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SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2013; 13 (1): 156-161
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-126067


Eating epilepsy [EE], where seizures are triggered by eating, is rare and has not been reported in the Gulf region. In EE, the ictal semiology includes partial or generalised seizures. Focal brain changes on imaging, if present, are often confined to the temporal lobe or perisylvian region. Therapeutic options, especially in those patients who are refractory to pharmacotherapy, have not been well-established. We report a series of five patients with EE from Oman, a country located in the eastern part of the Arabian Gulf region, and highlight the usefulness of temporal lobectomy in one patient who had medically-intractable EE. Surgical intervention could be considered as a potential therapeutic option in carefully selected patients with medically-intractable seizures

Humans , Female , Male , Epilepsy, Reflex/diagnosis , Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2012; 12 (4): 503-507
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-126012


Intracranial developmental venous anomalies [DVAs], also called venous angiomas, and Wilson's disease are both considered rare disorders with varying degrees of neurologic and systemic manifestations; yet the coexistence of the two disorders is considered extremely rare, bearing in mind the low prevalence of each disorder. Epilepsy is a recognised presentation in these disorders and will be the focus of discussion in our report of a 21-year-old male patient who, based on a clinical examination and laboratory and neuroimaging results, was diagnosed with both Wilson's disease and DVA. He presented initially at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman with tremors and writing difficulties in the right hand followed by the development of epilepsy, and was treated medically by de-coppering and antiepileptic medications. We also present a brief literature review of both disorders, their association with epilepsy, and treatment options. Family screening for patients with Wilson's disease is pivotal in preventing unfavourable outcomes

Humans , Male , Epilepsy/etiology , Central Nervous System Venous Angioma
SQUMJ-Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 2012; 12 (1): 103-108
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-124457


The autoimmune disease, myasthenia gravis [MG], can mimic a variety of neurological disorders leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. On occasions, misdiagnosis of MG could lead to unnecessary and potentially harmful therapeutic interventions. We report on a 12 year-old boy, in whom MG was mistaken for meningitic sequelae and subsequently for critical neuropathy/myopathy resulting in considerable morbidity for nearly a decade. Subsequent correct diagnosis and optimal management resulted in significant improvement in his functional status. We discuss the importance of considering MG as one of the potential differential diagnoses among cases of recurrent respiratory pump failure, or unexplained bulbar symptoms where documentary proof of the previous diagnoses including work-up for MG is lacking. We also review the literature on MG misdiagnosis and highlight the potential pitfalls in MG diagnosis

Humans , Male , Diagnostic Errors , Hoarseness , Deglutition Disorders , Meningitis , Bulbar Palsy, Progressive , Pneumonia , Review Literature as Topic