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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 70-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862778

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of multi-disciplinary team (MDT) on acute heart failure (AHF) complicated with respiratory failure after allograft nephrectomy. Methods MDT discussion was performed on a patient with hemorrhagic shock caused by sudden renal graft hemorrhage, who developed acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with AHF, acute pulmonary congestion, pulmonary infection and acute respiratory failure 2 weeks after allograft nephrectomy. And treatment plan was formulated and effect evaluation was conducted. Results Based on the opinions of MDT discussion, the patient was given nasal high-flow oxygen therapy, continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) to reduce cardiac load, anticoagulant, dilating blood vessels, reducing myocardial oxygen consumption, improving myocardial remodeling, lipid regulation, anti-infection, nutritional support, and other comprehensive treatment. The clinical outcome of the patient was good and regular hemodialysis treatment was resumed. Conclusions Application of MDT pattern helps to formulate a comprehensive and effective individualized treatment plan for patients with AHF and respiratory failure after allograft nephrectomy, which can enhance clinical treatment effects and improve prognosis of patient.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 663-668, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To e stablish and compare HPLC fingerprints of green Forsythia suspensa and grown F. suspensa ,and to conduct cluster analysis and principle component analysis. METHODS :HPLC method was adopted. The determination was performed on Hypersil C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile- 0.1% formic acid (gradient elution ). The detection wavelength was 235 nm and column temperature was 25 ℃ with the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The sample size was 10 μL. HPLC fingerprints of 8 batches of green F. suspensa (Q1-Q8)and 6 batches of grown F. suspensa (L1-L6)were drawn ,with phillyrin as reference;the similarity evaluation was conducted by using Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatographic Fingerprint (2012 edition),and common peak was confirmed. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis were carried out with SPSS 23.0 software. RESULTS :There were 19 common peaks for green F. suspensa and grown F. suspensa ,among which 6 peaks were identified,i.e. forsythoside A ,rutin,pinoresinol-β-D-glucoside,phillyrin,quercetin and phillygenin ;the similarities of HPLC fingerprints from green F. suspensa and grown F. suspensa were 0.351-0.767;results of cluster analysis showed that green F. suspensa and grown F. suspensa were classified into 4 categories,among which L 1-L6 were clustered into one category ,Q1 was clustered into one category ,Q2-Q6 were clustered into one category ;Q7-Q8 were clustered into one category. The results of principal component analysis showed that the cumulative variance contribution rate of the first three principal components was 83.14%, L1-L6 distribution was close ,Q2-Q6 distribution was close ,Q7-Q8 distribution was close ,and Q 1 distribution was independent , which was consistent with the results of cluster analysis. CONCLUSIONS :There were significant differences in the common peaks of fingerprint of green F. suspensa and grown F. suspensa of similarity eraluation ,cluster analysis and principle component analysis,the established HPLC fingerprint can be used for comprehensive evaluation and quality comparison of green F. suspensa and grown F. suspensa .

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 511-519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873784

ABSTRACT

Osteoprotegerin (OPG), secreted by osteoblasts, is a marker of bone turnover. OPG can inhibit osteoclastic differentiation by binding receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL). In this study, we found that rutaecarpine (RUT) had the up-regulating OPG activity, and it could significantly increase OPG protein levels in both mouse embryonic osteogenic precursor MC3T3-E1 and human osteosarcoma U-2OS cells. Osteoblastogenic differentiation calcified nodules staining results showed that RUT significantly promoted the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Osteoclastic differentiation tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining results showed that RUT obviously inhibited the osteoclast differentiation of mouse macrophages RAW264.7 induced by RANKL. In vivo studies showed that low-dose RUT group (5 mg·kg-1·day-1) and high-dose RUT group (45 mg·kg-1·day-1) treatments for 3 months significantly increased bone density in ovariectomized (OVX) rats; calcein double labeling experiment and toluidine blue staining results indicated that low-dose RUT group promoted bone formation and decreased bone loss in vivo; immunohistochemistry results showed that low-dose RUT group increased the expression of OPG in rat femur. All animal procedures were performed in accordance with the regulations of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Institute of Medicinal Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In summary, this study demonstrated that RUT could up-regulate OPG expression and had promoting osteoblastic differentiation and inhibiting osteoclastic differentiation effects in vitro and in vivo.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873699

