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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 238-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996526

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is the most prevalent gastrointestinal tumor in China, threatening the life and health of patients. Surgery is one of the available therapies, which, however, induces postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction (PGD) and other common complications. The pathogenesis of PGD is still unclear and no efficient targeted drug is available. In addition, the limited treatment measures fail to effectively improve gastrointestinal function. As a result, patients generally suffer from low quality of life and poor prognosis. In Chinese medicine, PGD belongs to the categories of "vomiting", "stuffiness and fullness", "regurgitation", "abdominal distension", "intestinal impediment", and "intestinal accumulation". In recent years, there has been an explosion of research on the PGD of gastric cancer in Chinese medicine, and many research results have been obtained. On this basis, this study introduced PGD in modern medicine, and causes and pathogenesis, syndrome differentiation-based treatment, and clinical studies of PGD. It was found that diverse internal and external treatments are available in Chinese medicine for PGD such as internal use of Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine enema, auricular point seed-embedding, acupuncture, and moxibustion, which feature ease of implementation, small side effects, definite efficacy, and significant effect in combination with other therapies. This paper summarized the ideas and measures for treatment of PGD of gastric cancer by Chinese medicine, the research outcomes, limitations, and research directions, which can serve as a reference for further research on treatment of PGD of gastric cancer by Chinese medicine.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 528-533, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912207

