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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920738

ABSTRACT

Under the dual pressure of emerging zoonoses and the difficulty in eliminating conventional zoonoses, many uncertainties in global control of infectious diseases are challenging the achievement of sustainable development goals set by the United Nations General Assembly. One Health, developed on the basis of understanding the relationship between human diseases and animal diseases, is conducive to the prevention and control of zoonoses. The connotation of “One Health” is mainly explained by three aspects, namely the systems thinking mode of “unity of environment and man”, the practice guidance of “multi-sectoral concert” and the economic evaluation strategy of “cost-effectiveness analysis”. One Health approach has been successfully applied in the control of major infectious diseases in China, such as schistosomiasis, leading to remarkable achievements; however, there are still multiple challenges. This review proposes that much attention should be paid to top-level design, the difference between emerging zoonoses and conventional zoonoses, and the dynamic process of One Health governance during the development and application of One Health.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913061

ABSTRACT

In the WHO new road map for neglected tropical diseases 2021—2030, the disease-specific targets are classified into control, elimination as a public health problem, elimination and eradication, and taeniasis and cysticercosis are targeted for control. The overall prevalence of taeniasis and cysticercosis is low in China, and varies remarkably in regions and populations; however, there are many challenges for elimination of taeniasis and cysticercosis in China. Based on previous taeniasis and cysticercosis control programs, developing a sensitive taeniasis and cysticercosis surveillance-response system, updating criteria for diagnosis of taeniasis and cysticercosis, proposing a national guideline for treatment of taeniasis and cysticercosis, and strengthening interdisciplinary and intersectoral communications and collaborations are urgently needed under the One Health concept.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of different arbuscular mycorrhizal(AM) fungi combinations on the growth and quality of<italic> Paris polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic> seedlings,in order to provide reference for the cultivation of high quality <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic>. Method:Through the room temperature pot inoculation test method,nine groups of different AM fungi combinations were inoculated into sterilized soil,and the control group was not inoculated. The effects of different AM fungi combinations on root infection rate,photosynthetic parameters,physiological indexes and chemical components of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic> seedlings were observed. Result:The spore density in rhizosphere soil,the infection rate and intensity of AM fungi in roots,and the activities of succinate dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase in roots of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic> were significantly increased by inoculating the combination of exogenous AM fungi. Compared with the control group,the contents of chlorophyll,malondialdehyde,soluble sugar,soluble protein content and the activities of antioxidant enzymes in leaves of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic> were increased in different AM fungi treatment groups. The content of total saponin increased from T1 to T2,decreased rapidly from T2 to T4,and increased at T5. Conclusion:Different mixed AM fungus can form a good symbiotic relationship with the roots of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic>,improve the mycorrhizal vitality,enhance the resistance of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic> to adverse environment,promote the growth and development of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic> and improve the quality of rhizome. According to the comprehensive inoculation effect,the combination of S5,S8 and S9 AM fungus has the best effect,which provides reference value for the application of mycorrhizal biotechnology of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic>.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of natural decay of exogenously added fibrous roots on the growth and development of <italic>Paris polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis </italic>and its medicinal quality. Method:The effects of natural decay of fibrous roots at different amounts on mycorrhizal infection rate, physiological and biochemical indexes, and saponin contents of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis </italic>were studied in pot culture experiments at room temperature. Result:The results showed that the infection rate of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in the root of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis </italic>was not significantly affected by different fibrous root treatments, but there were significant differences in infection intensity. The photosynthetic pigment content in the leaves declined significantly with the increase in fibrous root amount, and the total chlorophyll was decreased by 78.7% at most. The contents of soluble protein, soluble sugar and malondialdehyde in the leaves of <italic>P. polyphylla</italic> var. <italic>yunnanensis </italic>showed an overall upward trend. The activities of the three protective enzymes varied. The peroxidase and malondialdehyde were reduced by 181.6% and 200.0% at most. In the root system of <italic>P. polyphylla </italic>var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic>, the contents of the above-mentioned six components decreased to varying degrees, with the largest reductions of peroxidase and malondialdehyde reaching 44.6% and 69.7%. Different fibrous root treatments resulted in a decrease in active component content of <italic>P. polyphylla </italic>var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic>. The total content of the four saponins was decreased by 58.9% at most, and the total saponin content by 46.9%. Conclusion:The natural decay of fibrous roots affects the soil microbial environment of root system, reduces the photosynthetic pigment content in leaves, and destroys the stability of cells, thus interfering with the growth and development of <italic>P. polyphylla </italic>var. <italic>yunnanensis</italic>, reducing its medicinal components, and causing continuous cropping obstacles.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879009

