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1.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 680-687, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of thermobaric charge explosion simulated gas on long-term neurobehavior and hippocampal neurogenesis in rats.Methods:A total of 48 male SPF grade SD rats aged 8-10 weeks were randomly divided into control group, 5 min exposure group, 10 min exposure group and 15 min exposure group, with 12 rats in each group. Twenty-eight days after inhalation of infection, the anxiety-like behavior of rats was evaluated by an elevated cross maze, and the learning and memory function of rats was evaluated by two-way active avoidance experiment. The number of positive cells of rat hippocampal dentate gyrus neural stem cells marker molecule neural epithelial cell protein (SOX2) and mature neuron marker molecular neuronal nuclei (NeuN) was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Western blot was used to detect SOX2 and NeuN protein expression in the hippocampal tissues of rats. GraphPad prism 8.0 software was used for data analysis.The comparison of repeated measurement design data was carried out by repeated measurement ANOVA.One-way ANOVA was used for inter group comparisons, and Tukey test was used for pairwise comparison. Hippocampal nerve cells were counted using the Image J software.Results:(1) The experimental results of the elevated cross maze showed that the percentage of arm opening and the percentage of open arm residence time in each group had significant group effects ( F=22.31, 5.43, all P<0.05). The percentage of open arm entry times of rats in the 5 min, 10 min and 15 min exposure group ((28.85±1.47)%, (15.04±4.69)%, (12.66±2.89)%) and the percentage of residence time in open arm ((12.12±2.64)%, (12.16±1.11)%, (8.73±3.52)%) were all lower than those of the control group ((65.40±1.86)%, (42.92±3.12)%) (all P<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in pairwise comparison among the three exposure groups (all P>0.05). (2)During the memory acquisition period, the results of repeated-ANOVA showed that the time main effect ( F=56.46), the group main effect ( F=16.64) and the interaction effect had significant differences( F=4.21)(all P<0. 05). The difference values of active avoidance number between the 4th day and 1st day among the four groups were significant different ( F=68.63, P<0.05). During the memory reproduction period, there were significant differences in active avoidance number and active avoidance time among the four groups ( F=8.17, 8.28, both P<0.05). The active avoidance numbers in 10 min and 15 min exposure groups((2.50±0.26) times, (2.33±0.06) times)were significantly lower than those in the control group ((8.33±3.72) times) (both P<0.05), and the active avoidance time ((6.25±0.40)s, (6.61±1.63)s) were significantly higher than those in the control group((3.69±1.41)s) (both P<0.05). The active avoidance numbers in 10 min and 15 min exposure groups were significantly lower than that in 5 min exposure group (both P<0.05). (3) The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that the numbers of SOX2-positive cells in the four groups were statistically significant ( F=5.33, P<0.05). The SOX2-positive cells in 15 min exposure group (4.33±1.12) was significantly lower than that in control group (7.67±1.52) ( P<0.05). The numbers of NeuN-positive cells in the four groups were significantly different ( F=11.06, P<0.05), and the NeuN-positive cells in the 10 min and 15 min exposure groups((105.67±8.50), (88.33±9.50)) were significantly lower than that in the control group (127.00±6.56) ( P<0.05). The NeuN-positive cells in 15 min exposure group were significantly lower than that in 5 min exposure group (110.67±8.32) ( P<0.05). (4) Western blot results showed that the relative expression of SOX2 and NeuN proteins in the four groups was statistically significant ( F=11.560, 7.035, both P<0.05). The relative expression of SOX2 and NeuN proteins in the 15 min exposure group were significantly lower than those in control group (both P<0.05). The relative expression of SOX2 protein in 15 min exposure group was significantly lower than that in 5 min exposure group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Acute exposure to warm pressure charge explosion simulated gas can lead to anxiety-like behavior, learning and memory deficits in rats, and significantly reduce the protein expression levels of hippocampal dentate gyrus neural stem cells and mature neuronal marker molecules SOX2 and NeuN.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 238-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992010

