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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 98-102, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009231

ABSTRACT

The discoid meniscus is a common congenital meniscal malformation that is prevalent mainly in Asians and often occurs in the lateral discoid meniscus. Patients with asymptomatic discoid meniscus are usually treated by conservative methods such as observation and injury avoidance, while patients with symptoms and tears need to be treated surgically. Arthroscopic saucerization combined with partial meniscectomy and meniscus repair is the most common surgical approach., and early to mid-term reports are good. The prognostic factors are the patient's age at surgery、follow-up time and type of surgery. Some patients experience complications such as prolonged postoperative knee pain, early osteoarthritis, retears and Osteochondritis dissecans. The incidence of prolonged postoperative knee pain was higher and the incidence of Osteochondritis dissecans was the lowest. Retears of the lateral meniscus is the main reason for reoperation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Osteochondritis Dissecans , Treatment Outcome , Follow-Up Studies , Knee Joint/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Joint Diseases/surgery , Prognosis , Cartilage Diseases/surgery , Meniscus , Pain, Postoperative , Arthroscopy/methods
2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 109-116, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012859

ABSTRACT

It takes a long time to repair the social damage caused by a major epidemic, which is both a rebuilding of social order and a long process of social psychology. How to reproduce the collective memory of major epidemic events through narration, start from the reality of the epidemic narrative to the should and finally back to practice, and use epidemic narrative as an educational means and carrier in ideological and political education, it will be a beneficial attempt to realize the unification of knowledge and practice in college students’ ideological and political education in the post-epidemic period. To integrate the epidemic narrative into the ideological and political education of college students, it is necessary to adhere to the mainstream ideological direction of the narrative, unblock the narrative channel, reasonably choose the narrative method and optimize the narrative content, adhere to student-oriented, and give full play to the educational function of students’ individual narration.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 348-352, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for clinically safe drug use by mining oxaliplatin-related adverse drug events (ADE) of the nervous system. METHODS Oxaliplatin-related neurologic ADE data reported by the FDA adverse event reporting system (FAERS) between January 1st, 2004 and December 31st, 2022 were collected. The reporting odds ratio and proportional reporting ratio were used for data mining. The data were classified statistically by using systematic organ classification, high-level group term (HLGT) and preferred term (PT) in the MedDRA (version 26.0). RESULTS A total of 7 266 cases of oxaliplatin- related ADE, which were classified as various neurological, were retrieved, and 100 PT were identified. Of these, fifty-seven PT were unspecified adverse reaction signals in the manual. Among these reports, males (46.85%) were more than females (42.98%), the age of patients was 45-<75 years (65.22%), the number of reports was highest in Italy (16.32%), and the severe type was hospitalization or prolonged hospitalization (38.16%). The top 5 PT reports in the list of case number were peripheral neuropathy, paresthesia, neurotoxicity, loss of consciousness and dysarthria. The top 5 PT reports in the list of signal intensities were cold- induced paresthesia, neuromuscular rigidity, acute polyneuropathy, neuronal neuropathy, axonal and demyelinating polyneuropathy. A total of 13 HLGT were involved, with neurological diseases (not classified separately) having the highest number of signals (29). CONCLUSIONS When using oxaliplatin in clinical practice, it is not only necessary to monitor the high incidence of acute and chronic peripheral neuropathy, but also to pay attention to the patient’s consciousness state and neurological symptoms. We should pay attention to the rare types of adverse reactions, such as guillain-barre syndrome, Lhermitte sign, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, and hyperammoniacal encephalopathy, so as to ensure the safety of medication.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 359-363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986078

ABSTRACT

The number of patients with periodontal disease in China is large, and the ratio of doctors to patients is seriously imbalanced, especially in the insufficient number of periodontal specialists and periodontal teachers. Strengthening the cultivation of professional postgraduates in periodontology can effectively solve this problem. This paper summarizes the experiences of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology in the teaching of periodontal postgraduate students for more than 30 years, in cluding teaching objectives formulation, teaching resources allocation and enhancement of the quality control system of clinical teaching, for ensuring that the periodontal professional postgraduates could reach the expected level after training. This formed the current "Peking University Model". There are both opportunities and challenges in clinical teaching of periodontal postgraduates in domestic stomatology community. The authors hope that the continuous exploration and improvement of this teaching system will promote the vigorous development of clinical teaching for the postgraduates majoring in periodontology in China.

