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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879067

ABSTRACT

Texture sensory attributes are the key items in quality control of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills. The purpose of this study is to develop a quality control method for assessing the texture sensory attributes of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills based on real-world Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin pilular masses and finished products. First, parameters of texture profile analysis(TPA) were optimized through single factor and central composite design(CCD) experiments to establish a detection method for texture sensory attri-butes of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. The results showed that the established detection method was stable and reliable, with the optimal parameters set up as follows: deformation percentage of 70%, detection speed at 30 mm·min~(-1), and interval time of 15 s. Furthermore, 540 data points yielded form six texture sensory attributes of pills from 30 batches were subjected to multivariate statistical process control(MSPC) with Hotelling T~2 and squared prediction error(SPE) control charts to establish the quality control method of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. This study is expected to provide a reference for improving the quality control system of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883262

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a rapidly progressive and highly malignancy of the digestive system. In recent years, the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer has been in a slow stage of development, and the 5-year survival rate of patients remains very low. The main objective of translational medicine is to remove the barriers between basic medical research and clinical medical applications, to achieve practical integration between laboratory and clinic, and to accelerate the translation of the results obtained from basic research into clinical diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of diseases, thus promoting the development of life sciences. With the rapid development of the concept and technology of translational medicine, its application in the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer can bring new hope for effectively improving the overall prognosis of patients. The authors comprehensively analyzed the latest research progress of translational medicine in the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer in order to improve the early diagnosis and long-term survival of pancreatic cancer patient.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 269-272, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of fiberoptic bronchoscopic lavage and sputum aspiration in preventing and treating pulmonary complications after esophageal cancer surgery.Methods:Clinical data of 98 patients undergone minimally invasive esophageal cancer treatment in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Fifty patients undergone bronchoscopic lavage and sputum aspiration were assigned to the experimental group and 48 patients receiving routine physical therapy to the control group.The incidences of pulmonary infection, respiratory failure, anastomotic leakage, drainage tube retention time after operation, duration of antibiotic use, average length of stay, etc., were compared between the two groups.Results:The incidences of pulmonary infection(20.0% vs.45.8%, χ2=7.43, P=0.006), respiratory failure(2.0% vs. 12.5%, χ2=4.07, P=0.000), drainage tube retention time[(7.7±1.9)d vs. (9.9±2.3) d, t=-5.28, P=0.000)], antibiotic use time[(8.2±1.5) d and (11.6±2.5) d, t=-5.90, P=0.000)]were lower in the experimental group than in the control group.There was no significant difference in the incidence of anastomotic leakage or the average hospitalization time between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Early sputum aspiration via fiberoptic bronchoscope after minimally invasive esophageal cancer surgery can reduce perioperative risks for complications, improve the therapeutic efficacy, and should be encouraged in clinical practice.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) versus ultrasonography (US) in symptomatic patients with dense breasts, while using histology as the gold standard.MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining approval from the local ethics board, this prospective study collected data from patients with symptomatic breasts who underwent CESM and US examinations from May 1, 2017 to September 30, 2017. We then selected those with dense breasts and pathological results as our sample population. Both CESM and US results were classified by a radiologist through the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System, and the results were compared with their corresponding histological results. The chi-square test was conducted to compare the diagnostic performance of CESM and US, and the receiver operating characteristic curves for the two imaging modalities were obtained.RESULTS: A total of 131 lesions from 115 patients with dense breasts were included in this study. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy were 93.8%, 88.1%, 88.2%, 93.7%, and 90.8% for CESM, and 90.6%, 82.1%, 82.9%, 90.2%, and 86.3% for US, respectively. The p values for sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy were 0.687, 0.388, 0.370, 0.702, and 0.238, respectively. The area under the curve of CESM (0.917) was comparable with that of US (0.884); however, the differences between CESM and US were not statistically significant (p = 0.225). Eight false-positive cases and 4 false-negative cases for breast cancer were found in CESM, while 12 false-positive cases and 6 false-negative cases were found in US.CONCLUSION: The diagnostic performances of CESM and US are comparable in symptomatic women with dense breasts; however, the routine use of additional US imaging is questionable for lesions that can be detected by CESM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824819

