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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 838-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991421

ABSTRACT

Practice teaching is an important link in the training of public health talents in colleges and universities. At present, there are still some problems in the education of public health and preventive medicine in the colleges and universities in China, such as attaching greater importance to theory than to practice and weak training of practical skills among students. In view of this situation, a public health practice teaching model of "internal-external interactions" has been constructed in Dalian Medical University with focuses on the following aspects: ①experiments in the university are optimized based on social needs; ②the practice base outside the university is expanded based on the teaching in the university; ③"internal-external interactions" are adopted to enhance practice training and improve post competence. The teaching practice shows that the implementation of the teaching model of "internal-external interactions" can help to improve practice teaching ability, promote the improvement in the training quality of public health talents, and meet the social demand for application-oriented professionals.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 11-23, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991121

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)-induced cytokine storms constitute the primary cause of coronavirus disease 19(COVID-19)progression,severity,criticality,and death.Gluco-corticoid and anti-cytokine therapies are frequently administered to treat COVID-19,but have limited clinical efficacy in severe and critical cases.Nevertheless,the weaknesses of these treatment modalities have prompted the development of anti-inflammatory therapy against this infection.We found that the broad-spectrum anti-inflammatory agent inosine downregulated proinflammatory interleukin(IL)-6,upregulated anti-inflammatory IL-10,and ameliorated acute inflammatory lung injury caused by mul-tiple infectious agents.Inosine significantly improved survival in mice infected with SARS-CoV-2.It indirectly impeded TANK-binding kinase 1(TBK1)phosphorylation by binding stimulator of interferon genes(STING)and glycogen synthase kinase-3β(GSK3β),inhibited the activation and nuclear trans-location of the downstream transcription factors interferon regulatory factor(IRF3)and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB),and downregulated IL-6 in the sera and lung tissues of mice infected with lipopoly-saccharide(LPS),H1N1,or SARS-CoV-2.Thus,inosine administration is feasible for clinical anti-inflammatory therapy against severe and critical COVID-19.Moreover,targeting TBK1 is a promising strategy for inhibiting cytokine storms and mitigating acute inflammatory lung injury induced by SARS-CoV-2 and other infectious agents.

3.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 679-683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the potential intracranial inflammation in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders(NMOSD) patients without supratentorial MRI lesions using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM).Methods:Seventy NMOSD patients and 35 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (NC) underwent QSM, 3D-T 1, diffusion MRI from Beijing Tiantan Hospital during June 2019 to June 2021. Susceptibility was compared among NMOSD patients with acute attack (ANMOSD), NMOSD patients in chronic phase (CNMOSD) and NC. The correlation between susceptibility in several brain regions and the cerebrospinal fluid levels of inflammatory makers were analyzed. Results:NMOSD patients showed different susceptibility in several brain regions including bilateral hippocampus, precuneus, right cuneus, putamen, superior parietal and inferior temporal ( P<0.001) and the posr-hoc showed it is higher than normal. Compared to CNMOSD patients, the ANMOSD patients showed increased susceptibility in the cuneus (0.009 ± 0.004 vs. 0.005 ± 0.004, P<0.05). There was significant positive correlations between susceptibility and CSF levels of sTREM2 which reflect the active of microglial cells ( r = 0.494, P<0.05). Conclusions:Despite the absence of supratentorial lesions on MRI, increased susceptibility suggests underlying inflammation in the cerebral cortex in both patients with ANMOSD and CNMOSD, and some of them are obviously related to inflammatory markers in CSF. QSM sequence can be used to explore the potential inflammation in NMOSD patients without obvious supratentorial lesions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 483-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995754

