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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 356-362, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964229

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the characteristics and correlated risk factors of dry eye patients with corneal epithelial defects.METHODS: Outpatient medical records of dry eye patients with corneal epithelial defects at Peking University Third Hospital from July 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients' data including sex, age, visit date, presence of comorbidities, and meteorological indicators at the same period were statistically analyzed.RESULTS: A total of 291 dry eye patients with corneal epithelial defects, of whom 75.3% were female, were retrospectively analyzed. Young patients aged 21-30 made up the most(26.5%), while the proportion of teenagers(<18 years, 5.8%)and the elderly(≥61 years, 17.2%)was low. However, as the largest proportion of this population, young and middle-aged patients tend to experience fewer visits(5.4±12.4). Spring and winter were the main seasons of complaints. The meteorological indicators at the same period including fine-particulate matter with a median aerometric diameter of less than 10μm(PM10), sulfur dioxide(SO2), nitrogen dioxide(NO2), and reduced average relative humidity were found significantly correlated with dry eye corneal epithelial defects(P<0.05). Conjunctivitis, cataracts, blurred vision, and trichiasis ranked the top four comorbidities.CONCLUSION: Dry eye corneal epithelial defects of young and female population cannot be ignored. PM10, SO2, NO2, and reduced humidity are found significantly correlated with dry eye corneal epithelial defects. For dry eye patients with conjunctivitis, cataracts, blurred vision, and trichiasis, more attention should be paid to their corneal conditions.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2059-2064, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998490

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the refractive status and myopia wearing rate of primary and secondary school students aged 6-18 in Yecheng county, Xinjiang.METHOD: Cross-sectional study. From October 2021 to June 2022, a stratified random sampling method was used to select 81 863 students from 51 primary schools and 30 secondary schools in Yecheng county, Kashgar Prefecture, Xinjiang. Basic data of the students were collected, and non ciliary muscle paralysis optometry was performed to detect naked eye farsightedness and corrected vision with glasses. The refractive status, glasses wearing rate, and full correction rate of students of different ages, genders, and ethnic groups were observed.RESULT: The detection rate of myopia among enrolled students was 13.39%(10958/81863), the wearing rate of glasses was 23.96%(2626/10958), and the full correction rate was 50.57%(1328/2626). The detection rate of myopia shows a certain upward trend with age, and the detection rate of myopia in girls was higher than that in boys(15.75% vs. 10.96%). The detection rates of myopia in Han, Uyghur, and other ethnic students were 68.12%, 12.63%, and 22.42%, respectively.CONCLUSION:The detection rate of myopia and glasses wearing rate were relatively low for students aged 6~18 in Yecheng county, Xinjiang, while the detection rate and glasses wearing rate of myopia among Han students were significantly higher than those of Uyghur and students of other ethnics.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 87-91, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between dietary composition of residents in endemic fluorosis areas and skeletal fluorosis.Methods:A case-control study was used to analyze the difference of dietary composition between patients with skeletal fluorosis (case group) and residents without skeletal fluorosis (control group). In August 2019, taking the drinking water-borne endemic fluorosis area in Wenshui County, Lvliang City, Shanxi Province as the survey site, a cluster sampling method was adopted to select local residents aged over 18 years old, and a questionnaire survey was conducted by face-to-face interview. The survey contents included gender, age and consumption frequency of various foods. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between food consumption frequency and skeletal fluorosis. The diagnosis of skeletal fluorosis was made by using portable digital radiography (DR) to take X-ray films of forearm and lower leg, combining with clinical signs, and according to the Diagnostic Standard for Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis (WS/T 192-2008) to determine.Results:A total of 1 061 subjects were included in this study, including 376 in the case group and 685 in the control group. The age composition of patients in the case group (≤60, > 60 years old: 162, 214 cases) was significantly different from that in the control group (≤60, > 60 years old: 423, 261 cases, χ 2 = 34.52, P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in gender ratio (χ 2 = 1.37, P = 0.251). The proportion of patients in the case group who ate meat and eggs > 1 time/week was lower than that in the control group (χ 2 = 8.06, 5.46, P < 0.05), the proportion of patients who ate milk > 1 time/week was higher than that in the control group (χ 2 = 4.01, P = 0.046), and the proportion of patients who ate seafood ≥1 time/week was lower than that in the control group (χ 2 = 4.16, P = 0.046). The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, sex, and urinary fluoride, the frequency of eating meat, eggs or milk > 1 time/week and the frequency of eating seafood ≥1 time/week were not related to the risk of skeletal fluorosis ( P > 0.05); however, in the group ≤60 years old, the frequency of eating eggs > 1 time/week was associated with the risk of skeletal fluorosis [odds ratio ( OR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 0.39, 0.88]. Conclusions:The consumption frequency of meat, milk, eggs and seafood is significantly different between the skeletal fluorosis patients and the control people. In the population ≤60 years old, consumption frequency of eggs > 1 time/week may reduce the risk of skeletal fluorosis.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1210-1212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013751

