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J. appl. oral sci ; 30: e20210527, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365006


Abstract Rotational instrumentation is an alternative for the clinical practice of pediatric dentists. However, there are few records in the literature on the clinical and radiographic aspects of treated teeth over time. Objectives: Compare instrumentation time and filling quality between manual (k-file) and rotary (Hyflex EDM®) files, and clinically and radiographically follow-up the treated teeth for 12 months. Moreover, the characteristics of glass ionomer restorations and their interference in the treatment prognosis over time were evaluated. Methodology: In total, 40 children with pulp involvement in primary molars received treatment with Hyflex EDM® or manual rotary files, performed by an operator. Clinical and radiographic aspects were observed at different times to determine the effectiveness of each technique. Results: The rotary system reduced instrumentation time when compared to the use of manual files (p≤0.05), but there was no difference in filling quality between the groups (p≥0.05). Moreover, both types of instrumentation were effective for 12 months (p≥0.05), and restoration retention influenced the emergence of periapical lesions (p≤0.05). Conclusion: Although rotary files reduce clinical time, the clinical and radiographic aspects of both techniques were similar over 12 months. Moreover, restoration retention has been shown to be related to treatment prognosis.

Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 37-44, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339322


Abstract This study aimed to analyze the maxillary growth and development of children with oral clefts using the innovative method of 3D-3D superimposition technique. Children with unilateral complete cleft lip (UCL) and unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) participated in the study. The impressions of the dental arches were executed 1 day before and 1 year after lip repair surgery. A 3D laser scanner digitized the dental models and the stereophotogrammetry system software analyzed the 3D-3D superimpositions in two groups of matches (same child, UCL and UCLP) and one group of mismatches (different individuals). The differences were evaluated by Root Mean Square (RMS) and expressed in millimeters (mm). Kruskal-Wallis test followed by post-hoc Dunn test and Mann-Whitney test were assessed to compare the groups (α=5%). RMS was 1.34 mm (± 0.37) in UCL group, 1.41 mm (± 0.32) in UCLP group, and 3.38 mm (± 1.28) in mismatches group. RMS was significantly greater in mismatches than in matches groups (p<0.0001). No statistically significant differences occurred between genders. The 3D-3D superimposition technique showed the maxillary development after lip repair surgery in the anterior region of the palate. Thus, it is suggested that the cleft amplitude and the palatal segments proportion influenced the morphological heterogeneity and, consequently, the development and maxillary growth of children with orofacial cleft.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o crescimento e desenvolvimento maxilar de crianças com fissuras orais por meio de um método inovador da técnica de sobreposição 3D-3D. Participaram do estudo crianças com fissura unilateral completa de lábio (FL) e fissura unilateral de lábio e palato (FLP). As moldagens dos arcos dentários foram realizadas 1 dia antes e 1 ano após o reparo cirúrgico labial. Um scanner a laser 3D digitalizou os modelos dentários e o software do sistema de estereofotogrametria analisou as sobreposições 3D-3D em dois grupos correspondentes (mesmo indivíduo, FL e FLP) e um grupo não-correspondente (indivíduos diferentes). As diferenças foram avaliadas pelo Root Mean Square (RMS) e expressas em milímetros (mm). O teste de Kruskal-Wallis seguido do teste post-hoc de Dunn e teste de MannWhitney foram avaliados para comparar os grupos (α=5%). RMS foi de 1.34 mm (± 0.37) no grupo FL, 1.41 mm (± 0.32) no grupo FLP e 3.38 mm (± 1.28) no grupo não-correspondente. RMS foi significativamente maior no grupo não-correspondente (p <0.0001). Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os gêneros. A técnica de sobreposição 3D-3D evidenciou o desenvolvimento da maxila após a cirurgia labial na região anterior do palato. Assim, sugere-se que a amplitude da fenda e a proporção dos segmentos palatinos influenciam na heterogeneidade morfológica e, consequentemente, no desenvolvimento e crescimento maxilar de crianças com fissura orofacial

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery
Braz. dent. j ; 30(2): 179-184, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001435


Abstract Cleft lip, alveolus and palate is a congenital malformation caused by the lack of fusion of the lip and palate embryonic processes, which may disrupt the main functions of the stomatognathic system. Aim: This study aimed to assess the orofacial dysfunction in individuals with cleft lip, alveolus, and palate compared to non-cleft patients. One hundred and twenty individuals between 32 and 65 years of age were selected in the Craniofacial Center and in the School of Dentistry and divided into two groups: non-cleft patients (N-CLAP) and cleft lip, alveolus, and palate patients (CLAP). The two groups were matched by gender. Each individual was interviewed and submitted to a clinical evaluation during which the NOT-S was used to assess orofacial dysfunction. To verify the intra-examiner agreement, the values were compared using the Kappa test. The Mann-Whitney test compared performance on the NOT-S between the groups. The Chi-Square test compared the NOT-S domains between the groups. A comparison of the NOT-S scores between the groups revealed statistically significant differences in gender (p<0.001), but no statistically significant differences in the intragroup gender comparison were found. The assessment of the NOT-S domains between the N-CLAP and CLAP groups exhibited statistically significant differences in domains: breathing (p=0.021), chewing and swallowing (p<0.001), and dryness of the mouth (p=0.002) of the interview and significant differences in all domains of the clinical examination (p<0.001). Individuals with CLAP showed more orofacial dysfunction than non-cleft patients, without gender differences, after being assessed through the NOT-S.