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and screen microRNA (miRNA) related to the prognosis of gastric cancer(GC) by bioinformatics analysis, and to construct and validate a risk score model.Methods:The human genome miRNA sequencing data and corresponding clinicopathological data of the 491 samples (446 GC tissue samples and 45 normal gastric tissue samples) were downloaded from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database. The differentially expressed microRNA (DEM) was analyzed with edgeR package of R 4.0.2 software and the obtained DEM’s profile was randomly divided into training set and test set according to the ratio of 1∶1. The miRNA related to prognosis were analyzed and screened with univariate Cox regression and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression, and multivariate Cox regression analysis was further performed to analyze the screened prognostic-related miRNA and then the prognostic risk score model was constructed. Kaplan-Meier curve, receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), and dynamic area under the ROC were drawn to evaluate the predictive power of the model.Results:A total of 175 DEM in GC tissues were screened out based on the cut-off criteria of |log2 Fold Change|>1.5 and P<0.01. Six DEMs related to the overall survival rate of patients with GC were screened out by univariate Cox regression and LASSO regression analysis, and then a five-miRNA risk score model was successfully constructed by multivariate Cox regression. The risk score=0.183×hsa-miRNA-184+ 0.086×hsa-miRNA-675-0.231×hsa-miRNA-2115+ 0.548×hsa-miRNA-3943-1.455×hsa-miRNA-1246. In the training set, test set and overall data set, the cumulative survival rates of the patients with higher risk score were lower than those of the patients with lower risk score, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=18.90, 9.50 and 26.70, all P<0.05). The prediction power of the model was better than that of TNM stage. And the results of stratified analysis showed the predictive ability of the model in patients with early GC. The results of univariate Cox regression and multivariate Cox regression demonstrated that the risk score of the model, gae and M stage were independent risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with GC (hazard ratio(95% confidence interval)1.19(1.07 to 1.32), 1.20(1.06 to 1.40), 1.50(1.01 to 2.23), 1.90(1.28 to 2.90), 1.34(1.15 to 1.57), 2.10(1.05 to 4.40); all P<0.05). Conclusion:The 5-miRNA risk score model based on 5 miRNAs which was an independent prognostic factor had high accuracy in predicting the prognosis of patients with GC.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1078-1084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of prevention and treatment of esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB) in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients in Ningxia region.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 820 cirrhotic portal hypertension patients who were admitted to 21 medical centers in Niangxia region from January 2018 to December 2020 were collected, including 85 cases in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People′s Hospital, 73 cases in the Fifth People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, 59 cases in the Wuzhong People′s Hospital, 52 cases in the Qingtongxia People′s Hospital, 50 cases in the Guyuan People′s Hospital, 47 cases in the Yuanzhou District People′s Hospital of Guyuan City, 47 cases in the Yinchuan Second People′s Hospital, 40 cases in the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, 40 cases in the Tongxin People′s Hospital, 35 cases in the Yinchuan First People′s Hospital, 34 cases in the Third People′s Hospital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, 32 cases in the Zhongwei People′s Hospital, 30 cases in the Lingwu People′s Hospital, 30 cases in the Wuzhong New District Hospital, 30 cases in the Yanchi People′s Hospital, 29 cases in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 28 cases in the Shizuishan Second People′s Hospital, 25 cases in the Shizuishan First People′s Hospital, 21 cases in the Haiyuan People′s Hospital, 20 cases in the Pengyang People′s Hospital, 13 cases in the Longde People′s Hospital. There were 538 males and 282 females, aged (56±13)years. Observation indicators: (1) clinical charac-teristics of cirrhotic portal hypertension patients; (2) overall prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients; (3) prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients from different grade hospitals. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Results:(1) Clinical characteristics of cirrhotic portal hypertension patients: of 820 cirrhotic portal hypertension patients, 271 cases were in compensated stage and 549 cases were in decompensated stage. Of the 271 cases in compensated stage, there were 183 maels and 88 females, aged (53±12)years. There were 185 Han people, 85 Hui people and 1 case of other ethic group. The etiological data of liver cirrhosis showed 211 cases of viral hepatitis B, 4 cases of alcoholic liver disease, 8 cases of viral hepatitis C, and 48 cases of other etiology. There were 235 cases of Child-Pugh grade A and 36 cases lack of data. Of the 549 cases in decompensated stage, there were 355 males and 194 females, aged (57±14) years. There were 373 Han people, 174 Hui people and 2 cases of other ethic group. The etiological data of liver cirrhosis showed 392 cases of viral hepatitis B, 33 cases of alcoholic liver disease, 10 cases of viral hepatitis C, and 114 cases of other etiology. There were 80 cases of Child-Pugh grade A, 289 cases of grade B, 170 cases of grade C and 10 cases lack of data. (2) Overall prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients: of 271 patients in compensated stage, 38 cases received non-selective β-blocker (NSBB) therapy, 16 cases received endoscopic treatment, 6 cases received interventional therapy. Of 549 patients in decompensated stage, 68 cases received NSBB therapy, 46 cases received endoscopic treatment, 28 cases received interventional therapy. (3) Prevention and treatment of EVB in cirrhotic portal hypertension patients from different grade hospitals: of 271 patients in compensated stage, 181 cases came from tertiary hospitals, of which 28 cases received NSBB therapy, 15 cases received endoscopic treatment, 6 cases received interventional therapy. Ninety cases came from secondary hospitals, of which 10 cases received NSBB therapy, 1 cases received endoscopic treatment. There was no significant difference in NSBB for prevention of EVB between tertiary and secondary hospitals ( χ2=0.947, P>0.05), while there was a significant difference in endoscopic treatment for prevention of EVB between tertiary and secondary hospitals ( χ2=5.572, P<0.05). Of 549 patients in decompensated stage, 309 cases came from tertiary hospitals, of which 22 cases received NSBB therapy, 29 cases received endoscopic treatment, 22 cases received interventional therapy. Two hundreds and fourty cases came from secondary hospitals, of which 46 cases received NSBB therapy, 17 cases received endoscopic treatment, 6 cases received interven-tional therapy. There were significant differences in NSBB and interventional therapy for prevention of EVB between tertiary and secondary hospitals ( χ2=18.065, 5.956, P<0.05). Conclusions:The proportion of receiving EUB prevention in cirrhotic portal hypertension in Ningxia is relatively low. For patients with compensated liver cirrhosis, the proportion of NSBB therapy and endoscopic treatment in the secondary hospitals was lower than that in tertiary hospitals. For patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis, the proportion of interventional treatment in secondary hospitals is lower than that of tertiary hospitals, but the proportion of NSBB in secondary hospitals taking is higher than that of tertiary hospitals.