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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 265-272, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969833

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the detection and diagnostic efficacy of chest radiographs for ≤30 mm pulmonary nodules and the factors affecting them, and to compare the level of consistency among readers. Methods: A total of 43 patients with asymptomatic pulmonary nodules who consulted in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2012 to 2014 and had chest CT and X-ray chest radiographs during the same period were retrospectively selected, and one nodule ≤30 mm was visible on chest CT images in the whole group (total 43 nodules in the whole group). One senior radiologist with more than 20 years of experience in imaging diagnosis reviewed CT images and recording the size, morphology, location, and density of nodules was selected retrospectively. Six radiologists with different levels of experience (2 residents, 2 attending physicians and 2 associate chief physicians independently reviewed the chest images and recorded the time of review, nodule detection, and diagnostic opinion. The CT imaging characteristics of detected and undetected nodules on X images were compared, and the factors affecting the detection of nodules on X-ray images were analyzed. Detection sensitivity and diagnosis accuracy rate of 6 radiologists were calculated, and the level of consistency among them was compared to analyze the influence of radiologists' seniority and reading time on the diagnosis results. Results: The number of nodules detected by all 6 radiologists was 17, with a sensitivity of detection of 39.5%(17/43). The number of nodules detected by ≥5, ≥4, ≥3, ≥2, and ≥1 physicians was 20, 21, 23, 25, and 28 nodules, respectively, with detection sensitivities of 46.5%, 48.8%, 53.5%, 58.1%, and 65.1%, respectively. Reasons for false-negative result of detection on X-ray images included the size, location, density, and morphology of the nodule. The sensitivity of detecting ≤30 mm, ≤20 mm, ≤15 mm, and ≤10 mm nodules was 46.5%-58.1%, 45.9%-54.1%, 36.0%-44.0%, and 36.4% for the 6 radiologists, respectively; the diagnosis accuracy rate was 19.0%-85.0%, 16.7%-6.5%, 18.2%-80.0%, and 0%-75.0%, respectively. The consistency of nodule detection among 6 doctors was good (Kappa value: 0.629-0.907) and the consistency of diagnostic results among them was moderate or poor (Kappa value: 0.350-0.653). The higher the radiologist's seniority, the shorter the time required to read the images. The reading time and the seniority of the radiologists had no significant influence on the detection and diagnosis results (P>0.05). Conclusions: The ability of radiographs to detect lung nodules ≤30 mm is limited, and the ability to determine the nature of the nodules is not sufficient, and the increase in reading time and seniority of the radiologists will not improve the diagnostic accuracy. X-ray film exam alone is not suitable for lung cancer diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 182-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969823

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical and chest computed tomography (CT) features and the outcome of immune checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonitis (CIP). Methods: Clinical and chest CT data of 38 CIP patients with malignant tumors from the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between August 2017 and April 2021 were retrospectively reviewed, and the outcomes of pneumonitis were followed up. Results: The median time from the administration of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) to the onset of CIP was 72.5 days in 38 patients with CIP, and 22 patients developed CIP within 3 months after the administration of ICIs. The median occurrence time of CIP in 24 lung cancer patients was 54.5 days, earlier than 119.0 days of non-lung cancer patients (P=0.138), with no significant statistical difference. 34 patients (89.5%) were accompanied by symptoms when CIP occurred. The common clinical symptoms were cough (29 cases) and dyspnea (27 cases). The distribution of CIP on chest CT was asymmetric in 31 cases and symmetrical in 7 cases. Among the 24 lung cancer patients, inflammation was mainly distributed ipsilateral to the primary lung cancer site in 16 cases and diffusely distributed throughout the lung in 8 cases. Ground glass opacities (37 cases) and consolidation (30 cases) were the common imaging manifestations, and organizing pneumonia (OP) pattern (15 cases) was the most common pattern. In 30 CIP patients who were followed up for longer than one month, 17 cases had complete absorption (complete absorption group), and 13 cases had partial absorption or kept stable (incomplete absorption group). The median occurrence time of CIP in the complete absorption group was 55 days, shorter than 128 days of the incomplete absorption group (P=0.022). Compared with the incomplete absorption group, there were less consolidation(P=0.010) and CIP were all classified as hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) pattern (P=0.004) in the complete absorption group. Conclusions: CIP often occurs within 3 months after ICIs treatment, and the clinical and CT findings are lack of specificity. Radiologic features may have a profound value in predicting the outcome of CIP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1885-1891, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981407

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Humulus scandens, this study isolated thirteen compounds by different chromatographic methods including silica gel column, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Based on comprehensive analysis, the chemical structures were elucidated and identified as citrunohin A(1), chrysosplenetin(2), casticin(3), neoechinulin A(4), ethyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate(5), 3-hydroxyacetyl-indole(6),(1H-indol-3-yl) oxoacetamide(7), inonotusic acid(8), arteannuin B(9), xanthotoxol(10), α-tocopherol quinone(11), eicosanyl-trans-p-coumarate(12), and 9-oxo-(10E,12E)-octadecadienoic acid(13). Among them, compound 1 was a new dihydrochalcone, and the other compounds were obtained from H. scandens for the first time.


Subject(s)
Humulus , Chalcones , Indoles , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
5.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 535-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Cannabinoids modulate do-pamine(DA)transmission and DA-related behavior,which has been thought to be mediated initially by acti-vation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors(CB1Rs)on GABA neurons.However,the cellular and receptor mechanisms underlying cannabinoids' psychoactive effects are not fully understood.The present study is to explore the pos-sible expression character of CB1Rs and elucidated the underlying mechanism of them.METHODS We took advantage of RNAscope in situ hybridization(ISH)assays and triple-staining assays to detect the CB1R-expressing neurons.We established an optical intracranial self-stimulation(OICSS)behavioral model by using opto-genetics to study dopaminergic reinforcement function.Natural and synthetic cannabinoids were used to study the function of CB1Rs.Conditional genetic depletion of CB1Rs and behavioral assay were performed to study the modulatory role of CB1Rs in DA-related behaviors.RESULTS We found that CB1Rs are also expressed in a subset of DA neurons and functionally underlie cannabi-noid action in male and female mice.ISH assays demon-strated CB1 mRNA in tyrosine hydroxylase(TH)-posi-tive DA neurons in the ventral tegmental area(VTA)and glutamate decarboxylase 1(GAD1)-positive GABA neu-rons.The CB1R expressing DA neurons were located mainly in the middle portion of the VTA with the number of CB1-TH colocalization progressively decreasing from the medial to the lateral VTA.Triple-staining assays indi-cated CB1R mRNA colocalization with both TH and vesicular glutamate transporter 2(VgluT2,a glutamate neuronal marker)in the medial VTA close to the midline of the brain.Optogenetic activation of this population of DA neurons was rewarding as assessed by OICSS.D9-tetrahydrocannabinol(D9-THC)or ACEA(a selective CB1R agonist)dose-dependently inhibited optical intra-cranial self-stimulation in DAT-Cre control mice,but not in conditional knockout mice with the CB1R gene absent in DA neurons.In addition,deletion of CB1Rs from DA neurons attenuated D9-THC-induced reduction in DA release in the NAc,locomotion,and anxiety.CONCLU-SION Our results indicated that CB1Rs are expressed in a subset of DA neurons that corelease DA and gluta-mate,and functionally underlie cannabinoid modulation of DA release and DA-related behavior.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 29-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971491