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the effectiveness of the artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment system in distinguishing benign and malignant lung nodules and the infiltration degree. Methods    Clinical data of 87 patients with pulmonary nodules admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2019 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 33 males aged 55.1±10.4 years, and 54 females aged 54.5±14.1 years. A total of 90 nodules were included, which were divided into a malignant tumor group (n=80) and a benign lesion group (n=10), and the malignant tumor group was subdivided into an invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=60) and a non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (n=20). The malignant probability and doubling time of each group were compared and its ability to predict the benign and malignant nodules and the invasion degree was analyzed. Results    Between the malignant tumor group and the benign lesion group, the malignant probability was significantly different, and the malignant probability could better distinguish malignant nodules and benign lesions (87.2%±9.1% vs. 28.8%±29.0%, P=0.000). The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.949. The maximum diameter of nodules in the benign lesion group was significantly longer than that in the malignant tumor group (1.270±0.481 cm vs. 0.990±0.361 cm, P=0.026); the doubling time of benign lesions was significantly longer than that of malignant nodules (1 083.600±258.180 d vs. 527.025±173.176 d, P=0.000), and the AUC was 0.975. The maximum diameter of the nodule in the invasive adenocarcinoma group was longer than that of the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (1.350±0.355 cm vs. 0.863±0.271 cm, P=0.000), and there was no statistical difference in the probability of malignancy between the invasive adenocarcinoma group and the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (89.7%±5.7% vs. 86.4%±9.9%, P=0.082). The AUC was 0.630. The doubling time of the invasive adenocarcinoma group was significantly shorter than that of the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group (392.200±138.050 d vs. 571.967±160.633 d, P=0.000), and the AUC was 0.829. Conclusion    The malignant probability and doubling time of lung nodules calculated by the artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis and treatment system can be used in the assessment of the preoperative benign and malignant lung nodules and the infiltration degree.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2813-2824, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887844

ABSTRACT

Squalene is widely used in pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, cosmetics and other fields because of its strong antioxidative, antibacterial and anti-tumor activities. In order to produce squalene, a gene ispA encoding farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase was overexpressed in a previously engineered Escherichia coli strain capable of efficiently producing terpenoids, resulting in a chassis strain that efficiently synthesizes triterpenoids. Through phylogenetic analysis, screening, cloning and expression of squalene synthase derived from different prokaryotes, engineered E. coli strains capable of efficiently producing squalene were obtained. Among them, squalene produced by strains harboring squalene synthase derived from Thermosynechococcus elongatus and Synechococcus lividus reached (16.5±1.4) mg/g DCW ((167.1±14.3) mg/L broth) and (12.0±1.9) mg/g DCW ((121.8±19.5) mg/L broth), respectively. Compared with the first-generation strains harboring the human-derived squalene synthase, the squalene synthase derived from T. elongatus and S. lividus remarkably increased the squalene production by 3.3 times and 2.4 times, respectively, making progress toward the cost-effective heterologous production of squalene.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli/genetics , Humans , Phylogeny , Squalene , Synechococcus
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1070-1078, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886981

ABSTRACT

Z-VAD-FMK was combined with hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to establish a necroptosis model of H9c2 cells to mimic the pathological changes of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) in vitro and to study the effect and mechanism of tilianin against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. A cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell viability, and commercial kits were used to detect lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the cell culture supernatant. Hoechst 33342/PI immunofluorescence staining was used to detect cell death. DCFH-DA, BBcellProbeTMM61, and JC-1 probes were used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The results show that the cell viability, SOD activity, and MMP of the model group induced by H/R injury decreased, as compared with control group, but the necroptosis rate, LDH level, and ROS release increased significantly. Furthermore, mPTP of the model group cells opened, and TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly higher. Molecular docking modeling showed that tilianin can bind to calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), and Western blot results showed that compared with control group, the expression levels of p-CaMKII and phospho-mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein increased in the model group, and tilianin could decrease the expression level of these proteins. The above results indicate that tilianin can protect H9c2 cells by inhibiting the phosphorylation of CaMKⅡ at threonine 287, protecting mitochondrial function, and inhibiting the opening of mPTP to prevent necroptosis. This study has value for research on new methods to treat H/R injury.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2371-2377, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886919

