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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E377-E383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904411

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to simulate different angles of acetabular blocks that need to be adjusted during operation, the optimal angle was determined through analyzing the contact stress and contact area of cartilage around the hip joint, so as to provide an individual scheme for acetabular osteotomy. Methods The finite element models for development dysplasia of hip (DDH) and normal pelvis were established to investigate morphological characteristics of the acetabulum and the causes of stress concentration. To simulate osteotomy for the DDH model, a total of 20 postoperative osteotomy models were obtained through the combination of different angles for anterior rotation and lateral rotation of acetabular blocks, and the differences in optimal results of the models during simulated one legged-standing were compared and analyzed. Results The maximum contact pressure of acetabular cartilage in normal model was 7.85 MPa. The maximum contact pressure of acetabular cartilage in DDH model was 13.42 MPa. The optimal contact pressure after simulated osteotomy decreased to 8.49 MPa, and the contact distribution was improved more significantly. Conclusions Changing the anterior rotation angle can significantly improve the contact pressure distribution and size, as well as stay away from the preoperative lesion area, which has a positive impact on postoperative outcomes. Personalized osteotomy plan based on actual situation of each patient before the operation is crucial for the surgical effect.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1450-1455, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, outcomes and prognosis of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of adult AML patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, genetic anomaly, treatment strategy and survival.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement were detected in 410 adult AML patients (3.7%). The ratio of male to female among 15 patients was 1.1∶1, and the median age was 43 (17-76) years old. The main FAB types were M2 and M4/M5, and including one unclassified. According to the genetic prognosis, 11 cases were intermediate risk, while 4 cases were high risk. The main type of NUP98 gene rearrangement was NUP98-HOXA9 (13/15, 86.7%). 10 patients underwent next generation sequencing, in which 5 patients showed epigenetic gene mutations, 3 patients showed FLT3-ITD or WT1 mutations, and 2 patients showed no mutation. After induction therapy, 13 of 15 patients achieved complete remission(CR). 7 of 8 patients with standard induction therapy achieved CR. 7 elder or intolerance patients with demethylation drug and chemotherapy all achieved CR. The median follow-up time was 28 months. The median OS of 15 the patients was 31.5 months (95% CI 10.7%-52.2%), and the median OS of the patients in non-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) group was 18.5 months (95% CI 17.8%-19.1%). The median OS was not reached for the patients in the Allo-HSCT group.@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT can significantly improve the prognosis of AML patients with NUP98 rearrangement. NUP98 rearrangement can be accompanied by epigenetic gene mutations. For the elderly or patients who do not tolerate standard induction therapy, demethylation drugs combined with chemotherapy can achieve good outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of multi-point acupuncture and lavage on removing facial filling material.Methods:From May 2015 to May 2020, the Department of Plastic Surgery of Tianjin Time Plastic Aesthetic Clinic removed the filling materials from 38 patients (4 males, 34 females; 19-55 years, with average 28 years). During the operation, multi-point acupuncture were performed with an 18G needle to perforate different cavities of the fillers to press them out; with injection syringe flushing fluid was injected with a needle into the filling material area with repeated lavage through puncture points.Results:On average, 90% of the filling materials were recovered by this method, 5 cases were removed twice; follow-up for 6-12 months after operation showed that postoperative appearance was natural, and no scar and hyperpigmentation occurred; there were no cases of postoperative infection with ideal effects.Conclusions:Multi-point acupuncture and lavage treatment can remove more facial filling material; although there is also small amount of filling material left, it is not affect clinical efficacy. This method basically does not damage the surrounding normal tissue, and therefore it is worthy of clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885098

ABSTRACT

Turnner syndrome is a common sex chromosome disorder. We reported a rare case with Turnner syndrome caused by abnormal number and structure of sex chromosomes. Hereby fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and copy number variation by whole genome low depth sequencing (CNV-seq) were used to clarify the abnormal chromosome. This study provides a diagnostic strategy for clinicians and genetic researchers.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876707