ABSTRACT

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a major hormone of incretin hormone and gut-brain axis, which is related to the control of energy homeostasis and the occurrence of obesity. In addition to suppressing appetite, GLP-1 has neuroprotective effects by acting on areas of the brain involved in stress response and mood regulation. Depression is a common mental disease, and GLP-1 is closely related to depression. This article reviews the role and mechanism of GLP-1 in depression.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 986-990, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973791

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the myopia and hyperopia reserve among Uyghur children aged 6~12 in Yecheng county of Xinjiang.METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, a total of 50 151 Uyghur students aged 6~12 years from Yecheng county of Xinjiang underwent comprehensive vision screening, including automatic computer optometry, indoor remote light box E-word standard logarithmic visual acuity chart(GB 11533), to measure the naked eye distant vision and corrected vision with lens.RESULTS: From October 2021 to January 2022, the spherical equivalent(SE)of 6-12 year old Uyghur myopic children was -0.875(-1.625, -0.625)D, and the detection rate of myopia was 6.75%(3384/50151)in Yecheng county of Xinjiang. The SE of the myopic children aged 6~12 was -0.75(-1.125, -0.625)D, -0.75(-1.125, -0.625)D, -0.875(-1.125, -0.625)D, -0.875(-1.375, -0.625)D, -0.875(-1.6, -0.625)D, -0.875(-1.625, -0.625)D, -1.25(-2.125, -0.75)D, respectively. The SE of non-myopic children aged 6~12 was +0.25(-0.125, +0.5)D, and the detection rate of insufficient hyperopia reserve was 75.51%. The SE of the non-myopic children aged 6~12 was +0.25(-0.125, +0.5)D, +0.25(0, +0.5)D, +0.125(-0.125, +0.5)D, +0.25(-0.125, +0.5)D, +0.125(-0.125, +0.5)D, +0.125(-0.125, +0.5)D, +0.25(-0.125, +0.625)D, respectively. The detection rates of myopia children aged 6~12 were 6.78%, 5.64%, 5.72%, 5.36%, 5.01%, 6.82%, 12.14%, respectively. The detection rates of insufficient hyperopia reserve children aged 6~12 were 91.67%, 92.04%, 92.91%, 83.85%, 68.89%, 54.01%, 26.71%, respectively. The detection rate of insufficient hyperopia reserve in non-myopic girls aged 9~12 years old was higher than that in boys(χ2=8.94, 19.99, 19.91 and 39.11, all P&#x003C;0. 05); The detection rate of myopia in 10~12 year old girls was higher than that in boys(χ2=5.402, 8.493 and 36.9711, all P&#x003C;0. 05).CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence rate of myopia among Uyghur children aged 6~12 years in Yecheng county of Xinjiang was 6.75%, while the detection rate of insufficient hyperopia reserve in non-myopic children reached up to 75.51%. It is predicted that there are a large number of children at high risk of myopia. Therefore, early monitoring of hyperopia reserve in children is vital for myopia prevention and control strategy.

