e acústica e os dados foram comparados por meio dos testes estatísticos com os participantes divididos nos grupos etários 60-70 anos, 71-80 anos e 81-90 anos. Resultados Ainda que os idosos dos três grupos tenham apresentado alterações em aspectos vocais variados, como instabilidade e ruído em frequências graves, aqueles com mais de 80 anos apresentaram maior grau de disfonia, rugosidade, soprosidade e pitch. Também foram observados neste grupo maiores desvios em jitter, shimmer e irregularidade e a medida GNE no limite da normalidade. Todas as diferenças foram estatisticamente significativas. A maioria dos idosos dessa faixa etária apresentou ainda alteração no diagrama de desvio fonatório e quebra de frequência. Conclusão Diversos aspectos perceptivo-auditivos e acústicos se apresentaram mais desviados nos idosos mais velhos, o que reforça a necessidade de serem consideradas essas especificidades tanto na avaliação dos efeitos do envelhecimento na voz quanto no desenvolvimento de ações para minimizar o declínio vocal.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify if there are differences in the vocal aspects of older people from three different age groups with presbyphonia diagnosis. Methods Sixty older adults joined this study. They were both female and male, with an age range from 60 to 90 years old (average: 72.3) and with presbyphonia diagnosis established after otolaryngology evaluation. From their voice recordings, it was possible to make the acoustic and auditory-perceptual analysis. The data collected was compared through statistical tests considering the division of the participants into the following groups: 60-70 years old, 71-80 years old, and 81-90 years old. Results Even though the older people from all of the three groups have presented deviation in multiple vocal aspects such as instability and vocal noise in low frequencies, those with more than 80 years old have presented a higher deviation of the general grade of dysphonia, roughness, breathiness, and pitch. In this group, it was also observed higher deviations in jitter, shimmer, vocal breaks, and the GNE measure on the edge of normality. All the differences were statistically significant. The majority of the older participants from that group presented even a deviation in the phonatory deviation diagram and frequency break. Conclusion Various acoustic and auditory-perceptual aspects had a higher deviation in the older adults over 80 years old, which reinforces the need to consider those specificities in the evaluation of the vocal aging impacts and also in the development of actions to minimize vocal declination.

3.
Clinics ; 76: e2641, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153967

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the vocal self-perception of Brazilian teachers and their communication needs, vocal signs and symptoms, and voice-related lifestyles during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and, based on this information, to develop guidance materials intended for dissemination to these teachers and the general community. METHODS: An online questionnaire designed for this survey was distributed via the researchers' networks and was available for completion by any teacher, except those who were not working at the time. There were 1,253 teachers from all over Brazil, of both sexes, covering a wide age range, working at different levels of education, and most with more than ten years of experience. Descriptive and inferential analyses of the data were performed. RESULTS: On comparing the prepandemic period with the current one, participants indicated voice improvements. In contrast, they presented symptoms such as dry throat, effort in addressing remote classes, hoarseness after classes, and difficulties with the use of headphones, among others. They further indicated stress, general fatigue, impact of the pandemic on mental health, and the overlapping of many home tasks with professional tasks. Some smoked, and others hydrated insufficiently. CONCLUSION: Although teachers generally noticed voice improvements during the pandemic, a proportion of them perceived worsening of voices. Many indicated several factors in which speech-language pathologists could guide them with the aim of improving performance and comfort during remote and hybrid classes, an initiative that will positively impact not only their voice and communication but also their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Voice Disorders/therapy , Voice Disorders/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus , Occupational Diseases/therapy , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Speech Therapy , Voice Quality , Brazil , Communication , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
4.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 80-86, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139967

ABSTRACT

This case report describes an interceptive treatment of anterior open bite (AOB) with fixed palatine grid using clinical, cephalometric, electromyographic and speech analysis data. Case report: An 8-year-old girl, Angle Class I malocclusion presenting AOB. The complete orthodontic documentation was obtained and the perioral muscles were evaluated using the electromyography during blowing, sucking and smiling activities, before and after treatment. Speech acoustic evaluation was performed through the frequencies of the formants to assess the position of the tongue. Results: The AOB was corrected in six months with reduction of vertical transpass, decrease of cephalometric Angles 1: NA and 1: NB and increase of interincisal angle. During the smile movement, it was possible to observe the decrease of the muscular activity of the superior orbicularis muscle and the increase of the muscular activity of the inferior orbicularis. In the blow movement, there was a tendency to decrease muscle activity. Opposite directions were observed at the time of installation of the grid in the frequencies of the formants. When the grid was removed, the tongue was lowered and posteriorized in relation to the installation time. When compared the final and initial moments, it was noted a predominance of tongue lower position, besides posteriorization in some vowels and anteriorization in others. Conclusion: After the use of the fixed palatine crib as an interceptive treatment for AOB, the bite was closed and it was possible to observe an harmony in the patient profile and improvement in periorbital musculature and tongue positioning.