ABSTRACT

Phylogeography is a research hotspot in the field of the genetic diversity and core germplasm construction of endangered rare plants. Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis is a rare plant species mainly distributed in China. Wild individuals have been overexploited for the last few decades because of increasing demand for such medicines. Therefore, it is great significance to study the phylogeography of P. poliphylla var. yunnanensis based on chloroplast gene trnL-trnF sequences. In this study, chloroplast genes trnL-trnF were used in the phylogeography analysis of 15 wild and 17 cultivated populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. This study revealed that based on the results of neutrality tests and mismatch analysis, the rapid expansion of wild population has not been detected in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. After aligning and sorting the obtained cpDNA sequences, a total of 15 haplotypes were detected in all 32 populations. One haplotype was unique to the wild population, and 5 haplotypes were unique to the cultivated population. It can be seen that the haplotype richness of cultivated population was higher than that of wild population. The wild populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis were divided into two groups according to evolutionary relationship of haplotypes and distribution map of haplotypes. The haplotype of branch Ⅰ was mainly distributed in Guizhou, and the haplotype of branch Ⅱ was located in Yunnan and Huidong, Sichuan. Therefore, it's speculated that Guizhou and the west Yunnan region may be glacial refuge in the evolutionary history of wild populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, and in order to protect the wild resources more effectively, wild populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in these two areas should be included in the protection zone.


Subject(s)
China , Genes, Chloroplast , Humans , Liliaceae/genetics , Melanthiaceae , Phylogeography
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879006

ABSTRACT

The study aiming at exploring the potassium-dissolving capacity of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria from diffe-rent sources and screen the strains with high potassium-dissolving ability, so as to lay a theoretical foundation for cultivation and quality improvement of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis sources. The rhizosphere soil of 10 wild and transplanted species from Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces was used as the research object. Potassium-dissolving bacteria were isolated and purified, and their potassium-dissolving capacity was determined by flame spectrophotometry, and identified by physiological, biochemical and molecular biological methods. Twenty-six potassium-dissolving bacteria were purified and 13 were obtained from wild and transplanted strains respectively. It was found through the determination of potassium-dissolving capacity that the potassium-dissolving capacity of 26 strains was significantly different, and the mass concentration of K~+ in the fermentation broth were 1.04-2.75 mg·L~(-1), the mcentration of potassium were 0.01-1.82 mg·L~(-1). The strains were identified as Bacillus, Agrobacterium rhizome and Staphylococcus by physiological, biochemical and 16 S rDNA molecular methods, among them Bacillus amylolyticus(4 strains) was the dominant bacterium of Bacillus. The physiology and biochemistry of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizosphere were diffe-rent, and the living environment were different, so the potassium-dissolving capacity also changed. Strain Y4-1 with the highest potassium decomposability was Bacillus amylolytic with a potassium increase of 1.82 mg·L~(-1). The potassium-dissolving ability and the distribution of potassium-dissolving bacteria were different in various habitats. The screening of potassium-dissolving bacteria provided a new strain for the preparation of microbial fertilizer. It is expected that B. amyloidococcus Y4-1 can be used as an ideal strain to cultivate mycorrhizal seedlings of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Subject(s)
China , Liliaceae , Paenibacillus , Potassium , Rhizosphere , Soil
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878956

