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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 17-23, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006504

ABSTRACT

@#The article titled "The global burden of lung cancer: Current status and future trends" which is recently published in Nature Reviews Cinical Oncology has provided a detailed analysis of the current global status of lung cancer. This article focuses on the global burden of lung cancer, risk factors, related prevention, control measures and treatment progress. Based on the current situation of lung cancer in the world, this paper analyzes the current situation of lung cancer in China, and briefly interprets the key points of prevention as well as control measures in the article.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 657-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989691

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer transformation refers to the malignant transformation of long-term repeated chronic inflammation of the lung. Traditional Chinese Medicine believes that the etiology and pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer transformation always belong to the deficiency of origin and excess of signs. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease causes damage to the qi of the lung, spleen and kidney. Qi is yang, and qi deficiency leads to yang deficiency. Yang deficiency and abnormal warm would result in qi stagnation, phlegm coagulation and blood stasis. It is the key to the transformation of chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer. Kidney yang is the root of yang qi. Deficiency of kidney yang is the initiating factor for the transformation of chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer. Deficiency of lung yang is the fundamental factor for the transformation of chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer. Deficiency of kidney yang and deficiency of spleen yang are the driving factors for the transformation of chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer. Therefore, this article discussed the role of kidney yang in the transformation of chronic obstructive pneumonia cancer from the theory of "Qi Zhu Xu Zhi", in order to broaden the thinking of clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 141-147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the evolution of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndromes of 171 cases of Kawasaki disease (KD) under the intervention of gamma globulin therapy based on factor analysis.Methods:A cross-sectional study. 171 cases of KD children hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology of Guangzhou Women's and Children's Medical Center from July 2019 to December 2020 were collected. All patients were treated with intravenous gamma globulin (2 g/kg) for 1 week. According to the results of the treatment with C-ball, 171 children with C-ball sensitive KD were selected to collect the four diagnostic data, and the representative syndromes of defensive level, qi level, yin level, and nutritive level were observed. Factor analysis was used to analyze the evolution of syndrome in 171 children with KD c-ball sensitivity.Results:The result of factor analysis showed that the KMO statistics of 171 children with c-ball sensitivity before treatment was 0.792, and Bartley test was significant ( P<0.01). 16 common factors were extracted, and 23 syndromes were screened, mainly including defensive level disorder, qi level disorder,nutritive level disorder,yin level disorder, heat stagnation and blood stasis syndrome. One week after treatment, the statistic of KMO test was 0.787, and Bartley test was significant ( P<0.01). 9 common factors were extracted, and 10 syndromes were screened, mainly including qi deficiency syndrome, yin deficiency syndrome and blood stasis syndrome. Conclusion:Before treatment, the TCM syndromes in KD C-cell sensitive children are mainly nutritive level disorder, defensive level disorder, qi level disorder yin level disorder, and heat stagnation and blood stasis syndrome; after treatment, the main TCM syndromes are mainly qi deficiency syndrome, yin deficiency syndrome and blood stasis syndrome.

4.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989034

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pneumoniae(SP)is one of the common pathogens of respiratory tract infection in children, which can evolve into severe pneumonia and necrotizing pneumonia in case of severe infection.β-lactam antibiotics are the first-line treatment for SP.The resistance mechanism of SP to β-lactam antibiotics is mainly PBPs gene mutation, followed by mutations related to non-PBPs genes such as MurM, CpoA, TEM, CiaH/CiaR-TCSS and StkP-PhpP signal conjugations.Antibiotic selection pressure and vaccine-induced serotype substitution may influence SP resistance.Serotypes 19F and 19A have high resistance to β-lactam antibiotics, and promotion of PCV13 may be more beneficial than other SP vaccines in preventing SP infection in children.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 700-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987121

