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Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (17): 1-6, 20151022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-948075


El propósito del trabajo fue analizar las características clínicas y electrofisiológicas de pacientes que presentaron crisis originadas en ambas regiones temporales en los registros de Video- EEG de scalp. Del total de la población con epilepsia temporal mesial (ET), resistente a las drogas, que ingresó a la Unidad de Video-EEG del Hospital Municipal Ramos Mejía y del Hospital de Alta Complejidad en Red El Cruce Dr. Néstor C. Kirchner, desde marzo de 2009 a marzo de 2014 (n=150), se seleccionaron 9 pacientes con crisis originadas en ambas regiones temporales (40 crisis focales con compromiso de la conciencia). Del total de los pacientes con epilepsia del lóbulo temporal fármaco-resistente, candidatos a cirugía de la epilepsia, en un 6% de los casos resultó difícil lateralizar la zona epileptógena con el registro de Video-EEG de scalp.

Diagnostic Imaging , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe
Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr ; 25(116): 266-73, 2014 Jul-Aug.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1176996


The current term psychogenic non-epileptic seizures were coined by contemporary neurologists and epileptologists, since the implementation of Video electroencephalogram, considered today the gold standard diagnostic tool. Patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures comprise a heterogeneous group from the psychiatric point of view. The diagnosis that describes the psychogenic non-epileptic seizures is "conversion disorder", often associated with dissociative disorder. These disorders are frequently co-morbid with depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder. Furthermore, usually coexist with personality disorders, especially borderline personality disorder, although dependence personality disorder has also been described. A history of trauma is very important in the pathogenesis and development of psychogenic non-epileptic seizures. The symptoms "core" of the psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (conversion and dissociation), some co-morbidities and personality disorders are treated with psychotherapy, while psychotropic drugs are used for co-morbidities such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder.

Medicina (B.Aires) ; 61(1): 53-6, 2001. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-286379


Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the method of choice to search for epileptogenic lesions. We correlated MRI findings with the epileptogenic zone (EZ) depicted by clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) data. We studied 400 clinical records of patients who had been submitted to MRI studies and we analyzed, retrospectively, their ictal semiology, EEG characteristics and response to treatment. They were classified into 3 groups: A) temporal lobe epilepsy, B) frontal lobe epilepsy and C) parieto-occipital epilepsy. We included 155 patients: Group A) 68 cases (43.9 per cent), 28 men (41.1 per cent), mean age 32 +/- 11 years old, abnormal IMR in 44 (64.7 per cent), refractory to treatment 48 (70.5 per cent). Group B) 68 cases (43.9 per cent), 38 men (55.8 per cent), mean age 30 +/- 15 years old, abnormal IMR in 26 (38.2 per cent), refractory to treatment 30 (44.1 per cent). Group C) 19 cases (12.2 per cent), 13 men (68.4 per cent), mean age 27 +/- 11 years old, abnormal IMR in 11 (57.8 per cent), refractory to treatment 12 (63.1 per cent). Results showed that there were higher possibilities of detecting lesions which correlate with EZ in temporal than in frontal or parieto-occipital lobes epilepsy. The chances to find abnormalities on the MRI were 5 times higher in refractory patients than in those who were non-refractory.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Electroencephalography/methods , Epilepsies, Partial/physiopathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Epilepsies, Partial/diagnosis , Epilepsies, Partial/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies