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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 29-40, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971535

ABSTRACT

Fear memory contextualization is critical for selecting adaptive behavior to survive. Contextual fear conditioning (CFC) is a classical model for elucidating related underlying neuronal circuits. The primary visual cortex (V1) is the primary cortical region for contextual visual inputs, but its role in CFC is poorly understood. Here, our experiments demonstrated that bilateral inactivation of V1 in mice impaired CFC retrieval, and both CFC learning and extinction increased the turnover rate of axonal boutons in V1. The frequency of neuronal Ca2+ activity decreased after CFC learning, while CFC extinction reversed the decrease and raised it to the naïve level. Contrary to control mice, the frequency of neuronal Ca2+ activity increased after CFC learning in microglia-depleted mice and was maintained after CFC extinction, indicating that microglial depletion alters CFC learning and the frequency response pattern of extinction-induced Ca2+ activity. These findings reveal a critical role of microglia in neocortical information processing in V1, and suggest potential approaches for cellular-based manipulation of acquired fear memory.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Primary Visual Cortex , Extinction, Psychological/physiology , Learning/physiology , Fear/physiology , Hippocampus/physiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether circular RNA circRSF1 regulates radiation-induced inflammatory phenotype of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by binding to HuR protein and repressing its function.@*METHODS@#Human HSC cell line LX2 with HuR overexpression or knockdown was exposed to 8 Gy X-ray irradiation, and the changes in the expression of inflammatory factors (IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) were detected by qRT-PCR. The expressions of IκBα and phosphorylation of NF-κB were detected with Western blotting. The binding of circRSF1 to HuR was verified by RNA pull-down assay and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP). The expressions of inflammatory factors, IκBα and the phosphorylation of NF-κB were detected after modifying the interaction between circRSF1 and HuR.@*RESULTS@#Knockdown of HuR significantly up- regulated the expressions of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α, decreased IκBα expression and promoted NF-κB phosphorylation in irradiated LX2 cells, whereas overexpression of HuR produced the opposite changes (P < 0.05). Overexpression or knockdown of circRSF1 did not significantly affect the expression of HuR. RNA pull-down and RIP experiments confirmed the binding between circRSF1 and HuR. Overexpression of circRSF1 significantly reduced the binding of HuR to IκBα and down-regulated the expression of IκBα (P < 0.05). Overexpression of circRSF1 combined with HuR overexpression partially reversed the up-regulation of the inflammatory factors, down-regulated IκBα expression and increased phosphorylation of NFκB in LX2 cells, while the opposite effects were observed in cells with knockdown of both circRSF1 and HuR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#circRSF1 reduces IκBα expression by binding to HuR to promote the activation of NF-κB pathway, thereby enhancing radiation- induced inflammatory phenotype of HSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatic Stellate Cells/radiation effects , Interleukin-6 , NF-kappa B , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Phenotype , RNA , RNA, Circular/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , ELAV-Like Protein 1/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981313