5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1115-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985520

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is a major threat to human health and has become the leading cause of death worldwide; therefore, early diagnosis and treatment are of great value. Due to its miniaturization, integration, and ease of operation, microfluidic technology enables the rapid, multi-target detection of cardiovascular disease markers and significantly facilitates the early and rapid diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. This article reviews the research progress of microfluidics in cardiovascular disease detection, analyzes its advantages and weaknesses in the rapid detection of protein, lipid, and nucleic acid biomarkers, hopes to provide a reference to promote the quick detection technology of cardiovascular disease, and thus proposes new considerations for the early management of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microfluidics , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Early Diagnosis
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 276-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984615

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm-accelerated phase/blast phase (MPN-AP/BP) . Methods: A total of 67 patients with MPN-AP/BP were enrolled from February 2014 to December 2021 at the Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Their clinical features and prognostic factors were analyzed retrospectively. Results: ① Sixty-seven patients with MPN-AP/BP with a median age of 60 (range, 33-75) years, including 31 males (46.3% ) and 36 females (53.7% ) , were analyzed. Forty-eight patients progressed from primary myelofibrosis (PMF) , and 19 progressed from other myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) , which included polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and MPN unclassifiable. Patients who progressed from PMF had higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels than those who progressed from other MPNs (925.95 vs. 576.2 U/L, P=0.011) , and there were higher proportions of patients who progressed from PMF with splenomegaly (81.4% vs. 57.9% , P=0.05) , a myelofibrosis grade of ≥2 (93.6% vs. 63.2% , P=0.004) , and a shorter duration from diagnosis to the transformation to AP/BP (28.7 vs. 81 months, P=0.001) . ② JAK2V617F, CALR, and MPLW515 were detected in 41 (61.2% ) , 13 (19.4% ) , and 3 (4.5% ) patients, respectively, whereas 10 (14.9% ) patients did not have any driver mutations (triple-negative) . Other than driver mutations, the most frequently mutated genes were ASXL1 (42.2% , n=27) , SRSF2 (25% , n=16) , SETBP1 (22.6% , n=15) , TET2 (20.3% , n=13) , RUNX1 (20.3% , n=13) , and TP53 (17.2% , n=11) . The ASXL1 mutation was more enriched (51.1% vs. 21.1% , P=0.03) , and the median variant allele fraction (VAF) of the SRSF2 mutation (median VAF, 48.8% vs. 39.6% ; P=0.008) was higher in patients who progressed from PMF than those who progressed from other MPNs. ③ In the multivariate analysis, the complex karyotype (hazard ratio, 2.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-6.05; P=0.036) was independently associated with worse overall survival (OS) . Patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) (median OS, 21.3 vs. 3 months; P=0.05) or acute myeloid leukemia-like (AML-like) therapy (median OS, 13 vs. 3 months; P=0.011) had significantly better OS than those who received supportive therapy. Conclusion: The proportions of patients with PMF-AP/BP with splenomegaly, myelofibrosis grade ≥2, a higher LDH level, and a shorter duration from diagnosis to the transformation to AP/BP were higher than those of patients with other Philadelphia-negative MPN-AP/BP. The complex karyotype was an independent prognostic factor for OS. Compared with supportive therapy, AML-like therapy and allo-HSCT could prolong the OS of patients with MPN-AP/BP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Prognosis , Splenomegaly , Retrospective Studies , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Mutation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Janus Kinase 2/genetics
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5345-5355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008732