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical and laboratory characteristics of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NPM1 mutation, and to explore the prognostic factors.Methods:A total of 77 AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation admitted to Hebei Yanda Ludaopei Hospital from May 1st 2012 to December 31st 2021 were enrolled in the study, including 34 male and 43 female patients. The median age was 40 (3, 68) years old. Patients were selected and divided into 4 groups according to the morphological FAB classification. There were 29 cases (37.7%) of M1 type, 13 cases (16.9%) of M2 type, 23 cases (29.9%) of M4 type, and 12 cases (15.5%) of M5 type. The clinical characteristics, bone marrow/peripheral blood cell morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics, molecular biology and overall survival of different groups were retrospectively analyzed, and the risk factors affecting the prognosis of AML were also explored. Cox multivariate regression was used to analyze the clinical influencing factors of survival and prognosis.Results:The white blood cell counts were highest in M4 and M5 patients and lowest in M2 patients, while no significant difference in the red blood cell, hemoglobin, and platelet counts( P>0.05). Morphologically, there were significant differences in the percentage of blasts and blasts with cup-like nuclei on bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB). The proportion of blasts in BM and PB was the highest in M1 and the lowest in M2 ( P<0.001). The positive rate of blasts with cup-like nuclei was the highest in M1 and the lowest in M5 of BM ( P<0.001), while the highest in M2 and the lowest in M5 of PB ( P=0.006). The scores of myeloperoxidase and chloroacetate esterase were all the highest in M1 and the lowest in M5 ( P<0.001, 0.001, respectively). In terms of molecular biology, the occurence rate of blasts combined with DNMT3A mutation was the highest in M4 and the lowest in M2 ( P=0.044), while those combined with FLT3-ITD mutation was the highest in M4 and the lowest in M5 ( P=0.002). In immunophenotype, there were significant differences in the expression positivities of seven antigens including HLA-DR, CD56, CD11c, CD15, CD14, CD96 and cMPO ( P<0.05). Multivariate COX regression analysis showed that no recurrence after treatment ( P<0.001), complete remission after treatment ( P=0.015) and transplantation ( P<0.001) were correlated with overall survival (OS). No recurrence after treatment ( P=0.033), transplantation ( P=0.027), no mutation of FLT3-ITD ( P=0.040), and hemoglobin concentration ( P=0.023) were associated with relapse-free survival (RFS). Survival analysis by Kaplan-Meier curve showed that there was no significant difference in survival time between the M1, M2, M4 and M5 groups in OS and RFS. Conclusion:There were significant differences in the white blood count, the percentage of blasts and blasts with cup-like nuclear morphology, cytochemical staining (MPO integration, CE integration and percentage of NAS-DCE), gene mutation (DNMT3A and FLT3-ITD) and immunophenotypes (HLA-DR, CD56, CD11c, CD15, CD14, CD96 and cMPO) between the four groups. The multivariate analysis revealed that no recurrence after treatment and transplantation were independent prognostic factors in NPM1 mut AML patients. On the other hand, FLT3-ITD mutation and hemoglobin concentration were associated with RFS and complete remission after treatment was associated with OS in the entire NPM1 mut cohort.

5.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of serological indicators and evaluate the diagnostic value of a new established combined serological model on identifying the minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) in patients with compensated cirrhosis.Methods:This prospective multicenter study enrolled 263 compensated cirrhotic patients from 23 hospitals in 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China between October 2021 and August 2022. Clinical data and laboratory test results were collected, and the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was calculated. Ammonia level was corrected to the upper limit of normal (AMM-ULN) by the baseline blood ammonia measurements/upper limit of the normal reference value. MHE was diagnosed by combined abnormal number connection test-A and abnormal digit symbol test as suggested by Guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis. The patients were randomly divided (7∶3) into training set ( n=185) and validation set ( n=78) based on caret package of R language. Logistic regression was used to establish a combined model of MHE diagnosis. The diagnostic performance was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve. The internal verification was carried out by the Bootstrap method ( n=200). AUC comparisons were achieved using the Delong test. Results:In the training set, prevalence of MHE was 37.8% (70/185). There were statistically significant differences in AMM-ULN, albumin, platelet, alkaline phosphatase, international normalized ratio, MELD score and education between non-MHE group and MHE group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AMM-ULN [odds ratio ( OR)=1.78, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.05-3.14, P=0.038] and MELD score ( OR=1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.20, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for MHE, and the AUC for predicting MHE were 0.663, 0.625, respectively. Compared with the use of blood AMM-ULN and MELD score alone, the AUC of the combined model of AMM-ULN, MELD score and education exhibited better predictive performance in determining the presence of MHE was 0.755, the specificity and sensitivity was 85.2% and 55.7%, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve showed that the model had good calibration ( P=0.733). The AUC for internal validation of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.752. In the validation set, the AUC of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.794, and Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed good calibration ( P=0.841). Conclusion:Use of the combined model including AMM-ULN, MELD score and education could improve the predictive efficiency of MHE among patients with compensated cirrhosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 920-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934839