ABSTRACT

The wild resources of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, a secondary endangered medicinal plant, are severely scarce. Introduction and cultivation can alleviate market demand. To screen phosphatolytic bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and provide data support for the development of high-efficiency microbial fertilizer, in this study, the dilution plate coating method was used to isolate and screen the phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with the ability of mineralizing organic phosphorus from the rhizosphere soil of wild and transplanted varieties of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in 10 different locations in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. After separation and purification, the phosphatolytic capacity was analyzed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Combined with physiological and biochemical experiments, the strains were identified using 16 S rDNA sequencing analysis. Forty one strains were selected from the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis from 10 different habitats. Among them, 21 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the wild variety P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and 20 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the transplanted variety. And significance analysis found that 41 organophosphate solubilizing strains had significant differences in their ability to solubilize phosphorus. The amount of phosphate solubilizing was 0.08-67.61 mg·L~(-1), the pH value was between 4.27 and 6.82. The phosphatolytic amount of strain Y3-5 was 67.61 mg·L~(-1), and the phosphorus increase amount was 57.57 mg·L~(-1). All 41 strains were identified as Gram-positive Bacillus. Combining physiological characteristic and phylogenetic trees, Bacillus mobilis Y3-5 was finally selected as the candidate rhizosphere phosphatolytic bacteria of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The distribution of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was different, and there were significant diffe-rences in phosphorus solubility. Organophosphate-dissolving strain Y3-5 is expected to be a candidate strain of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis microbial fertilizer.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Bacteria/genetics , China , Liliaceae , Phylogeny
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2473-2478, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish the fingerprint of Fritillariae thunbergii formula granules and determine the contents of 3 components. METHODS :HPLC method was used. Using peiminine as reference ,HPLC fingerprints of 13 batches of F. thunbergii formula granules were drawn with Similarity Evaluation System of TCM Chromatogram Fingerprint (2012 edition). Similarity evaluation and common peak identification were conducted. The contents of peimisine ,peimine and peiminine in F. thunbergii formula granules were determined by the same HPLC method. The quality difference of samples were compared among different manufacturers. RESULTS :There were 5 common peaks in 13 batches of F. thunbergii formula granules ,and the similarity was 0.669-0.971. Three common peaks of peimisine ,peimine and peiminine were identified. The linear ranges of peimisine ,peimine and peiminine were 30.00-180.00 μg/mL(r=0.999 9),79.58-477.50 μg/mL(r=0.999 6)and 97.33-584.00 μg/mL(r=0.999 4), respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h)and reproducibility tests were all lower than 3%. The average recoveries were 95.82%(RSD=1.17%,n=6),99.00%(RSD=1.96%,n=6)and 95.39%(RSD=2.00%,n=6),respectively. In the 13 batches of samples ,the content of peimisine ,peimine and peiminine were 0.17-1.02 mg/g,0.52-2.26 mg/g,and 0.70-3.50 mg/g, respectively. Their average total content was 3.62 mg/g. The average total content of manufacturer C and A was higher (5.02 mg/g and 4.61 mg/g),followed by manufacturer E and B (3.48 mg/g and 3.02 mg/g);the lowest was manufacturer D(only 1.87 mg/g). CONCLUSIONS:Established fingerpri nt and content determination method is simple ,feasible and reproducible ,which can be used for the quality evaluation of F. thunbergii formula granules. There are some differences in content among different manufacturers.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1854-1861, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a meth od for the simultaneous determination of 7 active components in Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex from different sources in Chongqing area ,so as to provide reference for improving the quality control standards of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex and comparing the equivalence of their quality. METHODS :HPLC method was used to determine the contents of neochlorogenic acid ,mulberroside A ,chlorogenic acid ,astragalin,kaempferol,morusin and isoquercetin in 58 batches of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. The chromatographic column was Diamonsil C 18 with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid solution-acetonitrile (gradient elution ) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 280 nm,column temperature was 30 ℃,and the injection volume was 10 μL. Using SPSS 22.0 software, independent sample t-test,principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used to analyze the content difference of the above-mentioned 7 active components in Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. RESULTS :There was a good linear relationship between the peak area and the concentration of the above 7 active components (r≥0.999 0). The RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h),repeatability,durability and recovery were less than 3%. The average contents of neochlorogenic acid ,mulberroside A , chlorogenic acid , astragalin, kaempferol, morusin and 023-58576130。E-mail:1025473978@qq.com isoquercetin in Mori Australis Cortex were 0.304,22.462, 1.730,1.308,1.593,2.842 and 0.657 mg/g,respectively. Those of Mori Cortex were 0.305,22.995,2.486,2.438, 2.916,4.158 and 1.264 mg/g,respectively. The results of independent sample t-test showed that only the content of kaempferol in the above 7 active components of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex had significant difference (P<0.05). The results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the contents of above 7 active components between Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. CONCLUSIONS:The established HPLC method is simple ,sensitive and accurate ,which can provide a reference for improving the quality control standard of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex have certain quality equivalence in main active components ,and the Mori Australis Cortex from M. australis and M. cathayana can be used as a substitute for the Mori Cortex.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883418