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction(BYHWD) on endogenous biomarkers in the urine of rats with chronic inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS) using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), aiming to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of BYHWD on chronic inflammation from a metabolomics perspective. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose BYHWD groups(7.5, 15, and 30 g·kg~(-1)). The model group and BYHWD groups received tail intravenous injection of LPS(200 μg·kg~(-1)) on the first day of each week, followed by oral administration of BYHWD once a day for four consecutive weeks. Urine samples were collected at the end of the administration period, and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of the rat urine in each group. Multivariate statistical analysis methods such as principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the effect of BYHWD on endogenous metabolites. One-way ANOVA and variable importance for the projection(VIP) were used to screen for potential biomarkers related to chronic inflammation. The identified biomarkers were subjected to pathway and enrichment analysis using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. A total of 25 potential biomarkers were screened and identified in the rat urine in this experiment. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed significant increases in the levels of 14 substances(P<0.05) and significant decreases in the levels of 11 substances(P<0.05). BYHWD was able to effectively reverse the trend of most endogenous biomarkers. Compared with the model group, BYHWD significantly down-regulated 13 biomarkers(P<0.05) and up-regulated 10 biomarkers(P<0.05). The metabolic products were mainly related to the biosynthesis of pantothenic acid and coenzyme A, tryptophan metabolism, retinol metabolism, and propionate metabolism. BYHWD has therapeutic effect on chronic inflammation induced by LPS, which may be related to its ability to improve the levels of endogenous metabolites, enhance the body's anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities, and restore normal metabolic activity.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Lipopolysaccharides , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Metabolomics/methods , Inflammation/drug therapy , Biomarkers/urine
8.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 381-391, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976841

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed of the outcome of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who received disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). @*Methods@#Relevant studies published before November 2022 in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Web of Science databases were retrieved using the following search expression: (“multiple sclerosis” OR “MS”) AND (“DMT” OR “disease modifying therapies”) AND (“COVID-19”). Two authors independently screened the articles and extracted the data. Qualitative analyses and a meta-analysis constituted 22 of the 794 retrieved articles. Differences in the hospitalization and mortality rates were used as the main measures of efficacy, and the meta-analysis was performed using RevMan software. @*Results@#22 clinical trials were selected. The hospitalization rate was lower in the 3,216 patients who received DMTs than in the 774 patients who did not receive any treatment, with a moderate effect size of 0.43 (p<0.00001). The mortality rate was also lower among patients with MS treated using DMTs than in controls (odds ratio [OR]=0.19, 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.13–0.27, p<0.00001). The hospitalization rates for COVID-19 infection in patients with MS treated with anti-CD20 therapy also increased markedly (OR=3.32, 95% CI=2.63–4.20, p<0.00001). However, there was no significant difference between patients with MS who did and did not receive DMTs. @*Conclusions@#In summary, the application of DMTs was found to be valuable for patients with MS infected with COVID-19. However, more clinical studies are needed to determine the use of anti-CD20 drugs in patients with MS during the COVID-19 pandemic.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1449-1455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the clinical application and further research and development of Shenling baizhu powder. METHODS Using the methods of textual research and bibliometrics, the key information such as the composition, dose, processing and usage of Shenling baizhu powder in ancient and modern literature were systematically summarized and sorted out, and the number of publications, keywords, and other contents of modern literature were visually analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Shenling baizhu powder was first collected in Taiping Huimin Hejiju Fang (abbreviated “Jufang”), the composition of core drugs and most widely used dose ratio in previous generations were the same as those in Jufang, basically focusing on powder making and being taken after mixed with liquid; the dosage was concentrated on 2-3 qian; the function and application of it had been expanded to a certain extent compared with Jufang; its clinical application had gradually extended from internal medicine to surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, ophthalmology, dermatology, etc., covering all aspects of the disease caused by spleen deficiency in general; the composition mechanism revolved around “strengthening the spleen, replenishing qi and removing dampness”; the recommended prescription drugs were all selected from the corresponding varieties in the pharmacopoeia. Modern research mainly focuses on clinical practice, with traditional Chinese medicine or traditional Chinese and Western medicine combined with this formula as the main modified treatment for various intestinal diseases, diarrhea diseases, and lung diseases. The efficacy and application are the frontier hot spots today, and the mechanism of action has begun to be explored. The usage in the literature and the inclusion in the pharmacopoeia are inconsistent, and further research is needed.