Resumo A fissura de lábio, alvéolo e palato é uma malformação congênita causada pela falta de fusão dos processos embrionários labial e palatino, que podem comprometer as principais funções do sistema estomatognático. Utilizando o Nordic Orofacial Test - Screening (NOT-S), este estudo transversal observacional, objetivou avaliar a presença da disfunção orofacial nos indivíduos com fissura de lábio, alvéolo e palato em relação a indivíduos sem fissura ou anomalia craniofacial. Cento e vinte indivíduos entre 32 e 65 anos de idade foram selecionados e divididos em dois grupos: pacientes sem fissura labiopalatina (N-CLAP) e pacientes com fissura de lábio, alvéolo e palato (CLAP). Os dois grupos foram combinados por gênero. Cada indivíduo foi entrevistado e submetido a uma avaliação clínica durante a qual o NOT-S foi utilizado para avaliar a disfunção orofacial. O teste de Mann-Whitney comparou desempenho no NOT-S entre os grupos. O teste Qui-Square comparou os domínios NOT-S entre os grupos. A concordância intra-examinador foi K=0,75. Uma comparação dos escores de NOT-S entre os grupos revelou diferenças estatisticamente significativas no gênero (p<0,001), mas não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas na comparação de gênero intragrupo. A avaliação dos domínios de NOT-S entre os grupos N-CLAP e CLAP apresentou diferenças estatisticamente significativas nos domínios II (p=0,021), IV (p<0,001) e VI (p=0,002) da entrevista e diferenças significativas em todos os domínios do exame clínico (p<0,001). Indivíduos com CLAP apresentaram maior presença de disfunção orofacial do que os indivíduos sem fissura labioapalatina, conforme avaliado pelo NOT-S.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Sex Factors , Face
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e0061, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019602


Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the orofacial functions and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). This case-control study included patients with UCLP matched by sex and age with controls (children without UCLP), resulting in the inclusion of a total of 108 eight- to ten-year-old children. Orofacial functions and OHRQoL were evaluated using the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) and the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 8-1 0 ), respectively. Data normality was assessed by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Differences and correlations in NOT-S and CPQ 8-1 0 scores between and within the groups were evaluated using Mann-Whitney and Spearman´s correlation tests, respectively. The distribution of NOT-S and global ratings of CPQ 8-1 0 for each group were assessed by Chi-squared/Fisher's Exact tests. The UCLP group had a higher NOT-S total and examination scores than the controls. Dysfunctions related to breathing, facial symmetry/expression, and speech were more frequent in the UCLP patients than in the controls. The UCLP group had higher scores on the social well-being domain than the controls. There was a significant difference between the groups in their ratings in regards to the extent to which their oral condition affected their life overall, with controls perceiving it as somewhat better than patients. In both groups, NOT-S total and interview scores were positively correlated with CPQ 8-1 0 total and domain scores. The NOT-S examination score was only significantly correlated with social domain scores in the control group. The presence of UCLP was associated with clinical signs of orofacial dysfunctions related to breathing, facial symmetry/expression, and speech. Children with UCLP reported more orofacial dysfunctions and negative impacts on social well-being than controls.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Quality of Life , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Face/physiopathology , Mouth/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Deglutition/physiology , Disability Evaluation , Facial Asymmetry/physiopathology , Mastication/physiology
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180550, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012512


Abstract Purpose To compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the inflammatory cells, vascular density and IL-6 immunolabeled cells present in the pulp after pulpotomy with white MTA versus 15.5% ferric sulfate (FS). Methodology Forty-eight mandibular first molars from 24 Wistar rats were divided into MTA or FS groups and subdivided according to the period after pulpotomy procedure (24, 48 and 72 hours). Four teeth (sound and untreated) were used as controls. Histological sections were obtained and assessed through the descriptive analysis of morphological aspects of pulp tissue and the quantification of inflammatory cells, vascular density and interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression. Data were statistically analyzed (p<0.05). Results The number of inflammatory cells was similar in both groups, being predominantly localized at the cervical radicular third. In the MTA group, increased inflammation was observed at 48 hours. Vascular density was similar in both groups and over time, being predominant in the medium radicular third. No correlation was found between the number of inflammatory cells and the vascular density. Pulp tissue was more organized in MTA-treated teeth. In both groups, a weak to moderate IL-6 expression was detected in odontoblasts and inflammatory cells. Comparing both groups, there was a greater IL-6 expression in the cervical radicular third of teeth treated with MTA at 24 hours and in the medium and apical thirds at 72 hours, while in the FS group a greater IL-6 expression was found in the apical third at 24 hours. Conclusion The MTA group presented better histological features and greater IL-6 expression than the FS group. However, no difference was observed between the groups regarding the inflammatory status and vascularization, suggesting the usefulness of FS as a low-cost alternative to MTA.