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the expression, prognosis, and clinical significance of C5orf46 in gastric cancer and to study the interaction between the active components of C5orf46 and tarditional Chinese medicine. The ggplot2 package was utilized for differential expression analysis of C5orf46 in gastric cancer tissues and normal tissues. The survival package was used for survival analysis, univariate regression analysis, and multivariate regression analysis. Nomogram analysis was used to assess the connection between C5orf46 expression in gastric cancer and overall survival. The abundance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes was calculated by GSVA package. Coremine database, Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) database, and PubChem database were used to search the potential components corresponding to C5orf46 gene and tarditional Chinese medicine. Molecular docking was performed to explore the binding affinity of potential components to C5orf46. Cell experiments were performed to explore the expression of C5orf46 gene in cells of the blank group, model group, and drug administration groups. As compared with normal tissues, C5orf46 expression was higher in gastric cancer tissues, which had more significant predictive effects in the early stages(T2, N0, and M0). The more advanced the tumor node metastasis(TNM) stage, the higher the C5orf46 expression and the lower the probability of survival of patients with gastric cancer. The expression of C5orf46 positively correlated with the helper T cells1 in gastric cancer and the macrophage infiltration level in gastric cancer, and negatively correlated with B cells, central memory T cells, helper T cells 17, and follicular helper T cells. Seven potential components of C5orf46 were obtained, and three active components were obtained after the screening, which matched five tarditional Chinese medicines, namely, Sojae Semen Nigrum, Jujubae Fructus, Trichosanthis Fructus, Silybi Fructus, and Bambusae Concretio Silicea. Molecular docking revealed that sialic acid and adeno-sine monophosphate(AMP) had a good binding ability to C5orf46. The results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) and Western blot showed that, as compared with the model group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of C5orf46 were significantly lower in the drug administration groups. The lowest expression level was found at the concentration of 40 μmol·L~(-1). The results of this study provide ideas for the clinical development of traditional Chinese medicine compounds for the treatment of gastric cancer as well as other cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Prognosis , Computational Biology
4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 440-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics、diagnosis and treatment experience of children with reobstruction after pyeloplasty.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients admitted to the Department of Urology, Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2015 to April 2022. Due to the unrelieved hydronephroplasty after the primary pyeloplasty, the anterior and posterior diameter of the pelvis was larger than that before the primary operation. Intravenous pyelography and diuretic renal radionuclide scanning confirmed the diagnosis of ureteropelvic reobstruction. Or underwent reoperation after undergoing puncture angiography for reobstruction. Fifty-four children were included in the study, 47 males (87.03%) and 7 females (12.96%), with a median age of 51.67(21.30, 117.24)month, and, 38 cases (70.37%) on the left side and 16 cases (29.63%) on the right side. The primary operation was open pyeloplasty (POP) in 20 cases and laparoscopic pyeloplasty (PLP) in 34 cases. 45 patients underwent primary operation in our hospital, and 9 patients were referred from other hospitals after primary operation. The interval between reoperation and initial operation was 7.25(6.15, 15.40)month. There were 28 cases with clinical symptoms before operation, and 26 cases without symptoms but reobstruction on imaging. 21 cases presented with recurrent abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, and 7 cases presented with recurrent fever and urinary tract infection. All 54 patients underwent re-pyeloplasty after definite diagnosis of re-obstruction. In order to further study the feasibility of RLP, patients in the two groups were divided into RLP and ROP groups according to different surgical procedures. In the RLP group, there were 8 males (72.72%) and 3 females (27.28%). The median age was 82.21(49.83, 114.05) months, and obstruction was located on the left side in 8 cases (72.72%) and the right side in 3 cases (27.28%). There were 3 cases (27.28%) with POP and 8 cases (72.72%) with PLP. The time between the second operation and the primary operation was 12.83 (6.34, 16.86) months. APD before operation was 5.18 (4.25, 6.14) cm. There were 43 cases in the ROP group, including 38 males (88.37%) and 5 females (12.63%). The median age was 52.32 (26.62, 77.35) months; Obstruction was located on the left side in 31 cases (72.09%) and the right side in 12 cases (27.91%). The primary operation was performed