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of the maximum aggregation rate (MAR) of platelet for septic shock and septic shock with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).Methods:A retrospective case-control study enrolled patients with sepsis admitted to department of critical care medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2021 to November 2022. The basic data, dynamic platelet aggregation rate, blood routine, inflammation indicators, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and other clinical indicators within 24 hours after admission were collected. Septic patients were divided into the shock group and the non-shock group according to the presence of septic shock; then refer to the International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis (ISTH) standard, patients with septic shock were divided into the shock DIC group and the shock non-DIC group according to the presence of dominant DIC. Compared the differences in platelet aggregation function between these groups, and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of the MAR for septic shock and septic shock with DIC. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation of MAR with inflammation indicators and the severity of illness in patients with sepsis.Results:A total of 153 sepsis patients were included and 61 with septic shock (including 17 with dominant DIC and 44 without dominant DIC). Compared with the non-shock group, the level of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and SOFA score were significantly higher in the shock group [PCT (mg/L): 6.90 (2.50, 23.50) vs. 0.87 (0.26, 5.75), CRP (mg/L): 156.48 (67.11, 230.84) vs. 90.39 (46.43, 182.76), SOFA score: 11.00 (8.00, 14.00) vs. 5.00 (3.00, 8.00), all P < 0.05]. The platelet count (PLT) and the MAR induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adrenaline (A), collagen (COL), and arachidonic acid (AA; ADP-MAR, A-MAR, COL-MAR, AA-MAR) in the shock group were significantly decreased [PLT (×10 9/L): 101.00 (49.00, 163.50) vs. 175.50 (108.25, 254.50), ADP-MAR: 28.50% (22.00%, 38.05%) vs. 45.90% (33.98%, 60.28%), A-MAR: 38.90% (30.00%, 55.40%) vs. 65.15% (54.38%, 72.53%), COL-MAR: 27.90% (20.85%, 36.55%) vs. 42.95% (33.73%, 54.08%), AA-MAR: 24.70% (16.40%, 34.20%) vs. 46.55% (28.33%, 59.20%), all P < 0.05]. Subgroup analysis revealed that, compared with the shock non-DIC group, the SOFA scores were significantly higher in patients in the shock DIC group (13.29±5.23 vs. 10.39±3.58, P < 0.05), the PLT and COL-MAR in the shock DIC group were significantly reduced [PLT (×10 9/L): 36.00 (22.00, 67.50) vs. 115.50 (84.25, 203.75), COL-MAR: 21.50% (17.85%, 32.60%) vs. 30.95% (22.98%, 38.53%), all P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that A-MAR had a higher predictive value for septic shock, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.814 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.742-0.886, P = 0.000]. When the optimal cut-off value was 51.35%, the sensitivity was 68.9%, the specificity was 82.6%, the positive predictive value was 0.724 and the negative predictive value was 0.800. COL-MAR had some predictive value for septic shock with DIC, and the AUC was 0.668 (95% CI was 0.513-0.823, P = 0.044). When the optimal cut-off value was 21.90%, the sensitivity was 52.9%, the specificity was 79.5%, the positive predictive value was 0.500, and the negative predictive value was 0.813. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the MAR induced by each inducer was negatively correlated with inflammatory indicators and SOFA scores in sepsis patients, with A-MAR showing the strongest correlation with SOFA score ( r = -0.327, P = 0.000). Conclusions:MAR, an indicator of platelet aggregation function, shows predictive value for septic shock and septic shock with DIC, and it could be used to for evaluating the severity of patients with sepsis. In addition, tt alsocan be used as a monitoring index to predict the changes of sepsis patients and to guide the treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 351-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995297