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in kidney transplant recipients and analyze the risk and protective factors of severe/critical infection with SARS-CoV-2. Methods Clinical data of 468 kidney transplant recipients infected with SARS-CoV-2 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the severity of infection, they were divided into mild SARS-CoV-2 infection recipients (n=439) and SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group (n=29). Among the 439 mild SARS-CoV-2 infection recipients, 87 recipients who were randomly matched with their counterparts in the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group according to sex, age and transplantation time at a ratio of 3∶1 were allocated into the mild SARS-CoV-2 infection group. Twenty-nine recipients in the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group were divided into the moderate SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group (n=21) and severe/critical SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group (n=8). Baseline data of all recipients were collected. The risk and protective factors of SARS-CoV-2 infection in kidney transplant recipients were identified. Results The proportion of recipients complicated with 2-3 types of complications in the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group was higher than that in the mild SARS-CoV-2 infection group, and the proportion of recipients treated with tacrolimus(Tac)+mizoribine+glucocorticoid immunosuppression regimen in the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group was lower than that in the mild SARS-CoV-2 infection group, and significant differences were observed (both P<0.05). In 29 kidney transplant recipients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in the SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group, white blood cells, the absolute values of lymphocytes, eosinophils, total T cells, CD4+T cells and CD8+T cells, and serum uric acid levels were significantly lower, whereas ferritin levels were significantly higher than the values prior to SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia, and significant differences were observed (all P<0.05). Compared with the moderate SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group, the proportion of recipients with hypoxemia was higher, the proportion of recipients treated with Tac/ciclosporin (CsA)+mycophenolate mofetil+glucocorticoid immunosuppression regimen was higher, and the proportion of recipients administered with 2-3 doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine was lower in the severe/critical SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia group, and significant differences were observed (all P<0.05). Conclusions More complications and immunosuppression regimen containing mycophenolate mofetil are the risk factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection in kidney transplant recipients. Vaccination with SARS-CoV-2 vaccine and immunosuppression regimen containing mizoribine are probably the protective factors for lowering the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The levels of inflammatory cytokines are associated with the severity of SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia.

6.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 32-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986775

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the causes of death and years of life lost among patients with severe mental disorders in Jining city, in order to provide references for improving the management level of the patients. MethodsA total of 3 638 patients with severe mental disorders who were recorded in the National Information System for Severe Mental Disorders in Jining and died between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2020 were included in the study. The general information and the status of mortality were extracted via checking management files. Thereafter, the causes of death of patients with different characteristics were discussed, and the years of life lost due to severe mental disorders was analyzed through calculating potential years of life lost (PYLL), average years of life lost (AYLL) and potential years of life lost rate (PYLLR). ResultsThe majority of patients who died from severe mental disorders were those with schizophrenia, accounting for 77.68% (2 826/3 638). The most common cause of death among patients with severe mental disorders was physical illness with 1 869 cases (51.37%). Among the selected subjects, patients with mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders had the youngest age of disease onset [(22.49±20.14) years], the youngest age at death [(51.72±18.32) years] and the longest duration of disease [(29.26±19.35) years]. The PYLL, AYLL and PYLLR of patients with severe mental disorders in Jining were 68 941.06 person-years, 18.95 years and 382.36‰, respectively. The mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders had the highest AYLL at 27.21 years, and epilepsy-induced mental disorder had the highest PYLLR at 892.73‰. ConclusionComorbid physical illness is the main causes of death in patients with severe mental disorders in Jining city, and epilepsy-induced mental disorder have occupied the first place in terms of the years of life lost.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 462-467, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986095

ABSTRACT

To give full play to the important role of courses for ideological and political education in moral cultivation, teaching group in the course of oral histology and pathology in Zhejiang University systematically studied the teaching model of which ideological and political education integrated into the course of oral histology and pathology, and put forward a quality evaluation index system of the course. This paper emphatically introduces the general framework of the course, as well as the experience and practices in the aspects of resource mining, teaching design, curriculum evaluation, etc. The quality of the course was evaluated by using the system, which showed that the grade of the course was AAA (excellent) and 95.5% (275/288) students agreed to integrate ideological and political content into the course. The teaching group believes that the integration of the ideological and political content in the course reflects the complementary effect of "teaching" and "educating", and the ideological and political quality as well as the professional level of the teachers are the primary factor to determine the quality of the course. This paper aims at providing a reliable reference for promoting the construction of courses for ideological and political education in the area of oral medical education.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1114-1118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985641

