Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 127
Filter
1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 850-856, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016536

ABSTRACT

Liver failure often has rapid progression, multiple complications, and dangerous conditions. Acute pancreatitis is a common comorbidity during the progression of liver failure, and since acute pancreatitis has extremely similar clinical symptoms and signs to liver failure complicated by spontaneous peritonitis, it is often neglected in clinical practice. This article elaborates on the mechanisms of liver failure complicated by acute pancreatitis from the five aspects of inflammatory response, duodenal papillary dysfunction, gut microbiota dysbiosis, oxidative stress, and microcirculatory disturbance and proposes corresponding preventive measures based on these mechanisms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 153-162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the change of differential genes and signaling pathways in high glucose induced BV2 cells, and to explore the mechanism of transgelin-2 (TAGLN2) regulating cellular inflammatory response and metabolic process.Methods:An experimental study. The cultured BV2 cells were divided into mannitol treatment (Man) group, glucose treatment (Glu) group, overexpression control Glu treatment (Con) group, overexpression TAGLN2 Glu treatment group, silence control Glu treatment (shCon Glu) group, and silence TAGLN2 Glu treatment (shTAGLN2 Glu) group. Cells in the Man group were cultured in modified Eagle high glucose medium (DMEM) containing 25 mmol/L mannitol and 25 mmol/L glucose, cells in other groups (Glu group, Con Glu group, TAGLN2 Glu group, shCon Glu group and shTAGLN2 Glu group) were cultured in DMEM medium containing 50 mmol/L glucose. After 24 hours of cells culture, transcriptome sequencing of cells in each group were performed using high-throughput sequencing technology, and significantly differentially expressed genes (DEG) were screened. |log 2 (fold change)|≥1 and P≤0.05 were adopted as criteria to screen for DEG. Gene Ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis were performed. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the relative expression level of DEG mRNA. The data between groups were compared by independent sample t-test. Results:When compared with Man group, a total of 517 differentially expressed genes were screened in Glu group, which including 277 up-regulated genes and 240 down-regulated genes. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the up-regulated genes were significantly enriched in immune system processes such as nuclear factor (NF)-κB signal pathway, Jak-signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signal pathway, while down-regulated genes were significantly enriched in glycosaminoglycan degradation and glyceride metabolic pathway. Compared with Con Glu group, a total of 480 DEG were screened in TAGLN2 Glu group, among which 147 up-regulated and 333 down-regulated genes were detected. Up-regulated genes were significantly enriched in the metabolic processes of fatty acid, glyceride and pyruvate, while down-regulated genes were significantly enriched in immune system processes such as NF-κB signal pathway, Jak-STAT signal pathway and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signal pathway. Compared with shCon Glu group, a total of 582 DEG were screened in shTAGLN2 Glu group, among which 423 up-regulated and 159 down-regulated genes were detected. Up-regulated DEG were significantly enriched in immune system processes such as TNF signal pathway and chemokine signal pathway, while down-regulated DEG were significantly enriched in pattern recognition receptor signal pathway. RT-PCR results showed that the relative expression levels of DEG mRNA Card11 ( t=13.530), Icos ( t=3.482), Chst3 ( t=6.949), Kynu ( t=5.399), interleukin (IL)-1β ( t=2.960), TNF-α ( t=5.800), IL-6 ( t=3.130), interferon-γ ( t=7.690) and IL-17 ( t=6.530) in the TAGLN2 Glu treatment group were decreased significantly compared with Con Glu group, and the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion:TAGLN2 can inhibit glucose induced microglia inflammation by NF-κB and Jak-STAT signaling pathways, Card11, Icos, Chst3 and Kynu play an important role in the anti-inflammatory process of TAGLN2.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 707-716, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare the resiquimod-loaded lipid microbubbles R848-MBs, evaluate their enhanced ultrasound imaging and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation effects, and explore their ability to improve tumor immune microenvironment synergize with HIFU.Methods:R848-MBs were prepared by the thin film hydration-mechanical shock method; The basic characteristics and safety of R848-MBs were detected, the HIFU controlled-release characteristics were verified in vitro and the drug metabolism and biological distribution were investigated in vivo. The ability of enhancing ultrasound imaging was observed in vitro and in vivo. To investigate the enhanced HIFU ablation effect of R848-MBs, six EMT6 tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into HIFU group and R848-MBs+ HIFU group, three mice in each group, the changes in contrast average sound intensity before and after ablation in mouse tumor areas and the change of ultrasound image gray value in tumor area were evaluated, the tumor were resected to observe the coagulative necresis by TTC staining and HE staining. Forty-five tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into control group, Free R848 group, HIFU group, Blank-MBs+ HIFU group and R848-MBs+ HIFU group, nine mice in each group. On the third day after treatment, 3 mice in each group were randomly selected and killed, to evaluate the ability of R848-MBs to improve tumor immune microenvironment synergize with HIFU. The expression level of CRT on the surface of tumor cells were detected by immunofluorescence staining, the proportion of mature DC in lymph nodes, spleen, and CD8 + T cells in spleen were detected by flow cytometry. The treatment effectiveness of each group( n=6) were evaluated by measuring tumor volume, observing and drawing survival curves. Results:The R848-MBs lipid microbubbles with good safety were successfully prepared, with a concentration of 