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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917393

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives@#This study aimed to identify the characteristics and clinical outcomes of cancer patients who developed constrictive physiology (CP) after percutaneous pericardiocentesis. @*Methods@#One-hundred thirty-three cancer patients who underwent pericardiocentesis were divided into 2 groups according to follow-up echocardiography (CP vs. non-CP). The clinical history, imaging findings, and laboratory results, and overall survival were compared. @*Results@#CP developed in 49 (36.8%) patients after pericardiocentesis. The CP group had a more frequent history of radiation therapy. Pericardial enhancement and malignant masses abutting the pericardium were more frequently observed in the CP group. Fever and ST segment elevation were more frequent in the CP group, with higher C-reactive protein levels (6.6±4.3mg/dL vs. 3.3±2.5mg/dL, p<0.001). Pericardial fluid leukocytes counts were significantly higher, and positive cytology was more frequent in the CP group. In baseline echocardiography before pericardiocentesis, medial e′ velocity was significantly higher in the CP group (8.6±2.1cm/s vs. 6.5±2.3cm/s, p<0.001), and respirophasic ventricular septal shift, prominent expiratory hepatic venous flow reversal, pericardial adhesion, and loculated pericardial fluid were also more frequent. The risk of all-cause death was significantly high in the CP group (hazard ratio, 1.53; 95% confidence interval,1.10–2.13; p=0.005). @*Conclusions@#CP frequently develops after pericardiocentesis, and it is associated with poor survival in cancer patients. Several clinical signs, imaging, and laboratory findings suggestive of pericardial inflammation and/or direct malignant pericardial invasion are frequently observed and could be used as predictors of CP development.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 163-175, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832981

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Although anticoagulation with warfarin is recommended as an international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time between 2.0 and 3.0 and mean time in the therapeutic range (TTR) ≥70%, little has been proven that universal criteria might be suitable in Korean atrial fibrillation (AF) patients.@*METHODS@#We analyzed 710 patients with non-valvular AF who took warfarin. INR value and clinical outcomes were assessed during 2-year follow-up. Intensity of anticoagulation was assessed as mean INR value and TTR according to target INR range. Primary net-clinical outcome was defined as the composite of new-onset stroke and major bleeding. Secondary net-clinical outcome was defined as the composite of new-onset stroke, major bleeding and death.@*RESULTS@#Thromboembolism was significantly decreased when mean INR was over 1.6. Major bleeding was significantly decreased when TTR was over 70% and mean INR was less than 2.6. Mean INR 1.6–2.6 significantly reduced thromboembolism (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19–0.85), major bleeding (HR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.23–0.81), primary (HR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.29–0.84) and secondary (HR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.28–0.74) net-clinical outcomes, whereas mean INR 2.0–3.0 did not. Simultaneous satisfaction of mean INR 1.6–2.6 and TTR ≥70% was associated with significant risk reduction of major bleeding, primary and secondary net-clinical outcomes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mean INR 1.6–2.6 was better than mean INR 2.0–3.0 for the prevention of thromboembolism and major bleeding. However, INR 1.6–2.6 and TTR ≥70% had similar clinical outcomes to INR 2.0–3.0 and TTR ≥70% in Korean patients with non-valvular AF.

