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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1528-1532, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940016

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the progress of binocular myopia with orthokeratology lens in different degrees of unilateral myopia in anisometropic children for 1a.METHODS:Retrospective case-control study. The data of 60 unilateral myopic anisometropia children, 8-12-year-old patients who fitted with orthokeratology lens in Xi'an No.1 Hospital from June 2018 to June 2019 were collected. The binocular spherical equivalent(SE)difference ≥2.5D was found in 30 cases in the high anisometropia group, and 1.0D≤ binocular SE difference <2.5D was found in 30 cases of the low anisometropia group. The patients in the two groups were observed and compared after wearing lens for 6mo and 1a of the changes of binocular axial length(AL)and SE without-lens eyes.RESULTS: At the follow-up at 6mo and 1a, the growth of AL in the high anisometropia group with orthokeratology lens was less than that in the low anisometropia group(P<0.001). The amount of growth of AL without-lens eyes and the growth of SE were greater than that in the low anisometropia group(all P<0.001), and the shortening range of the binocular AL in the high anisometropia group was greater than that in the low-degree anisometropia group(P<0.05). The correlation analysis showed that the anisometropia and the shortening of axial difference were correlated(F=0.293, 0.458, all P<0.001).CONCLUSION: In anisometropia children with unilateral myopia, after wearing the orthokeratology lens, the progression in high anisometropia group was slower than low anisometropia after wearing the orthokeratology lens, but the progression of AL without-lens eyes and SE was faster than low anisometropia. Wearing orthokeratology lens can effectively reduce anisometropia, and the greater degree of the anisometropia the more binocular axial difference was narrowed, the more binocular axial difference was narrowed.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 161-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of scutellarein on the cell proliferation and migration of cervical cancer cell line HCC94 through miRNA-496 (miR-496) and stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1).Methods:HCC94 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were taken as objects, and 20 μmol/L scutellarin solution (scutellarin group) and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (control group) were added respectively. The CCK-8 method and Transwell experiment were used to detect the proliferation and migration ability of the two groups of HCC94 cells. The relative expression levels of miR-496 and SDF-1 mRNA were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The target gene of miR-496 was predicted by the bioinformatics software TarBase and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Western blot was used to detect the expression of related proteins.Results:Compared with the control group, the proliferation ability of HCC94 cells in the scutellarin group was decreased on the 3rd, 4th and 5th day of culture (all P < 0.05). The number of HCC94 cells in the scutellarin group and the control group were 25±5 and 134±19, respectively, and the cell migration ability of the scutellarin group was lower than that of the control group ( t = 5.61, P < 0.01). The relative expressions of miR-496 in the control group and the scutellarin group were 1.07±0.12 and 11.24±2.75, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 3.68, P < 0.01). The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that SDF-1 was the downstream targeted gene of miR-496. The relative expressions of SDF-1 mRNA in the scutellarin group and the control group were 0.29±0.05 and 1.01±0.07, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 7.22, P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, after scutellarin promoted the expression of miR-496, the expressions of SDF-1 protein, the cell proliferation protein cyclin-dependent kinase 3 (CDK3) and the cell migration proteins Slug and Zeb-2 were decreased. Conclusions:Scutellarin could inhibit the proliferation and migration of cervical cancer HCC94 cells through the miR-496-SDF-1 axis.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 786-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876512

ABSTRACT

Sempervirine, a yohimbane-type alkaloid isolated from Gelsemium elegans, was found to significantly inhibit the cellular proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and in vivo in a dose-dependent manner. U251 cells were treated with 0-16 μmol·L-1 of sempervirine for 24, 48 or 72 h. An MTT assay and clone formation assay were used to investigate cell survival and clone formation. Hoechst staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining were used to measure cell apoptosis. The expression of PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 was determined by Western blot analysis. The antitumor effect of sempervirine in vivo was investigated by inoculating nude mice with U251 cells. All animal experiments were in strict accordance with the regulations of the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Fujian Medical University (Fujian, China). The results show that sempervirine significantly inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of U251 cells, promotes cleavage of caspase-3, down-regulates the protein expression of PI3K and Bcl-2/Bax, and inhibits phosphorylation of AKT in vitro. Intraperitoneal injection of 4 or 8 mg·kg-1·day-1 of sempervirine inhibits U251 cells tumor growth in the xenograft nude mice, and tumor weight decreased by 44.76% and 61.26%, respectively. Our study shows that sempervirine significantly inhibits the proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and in vivo, laying a foundation for further research and development of its anti-glioma effect.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873565