10.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 958-964, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998987

ABSTRACT

BackgroundType 1 diabetes is caused by a chronic immune response that destroys islet beta cells, resulting in elevated blood glucose. Mesenchymal stem cells can prevent and treat the development of diabetes and its complications. However, little is known about the effects and potential mechanisms of Gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) in preventing diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanism of GMSCs in preventing type 1 diabetes in mice and to find targets for clinical treatment of diabetes. MethodsWe injected human GMSCs into NOD mice to observe the trend of blood glucose, observed the survival of pancreatic β-cells by immunohistochemistry, and detected the change of immune cells in the spleen of mice by flow analysis. Finally, the immune cells in NOD mice were transfused into NOD-SCID mice to observe the onset of diabetes in NOD-SCID mice. ResultsGMSCs significantly reduced the incidence of diabetes in NOD mice, with 64% of control mice developing diabetes at 27 weeks of age compared with 35% in the GMSC group, P=0.013. The percentage of Follicular B cells(FO B cell) in the spleen of GMSCs-treated mice decreased from (52.2±4.1)% to (43.2±5.3)%, P=0.008, while other types of immune cells did not change significantly. The immunohistochemical results showed that GMSCs could effectively improve the survival of pancreatic β-cells, which could continuously produce insulin to control blood glucose. Finally, we found the spleen cells transfusion could prevent the development of diabetes in NOD-SCID mice. ConclusionGMSCs can reduce diabetes in mice by reducing FO B cells in the spleen.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1665-1669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998874

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the role of mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms in the relationship between childhood psychological abuse and depressive symptoms among college students, in order to provide a basis for mental health promotion.@*Methods@#From February to May 2023, a stratified random sampling method was used to select 1 799 freshmen to juniors from a university in Wuhu City, Anhui Province. The questionnaire survey was conducted using the 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), Child Psychological Maltreatment Scale (CPMS), Mobile Phone Addiction Tendency Scale (MPATS), 2-item General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-2). Correlations among each variable were analyzed, and the chain mediating effect of mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms was explored.@*Results@#The detection rate of depressive symptoms among college students was 9.7%, and the positive detection rate of childhood psychological abuse was 28.6%. Depressive symptoms were positively correlated with childhood psychological abuse, mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms ( r =0.28, 0.32, 0.27, P <0.01). Childhood psychological abuse was positively correlated with mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms ( r =0.29, 0.71, P <0.01). Mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms were positively correlated ( r =0.30, P <0.01). Childhood psychological abuse could effectively predict depressiove symptoms, mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms ( β =0.08, 0.06, 0.66, P <0.01). Mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms had a chain mediating effect between childhood psychological abuse and depression symptoms, with a total indirect mediating effect (effect=25.27%, P <0.05), accounting for 72.44% of the total effect.@*Conclusions@#Mobile phone addiction and anxiety symptoms play a chain mediating role between childhood psychological abuse and depressive symptoms. Focusing on childhood psychological abuse, mobile phone addiction and anxiety among college students are beneficial for depression symptoms prevention.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 808-815, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998247

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the application of International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI) in China. MethodsResearches using ISNCSCI in the spinal cord injury were retrieved from CNKI, from January 1st, 2020 to December 31st, 2022. The authors and the keywords of the included literatures were analyzed using VOSviewer and CiteSpace to generate a collaboration network graph of authors and a theme distribution map of keywords. The objects, purposes, causes of spinal cord injury, distribution of researchers' departments, ISNCSCI version used, corresponding publication time and other information of the included studies were manual searched and analyzed. ResultsA total of 285 literatures were finally included, involving 1 279 authors, out of whom 111 published 97.19% of the total number of articles. The main keywords included spinal cord injury, spinal fractures, neurological function, thoracolumbar fractures and spinal tuberculosis, which classified in seven clusters, and the topics of spinal cord injury, efficacy, spinal fractures, quality of life and prognosis were the hotspots in the field. With manual searching, the main topic was spinal cord injury; the main object was traumatic spinal cord injury; the main purpose was to evaluate the surgical efficacy; the research institutions were mostly the comprehensive hospitals or specialized hospitals focusing on orthopedics (spinal surgery); the clinical departments that used ISNCSCI the most were orthopedics (including spinal surgery) and rehabilitation medicine, and nursing teams were paying more attention to ISNCSCI; the most commonly used versions of ISNCSCI were 2011 (7th edition) and 2000 (6th edition), however, for a large number of articles, the versions were not clear or earlier than 2000. ConclusionThe application of ISNCSCI in China should be improved in the standardization.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 325-330, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997243