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status quo and influencing factors of overweight and obesity in preschool children, and to provide scientific theoretical reference for the prevention and control of overweight and obesity in preschool children in Urumqi.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster sampling method was adopted to select 1 897 preschool children from 10 kindergartens in Urumqi from October to December in 2021 to understand the status quo of overweight and obesity of preschool children by measuring their height and weight. The influencing factors were collected by questionnaire survey, including Chinese preschoolers eating behavior questionnaire, Chinese preschooler s caregivers feeding behavior scale, 3-6 year old children s home nurture environment scale, and characteristics and influencing factors of physical activity among preschool children.@*Results@#The prevalence of overweight and obesity in preschool children was 31.21% (592), including 19.50% (370) overweight and 11.70% (222) obesity.Childhood overweight and obesity detection rates varied significantly by age, sex, child dietary habits, father BMI, maternal BMI, and maternal pre pregnancy BMI ( χ 2=19.63,28.75,9.45,18.21,18.45,19.36, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, children s eating habits, paternal BMI, pregnancy BMI, satiety responsiveness, external eating, initiative eating, weight concerns, behavior restricted feeding, physical activity and family physical activity environment were the influencing factors of overweight and obesity in preschool children( OR =0.52,1.43,1.51,1.44,0.69,0.74,1.35,1.71,0.81,0.96,1.10, P < 0.05 ).@*Conclusion@#Overweight and obesity in preschool children are popular in Urumqi. Education, diet control and scientific exercise should be strengthened to prevent childhood overweight and obesity.

7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933988

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of supplementing treadmill training with applications of the traditional Chinese Songchi ointment in the rehabilitation of gastrocnemius muscles atrophied through disuse.Methods:Forty-five Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal control group ( n=8) and a model group ( n=37). The rats in the model group had their left hind limbs immobilized by the Nagai method to induce disused muscle atrophy (DMA). That group was then randomly subdivided into a model control (MC) group, a treadmill training group (the EX group), a Songchi ointment group (SC group) and a comprehensive rehabilitation group (the CR group), each of 8. The EX and SC groups were given treadmill training at 18m/min or topical application of Songchi ointment once a day, 6 days a week for 6 weeks. The CR group was given both treatments. After the 6 weeks, hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to evaluate the pathological changes in the gastrocnemius of each rat′s left hind limb. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. PI3K, Akt and mTOR mRNA and protein were assayed using real-time quantitative PCR and western blotting. Results:The arrangement of muscle fibers in the MC group was disordered and there was a large number of infiltrated inflammatory cells. Such conditions were significantly relieved in the CR group. After the intervention the levels of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-1β in the CR group were, on average, significantly lower than those observed in the MC group, the EX group or the SC group, while the level of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 was significantly higher. The average PI3K, Akt and mTOR mRNA and protein levels of group CR were significantly higher than those of the MC and EX groups.Conclusions:The traditional Chinese Songchi ointment can usefully supplement treadmill training to relieve DMA. It upregulates IL-10, activates the PI3K Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and promotes the synthesis of muscle fiber protein while down-regulating TNF-α and IL-1β and muscle fiber inflammatory response.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 377-381, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956384