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the immunogenicity of a quadrivalent subunit vaccine combined with RFH01 adjuvant in a mouse model.Methods:Identification tests were performed on four monovalent influenza virus subunit vaccine stock solutions according to the methods described in Part 3 of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 Edition. In the study of the quadrivalent subunit vaccine combined with RFH01 adjuvant, 460 female BALB/c mice (6-8 weeks old) were randomly divided into 46 groups including experimental groups, vaccine control group, negative control group and blank group with 10 mice in each group. In the study of the quadrivalent subunit vaccine in old and young mice, 80 female 10-month-old and 80 female 10-week-old BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 16 groups ( n=10) including monovalent influenza virus vaccine group, quadrivalent subunit vaccine group, quadrivalent subunit vaccine+ RFH01 adjuvant group, chicken embryo quadrivalent split vaccine control group and PBS group. All mice were immunized by intramuscular injection. At 21 d after the primary immunization, a booster immunization was conducted using the same strategy. Blood samples were collected at 21 d and 42 d after the primary immunization for serum separation. Haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test was performed to detect the antibody levels in mouse serum samples. Results:After the booster immunization, the positive conversion rates in all vaccine+ RFH01 adjuvant groups reached 100%, and the geometric mean titers (GMTs) of serum antibodies were significantly higher than those of the vaccine groups without RFH01 adjuvant. There were significant differences in serum antibody titers between the monovalent/quadrivalent subunit vaccine groups with and without RFH01 adjuvant. After the booster immunization, the titers of serum antibodies against H1N1, H3N2, B/Victoria and B/Yamagata in the 10-week-old mice were significantly higher than those in the 10-month-old mice.Conclusions:The monovalent and quadrivalent influenza virus vaccines in combination with RFH01 adjuvant could elicit higher antibody titers in young (6-10 weeks old) and old (10 months old) mice, showing good immunogenicity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 137-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a recombinant hemagglutinin trimer (HA-Tri) vaccine against influenza viruses and to study its immunogenicity in a mouse model.Methods:A stable CHO cell line that could express HA-Tri was constructed. Western blot, single radial immunodiffusion, protein particle size detection and N-glycosylation site analysis were performed for qualitative and quantitative analysis of the recombinant protein. According to the different treatment conditions such as dosage and adjuvant, BALB/c mice were divided into 11 groups and subjected to consistent immunization procedures. Serum neutralizing antibody titers were measured on 56 d after the first immunization to evaluate the immunogenicity of HA-Tri.Results:The constructed CHO cells could secret and express HA-Tri proteins. The HA-Tri proteins were biologically active and capable of forming precipitation rings in the single radial immunodiffusion. The particle size of HA-Tri was approximately 18.79 nm and 10 N-glycosylation sites were detected, including high mannose, complex glycoforms and heterozygous glycoforms. After prime-boost immunization, there was no statistically significant difference in the titers of neutralizing antibodies induced in mice by 3.75 μg of HA-Tri in combination with RFH01 adjuvant and 15 μg of monovalent vaccine stock solution ( P=0.431 2, U=36). Serum antibody titers in the HA-Tri+ RFH01 groups were higher than those in the corresponding HA-Tri groups without RFH01 adjuvant, and the highest titer was induced in the 15 μg HA-Tri+ RFH01 group, which was 1 280. Conclusions:The recombinant HA-Tri protein was successfully prepared. HA-Tri in combination with RFH01 adjuvant could induce humoral immune responses against influenza viruses in BALB/c mice, which would provide reference for the development of influenza virus recombinant subunit vaccines.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 47-54, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of poly(A) tails with different lengths on mRNA expression in vitro and the passage stability of transcription template with poly (A) tail in Escherichia coli ( E. coli). Methods:Plasmids with poly(A) tails of 38, 60, 103, 125 and 126 (60 nt+ 6 nt spacer+ 60 nt) nt were designed and constructed. Then the plasmids were linearized by single enzyme digestion and used as transcription template for preparing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-mRNA. EGFP-mRNA containing poly(A) tails of different lengths were transfected into 293T cells and the expression of EGFP was detected by flow cytometry. As to stability test, the template plasmids with poly (A) tail of 125 and 126 nt were transformed into E. coli TransStbl3 and Top10 competent cells. Seven clones were selected for culture and plasmid extraction, and then the plasmids were digested by restriction enzyme and detected by capillary electrophoresis. For passage stability, three correctly sequenced clones of each group were selected for continuous passage at 37℃, and the plasmids were extracted and digested every two generations for capillary electrophoresis. At the same time, the correctly sequenced clones of 125 nt group were also passaged at 30℃, and the plasmids were also extracted and digested every two generations for capillary electrophoresis. Results:The transcription templates with poly(A) tail of different lengths were successfully constructed. Flow cytometry showed that the fluorescence expression of the template plasmids with poly (A) tail of 103 and 125 nt were significantly higher than that of 38 and 60 nt. The fluorescence expression of the plasmid with poly (A) tail of 126 nt was significantly higher than that of all other groups. The percentages of stable sequences of the template plasmid with poly(A) tail of 125 nt in TransStbl3 and Top10 competent cells were 76% and 91%, respectively. The results of continuous passage showed that poly(A) tail of 125 nt could be stable to the 4th generation at 37℃ in both TransStbl3 and Top10 competent cells, and stable to the 16th and 10th generations at 30℃. The percentages of stable sequences of the template plasmid with poly(A) tail of 126 nt in TransStbl3 and Top10 competent cells were 95% and 48%, respectively. The results of continuous passage showed that poly(A) tail of 126 nt could be stable to the 12th generation at 37℃ in both TransStbl3 and Top10 competent cells.Conclusions:The length and composition of poly(A) tail in mRNA affected the expression of target protein. Adding a spacer with a length of 6 nt to poly(A) tail and low temperature culture were both helpful to improve the stability of the template plasmid, which provided a reference for the design and preparation of in vitro transcription template of mRNA vaccine.

6.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 209-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964935

ABSTRACT

Background Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is a common plasticizer in daily life and has been proved to be related to the exacerbation of allergic asthma. Domestic and foreign studies have shown that lipid peroxidation is closely related to the severity of asthma, which can be used as a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of asthma. Whether DBP can induce lipid peroxidation in allergic asthma remains to be further studied. Objective To investigate whether DBP aggravates allergic asthma by inducing lipid peroxidation in allergic asthma mice. Methods Eighty male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely control group, DBP group (40 mg·kg−1), 50 μg ovalbumin (OVA) group (allergic asthma model group), and DBP+OVA group. The DBP group and the DBP+OVA group were given DBP by gavage from Day 1 to 28, and the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection of OVA, once every 3 d, a total of 5 injections, from Day 9 to 21. From Day 29 to 35, the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were challenged by OVA atomization. After the exposure, samples of blood and lung were collected. The airway hyperresponsiveness of mice was observed by lung function analysis. The serum contents of immunoglobulin E (IgE), OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (OVA-IgE), and lung homogenate levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to evaluate airway allergic inflammation. The pathological changes of lung tissues were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and collagen fiber (Masson) staining. The contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid ROS, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) in lung homogenates were detected by ELISA to evaluate lipid peroxidation. Results The results of lung function analysis showed that compared with the control group, the inspiratory resistance (Ri) and expiratory resistance (Re) of the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were increased, and the lung compliance (Cldyn) was decreased. The DBP + OVA group was more severe, and the difference between the OVA group and the DBP + OVA group was statistically significant (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the contents of IgE, OVA-IgE, and IL-4 in the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group were increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), which indicated more severe allergic airway inflammation. The HE sections of the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group showed inflammatory cell infiltration around the airway, airway wall hyperplasia and thickening, and severe airway deformation, and the presentation of the DBP+OVA group was the most serious. After Masson staining, the OVA group and the DBP+OVA group showed depositions of a large number of collagen fibers, and the blue collagen fibrosis in the DBP+OVA group was even more serious. ROS, lipid ROS, MDA, and 4-HNE levels increased and GSH and GPX4 levels decreased in the OVA and DBP+OVA groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01), with the most severe effect in the DBP+OVA group. Conclusion DBP may induce lipid peroxidation in mice allergic asthma by producing excessive ROS which may aggravate the allergic asthma in mice.

