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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1841-1847., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886341

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of CalliSpheres microsphere-transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (CSM-TACE) versus conventional transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (cTACE) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through a meta-analysis. MethodsPubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP were searched for all Chinese and English articles on the application of CSM-TACE and cTACE in HCC published up to the end of October, 2020. After quality assessment was performed for the articles included, RevMan 5.3 software provided by Cochrane Library was used for analysis. ResultsA total of 15 studies were included, with 1535 patients in total. This meta-analysis showed that compared with the patients receiving cTACE, the patients receiving CSM-TACE had significantly higher 1-year overall survival rate (odds ratio [OR]=2.26, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.63-3.13, P<0.000 01), 2-year overall survival rate (OR=1.73, 95%CI: 1.20-2.50, P=0.003), and 2-year progression-free survival rate (OR=1.60, 95%CI: 1.05-2.43, P=0.03). In terms of safety, compared with the patients receiving cTACE, the patients receiving CSM-TACE had significantly lower incidence rates of postoperative vomiting (OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.46-0.92, P=0.01), bone marrow suppression (OR=0.17, 95%CI: 0.05-0.54, P=0.003), and neutropenia (OR=0.18, 95%CI: 0.07-045, P=0.000 3), while there were no significant differences between the two groups of patients in postoperative pyrexia, abdominal pain, and ascites (all P>0.05). ConclusionCSM-TACE has significant advantages in improving 1- and 2-year overall survival rates and 2-year progression-free survival rates and can significantly reduce the incidence rates of postoperative vomiting, bone marrow suppression, and neutropenia. Therefore, CSM-TACE is a safe and effective treatment method.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 358-362, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820974

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the short- and long-term effects of radiofrequency ablation (RA) versus minimally invasive hepatectomy (MIH) in the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma (SHCC). MethodsPubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP were searched for Chinese and English articles on RA versus MIH in the treatment of sHCC published up to August 2019. Quality assessment was performed for the articles included, and RevMan 5.1 was used for analysis. ResultsA total of 7 studies with 737 patients were included after screening, and there were 393 patients in RA group and 344 patients in MIH group. Compared with the MIH group, the RA group had significantly shorter time of operation (mean difference [MD]=-206.57, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -387.28 to -25.86, P=0.03) and length of hospital stay (MD=-4.02, 95%CI: -4.94 to -3.10, P<001), as well as a significantly lower overall incidence rate of postoperative complications (odds ratio [OR]=0.31, 95%CI: 0.20-047, P<0.01). Compared with the RA group, the MIH group had significantly higher 3-year overall survival rate (OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.36-0.84, P<0.01), 1-year disease-free survival rate (OR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.41-0.98, P=0.04), and 3-year disease-free survival rate (OR=0.51, 95%CI: 0.34-0.74, P<0.01), as well as a significantly lower local recurrence rate after surgery (OR=187, 95%CI: 1.31-2.68, P<0.01). ConclusionIn the treatment of sHCC, RA has good short-term effect, good safety, and poor long-term effect, while MIH has good long-term effect and poor short-term effect.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular mechanism by which miR-218 targeting Bmi-1 inhibits the proliferation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells.@*METHODS@#APL cell line HL-60 was transfected by miR-218 and RNA-negative control sequences, respectively. The expression of miR-218 in cells was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The effect of transfected miR-218 on the proliferation of APL cells was detected by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The regulation effect of miR-218 on Bmi-1 expression was determined by Western blot. The correlation of miR-218 expressions with Bmi-1 was analyzed by Spearman test. The targeted relationship between miR-218 and Bmi-1 was verified by luciferase assay.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that the proliferation of HL-60 cells in vitro was inhibited by high expression miR-218 significantly. Flow cytometry showed that the G1 and G2 phase cells increased while the S phase cells decreased after transfected by miR-218. Western blot showed that the level of Bmi-1 protein in HL-60 cells decreased significantly after transfection of miR-218 (P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the mRNA level of miR-218 negatively correlated with the protein content of Bmi-1 (r=-0.326, P<0.01). Luciferase assay indicated that Bmi-1 could targeted on miR-218 directly.@*CONCLUSION@#miR-218 can inhibit the proliferation, metastasis and invasion of APL cells, which can be related with the down-regulated of Bmi-1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 , Genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761785