ABSTRACT

Overactive bladder syndrome is a complex of lower urinary tract symptoms that disturbs people of all ages worldwide. The etiology and pathogenesis are unclear, and the treatment effect is often poor.In recent years, with the in-depth study of overactive bladder, it has been found that patients with overactive bladder are often accompanied by intestinal functional changes such as irritable bowel, which presents high comorbidities with irritable bowel syndrome. This article will discuss the relationship of overactive bladder and irritable bowel syndrome from three aspects of comorbidities,pathogenesis and treatment,in order to find similarities between overactive bladder and irritable bowel syndrome.It provides new clues and methods for the pathogenesis and treatment of overactive bladder and irritable bowel syndrome.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 647-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the prognostic values of clinical and laboratory features at the time of presentation on renal survival of patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis (MPO-ANCA-GN).Methods:A total of 172 patients with MPO-ANCA-GN and hospitalized at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2005 to December 2018 were enrolled. The baseline clinical characteristics and renal biopsy pathological data were analyzed, and the renal prognosis was followed up. The clinical and pathological characteristics of different renal prognosis in all patients and 112 patients who underwent renal biopsy were analyzed, and the related factors affecting renal survival were further discussed.Results:Among these 172 patients, 81 were males and 91 were females. The median serum creatinine at diagnosis was 343.7(174.2, 606.6) μmol/L and the median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 15.81(7.61, 38.04) ml·min -1·(1.73 m 2) -1. In total, 76 patients (44.2%) received initial renal replacement therapy (RRT). During a median follow-up duration of 20(3, 60) months, 73 patients (42.4%) progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and required dialysis, including 6 (8.2%) patients who entered RRT during follow-up and 67 (91.8%) patients who received RRT at the beginning. Among the 112 patients who underwent renal biopsy, the proportion of patients who progressed to ESRD in the sclerotic group was the highest (15/25, 60.0%). The baseline serum creatinine level ( P<0.001), urine red blood cell count ( P=0.012) and the proportion of glomerular sclerosis ( P=0.002) in the non-dialysis dependent group were significantly lower than those in the dialysis dependent group, while the levels of eGFR ( P<0.001), serum albumin ( P=0.002) and hemoglobin ( P<0.001) were higher than those of the dialysis-dependent group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the renal survival rate of the focal group was the highest ( χ2=19.488, P<0.001, log-rank test), while the renal survival rate of the sclerotic group was significantly lower than that of the crescentic group ( χ2=5.655, P=0.017); higher levels of serum creatinine (>320 μmol/L, χ2=77.229, P<0.001) and urine red blood cell count (>300 cells/μl, χ2=8.511, P=0.004), lower levels of rheumatoid factor (<20 IU/ml, χ2=8.610, P=0.003), serum albumin (<30 g/L, χ2=11.060, P=0.001) and hemoglobin (<90 g/L, χ2=21.921, P<0.001) were associated with lower renal survival rate; in terms of treatment, the renal survival rate of the glucocorticoids plus mycophenolate mofetil group was significantly higher than that of the glucocorticoids plus cyclophosphamide ( χ2=5.056, P=0.025) or the glucocorticoids alone group ( χ2=16.459, P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression showed that baseline serum creatinine >320 μmol/L ( HR=8.803, 95% CI 3.087-25.106, P<0.001) and serum albumin <30 g/L ( HR=2.566, 95% CI 1.246-5.281, P=0.011) were the related factors affecting renal survival. Conclusion:Serum creatinine and albumin levels of MPO-ANCA-GN patients at diagnosis may be the related factors that affect the patient's renal prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 558-566, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of abnormal heart rate circadian rhythm for all-cause mortality in stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD 5) patients.Methods:The retrospective study was performed in CKD 5 patients enrolled from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Jiangsu Province Hospital) and the Affiliated BenQ Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from February, 2011 to December, 2019. A total of 159 healthy volunteers were enrolled as the healthy control group during the same period. The circadian rhythm of heart rate was monitored by 24-hour Holter. Related indices (including 24-hour, daytime and nighttime mean heart rate, night/day heart rate ratio, 24-hour maximum heart rate, 24-hour minimum heart rate and difference between maximum and minimum of 24-hour heart rate) were calculated. Non-dipping heart rate was defined as night/day heart rate ratio greater than 0.9. Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Log-rank test were used to compare the differences of cumulative mortality between high ratio group (night/day heart rate ratio>0.91) and low ratio group (night/day heart rate ratio≤0.91). The nonlinear relationship between night/day heart rate ratio and all-cause mortality was analyzed by restricted cubic spline plot. Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of night/day heart rate ratio for all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients.Results:A total of 159 healthy volunteers and 221 CKD 5 patients were included in this study. There were 123 males (55.66%) and the age was (52.72±13.13) years old in CKD 5 patients. The total median follow-up time was 50.0 months. Compared with controls, 24-hour, nighttime mean heart rate, 24-hour minimum heart rate in CKD 5 patients were increased (all P<0.05), furthermore, the night/day heart rate ratio was higher [(0.91±0.09) vs (0.81±0.08), P<0.001], showing "non-dipping heart rate". However, the 24-hour maximum heart rate and the difference between maximum and minimum of 24-hour heart rate in CKD 5 patients were lower than controls (both P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the increased night/day heart rate ratio (per 0.1 increase, HR=1.557, 95% CI 1.073-2.258, P=0.020) was an independent influencing factor for all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the cumulative mortality of the high ratio group was significantly increased than that of the low ratio group (Log-rank test χ 2=7.232, P=0.007). From the restricted cubic spline plot, there was a linear effect between night/day heart rate ratio and all-cause mortality ( P=0.141), and when night/day heart rate ratio was above 0.91, the risk of all-cause mortality was significantly increased in CKD 5 patients. According to time-dependent ROC curve, the accuracy of night/day heart rate ratio in predicting all-cause mortality was 70.90% even when the survival time was up to 70.0 months. Conclusions:The circadian rhythm of heart rate in CKD 5 patients displays "non-dipping" state. High night/day heart rate ratio is an independent influencing factor for all-cause mortality in CKD 5 patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 414-423, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe heart rate circadian rhythm in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 and to analyze the effects of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on heart rate circadian rhythm in severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) patients.Methods:A cross-sectional observation was performed in 213 patients with CKD stage 5 and 96 controls, and the patients were divided into those with severe SHPT (PTX group, n=70) and without severe SHPT (non-PTX group, n=143). Forty-six PTX patients were followed up prospectively. The baseline data were compared among these groups. Holter electrocardiogram was performed for each participant. Non-dipping heart rate was defined as night/day heart rate ratio greater than 0.9. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors of heart rate circadian rhythm in patients with CKD stage 5. Results:The 24-hour, daytime and nighttime mean heart rate in patients with CKD stage 5 were all higher than those in controls, especially in PTX group (all P<0.05). The night/day heart rate ratios of controls and CKD stage 5 patients were (0.81±0.08) and (0.91±0.08) respectively ( P<0.01). Correlation analysis showed 24-hour and daytime or nighttime mean heart rate in patients with CKD stage 5 were positively correlated with serum levels of phosphorus and ln(alkaline phosphatase), while nighttime mean heart rate and night/day heart rate ratio were positively related with serum intact parathyroid hormone level. After adjusting with postoperative follow-up period (median time: 10.9 months), 24-hour and nighttime mean heart rate, and night/day heart rate ratio in PTX patients all decreased significantly (all P<0.01). Conclusions:Heart rate is increased and circadian rhythm is abnormal in patients with CKD stage 5, which are related with mineral and bone disorder. PTX significantly decreases 24-hour and nighttime mean heart rate in severe SHPT patients, and improves the heart rate circadian rhythm.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 568-574, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756085