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the differentially phosphorylated proteins in DENV-2-infected human umbilical venous endothelial cells (HUVECs) and explore the possible pathogenic mechanism of DENV-2 infection.@*METHODS@#The total proteins were extracted from DENV-2-infected HUVECs and blank control HUVEC using SDT lysis method. The phosphorylated proteins were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed using tandem mass spectrometry (TMT). The identified differentially phosphorylated proteins were analyzed by bioinformatics analyses such as subcellular localization analysis, GO enrichment analysis, KEGG pathway analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of phosphorylated Jun, map2k2 and AKT1 proteins in DENV-2-infected HUVECs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2918 modified peptides on 1385 different proteins were detected, and among them 1346 were significantly upregulated (FC > 1.2, P < 0.05) and 1572 were significantly downregulated (FC < 0.83, P < 0.05). A total of 49 phosphorylated conserved motifs were obtained by amino acid conservative motif analysis. The most abundant differentially phosphorylated peptides in protein domain analysis included RNA recognition motif, protein kinase domain and PH domain. Subcellular localization analysis showed that the differentially modified peptides were mainly localized in the nucleus and cytoplasm. GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis showed that the differential peptides were mainly enriched in the regulation of stimulation response, biosynthesis of small molecules containing nuclear bases, and migration of phagosomes and leukocytes across the endothelium. PPI and KEGG joint analysis showed that the up-regulated and down-regulated differentially phosphorylated proteins were enriched in 15 pathways. In DENV-2-infected HUVECs, Western blotting detected differential expressions of phosphorylated proteins related with the autophagy pathway, namely JUN, MAP2K2 and AKT1, and among them p-JUN was significantly down-regulated and p-AKT1 and p-MAP2K2 were significantly upregulated (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#DENV-2 infected HUVECs show numerous differentially expressed proteins. The downregulation of p-JUN and upregulation of p-MAP2K2 and p-AKT1 suggest their potential roles in regulating autophagy, which is probably involved in the mechanism of DENV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autophagy , Cell Death , Cell Nucleus , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/virology , Dengue , Proteome
7.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 532-541, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005819

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish a co-expression lncRNA-mRNA ceRNA network and explore the potential molecular mechanism of lncRNA in dengue fever. 【Methods】 DENV-2-infected and normal pHUVEC were sequenced and screened for differentially expressed lncRNA and mRNA by gene microarray technology. Differentially expressed mRNA was analyzed by protein-protein interaction (PPI), and significantly related co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA was screened by Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The microRNA (miRNA) that bound to co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA was predicted by the database. The ceRNA network of co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA was constructed by Cytoscape software. Finally differentially expressed mRNAs and co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA were analyzed by GO and KEGG enrichment, and co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA was verified by RT-qPCR. 【Results】 At 48 h and 72 h after infection, 105 and 51 differentially expressed mRNAs were obtained, respectively, while 59 and 29 differentially expressed lncRNAs were obtained, respectively. Furthermore, at the two time intervals, there were 10 differential mRNAs and 5 differential lncRNAs, respectively. PPI analysis of differential mRNAs showed that isocratic values of interleukin 6 (IL6), interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 2 (IFIT2), and 2’-5’-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (OAS2) were relatively high. The pairing results of lncRNA-mRNA co-expression analysis with the highest correlation coefficients at 48 h and 72 h after infection were XLOC_001966-SMTNL1 and XLOC_001966-ESR2, respectively. According to Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis, the functions of differentially expressed mRNA and co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA were mainly involved in virus epidemic prevention response, immune response, and signal transduction, as well as the Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway, type I interferon, and cytokine receptor interaction. RT-qPCR revealed that lncRNA XLOC-I2-8991 was upregulated in the co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA, whereas all the other lncRNA and mRNA were downregulated. 【Conclusion】 This study initially revealed the potential lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network during dengue virus infection, and found that co-expressed lncRNA-mRNA was mainly enriched in the immune regulation and signal transduction pathways during virus infection. The findings will help further exploration into the infection mechanism of DENV-2.