Objetivo: Este relato de caso descreve um tratamento interceptivo da mordida aberta anterior (MAA) com grade palatina fixa usando dados clínicos, cefalométricos, eletromiográficos e de fala. Relato do caso: Menina de 8 anos de idade apresentando maloclusão Classe I de Angle e MAA. A documentação ortodôntica completa foi obtida e os músculos periorais foram avaliados pela eletromiografia durante as atividades de sopro, sucção e sorriso, antes e após o tratamento. A avaliação acústica da fala foi realizada através das frequências dos formantes para avaliar a posição da língua. Resultados: O MAA foi corrigida em seis meses com redução do transpasse vertical, diminuição dos ângulos cefalométricos 1: NA e 1: NB e aumento do ângulo interincisivo. Durante o movimento do sorriso, foi possível observar a diminuição da atividade muscular do músculo orbicular superior e o aumento da atividade muscular do orbicular inferior. No movimento do sopro, houve uma tendência a diminuir a atividade muscular. Direções opostas foram observadas no momento da instalação da grade nas frequências dos formantes. Quando a grade foi removida, a língua foi abaixada e posteriorizada em relação ao tempo de instalação inicial do aparelho. Quando comparados os momentos final e inicial, observou-se predomínio da posição inferior da língua, além de posteriorização em algumas vogais e anteriorização em outras. Conclusão: Após o uso da grade palatina fixa como tratamento interceptivo para a MAA, a mordida foi fechada e foi possível observar harmonia no perfil da paciente e melhora da musculatura periorbital e posicionamento da língua.


Subject(s)
Open Bite , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Child , Malocclusion, Angle Class I
5.
Clinics ; 75: e2035, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to correlate several instruments currently used for the assessment of the quality of life of patients who underwent total laryngectomy and speech rehabilitation. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with 38 patients after total laryngectomy and speech therapy aiming to develop oesophageal speech. The patients were divided into the following two groups (19 participants each): speakers and non-speakers. The quality of life instruments used were as follows: visual analogue scale (VAS); Voice Handicap Index (VHI); Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL); Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Head & Neck (FACT-H&N); European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30); European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Head and Neck (EORTC QLQ-H&N35); and University of Washington Quality of Life (UW-QOL). RESULTS: The V-RQOL global health domain exhibited a strong correlation with the VHI. The EORTC QLQ-C30 exhibited a moderate to strong correlation with the EORTC QLQ-H&N35 functional domain in both groups. The EORTC QLQ-C30 functional domain exhibited a strong to moderate correlation with all other instruments in both groups. The UW-QOL exhibited a moderate to strong correlation with the VHI and EORTC QLQ-C30 in both groups. CONCLUSION: The EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-H&N35 and UW-QOL were the instruments that most correlated with the remaining instruments, indicating that any of the three can be used to assess the quality of life of the target population regardless of oesophageal voice development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Speech Therapy , Speech , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Clinics ; 75: e1682, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133351

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to establish a cut-off point for high dysphonia risk in children using the Child Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol (DRSP-C). METHODS: Through a preliminary study, voice recordings of 59 children (4-12 years of age) were collected during an auditory-perceptual analysis using the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice protocol. Thirty of the patients had voice disorders (patient group), and 29 did not (control group). A risk score for dysphonia was then calculated, and data were compared between groups. The relationship between overall degrees of deviation and questionnaire scores was analysed. The questionnaire's validity was verified from the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve, and cut-off points were obtained based on diagnostic criteria for screening procedures. RESULTS: The DRSP-C score was found to be higher for the patient group, as was the partial score for vocal behaviour. No correlation was found between overall degrees of dysphonia and questionnaire scores. The area under the ROC curve was measured as 0.678, denoting limited diagnostic capacity. The cut-off point was set at 16.50. Thus, above this value, dysphonia risk is higher. CONCLUSION: A cut-off point for high dysphonia risk was calculated. The DRSP-C proved to be a promising tool for children's clinical vocal and health promotion and should be used in conjunction with General Dysphonia Risk Screening.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Voice Quality , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , ROC Curve
7.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 303-312, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975588