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the hospitalization cost and its influencing factors of imported malaria patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the evaluation of the economic burden due to imported malaria, and the guiding of malaria control and the rational allocation of medical resources. Methods The data pertaining to the hospitalization costs of imported malaria patients admitted to Shanglin County People’s Hospital in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region during the period from January 1 through December 31, 2019, and Tengchong Municipal People’s Hospital in Yunnan Province from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019, were collected, and the epidemiological data of these imported malaria patients were extracted from the Information Management System for Parasitic Diseases Control and Prevention, China. The composition of the hospitalization expenses was analyzed using a descriptive method. In addition, the factors affecting the hospitalization expenses of imported malaria patients were identified using a univariate analysis and a recursive system model. Results A total of 206 imported malaria patients were included in this study, including 194 men (94.17%) and 12 women (5.83%). The mean length of hospital stay was 5.00 days per patient and the median hospitalization expenses were 2 813.07 Yuan per time, in which the expenses for laboratory examinations were the highest (45.31%, 1 274.62/2 813.07). Univariate analysis showed that hospital (z = 5.43, P < 0.01), type of malaria (χ2 = 34.86, P < 0.01) and type of payment (χ2 = 7.72, P < 0.05) were factors affecting the hospitalization expenses of imported malaria patients. Recursion system modeling revealed that the total effects on hospitalization expenses of imported malaria patients included length of hospital stay (0.78), selection of hospital (0.34), basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents (0.19), new rural cooperative medical care (0.17), Plasmodium falciparum malaria (0.15), gender (0.11) and P. vivax malaria (0.09). Conclusions The hospitalization expenses of imported malaria patients are affected by multiple factors in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Yunnan Province, in which the length of hospital stay is the most predominant influencing factor. A reduction in the length of hospital stay is effective to decrease the hospitalization expenses of imported malaria patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of positive lymph node ratio (LNR) in predicting the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#We retrieved the data of a total of 862 patients with esophageal cancer with complete clinical pathology data archived in SEER database in 2010 to 2015. The best cutoff point of LNR was selected using X-tile software. Univariate and multivariate COX proportional hazard models were used to assess the value of LNR in predicting the prognosis of patients after propensity score matching (PSM).@*RESULTS@#The best cut-off point of LNR determined using X-tile 3.6.1 software was 0.16. The patients with LNR < 0.16 and those with LNR≥0.16 showed significant differences in the number of positive lymph nodes, pathological type, T stage and M stage. After 1:1 propensity score matching, the two groups showed no significant difference in the clinical data or pathological parameters. Matched univariate and multivariate COX regression analyses showed that LNR, primary tumor site and M staging were all independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients, and among them LNR had the most significant predictive value (LNR < 0.16 LNR≥0.16: HR=1.827, 95% : 1.140-2.929; =0.000). The median survival time of patients with LNR < 0.16 was 31 months (95%: 22.556-39.444 months), as compared with 16 months (95%: 12.989-19.011) in patient with LNR≥0.16 (Log Rank χ=27.392, < 0.0001). LNR had a better accuracy than N stage for assessing the patients' prognosis with an area under the ROC curve of 0.617 (95%: 0.567-0.666), as compared with 0.515 (95%: 0.463-0.565) of N stage (=3.008, =0.0026).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LNR≥0.16 is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer and has better prognostic value than N stage.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Node Ratio , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811498

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analysis the clinical characteristics and experiences in diagnosis and treatment of the patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 28 patients with NCP in Nanning Fourth People's Hospital from January 22 to February 5 in 2020 were collected. The clinical manifestations, epidemiological history, laboratory tests, imaging examinations and treatments of patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#The 28 patients with confirmed viral pneumonia included 11 males and 17 females, ranging from 11 to 68 years. They all had history of epidemiological exposure and were all positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in throat swabs. There were one mild case, 25 ordinary cases and two severe cases. There were four groups of family clusters. The illness onset ranged from 1 to 12 days after exposure, and the time from the symptom onset to the positive result of the nucleic acid test was 0 to 13 days. The clinical symptoms were mainly fever and cough, which progressed rapidly in a short period of time. Since the onset of illness, the peak values of axillary temperature of the 28 patients were 36.6~39.5 ℃, while five patients had no fever throughout the course of the disease with the peak temperature of ≤37 ℃. There were two patients presented with decreased white blood cell counts, five patients with elevated C reactive protein, six patients with abnormal alanine aminotransferase, three patients with abnormal aspartate aminotransferase,10 patients with elevated creatine kinase, three patients with elevated creatine kinase isoenzyme, four patients with elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and all with normal procalcitonin levels. The chest computed tomography examinations showed that the common features were ground glass shadows (21 cases), blurred edges (18 cases), speckles and patchy shadows (17 cases), thickening and disorder of some lung textures (7 cases), and visible band shadows (7 cases). Pulmonary lesions often progressed rapidly. One 11-year-old child was treated with alpha-interferon alone, and 27 patients were treated with alpha-interferon inhalation plus lopinavir/ritonavir with 4 withdrawal due to adverse reactions. Up to February 12, nine patients had been discharged from the hospital, who were ordinary cases, without death cases.@*Conclusions@#The NCP patients mostly present with fever and cough. Pulmonary lesions often progress rapidly. Respiratory pathogen testing should be conducted as early as possible and repeatedly. Disisolation should be cautious for suspected people who are negative for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in pharynx swabs.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 117-122, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799578

