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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 642-650, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979218

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of myosin heavy chain 7 gene-derived miRNA-208b-3p on the fibrotic phenotype of cardiac fibroblasts. MethodsmiRNA chip array was performed to detect the dysregulated miRNAs in the myocardium of diabetic db/db mice and db/m control mice. Neonatal mouse ventricular cardiomyocytes (NMVCs) and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were isolated from C57BL/6 mice and cultured. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was conducted to determine the expression of miR-208b-3p in mouse CFs and NMVCs subjected to angiotensinⅡ(AngⅡ) and high glucose plus glucose oxidase (G/Go) treatment, respectively. Cell counting kit 8(CCk8) assay, flow cytometry and determination of fibrosis-related protein, including COL1A1, COL3A1and α-SMA, were performed in mCFs transfected with miR-208b-3p. Dual luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm the interaction between miR-208b-3p and the 3'-UTR of metal response element binding transcription factor 2 (Mtf2) and progesterone receptor membrane component 1(Pgrmc1), respectively. The expressions of Mtf2 and Pgrmc1 at the mRNA and protein levels in mCFs after miR-208b-3p mimic transfection were determined using RT-qPCR and Western blot assay, respectively. The small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to inhibit Mtf2 and Pgrmc1 expression in mCFs, and the effects of Mtf2 siRNA, Pgrmc1 siRNA and miR-208b-3p on fibrosis-related protein expression in mCFs were investigated. ResultsResults of miRNA chip array and RT-qPCR assay showed that miR-208b-3p was up-regulated in the myocardium of the diabetic db/db mice. miR-208b precursor and the host gene of Myh7 were consistently increased in db/db mice. miR-208b-3p and Myh7 mRNA were expressed in mCFs and NMVCs, but the levels of miR-208b-3p and Myh7 mRNA in NMVCs were much higher than those in mCFs. miR-208b-3p was up-regulated in mCFs and NMVCs subjected to Ang Ⅱ and G/Go treatment, respectively. miR-208b-3p could significantly enhance fibrosis-related protein, including COL1A1, COL3A1 and α-SMA, in mCFs, without affecting the proliferation activity and cell cycle distribution of mCFs. Dual luciferase reporter assay revealed the interactions of miR-208b-3p with the 3'-UTR of Mtf2 and Pgrmc1. The results of RT-qPCR and Western blotting confirmed that miR-208b-3p inhibited Mtf2 and Pgrmc1 expression at the post- transcriptional level. Transfection with miR-208b-3p mimic, Mtf2 siRNA and Pgrmc1 siRNA could consistently enhance the fibrosis-related protein expression in the cardiac fibroblasts. ConclusionsmiR-208b-3p enhances fibrosis-related gene expression by targeting Mtf2 and Pgrmc1in mCFs.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1249-1253, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941466

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To improve the social skills of children with ASD by using Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills(PEERS ), and to reduce the uncertainty towards ASD and negative emotions for mothers of ASD children.@*Methods@#From September to October 2017, 30 dyads of autistic mother and child were recruited and divided into intervention group and control group (15 mother child dyads each). Based on the content of PEERS social skill, cognitive behavior therapy was delivered in group format, through demonstration, role play and group exercise. At the same time, mother child dyads were trained using parallel social technology. Mothers and children with ASD were investigated using Parents Perception of Uncertainty Scale (PPUS), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), Chinese Version of the Beck Depression Inventory II(BDI-Ⅱ-C), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), State Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI-Form Y), and Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Cildhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ).@*Results@#Changes in ASD symptom score in children and emotional score of mothers in the intervention group were less than 0. The total score of mother disease uncertainty(74.93±13.58, 90.40± 9.21 ), ambiguity(31.13±7.07, 38.93±4.73), lack of clarity information(11.93±2.09, 13.80±2.54), unpredictability(9.60±1.99, 12.07±2.89), significantly changed after intervention( t =-3.65, -3.55, -2.20, -2.72, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Social PEERS group intervention can enhance the social skills of children with ASD, reduce uncertainty of illness among mother of ASD children. Timely disease related information, guidance for mothers to actively participate in child care and training, might help to reduce cognitive bias, depressive and anxiety symptoms among mothers.

