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1.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(3): 205-209, set. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-976772

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En las cirugías de la región retropúbica, la sección o ruptura de la anastomosis puede causar graves hemorragias de difícil control. Nuestro objetivo fue verificar la presencia o no de anastomosis arterial o venosa entre los vasos ilíacos y obturadores en la región retropúbica. Materiales y Métodos: Treinta cadáveres (14 hombres/16 mujeres; 60% de raza blanca y 40%, no blanca). Después de la disección, se verificó si había anastomosis y su distancia de la sínfisis púbica. Resultados: El 13,3% no tenía comunicación y el 86,6% tenía algún tipo de anastomosis (p <0,01), la anastomosis venosa fue la más frecuente (p <0,05). La distancia promedio entre la anastomosis y la sínfisis púbica fue de 5,7 cm. Al comparar el sexo, la anastomosis y el lado, el 57% de los hombres presentaba anastomosis en ambos lados, y el 81% y 88% de las mujeres la tenían en el lado derecho e izquierdo, respectivamente (p <0,05). Cuando se comparó la presencia de anastomosis con el lado, el 70% estaba en el derecho y el 73%, en el izquierdo (p >0,05). El 72% de los blancos y el 67% de raza no blanca tenían anastomosis (p >0,05). Conclusiones: La presencia de anastomosis es más frecuente que la ausencia y no existe diferencia significativa en cuanto al lado. Está localizada, en promedio, a 5,7 cm de la sínfisis púbica y la venosa es significativamente más frecuente. Es significativamente más frecuente en las mujeres. No hay diferencia estadística en cuanto a la presencia de anastomosis entre la raza blanca y no blanca. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: During surgical interventions, section or rupture of the anastomosis may cause severe difficult-to-control bleeding. The aim of this study was to verify the presence or absence of arterial or venous anastomosis among iliac and obturator vessels in the retropubic region. Methods: Thirty cadavers (14 men/16 women; 60% white and 40% non-white). After dissection, the presence of anastomosis and its distance from the pubic symphysis were verified. Results: The 13.3% presented no communication and 86.6% presented some type of anastomosis (p<0.01). Venous anastomosis was more frequent (p<0.05). The mean distance from anastomosis to pubic symphysis was 5.7 cm. Regarding sex and side, 57% of male specimens presented anastomosis on both sides, while 81% and 88% of women had on the right and left side, respectively (p<0.05). Seventy percent of specimens had anastomosis on the right side and 73% on the left (p>0.05). Anastomosis was observed in 72% of whites and 67% of non-whites. Conclusions: Presence of anastomosis is more frequent than its absence, and there is no significant difference regarding side. It is located at 5.7 cm from the pubic symphysis and venous anastomosis is significantly more frequent. Anastomosis is significantly more frequent in females. There is no statistically significant difference between white and non-white races. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Arteriovenous Anastomosis , Pubic Bone/blood supply , Iliac Artery/anatomy & histology , Cadaver
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(9): 1818-1823, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976511

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to compare tissue repair of skin defects in rabbits submitted to autologous and homologous grafts treated or not with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). We selected nine rabbits and constituted four groups, designated as G1, in which were performed autologous graft treated with PRP; G2, autologous graft only; G3, homologous graft treated with PRP; and G4, homologous graft only. Macroscopic and histomorphometric evaluation was realized. The histomorphometric evaluation was performed by Hematoxylin/Eosin and Masson´s Trichrome staining with quantification of collagen fibers, macrophages, fibroblasts and vessels. The autologous graft treated with PRP showed positive influence on the early stage of the tissue repair process at the macroscopic evaluation, characterized by rosy color and cosmetic appearance. At the histomorphometric evaluation, there was no statistical difference in the number of macrophages and fibroblasts between the treated grafts or not with the PRP, as well as the quantification of vessels and collagen fibers. It can be concluded that PRP promotes a positive influence on the initial phase or "take" of the graft.(AU)


Objetiva-se com o presente estudo comparar a reparação tecidual de defeitos cutâneos em coelhos, submetidos a enxertos autólogos e homólogos, tratados ou não com plasma rico em plaquetas (PRP). Para isso, foram selecionados nove coelhos e constituídos quatro grupos experimentais, designados como G1, no qual foi realizado enxerto autólogo tratado com PRP; G2, enxerto autólogo; G3, enxerto homólogo tratado com PRP; e G4, enxerto homólogo. Foram realizadas avaliações macroscópica e histomorfométrica, por meio das colorações de Hematoxilina/Eosina e Tricômio de Masson, incluindo quantificação de fibras colágenas, contagem de macrófagos, fibroblastos e vasos. O uso do enxerto autólogo com PRP influenciou positivamente na fase inicial do processo de reparação tecidual à avaliação macroscópica, caracterizada por coloração rósea e de aspecto cosmético. À avaliação histomorfométrica, não houve diferença estatística quanto ao número de macrófagos e fibroblastos entre os enxertos tratados ou não com o PRP, bem como quanto às contagens de vasos e a quantificação das fibras colágenas. Conclui-se que o PRP sob a promoveu influência positiva na fase inicial ou de "pega" do enxerto autólogo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits/blood , Tissue Transplantation/veterinary
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(3): 489-495, mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-965022

ABSTRACT

The objective was to verify the effectiveness of ketoanalogues in dogs with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stage 3. Controlled randomized clinical trial was performed with twenty dogs with CKD stage 3. Animals were subjected to: Group 1 (control): conventional therapy (CT) for CKD; Group 2: CT and 60mg/kg, OA, q48h of keto-supplementa; Group 3, CT and 60mg/kg, OA, q24h of keto-supplementa; and Group 4, CT and 120mg/kg, OA, q12h of keto-supplementa. All dogs received canine renal diet. Animals were evaluated at the beginning of therapy and after 15 and 30 days. Complete blood count (CBC), serum urea, creatinine, phosphorus, calcium, potassium and sodium and urine protein/creatinine (UPC) ratio were analyzed. The use of ketoanalogues in dogs with CKD stage 3 during the period of 30 days showed no efficacy, in any of the studies dosages, to improve signs and symptoms of the disease, improve the values of CBC, reduce serum urea and creatinine, normalize electrolytes or reduce UPC. It is concluded that the use of ketoanalogues does not impact the clinical outcomes in dogs with CKD stage 3.(AU)