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 692-696, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the outcomes of endoscopic combined ultrasound-guided access (EUGA) with the conventional ultrasound-guided access (UGA) to achieve percutaneous renal access in endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS).@*METHODS@#A retrospective review of 53 patients undergoing ECIRS to treat upper urinary tract calculi between January 2017 and October 2019 was con-ducted. All of the cases were of complex upper urinary tract stones larger than 2 cm in diameter. The com-plex stone situations, such as multiple renal calyces calculi or staghorn calculi necessitated ECIRS. Under general anesthesia, the patients were placed in the galdakao-modified supine valdivia (GMSV) position, thus allowing both antegrade and retrograde accesss. The patients were divided to UGA and EUGA groups according to the protocol of achieving percutaneous renal access. In 28 cases, endoscopic combined ultrasound-guided accesss were obtained. Puncture and dilation were performed under direct flexible ureteroscopic visualization, while percutaneous renal access of 25 cases were performed with the conventional technique employing ultrasound guidance. Demographic and perioperative information, such as stone burden, presence of hydronephrosis and number of calyces involved was compared. Primary outcomes included total operative time, renal access time, repeat puncture, hemoglobin level, perioperative complications, and stone-free rate.@*RESULTS@#No major intra-operative complication was recorded in all the 53 ECRIS. No significant difference was observed between the groups in age and gender. There was no significant difference in body mass index[BMI (29.21±3.14) kg/m2 vs.(28.53±2.56) kg/m2], stone burden (37.68±6.89) mm vs. (35.53±6.52) mm, number of calyces involved 2.72±0.68 vs. 2.86±0.71, presence of hydronephrosis (56.0% vs. 46.4%), total operative time (93.0±12.2) min vs. (96.8±14.2) min, hemoglobin level reduction (6.56±2.16) g/L vs. 97.54±2.64) g/L, stone-free rate (92.0% vs. 92.8%), hospital stay (5.52±0.59) d vs. (5.64±0.62) d, perioperative complication rate (8.0% vs. 7.2%). Two patients in EUGA group experienced perioperative complications (one urinary tract infection and one hematuria) while two patients in UGA group experienced perioperative urinary tract infection. None in both groups received blood transfusion. The patients undergoing EUGA had shorter renal access time [(4.0±0.7) min vs. (6.8±2.6) min, P < 0.01] and less repeat puncture (0 vs. 4 cases, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EUGA is an optimal technique to establish percutaneous renal access in ECIRS, which minimizes access time and repeated procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Calculi , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Ureteroscopy
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 672-677, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the efficacy and safety of simultaneous bilateral endoscopic surgery (SBES) for bilateral upper urinary tract calculi, and to summarize the initial experience.@*METHODS@#Patients diagnosed with bilateral upper urinary tract calculi who underwent SBES in the Department of Urology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. The demographic and clinical data of the patients were recorded, and the operation status, stone free rate (SFR) and peri-operative complications were analyzed. The primary end point was SFR, and second end point was peri-operative complications.@*RESULTS@#A total of 23 patients underwent SBES, of which SBES was completed in 19 patients (12 males, and 7 females). The mean age was (41.3±12.0) years. Fourteen patients underwent modified supine position surgery and 4 patients in prone split-leg position. There was no statistical difference in the demographic and baseline clinical data of the patients in different positions. One patient underwent right percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and left endoscopic combined intra-renal surgery (ECIRS) in the prone split-leg position, while 18 patients received simul-taneous surgery with PCNL and contralateral retrograde intra-renal surgery (RIRS). The mean anesthesia and operation time was (128.7±26.5) min and (70.7±20.3) min, respectively, which was significantly longer in the patients with prone split-leg position than in the patients with modified supine position, anesthesia time in the patients with prone split-leg position and modified supine position: (148.4±20.4) min vs. (121.6±25.3) min, respectively, t=-2.121, P=0.049, while the operation time in the patients with prone split-leg position and modified supine position: (86.4±21.1) min vs. (65.1±17.4) min, respectively, t=-2.222, P=0.040. There was no significant difference between the two groups in indwelling of nephrostomy [prone split-leg position and modified supine position: (2.6±0.9) d vs. (2.1±1.0) d, respectively; t=-0.880, P=0.391] and the length of hospital stay [prone split-leg position and modified supine position: (6.0±2.7) d vs. (5.2±1.8) d, respectively; t=-0.731, P=0.475]. One month after the operation, the SFR was 78.9%, and 3 patients had minor peri-operative complications (Clavien-Dindo grades Ⅰ/Ⅱ) without any serious complications (Clavien-Dindo grades Ⅲ/Ⅳ/Ⅴ).@*CONCLUSION@#The simultaneous bilateral endoscopic surgery would decrease the operation time and anesthesia exposure under the premise of ensuring the SFR, which is helpful to reduce the risk of peri-operative complications, especially to the patients who can not tolerate the second-stage or long-time operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Calcinosis/surgery , Endoscopy , Kidney Calculi , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urologic Diseases/surgery
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 88-94, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873091