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 531-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and imaging features of population receiving opportunistic screening for lung cancer and in convalescent stage of COVID-19.Methods:Cross-sectional study and analysis was performed on the patients who underwent chest low-dose CT examination for cancer prevention in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 28, 2022 to January 19, 2023. All the patients completed the COVID-19 questionnaire. A total of 334 questionnaires were sent out, all of which were recovered, and 321 valid questionnaires were collected, among them, 293 questionnaires were included in the analysis. Statistical analysis was conducted according to the questionnaire information, clinical symptoms and chest CT imaging results. The potential influencing factors of COVID-19 infection were explored, and the imaging characteristics of COVID-19 infection and early stage of lung cancer were compared.Results:A total of 293 patients underwent lung cancer screening during the convalescent stage of COVID-19 infection. A total of 231 (78.8%) cases had cough and 228 (77.8%) cases had fever. 214 (73.0%) cases still had clinical symptoms within 2 weeks after nucleic acid or antigen test showing negative, especially for cough in 171 (58.4%) cases, fatigue in 79 (25.3%) cases and sputum in 73 (24.9%) cases. There were 54 (18.4%) cases with positive chest CT changes. The main imaging findings showed that there were 46 cases with new patchy shadows, 25 cases with linear opacities, 10 cases with ground-glass opacities, 10 cases with nodular like shadows and 2 cases with consolidation, and most lesions were in the subpleural area of both lungs. Univariate analysis showed that positive CT findings were correlated with the time from positive detection of COVID-19 to screening ( P=0.026), age ( P<0.001) and underlying diseases ( P=0.006). Multivariate analysis showed that age≥65 years old ( OR=6.425, 95% CI: 2.688-15.358; P<0.001) and underlying diseases ( OR=2.292, 95% CI: 1.120-4.691; P=0.023) were risk factors for pulmonary imaging changes of COVID-19 infection. For lung cancer opportunistic screening, 36 (12.3%) cases showed ground-glass opacities in bilateral or unilateral lung lobes, among which 4 cases were suspected to be atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and 2 cases s were suspected to be early stage of lung cancer. Conclusions:Abnormal clinical symptoms and chest CT findings are still observed in the patients during the convalescent stage of COVID-19 infection. Age≥65 years, underlying diseases were the high-risk factors for the changes in chest CT imaging after COVID-19 infection. Attention should be paid to the differential diagnosis of chest CT findings between changes in the convalescent stage of COVID-19 and early stage of lung cancer.

9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 370-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935223

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical value of pretreatment 18F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT) in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Methods: Eighty-one patients with pathologically confirmed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and pretreatment with PET-CT scan in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2006 to December 2017 were enrolled in the study. The clinical, follow-up and imaging data were analyzed retrospectively. The relationship between maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) and prognosis were evaluated by Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman rank correlation analysis. Results: Among the 81 patients, 98.8% (80/81) were upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) involved. Lesions at extra-UAT sites were detected in 7 cases, involving parotid gland (n=1), breast (n=1), spleen (n=1), pancreas (n=1), skin and subcutaneous soft tissue (n=1), muscle (n=1), lung (n=2) and bone (n=3). Lymph node involvement were demonstrated in 33 cases. All of the lesions had increased uptake of PET, the median SUVmax was 8.6. PET-CT changed staging in 15 cases, and 12 cases were adjusted treatment methods. 21 cases were changed radiotherapy target because of PET-CT. The 1-, 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 88.7% and 80.3% while 1-, 2-year overall survival (OS) rates were 97.2% and 94.4% respectively. The median SUVmax of patients with local lymph nodes involvement was significantly higher than those without local lymph nodes involvement (P=0.007). The SUVmax was positively associated with Ann Arbor stage (r=0.366, P=0.001), lactate dehydrogenase (r=0.308, P=0.005) and Ki-67 level (r=0.270, P=0.017). The SUVmax was inversely associated with lymphocyte count (r=-0.324, P=0.003) and hemoglobin content (r=-0.225, P=0.043). Conclusions: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma predominantly occurs in extra-nodal organs, mainly in the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts, with marked FDG-addiction. Compared with conventional imaging, 18F-FDG PET-CT is sensitive and comprehensive in detecting extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma involvement, assisting in accurate clinical staging and treatment planning. Pretreatment SUVmax is potential for prognosis evaluation since it is correlated with prognostic factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/radiotherapy , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Prognosis , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1-4, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934206