7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 302-307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of children with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) secondary to epidemic encephalitis B (EEB).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of five children with EEB with "bipolar course" who were treated in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to June 2022.@*RESULTS@#Among the five children, there were three boys and two girls, with a median age of onset of 7 years (range 3 years 9 months to 12 years) and a median time of 32 (range 25-37) days from the onset of EEB to the appearance of AE symptoms. The main symptoms in the AE stage included dyskinesia (5/5), low-grade fever (4/5), mental and behavioral disorders (4/5), convulsion (2/5), severe disturbance of consciousness (2/5), and limb weakness (1/5). Compared with the results of cranial MRI in the acute phase of EEB, the lesions were enlarged in 3 children and unchanged in 2 children showed on cranial MRI in the AE stage. In the AE stage, four children were positive for anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibody (one was also positive for anti-γ-aminobutyric acid type B receptor antibody), and one was negative for all AE antibodies. All five children in the AE stage responded to immunotherapy and were followed up for 3 months, among whom one almost recovered and four still had neurological dysfunction.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EEB can induce AE, with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis as the most common disease. The symptoms in the AE stage are similar to those of classical anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. Immunotherapy is effective for children with AE secondary to EEB, and the prognosis might be related to neurological dysfunction in the acute phase of EEB.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant, Newborn , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis , Retrospective Studies , Hashimoto Disease/therapy , Encephalitis, Arbovirus
8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 422-429, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the perceived exercise benefits and barriers and their association with physical activity time in Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 9-18 years. Methods: Data were extracted from the 2019 Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health and a total of 163 656 children and adolescents aged 9-18 years in Han ethnic group were included in the analysis. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare the perceived exercise benefits score, perceived exercise barriers score and perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio in the children and adolescents with different demographic characteristics and physical activity time. The differences in physical activity time in subgroups were compared with χ2 tests. log-binomial regression model was used to evaluate the association between physical activity time and perceived exercise benefits and barriers. Results: The M (Q1,Q3) of the perceived exercise benefits score, perceived exercise barriers score, and perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio in the children and adolescents were 4.11 (3.78, 4.78), 2.70 (2.10, 3.20) and 1.55 (1.22, 2.07), respectively. Children and adolescents living in urban area, boys, those at younger age and those with physical activity time ≥1 hour had higher perceived exercise benefits score and perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio, but lower perceived exercise barriers score (all P<0.001). The prevalence of physical activity time ≥1 hour was 41.4% in the children and adolescents. In the log-binomial model with two variables of perceived exercise benefits score and perceived exercise barriers score, for each 1-point increase in the perceived exercise benefits, the possibility of physical activity time ≥1 hour increased by 11% (OR=1.11, 95%CI: 1.10-1.12), and for each 1-point increase in the perceived exercise barriers, the possibility of physical activity time ≥1 hour decreased by 15% (OR=0.85, 95%CI: 0.84-0.85). In the log-binomial model with variable of perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio, for each 1-point increase in the perceived exercise benefits to barriers ratio, the possibility of physical activity time ≥1 hour increased by 12% (OR=1.12, 95%CI: 1.11-1.12). Conclusion: The perceived exercise benefits and barriers are significantly associated with physical activity time in children and adolescents in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Male , Female , Asian People , China , Ethnicity , Exercise , Students
9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 20-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969889

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trend of the detection rate of myopia among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019 were used, and about 213 833, 212 742 and 209 942 Han students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. The χ² test was used to compare the differences in the prevalence of myopia among the subgroups in the survey year, and logistic regression was used to compare the differences in the prevalence of myopia between different years. A curve-fitting method was used to obtain the growth rate of myopia among Han Chinese students from 2010 to 2019, and the differences in the change of myopia between different age groups were analyzed. Results: In 2019, the overall detection rate of myopia among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 was 60.1%. The detection rate of urban students (62.7%) was higher than that of rural students (57.4%) and the detection rate of girls (63.5%) was higher than that of boys (56.7%). In 2019, the regional disparities were large in the detection rate of myopia in various provinces, with the lowest in Guizhou (49.6%) and the highest in Zhejiang (71.3%). The detection rate of myopia showed an upward trend from 2010 to 2019, from 55.5% in 2010 to 57.1% in 2014, and finally to 60.1% in 2019. The gap in the detection rate of myopia between urban and rural children and adolescents gradually shrank. The average annual growth rate of myopia detection rate from 2014 to 2019 was 0.6 percentage points per year, higher than that from 2010 to 2014 about 0.4 percentage points per year. The peak age of the growth rate of myopia detection rate decreased from 12 years in 2010 to 10 years in 2014, and finally to 7 years in 2019. Conclusions: The detection rate of myopia among Chinese Han children and adolescents is still at a high level, and the peak age of the growth rate of myopia detection rate continues to advance.