3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831545

ABSTRACT

Serosurveillance studies reveal the actual disease burden and herd immunity level in the population. In Seoul, Korea, a cross-sectional investigation showed 0.07% anti-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 antibody seropositivity among 1,500 outpatients of the university hospitals. Low seroprevalence reflects well-implemented social distancing.Serosurveillance should be repeated as the pandemic progresses.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 163-175, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although anticoagulation with warfarin is recommended as an international normalized ratio (INR) of prothrombin time between 2.0 and 3.0 and mean time in the therapeutic range (TTR) ≥70%, little has been proven that universal criteria might be suitable in Korean atrial fibrillation (AF) patients.METHODS: We analyzed 710 patients with non-valvular AF who took warfarin. INR value and clinical outcomes were assessed during 2-year follow-up. Intensity of anticoagulation was assessed as mean INR value and TTR according to target INR range. Primary net-clinical outcome was defined as the composite of new-onset stroke and major bleeding. Secondary net-clinical outcome was defined as the composite of new-onset stroke, major bleeding and death.RESULTS: Thromboembolism was significantly decreased when mean INR was over 1.6. Major bleeding was significantly decreased when TTR was over 70% and mean INR was less than 2.6. Mean INR 1.6–2.6 significantly reduced thromboembolism (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.19–0.85), major bleeding (HR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.23–0.81), primary (HR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.29–0.84) and secondary (HR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.28–0.74) net-clinical outcomes, whereas mean INR 2.0–3.0 did not. Simultaneous satisfaction of mean INR 1.6–2.6 and TTR ≥70% was associated with significant risk reduction of major bleeding, primary and secondary net-clinical outcomes.CONCLUSIONS: Mean INR 1.6–2.6 was better than mean INR 2.0–3.0 for the prevention of thromboembolism and major bleeding. However, INR 1.6–2.6 and TTR ≥70% had similar clinical outcomes to INR 2.0–3.0 and TTR ≥70% in Korean patients with non-valvular AF.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , International Normalized Ratio , Prothrombin Time , Risk Reduction Behavior , Stroke , Thromboembolism , Warfarin
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785392

ABSTRACT

There is an urgent need for accurate and rapid diagnostic assays capable of identifying carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). We assessed the performance of the RESIST-4 O.K.N.V. (OKNV) assay (Coris BioConcept, Gembloux, Belgium) for the identification of oxacillinase (OXA)-48-like-, Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM)-, and Verona integron-encoded metallo-β-lactamase (VIM)-producing Enterobacteriaceae grown on sheep blood agar (SBA) and the CHROMagar KPC medium. Sixty-five carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) isolates with characterized carbapenemase content were used to evaluate the OKNV assay. The assay correctly identified all 30 isolates that produced one of the four targeted carbapenemase families. Additionally, it correctly identified 15 isolates that co-produced KPC and NDM, VIM and NDM or OXA-48-like and NDM, but failed to identify an NDM-1 and OXA-232 co-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate. All 16 non-carbapenemase-producing CRE and four CPE isolates exhibited negative results, and no cross-reaction was observed. Overall, the sensitivity and specificity of the assay were 97.8% and 100%, respectively. The OKNV assay is an accurate and rapid assay for identifying OXA-48-like, KPC, NDM, and VIM carbapenemases produced by Enterobacteriaceae isolates cultured on both SBA and the CHROMagar KPC media in the clinical microbiology laboratory.


Subject(s)
Agar , Enterobacteriaceae , Humans , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sheep
6.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 54-61, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719475

ABSTRACT

Rivaroxaban has emerged as a potential alternative to warfarin for the prevention of thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there has been concern for the risk of major bleeding, especially in Asian patients. We investigated the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban compared to warfarin in Korean real world practice. A total of 2,208 consecutive non-valvular AF patients were divided into the Warfarin group (n=990) and the Rivaroxaban group (n=1218). Propensity matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared (Warfarin, n=804; Rivaroxaban, n=804). The efficacy outcome was defined as stroke/systemic embolism (SE). The safety outcome was major bleeding. The primary net clinical benefit (NCB) was defined as the composite of stroke/SE, major bleeding, and all-cause mortality. Secondary, NCB was defined as the composite of stroke, SE, and major bleeding. Rivaroxaban had the similar efficacy in terms of thromboembolic event prevention [hazard ratio (HR) 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37–1.32, p=0.266] compared to warfarin. Rivaroxaban significantly lowered the risk of major bleeding [HR 0.41, 95% CI 0.22–0.76, p=0.004]. Primary NCB was significantly low in the rivaroxaban group [HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.36–0.81, p=0.003]. Secondary NCB was also low in the rivaroxaban group [HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.40–0.99, p=0.041]. Both rivaroxaban 15 mg and 20 mg groups had similar efficacy and significantly lower risks of major bleeding as well as primary and secondary NCB compared to the warfarin group. In patients with non-valvular AF, rivaroxaban had a similar efficacy to warfarin in Korean real world practice. However, rivaroxaban had better safety and net clinical outcomes compared to warfarin.