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy and thoracoscopic lobectomy on patients' respiratory function.Methods:Retrospective analysis of 326 patients who underwent thoracoscopic surgery from July 2016 to July 2019(209 patients underwent anatomical segmentectomy, 117 patients underwent lobectomy). According to variables including gender, age, tumor location, smoking history and BMI, two propensity score-matched cohorts including 89 patients respectively were constructed. The patients’ baseline data and respiratory function date of the patients pre-operation and post-operation were analyzed. The measurement data that obey the normal distribution were described by mean±standard deviation, and the t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data of non-normal distribution was described by the median value( P25, P75), and the Wilcoxon rank sum test was used for the comparison between groups; The data was described by frequency, and the chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability method was used for comparison between groups. Results:At the first-month follow-up after surgery, there was no significant difference in the variation of FVC[(0.48±0.40)L vs.(0.34±0.37)L, P=0.215)and FEV1[(0.52±0.46)L vs.(0.43±0.77)L, P=0.364), and in the change rate of FVC(%)[15.23(8.74, 21.25) vs. 14.58(7.75, 19.40), P=0.122], FEV1(%)[17.25(9.56, 22.78) vs. 16.42(9.15, 20.28), P=0.154]and DLCO(%)[18.54(10.88, 25.68)vs. 17.45(9.58, 23.75) P=0.245]. Between the segmentectomy group and lobectomy group, there was a significant difference in the alteration of FVC[(0.50±0.47)L vs. (0.29±0.31)L, P=0.031] and FEV1[(0.44±0.34)L vs.(0.24±0.23)L, P<0.001], the change rate of FVC(%)[14.27(7.87, 22.32) vs. 9.95(5.56, 17.24), P=0.008]、FEV1(%)[15.23(8.36, 22.17)vs. 10.05(5.15, 18.54), P<0.001]and DLCO(%)[13.74(6.24, 19.78) vs. 4.45(-2.32, 13.75), P=0.023]in the 6th month after surgery. The lobectomy group had a higher variation of FEV1[(0.34±0.49)L vs.(0.18±0.26)L, P=0.006] and change rate of FVC(%)[9.28(2.15, 18.94) vs. 5.24(0.52, 11.45), P=0.0032] and FEV1(%)[10.45(3.15, 21.32) vs. 6.50(1.55, 14.24), P<0.001] in the first year after surgery. However, the variation of FVC[(0.29±0.36)L vs.(0.21±0.24)L, P=0.176) and the change rate of DLCO(%)[8.35(2.15, 16.45) vs. 6.23(2.12, 14.54), P=0.143] didn't show a significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion:Whether in the short or the middle postoperative period, segmentectomy can preserve postoperative respiratory function than lobectomy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 185-193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934031

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) on AMPK/ERK/mTOR autophagy signaling pathway in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) after dengue virus type 2 (DENV2) infection.Methods:The virulence of DENV2 to C6/36 cells was assessed with 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID 50). NS1 gene fragments in DENV2-infected HUVEC were detected by RT-PCR. Transmission electron microscopy was used to detect autophagosomes. Western blot was performed to detect the effects of DENV2 infection on the expression of autophagy-related protein LC3-Ⅱ and MIF in HUVEC. The correction of MIF with LC3-Ⅱ was then analyzed. HUVEC were pretreated with MIF inhibitor (ISO-1) or pathway inhibitor (Compound C or U0126), and then the changes in the expression of MIF, adenosine 5′-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway-related proteins and LC3-Ⅱ after DENV2 infection were detected by Western blot to reveal the correlation between MIF and AMPK autophagy pathway. Results:The TCID 50 to C6/36 cells was 10 -9.09/ml in this experiment. NS1 gene fragments were detected in DENV2-infected HUVEC. Autophagosomes or autophagolysosomes were observed in the infected HUVEC and there were differences in autophagy induced by different doses of DENV2. The mRNA levels of MIF and LC3-Ⅱ in HUVEC were positively correlated after DENV2 infection. MIF inhibitor affected AMPK, ERK and LC3-Ⅱ levels, but had no significant influence on MIF expression at protein level. Conclusions:MIF could affect autophagy through regulating the AMPK/ERK/mTOR signaling pathway in HUVEC during DENV2 infection.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3494-3501, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964324