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the infection status and epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis C in people aged 1-69 years in Henan Province in 2020. Methods: The estimated sample size was 5 827. From August to December 2020, multistage sampling was used to select 8 counties (districts) in Henan, and two survey sites were selected in each county (district), and a questionnaire survey was conducted in local people aged 1-69 years, blood samples were collected from them for anti-HCV, HCV RNA and genotype detections. Results: A total of 5 165 people aged 1-69 years completed the questionnaire survey. Men accounted for 44.76% (2 312/5 165), women accounted for 55.24% (2 853/5 165). In the people aged 1-69 years, the overall prevalence rates of anti-HCV and HCV RNA were 0.69% (95%CI: 0.68%-0.70%) and 0.20% (95%CI: 0.19%-0.21%) respectively. The prevalence rates of anti-HCV and HCV RNA were 0.48% (95%CI: 0.46%-0.50%), 0.09% (95%CI: 0.08%-0.10%) in men and 0.86% (95%CI: 0.85%-0.87%), 0.30% (95%CI: 0.28%-0.32%) in women. The prevalence rates of anti-HCV and HCV RNA increased with age. The prevalence rates of anti-HCV and HCV RNA were 0.87% (95%CI: 0.86%-0.88%), 0.28% (95%CI: 0.26%-0.30%) in urban residents and 0.53% (95%CI: 0.51%-0.55%), 0.14% (95%CI: 0.13%-0.15%) in rural residents. The genotyping results of 10 HCV RNA positive samples ware genotype 1b (4/10), genotype 2 (3/10), genotype 1b/3 (1/10), genotype 1b/3/6 (1/10) and genotype 2/6 (1/10). Conclusions: The prevalence of hepatitis C was low in Henan in 2020. It is necessary to strengthen hepatitis C surveillance in people aged 40 years and above. The major HCV genotypes were 1b and 2, and mixed genotype infection existed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Coinfection , Genotype , Hepacivirus/genetics , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Hepatitis C Antibodies/genetics , Prevalence , RNA, Viral/genetics , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1105-1114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985475

ABSTRACT

Excessive sodium/salt intake is the leading dietary risk factor for the loss of healthy life in the Chinese population. The "Healthy China 2030" Action Plan set the goal of reducing salt intake by 20% by 2030. However, salt intake in China is still at a very high level in the world, with adults reaching 11 g/d, more than twice the recommended limit of 5 g/d. The current policies and action plans of China have targeted catering workers, children, adolescents, and home chefs in salt, oil, and sugar reduction actions. However, there are still obvious deficiencies in the coordinated promotion and implementation. This study, therefore, proposed a set of comprehensive strategies (named CHRPS that is composed of communication and education, salt reduction in home cooking, salt reduction in restaurants, reducing salt content in pre-packaged food, and surveillance and evaluation) and key implementation points for further deepening the salt reduction action in China. These strategies were developed based on the main sources of dietary sodium for Chinese residents, the status of "knowledge, attitude and practice" in salt reduction, evidence of effective intervention measures, existing policies and requirements, and the salt reduction strategies of the World Health Organization and experience from some other countries. As a scientific reference, the CHRPS strategies will help the government and relevant organizations quickly implement salt reduction work and facilitate the earlier realization of China's salt reduction goal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Adolescent , Humans , Sodium Chloride, Dietary , Sodium, Dietary , Diet , Food , China
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 149-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953772

ABSTRACT

@#MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of short, highly conserved, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression by specific binding to the messenger RNAs (mRNAs). At present, the researches on miRNAs have caused immense global concern, and expression of miR-139-5p plays a significant role in tumorigenesis, metastasis and recurrence, through regulating proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancer cells in lung cancer, esophageal cancer, breast cancer, tongue squamous cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, etc. MiR-139-5p has a positive impact on the prognosis of cancer, and it can combine with some chemotherapeutic drugs to reverse resistance and enhance the sensitivity of radiotherapy. It also works in the cells and tissues of other diseases, including nerve cells, and inflammation. This article reviewed the progress of miR-139-5p.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 59-65, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971180