Animals , Male , Oxides/pharmacology , Pulpotomy/adverse effects , Ferric Compounds/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/analysis , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Inflammation/immunology , Time Factors , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dental Pulp/pathology , Drug Combinations
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180030, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002410


Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide (CH) associated with two different vehicles as a capping material for pulp tissue in primary molars, compared with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Methodology: Forty-five primary mandibular molars with dental caries were treated by conventional pulpotomy using one of the following materials: MTA only (MTA group), CH with saline (CH+saline group) and CH with polyethylene glycol (CH+PEG group) (15 teeth/group). Clinical and periapical radiographic examinations of the pulpotomized teeth were performed 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment. Data were tested by chi-squared analysis and a multiple comparison post-test. Results: The MTA group showed both clinical and radiographic treatment success in 14/14 teeth (100%), at all follow-up appointments. By clinical evaluation, no teeth in the CH+saline and CH+PEG groups had signs of mobility, fistula, swelling or inflammation of the surrounding gingival tissue. However, in the CH+saline group, radiographic analysis detected internal resorption in up to 9/15 teeth (67%), and inter-radicular bone resorption and furcation radiolucency in up to 5/15 teeth (36%), from 3 to 12 months of follow-up. In the CH+PEG group, 2/11 teeth (18%) had internal resorption and 1/11 teeth (9%) presented bone resorption and furcation radiolucency at all follow-up appointments. Conclusion: CH with PEG performed better than CH with saline as capping material for pulpotomy of primary teeth. However, both combinations yielded clinical and radiographic results inferior to those of MTA alone.

Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Oxides/therapeutic use , Pulpotomy/methods , Tooth, Deciduous/surgery , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Silicates/therapeutic use , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/diagnostic imaging , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Radiography, Dental , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drug Combinations , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/chemistry , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Saline Solution/chemistry
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170106, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893722


Abstract Oral health problems can influence people's Quality of Life (QoL) because of pain, discomfort, limitations, and other esthetics problems, affecting their social life, feeding, daily activities, and the individual's well-being. Objective: To compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with and without oral clefts and their families. Materials and Methods: 121 children aged from 2 to 6 years, from both sexes, enrolled in the treatment routine of the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of a Dental School and a Hospital for Cleft Treatment were divided into two groups: Group 1 - children with cleft lip and palate; Group 2 - children without cleft lip and palate. The OHRQoL was assessed using the validated Portuguese version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS). The questionnaire was answered individually, only once, at a private place. Mann-Whitney U test was used to verify differences between groups. Spearman's Rho test was used to associate sex and age with quality of life. The level of significance was set at 5% (p<0.05). Results: According to the parents' perception on the OHRQoL of children with and without cleft lip and palate, oral health of children with oral clefts (Group 1) had a statistically significant impact on OHRQoL. The correlation of sex with impact on OHRQoL did not show statistically significant differences. On the other hand, the higher the age the higher the impact on QoL. Conclusions: The group comparison revealed that the cleft lip and palate negatively impacted on OHRQoL of 2 to 6-year-old children and their parents.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Cleft Lip/physiopathology , Cleft Palate/physiopathology , Sickness Impact Profile , Family/psychology , Case-Control Studies , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cleft Lip/psychology , Cleft Palate/psychology , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160629, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893696


Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the capping materials mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide (CH) and BiodentineTM (BD) on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) in vitro. Material and Methods: SHED were cultured for 1 - 7 days in medium conditioned by incubation with MTA, BD or CH (1 mg/mL), and tested for viability (MTT assay) and proliferation (SRB assay). Also, the migration of serum-starved SHED towards conditioned media was assayed in companion plates, with 8 μm-pore-sized membranes, for 24 h. Gene expression of dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) was evaluated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Regular culture medium with 10% FBS (without conditioning) and culture medium supplemented with 20% FBS were used as controls. Results: MTA, CH and BD conditioned media maintained cell viability and allowed continuous SHED proliferation, with CH conditioned medium causing the highest positive effect on proliferation at the end of the treatment period (compared with BD and MTA) (p<0.05). In contrast, we observed increased SHED migration towards BD and MTA conditioned media (compared with CH) (p<0.05). A greater amount of DMP-1 gene was expressed in MTA group compared with the other groups from day 7 up to day 21. Conclusion: Our results show that the three capping materials are biocompatible, maintain viability and stimulate proliferation, migration and differentiation in a key dental stem cell population.

Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Stem Cells/physiology , Time Factors , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Materials Testing , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dental Pulp Capping/methods , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drug Combinations , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/drug effects
Braz. dent. sci ; 20(3): 126-131, 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-868115


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi isolar células do tecido pulpar de dentes decíduos humanos, avaliar a capacidade de proliferação, caracterizá-las e normatizar as técnicas de cultivo e expansão celular destas para a criação de um banco de células. Material e métodos: Dentes decíduos sem cárie e com indicação ortodôntica de para extração foram utilizados como doadores de tecido para a pesquisa. As células foram extraídas de tecidos pulpares, isoladas e cultivadas em condições ideais até alcançarem confluência. Resultados: Após consecutivas passagens, as células cultivadas foram caracterizadas por meio de técnicas de imunofluorescência e congeladas entre a 2ª e a 6ª passagem, criando-se um biorrepositório de células da polpa de dentes decíduos humanos. Conclusão: A criação de bancos de células pulpares de dentes decíduos humanos permite uma aplicação mais ágil nas pesquisas laboratoriais, reduzindo o tempo e o custo da obtenção de novas amostras. Evita necessidade de triagem e obtenção de novos doadores de dentes e tecidos, e permite maior rapidez nas repetições de protocolos de pesquisas. (AU)

Objective: This study aimed to isolate the cells from the dental pulp tissue of human primary teeth, study the capacity of proliferation, characterize the cells and standardize the technique of culture and expansion to create a cell banking. Material and Methods: Primary teeth with no caries and orthodontic reasons were extracted for pulp tissue obtainment. The cells were extracted from the pulp cells, isolated and cultured under ideal conditions until full expansion. Results: After consecutive passages, the cultured cells were characterized using immunofluorescence technique and frozen between the 2nd and 6th passage, thus creating a biorepository of dental pulp cells from human primary teeth. Conclusion: The creation of a cell banking from dental pulp cells from human primary teeth enables the easy application of cells in laboratorial studies, reducing the cost and time for obtaining the samples, avoid the involvement of new subjects and allow a fast reproducibility of the researches. (AU)

Cell Culture Techniques , Cryopreservation , Dental Pulp , Fibroblasts , Tooth, Deciduous
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e46, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839517


Abstract This study aimed at monitoring the maxillary growth of children with cleft lip/palate in the first two years of life, and to evaluate the effects of primary surgeries on dental arch dimensions. The sample consisted of the three-dimensional digital models of 25 subjects with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and 29 subjects with isolated cleft palate (CP). Maxillary arch dimensions were measured at 3 months (before lip repair), 1 year (before palate repair), and at 2 years of age. Student’s ttest was used for comparison between the groups. Repeated measures ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test was used to compare different treatment phases in the UCLP group. Paired ttest was used to compare different treatment phases in the CP group. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Decreased intercanine distance and anterior arch length were observed after lip repair in UCLP. After palate repair, maxillary dimensions increased significantly, except for the intercanine distance in UCLP and the intertuberosity distance in both groups. At the time of palate repair and at two years of age, the maxillary dimensions were very similar in both groups. It can be concluded that the maxillary arches of children with UCLP and CP changed as a result of primary surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Arch/growth & development , Maxilla/growth & development , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cephalometry , Analysis of Variance , Cleft Lip/rehabilitation , Cleft Palate/rehabilitation , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Dental Arch/pathology , Anatomic Landmarks , Medical Illustration
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(6): 549-554, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841152


ABSTRACT The early recognition of risk factors for the occurrence of palatally displaced canines (PDC) can increase the possibility of impaction prevention. Objective To estimate the risk of PDC occurrence in children with dental anomalies identified early during mixed dentition. Material and Methods The sample comprised 730 longitudinal orthodontic records from children (448 females and 282 males) with an initial mean age of 8.3 years (SD=1.36). The dental anomaly group (DA) included 263 records of patients with at least one dental anomaly identified in the initial or middle mixed dentition. The non-dental anomaly group (NDA) was composed of 467 records of patients with no dental anomalies. The occurrence of PDC in both groups was diagnosed using panoramic and periapical radiographs taken in the late mixed dentition or early permanent dentition. The prevalence of PDC in patients with and without early diagnosed dental anomalies was compared using the chi-square test (p<0.01), relative risk assessments (RR), and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV). Results PDC frequency was 16.35% and 6.2% in DA and NDA groups, respectively. A statistically significant difference was observed between groups (p<0.01), with greater risk of PDC development in the DA group (RR=2.63). The PPV and NPV was 16% and 93%, respectively. Small maxillary lateral incisors, deciduous molar infraocclusion, and mandibular second premolar distoangulation were associated with PDC. Conclusion Children with dental anomalies diagnosed during early mixed dentition have an approximately two and a half fold increased risk of developing PDC during late mixed dentition compared with children without dental anomalies.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth Abnormalities/complications , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/etiology , Cuspid/abnormalities , Dentition, Mixed , Tooth Abnormalities/epidemiology , Tooth Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/epidemiology , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic/diagnostic imaging , Tooth, Impacted/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Radiography, Panoramic , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Sex Distribution , Risk Assessment , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Early Diagnosis , Maxilla/abnormalities
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(4): 332-337, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-792592