6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 57-61, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981597

ABSTRACT

We reported an 8-year-old boy with panscleritis in left eye and right epididymitis after falling on the ground. Etiologic diagnosis played a key role in this case. Systemic examinations ruled out systemic autoimmune diseases, tumors, and infections as the cause of scleritis and suggested that the disease was caused by a local delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) induced by ocular trauma and was non-infectious. Still, the right epididymitis was infectious. Both conditions were treated successfully using steroids and antibiotics, respectively. Thus, early etiologic diagnosis and reasonable treatment are crucial to prevent visual loss.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Epididymitis/complications , Eye Injuries/complications , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Scleritis/etiology , Face
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 7-12, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the difference in CT values between pulmonary thromboembolism and postmortem clot in postmortem CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) to further improve the application value of virtual autopsy.@*METHODS@#Postmortem CTPA data with the definite cause of death from 2016 to 2019 were collected and divided into pulmonary thromboembolism group (n=4), postmortem clot group (n=5), and control group (n=5). CT values of pulmonary trunk and left and right pulmonary artery contents in each group were measured and analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The average CT value in the pulmonary thromboembolism group and postmortem clot group were (168.4±53.8) Hu and (282.7±78.0) Hu, respectively, which were lower than those of the control group (1 193.0±82.9) Hu (P<0.05). The average CT value of the postmortem clot group was higher than that of the pulmonary thromboembolism group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CT value is reliable and feasible as a relatively objective quantitative index to distinguish pulmonary thromboembolism and postmortem clot in postmortem CTPA. At the same time, it can provide a scientific basis to a certain extent for ruling out pulmonary thromboembolism deaths.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy , Thrombosis , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Angiography , Cadaver
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 507-514, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984144