Subject(s)
Asians , Atrial Fibrillation , Cohort Studies , Embolism , Hemorrhage , Humans , Mortality , Rivaroxaban , Stroke , Thromboembolism , Warfarin
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764880

ABSTRACT

As the need for the organ donation increases, strategies to increase kidney transplantation (KT) through expanded living donation have become essential. These include kidney paired donation (KPD) programs and desensitization in incompatible transplantations. KPD enables kidney transplant candidates with incompatible living donors to join a registry with other incompatible pairs in order to find potentially compatible living donor. Positive cross match and ABO incompatible transplantation has been successfully accomplished in selective cases with several pre-conditionings. Patients who are both difficult-to-match due to broad sensitization and hard-to-desensitize because of donor conditions can often be successfully transplanted through a combination of KPD and desensitization. According to the existing data, KPD can increase the number of KTs from living donors with excellent clinical results. This is also a cost-effective treatment as compared with dialysis and desensitization protocols. We carried out 3-way KPD transplantation with one highly sensitized, positive cross match pair and with two ABO incompatible pairs. Herein we report our first successful 3-way KPD transplantation in a single center. To maximize donor-recipient matching and minimize immunologic risk, KPD programs should use proper algorithms with desensitization to identify optimal donor with simultaneous two-, three- or more complex multi-way exchanges.


Subject(s)
Dialysis , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Living Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Tissue Donors
8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 113-120, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714748

ABSTRACT

Little is known as to why elevated red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesized that RDW value might predict the intensity of anticoagulation, resulting in higher adverse events in patients with AF taking warfarin. We analyzed 657 patients with non-valuvular AF who took warfarin. The intensity of anticoagulation was assessed as mean time in the therapeutic range (TTR) and defined TTR ≥60% as an optimal intensity. The primary end-point was the composite of stroke/systemic embolism and major bleeding. The secondary end-point was the composite of stroke/systemic embolism, major bleeding and death. The relationship between the baseline RDW with TTR and clinical outcomes was assessed using categorical variables as quartiles or dichotomous variables. The mean value of TTR decreased as an increment of the RDW (45.2% vs. 44.7% vs. 40.8% vs. 35.2%, p < 0.001). Primary and secondary end-points were significantly increased when TTR was less than 60% and RDW was more than 13.6%. Ratio of patients achieving optimal anticoagulation were significantly decreased as an increment of RDW. A RDW of ≥13.6% was a significant predictor for poor anticoagulation control (adjusted Odds ratio [OR] 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.23–0.82), stroke (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 3.86, 95% CI 1.11–13.40), primary (adjusted HR 1.88, 95% CI 1.12–3.16) and secondary end-point (adjusted HR 2.46, 95% CI 1.26–4.81). RDW was negatively associated with TTR in patients with AF. Therefore, RDW might be a useful marker for the prediction of anticoagulation response and clinical outcomes in patients with AF.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , Atrial Fibrillation , Embolism , Erythrocyte Indices , Hemorrhage , Humans , Odds Ratio , Prognosis , Stroke , Warfarin
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713940

ABSTRACT

Clinical outcomes of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have not been established in terms of HCC recurrence and MM deterioration after LDLT. A 51-year-old man with chronic hepatitis B was diagnosed with HCC and MM. Since the patient also had decompensated liver cirrhosis (LC), he underwent LDLT prior to autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) to prevent fulminant hepatitis due to HBV reactivation. The patient received Epstein-Barr virus prophylaxis and a triple immunosuppressive regimen of tacrolimus, everolimus, and steroid after LDLT. Autologous PBSCT was performed 7 months after LDLT. He showed a complete response to treatment of MM without post-LT complications or HCC recurrence. In conclusion, LDLT could be adapted for treatment of MM patients with combined HCC and decompensated LC because it is an effective strategy of preventing HBV reactivation and HCC recurrence after induction therapy of MM.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Everolimus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Living Donors , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Recurrence , Tacrolimus
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226732