3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 612-620, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943043

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of high risk factors questionnaire (HRFQ), Asia-Pacific colorectal screening (APCS) score and their combinations with fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in screening advanced colorectal neoplasia, in order to provide an evidence for further optimization of cancer screening program. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was used to summarize and analyze the results of colorectal tumor screening in Jiashan County, Zhejiang Province from March 2017 to July 2018. Those with severe diseases that were not suitable for colonoscopy and those with mental and behavioral abnormalities who can not cooperate with the screening were excluded. Those who met any one or more of the followings in the HRFQ questionnaire were classified as high-risk people of HRFQ: (1) first-degree relatives with a history of colorectal cancer; (2) subjects with a history of cancer or any other malignant tumor; (3) subjects with a history of intestinal polyps; (4) those with two or more of the followings: chronic constipation (constipation lasted for more than 2 months per year in the past two years), chronic diarrhea (diarrhea lasted for more than 3 months in the past two years, and the duration of each episode was more than one week), mucus and bloody stools, history of adverse life events (occurring within the past 20 years and causing greater trauma or distress to the subject after the event), history of chronic appendicitis or appendectomy, history of chronic biliary disease or cholecystectomy. In this study, those who were assessed as high risk by HRFQ were recorded as "HRFQ (+)", and those who were not at high risk were recorded as "HRFQ (-)". The APCS questionnaire provided risk scores based on 4 risk factors including age, gender, family history and smoking: (1) age: 2 points for 50-69 years old, 3 points for 70 years old and above; (2) gender: 1 point for male, 0 point for women; (3) family history: 2 points for first-degree relatives suffering from colorectal cancer; (4) smoking: 1 point for current or past smoking, 0 point for non-smokers. The population was divided into low-risk (0-1 point), intermediate-risk (2-3 points), and high-risk (4-7 points). Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS were recorded as "APCS (+)", and those with intermediate and low risk were recorded as "APCS (-)". The hemoglobin threshold for a positive FIT was set to 100 μg/L. Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with positive FIT were recorded as "APCS+FIT (+)". Those who were assessed as high risk by APCS with negative FIT, those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle risk with positive FIT, and those who were assessed by APCS as low-middle with negative FIT were all recorded as "APCS+FIT(-)". Observation indicators in this study were as follows: (1) the screening compliance rate of the cohort and the detection of advanced colorectal tumors; (2) positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity and specificity of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors; (3) comparison of the detection rate between HRFQ and APCS questionnaire for different colorectal lesions. Using SPSS 21.0 software, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the clinical value of HRFQ and APCS combined with FIT in screening advanced colorectal tumors. Results: From 2017 to 2018 in Jiashan County, a total of 53 268 target subjects were screened, and 42 093 people actually completed the questionnaire, with a compliance rate of 79.02%. A total of 8145 cases underwent colonoscopy. A total of 3607 cases among HRFQ positive population (5320 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 67. 80%; 8 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 88 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. A total of 2977 cases among APCS positive population (11 942 cases) underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 24.93%; 17 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 148 cases were advanced colorectal adenoma. The positive rate of HRFQ screening was lower than that of APCS [12.6% (5320/42 093) vs. 28.4% (11 942/42 093), χ2=3195. 547, P<0.001]. In the FIT positive population (6223 cases), a total of 4894 cases underwent colonoscopy, and the colonoscopy compliance rate was 78.64%; 34 cases were diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 224 cases were advanced adenoma. The positive predictive values of HRFQ and APCS and their combination with FIT for screening advanced colorectal tumors were 2.67%, 5.54%, 5.44%, and 8.56%; negative predictive values were 94.89%, 96.85%, 96.11% and 96.99%; sensitivity was 29.27%, 50.30%, 12.20 % and 39.02%; specificity was 55.09%, 64.03%, 91.11% and 82.51%, respectively. The ROC curves constructed by HRFQ, APCS, FIT, HRFQ+FIT and APCS+FIT indicated that APCS+FIT presented the highest efficacy in screening advanced colorectal tumors (AUC: 0.608, 95%CI: 0.574-0.642). The comparison of the detection rates of different colorectal lesions between HRFQ and APCS questionnaires showed that there were no significant differences in detection rate of inflammatory polyps and hyperplastic polyps between the two questionnaires (both P>0.05). However, as compared to HRFQ questionnaire, APCS questionnaire had higher detection rates in non-advanced adenomas [26.10% (777/2977) vs. 19.43% (701/3607), χ2=51.228, P<0.001], advanced adenoma [4.97% (148/2977) vs. 2.44% (88/3607), χ2=30.249, P<0.001] and colorectal cancer [0.57% (17 /2977) vs. 0.22% (8/3607), χ2=5.259, P=0.022]. Conclusions: APCS has a higher detection rate of advanced colorectal tumors than HRFQ. APCS combined with FIT can further improve the effectiveness of advanced colorectal tumor screening.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/diagnosis , Asia , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Constipation , Diarrhea , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Feces , Mass Screening/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935137