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the efficacy and prognostic factors of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the treatment of patients with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) .@*Methods@#The clinical records of 33 ALCL patients after HSCT were collected and analyzed retrospectively to evaluate the rates of overall survival (OS) and recurrence after autologous (auto-HSCT) and allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) and the factors influencing prognosis.@*Results@#The median-age of this cohort of 33 ALCL cases at diagnosis was 31 (12-57) years old with a male/female ratio of 23/10, 24 cases (72.7%) were ALK+ and 9 ones (27.3%) ALK-. Of them, 25 patients (19 ALK+ and 6 ALK-) underwent auto-HSCT and 8 cases (5 ALK+ and 3ALK-) allo-HSCT with a median follow-up of 18.7 (4.0-150.0) months. Disease states before HSCT were as follows: only 6 patients achieved CR status and received auto-HSCT, 16 patients achieved PR (14 cases by auto-HSCT and 2 ones allo-HSCT) , the rest 11 cases were refractory/relapse (5 cases by auto-HSCT and 6 ones allo-HSCT) . There were 7 cases died of disease progression (5 after auto-HSCT and 2 allo-HSCT) and 5 cases treatment-related mortality (TRM) (2 after auto-HSCT and 3 allo-HSCT) , TRM of two groups were 8.0% and 37.5%, respectively. Both the median progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were 15 months after auto-HSCT, the median PFS and OS after allo-HSCT were 3.7 (1.0-90.0) and 4.6 (1.0-90.0) months, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of survival curves between the two groups (OS and PFS, P=0.247 and P=0.317) . The 2-year OS rates in auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT groups were 72% and 50%, respectively. The 5-year OS rates in auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT groups were 36% and 25%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#ALCL treated by chemotherapy produced high rates of overall and complete responses. Chemotherapy followed by auto-HSCT remained to be good choice for patients with poor prognostic factors. High-risk patients should be considered more beneficial from allo-HSCT.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of HOXC8 in esophageal cancer and its possible signaling pathway.Methods:The RNA-Seq data of mRNA expression and clinical prognosis data of esophageal cancer dataset were downloaded and preprocessed from the TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database. The differentially expressed genes were analyzed, and the volcano map and heat map were drawn to visualize the screened differentially expressed genes. The patients with esophageal cancer were divided into high expression group and low expression group based on the median of HOXC8 expression, and survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier method. GSEA 4.0.1 software was used for gene set enrichment analysis, and graphic analysis of multi-GSEA enrichment analysis was performed at the same time.Results:After differential expression analysis of mRNA expression data of 161 esophageal cancer tissues and 11 paracancerous tissues, 3 454 differentially expressed genes were screened, including 2 317 up-regulated genes and 1 137 down-regulated genes. The results of cluster analysis showed that differential expression can effectively distinguish esophageal cancer from adjacent tissues, indicating that the above differential expression results had good accuracy. Difference analysis and paired difference analysis showed that HOXC8 was significantly overexpressed in esophageal cancer, and the differences with tissues adjacent to cancer were statistically significant ( t=5.333, P<0.001; t=3.101, P=0.007). After removing samples with a survival time of less than 30 days, a total of 107 samples were used. The results showed that patients with high expression of HOXC8 ( n=54) had a worse prognosis, with a median survival time of 553 days (95% CI: 396-710), and the median survival time of patients with low expression of HOXC8 ( n=53) was 784 days (95% CI: 62-1 506), with a statistically significant difference ( χ2=4.153, P=0.042), suggesting that HOXC8 was an oncogene. The results of GSEA analysis showed that the samples with high expression of HOXC8 enriched the cell cycle, spliceosome and other related gene sets, while the samples with low expression of HOXC8 enriched the phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway and other related gene sets. Conclusion:HOXC8 is significantly overexpressed in esophageal cancer, and patients with high expression of HOXC8 have a worse prognosis. It may regulate the occurrence and development of esophageal cancer through the involvement of cell cycle, spliceosome, phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway and other signaling pathways.