ABSTRACT Low-Level Laser Therapy stimulates the proliferation of a variety of types of cells. However, very little is known about its effect on stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Objective This study aimed to evaluate the influence of different laser therapy energy densities on SHED viability and proliferation. Material and Methods SHED were irradiated according to the groups: I (1.2 J/cm2 - 0.5 mW – 10 s), II (2.5 J/cm2 – 10 mW – 10 s), III (3.7 J/cm2 – 15 mW – 10 s), IV (5.0 J/cm2 – 20 mW – 10 s), V (6.2 J/cm2 – 25 mW – 10 s), and VI (not irradiated – control group). Cell viability was assessed 6 and 24 h after irradiation measuring the mitochondrial activity and using the Crystal Violet assay. Cell proliferation was assessed after 24, 48, and 72 h of irradiation by SRB assay. Results MTT assay demonstrated differences from 6 to 24 hours after irradiation. After 24 h, groups I and IV showed higher absorbance values than those of control group. Crystal Violet assay showed statistically differences in the absorbance rate from 6 to 24 h after irradiation for groups III and VI. At 24 h after irradiation, Group III absorbance rate was greater than that of groups I, II, and IV. Group VI absorbance rate was greater than that of groups I and IV. SRB assay showed that the group I had higher rates than those of groups II, III, V, and VI, at 24 h after irradiation. After 48 h, group I exhibited the greatest cell proliferation rate followed by groups III, V, and VI. After 72 h, group III exhibited the lowest cell proliferation rate than those of groups II, IV, and V. Conclusions The Low-Level Laser Therapy energy densities used in this study did not cause loss of cell viability and stimulated SHED proliferation within the parameters described in this study.

Humans , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/radiation effects , Tooth Exfoliation , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Radiation Dosage , Rhodamines , Tetrazolium Salts , Time Factors , Cell Survival/radiation effects , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cell Proliferation/radiation effects , Formazans
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 15-23, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-911066


Objective: To compare the retention and superficial characteristics between a new resin-modified glass ionomer sealant and resin sealant. In addition, the teeth sealed were compared to partially erupted first molars (control group) without sealing in relation to the incidence of dental caries. Material and Methods: Initially, 31 children aged 6-8 years participated in this study. The study children showed caries history, but had at least two healthy first molars. A total of 114 teeth were randomly divided into three groups: Clinpro (n=36), Fluroshield (n=38), and control (n=40). The two sealants were applied under relative isolation after previous prophylaxis and enamel etching with phosphoric acid 35% (15s). Clinical evaluation was performed by two calibrated examiners. They evaluated the retention and surface characteristics of the occlusal surface. Results: Fluroshield® showed significantly greater retention than ClinproTM Varnish® XT (p=0.002). However, the performance analysis of the success and failure of retention presented no significant difference between the materials (p=0.141). Concerning to the surface characteristics, Fluroshield performed better than Clinpro after analyzing the marginal deterioration, marginal discoloration, and superficial discoloration (p<0.05). The surface texture of the materials under study was similar (p=0.071). Sealed groups (Clinpro=Fluroshield) showed similar performance in the prevention of dental caries, which was significantly lower than that of control group (p=0.001). Conclusion: Both sealants, Fluroshield® and Clinpro TM Varnish® XT were effective in preventing caries lesion within 6 months, although Fluroshield sealant showed better clinical retention.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Glass Ionomer Cements , Pit and Fissure Sealants/chemistry , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 51-58, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-911082