ABSTRACT

Objective::To determine whether the main components of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma can improve insulin resistance by regulating glycogen synthesis, glycolysis pathway and fatty acid synthesis in myoblasts of L6 rat myoblasts. Method::Insulin resistance (IR) model of L6 rat myoblasts was established through incubation with 0.05 mmol·L-1 palmitic acid (PA) for 9 hours. Normal group, model group, glycyrrhizic acid (GA, 25 μmol·L-1) group, 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (18β-GA, 25 μmol·L-1) group, isoliquiritigenin (ILG, 25 μmol·L-1) group and isoliquiritin (ILQ, 25 μmol·L-1) group were set up, glucose content in supernatant of cell culture medium was detected by glucose kit, myoblasts glycogen content was determined by glycogen detection kit, protein expression levels of Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c(SREBP-1c), fatty acid synthetase (FAS) and glycogen synthase kinase3β(GSK3β) were detected by Western blot, and the mRNA expressions of key enzymes in glycolysis were detected by quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR). Result::Compared with those in the normal group, the glucose consumption rate was significantly down-regulated in model group (P<0.01), the glycogen content was decreased (P<0.05), the protein expressions of Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and fatty acid synthase (FAS) were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the mRNA expressions of fructose phosphate kinase 1 (PFK1), pyruvate kinase (PK) and hexokinase (HK) were down-regulated (P<0.05), and the protein expression of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3β) protein was increased (P<0.05). Compared with model group, GA, 18β-GA and ILG could significantly increase glycogen content in myoblasts of IR-L6 rats (P<0.05, P<0.01). GA, 18β-GA and ILQ could significantly increase the expression of SREBP-1c (P<0.05, P<0.01), and GA, 18β-GA, ILG and ILQ could significantly increase the expression of FAS (P<0.05, P<0.01), the mRNA expressions of PFK1, PK and HK (P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulate the protein expression of GSK3β (P<0.05). Conclusion::The main components of licorice improve the insulin resistance by promoting glycolysis and glycogen synthesis and regulating fatty acid synthesis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 260-264, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804925

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics of asymmetric hearing loss in automobile manufacturing workers and the effect of occupational noise exposure on asymmetric hearing loss.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional approach was used in this study. From March 2017 to February 2018, Subjects (7066) from four complete vehicle factories were given a pure tone audiometry (Hearing thresholds were measured at frequencies of 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 kHz in each ear) and were required to complete a health-related information questionnaire. According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 6339 workers were selected. The mean hearing thresholds for the left and right ears at overall frequencies were compared using the repeated means analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The threshold differences at each frequency were compared using paired t tests.@*Results@#The overall mean left minus right threshold difference across all frequencies was determined to be 0.58 dB, which met statistical significance (P<0.01) . Hearing threshold in the left ear was statistically significantly higher compared with the right ear at each frequency. The differences between binaural threshold shifts at each frequency among subjects with a asymmetry in terms of worse left ear and worse right ear were at the range of 6.17-9.87 dB and 6.39-10.92 dB, respectively. Hearing threshold in the left ear was statistically significantly higher compared with the right ear at only 2, 3 kHz of subjects with high-frequency hearing threshold shifts (HFHTs) more than 25 dB. Hearing threshold in the left ear was statistically significantly higher compared with the right ear at only 3 kHz of subjects with high-frequency hearing threshold shifts (HFHTs) more than 30 dB. With the increase of HFHTs, the proportion of subjects with a asymmetry at 2 and 3 kHz of more than 10 dB in terms of worse left ear and worse right ear increased.@*Conclusion@#The average hearing threshold of the left ear across overall frequencies is higher compared with the right ear, the proportion of the cases with a higher left ear hearing threshold is higher that that of the cases with a higher right ear hearing threshold. As hearing loss caused by occupational noise exposure getting worse, the proportion of the cases with a higher left ear hearing threshold and the cases with a higher right ear hearing threshold may tent to be the same.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 435-444, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771363

ABSTRACT

Genes belonging to the elongases of very long chain fatty acid (ELOVL) family affect many physiological functions in organism. In this paper, Bmelo424 gene, a member of the ELOVL family in silkworm, was cloned and its ORF was 558 bp. Its protein sequence was predicted to have four transmembrane domains, six serine phosphorylation sites, eight threonine phosphorylation sites and four tyrosine phosphorylation sites, and its subcellular localization was in the endoplasmic reticulum. Secondary structure analysis showed that the percentage of alpha-helix and beta-strand was 26.7% and 20% respectively. The results of fluorescence quantitative PCR showed that Bmelo424 gene was expressed in all tissues of silkworm, especially with the highest expression in head. By heterologous expression of Bmelo424 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the effect of Bmelo424 gene on fatty acid elongation was studied. GC-MS results indicated that the fatty acid content of C16:1n-7 in S. cerevisiae with pYES2-Bmelo424 recombinant plasmid increased significantly, whereas the content of C16:0, C18:0 and C18:1n-9 decreased. The results of temperature stress revealed that Bmelo424 gene could improve the low temperature adaptability of S. cerevisiae, but its high temperature adaptability decreased. This provides a reference for exploring the function of Bmelo424 gene in silkworm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Acetyltransferases , Amino Acid Sequence , Bombyx , Cloning, Molecular , Fatty Acids , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 234-238, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698014

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effects of 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) on proliferation of human breast cancer cell line Hs578T,and the methylation status of PRDM10 gene in vitro in this cell line.Methods The human breast cancer cell line Hs578T was cultured with 1,3 and 5 μmol/L DNA methylation inhibitor 5-Aza-CdR respectively, and untreated cells were used as control.Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay.Methylation-Specific PCR(MSP)was used to detect the methylation status of PRDM10 gene. The mRNA and protein expression levels of PRDM10 gene were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot assay. Results MTT results showed that the higher the concentration of 5-Aza-CdR,and the longer the treatment time,the more significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of Hs578T cells.Compared with the control group(0 μmol/L),the proliferation of Hs578T was significantly inhibited after the treatment for 72 h in the 1 μmol/L group, and for 48 h in the 3 μmol/L and 5 μmol/L groups (P<0.05). MSP results showed that the higher the concentration of 5-Aza-CdR,the more significant demethylation of PRDM10.Results of RT-PCR and Western blot showed that the higher the concentration of 5-Aza-CdR, the higher the expression levels of mRNA and protein in PRDM10 (P<0.05).Conclusion 5-Aza-CdR could inhibit the cell proliferation of Hs578T,which might be related to the demethylation of PRDM10 gene in the cells.

10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 291-294, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To grasp the present situation of occupational hazards of coal dust in our country, understand our country coal dust workers' occupational health risks, provide information based on evidence and analysis for the government and organize to effectively deal with the current status of high coal workers pneumoconiosis incidence in China, and protect coal dust workers' occupational health. @*Methods@#The research object is the " mining-transportation-use" of coal industrial chain, referring to 33 units. Use field investigation to obtain the coal dust exposure, dust prevention measures and the occupational health data of study object. Use quantitative evaluation method of International council on mining and metals occupational health risk assessment model (ICMM method) and occupational hazard risk index method (index method) , with coal workers pneumoconiosis as health outcomes, to evaluate the coal dust occupational health risks of coal industrial chain. @*Results@#The free silica content of partial coal dust in China is more than 10%, and even to 19.5%. coal dust concentration in workplaces, such as excavating system of dust coal mining (total dust: 22.1~46.5 mg/m3, respiratory dust: 8.4~17.7 mg/m3) , dumper (total dust: 25.2 mg/m3, respiratory dust: 6.9 mg/m3) , transfer tower (total dust: 35.4 mg/m3) of coal transportation and belt coal plough device of coal use (total dust: 36.3 mg/m3, respiratory dust: 14.0 mg/m3) , are much higher than those in other workplaces, and coal dust concentration of workers in these places (2.6~9.3 mg/m3) are much higher than those in other places, which are statistically significant. ICMM method evaluation results show that the risk value of excavating system is between 504~1 089, and the risk value of comprehensive mining system is between 347~2 040, which are far statistically significant higher than that of other systems. Index method evaluation results (excavating system risk value between 3.1~9.7, fully mechanized system risk value between 3.7~9.3) , are basically identical with ICMM method (correlation coefficient r=0.857, P<0.01) . The new cases of coal worker pneumoconiosis are distributed in three post of coal mining, excavating and coal mine mixing. @*Conclusion@#Coal-dust hazards are widely distributed in the coal "mining, transportation, and use" industrial chain, which of the underground coal mine is as serious as intolerable, meanwhile the risk of other industrial chain is basically can tolerable. The high coal dust concentration and the high risk of coal dust occupational hazard are concentrated in the excavating system and the comprehensive mining system. It is recommended to start the study on risk assessment and risk response of coal dust health hazard at the national level, and the occupational exposure limit of coal dust should be established according to the content of free silica.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 537-539, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709559