ABSTRACT

Curcumin, an active ingredient of Curcuma longa L., can reduce the concentration of low-density lipoproteins in plasma, in different ways. We had first reported that curcumin exhibits hypocholesterolemic properties by improving the apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA editing in primary rat hepatocytes. However, the role of curcumin in the regulation of apoB mRNA editing is not clear. Thus, we investigated the effect of curcumin on the expression of multiple editing components of apoB mRNA cytidine deamination to uridine (C-to-U) editosome. Our results demonstrated that treatment with 50 µM curcumin markedly increased the amount of edited apoB mRNA in primary mouse hepatocytes from 5.13%–8.05% to 27.63%–35.61%, and significantly elevated the levels of the core components apoB editing catalytic polypeptide-1 (APOBEC-1), apobec-1 complementation factor (ACF), and RNA-binding-motif-protein-47 (RBM47), as well as suppressed the level of the inhibitory component glycine-arginine-tyrosine-rich RNA binding protein. Moreover, the increased apoB RNA editing by 50 µM curcumin was significantly reduced by siRNA-mediated APOBEC-1, ACF, and RBM47 knockdown. These findings suggest that curcumin modulates apoB mRNA editing by coordinating the multiple editing components of the editosome in primary hepatocytes. Our data provided evidence for curcumin to be used therapeutically to prevent atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins B , Apolipoproteins , Atherosclerosis , Complement System Proteins , Curcuma , Curcumin , Cytidine , Deamination , Hepatocytes , Lipoproteins, LDL , Mice , Plasma , Rats , RNA Editing , RNA, Messenger , RNA-Binding Proteins , Uridine
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773194

ABSTRACT

To characterize the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). A Thermo Syncronls C18 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 7 μm) was used with methanol( A)-0. 1% formic acid solution( B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The injection volume was 2 μL; the column temperature was 40 ℃; the flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1; and electrospray ionization( ESI) source was used to collect data in positive and negative ion modes. The ion scanning range was m/z 50-1 200,with capillary voltage of 3 000 V,ion source temperature of100 ℃,atomization gas flow rate of 50 L·h-1,desolvent gas flow rate of 800 L·h-1,desolvent temperature of 400 ℃,cone hole voltage of 40 V,with argon as the collision gas and the collision energy was 20-35 V. The excimer ion peak information was analyzed by Waters UNIFI data processing software. The molecular formula with error within 1×10-5 was compared with the data in database to identify the compounds. The secondary fragment ion information of the target compound was selected,and then compared with the retention time and fragmentation patterns provided by the database and the existing literature to further confirm the compositions and structures of the compounds. A total of 68 main compounds in Huanbei Zhike Prescription were identified,including 38 flavonoids,10 organic acids,6 terpenoids and 10 nitrogen-containing compounds,of which 12 compounds were verified by the control substances. This method is rapid and accurate,which provides a new strategy for the qualitative analysis of the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription,and lays a foundation for the further study and quality control of the compound pharmacodynamic substance.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Terpenes
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802277

ABSTRACT

Objective:The effect of processing on promoting digestion of Crataegi Fructus was investigated by the method of serum metabonomics based on 1H-NMR and the analysis of traditional biochemical indexes. Method:The dyspepsia model was induced by high protein and calorie diet. The small intestine propulsive rate in mice and the hormone level in rat gastrointestinal tract were used as pharmacodynamic indexes. After administration of Crataegi Fructus, fried and charred Crataegi Fructus, the changes of serum metabolites were analyzed by 1H-NMR technique combined with multivariate statistical analysis, so as to compare the therapeutic effects of each processed products on rats with dyspepsia model. Result:Each processed products group of Crataegi Fructus could improve the ability of intestinal propulsion and gastric emptying, especially in charred Crataegi Fructus group, caused by dyspepsia. The serum metabonomics proved that there were significant metabolic differences between the model group and the blank group. A total of 13 biomarkers related to dyspepsia, covering 3-hydroxybutyric acid, glycerophosphoryl choline (GPC), N-acetylglycoprotein, O-acetylglycoprotein, trimethylamine oxide (TMAO), alanine, acetic acid, glutamic acid, glutamine, creatine, leucine, lactic acid and glucose, were screened on the grounds of VIP value of S-plot, single factor ANOVA and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) (AUC). The metabolite composition of each administration group was the same except that the callback tendency of O-acetylglycoprotein, glutamine and GPC in charred Crataegi Fructus group was closer to that in the blank group. Conclusion:There are differences in the effect of promoting digestion to eliminate stagnation among processed products of Crataegi Fructus, charred Crataegi Fructus is more effective in improving dyspepsia, which may play a role in regulating gastrointestinal motility and energy metabolism.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801284