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the developmental relationship between mesenchymal stem/pro-genitor cells (MSPCs) and hematopoietic cells during human embryogenesis. Methods Aborted embryos at different developmental stages were used in this study after medical abortion. Embryonic blood tissues were isolated and digested into single cells. These single cells were plated in semisolid medium in favor of the dif-ferentiation of colony-forming cell with high proliferative potential ( HPP-CFC) and incubated for 10 to 14 d. Individual colonies with diameter more than 0. 5 mm were picked and replated in liquid medium. Fibroblastic adherent cells appeared in the replated colonies were cultured for cell proliferation and cytokins expressed on cell surface were identified to analyze whether they had the characteristics of MSPCs. Results This study summarized the dynamic development of HPP-CFCs and other hematopoietic progenitor cells in different tis-sues including aorta-gonad-mesonephros ( AGM) region, yolk sac and embryonic liver. From the 28-somite stage, a proportion of HPP-CFCs in AGM region could give rise to adherent fibroblastic cells in addition to hematopoietic cells. The adherent cells harbored the differentiation potential of MSPCs and could inhibit the proliferation of T cells in lymphocyte transformation test. Conclusions This study suggests some prehemato-poietic precursors in AGM region can give rise to both hematopoietic progenitors and MSPCs during human embryogenesis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798756

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the developmental relationship between mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSPCs) and hematopoietic cells during human embryogenesis.@*Methods@#Aborted embryos at different developmental stages were used in this study after medical abortion. Embryonic blood tissues were isolated and digested into single cells. These single cells were plated in semisolid medium in favor of the differentiation of colony-forming cell with high proliferative potential (HPP-CFC) and incubated for 10 to 14 d. Individual colonies with diameter more than 0.5 mm were picked and replated in liquid medium. Fibroblastic adherent cells appeared in the replated colonies were cultured for cell proliferation and cytokins expressed on cell surface were identified to analyze whether they had the characteristics of MSPCs.@*Results@#This study summarized the dynamic development of HPP-CFCs and other hematopoietic progenitor cells in different tissues including aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, yolk sac and embryonic liver. From the 28-somite stage, a proportion of HPP-CFCs in AGM region could give rise to adherent fibroblastic cells in addition to hematopoietic cells. The adherent cells harbored the differentiation potential of MSPCs and could inhibit the proliferation of T cells in lymphocyte transformation test.@*Conclusions@#This study suggests some prehematopoietic precursors in AGM region can give rise to both hematopoietic progenitors and MSPCs during human embryogenesis.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1736-1741, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of bone marrow niche in the chemotherapy resistance of patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to investigate the effects of the MSCs on the apoptosis of HL-60 cell and its underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#MSCs were derived from the bone marrow of newly diagnosed AML patients (AML-MSCs) and health donors(MSCs) were co-cultured with HL-60 cells respectively. The apoptosis of HL-60 cells in the presence/absence of MSCs and/or Daunorubicin were determined by flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining. In addition, the morphological features of HL-60 cells were observed by Wright-Giemsa staining, and the ratio of blasts and differentiated cells were counted. Furthermore, the expressions of apoptosis-related factors including Caspase-3, Caspase-8,Caspase-9 and Survivin were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The flow cytometry showed that there was no significant change in apoptosis of HL-60 cells co-cultured with MSC derived from healthy donors or AML patients. After adding Daunorubicin into different cultural systems, the apoptotic rates of HL-60, HL-60 co-cultured with normal MSCs and HL-60 co-cultured with AML-MSCs were (49.57±7.44)%, (30.72±4.05)% and (22.99±4.08)%, respectively, which showed that normal MSCs and AML-MSCs could remarkably supress Daunorubicin-induced HL-60 apoptosis, however, there was no statistically significant difference of apoptosis between HL-60 co-cultured with normal MSCs and HL-60 co-cultured with AML-MSCs. Wright-Giemsa staining showed that most of the HL-60 cells co-cultured with AML-MSCs were primitive, and cell differentiation was unusual. In AML-MSCs co-cultured group, the cell apoptosis and differentiation caused by DNR was significant decreased, and most of HL-60 cells were initial. Western blot showed that the cleavage activity of Caspase-3 of HL-60 in AML-MSCs and normal MSCs co-cultured group was decreased, compared with HL-60 in single cultured group, moreover, the decrease was significantly in AML-MSC group. Additionally, the expression of survivin in AML-MSCs and normal MSCs co-cultured group was increased, compared with that in single cultured group, and increase was significant in AML-MSCs group.@*CONCLUSION@#MSCs can suppress Daunorubicin-induced HL-60 apoptosis via inhibiting Caspase-3 and maintaining survivin level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Marrow Cells , Caspase 3 , Cell Proliferation , Daunorubicin , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Survivin
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1259-1264, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of bone marrow microenvironment(niche) in the development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the effect of AML patients-derived MSC on the proliferation, cell cycle and immuno-phenotypes of HL-60 cells.@*METHODS@#The MSC derived from bone marrow of patients with newly diagnosed AML were isolated and co-cultured with HL-60 cells. The effect of MSC on proliferation of HL-60 cells was detected by using 3H-TdR incorporation method, the cell cycle and immunophenotypes of HL-60 cells were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The results of 3H-TdR incorporation assay showed that both AML-MSCs and normal MSCs remarkably suppressed the HL-60 cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The results of cell cycle analysis demonstrated that AML MSCs and normal MSCs induced arrest of the HL-60 cells in G/G phase. The results of immunophenotyping revealed that MSCs suppressed the expression of CD11a and CD154 on the surface of HL-60 cells. Moreover, AML MSCs exhibited increased inhibitory effects than that of normal MSCs. However, no remarkable effect of MSCs on CD54 expressions of HL-60 cells was observed in the current study.@*CONCLUSION@#AML-MSCs possess effects on HL-60 cell proliferation, cell cycle and immunophenotypes similiar to normal MSCs, but exhibited increased suppressive capacity on the expression of CD11a and CD154.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1277-1286, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775728