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the sta bility,in vivo release characteristics and tissue distribution of docetaxel (DTX)- dihydroartemisinin(DHA)conjugated prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles (DTX-S-S-DHA NPs ). METHODS :HPLC method was adopted to analyze DTX-S-S-DHA in vitro . The phycial and long-term stability of DTX-S-S-DHA NPs in mediums [water , saline,phosphate buffer (PBS,pH 7.4)and RPMI 1640 medium] were investigated by using particle size ,polydispersity index (PDI)and encapsulation efficiency (EE)as evaluation indexes. The in vitro release characteristics of DTX-S-S-DHA released from DTX-S-S-DHA NPs was also investigated with small glass method ,using 30% ethanol solution with or without 10 mmol/L dithiothreitol(DTT)as medium. The small live animal imager was adopted to investigate the tissue distribution and tumor targeting capability of DiR-labeled DTX-S-S-DHA NPs (DTX-S-S-DHA/DiR NPs )in breast cancer bearing mice. RESULTS :In stability test,there was no statistical difference in particle size ,PDI and EE of DTX-S-S-DHA NPs incubated in water ,normal saline ,PBS and RPMI 1640 medium for 24 h. When stored at 4 ℃,with the increase of storage time ,the particle size of DTX-S-S-DHA NPs in normal saline gradually increased ,while those in PBS gradually decreased ;EE of both gradually decreased to less than 75%, but there was no significant change in particle size ,PDI and EE of DTX-S-S-DHA NPs in water and RPMI 1640 medium. In the in vitro release experiments ,DTX-S-S-DHA in DTX-S-S-DHA NPs was not released in the release medium containing 10 mmol/L DTT;at 24 h,the cumulative release rate of DTX-S-S-DHA released from DTX-S-S-DHA NPs in release medium without DTT was about 83%,which was in line with first-order kinetic model. In tissue distribution test ,the distribution of DTX-S-S-DHA/DiR NPs in tumor sites of mice was significantly more than in other tissues (heart,liver,spleen,lung and kidney ). CONCLUSIONS : DTX-S-S-DHA NPs show good physical stability in different mediums ,especially have good long-term stability in water and RPMI ; 1640 medium;they can quickly release the parent drug in the reduction environment and has good tumor targeting.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of conversion from immediate-release tacrolimus (Tac) to extended-release Tac on kidney function in stable kidney transplant recipients.Methods:83 stable kidney transplant recipients who were converted from immediate-release Tac to extended-release Tac in the second people's hospital of Shanxi province from December 2011 to June 2019 were followed up for 12-36 months, and 83 stable kidney transplant recipients who continued to take immediate-release Tac were selected as control group.The changes of kidney function indexes, Tac trough concentration intra-patient variability (IPV) and compliance, the incidence of rejection and the survival rate of grafts and recipients were observed after the conversion from immediate-release Tac to extended-release Tac in stable kidney transplant recipients.Results:The conversion time from immediate-release Tac to extended-release Tac was (42.76±30.50)months after transplantation. At 24 months after conversion, the serum creatinine (SCr) was significantly lower than that before conversion ( P=0.013), and the estimated glomerular filtration rate(eGFR)was significantly higher than that before conversion( P=0.005). In the experimental group , the SCr was significantly lower than that of the control group at 36 months after conversion ( P= 0.017), eGFR was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P=0.038). In the experimental group, the score of Immunosuppressant Therapy Barrier Scale (ITBS) was (20.23±2.89) before conversion and (17.63 ±3.08) after conversion ( P= 0.000). The daily dose of Tac was (2.09 ±0.84) mg before conversion and (2.10 ±0.83) mg after conversion. The trough concentration of Tac before conversion was (7.22 ±2.84) ng/mL, which reduced significantly after conversion. No rejection occurred after conversion, and the recipients/grafts survived healthily during the follow-up period. Conclusions:After conversion from immediate-release Tac to extended-release Tac in stable kidney transplant recipients, the kidney function is stable and better than that of before conversion, the compliance is significantly improved, the IPV of Tac trough concentration is significantly reduced, and long-term use of extended-release Tac has good clinical efficacy and safety.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of urinary iodine concentration (UIC) on response to 131I treatment in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with different risk stratifications. Methods:A total of 181 patients with DTC (75 males, 106 females, age: (44.1±12.5) years), who received the first 131I treatment in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital between January 2018 and February 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into low- to intermediate-risk and high-risk groups. The treatment response was categorized into excellent response (ER) and non-excellent response (non-ER). Factors being evaluated including age, sex, preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (ps-Tg), UIC, etc. Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:The UIC and ps-Tg in the low- to intermediate-risk group ( n=113) was 111.60(55.80, 204.65) μg/L and 2.08(0.63, 4.91) μg/L, respectively. Compared with the ER subgroup ( n=86), non-ER subgroup ( n=27) had higher UIC and ps-Tg level ( z values: -2.585, -4.511, both P<0.05). In the high-risk group ( n=68), UIC was 115.40(61.23, 167.28) μg/L and ps-Tg was 16.65(4.52, 43.45) μg/L. Compared with the ER subgroup ( n=20), non-ER subgroup ( n=48) had higher ps-Tg level ( z=-4.677, P<0.01), while the UIC was not significantly different between ER and non-ER subgroups ( z=-0.013, P>0.05). The multivariate logistic analysis indicated the ps-Tg level was the significant variable for non-ER in low- to intermediate-risk group (odds ratio( OR)=6.157(95% CI: 1.046-36.227); OR=22.965(95% CI: 3.591-146.857), both P<0.05) and high-risk group ( OR=9.696 (95% CI: 1.379-68.169), P<0.05); a high UIC could be an indicator of non-ER only in the low- to intermediate-risk group ( OR=3.715(95% CI: 1.201-11.488), P<0.05). Conclusions:The non-ER is associated with UIC in the low- to intermediate-risk group; however, UIC does not affect the non-ER in the high-risk group. Higher ps-Tg level is associated with non-ER in patients with low- to intermediate-risk and high-risk DTC.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 405-411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884727