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Supracricoid laryngectomy still has selected indications; there are few studies in the literature, and the case series are limited, a fact that stimulates the development of new studies to further elucidate the structural and functional aspects of the procedure. Objective To assess voice and deglutition parameters according to the number of preserved arytenoids. Methods Eleven patients who underwent subtotal laryngectomy with cricohyoidoepiglottopexy were evaluated by laryngeal nasofibroscopy, videofluoroscopy, and auditory-perceptual, acoustic, and voice pleasantness analyses, after resuming oral feeding. Results Functional abnormalities were detected in two out of the three patients who underwent arytenoidectomy, and in six patients from the remainder of the sample. Almost half of the sample presented silent laryngeal penetration and/or vallecular/ hypopharyngeal stasis on the videofluoroscopy. The mean voice analysis scores indicated moderate vocal deviation, roughness and breathiness; severe strain and loudness deviation; shorter maximum phonation time; the presence of noise; and high third and fourth formant values. The voices were rated as unpleasant. There was no difference in the number and functionality of the remaining arytenoids as prognostic factors for deglutition; however, in the qualitative analysis, favorable voice and deglutition outcomes were more common among patients who did not undergo arytenoidectomy and had normal functional conditions. Conclusion The number and functionality of the preserved arytenoidswere not found to be prognostic factors for favorable deglutition efficiency outcomes. However, the qualitative analysis showed that the preservation of both arytenoids and the absence of functional abnormalities were associated with more satisfactory voice and deglutition patterns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arytenoid Cartilage/surgery , Voice/physiology , Laryngectomy/methods , Arytenoid Cartilage/physiology , Auditory Perception , Speech Acoustics , Tracheostomy , Fluoroscopy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Deglutition/physiology , Visual Analog Scale , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Language Therapy , Laryngoscopy
8.
Clinics ; 73: e174, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To characterize the voice quality of individuals with dysphonia and to investigate possible correlations between the degree of voice deviation (D) and scores on the Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol-General (DRSP), the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) measure and the Voice Handicap Index, short version (VHI-10). METHODS: The sample included 200 individuals with dysphonia. Following laryngoscopy, the participants completed the DRSP, the V-RQOL measure, and the VHI-10; subsequently, voice samples were recorded for auditory-perceptual and acoustic analyses. The correlation between the score for each questionnaire and the overall degree of vocal deviation was analyzed, as was the correlation among the scores for the three questionnaires. RESULTS: Most of the participants (62%) were female, and the mean age of the sample was 49 years. The most common laryngeal diagnosis was organic dysphonia (79.5%). The mean D was 59.54, and the predominance of roughness had a mean of 54.74. All the participants exhibited at least one abnormal acoustic aspect. The mean questionnaire scores were DRSP, 44.7; V-RQOL, 57.1; and VHI-10, 16. An inverse correlation was found between the V-RQOL score and D; however, a positive correlation was found between both the VHI-10 and DRSP scores and D. CONCLUSION: A predominance of adult women, organic dysphonia, moderate voice deviation, high dysphonia risk, and low to moderate quality of life impact characterized our sample. There were correlations between the scores of each of the three questionnaires and the degree of voice deviation. It should be noted that the DRSP monitored the degree of dysphonia severity, which reinforces its applicability for patients with different laryngeal diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Voice Quality/physiology , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Laryngeal Diseases/physiopathology , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Dysphonia/physiopathology , Reference Values , Auditory Perception/physiology , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Noise
9.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 51: 124, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-903236

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To measure the risk of dysphonia in teachers, as well as investigate whether the perceptual-auditory and acoustic aspects of the voice of teachers in situations of silence and noise, the signal-to-noise ratio, and the noise levels in the classroom are associated with the presence of dysphonia. METHODS This is an observational cross-sectional research with 23 primary and secondary school teachers from a private school in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil, divided into the groups without dysphonia and with dysphonia. We performed the following procedures: general Dysphonia Risk Screening Protocol (General-DRSP) and complementary to speaking voice - teacher (Specific-DRSP), voice recording during class and in an individual situation in a silent room, and measurement of the signal-to-noise ratio and noise levels of classrooms. RESULTS We have found differences between groups regarding physical activity (General-DRSP) and particularities of the profession (Specific-DRSP), as well as in all aspects of the perceptual-auditory vocal analysis. We have found signs of voice wear in the group without dysphonia. Regarding the vocal resources in the situations of noise and silence, we have identified a difference for the production of abrupt vocal attack and the tendency of a more precise speech in the situation of noise. Both the signal-to-noise ratio and the room noise levels during class were high in both groups. CONCLUSIONS Teachers in both groups are at high risk for developing dysphonia and have negative vocal signals to a greater or lesser extent. Signal-to-noise ratio was inadequate in most classrooms, considering the standards for both children with normal hearing and with hearing loss, as well as equivalent noise levels.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Mensurar o risco de disfonia em professores, bem como investigar se os aspectos vocais perceptivo-auditivos e acústicos em situação de ruído, a relação sinal-ruído e os níveis de ruído em sala de aula estão associados à presença de disfonia. MÉTODOS Pesquisa transversal observacional com 23 professores da educação infantil e ensino fundamental de uma escola particular do município de São Paulo divididos nos grupos sem disfonia e com disfonia. Foram realizados os seguintes procedimentos: protocolo de rastreio de risco de disfonia geral (PRRD-Geral) e complementar para voz falada - professor (PRRD-Específico), gravação da voz durante aula e em situação individual em sala silenciosa, medição da relação sinal-ruído e dos níveis de ruído das salas de aula. RESULTADOS Foram encontradas diferenças entre os grupos quanto à atividade física (PRRD-Geral) e particularidades da profissão (PRRD-Específico), bem como em todos os aspectos da análise vocal perceptivo-auditiva. No grupo sem disfonia, foram encontrados sinais de desgaste da voz. Quanto aos recursos vocais nas situações de ruído e silêncio, identificamos diferença para produção de ataque vocal brusco e tendência de uma fala mais precisa na situação-ruído. Tanto a relação sinal-ruído quanto os níveis de ruído das salas durante a aula foram elevados nos dois grupos. CONCLUSÕES Os professores dos dois grupos estão expostos a riscos elevados para o desenvolvimento de disfonias e apresentam sinais vocais negativos em maior ou menor grau. A relação sinal-ruído apresentou-se inadequada em grande parte das salas de aula, considerando-se as normas tanto para crianças com audição normal quanto para aquelas com perda auditiva, assim como os níveis de ruído equivalentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Speech Production Measurement , Dysphonia/etiology , School Teachers , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Teaching/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Risk Assessment , Dysphonia/diagnosis
10.
Clinics ; 71(3): 114-127, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-778994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To propose and test the applicability of a dysphonia risk screening protocol with score calculation in individuals with and without dysphonia. METHOD: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 365 individuals (41 children, 142 adult women, 91 adult men and 91 seniors) divided into a dysphonic group and a non-dysphonic group. The protocol consisted of 18 questions and a score was calculated using a 10-cm visual analog scale. The measured value on the visual analog scale was added to the overall score, along with other partial scores. Speech samples allowed for analysis/assessment of the overall degree of vocal deviation and initial definition of the respective groups and after six months, the separation of the groups was confirmed using an acoustic analysis. RESULTS: The mean total scores were different between the groups in all samples. Values ranged between 37.0 and 57.85 in the dysphonic group and between 12.95 and 19.28 in the non-dysphonic group, with overall means of 46.09 and 15.55, respectively. High sensitivity and specificity were demonstrated when discriminating between the groups with the following cut-off points: 22.50 (children), 29.25 (adult women), 22.75 (adult men), and 27.10 (seniors). CONCLUSION: The protocol demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity in differentiating groups of individuals with and without dysphonia in different sample groups and is thus an effective instrument for use in voice clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Speech/classification , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Visual Analog Scale , Auditory Perception/physiology , Speech Acoustics , Voice Quality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Risk Assessment/methods
12.
Rev. CEFAC ; 16(2): 511-523, Mar-Apr/2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-710266