10.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E712-E717, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862332

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of different model scopes on acetabular stress distribution and optimal osteotomy result in preoperative planning of Bernese acetabular osteotomy. Methods Two patients with hip dysplasia were established according to different model ranges. Model 1 included the affected hip and femur, and Model 2 included the complete pelvis and affected femur. Compare and analyze the acetabular cartilage contact pressure, area and distribution of the two models under single-leg standing conditions, and simulate osteotomy. Results Compared with Model 1 before surgery, Model 2 had higher contact pressure, smaller contact area and closer distribution to the meniscus edge of acetabulum. Compared with 11 postoperative plans, the variation amplitude of contact pressure and the optimal osteotomy angle for Model 1 were all smaller than those of Model 2. Conclusions The preoperative analysis result of the model with affected hip bone and femur would underestimate the degree of stress concentration and misjudge the location of stress concentration, and the obtained optimal osteotomy rotation angle would be relatively small. The research findings provide certain theoretical basis for preoperative planning and modeling of osteotomy.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2061-2070, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826420

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of oral contrast agents (OCAs) on dosimetry have not been studied in detail. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the influence of OCAs on dose calculation in volumetric-modulated arc therapy plans for rectal cancer.@*METHODS@#From 2008 to 2016, computed tomography (CT) images were obtained from 33 rectal cancer patients administered OCA with or without intravenous contrast agent (ICA) and 14 patients who received no contrast agent. CT numbers of organs at risk were recorded and converted to electronic densities. Volumetric-modulated arc therapy plans were designed before and after the original densities were replaced with non-enhanced densities. Doses to the planned target volume (PTV) and organs at risk were compared between the plans.@*RESULTS@#OCA significantly increased the mean and maximum densities of the bowels, while the effects of ICA on these parameters depended on the blood supply of the organs. With OCA, the actual doses for PTV were significantly higher than planned and doses to the bowel increased significantly although moderately. However, the increase in the volume receiving a high-range doses was substantial (the absolute change of intestine volume receiving ≥52 Gy: 1.46 [0.05-3.99, cubic centimeter range: -6.74 to 128.12], the absolute change of colon volume receiving ≥50 Gy: 0.34 [0.01-1.53 cc, range: -0.08 to 3.80 cc]. Dose changes due to ICA were insignificant. Pearson correlation showed that dose changes were significantly correlated with a high intestinal volume within or near the PTV (ρ > 0.5, P  0.3, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Contrast agents applied in simulation cause underestimation of doses in actual treatment. The overdose due to ICA was slight, while that due to OCA was moderate. The bowel volume receiving ≥50Gy was dramatically increased when OCA within the bowel was absent. Physicians should be aware of these issues if the original plan is barely within clinical tolerance or if a considerable volume of enhanced intestine is within or near the PTV.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787570