Objective: To evaluate the ability of different periods of salivary exposure and two different removable appliances to rehardening initial erosive lesions. Material and Methods: This randomized, single blind in situ study was conducted with 2 crossover phases. The factors under study were: period of salivary exposure (15 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour and 2 hours) and type of oral appliance (maxillary or mandibular). Two hundred enamel blocks were selected by initial surface hardness (SHi). Enamel blocks were demineralized in vitro (0.05M citric acid; pH2.5 for 15 seconds), surface hardness (SHd) was remeasured and 160 blocks were selected and randomized among groups. Thus, there were 2 blocks per period of salivary exposure in each type of oral appliance for each one of the 10 volunteers. In each phase, one of the removable appliances was tested. The response variable was percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR=[(SHf-SHd)/SHi)]x100). Two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test were applied adopting 5% of significance. Results: No difference was found among oral appliances on enamel rehardening (p>0.01). Salivary exposure of 2 hours promoted similar enamel rehardening when compared to 1 hour (p>0.05), which showed similar rehardening to 30 min. All mentioned period of salivary exposure promoted superior rehardening than 15 min (p>0.01). Conclusion: The salivary time exposure between erosive attacks might be 2 hours to achieve a feasible maximum rehardening. In addition, both maxillary and the mandibular appliance have presented a similar rehardening ability.

Hardness , Saliva/microbiology , Single-Blind Method , Tooth Erosion/chemically induced , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Analysis of Variance , Brazil
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e131, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951958


Abstract: Bioactive molecules stored in dentin, such as transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-b1), may be involved in the signaling events related to dental tissue repair. The authors conducted an in vitro evaluation of the amount of TGF-b1 released from dentin slices after treatment with 10% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and the effect of this growth factor on stem cell migration from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Sixty 1-mm-thick tooth slices were prepared with or without the predentin layer, and treated with either 10% EDTA for 1 minute, 2.5% NaOCl for 5 days or kept in PBS. Tooth slice conditioned media were prepared and used for TGF-b1 ELISA and migration assays. Culture medium with different concentrations of recombinant human TGF-b1 (0.5, 1.0, 5.0 or 10.0 ng/mL) was also tested by migration assay. The data were evaluated by ANOVA and Tukey's test. Optical density values corresponding to media conditioned by tooth slices either containing or not containing the predentin layer and treated with 10% EDTA were statistically greater than the other groups and close to 1 ng/mL. Increased rates of migration toward media conditioned by tooth slices containing the predentin layer and treated with PBS, 10% EDTA or 2.5% NaOCl were observed. Recombinant human TGF-b1 also stimulated migration of SHED, irrespective of the concentration used. EDTA may be considered an effective extractant of TGF-b1 from the dentin matrix. However, it does not impact SHED migration, suggesting that other components may account for the cell migration.

Humans , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Stem Cells/drug effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Dentin/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Stem Cells/physiology , Tooth, Deciduous/cytology , Tooth, Deciduous/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Culture Media, Conditioned , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Dentin/ultrastructure , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
Braz. dent. sci ; 19(4): 24-31, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-850484


Objetivo: Comparar o exame visual-tátil com os exames baseados em tecnologia na detecção de lesões de cárie em crianças com fissuras labiopalatina. Material e Métodos: 405 faces mesial, distal, vestibular e palatina dos dentes permanentes anteriores superiores próximos a área da fissura de 95 crianças com idade entre 6-12 anos (média 10 anos± 2 anos e 9 meses) foram avaliadas por dois examinadores previamente calibrados. Os seguintes métodos de detecção de lesão de cárie foram usados: exame visual-tátil (Método 1), exame visual-tátil com o auxílio do microscópio operatório (Método 2), exame visual por meio de um aparelho de fluorescência por LED (Método 3). ICDAS foi o sistema usado para classificar todas as lesões de cárie nos três métodos. A sonda OMS foi usada durante o exame visual-táctil. O microscópio operatório foi usado em magnificação de 10x. O aparelho de fluorescência por LED (Evince ®) tinha uma câmera ligada à peça de mão e conectada ao computador. Os métodos auxiliares de detecção de cárie foram comparados ao exame visual-táctil pelo teste de Friedman (P < 0,05). Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante na eficácia dos métodos de detecção de lesão de cárie (P = 0,786). Conclusão: O microscópio operatório e o aparelho de fluorescência por LED não mostraram diferença na a detecção de lesão de cárie para avaliar dentes próximos à área da fissura labiopalatina.

Objective: To compare the visual-tactile examination with the technology-based caries detection examinations in children. Material and Methods: Two previously calibrated examiners assessed 405 mesial, distal, labial, and palatal surfaces of the upper anterior permanent teeth next to the cleft area of 95 children aged 6 to 12 years (mean age of 10 years ± 2 years and 9 months) with oral clefts but without the presence of any associated syndrome or craniofacial anomaly. The following detection methods were used: visual-tactile examination (Method 1), visual-tactile examination through operating microscope (Method 2), visual examination through LED-based fluorescence device (Method 3). ICDAS was the system used to score all caries lesions for all methods. WHO probe was used during the examination with visual-tactile examination. Operating microscope was used at x10 magnification. LED-based fluorescence (Evince™) had a video camera coupled to the handpiece and linked to a computer. The adjunct caries detection methods were compared to visual-tactile examination by Friedman test (P < 0.05). Results: The efficacy of carious lesion detection methods were statistically similar (P = 0.786). Conclusion: Both the operating microscope and the LED-based fluorescence device did not improve caries lesion detection in the permanent anterior teeth next to the cleft area.