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the duration of indwelling ureteral stent after the ureteroscopic lithotripsy.Methods 300 cases of patients were retrospectively analyzed from June 2015 to June 2017,including 168 with renal calculi and 132 with non-incarcerated upper ureteral calculi.The size of stone is <2 cm in diameter.According to the length of time for indwelling ureteral stent,all patients were divided into two groups-150 cases in 14-day group (Group A) and 150 in the 28-day group (Group B) for comparing the complication and outcome,and then received modular flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy combined with holmium laser.Lastly,6F ureteral stent was indwelling postoperatively.Results Complications happened in both two groups after stenting.There were 140 cases (93.3%) complained of bladder irritation symptoms (LUTS) in Group A,while 107 (71.3%) in Group B;85 cases (56.7%) suffered from flank or abdominal pain in Group A and 36 (24%) in Group B;gross hematuria happened in 133 cases (88.7%) of Group A and 60 cases (40%) of Group B.As the duration of indwelling ureteral stent extended,the incidence of complications increased,significantly (P < 0.05).CT scan showed there was no statistical difference in stone-free rate (diameter < 3 mm) of two groups [A group:91.3 % (137/150) vs.B group:89.3 % (134/150),respectively].Conclusion With high stone-free rate and low complication incidence,2-week indwelling ureteral stent is safe for patients suffered from renal calculi or non-incarcerated upper ureteral calculi (diameter < 2 cm).

12.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 5554-5560, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851511

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles and study its in vitro release behavior, mitochondrial targeting and pro-apoptosis of A549 lung cancer cells. Methods The taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles were prepared by membrane hydration method. Based on the drug loading, encapsulation efficiency and particle size, the preparation parameters of taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles were optimized. The preferred nano-drug delivery system was then characterized. The drug delivery system was evaluated by in vitro drug release, mitochondrial targeting, lung cancer cell toxicity, and apoptosis assay. Results The diameter of taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles was (18.7 ± 0.8) nm, Zeta potential was (13.4 ± 0.5) mV, and the results of TEM electron microscopy showed that the taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles were regular spheres of uniform size. Mitochondrial targeting experiments showed that TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles can promote drug accumulation in mitochondrial sites. Lung cancer cytotoxicity assay showed that taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles had good anti-apoptotic effect, and Hoechst staining suggested that a large number of morphological changes were observated in apoptotic lung cancer cells. Taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles could significantly increase the pro- apoptotic Caspase-3 activity and reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and c-IAP1. They were all significantly superior to that of taxol-PEG-PE nanomicelles and taxol group (P < 0.01). Conclusion The taxol TPP-PEG-PE nanomicelles had good mitochondrial targeting of lung cancer cells and promoted the apoptosis of lung cancer cells. It was a potential and efficient drug delivery system for lung cancer cell mitochondria.

13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2896-2899, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661280

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of a new optic puncture needle designed by our department for renal calculi treatment. Methods There were 8 patients undergoing micro-PCNL with the new device from June 2016 to February 2017. Values of basic demographic data ,operation time ,pain score ,drop in hemoglobin and complications were recorded. Results The mean stone size,operation time,pain score,drop in hemoglobin,and in-hospital time was(21.9 ± 7.3)mm,(43.6 ± 13.6)min,2.8 ± 1.3,7.0 g/L[(133.2 ± 10.3 g/L vs.(123.2 ± 13.9)g/L,P>0.05]and(3.1 ± 1.0)d,respectively. No patient required blood transfusion. Stone-free rate at 1 and 3 months post-operation were 87.5%(7/8)and 100%(8/8),respectively. One suffered urinary tract infections( ClavienⅠ)and was treated with antibiotics. There were no major complications. Conclusion The new device for treatment of renal calculi is feasible and effective.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 852-856, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668994

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy(microperc) for treatment of renal calculi with self-made F 4.8 optic puncture needle combined with ureteral access sheath.Methods There were 23 patients undergoing microperc with the self-made device from June 2016 to April 2017,Male,12 cases,female,11 cases.The mean ±SD (range) patient age was (49 ±14) years(28-67 years),stone volume was (1.7 ± 0.6) cm (1.0-3.0 cm) and stone density was (934.5 ± 282.7) HU (357-1 500 HU).The self-made all-seeing system consists of a puncture needle (F4.85) and two 3-way connector allowing the insertion of a flexible microoptic system,laser fiber and attaching to irrigation system.Single tract with one puncture with ultrasound guide was fit to treat the calices containing calculi or calices at one stage operation.The course of puncture could be " all-see" on the display which was connected with flexible microoptic system.After stone fragmentation,the procedure was terminated in tubeless fashion.Ureteral double J stent was inserted in order to prevent postoperative complications.The factors analysed were demographic variables including age,sex,stone volume,stone density [Hounsfield units (HU)] and stone location,and intra-and peri-operative variables such as operating time,drop in haemoglobin level,stone clearance and complications.Results Conversion to PCNL was required in one patient because intraoperative bleeding obscured vision.The mean ± SD (range) operation duration was (46.2 ± 19.9) min (20-120 min),pain score was 2.8 ± 1.2(1-6),hemoglobin decrease was 6.6 g/L,and in hospital time was (2.9 ± 0.8) d (2-5 d),respectively.No patient required blood transfusion.Stone-free rate at 1 and 3 months postoperation was 90.9% (20/22) and 100 % (22/22),respectively.Two who suffered hematuria (Clavien Ⅰ)underwent conservative treatment and recorered well.One suffered urinary tract infections (Clavien Ⅱ) and was treated with antibiotics.There were no major complications.Conclusions Mircoperc with the self-made device and ureteral access sheath in management of renal calculi is feasible and effective.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2896-2899, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658361