2.58×10 9/ml, as spherical bubbles under optical microscope and laser confocal microscopy, in a particle size of (1.72±0.11)μm, at a surface potential of (-10.16±0.73)mV. The cumulative drug release was up to 83.44% after HIFU (90 W, 3 s) in vitro. The concentration of R848 in plasma decreased rapidly, and the drug concentration in tumor tissue of the R848-MBs+ HIFU group was higher than that of the R848 group 24 hours after treatment ( P<0.01). The ultrasound imaging of R848-MBs was significantly enhanced in contrast mode in vitro and in vivo; R848-MBs can significantly enhance the HIFU ablation effect, the contrast average sound intensity change in the tumor area before and after ablation in the R848MBs+ HIFU group was greater than that in the R848 group ( P<0.05), and the immediate ultrasound grayscale value change in the HIFU+ R848-MBs group was 46.34±3.21, which was significantly greater than that in the HIFU group (10.67±1.53), with statistical significance ( P<0.000 1). Coagulation necrosis was observed in tumor HE staining and TTC staining. The results of treatment efficacy in vivo showed that R848-MBs+ HIFU group had the strongest therapeutic effect, and R848-MBs combined with HIFU treatment could significantly prolong the survival period of mice compared with intravenous injection of free R848 ( P<0.01). Immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry results showed an increase in the expression level of CRT on the surface of tumor tissue in the R848-MBs combined with HIFU group, and the percentage of mature DC in tumor draining lymph nodes (58.53±1.04)% were significantly higher than those in the HIFU group (37.56±2.13)% ( P<0.001), and the percentage of mature DC in the spleen (70.65±1.91)% were significantly higher than those in the HIFU group (36.46±3.89)% ( P<0.001), the percentage of CD8 + T cells in the spleen (27.46±3.04)% was significantly higher than that in the HIFU group (18.69±0.29)% ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The HIFU controlled-release lipid microbubbles R848-MBs can not only enhance the efficiency of HIFU ablation, but also improve the tumor immune microenvironment.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 354-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of microbubbles combined with gentamicin on the clearance of bacterial biofilms and the healing of diabetic foot ulcers under low-frequency ultrasound.Methods:From July 2021 to June 2022, 27 patients with chronic diabetic foot ulcers complicated with infection were prospectively selected from the Trauma Center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. The patients were divided into low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles + gentamicin ointment group, low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group, and gentamicin ointment group by using a random number table, with 9 patients in each group. The three groups were all treated with simple debridement by the same surgeon.Afterward, in the low-frequency ultrasound+ microbubbles+ gentamicin ointment group, the wounds covered by 4% microbubble suspension were firstly irradiated with low-intensity focused ultrasound for 5 min, and then evenly applied with gentamicin ointment. In the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group, the wounds covered by 4% microbubble suspension were irradiated with low-intensity focused ultrasound for 5 min. The gentamicin ointment group was treated with gentamicin ointment evenly. The treatment lasted for 2 weeks, and secretions and tissue specimens were collected during and 2 weeks after the treatment, respectively. The general indexes of wound surface (including ulcer depth score, secretion exudation score, fresh granulation tissue growth score, and total index score), ulcer area, ulcer healing rate, as well as negative rate of secretion culture were compared among the three groups after treatment. Additionally, the structural changes in bacterial biofilms under a scanning electron microscope and colony count under a laser confocal scanning microscope were compared among the three groups after treatment.Results:No significant differences were found in the general datas among the three groups (all P>0.05). After treatment for 2 weeks, the overall general indexes showed statistically and significant differences among the three groups (all P<0.05). Each index score in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles + gentamicin ointment group was lower than that in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group and the gentamicin ointment group (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in overall ulcer area among the three groups ( P>0.05). The overall ulcer healing rate presented significant differences among the three groups ( P<0.05). The healing rate in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles + gentamicin ointment group was higher than that in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group and the gentamicin ointment group (all P<0.05). The overall negative rates of secretion culture among the three groups were significantly different ( P<0.05), the negative rate in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles + gentamicin ointment group was higher than that in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group and the gentamicin ointment group (all P<0.05). Scanning electron microscopy confirmed bacterial biofilm infection in the three groups before treatment. After treatment for 2 weeks, the biofilm formation in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles + gentamicin ointment group reduced significantly, while the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group and the gentamicin ointment group had little change compared with that before treatment. Significant differences were detected in total colony count among the three groups under the confocal microscope ( P<0.05). The colony count in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles + gentamicin ointment group was lower than that in the low-frequency ultrasound + microbubbles group and the gentamicin ointment group (both P<0.05). Conclusions:Ultrasound microbubbles combined with gentamicin can clear bacterial biofilms and promote the healing of diabetic foot ulcers.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 57-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992465