ABSTRACT

Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction by a thick fibrous membrane wrapping around the small intestine. It is a possible complication after liver transplantation (LT) that can be fatal. This report describes 2 cases of EPS after LT that were successfully treated with surgery, corticosteroids, tamoxifen, and mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor. After treatment in both cases, the patients were able to start oral feeding and have been symptom free for more than 1 year. These cases suggests that for the management of EPS, surgical treatment is mandatory when the patients present with symptoms of intestinal obstruction or if there are findings suggestive of decreased mural perfusion. Surgery should be accompanied with medical treatment to prevent the relapse of EPS.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Intestine, Small , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Membranes , Perfusion , Peritoneal Fibrosis , Recurrence , Sirolimus , Tamoxifen , Transplant Recipients
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183530

ABSTRACT

The Glissonian approach, due to its simplicity of procedure, is a technical procedure widely used in open hepatectomy. However, it is not easily applicable in the setting of the total laparoscopic approach because of movement restriction. We herein propose a new and simple method of performing hemihepatectomy by Glissonian approach called temporary inflow control of the Glissonian pedicle (TICGL) technique. Dissection of the Glisson pedicle from the liver parenchyma is done until the posterior margin of the pedicle is visualized, and is clamped with bulldog clamps. Encircling the pedicle is not necessary. Resection of the liver parenchyma is performed under inflow control of the resected side liver providing less bleeding. After sufficient resection is done so that the whole Glissonian pedicle structures are visualized, the pedicle is encircled, often very easily without the fear of bleeding from the posterior side of the pedicle, which is a common problem when encircling is done before parenchymal resection. The staplers may then be applied safely without injuring the major hepatic veins since they have been already exposed. Stapling is done while the tape is retracted toward the contralateral side. This retraction prevents injury or stricture of the contralateral Glissonian pedicle branch. The remnant liver parenchyma is resected and hepatectomy finalized. The TICGL technique provides a safe and easy way of performing major hemihepatectomies, not only by expert laparoscopic surgeons but by less experienced surgeons. It can therefore become a standard method of performing hemihepatectomy by Glissonian approach.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Constriction, Pathologic , Hemorrhage , Hepatectomy , Hepatic Veins , Laparoscopy , Liver , Methods , Surgeons
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160319

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the outcome of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in liver transplantation (LT) recipients with refractory septic shock and predict the prognosis of those cases. METHODS: From February 2005 to October 2012, ECMO was used in 8 cases of refractory septic shock. Laboratory values including lactate and total bilirubin level just before starting ECMO were obtained and sepsis-related organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACH) II score and simplified acute physiology score (SAPS) 3 were calculated. Subsequent peak serum lactate and total bilirubin level, and SOFA score after 24 hours of starting ECMO were measured. RESULTS: Comparisons were made between survivors and nonsurvivors. ECMO was weaned off successfully in 3 patients (37.5%) and 2 patients (25%) survived to hospital discharge. Clinical scores including SOFA, APACH II, and SAPS3 and laboratory results including lactate, total bilirubin and CRP were not significantly different between survivor and nonsurvivor groups. Lactate level and SOFA score tended to decrease after ECMO support in survivor group and total bilirubin and CRP level tended to increase in nonsurvivor group. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that the implantation of ECMO might be considered in highly selected LT recipients with refractory septic shock.


Subject(s)
APACHE , Bilirubin , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Lactic Acid , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Physiology , Prognosis , Shock, Septic , Survivors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168474

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) is the most reliable marker for regulatory T cells, which play an important role in maintaining renal allograft tolerance. Recently, Foxp3 polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with graft outcome in kidney transplantation. We analyzed the association of Foxp3 polymorphisms with renal allograft outcome. METHODS: Foxp3 polymorphisms (rs3761548 A/C, rs2280883 C/T, rs5902434 del/ATT, and rs2232365 A/G) were tested by PCR with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) in 231 adult kidney transplantation recipients from 1996-2004 at Seoul National University Hospital. RESULTS: Patients with the rs3761548 CC genotype showed better graft survival than those with the AC or AA genotype (log rank test, P=0.03). Patients with the rs3761548 CC genotype also showed a lower rate of recurrence of the original glomerular disease than those with the AC or AA genotype (P=0.01). The frequency of acute rejection (AR) in patients with the rs2280883 TT genotype was lower than that in patients with the rs2280883 CT or CC genotype (26.9% vs 53.3%, P=0.038). Patients with the rs2280883 TT genotype also showed better graft survival than those with the CT or CC genotype (P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Foxp3 rs3761548 CC and rs2280883 TT genotypes were associated with superior graft outcome of kidney transplantation. Further studies involving a larger number of patients are needed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Allografts , Genotype , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Recurrence , Seoul , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Transplantation Tolerance , Transplants
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209174