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore features and relevant influencing factor of ecological executive function in children with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE).Methods:Forty children with CAE (CAE group) and 40 healthy children with physical examination (control group) from April 2017 to July 2020 in Anhui Provincial Children′s Hospital were selected. The behavior rating inventory of executive function (BRIEF) parental questionnaire was used to evaluate the executive function of children. The differences of ecological executive function between 2 groups were compared.Results:The BRIEF total score, behavioral regulation index (BRI) and metacognition index (MI) in CAE group were significantly higher than those in control group: (52.03 ± 10.89) scores vs. (44.05±5.06) scores, (49.45 ± 9.93) scores vs. (43.85 ± 4.70) scores and (53.18 ± 11.24) scores vs. (44.95 ± 5.32) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). Multiple stepwise regression analysis result showed that inhibit inhibition, shift, emotional control, initiation, working memory, planning, organization, monitoring, MI and total score were correlated with disease control ( P<0.01), and disease control had a negative predictive effect on them ( R2 = 0.174, 0.158, 0.234, 0.325, 0.383, 0.337, 0.378, 0.199, 0.463 and 0.435); BRI was correlated with onset age and disease control ( P<0.01 or <0.05), and onset age and disease control had a negative predictive effect on BRI ( R2 = 0.336). Conclusions:Children with CAE have ecological executive dysfunction. The control of the disease and the onset age are the main factors affecting the ecological executive function.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882040

ABSTRACT

Due to the relative shortage of health resources, rational allocation and utilization of health resources is critical to achieving the maximum economic benefits in developing countries, which requires a health economic assessment to meet the needs to balance the competitive requirements of cost reduction and effectiveness enhancement. This review describes the advances in applications of health economic assessment techniques in four major infectious diseases, including AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis B and schistosomiasis. Currently, there is no standard economic assessment in the prevention and control of infectious diseases, and notably, the transparency of cost research is limited, which may affect the popularization of the study conclusions. Further health economic assessments of infectious diseases are required to improve the quality, standard and transparency of the economic evaluation through formulating strategies, to improve the standardization of studies, to improve the popularization of the study conclusions and to improve the applicability of the economic evaluation for policies.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882025