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influencing factors of hungry bone syndrome (HBS) in maintenance hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) after parathyroidectomy (PTX). Methods A retrospective study was conducted on maintenance hemodialysis patients with SHPT undergoing successful parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation. Clinical data and perioperative indicators of the selected patients were collected. The enrolled patients were divided into HBS group and non-HBS group based on whether the lowest level of blood calcium less than 2.0 mmol/L after surgery. The difference of general clinical data and perioperative indicators between the two groups were compared. The risk factors of HBS were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Multiple linear regression method was used to analyze the independent factors affecting the maintenance time of intravenous calcium supplementation, the total amount of calcium supplementation during intravenous calcium supplementation and the highest serum level of potassium within 24 h after surgery. Results A total of 306 patients were included in the study. All patients had low levels of serum calcium after operation. There were 230 patients (75.16% ) with the lowest blood calcium<2.00 mmol/L after PTX (HBS group), and 76(24.84%) cases in the non-HBS group. Predialysis coefficient of serum calcium=(preoperative blood calcium-2.20) mmol/L÷0.01 mmol/L. Logistic regression analysis showed that higher predialysis coefficient of serum calcium (B=-0.063, OR=0.939, 95% CI 0.894-0.987, P=0.013) and lower level of preoperative serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (B=0.035, OR=1.033, 95%CI 1.019-1.050, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for HBS. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that preoperative blood intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) (B=0.017, P<0.001 and B=0.041, P<0.001), preoperative serum ALP (B=0.052, P<0.001 and B=0.107, P<0.001) and preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) (B=-0.453, P=0.041 and B=-1.058, P=0.007) were independent factors affecting the maintenance time of intravenous calcium supplementation and the total amount of calcium supplementation in HBS patients. Preoperative predialysis level of serum potassium (B=0.859, P<0.001) was the independent influencing factor of the maximum level of serum potassium within 24 hours after surgery. Conclusions Patients with lower levels of preoperative serum calcium and higher levels of serum ALP are prone to HBS after PTX. Postoperative calcium supplementation may need to be strengthened in HBS patients with higher preoperative iPTH and ALP levels and lower preoperative Hb levels. High preoperative basal potassium levels may increase the risk of hyperkalemia after PTX.

13.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 955-959, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841676

ABSTRACT

Objective: To coat polydopamine (PDA) on the surface of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) scaffold prepared by 3D printing and construct a novel bone tissue engineering scaffold with high osteogenic activity, and to conduct a preliminary evaluation on its application potential.Methods:BCP bioceramic scaffolds were prepared by 3D printing technology, and then they were immersed in dopamine solution for a certain period to form a nanoscale PDA film structure on the surface.The PDA-free scaffolds were named 3DBCP group, and the PDA-coated scaffolds were named PDA-3DBCP group. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to observe the surface topography of the scaffolds in each group; the hydrophilicity of the material was characterized by measuring the water contact angle of the scaffold surface; the scaffold porosity was determined by the specific gravity method, and the mechanical strength was tested by the universal testing machine; CCK-8 assay was adopted to detect the cell proliferation activity on the scaffold.Results:Compared with 3DBCP group, the surface water contact angle of the the scaffolds in PDA-3DBCP group was significantly reduced (t=5.06,P0.05;t=0.002,P>0.05).The cells were inoculated into the scaffolds and cultured for 1, 3 and 5 d;the CCK-8 assay results showed that the proliferation activities of the cells in two groups were gradually increased with the prolongation of the culture time. Furthermore, compared with 3DBCP group, the cell proliferation activity of the cells in PDA-3DBCP group on the 5th day was significantly increased (t=39.3,P<0.05).Conclusion: The PDA-coated 3D printed BCP porous scaffold has the advantages in characterization,it can improve the cell proliferation ability, which shows the potential as bone tissue engineering scaffolds.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 86-91, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513387