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the response measures and outcomes of SARS-CoV(2003), H1N1 influenza(2009), H7N9 influenza(2013)and COVID-19(2020)in Shanghai and provide scientific evidence for the emergency response of public health emergencies. Methods We compared the response measures and outcomes of the four epidemics in Shanghai in the aspects of government response, prevention and control system, scientific and technological support, social mobilization and prevention effects, using critical incident analysis based on the time axis of the epidemics from literature review. Results In response to the four epidemics of infectious diseases occurred in 2003-2020, Shanghai has generally made some significant effort and flexible measures in the first month of the epidemics, including"closure of live poultry markets"and"three closed-loops and four 100% coverage"and other specific prevention and control measures, which have enhanced the prevention and control system. However, we identified that the construction of prevention and control system for public health emergencies remained inefficient, compared to rapid economic development. The majority of the construction measures were principally post-epidemic. In addition, there were many challenges, such as passive response, temporary response teams and measures, and difficulties in the flexible bottom-up response for residents, families and industries without standard operating procedure and guidelines. Conclusion It may be an effective measure for the prevention and control of infectious diseases to build joint prevention and control measures with mass participation and regular drills, in the perspectives of strategic, tactical and operational levels of epidemic prevention and control.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2647-2655, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921147

ABSTRACT

Cell death occurs in various tissues and organs in the body. It is a physiological or pathological process that has different effects. It is of great significance in maintaining the morphological function of cells and clearing abnormal cells. Pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necrosis are all modes of cell death that have been studied extensively by many experts and scholars, including studies on their effects on the liver, kidney, the heart, other organs, and even the whole body. The heart, as the most important organ of the body, should be a particular focus. This review summarizes the mechanisms underlying the various cell death modes and the relationship between the various mechanisms and heart diseases. The current research status for heart therapy is discussed from the perspective of pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Humans , Necrosis , Pyroptosis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912854

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Zhi Shen Tiao Sui (regulating the mind and marrow) needling in treating depression after ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 145 patients with depression after ischemic stroke were recruited between January 2016 and January 2018 and divided into two groups using random number table method, with 72 cases in the control group and 73 cases in the observation group. The control group received conventional treatment for ischemic stroke and medication, while the observation group was given additional Zhi Shen Tiao Sui acupuncture. The two groups were treated for 4 successive weeks. Clinical efficacy was analyzed after treatment. The neurological function pertinent scores [Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), clinical neurological deficit score (CNDS), activities of daily living (ADL), Fugl-Meyer assessment scale (FMA) and Barthel index (BI) scores], as well as the levels of cortisol (CORT) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were recorded in the two groups. Adverse reactions that occurred during treatment were also observed. Results: The clinical total effective rate was 82.2% in the observation group, significantly higher than 66.7% in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the HAMD and CNDS scores were markedly reduced in both groups (all P<0.05), and the ADL, FMA and BI scores were markedly increased (all P<0.05). The HAMD and CNDS scores were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group after treatment (both P<0.05), and the ADL, FMA and BI scores were significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (all P<0.05). The levels of CORT and ACTH declined significantly after treatment in the two groups (all P<0.05), and were markedly lower in the observation group than in the control group (both P<0.05). The adverse reaction rate was 2.7% in the observation group, versus 4.2% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically insignificant (P>0.05). Conclusion: Compared with sole use of Western medication, medication combined with Zhi Shen Tiao Sui acupuncture can promote the recovery of neurological function, down-regulate the levels of CORT and ACTH and enhance the clinical efficacy in treating patients with depression after ischemic stroke, with a relatively high safety rating.