ABSTRACT

This report presented the endemic status of schistosomiasis in the People’s Republic of China at a national level in 2020, and analyzed the data collected from the national schistosomiasis prevention and control system and national schistosomiasis surveillance sites. Among the 12 provinces (municipality and autonomous region) endemic for schistosomiasis in China, Shanghai Municipality, Zhejiang Province, Fujian Province, Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region continued to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination, and Sichuan and Jiangsu provinces maintained the criteria of transmission interruption, while Yunnan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi and Hunan provinces maintained the criteria of transmission control by the end of 2020. A total of 450 counties (cites, districts) were found to be endemic for schistosomiasis in China, with 28 376 endemic villages covering 71 370 400 people at risk of infections. Among the 450 endemic counties (cities, districts), 74.89% (337/450), 21.87% (98/450) and 3.33% (15/450) achieved the criteria of elimination, transmission interruption and transmission control of schistosomiasis, respectively. By the end of 2020, 29 517 cases with advanced schistosomiasis were documented in China. In 2020, 11 117 655 individuals received inquiry examinations and 1 798 580 were positive; 5 263 082 individuals received serological tests and 83 179 were sero-positive. A total of 273 712 individuals received stool examinations and 3 were positive, including one case of acute schistosomiasis. In 2020, snail survey was performed in 19 733 endemic villages in China and Oncomelania snails were found in 7 309 villages, accounting for 37.04% of all surveyed villages, with 15 villages identified with emerging snail habitats. Snail survey covered an area of 736 984.13 hm2 and 206 125.22 hm2 snail habitats were found, including 1 174.67 hm2 emerging snail habitats and 1.96 hm2 habitats with infected snails. In 2020, 544 424 bovines were raised in the schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China, and 147 887 received serological examinations, with 326 positives detected, while 130 673 bovines received stool examinations, with no positives identified. In 2020, there were 19 214 patients with schistosomiasis receiving praziquantel chemotherapy, and 964 103 person-time individuals and 266 280 herd-time bovines were given expanded chemotherapy. In 2020, molluscicide treatment was performed in 136 141.92 hm2 snail habitats, and the actual area of chemical treatment was 71 980.22 hm2, while environmental improvements were performed in snail habitats covering an area of 1 464.03 hm2. Data from the national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of China showed that the mean prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infections were both zero in humans and bovines in 2020, and no S. japonicum infection was detected in snails. The results demonstrate that the overall endemic status of schistosomiasis remains at a low level in China and the goal of the National Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Schistosomiasis Control was achieved as scheduled; however, the endemic situation of schistosomiasis rebounded in local areas. Precision schistosomiasis control and intensified monitoring of the endemic situation and transmission risk of schistosomiasis are required to be performed to facilitate the progress towards elimination of schistosomiasis steadily.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920753

ABSTRACT

The burden of vector-borne diseases refers to the loss and impact of healthy life and social economy due to disability and early death caused by vector-borne diseases, including economic burden and family burden. Disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a comprehensive measure of the burden of disease. The economic burden of disease is classified into direct economic burden, indirect economic burden and intangible economic burden. Currently, the estimates of direct economic burdens include micro-cost and macro-cost models, and the estimates of indirecteconomic burdens include human resources and friction cost methods, while the intangible economic burden is generally estimated by willingness to pay. The currently available health economics approaches mainly include cost-utility analysis, cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis. This review summarizes the approaches for estimating the burden of malaria and other vector-borne diseases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876704

ABSTRACT

Objective To create a model based on meteorological data to predict the regions at risk of schistosomiasis during the flood season, so as to provide insights into the surveillance and forecast of schistosomiasis. Methods An interactive schistosomiasis forecast system was created using the open-access R software. The schistosomiasis risk index was used as a basic parameter, and the species distribution model of Oncomelania hupensis snails was generated according to the cumulative rainfall and temperature to predict the probability of O. hupensis snail distribution, so as to identify the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission during the flood season. Results The framework of the web page was built using the Shiny package in the R program, and an interactive and visualization system was successfully created to predict the distribution of O. hupensis snails, containing O. hupensis snail surveillance site database, meteorological and environmental data. In this system, the snail distribution area may be displayed and the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission may be predicted using the species distribution model. This predictive system may rapidly generate the schistosomiasis transmission risk map, which is simple and easy to perform. In addition, the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission were predicted to be concentrated in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River during the flood period. Conclusions A schistosomiasis forecast system is successfully created, which is accurate and rapid to utilize meteorological data to predict the regions at risk of schistosomiasis transmission during the flood period.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873741

ABSTRACT

Since 2015 when the transmission of schistosomiasis was controlled in China, the country has been moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis, with the surveillance-response as the main interventions for schistosomiasis control. During the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan, the transmission of schistosomiasis had been interrupted in four provinces of Sichuan, Jiangsu, Yunnan and Hubei and the prevalence of schistosomiasis has been at the historically lowest level in China. As a consequence, the goal set in The 13th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China is almost achieved. However, there are multiple challenges during the stage moving towards elimination of schistosomiasis in China, including the widespread distribution of intermediate host snails and complicated snail habitats, many types of sources of Schistosoma japonicum infections and difficulty in management of bovines and sheep, unmet requirements for the current schistosomiasis control program with the currently available tools, and vulnerable control achievements. During the 14th Five-Year period, it is crucial to consolidate the schistosomiasis control achievements and gradually solve the above difficulties, and critical to provide the basis for achieving the ultimate goal of elimination of schistosomiasis in China. Based on the past experiences from the national schistosomiasis control program and the challenges for schistosomiasis elimination in China, an expert consensus has been reached pertaining to the objectives, control strategy and measures for The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China, so as to provide insights in to the development of The 14th Five-Year National Schistosomiasis Control Program in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873739