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the additional role of 99mTc-MIBI SPECT-CT imaging before parathyroidectomy (PTX) for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) patients.Methods A total of 359 SHPT patients from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled in the study from April 2011 to January 2016.Patients were divided into two groups according to the difference of 99mTc-MIBI imaging techniques preoperatively.Patients in group A had dual-phase 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid scintigraphy performed only.Patients in group B had SPECT-CT parathyroid scintigraphy added in the early phase.With the parathyroid glands confirmed by pathology after operation being the referencc,scnsitivity,specificity,consistency and surgical success rates of the patients in two groups were compared.Results 359 patients (166 men and 193 women) were enrolled,among which 339 on hemodialysis and 20 on peritoneal dialysis.The average age of those patients was (45.90± 11.20) years and median dialysis age was 84 (60.0,120.0) months.Total detection sensitivity,specificity,consistency in group A (169 patients) were 65.54%,56.52%,65.24% and in group B (190 patients) were 73.84%,84.62%,74.21% respectively.Total sensitivity and consistency were higher in group B than those in group A (P < 0.01),while no difference in total specificity was observed between two groups (P=0.055).In group A,detection sensitivity of parathyroid glands were 47.56%,77.44%,57.14% and 79.88% in right upper gland (RU),right lower gland (RL),left upper gland (LU) and left lower gland (LL) respectively.Consistency in group A were 48.52%,77.51%,56.21% and 78.70% respectively.In group B,sensitivity were 58.33%,83.78%,69.78% and 82.89% in RU,RL,LU and LL respectively.Consistency in group B were 59.47%,84.21%,70.53% and 82.63% respectively.Sensitivity and consistency of upper glands were lower than lower glands in both groups (P < 0.01).When SPECT-CT was added,sensitivity and consistency of upper glands for both sides were higher in group B than those in group A,while no difference of surgical success rates was found between two groups (87.57% vs 92.63%,P=0.107).Conclusion 99mTc-MIBI SPECT-CT can be combined with anatomic image effectively and increase the sensitivity and consistency of total and upper parathyroid glands.It can also make the accurate location of the lesions,which improves the efficiency of the operation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 230-234, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the expression level of microRNA-181 (miR-181) and importin-α3 in oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced vascular endothelial cell injury models, and explore the effect and mechanism of miR-181 on endothelial cell injury.@*Methods@#Human vein endothelial cell line CRL-1730 were cultured and vascular endothelial cell injury model was established by intervention with ox-LDL. The cells were divided into control group (intervened by double distilled water), low-dose group (intervened by 10 μg/ml ox-LDL) and high-dose group (intervened by 20 μg/ml ox-LDL). In addition, cells of low-dose group were divided into miR-181 mimic group (miR-181 mimic was transfected) and mimic control group (miR-181 mimic control was transfected). Cell viabilities, mRNA and protein expression level of interleukin-6 (IL-6), miR-181, importin-α3, and nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) were measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT), real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively.@*Results@#(1) The cell viabilities in low-dose group and high-dose group were lower than control group (0.207±0.012 and 0.204±0.007 vs. 0.323±0.018, all P<0.01). The relative IL-6 mRNA expression in low-dose group and high-dose group were higher than control group (1.24±0.16 and 1.36±0.23 vs. 0.22±0.03, all P<0.01). The relative miR-181 mRNA expression in low-dose group and high-dose group were lower than control group (0.91±0.11 and 0.88±0.07 vs. 2.20±0.13, all P<0.01). The relative importin-α3 mRNA expression in low-dose group and high-dose group were higher than control group (1.23±0.22 and 0.55±0.03 vs. 0.44±0.06, all P<0.01). The relative NF-κB mRNA expression in low-dose group and high-dose group were higher than control group (1.67±0.34 and 0.41±0.11 vs. 0.11±0.04, all P<0.01). The relative importin-α3 protein expression in low-dose group and high-dose group were higher than control group (1.44±0.23 and 1.31±0.22 vs. 0.29±0.08, all P<0.01). The relative NF-κB protein expression in low-dose group and high-dose group were higher than control group (0.43±0.05 and 0.37±0.04 vs. 0.16±0.03, all P<0.01). (2)The cell viabilities in miR-181 mimic group was higher than in mimic control group (0.262±0.008 vs. 0.211±0.021, P<0.01). The relative miR-181 mRNA expression level in miR-181 mimic group was higher than in mimic control group (4.23±0.34 vs. 0.88±0.16, P<0.01). The relative importin-α3 mRNA expression level in miR-181 mimic group was lower than in mimic control group (0.24±0.03 vs. 1.08±0.13, P<0.01). The relative NF-κB mRNA expression level was lower in miR-181 mimic group than in mimic control group (0.13±0.03 vs. 0.51±0.06, P<0.01). The relative importin-α3 protein expression level was lower in miR-181 mimic group than in mimic control group (0.34±0.06 vs. 1.67±0.26, P<0.01). The relative NF-κB protein expression level was lower in miR-181 mimic group than in mimic control group (0.43±0.02 vs. 1.53±0.36, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Lower miR-181 expression but higher importin-α3 and its downstream NF-κB signaling are associated with ox-LDL induced vascular endothelial cell injury and up-regulation of miR-181 could alleviate ox-LDL induced vascular endothelial cell injury possibly via importin-α3/NF-κB pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 750-756, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667050