ABSTRACT

Ticks are obligate, haematophagous arthropods that are distributed across the world, which may transmit more than 200 pathogens, including viruses, bacteria and parasites. A large number of tick species are widespread in China, and their transmitting tick-borne viral diseases pose a great threat to human health in endemic foci. This review describes the epidemiology of common, emerging and potentially pathogenic tick-borne viruses in China, and recommends the assessment of public health significance and pathogenicity of emerging tick-borne viruses using reverse microbial etiology, so as to provide insights into the management of emerging tick-borne diseases in China.

14.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 74-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize initial experience of applying nanopore third-generation sequencing detection method (nanopore sequencing) for genetic diagnosis of non-classical 21 hydroxylase deficiency (NC 21-OHD), and to explore its performance and application prospects.Methods:Clinical data of the two NC 21-OHD patients, who were hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in May 2019, were collected. Peripheral venous blood was collected and genome DNA extracted. Genetic variants was detected by nanopore sequencing and underwent bioinformatic analysis. Pathogenetic mutations in CYP21A2 gene were validated with PCR-sanger sequencing in the two patients and their parents.Results:The average reads length and sequence depth in the patient one was 12, 792 bp and 27.19×. The average reads length and sequence depth in the patient two was 13, 123 bp and 21.34×. Compound variants of c.293-13C>G/c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) and c.332_339delGAGACTAC (p.Gly111Valfs)/c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) were detected in these two patients, which were consistent with clinical phenotype of NC 21-OHD. Further analysis showed that c.293-13C>G mutation was inherited from her father and c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) mutation was inherited from her mother for the patient one. The c.844G>T (p.Val282Leu) mutation was inherited from her father and c.332_339delGAGACTAC (p.Gly111Valfs) mutation from her mother.Conclusions:The heterozygous mutations in CYP21A2 gene are the cause of NC 21-OHD in these two patients. Nanopore sequencing technique is a reliable new detection method for patients with NC 21-OHD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 68-73, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after liver transplantation.Methods:The clinical and laboratory data of 50 HCC patients, who received liver transplantation and were followed up in the Liver transplantation Center of Beijing Youan Hospital from January 2014 to December 2016, were retrospectively analyzed. The differences on clinical laboratory indicators and five-year survival were compared between HCC recurrence group ( n=29) and non-recurrence group ( n=21). Spearman correlate analysis was used to analyze the correlation between clinical laboratory indicators and HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of CD4+T lymphocytes in HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare the survival time of patients with different CD4+T lymphocytes levels post liver transplantation. Results:Compared to non-recurrence group, the level of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, γ-glutamyltransferase, albumin, lymphocytes, alpha-fetoprotein, protein induced by vitamin K deficiency or antagonist-Ⅱ, CD3+, CD4+and CD8+T lymphocytes were significantly different (all P<0.05). The median recurrence time after liver transplantation was 13.0 (6.0, 24.0) months, and the mortality rate was 100%. The 5-year mortality rate was 0 in the non-recurrence group. During 5-year follow-up, the median survival time of patients in the HCC recurrence group was 18.0 (9.0, 36.0) months, which was significantly lower than that of non-recurrence group [60.0 (60.0, 60.0) months, ( P<0.05)]. Compared with non-recurrence group, the CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+T lymphocytes were significantly lower in the recurrence group (all P<0.05). Spearman correlate analysis showed that HCC recurrence after liver transplantation was negatively correlated with the CD3+, CD8+and CD4+T lymphocytes ( r=-0.43, -0.38, -0.44, all P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that CD4+T lymphocytes at cutoff of≤265.50 cells/μl was valuable for the diagnosis of HCC recurrence after liver transplantation (specificity 100%, sensitivity 48.30%). Survival curve analysis showed that the survival time was significantly lower in the CD4≤265.50 cells/μl group [15.0 (10.0, 36.8) months] than that in the CD4>265.50 cells/μl group [53.0 (19.5, 60.0) months] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:There is a significant negative correlation between CD4+T lymphocytes and HCC recurrence after liver transplantation. CD4+T lymphocytes at cutoff value of≤265.50 cells/μl is valuable for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of HCC recurrence after liver transplantation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 488-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic prevalence of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in 2020, and to provide the basis for assessment of KBD control and elimination.Methods:According to the "Kashin-Beck Disease Monitoring Plan (2019 Edition)", collection of basic information of endemic areas and children KBD examination were executed in all endemic areas from every endemic county (city, district, banner) of 13 endemic provinces. All children aged 7 - 12 years in endemic areas underwent clinical examination, X-ray examination was performed for clinically positive children. According to the criteria of "Diagnosis of Kashin-Beck Disease" (WS/T 207-2010), KBD cases were diagnosed by both clinical examination and X-ray check.Results:In monitoring of 827 986 children of 7 - 12 years old, a total of 703 children with similar clinical signs of KBD were suspected positive cases. X-ray results showed that 703 children were normal, with no X-ray positive change, they were not children KBD cases.Conclusions:In 2020, no cases of Kashin-Beck disease are detected in children nationwide, and the condition of Kashin-Beck disease in children nationwide continues to be at a level of elimination.