ABSTRACT

Objetivo descrever a formação dos fonoaudiólogos que atuam em equoterapia e as linhas gerais da intervenção fonoaudiológica na área proposta pelos mesmos. Métodos trata-se de uma pesquisa prospectiva transversal, que foi realizada com fonoaudiólogos que atuam com equoterapia nos centros cadastrados pela Associação Nacional de Equoterapia do estado de São Paulo. Como critérios para inclusão na pesquisa, os fonoaudiólogos participantes deveriam ter realizado algum curso específico de equoterapia e atuar na área há mais de um ano. Os resultados foram apresentados por meio de análise descritiva, divididos em 13 quadros de acordo com as questões realizadas. Resultados foram encontrados 47 centros de equoterapia cadastrados. Foi realizado o contato telefônico com todos os centros, e dentre eles 14 não possuíam fonoaudióloga na equipe, 22 não responderam, 11 questionários foram encaminhados e 06 questionários foram respondidos. Conclusão o grupo de profissionais apontou que o papel do fonoaudiólogo dentro da equipe de equoterapia, além de atuar diretamente com o praticante, é participar do planejamento terapêutico, esclarecer, mostrar e provar a importância do trabalho fonoaudiológico para a equipe e orientar a família do praticante. Porém, foi constatado que não há procedimentos e fundamentação teórica considerada padrão para a prática fonoaudiológica na equoterapia. .


Purpose describe the training of audiologists who work in hippotherapy and the outline of speech therapy contribution in the suggested area. Methods this is a cross-prospective research, performed by submitting a questionnaire to speech therapists who work with hippotherapy in centers accredited by ANDE – Brazil, in the State of São Paulo. As criteria for inclusion in the research, speech therapists should have attended any hippotherapy specific course and have at least a year of working experience in the area. The results were presented by descriptive analysis, divided into 13 frames according to the submitted questions. Results there were 47 hippotherapy centers registered. All the centers were contacted by telephone and among them14 had no speech therapist on their staff, 22 non-respondents, 11 questionnaires were sent, and 06 questionnaires were answered. Conclusion the group of professionals indicated that the role of speech therapists in the hippotherapy team, besides working directly with the practitioner, involves treatment planning, clarification, demonstration and proving the importance of speech therapy for the team and providing guidance to the family of the practioner. However, we have found that there is no theoretical basis and procedures considered standard practice for speech therapy in hippotherapy. .

13.
Rev. bras. cir. cabeça pescoço (Online) ; 43(1): 29-34, jan.-mar. 2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-733521

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar mudanças na conduta terapêutica fonoaudiológica após resultados da vídeoendoscopia da deglutição (VED) de pacientes após cirurgia de tumor de cabeça e pescoço ou após tratamento exclusivo ou coadjuvante com radioterapia e quimioterapia. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, com coleta de dados de prontuário e análise de exame funcional. A amostra constou de 20 pacientes com disfagia moderada ou grave (11 homens e nove mulheres), com média de idade de 58 anos. Do total, 17 pacientes realizaram tratamento cirúrgico e três apenas radioquimioterapia. A VED foi realizada após o mínimo de três sessões de terapia fonoaudiológica para disfagia. Para análise do pós exame foi considerado igualmente o mínimo de três sessões de fonoterapia. Os dados coletados foram relacionados à classificação de deglutição no período terapêutico baseado na Functional Communication Measures - Swallowing (ASHA-NOMs) (FCM), estratégias terapêuticas utilizadas quanto à consistência e manobras de deglutição, necessidade de outro exame funcional e encaminhamento médico. Os dados foram comparados nos momentos pré e pós VED. Resultados: Houve 25% de mudança na conduta fonoaudiológica pós VED; 50% de mudança na classificação FCM, dos quais 30% para maior grau; 70% de influência da VED nas estratégias terapêuticas - modificação em 30% quanto às consistências seguras; 30% no uso de manobras posturais, 25% em manobras de limpeza e 40% em manobras de proteção. Houve 25% de necessidade de outro exame funcional, sendo a videofluoroscopia o exame indicado; 10% foram encaminhados ao médico. Conclusão: Há impacto da VED na conduta fonoaudiológica, especialmente em relação às estratégias terapêuticas com predomínio de mudanças de consistência e manobras seguras.