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the safety and efficacy of combined left atrial appendage (LAA) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in adult atrial fibrillation (AF) patients complicating with PFO. Methods: This study is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Seven patients with AF complicated with PFO diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Zhoupu Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences from June 2017 to October 2020 were selected. Basic data such as age, gender and medical history were collected. The atrial septal defect or PFO occluder and LAA occluder were selected according to the size of PFO, the ostia width and depth of LAA. Four patients underwent left atrial appendage closure(LAAC) and PFO closure at the same time. PFO closure was performed during a one-stop procedure of cryoablation combined with LAAC in 2 patients. One patient underwent PFO closure at 10 weeks after one-stop procedure because of recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). All patients continued to take oral anticoagulants. TEE was repeated 8-12 weeks after intervention. In case of device related thrombus(DRT), TEE shall be rechecked 6 months after adjusting anticoagulant and antiplatelet drug treatment. Patients were follow-up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months by telephone call, and the occurrence of cardio-cerebrovascular events was recorded. Results: Among the 7 patients with AF, 2 were male, aged (68.0±9.4) years, and 3 had a history of recurrent cerebral infarction and TIA. Average PFO diameter was (3.5±0.8)mm. Three patients were implanted with Watchman LAA occluder (30, 30, 33 mm) and atrial septal defect occluder (8, 9, 16 mm). 2 patients were implanted with LAmbre LAA occluder (34/38, 18/32 mm) and PFO occluder (PF1825, PF2525). 2 patients were implanted with LACbes LAA occluder (24, 28 mm) and PFO occluder (PF2525, PF1825) respectively. The patients were followed up for 12 (11, 24) months after operation. TEE reexamination showed that the position of LAA occluder and atrial septal defect occluder or PFO occluder was normal in all patients. DRT was detected in 1 patient, and anticoagulant therapy was adjusted in this patient. 6 months later, TEE showed that DRT disappeared. No cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events occurred in all patients with AF during follow-up. Conclusions: In AF patients complicated with PFO, LAAC combined with PFO closure may have good safety and effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 194-196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927358

ABSTRACT

Professor LU Fan adheres to the principle in clinical practice, "the needling principle concentrated on regulating qi ". She takes the advantages of shallow needling technique of acupuncture in treatment of various diseases, e.g. exogenous disease, initial onset of disorder, chronic bi disorder, intractable diseases, disorder of yang nature, disorder of heat nature, thin body, pediatric diseases, disorders on the unilateral side of the body and acute diseases. Besides in compliance with classics, she has broadened the application scope of shallow needling technique of acupuncture and improved the clinical therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Vascular Surgical Procedures
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 135-144, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927589