10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 27-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence trend of malnutrition among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Based on the data from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019, about 215 102, 214 268 and 212 713 Han students aged 7-18 years were included in this study. According to the National Screening Standard for Malnutrition of School-age Children and Adolescents, the detection rate of malnutrition among Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7-18 was calculated, and the prevalence trend of malnutrition from 2010 to 2019 was analyzed. Results: In 2019, the detection rate of malnutrition among Chinese Han students aged 7-18 years was 8.64% (18 381/212 713), of which the rate of growth retardation, moderate-to-severe wasting and mild wasting was 0.50% (1 062/212 713), 3.25% (6 914/212 713) and 4.89% (10 405/212 713), respectively. In 2019, the detection rate of malnutrition in these boys was higher than that of girls (9.97% vs. 7.31%), and the detection rate in rural areas was higher than that in cities (9.30% vs. 7.98%). The detection rates were 9.74% (5 252/53 916), 8.17% (4 408/53 937), 7.29% (3 885/53 310), and 9.38% (4 836/51 550) in 7-9, 10-12, 13-15, and 16-18 years groups, and 8.14% (6 563/80 618), 7.61% (4 237/55 694) and 9.92% (7 581/76 401) in the eastern, central, and western regions. Malnutrition among students in China was mainly caused by mild wasting, and the detection rate of growth retardation accounted for only 5.78% (1 062/18 381). Malnutrition was mostly concentrated in the southwest region, and the rate was relatively low in eastern provinces. In three surveys from 2010 to 2019, the detection rate of malnutrition among Han students aged 7-18 in China decreased gradually, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Among them, the detection rates in western rural areas decreased significantly, as well as the gap between urban and rural areas. Compared with that in 2014, the detection rate of malnutrition in Shandong, Hunan, Qinghai and Hainan provinces in 2019 decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: In 2019, the malnutrition of Chinese children and adolescents aged 7-18 years is dominated by wasting malnutrition. The detection rate shows a downward trend from 2010 to 2019, with regional differences.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 42-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969885

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the long-term trend of the age of spermarche among Chinese Han boys aged 11 to 18 from 2010 to 2019 and its association with nutritional status. Methods: The data from Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019 were used. The age, residence and spermarche of the participants were collected by questionnaire, and their height and weight were measured. A total of 184 633 Han boys aged 11‒18 years with complete data on spermarche, height, and weight were included in this study. The probability regression method was used to calculate the median age (95%CI) at spermarche in different areas, and the trend of age at spermarche in different groups was compared. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the association between nutritional status and spermarche of Chinese Han boys aged 11‒18 years. Results: The median age of spermarche (95%CI) was 13.85 (13.45-14.22) years old among Chinese Han boys aged 11‒18 years in 2019, with 0.18 years earlier than that in 2010. The median age at spermarche in urban and rural boys was 13.89 and 13.81 years, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the age at spermarche in urban and rural boys was 0.08 and 0.27 years earlier, respectively. After adjusting for age, province and urban/rural areas, compared with normal weight, spermarche was negatively associated with wasting and positively associated with overweight and obesity, with OR (95%CI) about 0.73 (0.67-0.80), 1.09 (1.02-1.17) and 1.09 (1.01-1.18), respectively. Conclusion: The age of spermarche generally shows an advanced trend among Chinese Han boys and is associated with nutritional status.

12.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 49-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969884

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence trend of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 years in China from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Students aged 7-17 years were selected from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 2010 to 2019. High normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure were determined according to the "Reference of screening for elevated blood pressure among children and adolescents aged 7-18 years" (WS/T 610-2018). The Chi-square test was performed to determine whether there was a difference in the prevalence of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure by gender, residence and age group. Results: In 2019, the prevalence of high normal blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 7-17 years was 15.3% (29 855/195 625), which was higher in boys (20.2%, 19 779/97 847) and rural areas (15.4%, 15 066/97 567) than that in girls (10.3%, 10 076/97 778) and urban areas (15.1%, 14 789/98 058), respectively (all P<0.05). The prevalence of elevated blood pressure was 13.0% (25 377/195 625), which was higher in girls (13.2%, 12 925/97 778) and rural areas (14.1%, 13 753/97 567) than that in boys (12.7%, 12 452/97 847) and urban areas (11.9%, 11 624/98 058) (all P<0.05). From 2010 to 2019, the prevalence of high normal blood pressure showed an increasing trend, with an annual average growth rate from 1.14% to 3.18%. The overall prevalence of elevated blood pressure also showed an increasing trend from 2010 to 2019 but decreased in 2014. The annual average growth rate of elevated blood pressure was-1.07% from 2010 to 2014 and 9.33% from 2014 to 2019. About 17 provinces had an increasing trend in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 2010 to 2014, and 22 provinces with an increasing trend from 2014 to 2019. There were obvious regional differences in the annual average growth rate of the prevalence of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure. The regions with the highest annual average growth rate of the prevalence of high normal blood pressure were the Northeast (5.47%) from 2010 to 2014 and the Western region (5.21%) from 2014 to 2019. For elevated blood pressure, the Northeast had the highest annual average growth rate from 2010 to 2014 (12.35%), while the Central (15.79%) and Western (12.87%) had the highest growth rate from 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: From 2010 to 2019, the prevalence of high normal blood pressure and elevated blood pressure in Chinese Han children and adolescents aged 7 to 17 shows an increasing trend, with regional disparities.