ABSTRACT

At present, the death cases of simple asphyxiant gas acute poisoning are increasing sharply. Common asphyxiant gases in death cases include nitrogen, helium, carbon dioxide, methane, propane, laughing gas, etc. Simple asphyxiant gas has no affinity for biological matrices and escapes quickly, which puts forward new requirements for autopsy procedures, selection and collection of samples, laboratory analysis and identification. This paper reviews the research and development process of death cases caused by simple asphyxiant gas acute poisoning and put forwards the collection and analysis strategy of the samples in such cases. The most valuable biological samples in such cases should be lung tissues associated with the airways, followed by brain tissue and cardiac blood. Gaseous samples from the esophageal cavity, tracheal cavity, pulmonary bronchi, gastric and cardiac areas are also recommended as valuable samples. In the case of postmortem examination, the gas should be injected into gas sample bag directly. Biological materials such as tissue and blood should be directly sealed in head-space vials and analyzed by using the headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide/analysis , Autopsy , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Methane/analysis , Nitrogen
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 223-230, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To apply the convolutional neural network (CNN) Inception_v3 model in automatic identification of acceleration and deceleration injury based on CT images of brain, and to explore the application prospect of deep learning technology in forensic brain injury mechanism inference.@*METHODS@#CT images from 190 cases with acceleration and deceleration brain injury were selected as the experimental group, and CT images from 130 normal brain cases were used as the control group. The above-mentioned 320 imaging data were divided into training validation dataset and testing dataset according to random sampling method. The model classification performance was evaluated by the accuracy rate, precision rate, recall rate, F1-value and AUC value.@*RESULTS@#In the training process and validation process, the accuracy rate of the model to classify acceleration injury, deceleration injury and normal brain was 99.00% and 87.21%, which met the requirements. The optimized model was used to test the data of the testing dataset, the result showed that the accuracy rate of the model in the test set was 87.18%, and the precision rate, recall rate, F1-score and AUC of the model to recognize acceleration injury were 84.38%, 90.00%, 87.10% and 0.98, respectively, to recognize deceleration injury were 86.67%, 72.22%, 78.79% and 0.92, respectively, to recognize normal brain were 88.57%, 89.86%, 89.21% and 0.93, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Inception_v3 model has potential application value in distinguishing acceleration and deceleration injury based on brain CT images, and is expected to become an auxiliary tool to infer the mechanism of head injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Brain Injuries , Deep Learning , Neural Networks, Computer
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 217-222, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the correlation between CT imaging features of acceleration and deceleration brain injury and injury degree.@*METHODS@#A total of 299 cases with acceleration and deceleration brain injury were collected and divided into acceleration brain injury group and deceleration brain injury group according to the injury mechanism. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and Glasgow coma scale (GCS), combined with skull fracture, epidural hematoma (EDH), subdural hematoma (SDH) and brain contusion on the same and opposite sides of the stress point were selected as the screening indexes. χ2 test was used for primary screening, and binary logistic regression analysis was used for secondary screening. The indexes with the strongest correlation in acceleration and deceleration injury mechanism were selected.@*RESULTS@#χ2 test showed that skull fracture and EDH on the same side of the stress point; EDH, SDH and brain contusion on the opposite of the stress point; SAH, GCS were correlated with acceleration and deceleration injury (P<0.05). According to binary logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio (OR) of EDH on the same side of the stress point was 2.697, the OR of brain contusion on the opposite of the stress point was 0.043 and the OR of GCS was 0.238, suggesting there was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EDH on the same side of the stress point, brain contusion on the opposite of the stress point and GCS can be used as key indicators to distinguish acceleration and deceleration injury mechanism. In addition, skull fracture on the same side of the stress point, EDH and SDH on the opposite of the stress point and SAH were relatively weak indicators in distinguishing acceleration and deceleration injury mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Contusion , Brain Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial , Hematoma, Subdural/etiology , Logistic Models , Skull Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnostic imaging
11.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 158-165, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To understand the perceptions of doctors, patients and forensic examiners on the current situation of medical disputes and medical damage identification in China, and to explore the medical damage identification model that is more conducive for the resolution of medical disputes.@*METHODS@#A questionnaire was designed, and in-service clinicians, forensic examiners and inpatients in Sichuan Province and Chongqing City were randomly selected from April to November 2019. SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the data of various survey results.@*RESULTS@#Compared with patients (24.92%), doctors (61.72%) believed that the current doctor-patient relationship was more tense than before; both doctors and patients were more inclined to choose voluntary consultation and people's mediation to resolve medical disputes; forensic examiners have the highest level of cognition of medical and health-related laws and regulations, followed by doctors and patients; 66.72% of doctors and 78.41% of patients believed that medical damage identification was necessary, and they were more inclined to entrust forensic identification institutions; different groups all believed that forensic examiners and doctors should participate in the identification together, 80.94% of doctors believed that the appraisal institutions should be responsible for the forensic opinion, not the appraiser.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is suggested that the Medical Association identification and forensic identification should learn from each other and formulate basic unified rules for the identification of medical damage. It is suggested to standardize the behavior of medical damage forensic identification institutions and appraisers, to improve their own appraisal level, actively invite clinical medical experts for consultation in identification, and promote the standardized, scientization of forensic identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Dissent and Disputes , Forensic Medicine , Physician-Patient Relations , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 53-58, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the application value of virtual autopsy to obtain key evidence information on drowned corpses and its application value of virtual autopsy in the diagnosis of drowning.@*METHODS@#In this study, 7 corpses were selected as the research objects. The image data of corpses were collected by computed tomography (CT) before conventional autopsy. The characteristics of corpses were observed through image reading, combined with virtual measurement indexes, and compared with 15 non-drowned corpses.@*RESULTS@#The postmortem CT of drowning showed the more fluid in respiratory tract than the non-drowning, and ground-glass opacities in the lung. The statistical volume of fluid in the sinus (maxillary sinus and sphenoid sinus) was (10.24±4.70) mL in drowning cases and (2.02±2.45) mL in non-drowning cases. The average CT value of fluid in the sinus, left atrial blood and gastric contents in drowning cases were (15.91±17.20), (52.57±9.24) and (10.33±12.81) HU, respectively, which were lower than those in non-drowning cases (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The comprehensive consideration of multiple characteristic image manifestations and the virtual measurement indexes are helpful to the forensic pathological diagnosis of drowning. Virtual autopsy can be used as an auxiliary method in the forensic diagnosis of drowning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy/methods , Cadaver , Drowning/diagnostic imaging , Forensic Pathology/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 32-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radical radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT) on the long-term prognosis of patients with cervical and upper thoracic esophageal cancer.Methods:From January 2011 to December 2014, a retrospective analysis was performed in 172 patients with cervical and upper thoracic esophageal cancer who were eligible for IMRT. First, the prognosis of all the patients was evaluated using single factor and multivariate analyses. According to the different irradiation method of the patients, the patients were divided into two groups, one of which received conventional IMRT (C-IMRT) and the other of which received SIB-IMRT. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was applied to match the two groups of patients and to determine the treatment efficacy of patients after PSM, prognostic factors, failure modes, and side effects. SPSS19.0 statistical software was used to conduct statistical analysis.Results:The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) times of all the patients were 30 months and 20 months, respectively. The fact whether the surrounding tissues and organs of esophageal lesions were invaded, clinical node staging (cN staging), chemotherapy, and GTV-maximum transverse diameter were observed to be independent influencing factors of OS and PFS in all the patients ( P<0.001, P=0.013, 0.005, 0.002; P<0.001, P=0.017, 0.034, 0.002). In addition, the independent influencing factors of PFS showed short-term efficacy ( P=0.036). After PSM, there were 54 patients in each of the two groups. The result of multivariate analysis showed that the fact whether the surrounding tissues and organs of esophageal lesions were invaded, cN staging, cTNM staging, prescribed dose, GTV-maximum transverse diameter, and irradiation method were independent factors affecting the OS ( P<0.001, P=0.008, 0.014, 0.021, 0.010, 0.008). Similarly, the fact whether the surrounding tissues and organs of esophageal lesions were invaded, cN staging, and GTV-maximum transverse diameter were observed to be independent factors that affect the PFS of patients ( P<0.001, P=0.044, 0.013). The difference in the total failure rate (70.4% vs. 50.0%) and the local regional recurrence rate (61.1% vs. 31.5%) between the C-IMRT and SIB-IMRT groups after treatment was significant ( χ2=4.68, 9.53, P=0.031, 0.002). The incidence of radiation pneumonitis of grade ≥ 1 in the C-IMRT group was significantly higher than that of the SIB-IMRT group ( χ2=6.16, P=0.046), whereas the leukocyte suppression of grade ≥ 2 in the C-IMRT group was significantly lower than that in the SIB-IMRT group ( χ2=12.77, P=0.005). Conclusions:As shown by the result of this study, compared with C-IMRT, SIB-IMRT can improve the OS of patients with cervical and upper thoracic esophageal cancer to a certain extent. Whether SIB-IMRT can improve the PFS of patients requires further research.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 24-29, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932140