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analysis the clinical characteristics and experiences in diagnosis and treatment of the patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 28 patients with NCP in Nanning Fourth People's Hospital from January 22 to February 5 in 2020 were collected. The clinical manifestations, epidemiological history, laboratory tests, imaging examinations and treatments of patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#The 28 patients with confirmed viral pneumonia included 11 males and 17 females, ranging from 11 to 68 years. They all had history of epidemiological exposure and were all positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in throat swabs. There were one mild case, 25 ordinary cases and two severe cases. There were four groups of family clusters. The illness onset ranged from 1 to 12 days after exposure, and the time from the symptom onset to the positive result of the nucleic acid test was 0 to 13 days. The clinical symptoms were mainly fever and cough, which progressed rapidly in a short period of time. Since the onset of illness, the peak values of axillary temperature of the 28 patients were 36.6~39.5 ℃, while five patients had no fever throughout the course of the disease with the peak temperature of ≤37 ℃. There were two patients presented with decreased white blood cell counts, five patients with elevated C reactive protein, six patients with abnormal alanine aminotransferase, three patients with abnormal aspartate aminotransferase,10 patients with elevated creatine kinase, three patients with elevated creatine kinase isoenzyme, four patients with elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and all with normal procalcitonin levels. The chest computed tomography examinations showed that the common features were ground glass shadows (21 cases), blurred edges (18 cases), speckles and patchy shadows (17 cases), thickening and disorder of some lung textures (7 cases), and visible band shadows (7 cases). Pulmonary lesions often progressed rapidly. One 11-year-old child was treated with alpha-interferon alone, and 27 patients were treated with alpha-interferon inhalation plus lopinavir/ritonavir with 4 withdrawal due to adverse reactions. Up to February 12, nine patients had been discharged from the hospital, who were ordinary cases, without death cases.@*Conclusions@#The NCP patients mostly present with fever and cough. Pulmonary lesions often progress rapidly. Respiratory pathogen testing should be conducted as early as possible and repeatedly. Disisolation should be cautious for suspected people who are negative for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in pharynx swabs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and experiences in diagnosis and treatment of the patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP).Methods:Clinical data of 28 patients with NCP in the Fourth People′s Hospital of Nanning from January 22 to February 5 in 2020 were collected. The clinical manifestations, epidemiological history, laboratory tests, imaging examinations and treatments of patients were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The 28 patients with NCP included one mild case, 25 ordinary cases and two severe cases. They were all positive for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) nucleic acid in throat swabs. There were four groups of family clusters. The clinical symptoms were mainly fever and cough, which progressed rapidly in a short period of time. Since the onset of illness, the peak values of axillary temperature of the 28 patients were 36.6 ℃ to 39.5 ℃, while five patients had no fever throughout the course of the disease with the peak temperature ≤37.0 ℃. The illness onset ranged from 1 to 12 days after exposure, and the time from the symptom onset to the positive results of the nucleic acid tests was 0 to 13 days. There were two patients presented with decreased white blood cell counts, five patients with elevated C reactive protein, six patients with abnormal alanine aminotransferase, three patients with abnormal aspartate aminotransferase, 10 patients with elevated creatine kinase, three patients with elevated creatine kinase isoenzyme, four patients with elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and all with normal procalcitonin levels. The chest computed tomography examinations showed that the common features of patients with NCP were ground glass shadows (21 cases), blurred edges (18 cases), speckles and patchy shadows (17 cases), thickening and disorder of some lung textures (seven cases), and visible band shadows (seven cases). Pulmonary lesions often progressed rapidly. A included 11-year-old child was treated with alpha-interferon alone. A total of 27 patients were treated with alpha-interferon inhalation and lopinavir/ritonavir, while four occured withdrawal due to adverse reactions. Up to February 12, nine patients had been cured and discharged who were all ordinary cases, without death cases.Conclusions:The NCP patients mostly present with fever and cough. Pulmonary lesions often progress rapidly. Respiratory pathogen testing should be conducted as early as possible and repeatedly. Disisolation should be cautious for suspected people who are negative for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid in pharynx swabs.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743358

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 in triple-negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) and its relationship with clinicopathological features and M2 tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Methods 72 cases of TNBC with clinical and pathological data were collected. The expression of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 in the carcinoma cells and the expression of CD68 and CD163 of the TAMs were detected by immunohistochemically and analyzed with image processing software. The relationship between the expressions of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 with clinicopathologic features and its correlation of the M2 state of TAMs was studied. Results Both the immunohistochemically staining scores of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 were higher in cancer tissues than that in breast tissues (P<0.001, P<0.001). The higher expression of CYP4 A11 was associated with tumor diameter increase (P<0.001), lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), higher clinical stage (P<0.001) and higher Ki-67 index (P=0.011). Both the positive rates of CD68 and CD163 in the high expression group of CYP4 A11 were higher than those in the low expression group of CYP4 A11 (P=0.021, P<0.001). The higher expression of CYP4 A22 was associated with lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), higher clinical stage (P=0.006), higher recurrence rate (P<0.001), and higher Ki-67 index (P=0.040).The positive rates of CD163 in the high expression group of CYP4 A22 was higher than that in the low expression group of CYP4 A22 (P<0.001). Conclusion Both the expression of CYP4 A11 and CYP4 A22 may be associated with M2 polarization state of TAMs, high proliferative activity and lymph node metastasis in the TNBC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844054