ABSTRACT

Depression is a common emotional mental disorder. Patients not only continuously showed depression, pessimism and apathy in mood, but also have gastrointestinal symptoms such as anorexia and constipation in body. Widely attention has been also received in the potential biological role of gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of depression. It plays an important role in the interaction between the intestine and the brain, not only affecting the intestinal barrier function, but also maintaining the homeostasis of host through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. In recent years, the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the advantages of obvious therapeutic effects and few side effects when treating neuropsychiatric diseases, such as depression. The pharmacological mechanism of TCM exerting antidepressant effects by regulating the structure of gut microbiota, reducing displacement, and maintaining the normal function of gut microbiota has been also widely concerned. By investigating the relevant literature in recent years, this paper summarizes the antidepressant effect of TCM in different directions such as Chinese medicine monomer, single medicine and compound medicine. And this paper reviews the antidepressant effects and mechanisms of TCM at different levels, such as the correction of gut microbiota structure, the regulation of immunity, the transplantation of gut microbiota and the regulation of its metabolites. This paper will provide a basis for further explaining the mechanism of gut microbiota in depression and the mechanism of antidepressant effect of TCM.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 705-708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955515

ABSTRACT

In 2012, Chongqing Medical University was approved to be the first batch of pilot universities in China for excellent doctor education and training program, which started the exploration of "early clinical, multi-clinical and repeated clinical" for medical students, and put it into practice in clinical medicine of Batch 2015 ("5+3" integrated specialty). This paper applies the methods of literature research, questionnaire survey and empirical research to understand the needs and suggestions of students for clinical practice. It is suggested that the concept of "early clinical practice" should be integrated into the theoretical teaching, the teaching method of "case introduction" should be adopted in the course of integrated medicine education, the course of Clinical Skills should be reformed, the clinical practice activities such as "early admission to the ward" should be carried out, and the evaluation system of clinical practice should be rebuilt, hoping to provide references for the exploration of "early clinical, multi-clinical and repeated clinical" in medical education of other colleges and universities.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-183, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940328

ABSTRACT

By consulting ancient herbal medicines, medical and prescription books, combined with modern documents, the textual research of Morindae Officinalis Radix has been conducted to verify the name, origin, changes in production areas, quality evaluation, harvesting, and processing methods, so as to provide reference and basis for the development and utilization of the famous classical formulas. After textual research, the production areas of Morindae Officinalis Radix has experienced great changes from north to south in history. The original plants involve 11 families, 14 genera and 21 species, and the mainstream varieties in ancient times were Damnacanthus officinarum and D. indicus, and the basis of Morindae Officinalis Radix in modern times has changed into the dry roots of Morinda officinalis produced in Guangdong province and other places. The medicinal parts of Morindae Officinalis Radix in ancient and modern times are all roots, and the quality is better if it has many beads, thick flesh, and purple color. Ancient medical books recorded that it was usually harvested in February and August, dried in the shade, and used to remove the wood core. And the modern harvesting and processing method is to dig throughout the year, first remove the fibrous roots, dry in the sun until 60%-70% dry, gently beat flatten and dry in the sun. The processing methods of the past dynasties are mainly salt-, vinegar-, wine-processed, etc. Based on the systematic research of Morindae Officinalis Radix, from the perspective of clinical experience and safety and effectiveness, it is recommended that the famous classical formulas should be developed from the mainstream variety since modern times, namely Morindae Officinalis Radix.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 350-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973418