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical application of indocyanine green fluorescence imaging in open hepatectomy.@*Methods@#A total of forty-five patients who underwent liver resection in Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from July 2017 to December 2018 were included in this prospective study. There were 26 males and 19 females, aged between 29 to 74 (51±10) years. Indocyanine green was injected intravenously 72~96 hours prior to surgery in all these patients. An intraoperative fluorescence imaging system was used to locate and remove the tumor, the liver parenchymal transection planes and surgical margins were detected by fluorescence again after tumor resection. The fluorescence profiles of the tumor specimens in relation to the tumor differentiation were analyzed.@*Results@#Indocyanine green fluorescence imaging was performed in 45 patients. A total of 66 lesions were detected by preoperative CT (or MRI), abdominal ultrasound and intraoperative fluorescence imaging. After excision of the primary liver cancer, the surgical margins of the remnant liver stumps and fluorescence in the excised liver specimens were studied. Thirteen small lesions were found in 10 patients, most of which were located at the surgical margin, and the smallest tumors detected were less than 5 mm in diameter. Five venous cancer emboli were found in 5 patients, 3 of which were not detected by preoperative imaging examinations. The fluorescence profile images of the excised hepatocellular carcinoma specimens showed homogeneous fluorescence in most highly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma, and partial fluorescence or ring fluorescence in moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma.@*Conclusion@#Indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology can identify liver surface lesions, as well as detect small residual lesions at the cutting edge and venous thrombus, which improves the efficiency of hepatocellular carcinoma resection.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695682

ABSTRACT

Objective·To explore the safety of elective therapeutic cardiac catheterization in congenital heart disease (CHD) children with recent upper respiratory tract infection (URI) (within two weeks),so as to provide guidance for clinical anesthesia management.Methods·A total of 140 CHD children of American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) Ⅱ~Ⅲ undergoing tracheal intubation general anesthesia for elective therapeutic cardiac catheterization,aged 3 months to 15 years,were divided into URI group and non-URI group according to history of recent URI.The incidence of perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAEs) [i.e.laryngospasm,bronchospasm,breath holding ≥ 15 s,pulse blood oxygen saturation (SpO2)<95%(≥ 10 s),cough,and glossoptosis] and postoperative dysphoria,fever,copious sputum,and vomiting within 24 h after operation were observed and compared.Results·Compared with non-URI group,recent URI increased significantly the overall incidence of PRAEs (any complications of PRAEs) (P=0.001),particularly the incidence of SPO2<95% (P=0.014) and cough (P=0.000).Compared with children aged from 4-15 in URIgroup,the overall incidence of PRAEs (P=0.003),SPO2<95% (P=0.018),and cough (P=0.027) of children younger than 3 years increased significantly.Besides,compared with non-URI group,recent URI increased significantly the incidence of postoperative copious sputum (P=0.002).Conclusion·Recent URI increases significantly the incidence of perioperative complications in CHD children undergoing elective therapeutic cardiac catheterization.These complications are short and easily managed,and no serious adverse events occurred in CHD children.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511324

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy difference of Green Forsythiae Fructus and Ripe Forsythiae Fructusby using Lianqiao powder and Yinqiao powder in the classic formula; To provide experimental evidence for the guidance of one for dual-use of the Forsythiae Fructus. Methods The guinea pig sore model was made with Staphylococcus aureus. 40 guinea pigs were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Lianqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group and Lianqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus group. The blank group and the model group were fed with normal saline, while Lianqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group and Lianqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus group were treated with 1.2 g raw medicine/kg liquid Lianqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus and Lianqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus for 7 d. The symptom score, blood and pathological changes of guinea pig soreness were observed. The model of acute lung injury was induced by 10% LPS aerosol inhalation. 40 rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Yinqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group and Yinqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus group. The blank group and the model group were fed with normal saline, while Yinqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group and Yinqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus group were treated with 4 g raw medicine/kg liquid Yinqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus and Yinqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus for 10 d. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in the lung lavage fluid were detected. Results The effect of Lianqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus on the wound healing of guinea pig sore wound was faster than that of Lianqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus, but there was no significant difference between Lianqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group and Lianqiao powder Ripe Forsythiae Fructus group in inhibiting the secretion and pathological changes of guinea pig sore wound. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in Yinqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group was lower than that in Yinqiao powder Green Forsythiae Fructus group, without statistical significance. Conclusion It is verified that there is efficacy differences between Green Forsythiae Fructus and Ripe Forsythiae Fructus in the different Chinese herbal compound.