O objetivo foi de verificar a eficácia da suplementação com cetoanálogos em cães com Doença Renal Crônica (DRC) grau 3. Um ensaio clínico controlado e randomizado foi realizado com 20 cães com DRC grau 3. Os animais foram divididos em 4 grupos: grupo 1 (controle): terapia convencional (TC) para DRC; grupo 2: TC e 60mg/kg, VO, q48h de cetoanálogoa; grupo 3: TC e 60mg/kg, VO, q24h de cetoanálogoa; e grupo 4, TC e 120mg/kg, VO, q12h de cetoanálogoa. Todos os cães receberam ração renal para cães. Os animais foram avaliados no início da terapia e após 15 e 30 dias. Hemograma completo, ureia, creatinina, fósforo, cálcio, potássio e sódio séricos e a razão proteína creatinina (RPC) urinária foram analisados. Foi verificado que o uso dos cetoanálogos em cães com DRC grau 3 durante 30 dias não mostrou eficácia, em nenhuma das dosagens utilizadas, em melhorar os sinais clínicos e sintomatologia da doença, os valores do hemograma e ureia e creatinina séricos, normalizar eletrólitos e reduzir RPC. Concluiu-se que o uso de cetoanálogos não impacta na melhora de sintomatologia clínica em cães com CKD grau 3. Como esse parece ser o primeiro ensaio clínico sobre cetoanálogos em cães com CKD, mais estudos podem ser necessários com maior acompanhamento e maiores grupos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dogs/abnormalities , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/veterinary , Clinical Study , Amino Acids, Essential/administration & dosage , Keto Acids/administration & dosage
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(10): 1172-1176, out. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895347

ABSTRACT

Pulsed Doppler ultrasound was used to evaluate portal blood flow, portal velocity and portal congestion index in 24 healthy sheep divided into groups (lambs, yearlings and ewes), according to age. Measurements were performed at the 11th right intercostal space using ideal insonation angle and uniform insonation method. Mean values obtained in each group were compared with one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey post-hoc test. Portal velocity and portal blood flow were statistically similar between the groups (P>0.05). Mean portal velocity were 17.75; 17.13 and 16.75; while mean portal blood flow were 26.65; 31.04 and 24.32 for lambs, yearlings and ewes, respectively. Portal congestion index was statistically distinct between the groups and values for lambs, yearlings and ewes were 0.009; 0.058 and 0.09, respectively (P<0.01). Statistical differences were observed in portal vein diameter, portal vein area and portal congestion index between the groups, presumably due to influence of weight and not to age.(AU)


A ultrassonografia com Doppler pulsado foi utilizado para avaliar o fluxo sanguíneo portal, velocidade portal e índice de congestão portal em 24 ovinos saudáveis divididos em grupos (cordeiros, borregos e ovelhas), de acordo com a idade. As medições foram realizadas no 11o espaço intercostal direito utilizando ângulo de insonação ideal e método de inclusão uniforme. Os valores médios obtidos em cada grupo foram comparados com ANOVA, seguido pelo teste post-hoc de Tukey. A velocidade portal e o fluxo de sangue portal foram estatisticamente semelhantes entre os grupos (P>0,05). A velocidade portal média foram 17,75; 17,13 e 16,75; enquanto o fluxo de sangue portal médios foram 26,65; 31,04 e 24,32 para cordeiros, borregos e ovelhas, respectivamente. O índice de congestão portal foi estatisticamente diferente entre os grupos e os valores para cordeiros, novilhos e ovelhas foram 0,009; 0,058 e 0,09, respectivamente (P<0.01). Observaram-se diferenças estatísticas nos diâmetros da veia porta, na área da veia porta e nos índices de congestão portal entre os grupos, provavelmente devido à influência do peso e não pela idade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep/physiology , Portal Pressure/physiology , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Pulsed/veterinary , Liver Circulation/physiology , Liver/injuries
5.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1785-1799, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The effect of the ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) on Aeromonas hydrophila was analyzed by determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Then, the effects of crude propolis powder (CPP) on growth, hemato-immune parameters of the Nile tilapia, as well as its effects on resistance to A. hydrophila challenge were investigated. The CPP (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0%) was added to the diet of 280 Nile tilapia (50.0 ± 5.7 g fish-1). Hemato-immune parameters were analyzed before and after the bacterial challenge. Red blood cell, hematocrit, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitric oxide (NO) were evaluated. The MIC of the EEP was 13% (v/v) with a bactericidal effect after 24 hours. Growth performance was significantly lower for those fish fed diets containing 2.5 and 3% of CPP compared to the control diet. Differences in CPP levels affected fish hemoglobin, neutrophils number and NO following the bacterial challenge. For others parameters no significant differences were observed. Our results show that although propolis has bactericidal properties in vitro, the addition of crude propolis powder to Nile tilapia extruded diets does not necessarily lead to an improvement of fish health.


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/administration & dosage , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/veterinary , Aeromonas hydrophila/drug effects , Cichlids/microbiology , Fish Diseases/diet therapy , Propolis/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/diet therapy , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Dietary Supplements , Cichlids/blood , Fish Diseases/microbiology , Immunity, Innate
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(8): 891-896, Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895503

ABSTRACT

Clinical evaluations of newborns, as well as defining the therapeutic decision, represent significant challenges to the veterinarian. This study aimed to evaluate neonatal vitality using the modified Apgar score and blood glucose, lactate, and cortisol concentrations in newborn equines. Twenty foals of the Paint Horse breed born by normal delivery were evaluated during the first 48 hours of life. The modified Apgar score was determined at birth and 10 minutes later, with values ranging from 0 to 10. Blood samples for the laboratory tests were collected at birth and at 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, and 48 hours. The mean Apgar score was significantly lower at birth than at 10 minutes (p < 0.001). Blood glucose concentrations increased significantly between birth (98.90 ± 35.97 mg/dL) and 8 hours (127.90 ± 27.15 mg/dL), stabilizing after the first 12 hours (148.95 ± 29.59 mg/dL). Serum lactate concentrations showed a significant decrease across the time points tested, with the highest value occurring at birth (5.48 ± 2.17 mmol/L) and stabilizing after 24 hours (2.76 ± 1.31 mmol/L). Cortisol concentrations significantly decreased (p < 0.01) between 4 (10.46 ± 7.46 µg/dL) and 48 hours (5.21 ± 3.35 µg/dL), with the highest value occurring 4 hours after birth. The common occurrence of laboratory abnormalities in healthy newborn foals reinforces the need to conduct regular clinical examinations and to develop laboratory reference values for different breeds and ages.(AU)