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of PET/CT imaging conditions (acquisition time, bed overlap, reconstruction matrix, iteration times, filter kernel size, and attenuation correction) on the spatial resolution of images. Methods Two PET/CT devices, GE Discovery Elite and GE Discovery ST-16, were used to scan the elliptical column resolution model in one and two beds (list mode, acquisition time of 6 min). Images were reconstructed under the commonly used clinical reconstruction conditions (Elite: VPFX-S algorithm, ST-16: VUE Point HD algorithm) at 1-6 min/bed, different iteration times of 2-10 times, different filter kernel sizes of 2.0-10.0 mm (Elite), and different reconstruction matrices, with attenuation correction or not. The spatial resolution of reconstructed PET images was represented by the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the line spread function. Results Under the clinical acquisition conditions, when the acquisition time was 1 min, 2 min, 3 min, 4 min, 5 min, and 6 min, the FWHMElite of spatial resolution at the center of field of view was (4.06 ± 0.08) mm, (4.05 ± 0.20) mm, (4.01 ± 0.01) mm, (4.05 ± 0.07) mm, (4.05 ± 0.03) mm, and (4.08 ± 0.06) mm, and the FWHMST-16 was (5.76 ± 0.12) mm, (5.72 ± 0.11) mm, (5.74 ± 0.09) mm, (5.78 ± 0.05) mm, (5.75 ± 0.09) mm, and (5.77 ± 0.07) mm. When the phantom was located in the center of one bed and the overlap of two beds, the line FWHMElite at the center was (4.04 ± 0.01) mm and (4.04 ± 0.01) mm, and the FWHMST-16 was (5.39 ± 0.19) mm and (5.38 ± 0.07) mm, respectively. The FWHMElite at the center was (4.07 ± 0.18) mm, (4.25 ± 0.10) mm, and (4.73 ± 0.08) mm at the matrices of 256 × 256, 192 × 192, and 128 × 128, respectively. The FWHMElite at the center was (4.65 ± 0.43) mm, (4.77 ± 0.27) mm, (4.02 ± 0.01) mm, (4.11 ± 0.04) mm, and (9.94 ± 0.01) mm at the filter kernel sizes of 2.0 mm-10.0 mm (interval of 2.0 mm), respectively. The FWHMElite at the center was (4.17 ± 0.27) mm, (4.27 ± 0.21) mm, (4.11 ± 0.05) mm, (4.18 ± 0.04) mm, and (4.12 ± 0.06) mm at 2-10 iterations (interval of 2 times), respectively. The FWHMElite at the center was (4.14 ± 0.01) mm and (4.18 ± 0.08) mm with and without attenuation correction, respectively. At the same acquisition time and bed, the spatial resolution of Elite images was improved by about 40.57% compared with that of ST-16 images. Conclusion The spatial resolution of images obtained at the matrix of 256 × 256 is higher than that of images obtained at the matrices of 192 × 192 and 128 × 128 in the same model. Elite images have the best spatial resolution at the reconstruction filter kernel size of 6.0 mm. Under the same imaging conditions, Elite images show significantly better spatial resolution compared with ST-16 images. Acquisition time, overlap of beds, iteration times, and attenuation correction have no significant effect on the spatial resolution of PET images.

16.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 478-496, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951997

ABSTRACT

Tweety-homolog 1 (Ttyh1) is expressed in neural tissue and has been implicated in the generation of several brain diseases. However, its functional significance in pain processing is not understood. By disrupting the gene encoding Ttyh1, we found a loss of Ttyh1 in nociceptors and their central terminals in Ttyh1-deficient mice, along with a reduction in nociceptor excitability and synaptic transmission at identified synapses between nociceptors and spinal neurons projecting to the periaqueductal grey (PAG) in the basal state. More importantly, the peripheral inflammation-evoked nociceptor hyperexcitability and spinal synaptic potentiation recorded in spinal-PAG projection neurons were compromised in Ttyh1-deficient mice. Analysis of the paired-pulse ratio and miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents indicated a role of presynaptic Ttyh1 from spinal nociceptor terminals in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. Interfering with Ttyh1 specifically in nociceptors produces a comparable pain relief. Thus, in this study we demonstrated that Ttyh1 is a critical determinant of acute nociception and pain sensitization caused by peripheral inflammation.

17.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 20-25, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the hypoxia response gene and microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in the pathogenesis and progression of oral leukoplakia (OLK).@*METHODS@#Affymetrix GeneChip human transcriptome array 2.0 was used to detect the transcriptome of normal mucosa, low-risk OLK, high-risk OLK, and early squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Gene ontology function analysis was used to screen genes and key miRNAs whose biological role is hypoxia response. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase ch-ain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression of hypoxia response genes and miRNAs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 different genes of hypoxia response between normal mucosa and low-risk OLK, 10 genes between low-risk and high-risk OLK, and 21 genes between high-risk OLK and SCC were identified. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, chemokine cc-motif ligand 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 3 mRNA and miR-21 in normal mucosa, OLK, and SCC increased in a stepwise manner. The expression difference between OLK and SCC was statistically significant and consistent with the results of transcriptome array.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The hypoxia response gene and related miRNA play roles in the development and progression of OLK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinogenesis , Hypoxia , Leukoplakia, Oral , MicroRNAs , Mouth Neoplasms , Transcriptome
18.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 570-574, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912804