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1350-1354, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615162

ABSTRACT

Objective:Prepared the specific chicken egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) against the cell wall protein of Trichophyton mentagrophytes (tmCWP) and detected its biological activities,which was to establish the basis for the preventment and treatment in dermatophytes disease.Methods: In this work,tmCWP was extracted and purified by cold alkali method,and being used as immunogen to immunized healthy laying hens.The IgY was extracted from the egg yolk by polyethylene glycol method and purified by saturated ammonium sulfate method,respectively.The concentration of the extracted IgY was detected by Bradford method.The purity and molecular weight of the specific anti-tmCWP IgY were analysed by SDS-PAGE.The titer of IgY was obtained by ELISA.The immunoreactivity of IgY was performed by Western blot.Results: The purity of the extracted IgY reached to 87.27%.ELISA indicated that the titer of the specific anti-tmCWP IgY gradual rised 20 days after primary immunization and reached to the highest value (1∶32 000) after 45 days.Western blot revealed that the specific IgY showed a good immunoreactivity and a specifically combination capacity.Conclusion: In our work,the tmCWP could be regarded as the immunogen to prepare the specific anti-tmCWP IgY,which could provide a novel thought for the therapy of Trichophyton mentagrophytes infection.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307139

ABSTRACT

To screen the anti-inflammatory active fraction of unripe Forsythiae Fructus, and elucidate the action mechanism, water decoction, ethyl acetate portion, n-butanol portion and residue water extracts of unripe Forsythiae Fructus were administered into rats for continuously 15 days. The acute lung injury inflammatory model was established to observe the section structure of lung tissues. Levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were determined by ELISA kits, and changes in endogenous metabolites in serum were analyzed based on 1H-NMR metabolomics. The results showed that ethyl acetate portion of unripe Forsythiae Fructus had a better anti-inflammatory activity against acute lung injury, and could suppress the release of inflammatory factors of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, significantly reduce contents of creatine, β-OH-butyrate, succinate, lysine, valine, isoleucine and glutamine, and elevate the content of GPC in serum. Ethyl acetate portion was proved to be the main fraction of anti-inflammatory activity from the perspective of endogenous metabolites in serum, and played an anti-inflammatory role by regulating creatine metabolism, choline metabolism, branched-chain amino acid metabolism and TCA cycles. This study could lay a foundation for studying pharmacodynamic material basis of unripe Forsythiae Fructus.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475154

ABSTRACT

Plasma cell gingivitis is a rare form of gingival hyperplasia,mostly located in mucous membrane and characterized by swollen gums.Pathological examination showed dense plate shaped gathering of plasma cells in the connective tissue.Diagnosis relies on pathological examination.The cause of the disease is unknown,may be associated with allergic reactions.Expectant treatment is often use for the disease. Relapse of the lesion is commot,but canceration is rare.One case of plasma cell gingivitis followed for 2 years is presented,and the clinical manifestation and treatment are discussed in this paper.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485466

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF)on the gingival wound healing, and to lay a foundation for its application in the field of oral cavity.Methods 16 healthy rabbits were randomly divided into experiment and control groups(n=8).2 mm upper and lower incisors’labial gingivae were removed by scalpel. After operation, rhGM-CSF gel was applied to the surface of the wound gum in experiment group,while saline instead of drugs to the control group.2 rabbits were executed at 3,7,11,and 15 d after operation.HE staining was performed to observe the epithelium and epithelial connective tissue structure, distribution, and the changes of various cells of the rats;the number of positive epithelial cells and fibroblasts were observed by PCNA dyeing.Results On the 3rd day,the inflammatory cell infiltration was found in two groups, but a greater number of the cells were observed in experiment group;neovascularization was seen in both groups on the 7th day,and the fibroblasts and collagen fibers were observed too,but the extent of neovascularization in experiment group was more significant. On the 11th day, the fibroblasts proliferation was seen in two groups,but the extent in experiment group was more widely;on the 15th day,the trauma of gingivae of the rabbits in two groups returned to normal,there was no significant difference between two groups.Over time,the number of epithelial cells in proliferation was gradually increased,reached the peak on the 15th day.The number of fibroblasts began to increase from the 3rd day and reached the peak on the 11th day,and significantly reduced to the lowest value on the 15th day.The number of proliferative epithelial cells in experiment group was significantly higher (P0.05).Conclusion RhGM-CSF can promote the infiltration of inflammatory cells, angiogenesis,proliferation of epithelial cells and fibroblasts in gingivae. RhGM-CSF is beneficial with wound healing on gum tissue.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1595-601, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445438