Purpose: Investigate changes in speech therapy after Fiberoptic Endoscopy Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) in patients after head and neck oncological treatment. Methods: retrospective study, based in collection and analysis of speech therapy and functional examination. The sample consisted of 20 patients (11 males and nine females), mean age 58 years. Of the total, 17 patients underwent surgical treatment and three only radiochemotherapy. The VED was performed after a minimum of three sessions of speech therapy for dysphagia. For analyzing the post test was also considered at least three speech therapy sessions. The data collected were related to the classification of swallowing during treatment based on the Functional Communication Measures - Swallowing (ASHA-NOMs) (FCM), therapeutic strategies related to consistency, swallowing maneuvers, functional test and physician evaluation. Data were compared for the pre and post FEES. Results: There was change 25% in speech behavior after FEES, 50% in the classification FCM, of which 30% to greater scale, 70% in therapeutic strategies - 30% in regard to safe consistencies, 30% the use of postural maneuvers, in 25% cleaning maneuvers and 40% protection maneuvers. There was 25% of the necessity of a functional examination, with the fluoroscopy examination indicated, 10% were referred to a doctor. Conclusion: There was impact of FEES on the speech therapy purpose, especially in relation to therapeutic strategies with predominant changes for consistency and safely operated.

14.
Rev. CEFAC ; 15(3): 592-598, maio-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-679469

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: avaliar o uso do paquímetro digital na mensuração dos movimentos da mímica facial em diferentes momentos do tratamento fonoaudiológico. MÉTODO: estudo longitudinal prospectivo, em 20 sujeitos com idade entre 07 e 70 anos, sendo 13 do genero feminino e 07 masculino, com diagnóstico de paralisia facial periférica de Bell, atendidos no Ambulatório de Paralisia Facial, da disciplina de otorrinolaringologia de um Hospital Público Universitário. Neste estudo foi adotado o uso de um medidor paquímetro digital da marca Digimess 100.174BL, instrumento com resolução de 0,00mm/152,78mm. As medições foram realizadas no movimento da mímica facial, sempre partindo de um ponto fixo para o ponto móvel nas estruturas: tragus e comissura labial, canto externo do olho e comissura labial e também canto interno do olho e asa do nariz, sendo realizadas pré e pós tratamento fonoaudiológico. A quantificação da incompetência do movimento foi mensurada por meio de porcentagem simples. Foi aplicado teste dos Postos Sinalizados de Wilcoxon, para verificar possíveis diferenças entre ambos os momentos considerados (com e sem movimentos), como as variáveis de interesse. RESULTADOS: as mensurações tiveram um resultado estatisticamente significante (p<0,05) em todas as estruturas medidas propostas (tragus e comissura labial, canto externo do olho e comissura labial e canto interno do olho e asa do nariz), demonstrando que há possibilidades de se fazer medições de movimento e de ausência de movimento utilizando o paquímetro digital. CONCLUSÃO: o paquímetro mostrou ser um instrumento útil que permitiu comparar, de forma objetiva, a evolução da reabilitação da mímica facial na Paralisia Facial Periférica de Bell na amostra estudada.


PURPOSE: to assess the use of the digital caliper in the measurement of the facial mimic movements in different moments of the speech therapy. METHOD: prospective longitudinal study, with 20 subjects between 7 and 70 years-old, 13 females and 7 males, all diagnosed with Bell’s Palsy, attended in the Facial Paralysis Ambulatory, of the otorhinolaryngology subject of a University Public Hospital. The use of a Digimess 100,174BL digital measuring caliper was adopted for this study. The measurements were carried out in the facial mimic movement, always starting from a fixed point to a mobile point in the structures: the tragus and the labial commissure, external corner of the eye and labial commissure and also internal corner of the eye and the nasal ala. All measurements were carried out both prior and after the treatment. The quantification of the incompetence of the movement was measured by simple percentage. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was applied to check for possible differences between both moments considered (with and without movements), as the study variables. RESULTS: the measurements had a statistically significant result (p<0.05) in all the proposed measured structures (tragus and labial commissure, external corner of the eye and labial commissure, and internal corner of the eye and nasal ala), showing that there are possibilities of measuring of movement and absence of movement using a digital caliper. CONCLUSION: the caliper has demonstrated to be a useful device which has permitted to objectively compare the evolution of the rehabilitation of facial mimic in Bell’s Palsy in the sample studied here.