A avaliação clínica dos recém-nascidos, bem como a definição da conduta terapêutica adotada representam expressivos desafios ao Médico Veterinário. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a vitalidade neonatal pelo escore de Apgar modificado, glicemia, lactatemia e cortisol em neonatos equinos. Para tal, foram utilizados 20 potros da raça Paint Horse, nascidos em eutocia, durante as primeiras 48 horas de vida. O escore de Apgar modificado foi realizado ao nascimento e 10 minutos após, atribuindo-se notas de 0 a 10. As colheitas das amostras de sangue, para a realização das análises laboratoriais, ocorreram nos momentos ao nascimento, 4, 8, 12, 20 16, 20, 24, 36 e 48 horas de vida. A média do escore de Apgar ao nascimento foi significativamente menor que aos 10 minutos (p<0,001). A glicemia aumentou significativamente entre o nascimento (98,90 ± 35,97 mg/dL) e às 8 horas (127,90 ± 23 27,15 mg/dL), com estabilização após as primeiras 12 horas (148,95 ± 29,59 mg/dL). A concentração sérica de lactato apresentou decréscimo significativo entre os momentos estudados, sendo o maior valor encontrado ao nascimento (5,48 ± 2,17 mmol/L), com estabilização a partir das 24 horas (2,76 ± 1.31 mmol/L). As concentrações de cortisol, reduziram significativamente (p<0,01), entre as 4 (10,46 ± 7,46 µg/dL) e as 48 horas (5,21 ± 3,35 µg/dL), sendo o maior valor encontrado as 4 horas após o nascimento. A ocorrência comum de anormalidades laboratoriais em potros recém-nascidos, aparentemente saudáveis, reforça a necessidade da realização de exames clínicos regulares e o desenvolvimento de valores laboratoriais de referência, em diferentes raças e idades.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Infant, Newborn , Hydrocortisone/blood , Lactic Acid/blood , Glycemic Index , Horses/growth & development , Animals, Newborn/blood , Apgar Score
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(6): 582-586, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827786

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The current study was aimed at analyzing sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (Serca2) and ryanodine receptor type 2 (Ryr2) gene expression in rats subjected to surgery that induced HF and were subsequently treated with T4 using physiological doses. Materials and methods HF was induced in 18 male Wistar rats by clipping the ascending thoracic aorta to generate aortic stenosis (HFS group), while the control group (9-sham) underwent thoracotomy. After 21 weeks, the HFS group was subdivided into two subgroups. One group (9 Wistar rats) with HF received 1.0 µg of T4/100 g of body weight for five consecutive days (HFS/T4); the other group (9 Wistar rats) received isotonic saline solution (HFS/S). The animals were sacrificed after this treatment and examined for signs of HF. Samples from the left ventricles of these animals were analyzed by RT-qPCR for the expression of Serca2 and Ryr2 genes. Results Rats with HF developed euthyroid sick syndrome (ESS) and treatment with T4 restored the T3 values to the Sham level and increased Serca2 and Ryr2 gene expression, thereby demonstrating a possible benefit of T4 treatment for heart function in ESS associated with HF. Conclusion The T4 treatment can potentially normalize the levels of T3 as well elevated Serca2 and Ryr2 gene expression in the myocardium in heart failure rats with euthyroid sick syndrome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Thyroxine/administration & dosage , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/drug therapy , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/drug effects , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Triiodothyronine/drug effects , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/complications , Euthyroid Sick Syndromes/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Gene Expression/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel/genetics , Models, Animal , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/drug effects , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases/genetics , Heart Failure/complications
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(12): 989-996, dez. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771958

ABSTRACT

A avaliação da epífora pode ser feita por exames clínicos, testes de excreção lacrimal, exames contrastados, como avaliação radiológica e estudo tomográfico; estes dois últimos permitem análise minuciosa das estruturas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a via lacrimal excretora com uso de radiografia e tomografia computadorizada contrastadas, feitas em animais com epífora, comparando-se com animais sadios, sem essa afecção. Foram utilizados 20 cães, de raças e pelagens variadas, machos e fêmeas, com peso de 1 a 20 kg, com 0,7 a 8 anos de idade, apresentando epífora (grupo epífora - GE). Como grupo de controle (GC), foram utilizados 15 cães, sem alterações clínicas de drenagem do sistema lacrimonasal de raças e pelagens variadas, machos e fêmeas, pesando 1 a 20 kg, com 0,7 a 8 anos. Foi proposta a divisão do sistema de drenagem lacrimal em quatro regiões. Na região 1, o GE teve 29 (76,3%) animais com dilatação visibilizada pelo R-X e 32 (84,2%) pela TC; no GC, 4 (12,5%) no R-X e 1 (3,1%) na TC demonstraram dilatação. Na região 3, 13 (34,2%) cães evidenciaram dilatação do DLN no R-X e 14 (36,8%) na TC; e 21 (55,3%) comunicação do ducto lacrimonasal com o seio nasal pelo R-X e 28 (73,7%) pela TC. Já no GC, 15 (46,9%) pelo R-X e 22 (68,7%) pela TC possuíam comunicação do ducto lacrimonasal com o seio nasal. Concluiu-se que: dilatações também podem ser observadas em alguns cães sem sinal clínico da afecção; comunicação do ducto lacrimonasal com o seio nasal não indica alteração causadora de epífora, pois está presente em animais com e sem afecção; os dados do presente estudo confirmam que o exame DCG por si pode dar importantes informações, de forma semelhante à TC, devendo-se recorrer à ela apenas quando houver dúvidas sobre lesões ósseas, fraturas e corpos estranhos não detectados pelo primeiro...


Epiphora evaluation can be done through clinical exams, lachrymal excretion tests, contrasted exams, like radiologic evaluation and tomography studies; those last two allow a detailed analysis of the structures. The present study had as the objective to evaluate the lacrimal drainage system through radiography and contrasted computed tomography, which were made with animals presenting epiphora, comparing them to healthy animals, without the mentioned condition. Twenty dogs were used for tests, from a variety of breeds and coatings, males and females, weight varying from 1kg to 20kg, ages varying from 0.7 to 8 years old, presenting epiphora (epiphora group - GE*). As a control group (GC*) 15 dogs were used, with no clinical alterations of naso-lachrymal drainage system, from different breeds and coatings, males and females, weighing from 1kg to 20kg and ages varying from 0.7 to 8 years old. It was propoused the division of the lacrimal drainage system in four regions. On region 1, the GE had 29 (76.3%) animals with dilation visualized by the RX and 32 (84.2%) by CT, the GC, 4 (12.5%) in the RX and 1 (3.1% ) CT showed dilation. In region 3, 13 (34.2%) dogs showed dilatation of the DLN in RX and 14 (36.8%) on CT, and 21 (55.3%) nasolacrimal duct communication with the sinus and the X-ray 28 (73.7%) by CT. For the CG, 15 (46.9%) the X-ray and 22 (68.7%) by CT had nasolacrimal duct communication with the nasal sinus. It has been concluded that dilations can also be observed in some dogs with no clinical signs of disease; nasolacrimal duct communication to sinus does not indicate epiphora causing alteration, as it is present in animals with and without affection; the present study data confirm that DCG itself can provide important informations, in a similar manner to CT, and should resort to it just in case of doubts about bone lesions, fractures and foreign bodies undetected at first...