ABSTRACT

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) defines a kind of Immune-mediated acute inflammatory peripheral neuropathy. Miller-Fisher Syndrome (MFS) is a special variant of GBS, with mostly one-way course and rare clinical recurrence. Only a few recurrent cases have been reported in China. Here we report a case of a young male patient with double vision and progressive aggravation of limb numbness, acute onset, with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection before onset, accompanied by pupil abnormalities and autonomic nervous dysfunction, who was was admitted to our hospital for similar symptoms 3 years ago and was improved by immunotherapy. The patient had a triad of “ataxia, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia”. Cerebrospinal fluid showed protein-cell separation. Serum anti-Sulfatides antibody IgM, anti-GT1a antibody IgG, anti-GQ1b antibody IgG and anti-GM3 IgM were positive. Recurrent MFS was diagnosed and the symptoms improved after immunotherapy. This case suggests that MFS is clinically heterogeneous, a few patients can present with relapse and generally have a better prognosis with immunotherapy. Pre-existing infection and anti-GQ1b antibody production may be predisposing factors for MFS recurrence.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 283-287, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960952

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the visual function of low-vision patients with primary retinal pigmentosa(RP)before and after wearing amber filter.METHODS: Self-control before and after study. A total of 30 patients(60 eyes)with low vision who were diagnosed with primary RP in the ophthalmology clinic of Xi'an No.1 Hospital from August 2021 to March 2022 were collected. The uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCDVA), best-corrected distance visual acuity(BCDVA), uncorrected near visual acuity(UCNVA), best-corrected near visual acuity(BCNVA), visual field and Farnsworth-Munsell(FM)-100 color visions were recorded before and after wearing amber filter. The contrast sensitivity(CS)in three visual environments including bright room, darkroom and darkroom with glare was measured and recorded respectively, and the changes of those parameters were analyzed before and after wearing filter.RESULTS: UCDVA and BCDVA after wearing the filter were better than those before wearing(t=-2.32, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001; t=-6.77, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), while there was no statistically significant difference in UCNVA and BCNVA before and after wearing filter. The visual field index(VFI)after wearing filter was lower than that before wearing(t=8.62, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), and the mean defect(MD)of visual field was greater than that before wearing(t=7.73, P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). FM100 color chess test showed that both total error score(TES)and partial error score(PES)in multiple regions were higher than those before wearing filter(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). After wearing, the CS of each frequency band in the environment of bright room and darkroom with glare was higher than that before wearing(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference in each frequency band before and after wearing amber filter under the environment of darkroom without glare.CONCLUSION: Patients with low vision of primary RP showed improved UCDVA and BCDVA, but unchanged UCNVA and BCNVA after wearing amber filter, while the visual field and color discrimination were worse than those before wearing filter. The CS of the bright room and darkroom with glare environment was improved than before wearing filter, while there were no significant changes in CS under darkroom without glare.