in 19 cases (44.19%) with POP and 24 cases (55.81%) with PLP. The time between the second operation and the primary operation was 10.02 (8.03, 15.51) months. Preoperative APD was 5.42 (5.14, 5.90) cm. The causes of obstruction were found in the second operation: there were 28 causes (51.85%) of scar hyperplastic anastomotic stenosis, 7 cases (12.96%) of residual ectopic vascular compression, 8 cases (14.81%) of high ureteral anastomosis, 7 cases (12.96%) of ureteral adhesion distortion, and 4 cases (7.41%) of other causes (1 case of medical glue shell compression, 1 case of luminal polypoid hyperplasia, and 2 cases of complete luminal occlusion). Operation time, postoperative complications, APD, APD improvement rate (PI-APD), renal parenchyma thickness (PT), anteroposterior pelvis diameter/renal parenchyma thickness (APD/PT) at 3 and 6 months after operation were compared between RLP and ROP groups.Results:In this study, 54 patients were followed up with an average follow-up time of (34.41±20.20)month. APD of 3 months after pyeloplasty was 3.29(3.03, 3.52) cm, which was statistically significant compared with 5.45(5.13, 5.77)cm before pyeloplasty ( P=0.02). APD/PT changed from preoperative 21.71(21.08, 31.77)to 5.40(4.79, 6.79)3 months after surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.03). The APD improvement rate was 37%(33%, 42%) 3 months after surgery and 49%(44%, 54%) 6 months after surgery. Among the 54 patients, 3 had lumbago and fever after clamping the nephrostomy tube, and 3(5.55%) had sinus angiography indicating that obstruction still existed and required reoperation. Therefore, the success rate of repyeloplasty in this group was 94.45%. Comparing RLP group and ROP group, operation time in RLP group was longer than that in ROP group [169.13(113.45, 210.66)]min vs. 106.83(103.14, 155.32)min, P=0.02]. The length of hospitalization in RLP group was shorter than that in ROP group [7.45(5.62, 9.28)d vs.11.64(10.45, 15.66)d, P=0.03], and the difference was statistically significant. The improvement rate of APD 3 months after surgery was compared between the two groups [30.48%(19.81%, 41.16%) vs.39.96%(35.16%, 47.76%), P=0.15], and the improvement rate of APD 6 months after surgery was compared between the two groups [48.00%(27.19%, 48.81%) vs.52.27%(46.95%, 56.76%), P=0.05], there was no significant difference in the success rate of operation between the two groups (90.90% vs. 95.34%, P=0.63). Conclusions:The common cause of reobstruction after pyeloplasty is cicatricial adhesion stenosis. The operation is challenging, but repyeloplasty can effectively relieve the obstruction and the overall success rate is 94.45%. RLP is a safe and effective surgical method for the treatment of reobstruction, which can achieve comparable surgical results with ROP.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 498-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association of different biomarkers with frailty in elderly hospitalized patients.Methods:In this cross-sectional study, a total of 319 elderly patients aged 65 years or older hospitalized in Beijing Hospital between September 2018 and February 2019 were enrolled.Patients had a mean age of(75.0±6.6)years and 151(47.3%)were women.Based on the Fried phenotype, patients were divided into a non-frail group(244 cases, 76.5%)and a frail group(75 cases, 23.5%). The clinical characteristics and biomarker levels of the two groups were compared.The association of different biomarkers with frailty was evaluated by using the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve.The Youden index was used for the optimal cutoff values and the area under the curve(AUC)were calculated.AUCs of different biomarkers were compared to assess their correlations with frailty.Results:Hemoglobin, lipid levels(triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol), and prealbumin were significantly lower in the frail group than in the non-frail group( P<0.05), while N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP)and high-sensitivity C reactive protein(hsCRP)levels were significantly higher than in the non-frail group( P<0.05). Thyrotropin(TSH)and free triiodothyronine(FT3)levels were significantly lower( P<0.05)and trans-triiodothyronine(rT3)was significantly higher( P<0.05)in the frail group.The combination of six biomarkers[hemoglobin, prealbumin, hsCRP, 25-dihydroxy vitamin D3[25(OH)D3], rT3 and NT-pro BNP]had the most powerful correlation with frailty(AUC=0.705, 95% CI: 0.652-0.755), but the correlation was not significantly different from that of the combination of 3 markers(hemoglobin, rT3 and hsCRP)(ROC=0.010, 95% CI: -0.0106-0.0306, P>0.05). Either of the two combinations was significantly better than the combination of 2 markers(hemoglobin and rT3)(ROC=0.143, 95% CI: 0.0406-0.245; ROC=0.153, 95% CI: 0.0498-0.256; all P<0.01). Conclusions:Hemoglobin, lipids, prealbumin, TSH and FT3 levels decrease while NT-proBNP and hsCRP levels increase in elderly hospitalized frail patients.The 6-biomarker combination[hemoglobin, prealbumin, hsCRP, 25(OH)D3, rT3 and NT-pro BNP]and 3-biomarker combination(hemoglobin, rT3 and hsCRP)have better correlation with frailty than the 2-biomarker combination(hemoglobin and rT3).