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the influence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) microenvironment on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).@*METHODS@#MSCs were isolated from the bone marrow of newly diagnosed AML patients (AML-MSCs) and were cultured. The morphology of MSC was observed by inverted microscopy, the immunophenotypes of MSC were detected by flow cytometry, the proliferation ability of MSC was detected by using MTT method, the multi-differentation ability of MSC was assayed by osteogenic, lipogenic and chrondrogenic induction. The morphologic features, immunophenotypic characteristics, cell proliferation, and multipotential differentiation capability were compared between the MSC derived from normal healthy donors and AML patients.@*RESULTS@#AML-MSCs presented the morphological features similar to the normal MSCs. In addition, AML-MSCs highly expressed CD29, CD44, CD73, CD105 and HLA-ABC. Meanwhile, they were homogenously negative for CD14,CD31, CD34, CD45, CD80, CD86 and HLA-DR. Further-more, AML-MSCs showed cell proliferation ability similar to normal MSCs. Notably, AML-MSCs exerted increased osteogenic-differentiation capacity as compared with normal MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#AML-MSCs possess typical MSC phenotypes but displayed enhanced osteogenic-differentiation capacity.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771556

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the chemical components of Zizyphi Spinosae Semen by using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-linear ion trap/orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS). The chromatographic separation of the components was achieved on a Waters Acquity UPLC BEH-C₁₈ column (2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm), with acetonitrile-water (0.1% formic acid) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min⁻¹. Electrospray ionization-(ESI) source was applied and operated in negative ion mode. The parent ion list (PIL)-MS₂ and high energy collision dissociation (HCD) techniques were used to identify triterpene saponins in Zizyphi Spinosae Semen. Through analysis of the mass spectrometry data and literature data, 24 compounds and 4 unknown compounds were identified and inferred, including 21 flavonoids, 5 saponins and 2 triterpenoids. The use of UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS technology provide an efficient and rapid analytical method for the qualitative analysis and quality control of the chemical components in Zizyphi Spinosae Semen. It can also provide reference data for the research on the material basis of pharmacodynamics and the resources development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Mass Spectrometry , Semen
11.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 516-521, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693933