13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 36-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969883

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trends of the age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data were extracted from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019. A total of 253 037 Han girls aged 9 to 18 years with complete data on menarche were selected in this study. They were asked one-on-one about their menstrual status, age and residence information. The median age of menarche was estimated by probability regression. U tests were used to compare the difference in median age at menarche in different years. Results: The median age at menarche (95%CI) among Chinese Han girls was 12.47 (12.09-12.83) years in 2010, 12.17 (11.95-12.38) years in 2014 and 12.05 (10.82-13.08) years in 2019, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the median age at menarche in 2019 decreased by 0.42 years (U=-77.27, P<0.001). The annual average changes were-0.076 years from 2010 to 2014 (U=-57.19, P<0.001) and-0.023 years from 2014 to 2019 (U=-21.41, P<0.001), respectively. The average annual changes in urban areas in the periods of 2010 to 2014 and 2014 to 2019 were-0.071 years and 0.006 years, respectively, while those in rural areas were-0.082 years and-0.053 years, respectively. The average annual changes in the regions of north, northeast, east, south central, southwest and northwest were-0.064, -0.099, -0.091, -0.080, -0.096 and-0.041 years in the period of 2010 to 2014 and 0.001, -0.040, -0.002, -0.005, -0.043 and-0.081 years in the period of 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: The age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years shows an advanced trend from 2010 to 2019, and the trends in urban and rural areas and different regions have different characteristics.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 702-706, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982658