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical effects of thoracic endoscopic-assisted anterior-lateral decompression and fusion for thoracolumbar or upper lumbar disc herniation (LDH) associated with vertebral osteochondrosis (VO).Methods:From December 2017 to December 2019, 10 patients of thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO were treated with thoracic endoscopic-assisted anterior-lateral decompression and fusion, including 6 men and 4 women, with an average 49.2 years old (range, 37 to 65 years old). The involved levels included T 12L 1 in 5 cases, L 1, 2 in 2 cases and L 2, 3 in 3 cases. There were 4 cases of simple thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO and 6 cases of thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO combined with ligamentum flavum hyperplasia and ossification or kyphosis (combined with posterior decompression and internal fixation or posterior correction surgery). The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and anterior and posterior height of intervertebral space were evaluated at follow-up. The clinical effects were evaluated according to the modified MacNab criteria. Results:The operation was performed successfully in all the patients. During the operation, the herniated disc and ossification were clearly exposed and completely removed, with the sufficient decompression of spinal cord, nerve root and dural sac. The operation duration was 115.4±23.8 minutes (range, 70 to 180 mins). Intraoperative bleed loss was 122.6±21.3 ml (range, 40 to 310 ml). The patients were followed up for averagely 21.6 months (range, 12 to 36 months). At the final follow-up, VAS score decreased from preoperative 7.2±1.9 to 1.8±1.1, and ODI decreased from preoperative 64.3%±13.9% to 16.3%±5.1% ( P<0.05). The anterior height of intervertebral space recovered from preoperative 7.8±1.5 mm to 11.9±2.3 mm, and the posterior height of intervertebral space recovered from preoperative 4.5±1.1 mm to 7.4±1.6 mm ( P<0.05). According to modified MacNab criteria, the results were excellent in 9 cases and good in 1 case. Conclusion:For thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO, thoracic endoscopic-assisted anterior-lateral decompression and fusion provided clear vision of the surgical field, fully exposed and completely removed the herniated disc and ossification, which achieved satisfactory short-term results.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 350-358, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the early learning curve of OrthoPilot navigation assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods:Data of 40 consecutive cases of OrthoPilot navigation assisted TKA completed by the same surgical team in our department were retrospectively analyzed. According to the operation order, 40 cases were divided into the original phase group (the first 20 cases) and the subsequent phase group (the second 20 cases). In original phase group, the average age was 69.85±6.86 years with mean body mass index 24.10±2.88 kg/m 2, preoperative HSS score 48.80±5.33, preoperative knee ROM 87.05°±11.02° and preoperative alignment deviation of 7.40°±5.59°. In subsequent phase group, the average age was 66.65±7.92 years with mean body mass index 22.85±3.15 kg/m 2, preoperative HSS score 49.00±5.47, preoperative knee ROM 85.80°±11.65° and preoperative alignment deviation of 8.22°±5.21°. Perioperative data such as operative duration, incision length, hemoglobin drop and postoperative hospital stay, radiographic outcomes including hip-knee-ankle angle (HKAA), mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA), sagittal femoral component angle (sFCA), sagittal tibial component angle (sTCA), joint line convergence angle (JLCA), and functional scores were compared between the two groups. Results:All 40 cases were followed up for 24-33 months (mean, 27.38± 2.73 months). No severe postoperative