Humans , Child , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Dental Caries , Fluorescence , Lenses
Braz. dent. sci ; 19(2): 25-31, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788634


This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the impact of malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Brazilian children with non-syndromic oral cleft sat tertiary craniofacial center. Material and Methods: Sixty-nine children with non-syndromicoral clefts, aged between 8 and 10 years, were selected and divided into groups according to the cleft type: Group 1 – Children with complete unilateral cleft lip and alveolus; Group 2 – Children with unilateral cleft lip and palate; Group 3 –Children with cleft palate. Each child ans wered the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 (CPQ8-10) which is a multiple-choice questionnaire, with 29 questions on the impact of oral diseases on the OHRQoL. Then, a visual examination of dental occlusion was carried out. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used to determine statistical significant differences among groups(p<0.05). Results: No statistically significant differences were verified for the impact of cleft type (p=0.895) and malocclusion (p=0.528) on HRQoL of Brazilian children with oral clefts. Conclusion: The malocclusion did not impact onthe OHRQoL of 8-10 year-old children with nonsyndromicclefts...

Este estudo transversal avaliou o impacto da má oclusão sobre a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde oral de crianças brasileiras com fissuras labiopalatina não sindrômicas de um centro de tratamento craniofacial. Material e Métodos: Sessenta e nove crianças com fissurelabiopalatina não sindrômica, com idades entre oito e dez anos, foram selecionadas e divididas em grupos de acordo com o tipo de fissure: Grupo 1 – Crianças com fissura completa de lábio e alvéolo; Grupo 2 – Crianças com fissura completa de lábio e palato; Grupo 3 –Crianças com fissura de palato. Cada criança respondeu o Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 (CPQ 8-10) que é um questionário de múltipla escolha, com 29 perguntas sobre o impacto das doenças orais sobre a qualidade devida. Em seguida, o exame visual da oclusão foi realizado. Os testes de Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney foram usados para determinar as diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos (p<0,05). Resultados: Diferenças estatisticamente significativas não foram verificadas para o impacto do tipo de fissura (p=0,895) e má oclusão (p=0,528) na qualidade de vida de crianças brasileiras com fissuras labiopalatinas. Conclusão: A má oclusão não teve impacto sobre a qualidade de vida de crianças com idade entre oito a dez anos com fissure de lábio e palato não sindrômica...

Child , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Quality of Life , Oral Health
Braz. dent. j ; 26(6): 678-684, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769568


The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare for 24 months, the retention and surface characteristics of two pit-and-fissure sealants: Helioseal Clear and Helioseal F (Ivoclar Vivadent). The correlation between the different stages of eruption and sealant retention was also verified. Fifty children aged 6 to 8 years participated in the study, totalizing 153 teeth divided into two groups: HC (Helioseal Clear) and HF (Helioseal F). After 6, 12, 18 and 24 months, a clinical examination was performed by previously calibrated examiners. The surface characteristics and the retention of the sealants (modified RYGE & SNYDER criteria) were assessed. Analyzing the occlusal surface, HC exhibited a statistically significant higher retention at 12 (p=0.0345) and 24 months (p=0.0076). Concerning the surface characteristics, only the superficial discoloration of HC was smaller than HF, during the entire studied period. For all the other characteristics, the results of the Mann-Whitney test were highly significant at different periods (p=0.0000 to 0.0421). The frequency of air bubbles within the sealant surfaces, determined by Chi-square test, was significantly higher in HF (p=0.000:12 and 18 months to p=0.002: 6 and 24 months). HC sealant material exhibited the best performance regarding the retention and surface characteristics on the occlusal surface.

Resumo Os objetivos deste trabalho foram avaliar e comparar por 24 meses, a retenção e as características superficiais de dois diferentes materiais seladores, Helioseal Clear e Helioseal F(Ivoclar Vivadent). A correlação entre os diferentes graus de erupção e a retenção dos selantes também foram verificadas. Cinquenta crianças de 6 a 8 anos de idade participaram deste estudo, totalizando de 153 dentes divididos em dois grupos: HC (Helioseal Clear) e HF (Helioseal F). Após 6, 12, 18 e 24 meses, avaliação clínica foi realizada por dois examinadores calibrados. As caracterísiticas superficiais e a retenção (critério modificado de Ryge &Snyder) foram avaliadas. A análise da superfície oclusal, o HC demostrou retenção estatisticamente significante maior para os 12 meses (p=0,0345) e 24 meses (p=0,0076). Em relação às características superficiais, somente para descoloração superficial, o HC foi menor que do HF, durante o período estudado. Para as demais características, os resultados do teste de Mann-Whitney foram altamente significantes para HC em diferentes períodos (p=0,0000 a 0,0421). A frequência de bolhas nas superfícies seladas, determinada pelo teste do Qui-quadrado, foi maior e mais significante no HF (p=0,000:12 e 18 meses a p=0,002: 6 e 24 meses). O selante HC apresentou melhor desempenho à retenção e características superficiais.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Fluorides/administration & dosage , Pit and Fissure Sealants , Resins, Synthetic
Braz. dent. j ; 26(3): 297-302, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751856


The aim of this study was to measure and compare the dimensions of the dental arches on three-dimensional digital study models in children with and without cleft lip and palate before the primary surgery. The sample consisted of 223 digital models of children aged 3-9 months, divided into 5 groups: without craniofacial deformities, unilateral and bilateral incomplete cleft lip and alveolus, unilateral and bilateral complete cleft lip and alveolus, unilateral cleft lip and palate, and bilateral cleft lip and palate. Dental casts of the maxillary dental arches of the children were used. The dental casts underwent a process of scanning through 3D scanner and the measurements used for the correlation among groups were made on the scanned images. Statistical analysis was performed by t test and ANOVA followed by Tukey test. The results showed that the intercanine distance and anterior cleft width was wider in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate. The intertuberosity distances and posterior cleft width was wider in children with bilateral cleft lip and palate among the groups. Children with cleft lip and palate before the primary surgery had wider maxillary arch dimensions than the children without cleft lip and palate.

O propósito deste trabalho foi mensurar e comparar as dimensões dos arcos dentários em modelos digitais tridimensionais de crianças com ou sem fissuras de lábio e palato antes das cirurgias primárias. A amostra foi composta de 223 modelos de gesso de crianças, de 3 a 9 meses, divididas em 5 grupos: sem deformidades craniofaciais, fissura pré-forame incompleta, fissura pré-forame completa, fissura transforame unilateral e fissura transforame bilateral. Modelos de gesso dos arcos dentários superiores das crianças foram utilizados para avaliação. Os modelos passaram por um processo de digitalização, por meio de escâner 3D e as medidas utilizadas para a correlação entre os grupos foram realizadas diretamente nas imagens escaneadas. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do teste t e ANOVA seguido pelo teste de Tukey. Os resultados mostraram que a distância intercaninos e a amplitude anterior da fissura foram maiores nas crianças com fissura transforame unilateral. A distância intertuberosidades e a amplitude posterior da fissura foi maior nas com fissura transforame bilateral entre os grupos estudados. As crianças com fissura de lábio e palato apresentam as dimensões dos arcos maxilares maiores que as crianças sem fissura labiopalatina antes das cirurgias primárias.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Cleft Lip/pathology , Cleft Palate/pathology , Dental Arch/anatomy & histology , Reproducibility of Results
Dent. press endod ; 5(1): 8-12, jan.-abr. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-764823


Introdução: o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a eficácia da Tomografa Computadorizada Cone Beam (TCCB) e da radiografa periapical como métodos de acompanhamento de lesões periapicais, após o tratamento endodôntico em pacientes com fissura labiopalatina. Métodos: imagens radiográfcas periapicais (Grupo I) e de TCCB (Grupo II), de 46 dentes unirradiculares com lesões periapicais, em pacientes com fissura labiopalatina, foram avaliadas. Esses pacientes foram encaminhados ao Departamento de Endodontia do Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofacias – Universidade de São Paulo (HRAC-USP) para tratamento endodôntico, retornando para o acompanhamento depois de seis meses a dois anos. Para avaliações, foi utilizado o índice periapical. A reprodutibilidade intraexaminador foi determinada por meio do teste kappa e os dados foram analisados por meio do teste de Wilcoxon (p < 0,05). Resultados: no Grupo I, 27 dentes apresentaram escore 1 (58,7%); 10 dentes, escore 2 (21,7%); 7 dentes, escore 3 (15,2%); 1 dente teve escore 4 (2,2%) e 1 dente teve escore 5 (2,2%). No Grupo II, 7 dentes apresentaram escore 1 (15,2%); 8 dentes, escore 2 (17,4%); 18 dentes, escore 3 (39,1%); 10 dentes, escore 4 (21,7%) e 3 dentes, escore 5 (6,6%). Houve diferença estatisticamente signifcativa entre os grupos estudados. Os escores, avaliados nos mesmos dentes, foram maiores na TCCB do que nas radiografas. Conclusão: a TCCB é mais eficaz do que a radiografa periapical para o acompanhamento de lesões periapicais, após o tratamento endodôntico, em pacientes com fissura labiopalatina.

Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Endodontics , Periapical Periodontitis , Radiography, Dental , Tomography, Emission-Computed