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of changes in peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in patients with sepsis in intensive care unit (ICU) and analyze their predictive value for prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of sepsis patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2020 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients met the diagnostic criteria of Sepsis-3 and were ≥ 18 years old. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from all patients on the next morning after admission to SICU for routine blood test and peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets. According to the 28-day survival, the patients were divided into two groups, and the differences in immune indexes between the two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of immune indexes that affect prognosis.@*RESULTS@#(1) A total of 279 patients with sepsis were enrolled in the experiment, of which 198 patients survived at 28 days (28-day survival rate 71.0%), and 81 patients died (28-day mortality 29.0%). There were no significant differences in age (years old: 57.81±1.71 vs. 54.99±1.05) and gender (male: 60.5% vs. 63.6%) between the death group and the survival group (both P > 0.05), and the baseline data was comparable.(2) Acute physiology and chronic health evalution II (APACHE II: 22.06±0.08 vs. 14.08±0.52, P < 0.001), neutrophil percentage [NEU%: (88.90±1.09)% vs. (84.12±0.77)%, P = 0.001], procalcitonin [PCT (μg/L): 11.97±2.73 vs. 5.76±1.08, P = 0.011], platelet distribution width (fL: 16.81±0.10 vs. 16.57±0.06, P = 0.029) were higher than those in the survival group, while lymphocyte percentage [LYM%: (6.98±0.78)% vs. (10.59±0.86)%, P = 0.012], lymphocyte count [LYM (×109/L): 0.70±0.06 vs. 0.98±0.49, P = 0.002], and platelet count [PLT (×109/L): 151.38±13.96 vs. 205.80±9.38, P = 0.002], and thrombocytocrit [(0.15±0.01)% vs. (0.19±0.07)%, P = 0.012] were lower than those in the survival group. (3) There was no statistically significant difference in the percentage of lymphocyte subsets between the death group and the survival group, but the absolute value of LYM (pieces/μL: 650.24±84.67 vs. 876.64±38.02, P = 0.005), CD3+ absolute value (pieces/μL: 445.30±57.33 vs. 606.84±29.25, P = 0.006), CD3+CD4+ absolute value (pieces/μL: 239.97±26.96 vs. 353.49±18.59, P = 0.001), CD19+ absolute value (pieces/μL: 111.10±18.66 vs. 150.30±10.15, P = 0.049) in the death group was lower than those in the survival group. Other lymphocyte subsets in the death group, such as CD3+CD8+ absolute value (pieces/μL: 172.40±24.34 vs. 211.22±11.95, P = 0.112), absolute value of natural killer cell [NK (pieces/μL): 101.26±18.15 vs. 114.72±7.64, P = 0.420], absolute value of natural killer T cell [NKT (pieces/μL): 33.22±5.13 vs. 39.43±2.85, P = 0.262], CD4-CD8- absolute value (pieces/μL: 41.07±11.07 vs. 48.84±3.31, P = 0.510), CD4+CD8+ absolute value (pieces/μL: 3.39±1.45 vs. 3.47±0.36, P = 0.943) were not significantly different from those in the survival group. (4)Logistic regression analysis showed that lymphocyte subsets were not selected as immune markers with statistical significance for the prognosis of sepsis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The changes of immune indexes in sepsis patients are closely related to their prognosis. Early monitoring of the above indexes can accurately evaluate the condition and prognosis of sepsis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sepsis/diagnosis , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Prognosis , Killer Cells, Natural
15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 610-614, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relevant clinical test indicators that affect the prognosis of patients with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP), and to provide a basis for early diagnosis and correct selection of treatment methods.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted. Clinical data of AFLP patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2010 to May 2021 were collected. According to the 28-day prognosis, the patients were divided into death group and survival group. The clinical data, laboratory examination indicators, and prognosis of the two groups were compared, and further binary Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients. At the same time, the values of related indicators at each time point (24, 48, 72 hours) after the start of treatment were recorded. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) of prothrombin time (PT) and international normalized ratio (INR) for evaluating the prognosis of patients at each time point was drawn, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the predictive value of relevant indicators at each time point for the prognosis of AFLP patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 64 AFLP patients were selected. The patients developed the AFLP during pregnancy (34.5±6.8) weeks, with 14 deaths (mortality of 21.9%) and 50 survivors (survival rate of 78.1%). There was no statistically significant difference in general clinical data between the two groups of patients, including age, time from onset to visit, time from visit to cessation of pregnancy, acute physiology and chronic health evaluations II (APACHE II), hospitalization time in ICU, and total hospitalization cost. However, the proportion of male fetuses and stillbirths in the death group was higher than that in the survival group. The laboratory examination indicators including the white blood cell count (WBC), alanine transaminase (ALT), serum creatinine (SCr), PT extension, INR elevation, and hyperammonia in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group (all P < 0.05). Through Logistic regression analysis of the above indicators showed that PT > 14 s and INR > 1.5 were risk factors affecting the prognosis of AFLP patients [PT > 14 s: odds ratio (OR) = 1.215, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.076-1.371, INR > 1.5: OR = 0.719, 95%CI was 0.624-0.829, both P < 0.01]. ROC curve analysis showed that both PT and INR at ICU admission and 24, 48, and 72 hours of treatment can evaluate the prognosis of AFLP patients [AUC and 95%CI of PT were 0.772 (0.599-0.945), 0.763 (0.608-0.918), 0.879 (0.795-0.963), and 0.957 (0.904-1.000), respectively; AUC and 95%CI of INR were 0.808 (0.650-0.966), 0.730 (0.564-0.896), 0.854 (0.761-0.947), and 0.952 (0.896-1.000), respectively; all P < 0.05], the AUC of PT and INR after 72 hours of treatment was the highest, with higher sensitivity (93.5%, 91.8%) and specificity (90.9%, 90.9%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AFLP often occurs in the middle and late stages of pregnancy, and the initial symptoms are mainly gastrointestinal symptoms. Once discovered, pregnancy should be terminated immediately. PT and INR are good indicators for evaluating AFLP patient efficacy and prognosis, and PT and INR are the best prognostic indicators after 72 hours of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Intensive Care Units , Sepsis/diagnosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984764

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trends of the age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years from 2010 to 2019. Methods: Data were extracted from the Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010, 2014 and 2019. A total of 253 037 Han girls aged 9 to 18 years with complete data on menarche were selected in this study. They were asked one-on-one about their menstrual status, age and residence information. The median age of menarche was estimated by probability regression. U tests were used to compare the difference in median age at menarche in different years. Results: The median age at menarche (95%CI) among Chinese Han girls was 12.47 (12.09-12.83) years in 2010, 12.17 (11.95-12.38) years in 2014 and 12.05 (10.82-13.08) years in 2019, respectively. Compared with that in 2010, the median age at menarche in 2019 decreased by 0.42 years (U=-77.27, P<0.001). The annual average changes were -0.076 years from 2010 to 2014 (U=-57.19, P<0.001) and -0.023 years from 2014 to 2019 (U=-21.41, P<0.001), respectively. The average annual changes in urban areas in the periods of 2010 to 2014 and 2014 to 2019 were -0.071 years and 0.006 years, respectively, while those in rural areas were -0.082 years and -0.053 years, respectively. The average annual changes in the regions of north, northeast, east, south central, southwest and northwest were -0.064, -0.099, -0.091, -0.080, -0.096 and -0.041 years in the period of 2010 to 2014 and 0.001, -0.040, -0.002, -0.005, -0.043 and -0.081 years in the period of 2014 to 2019. Conclusion: The age of menarche among Chinese Han girls aged 9 to 18 years shows an advanced trend from 2010 to 2019, and the trends in urban and rural areas and different regions have different characteristics.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Menarche , Probability , East Asian People
17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 857-864, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To express the head domain of influenza A virus hemagglutinin (HA) in a prokaryotic expression system and to evaluate its immunogenicity.Methods:The genes encoding the HA head domains of H1N1 and H3N2 influenza viruses were cloned into pET-22b(+ ) prokaryotic expression plasmid. After the induction with IPTG, the fusion proteins rH1N1-HA and rH3N2-HA containing HA head domain and His-tag were expressed and obtained from E. coli BL21. SDS-PAGE and Western blot was used to verify the expression of the recombinant proteins. Rabbits were immunized with multiple doses of the purified recombinant proteins to obtain polyclonal antibodies against the HA head domains of H1N1 and H3N2. The immunogenicity of the recombinant proteins was evaluated in BALB/c mice. Results:rH1N1-HA and rH3N2-HA induced protective antibodies (geometric mean titer ≥40) in mice and could be used as protective antigens. Polyclonal antibodies against rH1N1-HA and rH3N2-HA could be used as important materials for Western blot, ELISA and other immunological assays.Conclusions:The HA head domains prepared in this study could be used as protective antigens to induce protective antibodies in mice. Polyclonal antibodies against the HA head domains could be used for immunological and serological studies of influenza A viruses.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 136-140, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928682

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influencing factors of maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and nuclear antigen Ki-67 in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and their correlation.@*METHODS@#The relationship between SUVmax, Ki-67 and gender, age, maximum lesion diameter, extranodal involvement, superficial and deep lymph node involvement, malignancy, B symptoms, clinical stage, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and international prognostic index (IPI) scores and their correlation were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Among 185 NHL patients, 99 cases were aggressive B-cell NHL, 43 cases were indolent B-cell NHL, and 43 cases were T-cell NHL, respectively. Obviously, the SUVmax and Ki-67 of aggressive B-cell NHL were higher than those of indolent B-cell NHL and T-cell NHL (P<0.05), while indolent B-cell NHL were lower than those of T-cell NHL (P<0.05). SUVmax and Ki-67 were closely related to maximum lesion diameter, extranodal involvement, malignancy, LDH, and IPI scores (P<0.05). SUVmax was positively correlated with Ki-67 expression (r=0.615). According to the analysis of receiver operating characteristic (ROC), the results showed that the SUVmax and Ki-67 could reflect the aggressiveness of NHL accurately, with an AUC of 0.871 and 0.968.@*CONCLUSION@#SUVmax and Ki-67 are not affected by age, sex, B symptoms, clinical stage and so on, and are relatively objective quantitative parameters. SUVmax is positively correlated with Ki-67 expression in NHL. SUVmax and Ki-67 have certain value in clinical diagnosis of malignant degree of NHL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Ki-67 Antigen , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 334-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935289

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the trend of child and adolescent mortality rate in China from 2004 to 2018 and explore the possible policy effects. Methods: This study used the mortality data of child and adolescent aged 5 to 19 years from 2004 to 2018 based on the National Disease Surveillance System. Age-standardized mortality rate was calculated by using the population from the sixth national census. Joinpoint regression was used to analyze the trend of child and adolescent mortality with different features from 2004 to 2018. Results: From 2004 to 2018, the overall mortality rate of children and adolescents in China dropped from 40.02 per 100 000 to 22.00 per 100 000, and the average annual percentage change (AAPC) was -4.28 (95%CI:-5.35,-3.20,P<0.001). The mortality rate dropped rapidly from 2004 to 2006, and the annual percentage change (APC) was -9.20 (95%CI:-15.63,-2.28,P=0.017). The decline rate slowed down between 2006 and 2013, and the APC was -1.56 (95%CI:-2.78,-0.33,P=0.020). The downward trend accelerated from 2013 to 2018, and the APC was -5.99 (95%CI:-7.52,-4.43,P<0.001). The trend of child mortality rate in rural area, females, eastern provinces of China, children aged 10 to 14 years, children aged 15 to 19 years, and injury mortality rate were basically consistent with the overall trend. The child mortality rate in urban area, central provinces of China and the mortality rate of infectious diseases, maternal and infant, and nutritional deficiencies diseases showed a uniform downward trend from 2004 to 2018, with AAPC values about -3.59 (95%CI:-4.38,-2.78,P<0.001), -2.89 (95%CI:-3.24,-2.54,P<0.001) and -6.66 (95%CI:-7.64,-5.68,P<0.001), respectively. Conclusion: The mortality rate of children and adolescents aged 5 to 19 years in China continues to decline from 2004 to 2018, and the decline rate becomes faster after 2011.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Young Adult , Child Mortality , China/epidemiology , Mortality , Policy , Rural Population , Urban Population
20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 75-81, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935253

ABSTRACT

Overweight/obesity has become one of the major public health problems among children and adolescents all over the world. The current screening standards for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents are not unified. It is easy to make mistakes and inefficient to evaluate item by item or develop self-written packages. Taking the"Screening standards for overweight and obesity in Chinese school-age children and adolescents"as an example, this study introduced four methods and procedures for evaluating overweight and obesity among children and adolescents from the world and China and described their application methods in combination with specific cases. At the same time, the SPSS and SAS packages were compiled and the specific application steps were explained, so that users could correctly and quickly screen overweight and obesity among children and adolescents, and conduct horizontal comparisons of similar studies across different regions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Body Mass Index , China , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Prevalence
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