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis was once endemic in 12 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) along and south of the Yangtze River basin, which seriously damages human health and hinders socioeconomic developments in China. Following the concerted efforts for 70 years, remarkable achievements have been gained in the national schistosomiasis control program of China. However, there are still multiple challenges for elimination of schistosomiasis in the country. This paper describes the current status of schistosomiasis and the challenges during the progress towards the elimination of schistosomiasis, and proposes the goals, key points and research priorities of schistosomiasis control in China during the 14th Five-Year Plan Period.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867102

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of illness perceptions and its effect on quality of life in adult epileptics.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate 98 adult patients with epilepsy and 75 diabetic patients hospitalized at the same period.The Chinese illness perception questionnaire revised edition(CIPQ-R) was used to evaluate the differences in illness perception factors between the two groups.The quality of life in epilepsy-31(QOLIE-31) was used to assess the quality of life of 98 adult epilepsy patients and 55 healthy people, and the correlation analysis and multivariate regression analysis were used to investigate the effect of illness perceptions on the quality of life of epileptic patients.Results:The emotional representations factor score of CIPQ-R in the epilepsy group(21.73±5.79) was higher than that in the diabetes group (18.76±5.42) ( P<0.01). The scores of timeline acute/chronic, personal control and illness coherence factors of CIPQ-R in the epilepsy group((16.47±4.68), (20.91±4.03), (15.21±4.44)) were lower than those in the diabetes group ((19.16±4.75), (22.68±3.90), (16.56±3.73)) ( P<0.05). The scores of multiple factors in the quality of life scale of patients with epilepsy were lower than those in healthy controls( t=-2.264--8.203, P<0.01). Correlation analysis showed that the emotional statement dimension and consequences factors in CIPQ-R were significantly negatively correlated with the total scores of QOLIE-31 and all the other factors it belongs to ( r=-0.202--0.527, P<0.05); the identity, timeline acute/chronic, and timeline cyclical factors in CIPQ-R were negatively correlated with the total score of QOLIE-31 ( r=-0.272--0.342, P<0.01); the treatment control and illness coherence factors in CIPQ-R were positively correlated with the total score of QOLIE-31 ( r=0.259, r=0.307, P<0.01). Multiple stepwise linear regression showed that the identity, timeline acute/chronic, consequences, timeline cyclical, and emotional representations factors were important factors influencing the quality of life of adults with epilepsy. Conclusion:Adult epileptics have certain negative illness perceptions.Among them, identity, timeline acute/chronic, consequences, timeline cyclical and emotional representations factors have significant effects on the quality of life of adult epileptics.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862675

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the correlation between bulb quality and rhizosphere soil factors of Fritillaria taibaiensis of different origins and years, in order to provide theoretical basis for the high quality and safe production of F. taibaiensis. Method::Totally 11 samples of bulb and rhizospheric soil of F. taipaiensis of different origins and years were taken as the research objects. Available N, available P, available K, organic matter, pH and six soil enzyme activities in rhizosphere soils were determined by soil agrochemical analysis method. Peimisine and nine nucleosides in F. taibaiensis bulbs were determined by HPLC, and total alkaloid content was determined by UV. SPSS 22.0 software was used to analyze the correlation of the measured data. Result::There were significant differences in rhizosphere soil factors and bulb quality between F. taibaiensis of different origins and years (P<0.05). In terms of soil factors, the contents of available N, available K, organic matter and six soil enzyme activities in rhizosphere soil of wild varieties were higher than those of cultivated varieties, while the contents of available P and pH were lower than those of cultivated varieties. With the increase of growth years, the soil nutrient index of cultivated varieties showed different change trends, while that of wild varieties did not change significantly. However, most of the soil enzymes in both groups decreased in varying degrees. In terms of bulb quality, the contents of nine nucleosides and alkaloids in F. taibaiensis bulbs decreased with the increase of growth years, with larger change trends of cultivated varieties, while that of wild varieties was not significant. The contents of nucleosides and alkaloids in most cultivated varieties were higher than those in wild varieties. The correlation analysis showed certain correlations between soil factors in rhizosphere as well as soil factors and bulb quality. In general, soil nutrient status and bulb quality decreased with the increase of years. Conclusion::The quality of F. taibaiensis is mainly affected by its rhizosphere soil factors. In the process of field conservation and artificial cultivation, attention shall be paid to increase or decrease of the content of soil nutrients and their proportional relationship according to actual situations, so as to ensure the quality of F. taibaiensis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837609