ABSTRACT

To compare the differences between Hengshanhuangqi (HH) and Chuanhuangqi (CH) at molecular level, 1H NMR based plant metabolomics approach was used to reveal the chemical difference between HH and CH. Then, the contents of astragaloside IV and calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, the marker compounds specified in China Pharmacopoeia, were determined. In addition, the ITS2 fragments of HH and CH were sequenced. Twenty-three metabolites were identified in the 1H NMR spectrum, and the principal component analysis showed CH and HH could be separated clearly. HH contained more aspartic acid, GABA, citric acid, astragaloside IV and calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, while CH contained more threonine, alanine, acetic acid, choline, arginine, fructose and sucrose. And the astragaloside IV is almost undetectable in CH. In addition, the ITS2 fragment sequences of HH and CH were different at eight bases. Thus, the HH and CH showed significant differences chemically and genetically.

15.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 893-897, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439352

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients.Methods Ninetyfour stable CAPD patients from a single center were enrolled in this cross-sectional study.Ultrasound evaluation was conducted on brachial artery to estimate endothelial-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD).Automatice pulse wave velocity (PWV) measuring system was applied to examine the carotidfemoral PWV.Blood pressure and biochemical parameters were detected.Pearson's correlation and Stepwise multiple regression analysis were performed to explore the relationship between FMD and PWV.Results PWV was significantly higher in patients with diabetes as compared to those without diabetes[(13.25± 1.66) m/s vs (11.24±1.92) m/s,P < 0.01].Furthermore,PWV was positively correlated with age(r=0.319,P=0.002),SBP (r=0.289,P=0.005) and C-reactive protein (r=0.211,P=0.041),was negatively correlated with albumin (r =-0.429,P =0.001) and FMD (r=-0.466,P=0.001).In multivariate regression analysis,diabetes mellitus,albumin,FMD,age and SBP were independently associated with PWV after adjustment.Conclusion Endothelial dysfunction is associated with greater arterial stiffness in CAPD patients.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1595-1601, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298038

ABSTRACT

To compare the differences between Hengshanhuangqi (HH) and Chuanhuangqi (CH) at molecular level, 1H NMR based plant metabolomics approach was used to reveal the chemical difference between HH and CH. Then, the contents of astragaloside IV and calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, the marker compounds specified in China Pharmacopoeia, were determined. In addition, the ITS2 fragments of HH and CH were sequenced. Twenty-three metabolites were identified in the 1H NMR spectrum, and the principal component analysis showed CH and HH could be separated clearly. HH contained more aspartic acid, GABA, citric acid, astragaloside IV and calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, while CH contained more threonine, alanine, acetic acid, choline, arginine, fructose and sucrose. And the astragaloside IV is almost undetectable in CH. In addition, the ITS2 fragment sequences of HH and CH were different at eight bases. Thus, the HH and CH showed significant differences chemically and genetically.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Base Sequence , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Glucosides , Isoflavones , Metabolomics , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Genetics , Principal Component Analysis , Saponins , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Species Specificity , Triterpenes
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 886-890, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322903

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the genetic differences of Orientia tsutsugamushi (Ot) Sta56 gene between Shandong isolates and other strains deposited in GenBank.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were used to amplify the complete sequence of Ot-Sta56 gene. RFLP profiles of Ot were predicted by a computer program according to their complete sequences of Ot-Sta56 gene. PCR amplicon from XDM2 strain was sequenced and analyzed by Clustal X (1.8) and PHYLIP software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The complete sequences (about 1.6 kbp) of Ot-Sta56 gene were amplified from B16 strain (isolated from patients), FXS2 strain (isolated from A. agrarius) and XDM2 strain. Four species of restriction endonucleases (Hha I, Hinf I, Hae III, Pst I) were used to digest the PCR amplicons from the 3 isolates. When comparing with the RFLP profiles of prototype Ot, the RFLP profiles of PCR amplicons from the 3 isolates were similar to those of Japan Kawasaki strain, but were quite different from the international reference strains Gilliam, Karp, Kato. Results from DNA sequence analysis showed that the complete sequence of Ot-Sta56 gene homology to Japan Kawasaki strain of XDM2 strain was 97%, and deduced amino acid sequence was 92%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Data from the complete sequence of Sta56 gene indicated that the genotypes of Ot isolates in Shandong province were similar, but with distinction from the Kawasaki strain.</p>


