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China Pharmacy ; (12): 478-483, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704609


OBJECTIVE: To analyze carbapenemases genotype of imipenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli in intensive care unit (ICU) of 3 third grade class A hospitals from Qingdao area, so as to provide reference for drug-resistant bacteria infection prevention and treatment in clinic. METHODS: From Jan. 2013 to Jun. 2016, each 60 strains of imipenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (IRKP), imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (IRPA) and imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii (IRAB) were collected from 3 third grade class A hospitals from Qingdao area. Drug sensitivity test was performed by using Kirby-Bauer method. Phenotypes of carbapenemases were determined by Carba NP trial. PCR was applied to amplify carbapenemase gene; Sanger seqnencing method was adopted for bi-directional sequencing; Blast comparison with GenBank database was conducted. RESULTS: Three kinds of imipenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli showed high drug resistance to majority commonly used antibiotics as piperacillin, cefazolin, imipenem and cilastatin sodium, gentamicin, etc., but were sensitive to polymyxin B (resistance rate of 0). Among 180 drug-resistant strains, there were 52 strains of class A carbapenems, 13 strains of class B carbapenems and 39 strains of class D carbapenems; the detection rates of them were 28. 89%, 7. 22% and 21. 67%, respectively. There were 52 strains of KPC-2 gene (IRKP), 4 strains of IMP-1 gene (IRPA), 8 strains of VIM-2 gene (7 strains of IRPA, 1 strain of IRAB), 39 strains of OXA-23 gene (IRAB); the detection rates of them were 28. 89%, 2. 22%, 4. 44%, 21. 67%; all strains were not detected 1MP-2, VIM-1, NDM-1, OXA-24, OXA-58 genes. Results of Blast comparison showed that above detected genes were absolutely homology with the corresponding genes in GenBank database. CONCLUSIONS: Drug resistance of imipenem-resistant Gram-negative bacilli in ICU of 3 third grade class A hospitals is serious in this region, which are nearly no-sensitive to most of commonly used antibiotics in clinic. Main genotypes included KPC-2 (K. pneumoniae), OXA-23 (A. baumanii) and IMP-1 and VIM-2 (P. aeruginosa).