complications such as infection and loosening occurred during the follow-up. The mean operative duration was 112.35±25.49 min in original phase group versus 82.10±10.96 min in subsequent phase group ( P< 0.05). The durations of tibial cutting was 11.95±3.27 min in original phase group versus 7.35±2.23 min in subsequent phase group ( P< 0.05); the femoral planning + cutting time was 20.95±6.91 min in original phase group versus 16.60±4.78 min in subsequent phase group, and trial + prosthesis implantation time was 39.65±7.72 min in original phase group versus 25.10±5.72 min in subsequent phase group,which was significantly higher in original phase group. There was no significant difference in other perioperative data such as incision length, hemoglobin drop and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups. As for radiographic outcomes, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in the postoperative angular deviation of HKAA (0.70°±0.80° vs. 0.80°±1.06°), mLDFA (0.89°±0.91° vs. 1.00°±0.86°), mMPTA (0.77°±0.53° vs. 0.76°±1.03°), sFCA (0.73°±0.48° vs. 0.87°±1.06°), sTCA (0.95°±0.58° vs. 1.16°±1.14°) and JLCA (0.27°±0.25° vs. 0.39°±0.18°). In original phase group, the HSS scores preoperative and 3 days postoperative were 48.80±5.33 and 60.05±5.10 respectively, and those in subsequent phase were 49.00±5.47 and 60.75±4.47 respectively, and both groups showed satisfactory functional recovery. There was no significant difference in HSS scores at all follow-up time points between two phases, as well as ROM (113.20°±9.82° vs. 113.50°±12.44°) and FJS-12 scores (78.00°±10.98° vs. 76.65°±10.29°) at 2 years postoperatively. Conclusion:In this study, we described a time-related early learning curve for OrthoPilot navigation-assisted TKA, in which the operative duration tended to be shorter after the first 20 cases. However, benefiting from good operative accuracy and repeatability, satisfactory radiographic and functional outcomes can be obtained in early stage of the learning curve.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and computed tomography (CT)-based target volume delineation and dose coverage in partial breast irradiation (PBI) for patients with breast cancer, aiming to explore the application value of MRI localization in PBI after breast-conserving surgery.Methods:Twenty-nine patients with early breast cancer underwent simulating CT and MRI scans in a supine position. The cavity visualization score (CVS) of tumor bed (TB) was evaluated. The TB, clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (PTV) were delineated on CT and MRI images, and then statistically compared. Conformity indices (CI) between CT- and MRI-defined target volumes were calculated. PBI treatment plan of 40 Gy in 10 fractions was designed based on PTV-CT, and the dose coverage for PTV-MRI was evaluated.Results:The CVS on CT and MRI images was 2.97±1.40 vs. 3.10±1.40( P=0.408). The volumes of TB, CTV, PTV on MRI were significantly larger than those on CT, (24.48±16.60) cm 3vs. (38.00±19.77) cm 3, (126.76±56.81) cm 3vs. (168.42±70.54) cm 3, (216.63±81.99) cm 3vs. (279.24±101.55) cm 3, respectively, whereas the increasing percentage of CTV and PTV were significantly smaller than those of TB. The CI between CT-based and MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV were 0.43±0.13, 0.66±0.11, 0.70±0.09( P<0.001), respectively. The median percentage of PTV-MRI receiving 40 Gy dose was 81.9%(62.3% to 92.4%), significantly lower than 95.6%(95.0%~97.5%) of PTV-CT. Conclusions:The CVS between CT and MRI is not significantly different, but the MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV are significantly larger than CT-based values. The PTV-MRI is of underdose if PBI treatment plan is designed for PTV-CT. As a supplement of CT scan, MRI can enhance the accuracy of TB delineation after breast-onserving surgery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879822