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 310-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993813

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the number of epithelial progenitor cells(EPCs)in peripheral blood and blood parameter values in order to clarify the relationship between peripheral blood EPCs and the length of survival in elderly individuals aged 75 and beyond.Methods:Analysis was conducted on 114 individuals ≥75 years recruited from the Department of Geriatrics, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital in 2008.Clinical data were collected with December 31, 2020 as the end of the follow-up.Associations between peripheral blood EPC numbers, blood parameter values and all-cause mortality were analyzed.Results:In low and high EPC groups based on orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), D-Dimer was found to be a potential classification marker[the variable importance in projection(VIP)=4.750], out of a panel of blood tests.Blood parameters such as red blood cells(RBC), hemoglobin(HGB), hematocrit(HCT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase(GGT), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH)and D-Dimer showed statistically significant differences between groups with different levels of EPCs(all P<0.05). Blood EPC numbers were positively correlated with RBC, HGB and HCT and negatively correlated with GGT and D-Dimer in older individuals( r=0.364, 0.343, 0.336, -0.312, -0.312, P<0.05 for all). The number of circulating EPCs had a significant positive correlation with survival time in older individuals( r=0.234, P=0.017). Based on the data of the long-term(12-years)follow-up, Logistic regression analysis suggested that the number of EPCs, age, and HCT were associated with all-cause mortality events in older individuals( OR=0.971, 1.585, 1.231, P=0.013, 0.012, 0.029). Conclusions:EPCs in the peripheral circulation may be involved in the progression of various conditions such as anemia, cardiac, hepatic and renal injury, and coagulation.The number of circulating EPCs may influence the survival of elderly individuals ≥75 years.Age and HCT may be risk factors for all-cause mortality events, whereas the number of EPCs may be a protective factor.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 477-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the coverage rate of non-iodized salts, children's iodine nutrition and the change trend of goiter rate between the original water source high iodine areas in Henan Province in 2017 and the newly designated water source high iodine areas in 2019.Methods:Using a cross-sectional survey method, household edible salt monitoring was conducted in all 20 counties (cities, districts) with high iodine content in Henan Province in 2017. Ten counties (cities, districts) were selected to monitor water iodine, urinary iodine and thyroid volume of children aged 8 to 10 years. A total of 4 430 salt samples and 1 012 urine samples were collected, and thyroid volume of 1 012 children were measured. In 2019, monitoring of household edible salt, water iodine, urinary iodine, and thyroid volume was carried out in all 55 newly designated counties (cities, districts) with high iodine village. A total of 9 835 salt samples and 9 830 urine samples were collected, and the thyroid volume of 8 896 children was measured. The monitoring results of two years were compared, and the relationship between children's urinary iodine and goiter rate was analyzed by univariate logistic regression.Results:In 2019, the water iodine content in newly designated high iodine areas decreased compared to the original high iodine areas in 2017 (119.8 to 191.0 μg/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z = - 2.48, P = 0.013). The rate of non-iodized salts in 2019 was only 35.5% (3 494/9 835), significantly lower than that in 2017 (96.2%, 4 263/4 430, χ 2 = 4 536.74, P < 0.001). The median urinary iodine of children in 2017 and 2019 were 338.2 and 317.8 μg/L, respectively, the difference between the two years was statistically significant ( Z = - 2.46, P = 0.014). In 2017 and 2019, the goiter rate of children aged 8 to 10 years was 1.5% (15/1 012) and 2.1% (187/8 896), respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two years (χ 2 = 1.76, P = 0.185). The results of univariate logistic regression analysis showed that, compared with the control group with urinary iodine < 100 μg/L, the risk of goiter rate (but the enlargement rate did not exceed 5%) increased with the increase of urinary iodine level (100 - 199, 200 - 299 and ≥300 μg/L groups), and the differences were statistically significant [odds ratio ( OR) = 8.64, 7.68, 10.69, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:After the implementation of the new demarcation standard for areas with excessive iodine in water sources, the supply of non-iodized salts in Henan Province is relatively lagging behind, and the iodine nutrition level of children is still high, but the goiter rate is relatively stable.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of a new minimally invasive plate in the treatment of varus-type ankle arthritis.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 15 patients with varus-type ankle arthritis who met the selection criteria between March 2021 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were treated with medial open-wedge supramalleolar osteotomy and fibular osteotomy. The osteotomies were fixed with the new minimally invasive plate. There were 7 males and 8 females with an average age of 49.8 years (range, 16-71 years). The causes of ankle arthritis included post-fracture deformity in 1 case, sprain in 8 cases, and acquired clubfoot in 1 case; and 5 cases were without obvious factors. The disease duration ranged from 1 to 12 years, with an average of 4.1 years. Comparisons were made between pre-operation and the last follow-up in the Takakura staging, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, foot function index (FFI), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, tibial anterior surface angle (TAS), tibial lateral surface angle (TLS), and talar tilt (TT).@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 7-18 months (mean, 12.8 months). At last follow-up, the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, FFI, VAS score, and Takakura staging significantly improved when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05). X-ray films showed that the osteotomy healed at 3 months after operation. At last follow-up, TAS significantly increased and TT decreased when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05), and the difference in TLS between pre- and post-operation was not significant ( P>0.05). Complications included 1 case of intraoperative screw breakage and 2 cases of nerve injury of the affected foot. None of the patients complained of significant discomfort at the plate placement during follow-up, and no loosening of the internal fixator occurred. Eleven patients were very satisfied with the effeectiveness, while 4 were relatively satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#The new minimally invasive plate for the varus-type ankle arthritis has good early effectiveness in relieving ankle pain, correcting deformity, improving limb alignment and ankle function, and reducing the incidence of postoperative incisional complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 484-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984648

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of polymyxin B in neutropenic patients with hematologic disorders who had refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection. Methods: From August 2021 to July 2022, we retrospectively analyzed neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infection who were treated with polymyxin B in the Department of Hematology of the First Affiliated Hospital of the Soochow University between August 2021 to July 2022. The cumulative response rate was then computed. Results: The study included 27 neutropenic patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections. Polymyxin B therapy was effective in 22 of 27 patients. The median time between the onset of fever and the delivery of polymyxin B was 3 days [interquartile range (IQR) : 2-5]. The median duration of polymyxin B treatment was 7 days (IQR: 5-11). Polymyxin B therapy had a median antipyretic time of 37 h (IQR: 32-70). The incidence of acute renal dysfunction was 14.8% (four out of 27 cases), all classified as "injury" according to RIFLE criteria. The incidence of hyperpigmentation was 59.3%. Conclusion: Polymyxin B is a viable treatment option for granulocytopenia patients with refractory gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymyxin B/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/complications , Fever/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/complications
10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 96-100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933170