17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 818-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Jiawei Zhixiao Decoction and western medicine comprehensive therapy in acute attack of bronchial asthma of heat asthma syndrome.Methods:Randomized controlled trial. A total of 80 patients with acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma and TCM pattern heat asthma, who treated in the respiratory department of our hospital from January 2021 to December 2021, were selected. Accordlty to random number table method the patients were divided into the treatment group and control group, with 40 in each group. The patients in the control group were given comprehensive treatment of Western Medicine (bronchodilator and glucocorticoid, etc.). On the basis of comprehensive treatment of Western medicine, the treatment group was combined with Jiawei Zhixiao Decoction. All patients received a 14-day treatment. Before and after treatment, the TCM symptom scores were recorded, FEV1 and forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity ratio (FEV1/FVC) were measured by pulmonary function meter, and peak expiratory flow (PEF) was measured by peak expiratory flow meter. Serum TNF-α and IL-8 levels were detected by ELISA, and procalcitonin (PCT) was detected by electrochemiluminescence. The disease grade, clinical efficacy and adverse reactions were also recorded.Results:The total effective rate was 95.0% (38/40) in the treatment group and 80.0% (32/40) in the control group, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=4.11, P=0.043). After treatment, the TCM symptom score of the treatment group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=7.91, P<0.01). FEV1 [(2.83±0.37) L vs. (2.38±0.32) L, t=6.77], FEV1/FVC [(85.37±9.36) % vs. (75.50±10.24) %, t=4.50], PEF [(4.84±0.82) L vs. (3.92±0.43) L, t=6.28] was significantly higher than that of control group ( P<0.01). Serum IL-8 [(80.59±10.28) ng/L vs. (87.15±8.25) ng/L, t=3.15], TNF-α [(43.18±4.08) ng/L vs. (51.78±7.58) ng/L, t=6.32], PCT [(0.84±0.35) μg/L vs. (0.41±0.12) μg/L, t=7.35] were significantly lower than those in control group ( P<0.01). The improvement of asthma grade was significantly better than that of control group ( Z=17.86, P<0.05). During the observation period, there were no serious adverse reactions in both groups, and the safety was high. Conclusion:Application of Jiawei Zhixiao Decoction and western medicine comprehensive therapy in acute attack of bronchial asthma of heat asthma syndrome can effectively improve the TCM symptoms and lung function, attenuate the inflammation response, and alleviate the severity of asthma.