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of a new optic puncture needle designed by our department for renal calculi treatment. Methods There were 8 patients undergoing micro-PCNL with the new device from June 2016 to February 2017. Values of basic demographic data ,operation time ,pain score ,drop in hemoglobin and complications were recorded. Results The mean stone size,operation time,pain score,drop in hemoglobin,and in-hospital time was(21.9 ± 7.3)mm,(43.6 ± 13.6)min,2.8 ± 1.3,7.0 g/L[(133.2 ± 10.3 g/L vs.(123.2 ± 13.9)g/L,P>0.05]and(3.1 ± 1.0)d,respectively. No patient required blood transfusion. Stone-free rate at 1 and 3 months post-operation were 87.5%(7/8)and 100%(8/8),respectively. One suffered urinary tract infections( ClavienⅠ)and was treated with antibiotics. There were no major complications. Conclusion The new device for treatment of renal calculi is feasible and effective.

16.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5000-5003, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477275

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Proximal femoral nail anti-rotation has good biomechanical basis, and has obvious advantages for intertrochanteric fracture in aged patients, but there are some problems in the clinic, because of improper handling of material matching and operation details, which can impact therapeutic effects and functional recovery. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the efficacy and issues of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture in patients at more than 60 years old. METHODS:From July 2011 to July 2012, proximal femoral nail anti-rotation was used to treat 56 cases of intertrochanteric fractures. Clinical data bank was established to analyze intraopeative problems and postoperative complications. At 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months postoperatively, outpatient and telephone folow-up were carried out to evaluate therapeutic effects and functional recovery of hip joint. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Four patients died within 1 year. Seven patients lost within a year for other reasons. The remaining 45 patients were folowed with the time from 12 to 24 months, with an average time of 18.2 months. Harris score was (85.00±6.75) points. There were excelent in 26 cases, good in 15 cases, average in 3 cases and poor in 1 case, with an excelent and good rate of 91%. 18 cases were not satisfied with the position of fracture fragments. In 9 cases, proximal femur was not match with the proximal femoral nail anti-rotation. Seven cases were not satisfied because of the location and length of the spiral blade. Seven cases affected lateral cortex fracture. One case experienced postoperative pulmonary embolism. One case suffered from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Nine cases suffered from local sweling. 13 cases experienced hip pain. Five cases affected the healing of fracture extended. Results showed that proximal femoral nail anti-rotation for intertrochanteric fracture in aged patients obtained good outcomes, but we should improve the separation of fracture fragments and reduce intraoperative and postoperative complications.

17.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 71-75, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461620

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effectiveness of introducing Diazepam into combined aesthesia of Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride .Method A total of 80 rabbits of both genders for operation were randomly divided into A , B and C groups .The A group was injected with Sumianxin intramuscularly ( 0.3 mL/kg by weight ) .The B group was injected with Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride intramuscularly ( 0.3 mL/kg by weight ) .The C group was injected with Diazepam intravenously ( 1.5 mL/kg by weight ) combined with Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride injected intramuscularly (0.3 mL/kg by weight).The aesthetic effects, induction time, anesthesia maintaining time, total anaesthetic dose and operation time were observed , recorded and compared .Result The induction time of the C group was significantly shorter than A and B groups (P<0.01).The initial anesthesia maintaining time of the C group was the longest among the three (P<0.01) with least total anaesthetic dose (P<0.01).The operation time of the C group was the least with best aesthetic effects (P<0.01).Conclusion Introducing Diazepam into combined aesthesia of Sumianxin and ketamine hydrochloride can improve the aesthetic effects .Therefore , this is an optional aesthetic method for time-consuming animal operation or sensitive surgical sites of rabbits .

18.
Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology ; (6): 377-380, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460291

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of Ganju Bingmei Pill combined with voice therapy in the treatment of vocal nodules .Methods A total of 72 patients with vocal nodules and 60 health people in our hospital were included .Patients were randomly divided into two groups :Group A (36 cases) with Ganju Bingmei Pill thera‐py ,group B (36 cases) with Ganju Bingmei Pill combined with voice therapy .Taking method of Ganju Bingmei Pill was three times a day ,2 tablets every time ,two weeks as one course of treatment with a total of four courses .Voice therapy in Group B was two weeks for one course with a total of four courses .The results were evaluated by voice handicap index ,voice acoustic analysis and laryngostroboscopy .Vocal nodules disappear or significantly reduce indi‐cated that the treatment was effective .Statistical analysis was performed using t - test and chi - square test .Results In group A ,the scores of T ,F ,P ,E were reduced compared with before treatment (P 0 .05) .The VHI score in group B were significantly lower than those of in group A (P 0 .05) .The F0 of group B after treatment was higher than group A ,jitter and shimmer were lower than group A after treatment (P< 0 .05) . After treatment ,there were 28 cases of group A (77 .78% )of patients with vocal nodules disappear or significantly reduce .There were 35 cases of group B(97 .22% ) of patients with vocal nodules disappear or significantly reduce , the effective rate between group A and group B was statistically significant (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion Ganju Bingmei Pill therapy and Ganju Bingmei Pill therapy combined with voice therapy all have curative effect for the treatment of vocal nodules however ,Ganju Bingmei Pill therapy combined with voice therapy is more efficient .

19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 433-440, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241022

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the overexpression of Sox9 gene on rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells for repairing articular cartilage injury in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were transduced with lentivirus vector containing Sox9 gene and then cartilage specific molecule was detected by RT-PCR in vitro. Total 48 knee joints of 24 mature New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups according to different defect treatment. After animals anesthesia,a full-thickness cylindrical cartilage defect of 4 mm diameter and 3 mm deep was created in the patellar groove using a stainlesssteel punch. Meanwhile, the transfected cells were implanted to repair the rabbit model with full-thickness cartilage defects. Cartilage defects tissue was observed with light microscope, electron microscope, HE and immunohistochemistry staining to assess the repair of defects by the complex at 6 weeks or 12 weeks after the implantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At 3 days after the transfection, Sox9 gene expression was highest and Sox9 gene expression decreased with the increase of time. At 3 days after the transfection, the expression of collagen type II began and reached the peak at 14 days. It showed that the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells went into chondrogenic differentiation after transfected by Sox9 gene. Histological observation showed that at 6 weeks after the operation, the defects in the experimental group was filled with hyaline like cartilage tissue, 12 weeks after operation,the defects of cartilage and subchondral bone had satisfactory healing. Both at 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively, the defects were filled with fibrous tissues in control groups. Meanwhile, immunohistochemical staining of sections with type II collagen antibodies showed the proteins in the regenerated tissue stained positive for type II collagen and stronger than the control groups. The histological scoring system indicated that the cartilage repair of experiment groups were better than the two control groups with statistical significances.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Overexpression of Sox9 gene on rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) promote the repair of cartilage defect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Rabbits , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Cartilage, Articular , Wounds and Injuries , Metabolism , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Metabolism , Lentivirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Osteoarthritis , Genetics , Metabolism , Therapeutics , SOX9 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Tissue Engineering
20.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 425-426, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749369

ABSTRACT

Tsutsugamushi disease is an acute infectious rickettsial disease caused by the intracellular parasite Orientia tsutsugamushi. Due to its variety of clinical signs, this disease is often misdiagnosed. This article examines a total of 4 patients who visited our clinics with fever and sore throat. 3 of them had body temperature of 39.5 Celsius degrees when admitted. The characteristic black eschar occurred on 4 of them. Lymphadenopathy occurred on 2 of them. Cough occurred on 1 of them. Lab tests showed that 3 of them had Leukocytosis, 1 of them had increased bronchovascular markings, and 3 of them had Weil-Felix test positive. After admission, all patients, who were confirmed of diagnosis of tsutsugamushi disease instead of tonsillitis, received the comprehensive treatment and cured afterwards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnostic Errors , Orientia tsutsugamushi , Pharyngitis , Scrub Typhus , Diagnosis , Tonsillitis , Diagnosis
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