15.
Rev. CEFAC ; 15(2): 411-419, mar.-abr. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-674592

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: descrever medidas orofaciais em nipobrasileiros após crescimento puberal e verificar diferenças entre medidas de mulheres negras, brancas e nipobrasileiras. MÉTODO: a casuística foi composta de 90 sujeitos japoneses ou descendentes de japoneses, sem histórico de miscigenação, ambos os sexos, entre 20 e 50 anos, sem queixas ou atendimentos fonoaudiológicos atuais ou prévios em motricidade orofacial, sem tratamento ortodôntico atual e sem alteração cognitiva. As medidas avaliadas foram: lábio superior, lábio inferior, filtro, terço superior da face, terço médio da face, terço inferior da face, lados da face, abertura máxima de boca e abertura máxima de boca com a língua na papila. O instrumento utilizado foi o paquímetro eletrônico digital da marca Jomarca. Os dados foram comparados com os achados na literatura referentes às mulheres negras e brancas. RESULTADOS: os dados coletados mostraram homogeneidade entre as medidas; os valores para todas as medidas foram maiores nos homens, com relevância estatística positiva. As diferenças mais significantes entre as negras, brancas e nipobrasileiras foram: terço superior e filtro das nipobrasileiras menor do que de negras e brancas. Para o terço médio não houve diferença estatística significante. O lábio superior das nipobrasileiras é maior do que das brancas e o lábio inferior das nipobrasileiras menor do que das negras. Lados da face sem diferenças estatísticas. CONCLUSÃO: foi possível verificar que as médias das medidas foram sempre maiores nos homens, que houve relações significantes entre algumas medidas orofaciais e que houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as estruturas das brancas, negras e nipobrasileiras.


PURPOSE: to describe orofacial measurements in nipobrazilians individuals after pubertal growth and to verify the differences among black, white and nipobrazilians women measures. METHOD: the sample was composed by 90 Asian, Japanese and Japanese descendants, with no history of miscegenation, both genders, from 20 to 50 years old, with no complaints, current or previous speech therapy in orofacial mycology, not being orthodontic treated and with no cognitive impairment. The evaluated measurements were: upper lip, lower lip, philtrum, upper face, middle face, lower face, sides of the face, mouth aperture and maximum aperture of mouth with the tongue in the papilla. The instrument used was a Jomarca digital caliper. The data were compared to black and white women findings from the literature. RESULTS: collected data showed homogeneity among the measurements; the values for all measures were higher in men, with positive statistical relevance. The most significant differences among black, white and nipobrazilians were: smaller nipobrazilian's upper third and philtrum than in black and white women. There was no statistically significant difference for the middle third. Nipobrazilians upper lip was bigger than in white women and nipobrazilians lower lip was smaller than in black woman. Face's sides did not show statistical differences among ethnic groups. CONCLUSION: in the studied sample it was possible to verify that the averages of the measurements were always higher in men, there were significant associations among some orofacial measurements and there was statistically significant difference among the structures of white, black and nipobrazilians women.

16.
Rev. CEFAC ; 14(6): 1153-1166, out.-dez. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-660968

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: verificar o efeito da intervenção fonoaudiológica em um grupo de respiradores orais e propor terapia fonoaudiológica mínima no tratamento da respiração oral. MÉTODO: estudo prospectivo longitudinal, casuística de 40 sujeitos respiradores orais tratados no Hospital das Clínicas - setor de Reabilitação Orofacial do Ambulatório de Respirador Oral da Disciplina de Otorrinolaringologia da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP. Realizada documentação fotográfica, avaliação clínica, aplicação de protocolo para categorizar modo respiratório, postura (lábios e bochechas); força e praxias (lábios, bochechas e língua) nas semanas 0, 12 e 24. A proposta terapêutica constou de treino e conscientização da respiração nasal; manobras para aquecimento e vascularização da musculatura orofacial; aplicação de pontos e zonas motoras na face; manobras passivas; uso do impulso distal; exercícios miofuncionais e registro da percepção dos pacientes sobre suas condições olfativas e obstruções nasais.Teste estatístico: não paramétrico de Igualdade de Duas Proporções, p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: houve adequação da função respiração nasal. Aumento da força de lábios, língua e bochechas. Melhora nas praxias: bico direita, bico esquerda, estalo e vibração de lábios. Vibração e estalo de língua. Inflar simultaneamente as bochechas, inflar bochecha direita e esquerda. O tempo com maior ganho terapêutico foi de 12 semanas. A partir deste dado foi esquematizado protocolo com 12 sessões estruturadas abordando estratégias utilizadas nesta pesquisa. CONCLUSÃO: a pesquisa demonstrou que o uso da reabilitação miofuncional para pacientes respiradores orais foi eficiente com maior evolução terapêutica observada na semana 12.