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Dacryocystitis/diagnosis , Dacryocystitis/veterinary , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/diagnosis , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/veterinary , Radiography/veterinary , Technology, Radiologic/veterinary , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(8): 979-982, ago. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-686073

ABSTRACT

Enterotoxaemia, a common disease that affects domestic small ruminants, is mainly caused by the epsilon toxin of Clostridium perfringens type D. The present study tested four distinct immunization protocols to evaluate humoral response in lambs, a progeny of non-vaccinated sheep during gestation. Twenty-four lambs were randomly allocated into four groups according to age (7, 15, 30 and 45 days), receiving the first dose of epsilon toxoid commercial vaccine against clostridiosis with booster after 30 days post vaccination. Indirect ELISA was performed after the first vaccine dose and booster to evaluate the immune response of the lambs. Results showed that for the four protocols tested all lambs presented serum title considered protective (≥0.2UI/ml epsilon antitoxin antibodies) and also showed that the anticipation of primovaccination of lambs against enterotoxaemia conferred serum title considered protective allowing the optimization of mass vaccination of lambs.


Enterotoxemia, uma das mais comuns enfermidades que acomete os pequenos ruminantes domésticos, é causada principalmente pela toxina épsilon de Clostridium perfringens tipo D. O presente estudo avaliou a resposta humoral conferida por quatro protocolos distintos de primovacinação na progênie de ovelhas não vacinadas durante a gestação. Vinte e quatro cordeiros foram aleatoriamente divididos em quatro grupos de acordo com a idade (dias) que receberam a primeira dose da vacina comercial contra clostridiose contendo toxóide epsilon na sua formulação. Todos os cordeiros foram vacinados aos 7, 15, 30 ou 45 dias de idade e receberam um reforço da dose 30 dias após a vacinação. A avaliação sorológica dos cordeiros pelo teste de ELISA indireto foi realizada por ocasião da administração da primeira dose da vacina. Os resultados elucidaram não haver comprometimento da resposta imune de cordeiros vacinados tanto aos 7, 15, 30 ou 45 dias de idade associada ao reforço da dose 30 dias após, demonstrando assim que a antecipação da primeira vacinação conferiu proteção aos cordeiros contra a enterotoxemia, permitindo otimizar o planejamento da vacinação em massa dos cordeiros.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies/immunology , Antitoxins/toxicity , Clostridium , Kinetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunization/veterinary , Ruminants
10.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 45(4): 448-455, out.-nov. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-668380

ABSTRACT

Modelo de Estudo: Pesquisa descritiva, observacional, transversal. Introdução: A obesidade é doença complexa, multifatorial envolvendo determinantes genéticos, endócrinos, demográficos, socioeconômicos e epidemiológicos. A busca de respectivos indicadores hereditários de risco expressa-se cada vez maior, sobretudo por aplicação de metodologias simples e de baixo custo, aí incluídos os dermatóglifos. Objetivo: Investigar o perfil dermatoglífico de trinta mulheres brasileiras, com idade média de 46,1 ± 07,87 anos e percentual de gordura corporal igual ou superior a 30%. Resultados: Observou-se predominância de arcos, baixa freqüência de presilhas e elevado número de verticilos do dedo IV, além da freqüência dos raros padrões palmares na área interdigital 2. Conclusões: No cotejo com estudos com outras populações, tais achados confirmam a reconhecida variabilidade das frequências dos dermatóglifos em diferentes grupos populacionais,mas destacam a convergência dos achados em obesas, independentemente das diferentes origens pessoais das mesmas. Acumularam-se, assim, evidências adicionais acerca do componente constitucional da obesidade.


Study design: descriptive, observational, cross-sectional. Purpose: Obesity is a complex, multifactorial disease, including genetic and endocrine factors, demographic, socioeconomic, and epidemiological changes. It affects children, adults, and elderly persons. Searching respective hereditary risk indicators is increasing, mainly by applying simple and low-costmethodology. We included thus dermatoglyphics. Objective: To investigated 30 Brazilian women dermatoglyphic profiles, 46.1 ± 07.87 years old, and body fat % equal or higher than 30%. Results: Arch predominance, low loop frequency, and high amount of IV-finger whorls were observed, as well as frequency of rare palmar pattern in 2-interdigital area. Conclusions: Data confirm the variability of dermatoglyphics frequency in different population groups, revealing that the findings meant obesity, regardless of women's different personal characteristics. Thus, additional evidences on constitutional component of obesity have been accumulated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Dermatoglyphics , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity/etiology , Risk Factors
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 32(1): 17-21, Jan. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-614725

ABSTRACT

Enterotoxemia, uma das mais importantes enfermidades que acomete os pequenos ruminantes domésticos, é causada principalmente pela toxina épsilon de Clostridium perfringens tipo D. O presente estudo avaliou a cinética de anticorpos colostrais antitoxina épsilon em cordeiros nascidos de ovelhas submetidas a dois diferentes tipos de manejo sanitário. Um grupo de ovelhas prenhes (n=6) foi vacinado com uma dose única de vacina comercial polivalente contra clostridioses contendo toxóide épsilon na sua formulação cerca de 30 dias antes da data prevista para a parição. Outro grupo de ovelhas (n=6) de mesma idade gestacional não foi vacinado. Imediatamente após o parto, antes da ingestão do colostro, foram colhidas amostras sanguíneas dos respectivos cordeiros, bem como aos 30 e 60 dias de idade e submetidas à avaliação sorológica pelo teste de ELISA indireto. Os resultados encontrados permitem concluir que a vacinação de ovelhas prenhes 30 dias antes do parto contra a enterotoxemia causada pela toxina épsilon, com dose única de produto comercial, induz imunidade passiva em níveis considerados protetores (>0,5UI/ml) aos cordeiros por, no mínimo, 60 dias de idade.


Enterotoxemia, a disease that affect small ruminants, is caused mainly by the epsilon toxin from Clostridium perfringens type D. This study evaluated the kinetics of epsilon antitoxin colostral antibodies in lambs born to ewes submitted to two different types of health management. A group of pregnant ewes (n=6) was vaccinated with a single dose of commercial vaccine against polyvalent clostridial toxoid containing epsilon in its formulation some 30 days before the expected date of birth. Another group of ewes (n=6) of the same gestational age were not vaccinated. Immediately after birth, before intake of colostrum, blood samples were collected from their lambs as well as 30 and 60 days of age for serum evaluation by ELISA. The results allow to conclude that vaccination of pregnant ewes 30 days before parturition allowed the transfer of colostral antibodies specific enough to guarantee the immunity considered protective (0,5UI/ml) of the newborn lamb against enterotoxemia until its entry into the feedlot, with 60 days of age.