ABSTRACT

This report presented the endemic status of schistosomiasis in the People’s Republic of China at a national level in 2019, and analyzed the data collected from the national schistosomiasis prevention and control system and 455 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites. Among the 12 provinces (municipality and autonomous region) endemic for schistosomiasis in China, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong and Guangxi continued to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination, Sichuan Province achieved transmission interruption, Jiangsu newly achieved the standard of transmission interruption and 5 provinces of Yunnan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi and Hunan maintained transmission control by the end of 2019. There were 450 endemic counties (cities, districts) endemic for schistosomiasis, including 28 500 endemic villages covering 70 667 800 people at risk of infections. Among the 450 endemic counties (citis, districts), 66.89% (301/450), 28.44% (128/450) and 4.67% (21/450) kept the criteria of elimination, transmission interruption and transmission control of schistosomiasis, respectively. By the end of 2019, a total of 30 170 advanced schistosomiasis cases were documented in China. In 2019, a total of 12 090 712 individuals received inquiry examinations and 1 740 764 were positive; 5 158 369 individuals received serological tests and 89 753 were seropositive. A total of 327 475 individuals received stool examinations and 5 were positive, including one case of acute schistosomiasis. In 2019, snail survey was performed in 19 726 endemic villages in China and Oncomelania snails were found in 7 322 villages, accounting for 37.12% of all surveyed villages, with 6 villages with emerging snail habitats. Snail survey covered an area of 585 286.24 hm2 and 174 270.42 hm2 snail habitats were found, including emerging snail habitats of 64.20 hm2; however, no infected snails were identified. In 2019, a total of 605 965 bovines were raised in the schistosomiasis endemic areas of China, and 183 313 received serological examinations, with 1 176 positives detected, while 134 978 bovines received stool examinations, with 7 positives identified. In 2019, there were 28 557 patients with schistosomiasis receiving praziquantel chemotherapy, and expanded chemotherapy was given to 1 008 083 person-times; there were 7 bovines with schistosomiasis receiving praziquantel chemotherapy, and 296 053 herd-times expanded chemotherapy was given to bovines. In 2019, snail habitats at an area of 128 754.26 hm2 were given chemical treatment, and the actual area of chemical treatment was 69 605.55 hm2, while environmental improvements were performed in snail habitats covering an area of 2 847.00 hm2. Data from the 455 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of China showed that the mean Schistosoma japonicum infection rates were both zero in humans and bovines in 2019, and no infected snails were found. The results demonstrate that the overall endemic situation of schistosomiasis remains at a lower infection level in China; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission. To achieve the target set in the National Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Schistosomiasis Control and consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis control, precision control on schistosomiasis still needs to be reinforced in China.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818580

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis was once hyper-endemic in Jiangsu Province. During the past seven decades, the professionals working in schistosomiasis control from Jiangsu Province insisted on scientific and precision control all the time, created a series of replicable and generalizable “Jiangsu experiences”. These practices have developed a number of tools and approaches that have been employed in schistosomiasis control programs in main endemic foci of China. More importantly, the successful experiences from national schistosomiasis control programs of China have been firstly transferred to Africa by professionals from Jiangsu Province, and remarkable achievements have been obtained for the control of schistosomiasis haematobia in Zanzibar.

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