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy has shown remarkable success in treating hematological malignancies. However, CAR-T therapy for solid tumors is still limited due to the unique solid-tumor microenvironment and heterogeneous target antigen expression, which leads to an urgent need of combining other therapies. At present, nano delivery system has become one of the most promising directions for the development of anti-tumor drugs. Based on the background of CAR-T and tumor treatment, we focus on the research progress of nanomedicine combined with CAR-T therapy, and systematically review the strategies and examples in recent years in the aspects of in vivo delivery of mRNA, regulation of tumor microenvironment, combination with photothermal therapy. And we also look forward to the future direction of this filed.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Pharmaceutical Preparations/metabolism , Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Neoplasms/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Microenvironment , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 65-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970953

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the differences to determine resting energy expenditure (REE) measured with indirect calorimetry and REE predicted by formula method and body composition analyzer in patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis, so as to provide theoretical guidance for the implementation of precision nutrition intervention. Methods: Patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis who were admitted to Henan Provincial People's Hospital from April 2020 to December 2020 were collected. REE was determined by the body composition analyzer and the H-B formula method. Results: were analyzed and compared to REE measured by the metabolic cart. Results A total of 57 cases with liver cirrhosis were included in this study. Among them, 42 were male, aged (47.93 ± 8.62) years, and 15 were female aged (57.20 ± 11.34) years. REE measured value in males was (1 808.14 ± 201.47) kcal/d, compared with the results calculated by the H-B formula method and the measured result of body composition, and the difference was statistically significant (P = 0.002 and 0.003, respectively). REE measured value in females was (1 496.60 ± 131.28) kcal/d, compared with the results calculated by the H-B formula method and the measured result of body composition, and the difference was statistically significant (P = 0.016 and 0.004, respectively). REE measured with the metabolic cart had correlation with age and area of visceral fat in men (P = 0.021) and women (P = 0.037). Conclusion: Metabolic cart use will be more accurate to obtain resting energy expenditure in patients with decompensated hepatitis B cirrhosis. Body composition analyzer and formula method may underestimate REE predictions. Simultaneously, it is suggested that the effect of age on REE in H-B formula should be fully considered for male patients, while the area of visceral fat may have a certain impact on the interpretation of REE in female patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Energy Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Calorimetry, Indirect/methods , Hospitalization
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 135-140, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) combined with electroacupuncture (EA) on rehabilitation after abdominal surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 320 patients undergoing abdominal surgery were randomly divided into a combination group (80 cases), a TEAS group (80 cases, 1 case discontinued), an EA group (80 cases, 1 case discontinued) and a control group (80 cases, 1 case discontinued). The patients in the control group received enhance recovery after surgery (ERAS) standardized perioperative management. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, the TEAS group was treated with TEAS at Liangmen (ST 21) and Daheng (SP 15); the EA group was treated with EA at Neiguan (PC 6), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39); the combination group was treated with TEAS combined with EA, with continuous wave, 2-5 Hz in frequency, and the intensity was tolerable to the patients, 30 min each time, once a day, from the first day after surgery, until the anus resumed spontaneous defecation and the oral intake of solid food was tolerated. The gastrointestinal-2 (GI-2) time, first exhaust time, first defecation time, first tolerance of oral intake of solid food time, time of first get out of bed and hospital stay were observed in all the groups; the pain visual analogue scale (VAS) score and incidence rates of nausea and vomiting 1, 2, 3 days after surgery were compared in all the groups; after treatment, the acceptability of each treatment was evaluated by patients in each group.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the GI-2 time, first exhaust time, first defecation time, first tolerance of oral intake of solid food time were shortened (P<0.05), the VAS scores 2, 3 days after surgery were decreased (P<0.05) in the combination group, the TEAS group and the EA group; those in the combination group were shorter and lower than the TEAS group and the EA group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the time of hospital stay in the combination group, the TEAS group and the EA group were shortened (P<0.05), and that in the combination group was shorter than the TEAS group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TEAS combined with EA can accelerate the recovery of gastrointestinal function in patients after abdominal surgery, relieve postoperative pain, and shorten hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Acupuncture Points , Gastrointestinal Tract , Pain, Postoperative
14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 220-230, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982586