ABSTRACT

Pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma is an adrenal tumor that secrets catecholamines and is extremely rare in pregnant women. Its clinical presentation is lack of specificity, and the combination of low prevalence and nonspecific clinical presentation makes diagnosis and treatment difficult. In this study, the clinical data and prognosis of 5 pregnant patients with pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma were analyzed. It was found that hypertension first occurred in 4 patients during pregnancy, and the clinical manifestations of each case were different. Surgical treatment is the first choice in the treatment, patients who cannot operate can choose radionuclide therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Through follow-up, they all showed recurrence and metastasis at different times. Among them, the patients who continued to be pregnant to the middle and late stages of surgical treatment progressed rapidly, and there were multiple bone metastases throughout the body in a short period of time, and two cases died in a short period of time. Therefore, effective diagnosis, individualized treatment and lifelong follow-up are particularly important.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 613-617, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of wheat grain moxibustion combined with rehabilitation training and simple rehabilitation training on finger spasm after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with finger spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 40 cases in each group. The control group was given routine rehabilitation training, once a day, 30 min each time. The observation group was given wheat grain moxibustion at Shixuan (EX-UE 11) on the basis of the control group, 8~10 moxibustion cones at each point, once a day. Both groups were treated for 6 days as one course of treatment for 4 courses. The motor function of the affected hand (Fugl-Meyer assessment [FMA] score) and muscle tension (modified Ashworth scale [MAS] grading), surface EMG indexes (wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle mean square [RMS] value), hand muscle strength (neurological deficit score [NDS]) and daily living ability (modified Barthel index [MBI] score) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, FMA and MBI scores in the 2 groups were increased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The RMS value of wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle in relaxation and passive function testsand and NDS in the 2 groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). MAS grading in the 2 groups was improved compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was better than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 92.5% (37/40), which was higher than that of the control group (80.0%, 32/40, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wheat grain moxibustion at Shixuan (EX-UE 11) combined with rehabilitation training can improve the hand motor function and daily living ability of patients with finger spasm after stroke, improve the degree of spasm and the function of wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle, the clinical effect is better than simple rehabilitation training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Spasm/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Triticum
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2378-2387, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937030