18.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989457

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of open suture and selective suture in patients with high complexity anal fistula and its effect on anal function and complications.Methods:Prospectively selected 174 patients with high complex anal fistula who were hospitalized in the Anorectal Surgery Department of the Second People′s Hospital of Yibin City from December 2018 to December 2021 as the study subjects, including 138 males and 36 females, aged from 26 to 45 years, with an average of (35.20 ± 8.86) years. According to the admission order of patients, grouped them into single and double numbers, with single numbers being the control group ( n=87) and double numbers being the observation group ( n=87). The control group was treated with traditional incision and thread hanging therapy, while the observation group was treated with selective suture through incision and thread hanging therapy. Compared the surgical time, blood loss, surgical cost, wound healing time, and anal function at 6 months after surgery between the two groups of patients. Compared the treatment effects of two groups of patients at 6 months after surgery. Compared the postoperative complications within 6 months and recurrence within 1 year between the two groups. The measurement data subject to normal distribution were expressed by mean ± standard deviation( ± s). The two groups were compared by independent sample t test, and the count data were compared by Chi-square test. Rank sum test was used for comparison of hierarchical data. Results:The surgical time in the observation group was higher than that in the control group [(44.30 ± 8.11) min vs (42.18 ± 7.25) min, ( t=-2.44, P<0.05], and the surgical cost was higher than that in the control group [(1184.81 ± 372.68) yuan vs (835.28 ± 320.03) yuan, t=-8.75, P<0.001]. There was no statistically significant difference in blood loss data between the two groups [(19.57 ± 6.07) mL vs (18.35 ± 5.25) mL, t=-1.88, P>0.05]. The length of wound healing time in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [(24.18 ± 4.35) d vs (29.35 ± 5.08) d, t=11.09, P<0.001]. The anal function score of the observation group at 6 months after surgery was lower than that of the control group [(4.80 ± 1.21) score vs (6.71 ± 1.35) score, t=14.72, P<0.001]. All patients did not experience any loss of follow-up. In the comparison of treatment effects 6 months after surgery, the observation group had a better efficacy rating than control group ( Z=3.86, P<0.001). At 6 months after surgery, the incidence of complications in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [2.30% (2/87) vs 10.34% (9/87), χ2=4.76, P<0.05]. One year after surgery, the recurrence rate in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [2.30% (2/87) vs 10.34% (9/87), χ2=4.76, P<0.05]. Conclusion:The application of incision and thread-drawing selective suture in the treatment of patients with high complex anal fistula is beneficial to the treatment effect of patients, reduces postoperative complications, and protects the anal function of patients, with good use value.

19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 308-315, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors related to renal impairment in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) from the perspective of integrated Chinese and Western medicine.@*METHODS@#Totally 492 patients with DKD in 8 Chinese hospitals from October 2017 to July 2019 were included. According to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) staging guidelines, patients were divided into a chronic kidney disease (CKD) 1-3 group and a CKD 4-5 group. Clinical data were collected, and logistic regression was used to analyze the factors related to different CKD stages in DKD patients.@*RESULTS@#Demographically, male was a factor related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD (OR=3.100, P=0.002). In clinical characteristics, course of diabetes >60 months (OR=3.562, P=0.010), anemia (OR=4.176, P<0.001), hyperuricemia (OR=3.352, P<0.001), massive albuminuria (OR=4.058, P=0.002), atherosclerosis (OR=2.153, P=0.007) and blood deficiency syndrome (OR=1.945, P=0.020) were factors related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male, course of diabetes >60 months, anemia, hyperuricemia, massive proteinuria, atherosclerosis, and blood deficiency syndrome might indicate more severe degree of renal function damage in patients with DKD. (Registration No. NCT03865914).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Hyperuricemia , Kidney , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 607-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982104

ABSTRACT

Extramedullary plasma cell tumor (EMP) is a kind of plasma cell tumor, and its pathogenesis is not completely clear. According to whether it is independent of myeloma disease, it can be divided into primary and secondary EMP, which have different biological and clinical characteristics. Primary EMP has low invasion, fewer cytogenetic and molecular genetic abnormalities and good prognosis, and surgery and / or radiotherapy are the mainly treatments. Secondary EMP, as the extramedullary invasive progression of multiple myeloma (MM), is often accompanied by high-risk cellular and molecular genetic abnormalities and poor prognosis, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are the mainly treatment. This paper reviews the latest research progress of EMP in the pathogenesis, cytogenetics molecular genetics and treatment, so as to provide reference for clinical work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmacytoma/surgery , Prognosis , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
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