ABSTRACT

Advances in novel drugs, therapies, and genetic techniques have revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of cancers, substantially improving cancer patients' prognosis. Although rare tumors account for a non-negligible number, the practice of precision medicine and development of novel therapies are largely hampered by many obstacles. Their low incidence and drastic regional disparities result in the difficulty of informative evidence-based diagnosis and subtyping. Sample exhaustion due to difficulty in diagnosis also leads to a lack of recommended therapeutic strategies in clinical guidelines, insufficient biomarkers for prognosis/efficacy, and inability to identify potential novel therapies in clinical trials. Herein, by reviewing the epidemiological data of Chinese solid tumors and publications defining rare tumors in other areas, we proposed a definition of rare tumor in China, including 515 tumor types with incidences of less than 2.5/100 000 per year. We also summarized the current diagnosis process, treatment recommendations, and global developmental progress of targeted drugs and immunotherapy agents on the status quo. Lastly, we pinpointed the current recommendation chance for patients with rare tumors to be involved in a clinical trial by NCCN. With this informative report, we aimed to raise awareness on the importance of rare tumor investigations and guarantee a bright future for rare tumor patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers , Prognosis , Oceans and Seas , China/epidemiology
15.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 463-469, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982515

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the chemical constituents from the leaves of Jatropha curcas and evaluate their inhibition on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV-2 microglia cells.@*METHODS@#The n-BuOH extract of the leaves of J. curcas was isolated by macroporous adsorption resin, silica gel, ODS, column chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of the compounds were identified by MS, NMR, ECD, and other spectroscopic methods. In addition, anti-neuroinflammatory effects of isolated compounds were evaluated by measuring the production of nitric oxide (NO) in over-activated BV-2 cells.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen compounds, including (7R,8S)-crataegifin A-4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( 1), (8R,8'R)-arctigenin ( 2), arctigenin-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( 3), (-)-syringaresinol ( 4), syringaresinol-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( 5), (-)-pinoresinol ( 6), pinoresinol-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( 7), buddlenol D ( 8), (2R,3R)-dihydroquercetin ( 9), (2S,3S)-epicatechin ( 10), (2R,3S)-catechin ( 11), isovitexin ( 12), naringenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( 13), chamaejasmin ( 14), neochamaejasmin B ( 15), isoneochamaejasmin A ( 16), and tomentin-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside ( 17) were isolated and identified. Compounds 2, 4 and 8 significantly inhibited the release of NO in BV-2 microglia activated by LPS, with IC50 values of 18.34, 29.33 and 26.30 μmol/L, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound 1 is a novel compound, and compounds 2, 3, 8, 14- 17 are isolated from Jatropha genus for the first time. In addition, the lignans significantly inhibited NO release and the inhibitory activity was decreased after glycosylation.