ABSTRACT

Rhein is an anthraquinone compound extracted from rhubarb, aloe vera, Polygonum multiflorum. In this study, we screened the potential targets of rhein through protein chip technology and investigated the underlying mechanism of its inhibition of colorectal cancer. Colony formation assay and scratch assay were used to examine the effect of rhein on the proliferation and migration abilities of HCT116 cell; KEGG and protein interaction analyses of rhein specific binding proteins by screening rhein binding proteins using protein chip; qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to determine the effect of rhein on the expression levels of BCL-2-associated X protein (BAX), B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and argininosuccinate synthetase 1 (ASS1) in HCT116 cell. The antitumor effect of rhein was verified by azoxymethane combined with dextran sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS) induced colorectal cancer model. Experimental animal procedures were performed in accordance with animal welfare and the standards of the Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of South China Agricultural University, with approval from the ethics committee. In vivo and in vitro results indicate that rhein specific binding proteins are mainly involved in amino acid anabolism, especially the arginine anabolic signaling pathway. Rhein inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCT116 cell in a concentration-dependent manner. Treated with rhein for 24 h significantly enhanced the expression of BAX and ASS1 in HCT116 cells, as well as the level of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism. In a mouse model of colorectal cancer, rhein significantly alleviated AOM/DSS induced weight loss and reduced fecal occult blood score. Meanwhile, rhein enhanced BAX and ASS1 expression in colon tumor tissue, as well as increased arginine and NO in serum. IHC and HE stain indicated that rhein alleviated Ki67 expression and macrophage infiltration in the colonic tissue of mice with AOM/DSS and delayed tumor formation. In conclusion, rhein can exert antitumor activity by regulating arginine and NO metabolism through ASS1.

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 204-212, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929226

ABSTRACT

In recent years, new preparations of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have been developed, increasing the need for their clinical trials. Using placeboes rather than control drugs is increasingly popular in clinical trials of TCMs, as the therapeutic effects of the tested TCMs can be more properly judged. The basic attributes of TCM placeboes include similarity, safety, applicability and controllability. In particular, it is necessary to have similarities in appearance, color, smell and taste between the tested TCMs and placeboes. This is quite difficult for some TCMs due to their distinctive smell and taste. On the other hand, according to the TCM theory on homology of medicine and food, many foods also have certain bioactivities, potentially further complicating the selection of materials for TCM placeboes. In this review, firstly, studies on the special smell and taste of TCMs were introduced. Then, the preparation quality evaluation processes for TCM placeboes were summarized and discussed, based on the relevant literature published in recent years and the research results from our own lab. This review will facilitate the further research and development of TCM placeboes.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 162-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a qualitative and quantitative method for the determination of aristolochic acids in <italic>Aristolochia cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers. Method:The dried root tubers of <italic>A. cinnabarina </italic>was qualitative and quantitative analysis by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS). The analysis was performed on Waters ACQUITY UPLC-BEH C<sub>18</sub> column ( 2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 10%B; 1-9 min, 10%-30%B; 9-11 min, 30%-50%B; 11-15 min, 50%-90%B). The flow rate was 0.45 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 250 nm. Mass spectral data was acquired in positive mode of electrospray ionization (ESI). At the same time, the UPLC fingerprints of aristolochic acids in 21 batches of <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers were established, and the contents of 5 aristolochic acids in <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers from different producing areas and different harvesting periods were determined. Result:A total of 17 compounds, including 8 aristolochic acids, 7 aristololactams and 2 4,5-dioxoaporphine alkaloids, were identified from <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers by mass spectrometry data and bibliographic information. Ten common peaks were identified in the UPLC fingerprint, and they were tuberosinone-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolactam Ⅰa-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolochic acid Ⅳa-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolactam Ⅲa-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolactam Ⅰ-<italic>N</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside, aristolochic acid Ⅲa, aristolochic acid Ⅳa, aristolochic acid Ⅱ, aristolactam Ⅰ and aristolochic acid Ⅰ. According to the quantitative analysis, the results exhibited that aristolochic acid Ⅲa, aristolochic acid Ⅳa, aristolochic acid Ⅱ, aristolactam Ⅰ and aristolochic acid Ⅰ had good linear relationships in the linear range. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of precision, stability and reproducibility tests were all less than 3.0%, the recovery was 97.06%-101.84% (RSD<3.0%). The contents of aristolochic acid Ⅰ, aristolochic acid Ⅱ, aristolochic acid Ⅲa, aristolochic acid Ⅳa, and aristolactam Ⅰ in 21 batches of <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers were 0.938 6-3.567 5, 1.377 6-3.688 1, 0.056 3-0.527 7, 0.108 8-0.305 5, 0.021 0-0.081 7 mg·g<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. Conclusion:The content of aristolochic acids in <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers has a certain difference, the contents of aristolochic acid Ⅰ and Ⅱ are higher than other aristolochic acids. The established method is rapid, simple, accurate and reliable, which can provide reference for the quality control and evaluation of <italic>A. cinnabarina</italic> dried root tubers.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3514-3521, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888002