7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 44-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959044

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the spatial epidemiological characteristics of mortality and probability of premature death caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among residents in Pudong New Area of Shanghai from 2010 to 2020, and to provide reference for the formulation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevention and control strategies according to local conditions. Methods The death data of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were obtained from the local death surveillance system of Pudong New Area. Crude mortality, age-standardized mortality, and probability of premature death caused by COPD in each subdistricts and towns of Pudong New Area were calculated. The geographical information system (GIS) was used to plot the spatial distribution maps of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease death. The trend surface analysis and the spatial autocorrelation analysis were performed to analyze the spatial distribution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease death. Results The crude mortality, age-standardized mortality and probability of premature death caused by COPD among residents in Pudong New Area between 2010 and 2020 were 58.40/100,000, 22.35/100,000, and 0.26%, respectively. The results of trend surface analysis showed that the crude mortality, age-standardized mortality and probability of premature death caused by COPD gradually increased from north to south. In the east-west direction, the crude mortality, age-standardized mortality, and probability of premature death showed an upward trend from west to east. The global autocorrelation analysis suggested that there existed a positive spatial autocorrelation for the crude mortality, age-standardized mortality, and probability of premature death. The local spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the high-high clustering areas of COPD crude mortality, standardized mortality and premature mortality were all located in the rural areas of the southeast of Pudong New Area. Conclusion There are urban and rural differences in the mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among residents in Pudong New Area from 2010 to 2020. The residents living in rural southeast coast of Pudong New Area are more seriously affected by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and should be paid more attention.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1589-1593, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980560

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the bacterial flora and antibiotic susceptibility testing of conjunctival sac in adolescents after wearing orthokeratology(OK)lens.METHODS:A total of 101 adolescents aged 8 to 14 who admitted to outpatient department of Xi'an No.1 Hospital from September 2021 to August 2022 were recruited in this cross-sectional observational study. There were 51 cases wearing OK Lens(wearing group)and 50 patients not wearing contact lens(non-lens group), the right eye of all patients was selected into the group. The culture of bacterial flora in conjunctival sac between the two groups were compared, the species were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and the antibiotic susceptibility testing was carried out for the positive strains cultured in the wearing group.RESULTS:The positive rate of conjunctival sac bacterial cultured in the wearing group and the non-lens group was 68.6%(35/51)and 60.0%(30/50), respectively(P&#x003E;0.05). In both groups, the bacteria with the highest detection rate were staphylococcus epidermidis and staphylococcus aureus. The sensitivity rates of the strains detected in the wearing group to drugs are as follows: Levofloxacin(98%), Moxifloxacin(98%), Gatifloxacin(98%), Cefuroxime(98%), Cefathiamidine(98%), Rifampicin(98%), Chloramphenicol(96%), Cefoxitin(95%), Clindamycin(80%), Gentamicin(74%), Fusidic acid(72%), Tobramycin(64%), Compound sulfamethoxazole(26%), Mezlocillin(10%), Azithromycin(6%), of which the sensitivity rate of Gram-positive cocci was 100% sensitive to Vancomycin.CONCLUSION:Gram-positive cocci are the main bacteria isolated from conjunctival sac of adolescents after wearing OK Lens. Wearing OK Lens will not significantly increase the positive rate of conjunctival sac bacterial flora. Results of antibiotic susceptibility testing may provide guidance for empirical medication in patients wearing OK lens after eye infection.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 621-629, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010068