Subject(s)
Clostridium perfringens/chemistry , Sheep/immunology , Bacteria, Anaerobic/pathogenicity
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 97(3): 232-240, set. 2011. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-601802

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Vários mecanismos têm sido propostos contribuir para a disfunção cardíaca em modelos de obesidade, tais como alterações nas proteínas do trânsito de cálcio (Ca+2) e nos receptores beta-adrenérgicos. Todavia, o papel desses fatores no desenvolvimento da disfunção miocárdica induzida pela obesidade ainda não está claro. OBJETIVO: Este estudo pretende investigar se a obesidade induzida por um ciclo de dieta hipercalóricas resulta em disfunção cardíaca. Além disso, foi avaliado se essa alteração funcional em ratos obesos está relacionada com o prejuízo do trânsito de Ca+2 e do sistema beta-adrenérgico. MÉTODOS: Ratos Wistar machos, 30 dias de idade, foram alimentados com ração padrão (C) e um ciclo de cinco dietas hipercalóricas (Ob) por 15 semanas. A obesidade foi definida pelo aumento da porcentagem de gordura corporal dos ratos. A função cardíaca foi avaliada mediante análise isolada do músculo papilar do ventrículo esquerdo em condições basais e após manobras inotrópicas e lusitrópicas. RESULTADOS: Em comparação com o grupo controle, os ratos obesos apresentaram aumento da gordura corporal e intolerância a glicose. Os músculos dos ratos obesos desenvolveram valores basais semelhantes; entretanto, as respostas miocárdicas ao potencial pós-pausa e aumento de Ca+2 extracelular foram comprometidas. Não houve alterações na função cardíaca entre os grupos após a estimulação beta-adrenérgica. CONCLUSÃO: A obesidade promove disfunção cardíaca relacionada com alterações no trânsito de Ca+2 intracelular. Esse prejuízo funcional é provavelmente ocasionado pela redução da atividade da bomba de Ca+2 do retículo sarcoplasmático (SERCA2a) via Ca+2 calmodulina-quinase.


BACKGROUND: Several mechanisms have been proposed to contribute to cardiac dysfunction in obesity models, such as alterations in calcium (Ca2+) handling proteins and β-adrenergic receptors. Nevertheless, the role of these factors in the development of myocardial dysfunction induced by obesity is still not clear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether obesity induced by hypercaloric diets results in cardiac dysfunction. Furthermore, it was evaluated whether this functional abnormality in obese rats is related to abnormal Ca2+ handling and the β-adrenoceptor system. METHODS: Male 30-day-old Wistar rats were fed with standard food (C) and a cycle of five hypercaloric diets (Ob) for 15 weeks. Obesity was defined as increases in body fat percentage in rats. Cardiac function was evaluated by isolated analysis of the left ventricle papillary muscle under basal conditions and after inotropic and lusitropic maneuvers. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the obese rats had increased body fat and glucose intolerance. The muscles of obese rats developed similar baseline data, but the myocardial responsiveness to post-rest contraction stimulus and increased extracellular Ca2+ were compromised. There were no changes in cardiac function between groups after β-adrenergic stimulation. CONCLUSION: Obesity promotes cardiac dysfunction related to changes in intracellular Ca2+ handling. This functional damage is probably caused by reduced cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2) activation via Ca2+ calmodulin kinase.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Calcium/metabolism , Myocardium/metabolism , Obesity/metabolism , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/metabolism , Blood Glucose/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Energy Intake/physiology , Heart/physiopathology , Models, Animal , Obesity/complications , Obesity/physiopathology , Rats, Wistar
13.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 14(6): 477-482, nov.-dez. 2010. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-574779

ABSTRACT

CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: O uso da eletromiografia de superfície (EMG-S) tem sido considerado como instrumento de avaliação quantitativa na síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF). Tratamentos conservadores objetivam melhorar o alinhamento patelar, e a estimulação elétrica do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO) tem sido considerada por ser seletiva e não causar irritação articular. OBJETIVO: Verificar o efeito de um programa de fortalecimento muscular com estimulação elétrica do VMO na SDPF por meio da capacidade de avaliação da EMG-S. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 10 mulheres jovens (idade: 23,1±4,9 anos; massa corporal: 66,8±14,0 kg; estatura: 1,63±6,9 cm; IMC: 25,1±5,6 kg/m²) com SDPF unilateral, as quais realizaram o teste funcional de subir degrau para captação da atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos VMO e vasto lateral (VL), antes e após um programa de estimulação elétrica do VMO. A eletroestimulação foi realizada três vezes por semana, durante seis semanas. Foram consideradas, para análise entre VMO e VL, as variáveis razão do tempo do início até o pico de ativação, razão da integral do sinal (teste t para amostras dependentes) e diferença de início de ativação (teste de Wilcoxon), com nível de significância de p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Os resultados mostraram que ocorreu alteração somente no comportamento eletromiográfico relativo à razão da integral do sinal, mostrando que, após o treinamento muscular, ocorreram mudanças na capacidade de geração da força. CONCLUSÃO: O uso da eletroestimulação deve ser considerado no sentido de complementar a abordagem terapêutica conservadora em portadores da SDFP e a análise da razão da integral do sinal de EMG-S, como instrumento de avaliação. Artigo registrado no Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) sob o número ACTRN 12609000079246.


BACKGROUND: The use of surface electromyography (SEMG) has been considered a tool for quantitative assessment of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Conservative treatments aim to improve patellar alignment, and electrical stimulation of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle has been considered effective because it is selective and does not cause joint irritation. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficiency of a muscle strengthening program with electrical stimulation of the VMO muscle in PFPS by SEMG. METHODS: A group of ten young women (age: 23.1±4.9 years; body mass: 66.8±14.0 kg; height: 1.63±6.9 cm; BMI: 25.1±5.6 kg/m²) with unilateral PFPS participated in the study. They performed the functional test of stair stepping to capture the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the VMO and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles, before and after a program of electrical stimulation of the VMO muscle. The electrical stimulation was performed three times per week for six weeks. For analysis between the VMO and VL muscles, we considered the variables: ratio of time of onset to peak of activation, ratio of the integrals of the signals (t-test for dependent samples), and difference between onsets of activation (Wilcoxon test), with significance level of p<0.05. RESULTS: The results only showed change in behavior in the EMG signal for the ratio of the integrals of the signals, indicating that changes occurred in the force-generating capacity of the muscle after the training. CONCLUSION: The use of electrical stimulation should be considered to complement the conservative therapeutic approach in patients with PFPS, and the analysis of the ratio of the integrals of the SEMG signals should be considered as an instrument of evaluation. Article registered in the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) under number ACTRN 12609000079246.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/therapy , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Muscle Strength , Muscle, Skeletal , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome/physiopathology
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 36(5): 557-562, Sept.-Oct. 2010. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-567895