ABSTRACT

Vestibular compensation is an important model for developing the prevention and intervention strategies of vestibular disorders, and investigating the plasticity of the adult central nervous system induced by peripheral injury. Medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) in brainstem is critical center for vestibular compensation. Its neuronal excitability and sensitivity have been implicated in normal function of vestibular system. Previous studies mainly focused on the changes in neuronal excitability of the MVN in lesional side of the rat model of vestibular compensation following the unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL). However, the plasticity of sensitivity of bilateral MVN neurons dynamically responding to input stimuli is still largely unknown. In the present study, by using qPCR, whole-cell patch clamp recording in acute brain slices and behavioral techniques, we observed that 6 h after UL, rats showed a significant deficit in spontaneous locomotion, and a decrease in excitability of type B neurons in the ipsilesional rather than contralesional MVN. By contrast, type B neurons in the contralesional rather than ipsilesional MVN exhibited an increase in response sensitivity to the ramp and step input current stimuli. One week after UL, both the neuronal excitability of the ipsilesional MVN and the neuronal sensitivity of the contralesional MVN recovered to the baseline, accompanied by a compensation of spontaneous locomotion. In addition, the data showed that the small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SK) channel involved in the regulation of type B MVN neuronal sensitivity, showed a selective decrease in expression in the contralesional MVN 6 h after UL, and returned to normal level 1 week later. Pharmacological blockage of SK channel in contralateral MVN to inhibit the UL-induced functional plasticity of SK channel significantly delayed the compensation of vestibular motor dysfunction. These results suggest that the changes in plasticity of the ipsilesional MVN neuronal excitability, together with changes in the contralesional MVN neuronal sensitivity, may both contribute to the development of vestibular symptoms as well as vestibular compensation, and SK channel may be an essential ionic mechanism responsible for the dynamic changes of MVN neuronal sensitivity during vestibular compensation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Locomotion , Neurons/physiology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Vestibular Nuclei/metabolism , Vestibule, Labyrinth
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 426-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955984

ABSTRACT

Physical restraints are widely used in hospitalized and critically ill patients, especially in intensive care unit (ICU), to prevent adverse events such as the accidental removal of various monitoring leads, therapeutic tubes, and self-injury or injury to others due to delirium and irritation. The existing restraint measures directly bind the upper limbs of the patients to the hospital bed, which often brings psychological harm to the patients and leads to disuse muscular atrophy. Early rehabilitation therapy can help improve the prognosis of patients, but it is difficult to be widely used in ICU due to being heavily dependent on nursing and rehabilitation physicians. A novel restraint device to facilitate rehabilitation training for critically ill patients was designed by the medical staff from the department of critical care medicine of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University and obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2020 2 2492749.6). The device is mainly composed of a cross beam and a locking device whose two ends are connected by a rocker arm, an upper limb stopper and an upper body stopper. The upper limb and body restraint provide restrictions on the movement of the head, the upper limb, and the upper body. The angle limiter prevents the patient from pulling out the treatment tube by himself, and at the same time retains the ability to grasp the crossbar and rotate it, and the sliding block further increases the activity space, to meet the exercise of the patient's upper limb muscle strength. Carrying out physical rehabilitation training as early as possible during ICU treatment can relieve the patient's resistance to passive restraint, reduce the incidence of disuse muscle atrophy, eliminate the potential hidden dangers of medical disputes, and ultimately improve the prognosis of patients.

8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 338-342, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887864

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of trans-lymphatic contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)in the diagnosis of cervical lymph node metastasis of thyroid cancer. Methods The patients with suspected thyroid cancer underwent conventional ultrasound and trans-lymphatic CEUS examinations before the biopsy.The differences in ultrasound and CEUS characteristics of cervical lymph nodes between the metastatic group and the non-metastatic group were compared,and pathological results were regarded as the golden standard. Results Twenty patients had thyroid cancer,including 12 cases with lymph node metastasis and 8 cases without metastasis.The diagnostic sensitivity(91.7%


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2825-2835, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887845

ABSTRACT

Biosynthesis of nanomaterials has attracted much attention for its excellent characteristics such as low energy consumption, high safety, and environmental friendliness. As we all know, the toxic selenite can be transformed into higher-value nanomaterials by using bacteria. In this study, nano-selenium was synthesized by halophilic Bacillus subtilis subspecies stercoris strain XP in LB medium supplemented with selenite (electron acceptor). The physicochemical characteristics of nano-selenium were analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectral analysis (EDAX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Meanwhile, the antifungal activity of nano-selenium to strawberry pathogens (fusarium wilt, erythema, and purple spot fungi) was determined. The products from reduction of selenite by strain XP was amorphous spherical selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with a diameter range of 135-165 nm. The production of SeNPs was positively correlated with time (0-48 h) and no changes were observed on cell morphology. Selenium was dominant in the surface of SeNPs where the organic elements (C, O, N, and S) existed at the same time. SeNPs were coated with biomolecules containing functional groups (such as -OH, C=O, N-H, and C-H) which were associated with the stability and bioactivity of particles. Although the highest concentration of SeNPs had significant (P<0.05) inhibitory effects on three strains of strawberry pathogens, antifungal activity to erythema and fusarium wilt pathogenic fungi was higher than that to purple spot pathogenic fungi from strawberry. In conclusion, strain XP not only has strong tolerance to high salt stress, but can be also used to synthesize biological SeNPs with good stability and biological activity. Thus, the strain XP has bright perspectives and great potential advantage in pathogens control and green selenium-rich strawberry planting as well as other fields.