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes in hemodynamics during the induction stage of systemic mild hypothermia therapy in neonates with moderate to severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).@*METHODS@#A total of 21 neonates with HIE who underwent systemic mild hypothermia therapy in the Department of Neonatology, Dongguan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Guangdong Medical University, from July 2017 to April 2020 were enrolled. The rectal temperature of the neonates was lowered to 34℃ after 1-2 hours of induction and maintained at this level for 72 hours using a hypothermia blanket. The impedance method was used for noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring, and the changes in heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) from the start of hypothermia induction to the achievement of target rectal temperature (34℃). Blood lactic acid (LAC) and resistance index (RI) of the middle cerebral artery were recorded simultaneously.@*RESULTS@#The 21 neonates with HIE had a mean gestational age of (39.6±1.1) weeks, a mean birth weight of (3 439±517) g, and a mean 5-minute Apgar score of 6.8±2.0. From the start of hypothermia induction to the achievement of target rectal temperature (34℃), there were significant reductions in HR, CO, and CI (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The systemic mild hypothermia therapy may have a significant impact on hemodynamics in neonates with moderate to severe HIE, and continuous hemodynamic monitoring is required during the treatment.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Output , Child , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypothermia , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Vascular Resistance
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effects of tranexamic acid in arthroscope for femoroacetabular impingement.@*METHODS@#Totally 34 patients (34 hips) with femoroacetabular impingement underwent hip arthroscopy from June 2016 to December 2018, were randomly divided into two groups named as tranexamic acid group and control group, 17 patients in each group. In TXA group, there were 10 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (32.1±7.6) years old;15 mg/kg TXA was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. In control group, there were 11 males and 6 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (30.9±6.2) years old;100 ml normal saline was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. Introopertaive and total bloodloss between two groups were compared. Visual analogue scale (VAS) at 3 and 7 days after opertaion were used to evaluate pain relief of hip joint. Modified Harris Hip Score(mHHS) of hip joint at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks after oeprtaion were applied to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were obtained follow up over 12 weeks. Incision healed well without infection and deep vein thrombosis. There were no statistical difference in opertaion time bewteen two groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative application of tranexamic acid could effectively reduce blood loss in arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement, thereby improving surgical field of vision, reducing difficulty of surgical operation, which could promote early and rapid rehabilitation of hip function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopes , Arthroscopy , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tranexamic Acid , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879061