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the diagnosis and treatment 0f WAGR syndrome.Methods:The clinical data of 10 cases of WAGR syndrome children admitted to our hospital from January 2008 to November 2019 were respectively analyzed including the clinical features, diagnosis, and surgical treatments. There were 6 males and 4 females, aged from 13 to 36 months, with an average of 23.6 months. 9 cases were diagnosed as iris absence due to ocular abnormalities in infancy, and 1 case was diagnosed as iris absence due to ocular abnormalities by physical examination because of renal mass. There were 2 boys with cryptorchidism, and 2 boys with hypospadias, 1 of which did not received operation because of mild hypospadias, and another undergoing surgery. There were no abnormality of genitourinary system in the remaining 5 cases. There were 7 cases of unilateral nephroblastoma, with 1 case at the left and 6 cases at the right, and there were 3 cases of bilateral nephroblastoma. Abdominal doppler ultrasound and enhanced abdominal CT were performed for all patients. Abdominal doppler ultrasound indicated solid mass in renal parenchyma or non-uniform echo zone. Abdominal enhanced CT indicated renal tumor with diameter of 1.8 cm-12.7 cm and locally non-uniform enhanced echo. Among the 7 cases of unilateral nephroblastoma, 4 underwent nephrectomy, 1 underwent tumor enucleation, and 2 underwent tumor enucleation for unilateral tumor complicated with nephrogenic rests. There were 3 cases of bilateral nephroblastoma, 2 cases undergoing unilateral tumor enucleation firstly and contralateral tumor enucleation following chemotherapy. One case underwent unilateral tumor nephrectomy followed by contralateral tumor enucleation. One case of unilateral nephrogenic rests did not undergo renal tumor surgery. Preoperative chemotherapy was performed in 7 patients, including 3 bilateral nephroblastoma, 1 unilateral nephroblastoma combined with contralateral nephroblastoma, and 3 unilateral tumors larger enough to pass the midline. The chemotherapy regimen was VCR+ ACTD in 5 cases, VCR+ ACTD+ CTX+ DOX/CDDP+ VP16 and VCR+ CTX+ DOX in another 2 cases respectively.Results:All 10 cases were diagnosed as nephroblastoma. There were 3 patients without preoperative chemotherapy which belongs to COG stageⅠ(1 case) and STAGEⅢ(2 cases); Preoperative chemotherapy was performed in 2 patients with SIOP stage Ⅱ, 2 patients with SIOP stage Ⅲ, and 3 patients with SIOP stageⅤ. Nine children received regular chemotherapy after surgery, among which 1 child in stage Ⅰ received DD4A chemotherapy regimens, 2 children in stage Ⅱ received DD4A and EE4A regimen respectively, and 3 of the 4 children in stage Ⅲ received regular chemotherapy after surgery, including EE4A(1 case)and DD4A(2 cases). EE4A(1 case)and DD4A(2 cases) chemotherapy were performed in 3 patients with stage Ⅴ according to their unilateral tumor stage. Ten cases were followed up, with 9 of the 10 cases having no tumor recurrence or metastasis, and death in 1 case. At present, abdominal doppler ultrasound of 1 child with nephrogenic rests showed no obvious progress. The renal function of 9 children was not significantly abnormal during the regular follow-up. The results of intelligence screening showed that 6 of the 10 patients were significantly behind their peers, and 4 had no obvious abnormality compared with their peers. Gene tests were performed 3 times after surgery, and the results showed the deletion of 11p13 and adjacent distal genes.Conclusions:WAGR syndrome is rare in clinical practice, and renal ultrasound should be monitored after diagnosis to detect renal tumors in early stage. For bilateral cases, renal function should be preserved as long as possible in order to reduce the probability of renal failure. Long-term follow-up of nephroblastoma with this syndrome is particularly important.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 250-255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess whether cardiac structure and function are associated with frailty in elderly inpatients.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study.Inpatients aged 65 years or over, admitted to Beijing Hospital, Chinese PLA General Hospital and Beijing Tsinghua Changgeng Hospital, were consecutively recruited from September 2018 to April 2019.A total of 925 elderly inpatients were enrolled in the study, including 285 frailty patients and 640 non-frailty patients.Frailty was assessed with the Fried frailty phenotype.Clinical and echocardiographic data were collected.The association of cardiac structure and function with frailty was analyzed.Results:Compared with the non-frailty group, the frailty group was older, had lower body mass index, and had higher rates of heart failure, atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter, history of stroke/transient ischemic attack, renal insufficiency, and history of falls.N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP)levels were higher while creatinine clearance and hemoglobin levels were lower(all P<0.05); The frailty group had a larger anterior-posterior left atrial diameter[(37.8±7.1)mm vs.(36.3±5.1)mm, t=-3.134, P=0.002]and a higher proportion with the left atrial anterior posterior diameter ≥45 mm[15.8%(45/285) vs.6.1%(39/640), χ2=22.452, P<0.001], a lower left ventricular ejection fraction[(60.1±9.5)% vs.(61.9±7.5)%, t=2.817, P=0.005]and a faster peak mitral inflow velocity[(0.8±0.3)cm/s vs.(0.7±0.2)cm/s, t=-2.675, P=0.003]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the left atrial anterior posterior diameter ≥45 mm was an independent correlation factor for frailty( OR=2.249, P=0.015). Increased age( OR=1.099, P<0.001), heart failure( OR=1.786, P=0.049), history of stroke/transient ischemic attack( OR=1.960, P=0.001)and decreased hemoglobin( OR=0.984, P=0.008)were independently associated with frailty. Conclusions:The left atrial anterior posterior diameter ≥45 mm and heart failure were independently associated with frailty.Assessing cardiac structure and function and screening for cardiovascular diseases in frailty patients should be emphasized.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the short- and mid-term clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of chronic Lisfranc injuries.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the clinical and imaging data of the 19 patients with chronic Lisfranc injury who had been treated surgically from April 2013 to September 2020 at Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. There were 13 males and 6 females, aged from 25 to 58 years (mean, 49 years). The median course of disease before operation was 24 months (from 3 to 312 months). All patients underwent fusion of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd tarsometatarsal joints (TMTJ) plus reduction and fixation or arthroplasty of the 4th and 5th TMTJ by the same surgeon. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by comparison of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Lublin score between pre-operation and the final follow-up and by Likert satisfaction scale and post-operative complications as well.Results:The 19 patients were followed up for (66.1±23.2) months (from 12 to 104 months). At the final follow-up, the AOFAS midfoot score was 87 (79, 90), the VAS score 1 (0, 2), and the Lublin score 70 (60, 75), all significantly improved compared with their preoperative corresponding values [51 (44, 63), 4 (4, 6) and 50 (40, 55), respectively] ( P<0.05). Sixteen patients were satisfied with their surgery. Fusion was not healed in 3 cases; plate breakage happened in one case but none of the cases had infection or other complications related to the skin or wound. Conclusion:Fusion of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd TMTJ plus reduction and fixation or arthroplasty of the 4th and 5th TMTJ can lead to good short- and mid-term clinical outcomes in the surgical treatment of chronic Lisfranc injuries.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928903