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prognostic factors of gastric neuroendocrine tumors and construct a visual scoring system. Methods: The clinical data of patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumors with complete follow-up data from 2004 to 2012 in the SEER database were analyzed. Kaplan-Miere survival curves were plotted, Log-rank test was used for single factor analysis, COX regression was used for multivariate analysis, and nomogram was used to visualize the COX regression scoring system. Results: Univariate analysis showed that gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, being multiple, tumor grade, TNM stage, tumor location, histological type, and surgery were risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumors. Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that gender, age, marital status, ethnicity, being multiple, tumor grade, N stage, M stage, and surgery were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with gastric neuroendocrine tumors. The predictive value of the 3, 5, and 10-year of prediction models was significantly higher than the prognostic value of the sixth edition of the AJCC TNM staging system, with significant difference (3-year: Z=13.178, P<0.000 1; 5-year: Z=11.462, P<0.000 1; 10-year: Z=4.298, P<0.000 1). Conclusion: Many related factors affect the prognosis of gastric neuroendocrine tumors. The visual nomogram drawn in this study can calculate the patient's 3-year, 5-year and 10-year survival rate according to the patient's score. The predictive value is obviously superior to that of the TNM staging system, which has important guiding significance for clinical work.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708217

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of downstaging and neoadjuvant reetal(NAR) score on the prognosis of patients with clinical stage Ⅲ middle-low rectal cancer undergoing preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods From 2006 to 2014,195 patients who were admitted to our hospital and diagnosed with clinical stage Ⅲ middle-low rectal cancer by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography were enrolled.All patients received preoperative radiotherapy with doses of 42-50.4 Gy (median:50 Gy,93.8% of patients received doses of ≥ 50 Gy) and concurrent chemotherapy with capecitabine ± oxaliplatin.Total mesorectal (R0) excision surgery was performed at 4-15 weeks (median:7 weeks) after concurrent chemoradiotherapy.The effects of downstaging (stage yp0-Ⅱ) and NAR score (calculated based on cT staging and ypT/N staging) on the prognosis were evaluated.The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed by log-rank test.Results In all the patients,the median follow-up time was 44 months (6.7-125.5 months);the 3-year DFS rate was 76.8%.Downstaging after preoperative chemoradiotherapy was a significant prognostic factor for the 3-year DFS (92.2% vs.56.8%,P=0.000).The median NAR score was 15.0(0-65.0) in all the patients.Patients with NAR scores of ≤ 15.0 had significantly improved 3-year DFS than those with NAR scores of>15.0(90.1% vs.57.0%,P=0.001).In patients with downstaging,those with NAR scores of ≤8.4 had significantly improved prognosis compared with those with NAR scores of> 8.4(95.1% vs.87.5%,P=0.022).Conclusions Patients with downstaging after preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy for stage c Ⅲ middle-low rectal cancer have satisfactory prognosis.The NAR score is an effective prognostic predictor.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701201

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the expression of long noncoding RNA TTTY 15 in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines and to explore its effect on the viability and invasion ability of osteosarcoma cell lines.METHODS:qPCR was used to detect the expression of TTTY15 in 11 cases of osteosarcoma and its adjacent tissues.The mRNA levels of TTTY15 in os-teosarcoma cell lines(143B,Saos2,MG-63,U2OS and HOS)and human osteoblast cell line hFOB1.19 were also tested. TTTY15 was down-regulated after transfected with small interfering RNA in MG-63 cells,the cell line with the highest level of TTTY15.The effect of TTTY15 knockdown on the viability of MG-63 cells was measured by CCK-8 assay.The cell cycle distribution was analyzed by flow cytometry.The effect of TTTY15 knockdown on the cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell assay.The levels of miR-216b-5p and FOXM1 mRNA were detected by qPCR, and the changes of the related proteins were determined by Western blot.RESULTS:Compared with the adjacent tissues,the expression of TTTY15 in-creased in the osteosarcoma tissues(P<0.01).Compared with the human osteoblast cell line,the expression of TTTY15 increased in the osteosarcoma cell lines(P<0.05), and the level of TTTY15 in the MG-63 cells was the highest(P<0.01).After knockdown of TTTY15 expression in the MG-63 cells,the cell viability was decreased(P<0.05),cell cycle progression was inhibited(P<0.01), and the cell invasion ability was decreased(P<0.01).The expression of miR-216b-5p was increased(P<0.01)and the expression of FOXM1 mRNA was decreased(P<0.01).The protein expres-sion of FOXM1,CDK4,cyclin D1,MMP-2 and N-cadherin was decreased,while the protein expression of E-cadherin was increased(P <0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of TTTY15 is increased in the osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines.The low expression of TTTY15 inhibits the cell viability and invasion ability of osteosarcoma cells.The possible mechanism is that the knockdown of TTTY 15 expression results in the increase in miR-216b-5p expression and the down-regulation of FOXM1 expression.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 460-464, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the impact of KIT D816 mutation on the salvage therapy in relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21) translocation. @*Method@#The characteristics of the first relapsed AML with t(8;21) translocation from 10 hospitals were retrospectively collected, complete remission (CR2) rate after one course salvage chemotherapy and the relationship between KIT mutation and CR2 rate was analyzed. @*Results@#68 cases were enrolled in this study, and 30 cases (44.1%) achieved CR2. All patients received KIT mutation detection, and KIT D816 mutation was identified in 26 cases. The KIT D816 positive group had significantly lower CR2 compared with non-KIT D816 group (23.1% vs 57.1%, χ2=7.559, P=0.006), and patients with longer CR1 duration achieved significantly higher CR2 than those with CR1 duration less than 12 months (74.1% vs 31.9%, χ2=9.192, P=0.002). KIT D816 mutation was tightly related to shorter CR1 duration. No significant difference of 2 years post relapse survival was observed between KIT D816 mutation and non-KIT D816 mutation group. @*Conclusion@#KIT D816 mutation at diagnosis was an adverse factor on the salvage therapy in relapsed AML with t(8;21) translocation, significantly related to shorter CR1 duration, and can be used for prediction of salvage therapy response. KIT D816 mutation could guide the decision-making of salvage therapy in relapsed AML with t(8;21) translocation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695056