ABSTRACT

PUSPOSE: To evaluate food intake of patients with urinary lithiasis and idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2007 and June 2008, 105 patients with lithiasis were distributed into 2 groups: Group 1 (n = 55) - patients with IH (urinary calcium excretion > 250 mg in women and 300 mg in men with normal serum calcium); Group 2 (n = 50) - normocalciuria (NC) patients . Inclusion criteria were: age over 18, normal renal function (creatinine clearance = 60 mL/min), absent proteinuria and negative urinary culture. Pregnant women, patients with some intestinal pathology, chronic diarrhea or using corticoids were excluded. The protocol of metabolic investigation was based on non-consecutive collection of two 24-hour samples for dosages of: calcium, sodium, uric acid, citrate, oxalate, magnesium and urinary volume. Food intake was evaluated through the quantitative method of Dietary Register of three days. RESULTS: Urinary excretion of calcium (433.33 ± 141.92 vs. 188.93 ± 53.09), sodium (280.08 ± 100.94 vs. 200.44.93 ± 65.81), uric acid (880.63 ± 281.50 vs. 646.74 ± 182.76) and magnesium (88.78 ± 37.53 vs. 64.34 ± 31.84) was significantly higher in the IH group in comparison to the NC group (p < 0.05). As regards the nutritional composition of food intake of IH and NC groups, there was no statistical significant difference in any nutrient evaluated. CONCLUSION: In our study, no difference was observed in the food intake of patients with urinary lithiasis and IH or NC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diet , Eating , Hypercalciuria/metabolism , Lithiasis/metabolism , Body Mass Index , Calcium/urine , Magnesium/urine , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sodium/urine , Time Factors , Urinary Calculi , Uric Acid/urine
15.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 13(6): 542-548, nov.-dez. 2009. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-537984

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Comparar os efeitos do uso de dois tipos de palmilhas, customizadas e pré-fabricadas, sobre a descarga plantar de peso e o comportamento de sintomas osteomusculares em trabalhadoras de linha de montagem. MÉTODOS: Ensaio randomizado com 27 mulheres que trabalhavam em postura ortostática estática, com média de idade de 30,3±7,09 e massa de 64,85±13,65 e que apresentavam sintomas osteomusculares. Inicialmente, aplicou-se o Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares e coletaram-se as pressões plantares pelo sistema de baropodometria computadorizada (FootWork). Posteriormente, a casuística foi dividida em grupo controle (GC), que utilizou palmilha pré-fabricada e grupo intervenção (GI), que usou palmilha customizada de etilvinilacetato (EVA) durante oito semanas. Dados baropodométricos foram novamente coletados assim como a reaplicação do questionário. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística significante na comparação entre grupos e dados baropodométricos. Notou-se, entretanto, mudança de comportamento nas variáveis de descarga em cada momento avaliado, assim como o aumento para as variáveis de média pressão de descarga e pressão plantar máxima (p<0,05). Também não foi mostrada diferença estatística significante para qualquer local anatômico entre os grupos nos diferentes momentos de avaliação. Observou-se que, dentro de cada grupo, houve redução dos níveis dolorosos na região dos pés e da coluna lombar, quando comparado momento inicial e final da intervenção (p<0,05). CONCLUSÕES: Ambas as palmilhas reduziram os níveis dos sintomas na coluna lombar e pé. Após oito semanas, houve aumento da pressão máxima e média das pressões nos pés e redução de área de superfície plantar, observados nas duas palmilhas.


OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of the use of custom and prefabricated insoles on the behavior of plantar weight load and musculoskeletal symptoms in assembly line workers. METHODS: A randomized trial was carried out with 27 women who worked in a static standing position and had musculoskeletal symptoms. The mean age was 30.3±7.09 years and the weight 64.85±13.65 Kg. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was administered, and plantar pressure was determined using a computerized baropodometric system (FootWork). The sample was then divided into control group, which wore pre-fabricated insoles, and intervention group, which wore ethylvinylacetate insoles for eight weeks. Baropodometric data were collected and the questionnaire was administered once again. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in the comparison between groups and baropodometric data. However, a change was noted in the behavior of the load variables between evaluations, with an increase in mean load pressure and maximal plantar pressure (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between groups for any anatomical site in the different evaluations. Within each group, there was a reduction in foot pain and back pain between evaluations (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both types of insole reduced pain symptoms in the lumbar region and feet. After eight weeks of use, there was an increase in maximal and mean plantar pressure and a reduction in plantar surface area with both types of insole.

16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 93(5): 487-533, nov. 2009. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-536199

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Embora dietas hiperlipídicas (DH) promovam distúrbios nutricionais e cardíacos, poucos estudos avaliaram sua influência em ratos normotensos Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) e espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR). OBJETIVO: Avaliar e comparar o perfil nutricional e cardiovascular de WKY e SHR tratados com DH. MÉTODOS: 20 WKY e 20 SHR foram distribuídos em quatro grupos: WKY-controle (WKY-C), WKY-DH, SHR-controle (SHR- C) e SHR-DH. Os grupos C e DH receberam, respectivamente, dieta normocalórica e DH durante 20 semanas. Foram avaliados: peso corporal (PC), adiposidade, glicemia, lípides séricos, com dosagens de colesterol total e triacilglicerol, insulina e leptina. O estudo cardiovascular contemplou a pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), avaliação cardiopulmonar anatômica, ecocardiograma e histologia cardíaca. RESULTADOS: Os SHRs apresentaram menor PC, adiposidade, glicose, colesterol, triacilglicerol, leptina e insulina, quando comparados aos WKYs. Nos SHR, a ingestão calórica aumentou com a DH. Já nos WKYs, a DH elevou a eficiência energética, a adiposidade e a leptina e reduziu a glicemia. Na avaliação cardiovascular, os SHR apresentaram maior PAS, umidade pulmonar, hipertrofia e fibrose intersticial miocárdica em relação aos WKYs (p<0,01); mas a função cardíaca foi similar entre as cepas. A DH reduziu o diâmetro sistólico ventricular nos WKY e acentuou a relação E/A mitral, as espessuras diastólicas do septo interventricular e da parede posterior bem como a fibrose intersticial do ventrículo esquerdo. CONCLUSÃO: Embora não tenha afetado significativamente o perfil nutricional dos SHRs, o tratamento acentuou a remodelação cardíaca e precipitou o aparecimento de disfunção diastólica ventricular. Nos WKY, a dieta aumentou a adiposidade e a leptinemia, e promoveu modificações cardiovasculares não significantes.