ABSTRACT

In this study, the Autokit Total Ketone Bodies kit (Wako Pure Chemical, Japan), a total ketone measurement assay using an enzymatic method, was evaluated using a Roche Cobas e702 instrument (Roche Diagnostics, Germany). Precision, linearity, carryover, and reference range verification were evaluated with reference to Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. Standard materials provided by the manufacturer and patient samples were used for the evaluation. The precision and carryover of the evaluation result satisfied the acceptance criteria. Linearity was also acceptable at more than 0.99. The quantitative Autokit Total Ketone Bodies kit is precise, and can be widely used in clinical laboratories.


Subject(s)
3-Hydroxybutyric Acid , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Humans , Ketone Bodies , Methods , Reference Values
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48334

ABSTRACT

Lymphocyte subset analysis is widely used in clinical laboratories, and more than two levels of daily QC materials are required for reliable results. Commercially available, expensive QC materials have short shelf lives and may not be suitable in resource-poor settings. We compared different methods for preparing homemade QC material, including fixation with 1%, 2%, or 4% paraformaldehyde (PFA); freezing with 10% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), 0.1% bovine serum albumin-phosphate buffered saline, or after ethanolic dehydration; and using cryopreservation temperatures of -20℃, -80℃, or -196℃. We found an optimal experimental condition, which is 'fixation with 4% PFA, freezing with 10% DMSO, and storage at 80℃'. To evaluate long-term stability of QC materials prepared in this optimal condition, two levels of QC materials (QM1 and QM2) were thawed after 30, 33, 35, 37, 60, 62, 64, and 67 days of cryopreservation. Lymphocyte subset was analyzed with BD Multitest IMK kit (BD Biosciences, USA). QM1 and QM2 were stable after 1-2 months of cryopreservation (CV <3% for CD3, CD4, and CD8 and 5-7% for CD16/56 and CD19). We propose this method as an alternative cost-effective protocol for preparing homemade internal QC materials for lymphocyte subset analysis in resource-poor settings.


Subject(s)
Cryopreservation , Cryoprotective Agents/chemistry , Flow Cytometry/standards , Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , Quality Control , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Time Factors
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207938

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Flow cytometric crossmatching (FCXM) is widely used in hospitals performing solid organ transplantation. Pronase treatment of lymphocytes can increase the sensitivity and specificity of B-cell FCXM. However, it can also affect human leukocyte antigen (HLA) expression and results of FCXM. We treated lymphocytes with various concentrations of pronase and analysed the effect of the treatment on the FCXM results. METHODS: The peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from 10 renal transplant donors were treated with three different concentrations of pronase (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/mL). The effects of pronase on median fluorescence intensity (MFI) values of AB serum (Fcγ receptor), HLA class I and II, and on the MFI ratio of HLA class I and II were analysed. RESULTS: In B-cell FCXM, the MFI values of AB serum (Fcγ receptor) and HLA class I were significantly decreased by the pronase treatment. The MFI ratio of HLA class II was significantly increased upon treatment with 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/mL pronase (P<0.05, P<0.01, and P<0.01, respectively). In T-cell FCXM, the MFI ratio of HLA class I was significantly decreased by the pronase treatment (all P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: When performing FCXM, it is recommended that B-lymphocytes should be treated with 1.0 or 2.0 mg/mL pronase. In the case of T-lymphocytes, pronase treatment should be adopted with caution.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescence , Humans , Leukocytes , Lymphocytes , Organ Transplantation , Pronase , Sensitivity and Specificity , T-Lymphocytes , Tissue Donors , Transplants
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76939