ABSTRACT

According to the records of Chinese materia medica,Coptis chinensis var. brevisepala is an authentic Chinese medicinal plant highly recommended by ancient physicians since its rhizome is like a string of beads and has a good medicinal value. However,its medicinal components and values remain to be studied as it is endangered because of overexploitation. Therefore,this study aims to quantitatively determine its effective components based on UPLC-QTOF-MS,and to compare the contents of isoquinoline alkaloids in C.chinensis var. brevisepala with those in other Coptis species. Meanwhile,molecular methods accurately identified 12 batches of C. chinensis var. brevisepala,9 batches of C. chinensis,4 batches of C. deltoidea,and 1 batch of C. teeta. Gradient elution was performed with Waters CORTECS C18 column( 4. 6 mm× 150 mm,2. 7 μm) and the mobile phase acetonitrile-water with 0. 4% formic acid. Mass spectrometry was conducted in ESI positive mode. The quantitative results showed that 8 main alkaloids had a good linear relationship within the concentration range( R~2>0. 996),with the recovery rate of 95. 18%-105. 0% and the RSD of 0. 28%-3. 7%. Compared with that of other Coptis species,the rhizome of C. chinensis var. brevisepala had the highest contents of berberine and columbamine. The total content of the 8 alkaloids in C. chinensis var. brevisepala was similar to that in C. chinensis but higher than that of the other two species. PCA was performed to compare the alkaloids among the 4 species. Besides,the 8 alkaloids were evaluated in different parts of C. chinensis var. brevisepala. The results indicate that this method is reliable and efficient and can provide a reference for the quality research.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine Alkaloids , China , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Plants, Medicinal
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3504-3513, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888001

ABSTRACT

Coptidis Rhizoma is a common Chinese medicinal in clinical practice,with the effects of clearing heat,drying dampness,purging fire,and removing toxin. All the medicinal plants of Coptis can be used for clinical treatment,but some species are endangered due to resource destruction and difficulty in planting. The dominant medicinal components in Coptidis Rhizoma are isoquinoline alkaloids. There are various methods for the analysis and detection of alkaloids,such as LC-MS,HPLC,and TLC,among which LC-MS is the most widely applied. Different plants of Coptis vary in the kind and content of alkaloids. C. chinensis,C. deltoidea,C. teeta,C. chinensis var. brevisepala,C. omeiensis,C. quinquefolia,and C. quinquesecta mainly contain berberine,palmatine,coptisine,jatrorrhizine,and columbamine,five effective alkaloid components. Plant isoquinoline alkaloids( PIAs) have strong pharmacological activity but are difficult to prepare. The application of synthetic biology of PIAs will be helpful for the clinical application of PIAs. This paper reviews the research progress on biological resources of Coptis species and structures of alkaloids as well as analysis methods and synthetic biology for isoquinoline alkaloids in the medicinal plants of Coptis in recent years,which will facilitate the protection of Coptis medicinal resources and the application and development of alkaloids.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Berberine , Berberine Alkaloids , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Isoquinolines , Rhizome
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