BACKGROUND: Although a high fat diet (HFD) promotes nutritional and heart disorders, few studies have assessed its influence in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the nutritional and cardiovascular profiles of WKY and SHR on a high fat diet. METHODS: 20 WKY and 20 SHR were divided into four groups: Control-WKY (C-WKY), HFD-WKY, Control-SHR (C-SHR) and HFD-SHR. The C and HFD groups received, respectively, a normocaloric diet and a HFD for 20 weeks. The following features were evaluated: body weight (BW), adiposity, blood glucose, serum lipids, with measurements of total cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels, insulin and leptin. The cardiovascular study included the systolic blood pressure (SBP), a cardiopulmonary anatomical evaluation, an echocardiography and heart histology. RESULTS: The SHR had BW, adiposity, glucose, cholesterol, triacylglycerol, leptin and insulin levels lower than the WKY. In SHR, the caloric intake increased with HFD. In WKY, the HFD increased energy efficiency, adiposity and blood leptin, and reduced glucose. In the cardiovascular assessment, the SHR had SBP, pulmonary moisture, myocardial hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis higher than the WKY (p <0.01); the cardiac function was similar in both strains. The HFD reduced the ventricular systolic diameter in the WKY and increased the mitral E/A ratio, the diastolic thickness of the interventricular septum and the posterior wall, as well as the interstitial fibrosis of the left ventricle. (Arq Bras Cardiol 2009; 93(5) : 487-494) CONCLUSION: Although it had not significantly affected the nutritional profile of the SHR, the treatment increased cardiac remodeling and precipitated the emergence of ventricular diastolic dysfunction. In WKY, the diet increased adiposity and leptinemia, and promoted non-significant cardiovascular changes.


FUNDAMENTO: Embora dietas hiperlipídicas (DH) promovam distúrbios nutricionais e cardíacos, poucos estudos avaliaram sua influência em ratos normotensos Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) e espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR). OBJETIVO: Evaluar y comparar el perfil nutricional y cardiovascular de WKY y SHR tratadas con DH. MÉTODOS: Un total de 20 WKY y 20 SHR se distribuyó en cuatro grupos: WKY-control (WKY-C), WKY-DH, SHR-control (SHR-C) y SHR-DH. Los grupos C y DH recibieron, respectivamente, dieta normocalórica y DH durante 20 semanas. Se evaluaron: peso corporal (PC), adiposidad, glucemia, lípidos séricos, con dosificaciones de colesterol total y triacilglicerol, insulina y leptina. El estudio cardiovascular contempló la presión arterial sistólica (PAS), evaluación cardiopulmonar anatómica, ecocardiograma e histología cardiaca. RESULTADOS: Las SHRs presentaron menor PC, adiposidad, glucosa, colesterol, triacilglicerol, leptina e insulina, cuando comparadas a las WKYs. En las SHR, la ingestión calórica aumentó con la DH. Sin embargo en las WKYs, la DH elevó la eficiencia energética, la adiposidad y la leptina y reduzco la glucemia. En la evaluación cardiovascular, las SHR presentaron mayor PAS, humedad pulmonar, hipertrofia y fibrosis intersticial miocárdica en cuanto a las WKYs (p<0,01); sin embargo la función cardiaca se halló similar entre las cepas. La DH reduzco el diámetro sistólico ventricular en los WKY y acentuó la relación E/A mitral, los espesores diastólicos del septo interventricular y de la pared posterior así como la fibrosis intersticial del ventrículo izquierdo. CONCLUSIÓN: Aunque no afectó significativamente el perfil nutricional de las SHRs, el tratamiento acentuó la remodelación cardiaca y precipitó el aparecimiento de disfunción diastólica ventricular. En los WKY, la dieta aumentó la adiposidad y la leptinemia, y promovió modificaciones cardiovasculares no significantes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dietary Fats/administration & dosage , Heart/physiology , Nutritional Status/physiology , Rats, Inbred SHR/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Weight/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Dietary Fats/adverse effects , Epidemiologic Methods , Heart/physiopathology , Lipid Metabolism/physiology , Rats, Inbred WKY , Rats, Inbred SHR/metabolism
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 35(5): 592-598, Sept.-Oct. 2009. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-532773

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate prevalence and risk factors of fecal and urinary incontinence (UI) in Brazilian women. Material and Methods: 685 women older than 20 years of age answered a questionnaire about urinary and fecal symptoms, clinical and obstetric antecedents. They were grouped according to presence or absence of UI. Results: Urinary and fecal incontinence was reported in 27 percent and 2 percent of cases, respectively. Mean age of incontinent women was significantly higher than continent ones. Incontinent women had a mean number of micturitions significantly higher than the continent ones. On average, incontinent women had higher rate of pregnancies and vaginal delivery when compared to the continent ones. Body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in incontinent participants and in women with no UI complaints (27.35 vs. 24.95, p < 0.05). Fecal incontinence prevalence was 2 percent and occurred exclusively in patients with UI. Conclusions: Vaginal delivery and high BMI have been identified as risk factors for UI development while aging and number of pregnancies may be correlated factors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Fecal Incontinence/epidemiology , Urinary Incontinence/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Delivery, Obstetric/adverse effects , Parity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
18.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 85(1): 15-20, jan.-fev. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-507694

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar a ventilação mandatória intermitente (IMV) com a ventilação mandatória intermitente sincronizada com pressão de suporte (SIMV+PS) quanto à duração da ventilação mecânica, desmame e tempo de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva pediátrica (UTIP). MÉTODOS: Estudo clínico randomizado que incluiu crianças entre 28 dias e 4 anos de idade, admitidas na UTIP no período correspondente entre 10/2005 e 06/2007, que receberam ventilação mecânica (VM) por mais de 48 horas. Os pacientes foram alocados, por meio de sorteio, em dois grupos: grupo IMV (GIMV; n = 35) e grupo SIMV+PS (GSIMV; n = 35). Foram excluídas crianças traqueostomizadas e com insuficiência respiratória crônica. Dados relativos à oxigenação e ventilação foram anotados na admissão e no início do desmame. RESULTADOS: Os grupos não diferiram estatisticamente quanto à idade, sexo, indicação da VM, escore PRISM, escala de Comfort, uso de sedativos e parâmetros de ventilação e oxigenação. A mediana da duração da VM foi de 5 dias para ambos os grupos (p = 0,120). Também não houve diferença estatística quanto à duração do desmame [GIMV: 1 dia (1-6) versus GSIMV: 1 dia (1-6); p = 0,262] e tempo de internação [GIMV: 8 dias (2-22) versus GSIMV: 6 dias (3-20); p = 0,113]. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre IMV e SIMV+PS quanto à duração da VM/desmame e tempo de internação nas crianças avaliadas. ClinicalTrials.govID: NCT00549809.