ABSTRACT

A high-precision human metabolic measurement system is designed. The system uses STM32F103 as the main control chip to acquire oxygen, carbon dioxide and flow signals to calculate four quantitative indicators: oxygen consumption(VO2), carbon dioxide production(VCO2), respiratory entropy(RQ) and resting energy metabolism(REE), and finally uses an upper computer to display the calculation results.In this paper, the signal acquisition circuit design was carried out for the oxygen sensor, carbon dioxide sensor and flow sensor, and the validity of the device was verified with the American machine MGCDiagnositcs using Bland-Altman analysis method, and the results showed that the four parameters of VO2,VCO2, RQ and REE of both devices fell in the agreement interval of more than 95%. The device thus provides accurate metabolic measurements and offers an effective tool for the field of general health and clinical nutrition support in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calorimetry, Indirect , Carbon Dioxide/metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Oxygen , Oxygen Consumption
14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 587-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the clinical features and analyze the prognostic factors of blastemaltype Wilms tumor. To explore the clinical risk factors affecting the prognosis of blastoma.Methods:Clinical data of 75 patients admitted to the surgery department of Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2008 to June 2020 who were confirmed to be blastemal-type Wilms tumor by postoperative pathology without preoperative chemotherapy. The patients' general information, clinical characteristics, inspection data, surgical methods and follow-up results were collected. The related factors which influences its prognosis were analyzed. Among the 75 patients, 45 cases (60.0%) were male and 30 cases (40.0%) were female. The diagnosis age was 6-144 m, mean age was 39.1 m. Left side: 38 cases (50.7%), right side: 37 cases (49.3%). The clinical manifestations were abdominal mass in 35 cases (46.7%), hematuria in 24 cases (32.0%), abdominal pain in 7 cases (9.3%) and physical examination in 9 cases (12.0%). There were Stage Ⅰ 30 cases, Stage Ⅱ 28 cases, Stage Ⅲ 15 cases, Stage Ⅳ 2 cases. There were preoperative tumor rupture in 5 cases, intraoperative tumor rupture in 2 cases. Clinical stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ were classified as early, while stage Ⅲ, Ⅳ were classified as late. According to COG protocol, stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ patients received EE4A, stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ patients received DD4A protocol and radiotherapy. The number of lymph nodes sampled during operation was more than 7 in 10 patients.Results:7 cases were tested for 1p16q. One case(stage Ⅱ) was absent at 1p/16q LOH, and chemotherapy was upgraded from EE4A to DD4A. After the recurrence of 1 case in clinical stage Ⅰ, the 1p/16q heterozygotic deletion test was performed, which was changed to M regimen chemotherapy. Only 1p lost in one case, and 1p/16q was negative in 4 cases, so the original chemotherapy regimen was maintained. A total of 67 patients were recruited to the study. The median follow-up time was 57 months. The 5-year relapse-free survival(RFS) rate was74.7%, and the 5-year overall survival(OS) rate was 88.0%. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that: advanced clinical stage ( HR=4.9, 95% CI 1.2-19.6, P=0.025), tumor volume ( HR=1.7, 95% CI 0.4-6.9, P=0.048), and tumor rupture ( HR=20.1, 95% CI 4.7-85.5, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for prognosis of blastoma. Gender, age, side profile, clinical manifestations, tumor embolism, and number of lymph nodes sampled had no significant influence on the survival rate of blastoma ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Advanced stage (Ⅲ-Ⅳ), tumor volume≥1 000 ml, tumor weight and tumor rupture were independent risk factors for relapse. Insufficient lymph node sampling and incomplete 1p16q, may be the reasons for the increased risk of local recurrence in low-stage patients due to the underestimated risk classification and insufficient treatment intensity.

15.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 753-768, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939840

ABSTRACT

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) can cause reversible and delayed impairment of cognition, but the specific mechanisms are still unclear. Annexin a1 (ANXA1) is a phospholipid-binding protein. Here, we confirmed that cognition and hippocampal synapses were impaired in TIA-treated mice, and this could be rescued by multiple mild stimulations (MMS). TIA promoted the interaction of ANXA1 and CX3CR1, increased the membrane distribution of CX3CR1 in microglia, and thus enhanced the CX3CR1 and CX3CL1 interaction. These phenomena induced by TIA could be reversed by MMS. Meanwhile, the CX3CR1 membrane distribution and CX3CR1-CX3CL1 interaction were upregulated in primary cultured microglia overexpressing ANXA1, and the spine density was significantly reduced in co-cultured microglia overexpressing ANXA1 and neurons. Moreover, ANXA1 overexpression in microglia abolished the protection of MMS after TIA. Collectively, our study provides a potential strategy for treating the delayed synaptic injury caused by TIA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Annexin A1/metabolism , CX3C Chemokine Receptor 1/metabolism , Chemokine CX3CL1 , Cognition , Dendritic Spines/metabolism , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Microglia/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with vestibular migraine (VM) and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods: Forty-eight patients with VM [17 males and 31 females, age (36.2±9.2) years], 44 patients with migraine [15 males and 29 females, age (34.4±9.0) years], and 30 patients with health check-ups during the same period [12 males and 18 females, age (34.6±6.5) years old] were selected as study subjects. Ambulatory ECG monitoring was performed in all subjects, and the HRV characteristics of each group were analyzed from both daytime and nighttime time phases. Time domain parameters were analyzed: standard deviation of normal to normal (SDNN), root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), and percentage of normal to normal intervals differing by more than 50 ms (pNN50). The parameters in the frequency domain were analyzed: high frequency power (HF), low frequency power (LF), and the ratio of low frequency to high frequency power (LF/HF). Statistical analysis of the data was performed using SPSS 26.0 software. Results: At night, RMSSD (F=6.694) and HF (F=9.434) were lower in the VM and migraine groups compared to the control group, while LF/HF (F=16.049) and LF (F=9.434) were elevated compared to the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while LF was significantly elevated in the VM group compared to the migraine group, with a statistically significant (P<0.05). On the daytime measurements, mainly LF was elevated in the vestibular migraine group compared with the control group, while RMSSD was decreased compared with the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). Conclusion: Autonomic dysfunction characterized by sympathetic hyperfunction and vagal hypofunction is present in VM patients and is more pronounced at night. In addition, the degree of autonomic dysfunction may be more pronounced in VM patients than in migraine patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Rate/physiology , Migraine Disorders , Vertigo
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927971

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo biloba Extract( GBE50) Dispersible Tablets is a new standardized prescription,which is widely used in the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However,there are still many problems in its clinical application.Rational and safe use of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets is pivotal to the medication safety and clinical prognosis of patients. This consensus has been jointly formulated by clinical experts of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and followed the Manual for the Clinical Experts Consensus of Chinese Patent Medicine published by the China Association of Chinese Medicine. The present study identified clinical problems based on clinical investigation,searched the research papers according to PICO clinical problems,carried out evidence evaluation,classification,and recommendation by GRADE system,and reached the expert consensus with nominal group technique. The consensus combines evidence with expert experience. Sufficient evidence of clinical problems corresponds to " recommendations",while insufficient evidence to " suggestions". Safety issues of GBE50 Dispersible Tablets,such as indications,usage and dosage,and medication for special populations,are defined to improve clinical efficacy,promote rational medication,and reduce drug risks. This consensus needs to be revised based on emerging clinical issues and evidencebased updates in practical applications in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Disorders/drug therapy , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tablets
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927353

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells in the hippocampus of young mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of AD.@*METHODS@#Forty 1.5-month-old APP/PS1 transgenic male mice were randomly divided into an EA group and a model group, 20 mice in each group, and other 20 C57BL/6J male mice of the same age were used as the normal control group. EA (intermittment wave 10 Hz, 2 mA) was applied to "Baihui" (GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Shenshu" (BL 23) for 20 min, once a day, 6 days a week for 16 weeks. H.E. staining was used to assess histopathological changes of neurons of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. Immunohistochemical stain was used to detect the expression of 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)-positive in the hippocampus, and immunofluorescence double-labeled technique was used to detect the number of proliferated positive neurons of hippocampal neural stem cells. The expression levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and Nestin mRNA and protein were detected by using real-time PCR and Western blot, separately.@*RESULTS@#The immunoactivity of BrdU, and the expression levels of BDNF and Nestin mRNA and protein in the hippocampus in the model group were significantly lower than in the normal control group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and considerably higher in the EA group than in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The number of BrdU/NeuN dual labeled neurons was slightly increased in the model group than in the normal control group (P>0.05), and evidently increased in the EA group relevant to the model group (P<0.05), suggesting a proliferation of hippocampal neural stem cells. After modeling, the neurons of hippocampal dentate gyrus were arranged loosely and irregularly and their structure was fuzzy, with an appearance of different degrees of nuclear pyknosis, whereas in the EA group, the neuronal contour was clear and the nuclear structure was relatively distinct.@*CONCLUSION@#EA can activate the proliferation of neural stem cells in the hippocampus in AD mice, which may contribute to its function in improving the neuronal structure by upregulating the expression of BDNF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Cell Proliferation , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neural Stem Cells
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics and rules of acupoint sensitization phenomena based on knee osteoarthritis (KOA), one of the clinical dominant diseases of acupuncture-moxibustion.@*METHODS@#In combination with literature and expert experiences, the acupoints with the highest use frequency in treatment of KOA were screened, e.g. Heding (EX-LE 2), Liangqiu (ST 34), Mingmen (GV 4), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Ququan (LR 8) and Dubi (ST 35). In 814 patients with KOA and 217 healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature, mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were detected separately. Using machine learning method, the sensitization was judged at each acupoint.@*RESULTS@#Compared with healthy subjects, the acupoint temperature was increased and the mechanic pain threshold and pressure pain threshold were reduced in KOA patients (P<0.05). Besides, the cut-off value was presented to distinguish whether the acupoint was sensitized or not. The results of machine learning showed that the highest prediction accuracy of acupoint sensitization was 86.7% (Shenshu [BL 23]) and the lowest one was 73.9% (Heding [EX LE 2]). The prediction accuracy at the third clinical stage trial was higher, the highest was 93.3% (Ququan [LR 8]) in KOA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#It is confirmed that the acupoint sensitization reflects the characteristics of disease and is correlative with the conditions of illness, which may provide the reference for the auxiliary diagnosis and condition assessment of KOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922994

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the lifestyles for young and middle-aged stroke patients (aged 18 to 59). Methods From October, 2020 to March, 2021, 268 young adult stroke inpatients in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital and 363 healthy controls for healthy examination were collected the basic information (gender, age, marital status and educational level). The lifestyles were investigated with questionnaire based on Activity-Interest-Opinion (AIO) scale and Health Education and Health Advocacy in China, including 26 items in five dimensions of smoking, drinking, sleep, diet and exercise (before the onset for patients). The lifestyles were compared between the two groups, and analyzed with Logistic regression. Results Frequent smoking (OR = 1.383, P = 0.048), frequent passive smoking (OR = 1.511, P < 0.001), less sleeping time (OR = 0.582, P = 0.018), staying up later (OR = 0.400, P < 0.001), irregular meal time (OR = 0.454, P < 0.001), less weekly breakfast (OR = 0.752, P = 0.012), more oil intake (OR = 0.623, P < 0.001), more barbecue and fried food intake (OR = 0.440, P < 0.001), frequent takeaway or catering (OR = 0.716, P < 0.001), more alcohol consumption (OR = 1.502, P < 0.001) and less aerobic exercise (OR = 1.540, P < 0.001) were the risk factors for stroke in young and middle-aged persons. Conclusion Adverse lifestyle affects the occurrence of stroke in young and middle-aged people.

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