ABSTRACT

Objective To silence the expression of Itch gene of T-lymphocytes by ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) and to investigate the cytotoxicity of transfected T lymphocytes against LA795 lung neoplasms cells in vitro. Methods T lymphocyte were isolated by magnetic bead,and an targeted shRNA to silence Itch gene of T lymphocytes was established.48 hours after transfection by UTMD,the transfection efficiency was detected and analyzed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry;the expression of Itch protein was measured with Western blot;72 hours after transfection,the secretion of IL-2 and IFN-γ in the cell supernatant was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The cytotoxicity activity changes against LA795 lung neoplasms cells was compared between transfected T lymphocytes and negative control or simplex T lymphocytes in vitro. Results The transfection rate to silence Itch gene of T lymphocytes by UTMD was 52.3%±3.8%. At 48 h after transfection,the Itch gene expression can be effectively suppressed by UTMD. Seventy-two hours after transfection,the secretion level of cytokines including IL-2 and IFN-γ,was significantly increased in the group of targeted shRNA to silence Itch gene of T lymphocytes by UTMD(P<0.05) and transfected T lymphocyte also showed more efficient killing ability against LA795 lung neoplasms cells than negative control or blank group at E : T of 10 : 1,20 : 1 and 40 : 1 (P<0.05). Conclusions Silencing the expression of Itch by UTMD can significantly promote immune activity of T lymphocyte,enhance the cytotoxicity activity of T lymphocyte against LA795 lung neoplasms cells in vitro.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311574

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To isolate platelet-rich plasma(PRP) from the white slurry(WS), a depleted fraction of the clinical blood supply, so as to provide an easier method to harvest PRP for related studies and clinical use.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The protocols preparing PRP from whole blood and WS were compared. The morphological characteristics of the different PRPs were observed under transmission electron microscope; the expression of the platelet markers CD41a and CD42b were detected by the flow cytometry. Moreover, the ingredients of the PRPs were measured by using cytoanalyzer. for detecting the physiological function of the PRP, the harvested PRP were added to MSC culture and the cell proliferation was detected by using CCK-8 method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>a large amount of PRP from WS was easier harvested. the WS-derived PRP shared similar morphological characteristics and ingredients as compared with whole blood-derived PRP. Importantly, the WS-derived PRP exhibited a higher expression of CD41a and CD42b than that of traditional PRP, which indicate that the WS is a promising reservoir for PRP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The WS can be used to prepare PRP, and the novel PRP share similar biological characteristics as traditional PRP prepared from whole blood. The present study provides an easier and economical method to harvest PRP and this findings may be helpful for PRP related studies.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311566

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of the shock wave on the capacity of mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) to proliferate and differentiate into osteoblasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MSCs were isolated from the bone marrow of healthy donors. The human bone marrow MSCs(BM-MSCs) were divided into 3 groups including blank control group,osteoinduced group and shock wave group. The MSCs in blank control group were cultured with common mediam; the MSCs in osteoinduced group were treated with osteogenic agents and cultured; the MSCs in shock wave group were cultured with common medium and stimulated by shock wave. The morphology of MSCs in each groups were observed by micoscopy; the CCK-8 was used to detect the proliferation ability of MSCs; the alkaline phosphatase staining and von Kossa staining were used to evaluale the differentiation potential of MSCs in each groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of CCK-8 revealed the shock wave could promote cell proliferation as compared with blank control group. The results of alkaline phosphatase and Von Kossa staining showed that the shock wave displayed a stronger ability to promote the human BMMSC differentiation into osteoblasts cells in comparison with the osteoinduced group. The blank control group was weakly positively stainined.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The shock wave treatment can promote proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271962