OBJECTIVE: To compare intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) with synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation plus pressure support (SIMV+PS) in terms of time on mechanical ventilation, duration of weaning and length of stay in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial that enrolled children aged 28 days to 4 years who were admitted to a PICU between October of 2005 and June of 2007 and put on mechanical ventilation (MV) for more than 48 hours. These patients were allocated to one of two groups by drawing lots: IMV group (IMVG; n = 35) and SIMV+PS group (SIMVG; n = 35). Children were excluded if they had undergone tracheotomy or had chronic respiratory diseases. Data on oxygenation and ventilation were recorded at admission and at the start of weaning. RESULTS: There were no statistical differences between the groups in terms of age, sex, indication for MV, PRISM score, Comfort scale, use of sedatives or ventilation and oxygenation parameters. The median time on MV was 5 days for both groups (p = 0.120). There were also no statistical differences between the two groups for duration of weaning [IMVG: 1 day (1-6) vs. SIMVG: 1 day (1-6); p = 0.262] or length of hospital stay [IMVG: 8 days (2-22) vs. SIMVG: 6 days (3-20); p = 0.113]. CONCLUSION: Among the children studied here, there was no statistically significant difference between IMV and SIMV+PS in terms of time on MV, duration of weaning or time spent in the PICU. ClinicalTrials.govID: NCT00549809.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/methods , Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation/methods , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Ventilator Weaning/statistics & numerical data
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 28(12): 597-600, Dec. 2008. mapas, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-509316

ABSTRACT

Com o objetivo de se avaliar a freqüência de caprinos leiteiros soropositivos para Neospora caninum, no estado de São Paulo, e se verificarem possíveis associações com idade, sexo e problemas reprodutivos, nos capris, e, também, presença de cães, nas propriedades, foram obtidos soros de 923 caprinos de ambos os sexos e idade acima de 3 meses. Os animais eram provenientes de 17 propriedades de diferentes municípios. Para o diagnóstico, foi utilizado o teste de aglutinação para Neospora (NATe"25), e, em todos os capris, aplicou-se um inquérito a partir do qual se obtiveram informações epidemiológicas e de esfera reprodutiva. Todos os resultados estatísticos foram discutidos no nível de 5% de significância. Assim, chegou-se à conclusão de que a freqüência percentual de positividade para N. caninum foi de 19,77%, e, em apenas uma propriedade, não houve registro de animal soropositivo, o que revela difusão do agente, no Estado. Não foram verificadas diferenças significativas entre freqüências de positividade quanto ao sexo, idade ou problemas reprodutivos. Porém, ressalta-se que a presença de cães, nos capris, foi associada a uma maior freqüência de caprinos soropositivos a N. caninum. A representação geográfica da distribuição de caprinos soropositivos para o protozoário, em mapa coroplético em hachuras, pode implicar em um ganho considerável para estudos da epidemiologia geográfica, na elaboração de um planejamento de controle da enfermidade.(AU)


In order to assess the frequency of dairy goats seropositive for Neospora caninum in the state of São Paulo, and its relationship with age, sex, presence of dogs and reproductive problems in goat pens, serum samples were obtained from 923 goats of both sexes older than 3 months of age. Samples were collected in 17 properties located in different municipalities. Neospora agglutination test (NATe"25) was used to determine the presence of Neospora caninum in all animals. Epidemiological and reproductive data were obtained through a questionnaire which was administered in all goat pens. Significance level was set at 5% for all statistical tests. N. caninum positivity rate was 19.77%. Only one of the properties had no seropositive animal revealing N. caninum diffusion in the state. Seropositivity frequency did not correlate with sex, age, or reproductive problems. However, the presence of dogs was associated with a higher frequency of N. caninum seropositivity. A choroplethic map with hatch patterns showing the geographical distribution of goats seropositive for Neospora caninum may considerably contribute to geographic epidemiological studies and the development of disease control strategies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Goats/virology , Coccidiosis/epidemiology , Neospora/isolation & purification , Abortion, Veterinary/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Agglutination Tests/veterinary
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 28(12): 606-610, Dec. 2008. mapas, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-509318

ABSTRACT

Objetivando avaliar a ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii, em caprinos leiteiros do estado de São Paulo, e verificar possíveis associações com idade, sexo, presença de gatos, problemas reprodutivos e potenciais riscos à saúde pública, foram considerados soros de 923 caprinos, de ambos os sexos e idade acima de três meses, provenientes de 17 propriedades de diferentes municípios. Para o diagnóstico, utilizou-se a reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFIe"16) e, também, um inquérito sobre saúde, a fim de se coletarem informações epidemiológicas e de esfera reprodutiva de todos os capris. Os resultados foram discutidos no nível de 5% de significância. Do total das 17 propriedades, foram diagnosticados 15 focos de T. gondii, com positividade entre 2,70% e 81,25%. Não foram verificadas associações entre freqüência de soropositividade e sexo dos animais nem ocorrência de falhas reprodutivas, nos capris. Constatou-se influência positiva na taxa de anticorpos anti-T. gondii pelo aumento da idade dos caprinos e presença de gatos, nos capris. Além de a enfermidade encontrar-se amplamente difundida no estado de São Paulo, o risco eminente de transmissão de T. gondii à saúde pública também deve ser considerado, uma vez que se encontraram focos onde se comercializavam produtos "in natura", como leite e carne.(AU)


The study evaluated the anti-Toxplasma gondii antibodies occurrence in dairy goats in São Paulo State, and also verified likely associations with age, sex, presence of cats, occurrence of reproductive problems, and potential risks to public health. Serum was obtained from 923 animals of both sex, over three months of age from 17 properties in different cities. For the diagnosis, the indirect immunofluorescence reaction (RIFIe"16) and a questionnaire about health to collect epidemiological information and the reproductive cycle of every goat were used. Among all properties, 15 foci of T. gondii were diagnosed with seropositivity ranging from 2.70% to 81.25%. Neither association between the frequency of seropositivity and the sex of animals nor occurrence of reproduction failure of goats was identified. There was positive influence of anti-T. gondii antibody rate due to the older age of the animals and the presence of cats in pens. The risk of transmitting T. gondii to the public health must be considered, once in some properties where the positive serology was verified natural, products such as milk and/or meat are commercialized. Results were discussed at 5% level of significance.(AU)


Subject(s)
Reproduction , Toxoplasma/immunology , Goats/virology , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/epidemiology , Brazil , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect/veterinary
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