ABSTRACT

Minute pulmonary meningothelial-like nodules (MPMNs) are benign small lesions in the lungs, with similar pathological characteristics to the meningeal epithelium. MPMNs have similar imaging manifestations to malignant tumors, which can lead to misdiagnosis in clinical practice. There is no consensus on the pathogenesis of MPMNs, with some suggest that MPMNs derive from reactive proliferation, while others suggest that MPMNs share a common origin and molecular mechanism with meningiomas in the central nervous system. Understanding the characteristics of MPMNs and studying their pathogenesis will help improve the understanding and diagnosis of MPMNs. In this article, we reviewed the clinical, pathological, imaging characteristics, differential diagnosis and pathogenesis of MPMNs. We also analyze the existing research advances regarding the pathogenesis and propose prospects for further research.
.

10.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 161-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of scutellarein on the cell proliferation and migration of cervical cancer cell line HCC94 through miRNA-496 (miR-496) and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1).Methods:HCC94 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were taken as objects, and 20 μmol/L scutellarin solution (scutellarin group) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (control group) were added respectively. The CCK-8 method and Transwell experiment were used to detect the proliferation and migration ability of the two groups of HCC94 cells. The relative expression levels of miR-496 and SDF-1 mRNA were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The target gene of miR-496 was predicted by the bioinformatics software TarBase and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Western blot was used to detect the expression of related proteins.Results:Compared with the control group, the proliferation ability of HCC94 cells in the scutellarin group was decreased on the 3rd, 4th and 5th day of culture (all P < 0.05). The number of HCC94 cells in the scutellarin group and the control group were 25±5 and 134±19, respectively, and the cell migration ability of the scutellarin group was lower than that of the control group ( t = 5.61, P < 0.01). The relative expressions of miR-496 in the control group and the scutellarin group were 1.07±0.12 and 11.24±2.75, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 3.68, P < 0.01). The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that SDF-1 was the downstream targeted gene of miR-496. The relative expressions of SDF-1 mRNA in the scutellarin group and the control group were 0.29±0.05 and 1.01±0.07, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 7.22, P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, after scutellarin promoted the expression of miR-496, the expressions of SDF-1 protein, the cell proliferation protein cyclin-dependent kinase 3 (CDK3) and the cell migration proteins Slug and Zeb-2 were decreased. Conclusions:Scutellarin could inhibit the proliferation and migration of cervical cancer HCC94 cells through the miR-496-SDF-1 axis.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1528-1532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940016

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the progress of binocular myopia with orthokeratology lens in different degrees of unilateral myopia in anisometropic children for 1a.METHODS:Retrospective case-control study. The data of 60 unilateral myopic anisometropia children, 8-12-year-old patients who fitted with orthokeratology lens in Xi'an No.1 Hospital from June 2018 to June 2019 were collected. The binocular spherical equivalent(SE)difference ≥2.5D was found in 30 cases in the high anisometropia group, and 1.0D≤ binocular SE difference &#x003C;2.5D was found in 30 cases of the low anisometropia group. The patients in the two groups were observed and compared after wearing lens for 6mo and 1a of the changes of binocular axial length(AL)and SE without-lens eyes.RESULTS: At the follow-up at 6mo and 1a, the growth of AL in the high anisometropia group with orthokeratology lens was less than that in the low anisometropia group(P&#x003C;0.001). The amount of growth of AL without-lens eyes and the growth of SE were greater than that in the low anisometropia group(all P&#x003C;0.001), and the shortening range of the binocular AL in the high anisometropia group was greater than that in the low-degree anisometropia group(P&#x003C;0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the anisometropia and the shortening of axial difference were correlated(F=0.293, 0.458, all P&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION: In anisometropia children with unilateral myopia, after wearing the orthokeratology lens, the progression in high anisometropia group was slower than low anisometropia after wearing the orthokeratology lens, but the progression of AL without-lens eyes and SE was faster than low anisometropia. Wearing orthokeratology lens can effectively reduce anisometropia, and the greater degree of the anisometropia the more binocular axial difference was narrowed, the more binocular axial difference was narrowed.