ABSTRACT

To explore prescription medication regularity in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). With Alzheimer's disease or senile dementia as the subject, collecting and sorting out the journal papers in CNKI were collected as the data source to establish the literature research database of Alzheimer's disease prescriptions, and then the association rule analysis, factor analysis and systematic cluster analysis on the included TCM were conducted. Among the 113 prescriptions included in the standard, the single herb Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma was the most common. The herbs were mainly warm and flat among four pro-perties, mainly sweet, bitter and spicy among five flavors. The drugs were mainly distributed in five internal organs, and the most commonly used drugs were deficiency tonifying drugs as well as blood activating and stasis removing drugs. In the association rule analysis, it was found that there were 6 drug pairs with the highest association strength. Eight common factors were extracted from the factor analysis, and they were classified into 6 categories in the systematic cluster analysis. The results have shown that the overall principles in treating Alzheimer's disease with modern Chinese medicine are tonifying deficiency, invigorating circulation, activating blood and dispelling phlegm.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application value of magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCCE) for risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin.Methods:Clinical data of elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin and undergoing MCCE from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Chaoyang and Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were analyzed. Patients were divided into low-risk group (scores ≤ 3) and moderate/high risk group (scores >3) to study the risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin.Results:A total of 66 patients (aged 60-81 years, 45 males and 21 females) were enrolled and 17 patients developed bleeding. The indicators of low-risk ( n=51) and moderate/high risk groups ( n=15) were as follows: the incidences of upper gastrointestinal bleeding were 17.6% and 53.3%( P<0.001), gastric ulcer 5.9% and 26.7% ( P<0.001), median gastric Lanza score 2.0 and 2.0( P=0.621), duodenal ulcer 2.0% and 18.8% ( P<0.001), median duodenal mucosal injury score 1.0 and 1.0( P=0.936), respectively. Receiver operator characteristic curve showed that the area under the curve of risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin by MCCE was 0.855. Conclusion:Risk assessment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients taking enteric-coated aspirin can be used to predict the risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, but the scoring rules need to be further improved. Moderate and high-risk patients should undergo MCCE to monitor aspirin related upper gastrointestinal mucosal injury.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the results of three detection methods, single antigen-bead assay(SAB), Luminex screening assay(LMX), and ELISA assay for detecting HLA antibody, and compares the two screening methods, LMX and ELISA with SAB detection as a reference method to provide a reference for organ transplantation laboratories to choose a reasonable HLA antibody test strategy.Methods:A lot of 124 consecutive samples were tested using SAB, ELISA, and LMX methods at the same time, and analyze the differences of these results. SAB testing was used as a reference method to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of the two screening assays. Chi-square analysis was used to compare the two methods, and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:Both ELISA and LMX methods showed low sensitivity of 34.4% and 31.3% for HLA class I, and 29.7% and 51.3% for class Ⅱ. Otherwise, the specificity of the ELISA and LMX method was much higher. For class, I both was 98.9%, and for class Ⅱ were 100% and 91.9% respectively. Out of 124 samples, the number of SAB(+ )ELISA(-)LMX(-) results was 17, and SAB(-)ELISA(+ )LMX(+ ) results was zero indicating that there were considerably screening assays probably with missed detection. In the cases of SAB(+ )ELISA(-)LMX(-), the distribution of MFI value of SAB assay ranges from 750 to 7000.Conclusions:Because the sensitivity of the two screening methods is relatively low, there is a greater risk of missed antibody detection in the scheme of testing for specific antibodies after the screening test is positive. This should be paid attention to, especially for patients with a history of sensitization. For negative screening test results, SAB or other assays should be considered to check the result. It could provide more accurate results when SAB which is recognized as higher sensitivity and specificity is directly used as an initial test. At the same time, the MFI value of the SAB test can serve as an indicator to determine whether to add other assays to check the ASB result.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To deliver understanding of the latest research progress on clinical trials and approval of dermatological drugs in China in 2020.Methods:A registration and information disclosure platform for drug clinical studies and a query system for domestic and imported drugs in the National Medical Products Administration of China were searched for registered clinical trials and approved dermatological drugs, respectively. The number and stages of clinical trials, indications and classification of involved products, and listed dermatological drugs in 2020 were summarized and depicted.Results:There were 157 dermatological drug trials registered in China in 2020, accounting for 6.16% of all the 2 548 clinical drug trials, including 127 (80.9%) initiated by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises and 25 (15.9%) international multicenter trials. Among the 127 drug trials initiated by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprises, bioequivalence trials were mostly common, accounting for 55.9% (71/127) . Compared with global pharmaceutical enterprises, domestic pharmaceutical companies initiated significantly decreased proportions of international multicenter trials (1.9% [3/157] vs. 14.0% [22/157], P < 0.001) , but significantly increased proportions of phaseⅠclinical trials and bioequivalence trials (24.4% [31/127] vs. 10.0% [3/30], 55.9% [71/127] vs. 0, respectively, both P < 0.001) . Totally, 90 kinds of dermatological drug were involved in all the trials, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and melanoma were the most common indications, and innovative drugs accounted for 53.3% (48/90) ; the proportion of innovative drugs was significantly lower in domestic pharmaceutical companies than in global pharmaceutical companies (43.2% [32/74] vs. 16/16, P < 0.001) . In addition, 28 dermatological drugs developed by 22 pharmaceutical companies were approved in China in 2020, of which 21 drugs were developed by domestic pharmaceutical companies. Conclusion:Clinical drug trials carried out by domestic pharmaceutical companies mostly focus on generic drugs, and it is still necessary for domestic pharmaceutical companies to further improve the innovation ability.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 550-553, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911070

ABSTRACT

Exosomes are widely distributed in various body fluids. They are extracellular vesicles with a diameter of 30-100nm that contain a variety of biologically active substances. They play an important role in a variety of biological processes such as tumor invasion, migration and immune escape. With the progress of research, exosomes derived from bladder cancer have shown great potential in the early diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer. This article reviews the main biological characteristics of exosomes and their new developments in the diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 548-549, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911069

ABSTRACT

Urethral fistula caused by anterior urethral valve combined with penile curvature is a rare clinical disease, which is rarely reported at home and abroad. We diagnosed 2 cases, treated with urethral diverticulum resection + urethral valve resection + dorsal albuginea of the penis + Duplay one-stage urethroplasty and urethral diverticulum resection + urethral valve resection + penis Dorsal albuginea fold + Duckett one-stage urethroplasty respectively. There were no surgical complications such as penile recurvation, urinary fistula, urethral stricture or urethral diverticulum, during the follow-up period of 10 and 15 months.

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