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is important for the proliferation and survival of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. Bone marrow (BM) microvessel density (MVD) is a useful marker of angiogenesis and is determined by immunohistochemical staining with anti-CD34 antibody. This study investigated the prognostic impact of MVD and demonstrated the relationship between MVD and previously mentioned prognostic factors in patients with MM. METHODS: The study included 107 patients with MM. MVD was assessed at initial diagnosis in a blinded manner by two hematopathologists who examined three CD34-positive hot spots per patient and counted the number of vessels in BM samples. Patients were divided into three groups according to MVD tertiles. Cumulative progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves, calculated by using Kaplan-Meier method, were compared among the three groups. Prognostic impact of MVD was assessed by calculating Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR). RESULTS: Median MVDs in the three groups were 16.8, 33.9, and 54.7. MVDs were correlated with other prognostic factors, including beta2-microglobulin concentration, plasma cell percentage in the BM, and cancer stage according to the International Staging System. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high MVD was an independent predictor of PFS (HR=2.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.22-5.42; P=0.013). PFS was significantly lower in the high MVD group than in the low MVD group (P=0.025). However, no difference was observed in the OS (P=0.428). CONCLUSIONS: Increased BM MVD is a marker of poor prognosis in patients newly diagnosed with MM. BM MVD should be assessed at the initial diagnosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Microvessels/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Plasma Cells/cytology , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: High model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores (> or =35) is closely associated with poor posttransplantation outcomes in patients who undergo living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). There is little information regarding factors that negatively impact the survival of patients with high MELD scores. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with 3-month mortality of patients after LDLT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 774 patients who underwent adult LDLT with right lobe grafts between 1996 and 2012. Exclusion criteria were re-transplantation, left graft, auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation, and inadequate medical recording. Preoperative variables were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The overall 3-month survival rate was 92%. In univariate analysis, acute progression of disease, severity of hepatic encephalopathy, Child-Pugh class C, hepatorenal syndrome, use of continuous renal replacement therapy, use of ventilator, intensive care unit (ICU) care before transplantation, and MELD scores > or =35 were identified as potential risk factors. However, only ICU care before transplantation and MELD scores > or =35 were independent risk factors for 3-month mortality after LDLT. Three-month and 1-year patient survival rates for those with no risk factors were 95.5% and 88.6%, respectively. In contrast, patients with at least one risk factor had 3-month and 1-year patient survival rates of 88.4% and 81.1%, respectively, while patients with two risk factors had 3-month and 1-year patient survival rates of 55.6% and 55.6%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with both risk factors (ICU care before LDLT and MELD scores > or =35) should be cautiously considered for treatment with LDLT.


Subject(s)
Adult , End Stage Liver Disease , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Hepatorenal Syndrome , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Liver Diseases , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors , Medical Records , Mortality , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Transplants , Ventilators, Mechanical
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178282

ABSTRACT

Korean Red Ginseng (KRG) is a functional food and has been well known for keeping good health due to its anti-fatigue and immunomodulating activities. However, there is no data on Korean red ginseng for its preventive activity against acute respiratory illness (ARI). The study was conducted in a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in healthy volunteers (Clinical Trial Number: NCT01478009). Our primary efficacy end point was the number of ARI reported and secondary efficacy end point was severity of symptoms, number of symptoms, and duration of ARI. A total of 100 volunteers were enrolled in the study. Fewer subjects in the KRG group reported contracting at least 1 ARI than in the placebo group (12 [24.5%] vs 22 [44.9%], P = 0.034), the difference was statistically significant between the two groups. The symptom duration of the subjects who experienced the ARI, was similar between the two groups (KRG vs placebo; 5.2 +/- 2.3 vs 6.3 +/- 5.0, P = 0.475). The symptom scores were low tendency in KRG group (KRG vs placebo; 9.5 +/- 4.5 vs 17.6 +/- 23.1, P = 0.241). The study suggests that KRG may be effective in protecting subjects from contracting ARI, and may have the tendency to decrease the duration and scores of ARI symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Chemical Analysis , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Panax/chemistry , Placebo Effect , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Plant Roots/chemistry , Republic of Korea , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/drug therapy , Severity of Illness Index
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