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To aimed at the establishment of mouse stably knockout of MYSM1 mesenchymal stem cell(MSC) line C3H10T1/2, and to investigate its immunological capacity of MSC in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To establish the stably transfected MSC cell line by using CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Then the Flow cytometry, quantitative PCR and Western blot were employed to detect whether the MYSM1 have been knockout yet. Furthermore, the immune modulatory effect of MYSM1MSC was tested by addition of MYSM1MSC supernatant into spleen lymphocyte and Foxp3 culture. The mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-4, interferon-γ and interleukin-17 were detected by quatitatine PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of MYSM1 was steadily knock out in MSC. In addition, MYSM1MSC showed a stronger inhibitory effect on the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Therefore, the MYSM1 has been stably knocked out in C3H10T1/2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mouse stably knockout of MYSM1 mesenchymal stem cells has been successfully established, the knock-out of MYSM1 in MSC can induce more potent immunosuppressive effects on cellular immune reaction in vitro. Our data laid a foundation for the further MSC-based applications in immune related diseases.</p>

15.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1303-1307, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609273

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin chemotherapy to the transplanted non-small cell lung cancer of nude mice and the effect to the apoptosis protein expression of PDCD5 and XIAP with mice model.Methods A tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into blank group, normal saline group, oxaliplatin group, paclitaxel group, paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin group.The gene expression of PDCD5 and XIAP was assayed by real-time quantitative PCR(q-PCR).The apoptosis related PDCD5 and XIAP protein were detected by Western blot.Finally, the tumor weight of each group was measured for statistical analysis.ResultsThe mRNA expression of PDCD5 was highest and the gene expression of XIAP was lowest in paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin group(P<0.01).The expression of PDCD5 protein was highest and the expression of XIAP protein was lowest in paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin group (P<0.01).Finally, compare the tumor weight of each group, paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin group has the least mass(P<0.01).Conclusions Paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin group chemotherapy significantly increases PDCD5 expression and reduce XIAP expression.Meanwhile, paclitaxel plus oxaliplatin chemotherapy can significantly reduce the tumor weight of happened non-small cell lung cancer.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 653-657, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614038

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics and differences of the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and the fractional ALFF (fALFF) of the major disorder depression (MDD) and their first-degree relatives in the resting state by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI),to understand the early brain function in patients with MDD.Methods 3.0T fMRI in the resting state was performed in 10 patients with MDD (the depression group),10 first-degree relatives of MDD (the first-degree relatives group) and 10 healthy volunteers (the control group).A statistics analysis of ALFF and fALFF were performed subsequently.Results The ALFF and fALFF values measured in left cerebellum, left precuneus and left medial prefrontal cortex of MDD group were significantly lower than those of the first-degree relatives group (P<0.05).The ALFF values measured in right posterior cingulate cortex and right superior parietal lobule of MDD group were significantly lower than those of the first-degree relatives group (P<0.05).The ALFF and fALFF values measured in left cerebellum, left precuneus and left superior parietal lobule of MDD group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05).The ALFF values measured in right cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex of MDD group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05).There was no significance difference found in ALFF values between the first-degree relatives group and the control group,the fALFF values measured in left superior parietallobule of the first-degree relatives group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion As the widespread ALFF, fALFF abnormalities of brain in MDD and first-degree relatives of MDD,a hypothesis can be get that these abnormal brain region may be associated with cognitive network disorders and emotional distress in MDD.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 346-349, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484487