PURPOSE: to check the effect of speech and language therapy on a group of mouth breathers, as well proposing a minimum therapy for mouth breathing treatment. METHOD: longitudinal prospective study, casuistic on 40 mouth breather subjects who were patients from the Otorhinolaryngology Ambulatory of UNICAMP Hospital. On weeks 0, 12 and 24, we proceeded photographical documentation, clinical assessment, and protocol application in order to categorize the breathing mode, posture (lips and cheeks), strength and movement (lips, cheeks and tongue). The applied therapeutic proposal consisted of practicing and awareness on nasal breathing; maneuvers to warm and vascularize the orofacial muscles; application of points and motor zones on the face; passive maneuvers; use of distal impulse; myofunctional exercises and register of patients’ perception on their olfactive conditions and nasal obstructions. A non-parametric two proportion equality test was used, p < 0.05. RESULTS: nasal breathing function was adjusted. Increase on lip, tongue and cheek strength. Improvement on the movement: lips pouted to the right and left, snap and lip vibration. Vibration and snap of tongue. Simultaneous inflation of the cheeks, inflation of left and right cheeks alternately. The highest therapeutic gain occurred on 12 weeks. From such data it was possible to come up a protocol made up of 12 structured sessions using the strategies from this study. CONCLUSION: the study has demonstrated the effectiveness of using myofunctional rehabilitation for mouth breathers, and the highest therapeutic evolution took place during the 12th week.

17.
Rev. CEFAC ; 12(5): 788-794, sep.-out. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-564270

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: verificar perfil, queixa e principais sinais e sintomas de uma amostra de pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular que estiveram ou estão em tratamento ortodôntico e observar a ocorrência de atendimentos multidisciplinares. MÉTODOS: foram coletados dados de 125 prontuários em uma clínica odontológica da cidade de Sorocaba e os itens analisados nos prontuários foram: sexo, idade, profissão, queixa, três principais sinais e sintomas dos pacientes e se houve encaminhamento para avaliação fonoaudiológica, fisioterápica e psicológica. RESULTADOS: predominância feminina, sendo 107 mulheres (85,6 por cento) e 18 homens (14,4 por cento). Média de idade de 35 anos, sendo a menor idade 14 anos e a maior 74 anos. Relação da disfunção temporomandibular com as profissões: 43 (34,4 por cento) eram profissionais com vínculo empregatício. Queixa trazida pelo paciente: dor na região da articulação temporomandibular e masseter: 86 - (68,8 por cento). Três principais sinais e sintomas observados na avaliação ortodôntica: dor na região da articulação temporomandibular e masseter: 98 - 78,4 por cento; estalos unilaterais: 55 - 44 por cento e travamento: 23 - 18,4 por cento. Conduta de encaminhamentos: fonoaudiologia 59 (47,2 por cento); fisioterapia 40 (32 por cento) e psicologia 53 (42,4 por cento). CONCLUSÃO: na amostra pesquisada, a prevalência de casos de disfunção temporomandibular foi maior no sexo feminino, com queixa de dor. Os principais sinais e sintomas foram: dor, estalo unilateral e travamento e houve encaminhamento para atendimentos multidisciplinares nas áreas de Fonoaudiologia, Fisioterapia e Psicologia.


PURPOSE: to check the main signs and symptoms of a sample of patients with temporomandibular dysfunction that were or are under orthodontic treatment and observe if there was a possible multidisciplinary treatment. METHODS: data from 125 medical records collected in a orthodontic clinic located in Sorocaba and the analyzed items were: gender, age, profession, complains, three main signs and symptoms of the patients and if they had been submitted to evaluation with a speech therapist, physiotherapist and psychological. RESULTS: feminine predominance, being 107 women (85.6 percent) and 18 men (14.4 percent). Average of age: 35 year-old, being the smallest age 14 years and the largest 74 years. Relationship of temporomandibular dysfunction with the professions: 43 - (34.4 percent) were professional with contract of employment. Complaint brought by the patient: pain in the area of temporomandibular articulation and masseter: 86 - (68.8 percent). Three main signs and symptoms observed in the orthodontic evaluation: pain in the temporomandibular articulation and masseter area: 98 - 78.4 percent; unilateral cracks: 55 - 44 percent and locking: 23 - 18.4 percent. Conduct of referrals: speech therapy 59 - (47, 2 percent); physiotherapy 40 (32 percent) and psychology 53 (42.4 percent). CONCLUSION: in the researched sample, the prevalence of cases related to temporomandibular dysfunction was higher in the feminine gender, with pain complaint. The main signs and symptoms were: pain, unilateral crack and locking and there was a referral for multidisciplinary cares for speech therapy, physiotherapy and psychology areas.

18.
Pró-fono ; 22(3): 359-362, jul.-set. 2010.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-564989

ABSTRACT

TEMA: sucessos e dificuldades no tratamento de disfonia psicogênica. OBJETIVO: discutir as limitações da terapia fonoaudiológica para disfonia psicogênica associada a outras doenças. MÉTODO: foram utilizados protocolos de avaliação e registros de terapia para discussão do caso. RESULTADOS: a paciente chegou com importante alteração vocal e, após avaliação, diagnosticou-se disfonia psicogênica. O tratamento envolveu ativação vocal e modificação do ajuste fixado. Observaram-se mudanças positivas como estabilidade no padrão vocal, redução da rouquidão, aspereza, soprosidade e desconforto laríngeo e na qualidade de vida relacionada à voz, mas que não se sustentaram na medida em que houve piora dos outros problemas de saúde. CONCLUSÃO: o tratamento fonoaudiológico pode ser limitado, contudo desafiador, quando a disfonia psicogênica ocorre de maneira concomitante com outras doenças.


BACKGROUND: success and difficulties in the treatment of psychogenic dysphonia. AIM: to discuss the limitations of speech therapy for psychogenic dysphonia associated with other diseases. METHOD: evaluation protocols and therapy registrations were used for discussion of the case. RESULTS: the patient arrived with a significant voice change and after evaluation psychogenic dysphonia was diagnosed. The treatment involved vocal activation and modification of the fixed adjustment. Positive changes were observed such as stability in vocal patterns and reduction of hoarseness, roughness, breathiness and throat discomfort and in the quality of life related to voice, but these changes were not sustained since other existing health problems aggravated. CONCLUSION: speech therapy may be limited, although challenging, when psychogenic dysphonia occurs concomitantly to other diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Dysphonia/psychology , Psychophysiologic Disorders/complications , Speech Therapy/standards , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Dysphonia/therapy , Speech Therapy/methods , Voice Disorders/therapy
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol ; 15(2): 238-242, 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-553433

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficácia dos valores da diferença entre os dois primeiros harmônicos para diferenciar vozes adaptadas de vozes levemente soprosas (B) ou tensas (S), durante a emissão da vogal -é- prolongada. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas 30 mulheres com vozes normais e alteradas. Foi gravada a vogal -é- de cada sujeito para posterior extração da intensidade dos dois primeiros harmônicos, por meio do gráfico FFT. Foi feita a subtração da amplitude do primeiro pelo segundo harmônico (H1-H2) e os dados foram tratados estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: A variação entre os valores de H1-H2, entre os sujeitos com grau 0 de soprosidade e tensão e os sujeitos com grau 1, também nos dois parâmetros, foi muito grande, portanto os valores não foram estatisticamente significativos. Entretanto, quando a soprosidade e tensão atingem o grau 2 a variação dos valores aproxima-se das descrições da literatura. CONCLUSÃO: A medida estudada não é eficaz para diferenciar vozes adaptadas daquelas levemente soprosas e tensas, em emissões da vogal -é- prolongada.


PURPOSE: To verify the efficacy of the values of the difference between the first two harmonics to distinguish adapted voices from slightly breathy (B) or tense (S), during the emission of the long vowel /é/. METHODS: Thirty women with normal and altered voices were evaluated. Each subject's vowel /é/ was recorded in order to extract the intensity of the first two harmonics, using the FFT graph. The range of the second harmonic was subtracted from the range of the first, and data were treated statistically. RESULTS: The variation between the values of H1-H2 between subjects rated 0 breathiness and tension and subjects rated 1, also in both parameters, was very high, therefore the values were not statistically significant. However, when the degrees of breathiness and tension get to 2, the variation values become more compatible with descriptions in literature. CONCLUSION: The measure studied is not efficient to distinguish adapted voices from those slightly breathy and tense, during the emission of the long vowel /é/.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Speech Acoustics , Voice Disorders , Voice Quality , Voice/physiology
20.
Rev. CEFAC ; 11(1): 94-101, jan.-mar.2009. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-511810

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: caracterizar o atendimento fonoaudiológico nas empresas de Assistência Domiciliar de Salvador. MÉTODOS: pesquisa retrospectiva por meio da aplicação de questionário às empresas, fonoaudiólogos e pacientes atendidos com fonoaudiólogo, de Janeiro a Março de 2006. RESULTADOS: o tempo médio de funcionamento das empresas é 9,17 anos. A média de pacientes atendidos por fonoaudiólogo é 14,33 com média de 3,17 fonoaudiólogos atendendo por empresa; profissionais presentes em 100 por cento das empresas são médicos e fisioterapeutas; os fonoaudiólogos trabalham por prestação de serviço, com valor médio de 33 reais por atendimento. A maioria dos pacientes são mulheres, idosos (média de 69 anos), com diagnóstico de doença neurológica: AVE (39,1 por cento), Demências (19,1 por cento); os fonoaudiólogos são em maioria mulheres, jovens e graduadas no próprio estado. CONCLUSÕES: a assistência domiciliar é atividade recente na Bahia, porém a presença do Fonoaudiólogo já é estabelecida, com profissionais graduados no próprio estado e trabalhando por prestação de serviço.


PURPOSE: to characterize the speech therapy service of home care service companies in Salvador. METHODS: a partially retrospective survey through questionnaires done by companies, speech therapists and patients attended by speech therapist from January to March 2006. RESULTS: companies have been open an average of 9.17 years. The average number of speech therapists per company is 3.17 and the average number of patients attended by speech therapist is 14.33; 100 percent of the company professionals are licensed doctors and physical therapists; speech therapists work as service rendering self-employed professionals, with average cost of R$ 33,00 per attendance. Most patients are women, elderly (average of 69 years), with diagnosis of neurological illness: Cerebrovascular disease (39.1 percent), Dementia (19.1 percent); most of the speech therapists are young women, who graduated from a local school. CONCLUSIONS: home care service is a recent activity in Bahia. However, speech therapist presence is already settled, with professionals graduated in their own states and working as service rendering self-employed professionals.


Subject(s)
Home Care Agencies , Home Care Services , Home Nursing , Homebound Persons , House Calls , Residential Treatment , Speech
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