12.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 173-179, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a biomimetic nanoparticle probe of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) coated with breast cancer cell membrane, to observe its ability to target homologous breast cancer cells in vitro, and to investigate its effect of enhanced photoacoustic imaging and sonodynamic therapy (SDT) for breast cancer in vitro.Methods:The cell membrane of breast cancer 4T1 was extracted by chemical cleavage and repeated freezing and thawing. Then the HMME-coated polylactic acid-glycolic acid copolymer biomimetic nanoparticle was prepared by double emulsification and extrusion. The basic characteristics of nanoparticles were detected. The target ability of nanoparticles to homologous breast cancer cells and the enhancement of photoacoustic imaging were observed in vitro. Singlet oxygen sensor green (SOSG) was used to verify the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production of nanoparticles, and its SDT effect on breast cancer cells was evaluated by CCK8 cytotoxicity assay.Results:The size of the prepared CHP-NPs was uniform, the morphology was spherical "core-shell structure" , the particle size was (275.23±8.25)nm, and the surface potential was (-18.43±0.45)mV. It was observed that CHP-NPs could target homologous 4T1 cells under laser confocal microscopy. In vitro photoacoustic imaging experiments show that the photoacoustic signal of nanoparticles increases with the increase of its concentration. According to SOSG probe detection, CHP-NPs could produce ROS under ultrasonic irradiation.When CHP-NPs was incubated with 4T1 cells alone and no ultrasonic irradiation was used, the cell survival rate was not significantly affected. When the concentration was 0.6 mg/ml, the cell survival rate was still 95%. After ultrasonic irradiation, CCK8 experiment showed that the CHP-NPs had a significant SDT effect on breast cancer cells.Conclusions:The biomimetic nanomolecular probe of breast cancer cell membrane is successfully prepared. The probe has good ability to target homologous tumor, and can significantly enhance tumor photoacoustic imaging and SDT effect.

13.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 67-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873565

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the response measures and outcomes of SARS-CoV(2003), H1N1 influenza(2009), H7N9 influenza(2013)and COVID-19(2020)in Shanghai and provide scientific evidence for the emergency response of public health emergencies. Methods We compared the response measures and outcomes of the four epidemics in Shanghai in the aspects of government response, prevention and control system, scientific and technological support, social mobilization and prevention effects, using critical incident analysis based on the time axis of the epidemics from literature review. Results In response to the four epidemics of infectious diseases occurred in 2003-2020, Shanghai has generally made some significant effort and flexible measures in the first month of the epidemics, including"closure of live poultry markets"and"three closed-loops and four 100% coverage"and other specific prevention and control measures, which have enhanced the prevention and control system. However, we identified that the construction of prevention and control system for public health emergencies remained inefficient, compared to rapid economic development. The majority of the construction measures were principally post-epidemic. In addition, there were many challenges, such as passive response, temporary response teams and measures, and difficulties in the flexible bottom-up response for residents, families and industries without standard operating procedure and guidelines. Conclusion It may be an effective measure for the prevention and control of infectious diseases to build joint prevention and control measures with mass participation and regular drills, in the perspectives of strategic, tactical and operational levels of epidemic prevention and control.

14.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 628-637, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908783

ABSTRACT

Berberine(BBR)is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from Coptis chinensis that improves diabetes,hyperlipidemia and inflammation.Due to the low oral bioavailability of BBR,its mechanism of action is closely related to the gut microbiota.This study focused on the CYP51 enzyme of intestinal bacteria to elucidate a new mechanism of BBR transformation by demethylation in the gut microbiota through multiple analytical techniques.First,the docking of BBR and CYP51 was performed;then,the pharma-cokinetics of BBR was determined in ICR mice in vivo,and the metabolism of BBR in the liver,kidney,gut microbiota and single bacterial strains was examined in vitro.Moreover,16S rRNA analysis of ICR mouse feces indicated the relationship between BBR and the gut microbiota.Finally,recombinant E.coli con-taining cyp51 gene was constructed and the CYP51 enzyme lysate was induced to express.The metabolic characteristics of BBR were analyzed in the CYP51 enzyme lysate system.The results showed that CYP51 in the gut microbiota could bind stably with BBR,and the addition of voriconazole(a specific inhibitor of CYP51)slowed down the metabolism of BBR,which prevented the production of the demethylated metabolites thalifendine and berberrubine.This study demonstrated that CYP51 promoted the deme-thylation of BBR and enhanced its intestinal absorption,providing a new method for studying the metabolic transformation mechanism of isoquinoline alkaloids in vivo.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2647-2655, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921147