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the variation of multivoxel 1 H magnetic resonance spectroscopy(1 H-MRS)before and after continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP)treatment in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome(OSAHS).Methods Brain multivoxel 1 H-MRS examinations were performed in 25 cases of moderate or severe OSAHS patients before and after CPAP treat-ment,and 25 cases of healthy.The ratios of brain metabolites of the frontal lobe were recorded and analyzed respectively.To observe whether the lactate(Lac)peak appeared or not.Results In the frontal lobe,the NAA/Cr,NAA/Cho of the patients before treatment (2.021 2±0.231 2 and 1.608 8±0.257 1,respectively)was decreased compared with the healthy (2.726 8±0.607 1 and 2.445 6± 0.437 5).The NAA/Cr,NAA/Cho of the patients after treatment (2.314 0±0.312 8 and 2.01 6 4±0.424 0,respectively)was in-creased compared with the patients before treatment (2.021 2±0.231 2 and 1.608 8±0.257 1).The NAA/Cr,NAA/Cho of the pa-tients after treatment (2.314 0±0.312 8 and 2.01 6 4±0.424 0,respectively)was decreased compared with the healthy (2.726 8± 0.607 1 and 2.445 6±0.437 5),and the difierences were statistically significant (P <0.01).The Cho/Cr of the patients before treatment (1.293 2±0.261 5)was increased compared with the healthy (1.129 2±0.157 7),the difference was statistically significant(P <0.05).Lac peak was not detected in all.Conclusion Multivoxel 1 H-MRS can demonstrate sensitively the changes of brain metabolism in pa-tients with OSAHS before and after CPAP treatment,and may provide imaging evidence for clinical therapeutic effect and prognostic evaluation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360043

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the modulatory effect of the MSC derived from low attaching culture systems (suspending MSC) on T lymphocytes and the related mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The suspending MSC were generated from mouse compact bones by using low attaching plates and adherent cell culture flasks, respectively. The morphology of suspending MSC was observed under the inverted microscope and the cells were induced to differentiate into osteoblasts and adipocytes. Further, the surface antigen profile of MSC was analyzed with flow cytometry. In addition, the culture medium (CM) of suspending MSC and adherent MSC was collected and added into the activated T cell cultures before detection of the proliferation by CFSE assay. Moreover, the modulaory effects of the CM on the T cell-derived cytokines were detected by quantitative PCR. Also, the mRNA expression of cytokines of MSC was detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The suspending MSC grew in floating cell spheres and differentiated into osteoblasts and adipocytes in the induction medium. Furthermore, the suspending MSC shared the typical immuno-phenotype with their adherent counterparts. In addition, the results of CFSE assay demonstrated that suspending MSC derived CM suppressed ConA induced T cell proliferation. The results of quantitative PCR revealed that suspending MSC expressed transforming factor β1 and interleukin-6 at a higher level and suppressed the T cell expressing interferon γ and interleukine-17A.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The suspending MSC exerted an unique modulatoy effect on T cells, which is quite different to adherent MSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Animals , Cell Adhesion , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mice , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349675

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have the capacities of low immunogenicity, multiple differentiation, hematopoietic supporting and immunoregulation. And due to their relative ease of availability and ex vivo expansion, the applications of MSC in the prevention and treatment of clinical disease have been rapidly expanded in the recent years. However, increasing investigations indicate that intravenously infused MSC widely distribute to various organs of the recipients. The two intended clinical goals of adoptive cellular therapy reached to the greatest efficiency. Therefore, the ideal candidate cells showed to have the capacity of site-specific relocation in vivo. In this review, the distribution characteristics of infused MSC and the recent research advances on the strategies to enhance targeted migration of MSCs are summarized.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Movement , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology
20.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2394-2397, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455150

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the brain biochemical changes in the frontal lobe of adolescents with depression using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). Methods Twenty-four patients and twenty-three healthy subjects matched for age, sex and education level were enrolled in the study. All the subjects underwent multivoxel 1H MRS to measure the bilateral metabolic levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline (Cho), creatine (Cr) in the prefrontal lobes. Results The NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios in the left dorsolateral prefrontal white matter of the depressive adolescents were significantly lower than those of the healthy subjects [NAA/Cr: 1.67 ± 0.32, t = 3.126, P = 0.004; Cho/Cr: 1.28 ± 0.30, t = 2.362, P = 0.024], and the ratios of NAA/Cr in the right dorsolateral prefrontal white matter of the depressive adolescents was also significantly lower than that of the healthy subjects [NAA/Cr:1.65 ± 0.26, t=2.969, P=0.006]. There was no significant difference in the metabolic ratios in the bilateral anterior cingulate gray matter between the depressive adolescents and the healthy controls. Conclusions Biochemical abnormalities in prefrontal white matter are involved in the pathophysiology of depression. Importantly , these abnormalities are already present early in the course of the disorder.

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