Subject(s)
Bacillus subtilis , Fragaria , Nanoparticles , Selenious Acid , Selenium
10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 243-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875259

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare and correlate the findings of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and arterial spin labeling (ASL) imaging in characterizing parotid gland tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 56 patients with parotid gland tumors evaluated by MR imaging. The true diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and fraction of perfusion (f) values of IVIM imaging and tumor-to-parotid gland signal intensity ratio (SIR) on ASL imaging were calculated. Spearman rank correlation coefficient, chi-squared, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis tests with the post-hoc Dunn-Bonferroni method and receiver operating characteristic curve assessments were used for statistical analysis. @*Results@#Malignant parotid gland tumors showed significantly lower D than benign tumors (p = 0.019). Within subgroup analyses, pleomorphic adenomas (PAs) showed significantly higher D than malignant tumors (MTs) and Warthin’s tumors (WTs) (p < 0.001). The D* of WTs was significantly higher than that of PAs (p = 0.031). The f and SIR on ASL imaging of WTs were significantly higher than those of MTs and PAs (p < 0.05). Significantly positive correlation was found between SIR on ASL imaging and f (r = 0.446, p = 0.001). In comparison with f, SIR on ASL imaging showed a higher area under curve (0.853 vs. 0.891) in discriminating MTs from WTs, although the difference was not significant (p = 0.720). @*Conclusion@#IVIM and ASL imaging could help differentiate parotid gland tumors. SIR on ASL imaging showed a significantly positive correlation with f. ASL imaging might hold potential to improve the ability to discriminate MTs from WTs.

11.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 155-158, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882317

ABSTRACT

Compared with percutaneous oxygen saturation(SpO 2), cerebral regional tissue oxygen saturation(CrSO 2)reflects the mixed oxygen saturation of brain tissue, and its change is closely correlated with the metabolism of brain tissue after birth.Near-infrared spectroscopy(NIRS)is a non-invasive continuous monitoring technology, which can provide information about changes in blood flow and damage of brain tissue.For now, NIRS has been used as a routine monitoring method in some neonatal intensive care units.Although the current research has not clearly proposed the diagnostic significance of NIRS in neonatal brain injury, current studies have found that detecting changes in CrSO 2 and corresponding interventions in abnormal values can reduce the incidence of brain injury in premature infants.The relationship between CrSO 2 and brain injury and the factors affecting CrSO 2 are still the current research hotspots.This article reviews the factors affecting the changes of CrSO 2 and clinical interventions to maintain its stability.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 81-84, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the exercise capacity of patients with occupational pneumoconiosis with varying degrees of pulmonary dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 488 hospitalized occupational pneumoconiosis patients were selected as study subjects using the judgment sampling method and examined for pulmonary function test and cardiopulmonary exercise test(CPET). Among them, 272 patients with normal lung function were assigned as the control group, and 216 patients with abnormal lung function as the case group. The case group was divided into mild, moderate and severe pulmonary dysfunction subgroups according to the forced expiratory volume in one second/predicted value ratio(FEV_1%pred).RESULTS: The FEV_1%pred, maximal voluntary ventilation(MVV), maximum exercise tidal volume(VT_(max)), breathing reserve(BR), maximal Watt(W_(max)), maximum oxygen uptake(VO_(2max)) and anaerobic threshold(AT) in patients of the case group were lower than that in the control group(all P<0.05). The FEV_1%pred, MVV, VT_(max), W_(max), and VO_(2max) in patients in the 3 subgroups of abnormal lung function were decreased(all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The VO_(2max) and AT decreased in the case group with the increase of the degree of pulmonary dysfunction(P<0.05). The FEV1%pred, MVV, maximal exercise minute ventilation and VT_(max) of the study subjects were positively correlated with VO_(2max) and AT(all P<0.01), but the BR had no correlation with VO_(2max) and AT(all P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The more serious the abnormal degree of pulmonary function in the patients with occupational pneumoconiosis, the more obvious the decline of their exercise ability, showing a dose-effect relationship.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 496-499, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881494

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the hygienic condition and maintenance management of air conditioners in observation hotels, and give suggestions on reducing the risk of COVID-19 transmission from the daily use. Methods:This study selected 11 observation hotels chosen by government and 3 observation hotels chosen by large companies in Minhang District. The types and sanitary conditions of the air conditioning system were revealed through the daily supervision. Hotel staffs’ knowledge of air conditioning system and their mastery of how to use and maintain air conditioning system were surveyed through questionnaire. Results:Survey of air conditioning types showed that in 14 hotels, 12 were distributed air conditioning systems and 2 were semi-centralized air conditioning systems (including fresh air systems). The investigation found that there was dust accumulation in the fresh air ducts in one hotel guest room, dust accumulation in the filter screen of fresh air intake in one hotel, and the sanitary problem of condensate water (without centralized discharge) in two hotels. All of 14 hotels had daily cleaning and disinfection records, but they were not perfect. The hotel health management personnel’ awareness rate of air conditioning was low, although they had a positive attitude towards the cleaning and disinfection of the air conditioning system. They could do the active entrusted testing, cleaning and disinfection of the air conditioning systems. Conclusion:The air conditioning systems of some hotels have hygiene problems, and hotel health management personnel are lack of knowledge of standard operation and maintenance of air conditioning systems. The air conditioning systems of observation hotel should be cleaned and disinfected before use. At the same time, it is necessary to strengthen the training of hotel health management personnel on the use and maintenance of air conditioning systems. So the transmission of the COVID-19 through air conditioning systems can be effectively prevented.

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1373-1375, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931781

ABSTRACT

Using artificial dead space to correct hypocapnia or induce hypercapnia is of particular significance for diagnosing and treating specific neurocritical diseases. At present, the above purpose is mainly achieved by adding an extension tube between the Y-type connector of the ventilator and the artificial airway in clinical practice. However, its volume is often fixed and cannot adapt to the individualized diagnosis and treatment in different clinical scenarios. The research group led by Professor Zhou Jianxin from the department of critical care medicine of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, has designed an artificial dead cavity with adjustable volume based on years of research in the respiratory field and has been granted a national utility model patent (patent number: ZL 2020 2 0496413.4). The artificial dead chamber is simple in structure, composed of a barrel body, a piston head, and a push-pull rod. By freely adjusting the size of the artificial dead chamber volume, it can accurately regulate the target carbon dioxide, correct the spontaneous hyperventilation, terminate intractable hiccup, and shorten the operation time of asphyxia test in clinical diagnosis of brain death while correcting hypocapnia or inducing hypercapnia. It has the advantages of solid reliability, convenient operation, and low production cost, which significantly facilitates scientific research and clinical diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 964-970, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the digital workflow coupling conic retention for the immediate restoration of adjacent posterior implants.@*METHODS@#The patients with adjacent teeth missing in the posterior jaw seeking for implant restoration in the Department of Implantology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from March, 2017 to February, 2018 were recruited. After implant placement and commercial conic retention coping delivery, the patient had an intraoral scan for digital impression, and the computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology was used for the fabrication of the immediate splinted prosthesis, which was made of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and loaded immediately after delivery. Six months later, all the temporary prostheses were replaced by the permanent ones made of monolithic zirconia with CAD/CAM technology as well. The parallel periapical films were taken for the temporary and permanent prostheses post-delivery. The clinical effect of this workflow was evaluated by indices including the survival rates of implants and prostheses, the change of marginal bone level, and the implant-related and prosthesis-related complications; before the final restoration, the Visual Analogue Score (VAS) was used to evaluate the satisfaction of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Ten patients (4 males and 6 females, 55.5 years old for average) were recruited. Totally 34 implants were placed; 14 prostheses were fabricated, temporary and permanent, respectively. After an observation period from 4 to 14 months, the survival rate for implants and prostheses were both 100%; the marginal bone level of the implants were (1.06±0.97) mm and (0.96±0.82) mm, immediate post-operation and 6 months later, respectively. The difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Neither implant- nor prostheses- related complications were observed. And the VAS of the patients' satisfaction was 87.2.@*CONCLUSION@#For the adjacent posterior implants, the immediate prostheses manufactured by digital workflow, coupling conic retention, were clinically feasible and patient-satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Computer-Aided Design , Patient Satisfaction , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Implantation , Workflow
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5504-5510, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878787

ABSTRACT

To prepare a new dosage form that can improve the drug loading of the film--ginkgolide B nanosuspension lyophilized powder orodispersible film(GB-NS-LP-ODF) and to evaluate its quality. Firstly, ginkgolide B nanosuspension(GB-NS) was prepared by media milling method, and then ginkgolide B nanosuspension lyophilized powder(GB-NS-LP) was prepared with freeze-drying method. The mannitol was used as lyoprotectant and its dosage was also investigated. GB-NS-LP-ODF was prepared by solvent casting method and its formulation was screened by single factor test method and optimized by orthogonal test. The appearance, mechanical properties, content uniformity and in vitro dissolution of the optimized GB-NS-LP-ODF were investigated. The particle size of prepared GB-NS was about 201 nm, and the optimal dosage of mannitol was 8%. According to the optimal formula, the GB-NS-LP-ODF was prepared with GB-NS-LP 35.6%, PVA 0588 49.4%, PEG 400 10.7% and CMS-Na 4.3%, and completely disintegrated in about 30 s, and the particle size of reconstituted GB nanoparticles from ODF was about 210 nm. The film with smooth appearance and good mechanical properties was stable within 30 days and the content uniformity(A+2.2 S<15) conformed to the regulations. Scanning electron microscope(SEM) showed that GB-NS-LP-ODFs were evenly distributed and the particle size was about 200 nm. X-rays diffraction(XRD) showed that its crystallinity was significantly lower than that of GB raw drug and GB-ODF. The results of in vitro release test showed that the drug film was completely dissoluted within 10 minutes. These results indicated that nanosuspension lyophilized powder was prepared by freeze drying of nanosuspensions, and then loaded into the orodispersible film to effectively increase the drug loading of the ODF and have broad application prospects.


Subject(s)
Ginkgolides , Lactones , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Powders , Solubility , Suspensions
17.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 408-2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876247

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the etiology and epidemiological characteristics of diarrhea in Minhang District of Shanghai from 2014 to 2016, so as to provide scientific basis to monitor diarrhea disease and to control cluster epidemics. Methods The diarrhea cases in monitoring hospitals from 2014 to 2016 were analyzed by epidemiological methods.Stool specimens were collected using systematic sampling for etiological examination.All specimens were tested for cholera, Shigella, salmonella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, rotavirus, norovirus and enteric adenovirus. Results Totally 11 742 cases of diarrhea were reported in Minhang District of Shanghai from 2014 to 2016.The majority of the patients were young and middle aged adults.885 stool samples were detected for pathogen, 454 cases (51.30%) were pathogen positive including 57 cases of bacterial and virus co-infection.The detection rates of bacteria and viruses were respectively 10.36%(92/454)and 34.46%(305/454).Three kinds of bacteria and five kinds of viruses were detected, that were mainly Vibrio parahaemolyticus (n=72), salmonella (n=19), norovirus (n=195) and rotavirus A (n=71).The positive rate of pathogens reached the peak from January to March.There was a significant difference in pathogen positive rate between different seasons, while no difference between different years, gender and age groups.The epidemic peaks of different pathogens were different, with bacteria in summer and virus in winter and spring. Conclusion The positive rate of pathogens that caused diarrhea in Minhang District shows a significant seasonal peak.Norovirus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and rotavirus A are the three main pathogens.It is necessary to take effective measures for diarrhea disease control according to the epidemiological characteristics.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-6, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873210

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is highly contagious. In the early stages of the disease, the symptoms of coldness, dampness and depression in the lungs often appear, including fever, fatigue, soreness, dry cough, poor appetite, and white greasy tongue coating. During the development of the disease, the damp toxin epidemic often enters the inner and generates heat, and the damp heat epidemic toxin blocks pleurodiaphragmatic sites, the triple energizer and lungs, with manifestations of chest tightness, shortness of breath, exacerbation after exercise, or high fever without bringing down, poor appetite, bitterness in mouth, fatigue, diarrhea, loose stools, and yellow and thick tongue fur. As the pathogen can go outward or enter more deeply inside to cause death at the moment, it is the crucial time to treat the disease. In this study, Haoqin Qingdantang was used to clear dampness and heat, reconcile Shaoyang channel and recover the triple energizer, detoxify the dampness fever epidemic toxin, and block the toxin inside, with a good efficacy. This prescription focuses on smoothing the Shaoyang gallbladder channel and the triple energizer, and regards the spleen and stomach as the acquired essence. In the prescription, Erchentang reconciles the spleen and stomach, elevates clear Qi and lower turbid Qi. Bupleuri Radix is added to increase its detoxification function, and Paeoniae Rubra Radix is added to circulate the blood and prevent pathogen from the blood. When the condition improves, Sweet Wormwood Herb and talc are often withdrawn, and Codonopsis is added to nourish the spleen and stomach, to strengthening vital qi to eliminate pathogenic factor. Based on the cases of COVID-19 treated in Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, this paper summarized some experience of applying Haoqin Qingdantang.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872800

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish a rapid evaluation method for Cinnamomi Cortex decoction pieces by near infrared spectroscopy. Method::The contents of coumarin, cinnamalol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde in 86 batches of Cinnamomi Cortex of different origins were determined by HPLC. And the NIR spectra of different batches of Cinnamomi Cortex were also collected. With NIR spectrum as independent variable and coumarin, cinnamalol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde as dependent variables, a quantitative analysis model of four components in cinnamon was established by partial least squares method. Result::The correlation coefficients (r) of coumarin, cinnamic alcohol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde near infrared quantitative analysis models were 0.952 8, 0.977 7, 0.961 9, 0.992 2, root mean square error of cross(RMSEC) were 0.012 2, 0.006 1, 0.004 3, 0.82 g·g-1, root mean square errorof cross-validation(RMSECV) were 0.015 8, 0.011 2, 0.002 0, 1.481 1 g·g-1, and root mean square error of prediction(RMSEP) were 0.017 8, 0.010 3, 0.010 3, 0.005 5, 1.63 g·g-1. Conclusion::The established NIR quantitative analysis model of four active ingredients in Cinnamomi Cortex slices has a good accuracy, and provides a basis for rapid evaluation of the quality of Cinnamomi Cortex slices.

20.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 23-30, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817654

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the role and the potential target of miR-199a-3p in mouse cardiac hypertrophy.【Methods】Neonatal mouse ventricular cardiomyocytes(NMVC)were isolated from the hearts of 0- 3- day- old newborn C57BL/6 mice. MiR-199a-3p mimic and retinoblastoma transcriptional corepressor 1(Rb-1)siRNA were transfected in? to NMVC to elevate the level of miR-199a-3p and inhibit Rb-1 expression,respectively. NMVC were stained with FITC- phalloidin solution to determine the size of NMVC. Dual luciferase reporter assay was performed to identify the interaction between miR- 199a- 3p and the 3’UTR of Rb- 1. mRNA and protein expression of cardiac hypertrophy associated genes were determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting assay,respectively.【Results】(1)Over-expression of miR-199a-3pcould significantly enhance the expression of cardiac hypertrophy-related genes in NMVC ;(2)Dual-luciferase reporter assay results verified that miR- 199a-3p can interact with the 3’UTR of Rb-1. MiR-199a-3p could suppress Rb-1 ex? pression at the post-transcriptional level;(3)Functionally,miR-199a-3p mimic,consistent with Rb-1 siRNA,could increase cell size and the expression of Nppa,Acta1 and Myh7 in NMVC,and promote the nuclear translocation of E2f2 in NMVC.【Conclusions】MiR-199a-3p promotes the entry of E2f2 into the nucleus through inhibiting the expression of Rb-1,contributing to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

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