16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 686-691, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of electromyography on the clinical manifestations and prognosis after posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF) of degenerative lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases, including 29 males and 39 females, aged 21 to 84 years old, who underwent electromyogram (EMG) from January 2018 to October 2019. The patients were divided into negative and positive groups according to whether theresults of EMG was normal or abnormal, PLIF surgery was performed in both groups. The preoperative duration of illness, postoperative recovery time, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) of low back and lower limb, the Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were follow-up from 26 to 39 months. The subjective symptoms, clinical signs, daily activities and JOA total scores after operation in two groups were significantly higher than those before preoperation(P<0.05);the clinical signs score and total JOA score in the negative group at 3 months after operation were higher than those in the positive group(P<0.05). The VAS score of leg pain in the negative group after 1 and 3 months was less than that in the positive group(P<0.05). Patients 's illness time, postoperative recovery time, hospitalization time and implantation time in the negative group were shorter than those in the positive group(P<0.05). At other time points, there was no significant difference in low pain VAS, leg pain VAS, JOA scores in the two groups(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time and intraoperative bleeding volume between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with normal electromyography had shorter disease duration than ones with abnormal electromyography in lumbar degenerative disease;after PLIF, patients with normal electromyography recovered faster than ones with abnormal electromyography, but the results of electromyography had no effect on the final prognosis of PLIF surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Pain
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 436-439, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of modified alternate negative pressure drainage on postoperative outcomes after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective study involving 84 patients who underwent PLIF surgery between January 2019 and June 2020. Of these patients, 22 had single-segment surgery and 62 had two-segment surgery. Patients were grouped by surgical segment and admission sequence:the observation group included patients with a single-segment surgery, and the control group included patients with a two-segment surgery. Natural pressure drainage was given to 42 patients in the observation group (modified alternate negative pressure drainage group) after surgery, which was then changed to negative pressure drainage after 24 hours. In the control group, 42 patients were given negative pressure drainage after surgery, which was then changed to natural pressure drainage after 24 hours. The total drainage volume, drainage time, maximum body temperature at 24 hours and 1 week after surgery, and drainage-related complications were observed and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups. The postoperative total drainage volume was significantly lower in the observation group (456.69±124.50) ml than in control group (572.36±117.75) ml, and the drainage time was significantly shorter in the observation group (4.95±1.31) days than in the control group (4.00±1.17) days. Maximum body temperature at 24 hours after surgery was similar in both groups (37.09±0.31)°C in the observation group and (37.03±0.33)°C in the control group, while on the 1st week after surgery, it was slightly higher in the observation group (37.05±0.32)°C than in the control group (36.94±0.33)°C, but the difference was not significant. There were no significant differences in drainage-related complications, with one case(2.38%) of superficial wound infection in the observation group and two cases(4.76%) in control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Modified alternate negative pressure drainage after posterior lumbar fusion can reduce the drainage volume and shorten the drainage time without increasing the risk of drainage-related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Drainage , Treatment Outcome
18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1025-1029, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impact and interaction of Toll like receptor 2 (TLR2) and interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF-5) gene polymorphisms on the susceptibility to neonatal sepsis.Methods:A total of 78 cases of neonatal septicemia patients admitted to Baoding Children′s Hospital from July 2018 to August 2021 were prospectively selected as the study group, and 78 cases of healthy newborns in the same period were selected as the control group. The TLR2 and IRF-5 gene polymorphisms and the levels of inflammatory markers [C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)] in different genotypes of infants were compared between the two groups. We evaluated the relationship between TLR2 and IRF-5 genotypes, inflammatory markers, and susceptibility to neonatal sepsis, and analyzed the interaction between their gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to neonatal sepsis.Results:There were significant differences in the distribution of TLR2 (rs3804099) and IRF-5 (rs2004640) loci genotype and Allele frequency between the two groups (all P<0.05); The serum CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels in children with TLR2 (rs3804099) genotype TT genotype [(111.12±30.87)mg/L, (77.50±20.02)pg/ml, (40.27±11.31)pg/ml] were higher than those in children with CC/CT genotype [(72.46±24.51)mg/L, (54.18±17.65)pg/ml, (28.34±9.05)pg/ml], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The serum CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels [(113.90±28.94)mg/L, TNF-α (79.84±19.82)pg/ml, IL-6 (41.05±11.49)pg/ml] in children with the IRF-5 (rs2004640) TT genotype were higher than those in children with the GG/GT genotype [(70.88±22.16)mg/L, (52.27±16.73)pg/ml, (27.96±9.75)pg/ml], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The TT genotypes at TLR2 (rs3804099) and IRF-5 (rs2004640) loci were positively correlated with serum CRP, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels (all P<0.05); The TT genotypes at TLR2 (rs3804099) and IRF-5 (rs2004640) loci were independent risk factors for susceptibility to neonatal sepsis (all P<0.05); The TT genotype at the TLR2 (rs3804099) locus and the TT genotype at the IRF-5 (rs2004640) locus exhibited a positive interaction in susceptibility to neonatal sepsis ( OR=7.467, γ=1.728). Conclusions:TLR2 (rs3804099) TT genotype and IRF-5 (rs2004640) TT genotype significantly increase the susceptibility to neonatal sepsis, and there is a positive interaction between the two.