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the demand of physicians in 2020-2035 period by constructing an unequal weight combination forecasting model, and to provide scientific reference for health manpower planning.Methods:This study called into play the trend extrapolation method, human/population ratio method and health service demand method to preliminarily predict the demand of physicians in 2020-2035, followed by Delphi method to carry out unequal weight combination of the results of these three methods. Hence the physicians demand in 2020-2035 in China was calculated.Results:Based on the unequal weight combination forecasting model, the physicians demand of the period in China was estimated to increase from 2.64 people / 1 000 population to 3.67 people / 1 000 population, and the physicians demand to gradually increase at a growth rate in gradual slowdown.Conclusions:This research used the unequal weight combination forecast model, based on the service demand and the historical situation. It is suggested that relevant policies of medical education and specialists division be made based on both the demand and the factors affecting the supply and demand balance of physicians.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 380-384, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912763

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the setup basis and registration rules of the practice scope of physicians in China, and take into account the current situation of individual provinces, for suggestions on further revision of the practice scope of these physicians.Methods:Relevant documents on practice scope setup were retrieved from such databases as CNKI, Wanfang and Weipu databases, while relevant national policies, laws and regulations were reviewed. On-site visits were conducted to health committees and medical institutions in 7 provinces from June 2020 through December 2020. Seminars and special interviews were held with relevant management personnel and doctors of different positions, for the purpose of learning the current physician practice scope setup and their suggestions for reform. Data gained from the above methods were summarized to arrive at reform suggestions for optimizing China′s practice scope setup, with further improvement made based on expert consultation method.Results:Several setbacks were found in the setup of their practice scope in China, namely as unclear setup principles, generalized setup of the national standards, inconsistent setup standards among the provinces, prohibition of cross-category registration, and roadblocks against in changing scope of practice. As the setup of the practice scope should set free manpower, unleash vitality, and delegate power, the practice scope should be changed to three categories of " discipline" , " discipline+ technology" and " comprehensive" . Physicians should be entitled to register separately as " discipline" and " discipline+ technology" as their practice scope, with " comprehensive" practice scope approved by a simple procedure of a notice.Conclusions:The setup and modification of the practice scope should be in a general rather than detailed manner, and conducive to the development of related disciplines. Such measures should also fully unleash the vitality of Chinese physicians, and take into account of both peacetime and emergencies, and both medical service and prevention.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 375-379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the current setup of diagnosis and treatment subjects in China and make reform suggestions in light of existing problems.Methods:Relevant documents on medical institutions′ diagnosis and treatment subjects setup were retrieved from such databases as CNKI, Wanfang and Weipu database, while relevant national policies, laws and regulations were reviewed. On-site visits were conducted to health committees and medical institutions in 7 provinces from June 2020 through December 2020. Seminars and special interviews were held with relevant management personnel and doctors of different positions, for the purpose of learning the current medical institutions′ diagnosis and treatment subjects and their suggestions for reform. Data gained from the above methods were summarized to arrive at reform suggestions for optimizing China′s medical institutions′ diagnosis and treatment subjects, with further improvement made based on expert consultation method.Results:Problems found focus on such areas as inconsistent setup standards for medical treatment subjects, multiple overlapping services, and unclear numbering rules. Based on the disease list and skill list of the DRG system, a novel diagnosis and treatment subject setup method guided by service items could be established. Otherwise, the numbering and categories could changed on the current basis to correct existing problems. The subjects could be divided into such five categories as clinical, oral, traditional Chinese medicine, medical technology, and comprehensive, with level-1 and level-2 subjects set up respectively.Conclusions:In terms of subject functions, the setup of diagnosis and treatment subjects should be regularly adjusted or filed, instead of complete equivalence with administratively licensed subjects. As the current setup of diagnosis and treatment subjects had been in place for years, and had become key references for the department setup and performance appraisal of medical institutions, it was proposed to make adjustment on the current basis for the purpose of correcting existing problems.

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