ABSTRACT

Cell death occurs in various tissues and organs in the body. It is a physiological or pathological process that has different effects. It is of great significance in maintaining the morphological function of cells and clearing abnormal cells. Pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necrosis are all modes of cell death that have been studied extensively by many experts and scholars, including studies on their effects on the liver, kidney, the heart, other organs, and even the whole body. The heart, as the most important organ of the body, should be a particular focus. This review summarizes the mechanisms underlying the various cell death modes and the relationship between the various mechanisms and heart diseases. The current research status for heart therapy is discussed from the perspective of pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Necrosis , Pyroptosis
16.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 180-186, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912854

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Zhi Shen Tiao Sui (regulating the mind and marrow) needling in treating depression after ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 145 patients with depression after ischemic stroke were recruited between January 2016 and January 2018 and divided into two groups using random number table method, with 72 cases in the control group and 73 cases in the observation group. The control group received conventional treatment for ischemic stroke and medication, while the observation group was given additional Zhi Shen Tiao Sui acupuncture. The two groups were treated for 4 successive weeks. Clinical efficacy was analyzed after treatment. The neurological function pertinent scores [Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), clinical neurological deficit score (CNDS), activities of daily living (ADL), Fugl-Meyer assessment scale (FMA) and Barthel index (BI) scores], as well as the levels of cortisol (CORT) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were recorded in the two groups. Adverse reactions that occurred during treatment were also observed. Results: The clinical total effective rate was 82.2% in the observation group, significantly higher than 66.7% in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the HAMD and CNDS scores were markedly reduced in both groups (all P<0.05), and the ADL, FMA and BI scores were markedly increased (all P<0.05). The HAMD and CNDS scores were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group after treatment (both P<0.05), and the ADL, FMA and BI scores were significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05). The levels of CORT and ACTH declined significantly after treatment in the two groups (all P<0.05), and were markedly lower in the observation group than in the control group (both P<0.05). The adverse reaction rate was 2.7% in the observation group, versus 4.2% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). Conclusion: Compared with sole use of Western medication, medication combined with Zhi Shen Tiao Sui acupuncture can promote the recovery of neurological function, down-regulate the levels of CORT and ACTH and enhance the clinical efficacy in treating patients with depression after ischemic stroke, with a relatively high safety rating.