ABSTRACT

Objective To study shortdated postoperative variation characteristics of bone turnover markers (BTMs) in uremic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) underwent parathyroidectomy (PTX). Methods A total of 19 uremic patients with SHPT underwent successful PTX, hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to April 2017, were enrolled in the study. The operative model for all enrolled patients was total parathyroidectomy with forearm autotransplantation. The baseline epidemiological and clinical data before PTX and the levels of serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and serum BTMs after PTX (in the 1st, 3rd and 7th postoperative day) were collected. The correlations between serum iPTH and serum BTMs before PTX and the trend analysis of serum BTMs after PTX were studied. Results The levels of serum iPTH, serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), serum typeⅠcollagen cross-linked C-telopeptides (CTX) and serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) before PTX were increased, in turn, (1512.4±612.0) ng/L, 267.4(153.1, 424.2) U/L, (5.78±1.15)μg/L and (8.79 ± 4.61) IU/L. Positive correlations between ALP and iPTH (r=0.577, P=0.010), TRACP-5b and iPTH (r=0.640, P=0.003), and ALP and TRACP-5b (r=0.698, P=0.001) were found. The serum levels of ALP increased, while the serum levels of CTX and TRACP-5b decreased within 7 days after PTX. Conclusions Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) with high bone turnover rate is common in uremic patients with severe SHPT. The activities of osteoblast and osteoclast are up-regulated in coupling with positive correlations to serum levels of iPTH. Increased activities of osteoblast and decreased activities of osteoclast were found shortdated postoperatively.

17.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2343-2346, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612970

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Objective To investigate the clinical effect of motor imagery therapy on upper limb motor dysfunction in stroke patients.Methods 120 patients with post stroke upper limb disability were selected.According to the digital table,they were divided into observation group and control group,60 cases in each group.Two groups were treated with primary disease and rehabilitation treatment,the observation group used motor imagery therapy,the two groups were treated for 3 months.Limb simplified Fugl-Meyer rating scale(FMA) and self-care ability Barthel index(MBI) were used to evaluate the motor function and self-care ability of the patients before and after treatment.The upper limb movement was evaluated by ARAT before and after treatment.The quality of life score before and after treatment was observed.Results Before treatment,there were no statistically significant differences in FMA and BI scores between the two groups(t=0.13,0.23,all P>0.05).After treatment,the FMA score of the control group was (29.74±4.04)points,the BI score was (57.29±4.23)points,the FMA and BI scores of the observation group was (33.29±4.14)points,(63.12±4.21)points,respectively,the differences were statistically significant between before and after treatment in the self-group(t=3.56,5.61,all P<0.05),and the degree of elevation of the observation group was more significant than those of the control group,the differences were statistically significant(t=2.38,4.14,all P<0.05).After treatment,the degrees of elevation of the scores of ARAT in the observation group[grab (13.34±2.00)points,grip (10.23±0.39)points,pinch (14.53±1.43)points,thick (8.20±0.42)points]were significantly higher than those in the control group,the differences were statistically significant(t=3.45,2.87,3.17,2.98,all P<0.05).After treatment,the rise degree of the scores of quality of life in the observation group[physiological field (68.71±6.62)points,psychological field (69.02±6.38)points,social relations (67.72±6.79)points,environmental field (70.72±6.98)points]were higher than those in the control group,the differences were statistically significant(t=4.23,3.98,3.23,2.98,all P<0.05).Conclusion The effect of exercise therapy on the upper limb of patients after stroke has significantly clinical efficacy,and it can help patients to restore limb motor function,improve self-care ability and quality of life,it is safe and worthy of clinical promotion.

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Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1077-1081, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608833

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Objective To identify the association of oxygen saturation of arterial hemoglobin (SaO2) with late-onset hypertension in the Chinese Han population located in the Daxinganling area.Methods A total participants were selected by convenience sampling methods from the Daxinganling area.All data were collected from each person by the questionnaire record of physical examinations as well as biochemical index measuring.SaO2 was noninvasively measured with finger pulse oxymetry,the reported SaO2 was the average of three readings taken 10 seconds apart.Results There were significant differences for SaO2 within the population of individuals,the mean SaO2 values was 97.71%±6.14%,with range from 88% to 100%.There was association of SaO2 with sex,BMI and age.SaO2 level declined with BMI and age increasing.Particularly,it was found that the risk increasing to hypertension was marked association with SaO2 rapid drop.During the period from 40-50 years of age,SaO2 declined from 97.85% to 97.64%,The risk to hypertension increased more than 10 times(P<0.001).That implicated hypoxia mightinvolve in the etiology of hypertension.Conclusions The preliminary results demonstrated the rapid decline of SaO2 with lapse of age may be one of the major risk factors to hypertension,it may be helpful to explain late-onset hypertension to some extent at least.

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Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 15-21, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810885

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Objective@#Currently, parathyroid hormone (PTH) is mainly measured by the second generation intact PTH (iPTH) assay which detects both full-length (1-84)PTH and (7-84)PTH fragments. The third generation whole PTH (wPTH) assay however has turned out to be specific for (1-84) PTH. The aim of this study is to investigate the features of plasma iPTH, (1-84)PTH, (7-84)PTH levels in patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), and evaluate the effects of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on above markers in severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) patients.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study including 90 controls and 233 stage 5 CKD patients, and a prospective follow-up study in 31 severe SHPT patients were conducted. Plasma iPTH and (1-84)PTH levels were measured by the second and third generation assay, respectively. Circulating (7-84)PTH level was calculated by subtracting the (1-84)PTH value from the iPTH value.@*Results@#Plasma levels of iPTH, (1-84)PTH, (7-84)PTH were higher (P<0.01), and (1-84)PTH/iPTH was lower (P<0.01) in stage 5 CKD patients than in controls. For severe SHPT patients with PTX (n=74), plasma iPTH, (1-84)PTH and (7-84)PTH concentrations were significantly increased compared to non-PTX group (n=159) (P<0.01), and the increase of (7-84)PTH level was more striking than (1-84)PTH. Meanwhile, the value of (1-84)PTH/iPTH was decreased (P<0.01). Plasma iPTH level was strongly correlated with (1-84)PTH level (r=0.980, P<0.01) in stage 5 CKD patients. Also, both iPTH and (1-84)PTH levels were positively correlated with serum alkaline phosphatase, dialysis vintage and serum phosphorus (P<0.01). After PTX (median interval of follow-up: 7.1 months), plasma iPTH, (1-84)PTH, (7-84)PTH concentrations were decreased (by 92.9%, 89.7%, 95.8%, P<0.01, respectively) greatly and (1-84)PTH/iPTH was increased (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#In stage 5 CKD patients, plasma iPTH, (1-84)PTH, (7-84)PTH levels are greatly increased while (1-84)PTH/iPTH is decreased, and PTX can significantly improve abnormality of above markers in severe SHPT patients. The second generation PTH assay overestimates the severity of SHPT, and the accurate measurement of (1-84)PTH by the third assays is more conducive to diagnosis and treatment of CKD and SHPT patients.

20.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 421-423,446, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790646

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the necessity of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM ) of voriconazole ,and give relevant clinical tips ,by comparing the plasma concentration of different clinical specialties before and after adjustment of dose .Methods This is a retrospective study of voriconazole TDM data .It involves 435 cases voriconazole plasma trough concentration meas-urement results of 154 inpatients to make a preliminary assessment .Results 4 .3% plasma concentration were higher than 5 .5 μg/ml ,26 .5% plasma concentration were less than 1 .0 μg/ml in renal transplantation department ;while 52 .3% plasma concentration were higher than 5 .5 μg/ml ,no less than 1 .0 μg/ml in infectious disease department .Conclusions Therapeutic drug monitoring is necessary for rational use of voriconazole .The majority of plasma concentrations in renal transplantation pa-tients were <1 .0 μg/ml ,lower than recommended treatment concentration range ;while most infectious disease patients have> 5 .5 μg/ml ,higher than recommended treatment concentration range .Clinical pharmacists can be more closely involved in the clinical use of voriconazole based on the results of the therapeutic drug monitoring .

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