Subject(s)
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis , Antigens, Bacterial , Genetics , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Classification , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Genes, Bacterial , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Orientia tsutsugamushi , Genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 157-159, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232330

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in rodents from forest areas in northeastern China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PCR amplification, followed by sequence analysis was carried out. The sequences of 16S rRNA and gltA gene fragment amplified from rodent specimens were compared with corresponding part of the sequences deposited in GenBank.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total number of 276 rodents were tested, including 102 in Jilin province, 61 in Helongjiang province and 113 in Inner Mongolia autonomous region. The positive rates were 8.82%, 1.64% and 0.00%, respectively. The infection rate in rodents infected by ticks was 11.30 times higher than that in rodents without ticks (P = 0.002). The S. A. phagocytophilum 16S rRNA sequences from rodents in Jilin and Heilongjiang were identical and differed in 3-5 bases compared with the corresponding parts of A. phagocytophilum from America, Sweden and Japan. Compared with the sequences registered in GenBank, the nucleotide sequence of gltA varied from 87%-97% and its deduced amino acid sequence changed from 84%-99%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A. phagocytophilum infection was presented in rodents from Jilin and Heilongjiang province.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Anaplasma phagocytophilum , Genetics , Animals , Bacterial Proteins , Base Sequence , China , Ehrlichiosis , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Rodentia , Microbiology , Ticks , Trees
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 343-345, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232307

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the variation of specific antibody among convalescent of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) patients through a three-year program.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sera samples were collected from SARS cases in the 5th, 20th and 35th month after onset of the illness. The SARS-CoV specific antibody was detected for all of them by ELISA and neutralized test simultaneously. The titer of neutralizing antibodies was calculated using Reed-Muench method, and the comparison between different time groups was analyzed regarding the variance of data on repeated measures after logarithm conversion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>13, 17 and 13 sera samples were collected in the 5th, 20th and 35th month after onset. Results showed that despite the fact that the positive rates of ELISA antibody were 100%, 82.4% and 84.6% respectively,the neutralizing antibody was still positive for all the samples. The average neutralizing antibody titers were 1:43 (1:16-1:203), 1:36 (1:17-1:59) and 1:21 (1:10-1:39) on the 5th, 20th and 35th month after onset, and the differences were statistically significant (F = 60.419, P < 0.001). On the 35th month after the onset, 30.8% (4/13) of the patients were still having the neutralizing antibody level of above 1:36, but the neutralizing antibody level in another 30.8% (4/13) of the patients had decreased to as low as 1:10, when the cut-off level was set as 1:8.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Results of the study indicated that the neutralizing antibody of SARS cases could last for at least three years, but the sera specific antibody in SARS cases decreased gradually when time went by. However, neutralizing antibody in some of the cases decreased to a lower level on the 35th month. Further follow-up study was worthwhile to observe the long-lasting profile of antibody existence on SARS cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Neutralizing , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 482-486, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To confirm the existence of Amur-like viruses in Apodemus peninsulae in China, and to understand the molecular characteristics of these viruses.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total RNA was extracted from lungs of A. peninsulae captured in Jilin of Northeast China with Trizol reagent. Complete S and partial M segments of Amur virus were amplified and sequenced. Phylogenetic analyses on multiple nucleotide sequences were performed with the Clustal method and DNASTAR software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>383 bp cDNA of M segment and 1696 bp of S segment of Amur like virus were recovered from lung tissue of A. peninsulae, named JilinAP06. The full-length of its S gene comprised of 1696 nucleotides with ORF including 1287 nucleotides and encoding a protein which comprised 429 amino acids. The phylogenetic analysis of this sample with other hantaviruses revealed that the complete S and partial M segment sequence of JilinAP06 both were closely related to those Amur viruses such as AP63, AP61, AP1371 and AP1168 found in A. peninsulae from Far East region of Russia and B78 strain, Liu strain and H5 strain, which were all from Chinese patients. The complete S and partial M segment sequence of JilinAP06 had only 81.0% identities with the nucleotide sequences of HV prototype 76-118 strain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Amur-like viruses did exist in A. peninsulae from Northeasern China while A. peninsulae might be the natural reservoir of Amur-like viruses in China and was the important infectious source to HFRS patients which were caused by Amur-like viruses.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Hantavirus , Classification , Genetics , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome , Virology , Humans , Lung , Virology , Murinae , Virology , Open Reading Frames , Genetics , Phylogeny , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
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