17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 538-547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence and mortality in China, among which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 80%. Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) targeted therapy has been playing an important role in treatment of NSCLC. However, unavoidable therapeutic resistance significantly limits the clinical efficacy of EGFR-TKI. As a key member of the forkhead box protein family, FOXC1 is aberrantly expressed in NSCLC and involved in NSCLC progression. The aim of this work is to investigate the effect and potential mechanism of FOXC1 on gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.@*METHODS@#Western blot was performed to assess the expression of FOXC1 protein in HCC827/GR cells. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays were performed in human NSCLC tissues with gefitinib resistance. HCC827/GR cells were transfected with shRNA specifically targeting FOXC1 mRNA and stable cell lines were established. The effects of FOXC1 on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed using a new methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTS assay) and flow cytometry. Self-renewal ability was determined by mammosphere-formation analysis. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were employed to detect the expression of SOX2, Nanog, OCT4 and CD133. Flow cytometry analysis were further used to detect the level of CD133. IHC assays were used to detect the levels of SOX2 and CD133 in NSCLC tissues with genfitiinb resistance. Correlations of the expressions of FOXC1, CD133 and SOX2 with each other in lung adenocarcinoma samples were analyzed based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database.@*RESULTS@#The expression of FOXC1 is significantly increased in HCC827/GR cells compared with HCC827 cells (P<0.05). IHC results showed FOXC1 was highly expressed in NSCLC tissues with gefitinib resisitance. Knockdown of FOXC1 significantly increased the sensitivity of HCC827/GR cells to gefitinib. The cell viability was decreased and the apoptosis was promoted (P<0.05). Moreover, FOXC1 knockdown apparently inhibited the expression of SOX2 and CD133, and decreased the mammosphere-formation capacity in HCC827/GR cells. In NSCLC tissues with gefitinib resistance, the expressions of SOX2 and CD133 were significantly higher compared with gefitinib-sensitive tissues (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the expressions of FOXC1, CD133 and SOX2 with each other were positively correlated (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#FOXC1 could increase gefitinib resitance in NSCLC, by which mechanism is related to the regulation of cancer stem cell properties.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1411-1416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) gene and its associated gene mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and analyze its clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The genomic DNA-PCR method was used to detect the exon of RUNX1 gene, and the gene mutations were analyzed by genetic sequencing. NPM1, DNMT3A, FLT3-ITD, IDH1/2, K/N-RAS, CEPBA, TET2, and WT1 co-mutations were also detected. Patients were followed up to determine efficacy and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among 171 patients, the RUNX1 gene mutation was detected in 17 cases, and the mutation rate was 9.9%. The type of RUNX1 gene mutation was 9 missense mutations, 4 frameshift mutations, and 4 nonsense mutations. The peripheral blood leukocyte count of the patients in mutation group was 3 (1-101) ×10@*CONCLUSION@#AML patients with RUNX1 gene mutation shows unique clinical and biological characteristics, RUNX1 mutation can be regarded as a molecular marker of poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Mutation , Nucleophosmin
19.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1078-1084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015894

ABSTRACT

EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI)-targeted therapy has been playing an important role in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, unavoidable therapeutic resistance significantly limits the clinical efficacy of TKI. As an important member of the PAK family of serine/threonine kinases, p21-activated protein kinase 2 (PAK2) plays a critical role in tumorigenesis and tumor development. The aim of this work is to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of inhibition of PAK2 on the reversal of gefitinib resistance in NSCLC. Firstly, Western blotting was used to detect the expression and phosphorylation level of PAK2 in gefitinib-resistant HCC827/GR cells. The results showed that the phosphorylation level of PAK2 was significantly increased in HCC827/GR cells compared with HCC827 cells (P < 0. 01), while the total protein level of PAK2 did not change. Then, HCC827/GR cells were treated with PAK2 inhibitors FRAX597 or G5555. The MTS assay and clone formation assay results showed that FRAX597 or G5555 significantly increased the sensitivity of HCC827/GR cells to gefitinib (P < 0. 01). Flow cytometry analysis showed that treatment of FRAX597 could induce cell cycle arrest in G

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 786-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876512

ABSTRACT

Sempervirine, a yohimbane-type alkaloid isolated from Gelsemium elegans, was found to significantly inhibit the cellular proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and in vivo in a dose-dependent manner. U251 cells were treated with 0-16 μmol·L-1 of sempervirine for 24, 48 or 72 h. An MTT assay and clone formation assay were used to investigate cell survival and clone formation. Hoechst staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining were used to measure cell apoptosis. The expression of PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 was determined by Western blot analysis. The antitumor effect of sempervirine in vivo was investigated by inoculating nude mice with U251 cells. All animal experiments were in strict accordance with the regulations of the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Fujian Medical University (Fujian, China). The results show that sempervirine significantly inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of U251 cells, promotes cleavage of caspase-3, down-regulates the protein expression of PI3K and Bcl-2/Bax, and inhibits phosphorylation of AKT in vitro. Intraperitoneal injection of 4 or 8 mg·kg-1·day-1 of sempervirine inhibits U251 cells tumor growth in the xenograft nude mice, and tumor weight decreased by 44.76% and 61.26%, respectively. Our study shows that sempervirine significantly inhibits the proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and in vivo, laying a foundation for further research and development of its anti-glioma effect.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL