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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905980


Diabetic cardiomyopathy occurs in diabetic patients and is different from hypertensive heart disease, coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, and other cardiac abnormalities. The main clinical symptoms are systolic and diastolic cardiac dysfunction, myocardial fibrosis, congestive heart failure, and angina pectoris. As one of the main complications of diabetes, its incidence and fatality rates have been on the rise year by year. However, modern medicine still fails to figure out its pathogenesis and no specific drug is available, which has seriously affected the survival and quality of life of patients. Cardiomyocytes contain a large number of mitochondria, which participate in cardiac energy metabolism and other biological activities and occupy an important position in the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Mitochondrial quality control mainly involves mitochondrial oxidative stress, mitochondrial dynamics, mitochondrial autophagy, and intracellular calcium regulation, which is an important condition for stabilizing the normal mitochondrial structure and exerting normal mitochondrial functions. In recent years, the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine in intervening in mitochondrial quality control through multiple angles, pathways, and targets to affect the structure and function of myocardial mitochondria and significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy has attracted wide attention from scholars. Therefore, this paper reviewed the experimental studies and/or clinical observations concerning the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy with effective compounds of Chinese herbs and/or Chinese herbal compounds in the past ten years to further explain the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy, clarify the regulatory mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in mitochondrial quality control, and summarize the scientific connotations and shortcomings of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy, hoping to provide certain ideas and methods for further clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 34-46, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775468


Intermedin/adrenomedullin-2 (IMD/AM2), a member of the calcitonin gene-related peptide/AM family, plays an important role in protecting the cardiovascular system. However, its role in the enhanced sympathoexcitation in obesity-related hypertension is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of IMD in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus on sympathetic nerve activity (SNA), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sympathetic activation in obesity-related hypertensive (OH) rats induced by a high-fat diet for 12 weeks. Acute experiments were performed under anesthesia. The dynamic alterations of sympathetic outflow were evaluated as changes in renal SNA and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to specific drugs. Male rats were fed a control diet (12% kcal as fat) or a high-fat diet (42% kcal as fat) for 12 weeks to induce OH. The results showed that IMD protein in the PVN was downregulated, but Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and plasma norepinephrine (NE, indicating sympathetic hyperactivity) levels, and systolic blood pressure were increased in OH rats. LPS (0.5 µg/50 nL)-induced enhancement of renal SNA and MAP was greater in OH rats than in obese or control rats. Bilateral PVN microinjection of IMD (50 pmol) caused greater decreases in renal SNA and MAP in OH rats than in control rats, and inhibited LPS-induced sympathetic activation, and these were effectively prevented in OH rats by pretreatment with the AM receptor antagonist AM22-52. The mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) inhibitor U0126 in the PVN partially reversed the LPS-induced enhancement of SNA. However, IMD in the PVN decreased the LPS-induced ERK activation, which was also effectively prevented by AM22-52. Chronic IMD administration resulted in significant reductions in the plasma NE level and blood pressure in OH rats. Moreover, IMD lowered the TLR4 protein expression and ERK activation in the PVN, and decreased the LPS-induced sympathetic overactivity. These results indicate that IMD in the PVN attenuates SNA and hypertension, and decreases the ERK activation implicated in the LPS-induced enhancement of SNA in OH rats, and this is mediated by AM receptors.

Adrenomedullin , Metabolism , Animals , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Hypertension , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Male , Neuropeptides , Metabolism , Obesity , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Adrenomedullin , Metabolism , Sympathetic Nervous System , Metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism
Journal of Medical Informatics ; (12): 36-38,43, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609359


Taking the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University as an example,the information integration platform of the hospital is constructed in accordance with the national data and information interaction standard and HL7 standard.The paper introduces the idea for selecting platform products,and technical route and effect of platform construction,and provides guarantee for sustainable development of the hospital,in order to greatly improve core competitiveness of the hospital.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669429


The paper introduces the extension of medical services of hospitals under the support of the mobile APP follow-up system and its system architecture and functions,and indicates that this system can be applied to promote the communication between doctors and patients,reduce the contradiction between doctors and patients,improve the quality of medical services,reduce the workload of medical care personnel,assist regional medical construction.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469356


Objective To explore the change of Brain natriuretic peptide(BNP) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in artial septal defect(ASD) patients and the relationship among BNP,ET-1 and pulmonary pressure.Methods 105 final diagnosed ASD patients were divide into non-pulmonary hypertension group (nPH group) and pulmonary hypertension group(PH group),and the PH group were divided into two subgroup:slight PH group,moderate and sever PH group.According to the altitude of habitation,105 ASD patients also were divided into 3 groups:< 2 500 m group,2 501-3 500 m group and > 3 500 m group.Plasma BNP were measured by radioimmunity method and ET-1 were measured by ELISA.The data analysis used single factor analysis and Fisher least singnificant difference t test.Results Both the plasma BNP levels (152.34 ± 40.61) pg/ml and ET-1 level (137.69 ± 37.17) pg/ml of the ASD-PH group were significantly higher than those [BNP (126.70 ± 32.27) pg/ml,ET-1 (92.92 ± 32.3) pg/ml] of ASD-nPH group.There were strong difference in plasma BNP levels and ET-1 levels among different degree PH groups(F =6.782,P < 0.05 ; F =8.475,P < 0.05).Statistical difference were also shown in BNP(F =6.846,P < 0.05) and ET-1 (F =9.327,P < 0.05) levels by compared difference altitude groups.The BNP levels are positively correlated with mean pulmonary artery pressure (r =0.326,P < 0.05),size of defect (r=0.301,P<0.05) and the altitude of habitation (r =0.252,P<0.05).Conclusion Plasma BNPand ET-1 levelsof ASD-PH group significantly higher than those of ASD-nPH group.By the increasing of the altitude and PH degree,the plasma BNP and ET-1 levels are increasing,which suggest that BNP and ET-1 play an important role on the proceeding and development of the PH and hypoxia promoted secretion of BNP and ET-1.