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression of sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) and sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 4 (SIPR4) in triple negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) and to evaluate its correlation with the clinicopathologic features of TNBC. Methods 72 cases of tissue slides of TNBC were stained immunohistochemically and analyzed with image processing to calculate the S1PR1 and S1PR4 expression. Correlations of the S1PR1 and S1PR4 expression with the clinicopathologic features of TNBC were studied. Results Ki-67 index of high, moderate and low expression of the S1PR1 in TNBC were 48.89%, 36.11% and 26.48%, respectively. The difference among them was significance (P<0.001). Ki-67 index of high, moderate and low expression of the S1PR4 in TNBC were42.83%, 31.43% and 28.93%, respectively. The difference among them was significance (P = 0.007 ). The positive rate of lymph node of high, moderate and low expression of the SI PR1 in TNBC were 31.4%, 48.6% and 20.0%, respectively. The difference among them was significance (P = 0.012). The positive rate of lymph node of high, moderate and low expression of the S1PR4 in TNBC were 54.3%, 40.0% and 5.7%, respectively. The difference among them was significance (P=0.010). The CD68 positive rate of high, moderate and low expression of the S1PR1 in TNBC were 47.22%, 42.59% and31.48%, respectively. The difference among them was significance (P = 0.036). Both the difference of survive rate among high, moderate and low expression of the S1PR1 and S1PR4 were not significance (P = 0.209 and P =0.593 ). Conclusion High expression of S1PR1 and S1PR4 may contribute to the cellular proliferation and lymph node metastases in TNBC. The survive rate of TNBC maybe not related with both the S1PR1 and S1PR4 expression.

20.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 143-148, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694333

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the catalytic effect of ammonium salt solution on hydrogen production , and analyze the relationships between hydrogen concentration and oxygen concentration , oxidation-reduction potential , and pH in solution . Methods Magnesium and water reacted at different concentrations of NH4Cl, (NH4)2SO4, NH4HCO3,(NH4)2CO3, NaHCO3 and Na2SO3 in 40℃water bath for 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 hours, and above-mentioned four indicators of ammonium salt solution were measured after these reactions .Results The hydrogen concentration in the solution increased with the reaction time and the concentration of the ammonium salt solution .Oxygen concentration and oxidation-reduction potential decreased .The hydrogen concentration in the solution was significantly negatively correlated with the oxygen concentration (r=-0.984).pH increased with the hydrogen concentration in the ammonium salt solution .Conclusion The ammonium salt solution has a good catalytic effect on magnesium and water reaction .NH4Cl has the strongest catalytic effect under the same reaction conditions,followed by (NH4)2SO4, NH4HCO3 and (NH4)2CO3.Thus, this study can provide detailed data on hydrogen production in different solutions .

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