19.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 56-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of attentional bias to emotional faces of depressed college students with alexithymia.Methods:Using self-rating depression scale (SDS) and the twenty-item Toronto alexithymia scale(TAS-20), 25 low alexithymic-currently depressed undergraduates (LA-CD group), 33 low alexithymic-non depressed undergraduates(LA-ND group) and 23 high alexithymic-currently depressed undergraduates(HA-CD group) were selected from 885 valid questionnaires.Using eye tracking system, emotional face pictures were selected as stimulus materials, and the relative gaze time(attention bias score) of experimental participants was analyzed by statistical methods such as covariance analysis and adjustment analysis to explore the attentional bias of depressed college students with alexithymia.Results:(1) Under the low level of alexithymia, there was significant difference in attentional bias between college students in depression group (-0.23±0.18) and non-depressed group (0.06±0.11) ( F=55.876, P<0.01). (2) There were significant differences in relative attention bias among LA-CD group (-0.234±0.150), HA-CD group(-0.070±0.153) and LA-ND group (0.064±0.149) ( F(2, 78)=27.685, P<0.01). According to Bonferroni test, compared to the LA-CD group, the HA-CD group and LA-ND group showed less negative attentional bias.(3) The interaction between total SDS score and total TAS-20 score showed significant difference.Alexithymia played a regulatory role between total SDS score and attentional bias( β=0.333, t=3.345, P<0.01). Conclusion:Both the depressed college students with high alexithymia and the non-depressed college students with low alexithymia show less negative attentional bias.Alexithymia plays a regulatory role between depression and attentional bias.

20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 108-113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971281

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To predict the learning curve of tooth preparation for all ceramic crowns of maxillary central incisors on phantom head simulators for graduate students participating in standardized dental resident training based on the modified Wright learning curve model, then to analyze and applicate the learning curve.@*METHODS@#Twelve graduate students participating in standardized dental resident training were selected to prepare the resin maxillary central incisors on phantom head simulators for all ceramic crowns 4 times. The results of preparation were evaluated by 3 prosthetic experts with at least 10 years' experience focusing on the reduction, contour, taper, shoulder, finish line, margin placement, adjacent tooth injury, and preparation time for tooth preparation. The learning rate of tooth preparation was calculated by scores of tooth preparation of 4 times. The learning curve of tooth preparation was predicted based on the modified Wright learning curve model. According to the criteria of standardized training skill examinations for dental residents in Beijing, 80 was taken as the qualified standard score. The minimum training times for tooth preparation to satisfy the qualified standard score (80) was calculated, to analyze the characteristics of learning curve and evaluate the effectiveness of tooth preparation.@*RESULTS@#The scores of 4 tooth preparation were 64.03±7.80, 71.40±6.13, 74.33±5.96, and 75.98±4.52, respectively. The learning rate was (106±4)%, which showed the learning curve an upward trend. There were no significant differences between the qualified standard score and the predicted scores of tooth preparation from the 5th preparation to the 13th preparation (P > 0.05). The predicted score of the 14th preparation was higher than the qualified standard score (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The trend of the learning curve of tooth preparation for all ceramic crowns of maxillary central incisors on phantom head simulators for graduate students participating in standardized dental resident training is upward, which predicts the minimum training times higher than the qualified standard score is 14 times.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Preparation, Prosthodontic/methods , Incisor , Learning Curve , Crowns , Tooth Preparation , Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Dental Prosthesis Design
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