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 538-547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is the malignant tumor with the highest incidence and mortality in China, among which non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 80%. Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) targeted therapy has been playing an important role in treatment of NSCLC. However, unavoidable therapeutic resistance significantly limits the clinical efficacy of EGFR-TKI. As a key member of the forkhead box protein family, FOXC1 is aberrantly expressed in NSCLC and involved in NSCLC progression. The aim of this work is to investigate the effect and potential mechanism of FOXC1 on gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.@*METHODS@#Western blot was performed to assess the expression of FOXC1 protein in HCC827/GR cells. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays were performed in human NSCLC tissues with gefitinib resistance. HCC827/GR cells were transfected with shRNA specifically targeting FOXC1 mRNA and stable cell lines were established. The effects of FOXC1 on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed using a new methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTS assay) and flow cytometry. Self-renewal ability was determined by mammosphere-formation analysis. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were employed to detect the expression of SOX2, Nanog, OCT4 and CD133. Flow cytometry analysis were further used to detect the level of CD133. IHC assays were used to detect the levels of SOX2 and CD133 in NSCLC tissues with genfitiinb resistance. Correlations of the expressions of FOXC1, CD133 and SOX2 with each other in lung adenocarcinoma samples were analyzed based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database.@*RESULTS@#The expression of FOXC1 is significantly increased in HCC827/GR cells compared with HCC827 cells (P<0.05). IHC results showed FOXC1 was highly expressed in NSCLC tissues with gefitinib resisitance. Knockdown of FOXC1 significantly increased the sensitivity of HCC827/GR cells to gefitinib. The cell viability was decreased and the apoptosis was promoted (P<0.05). Moreover, FOXC1 knockdown apparently inhibited the expression of SOX2 and CD133, and decreased the mammosphere-formation capacity in HCC827/GR cells. In NSCLC tissues with gefitinib resistance, the expressions of SOX2 and CD133 were significantly higher compared with gefitinib-sensitive tissues (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the expressions of FOXC1, CD133 and SOX2 with each other were positively correlated (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#FOXC1 could increase gefitinib resitance in NSCLC, by which mechanism is related to the regulation of cancer stem cell properties.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a biomimetic nanoparticle probe of hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) coated with breast cancer cell membrane, to observe its ability to target homologous breast cancer cells in vitro, and to investigate its effect of enhanced photoacoustic imaging and sonodynamic therapy (SDT) for breast cancer in vitro.Methods:The cell membrane of breast cancer 4T1 was extracted by chemical cleavage and repeated freezing and thawing. Then the HMME-coated polylactic acid-glycolic acid copolymer biomimetic nanoparticle was prepared by double emulsification and extrusion. The basic characteristics of nanoparticles were detected. The target ability of nanoparticles to homologous breast cancer cells and the enhancement of photoacoustic imaging were observed in vitro. Singlet oxygen sensor green (SOSG) was used to verify the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production of nanoparticles, and its SDT effect on breast cancer cells was evaluated by CCK8 cytotoxicity assay.Results:The size of the prepared CHP-NPs was uniform, the morphology was spherical "core-shell structure" , the particle size was (275.23±8.25)nm, and the surface potential was (-18.43±0.45)mV. It was observed that CHP-NPs could target homologous 4T1 cells under laser confocal microscopy. In vitro photoacoustic imaging experiments show that the photoacoustic signal of nanoparticles increases with the increase of its concentration. According to SOSG probe detection, CHP-NPs could produce ROS under ultrasonic irradiation.When CHP-NPs was incubated with 4T1 cells alone and no ultrasonic irradiation was used, the cell survival rate was not significantly affected. When the concentration was 0.6 mg/ml, the cell survival rate was still 95%. After ultrasonic irradiation, CCK8 experiment showed that the CHP-NPs had a significant SDT effect on breast cancer cells.Conclusions:The biomimetic nanomolecular probe of breast cancer cell membrane is successfully prepared. The probe has good ability to target homologous tumor, and can significantly enhance tumor photoacoustic imaging and SDT effect.

9.
Clinics ; 76: e1987, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). METHODS: The study included a total of 70 patients with moderate-to-severe IUAs who underwent TCRA. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group (n=35) and control group n=35). In the treatment group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received intrauterine perfusion of Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine. In the control group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received hyaluronic acid sodium and intrauterine device (IUD). Follow-up was performed after treatment of uterine cavity, menstruation and pregnancy. RESULTS: After 3 months of treatment, we observed a significantly lower rate of intrauterine re-adhesion (45.71% versus 77.14%, p=0.044) and significantly higher clinical efficiency (82.86% versus 77.14%, p=0.025) in the treatment group than those in the control group. After 6 months of treatment, we observed a significantly higher clinical efficiency in the treatment group than that in the control group (88.57% versus 68.57%, p=0.039). During the follow-up period, the pregnancy rate was 45.71% and 37.14% in the treatment group and control group, respectively, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.628). CONCLUSIONS: After surgical management of IUA, the integrated treatment combining a uterus stent placement and artificial cycle with Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine can improve the condition of menstruation, and prevent and treat recurrence of IUA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Intrauterine Devices , Hysteroscopy , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use
10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 453-457, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909776

ABSTRACT

Although the neuropathologic changes and diagnostic criteria for the neurodegenerative disorder Alzheimer′s diseasehave been established, the clinical symptoms are very different largely.The clinical symptoms of its special type frontal lobe variant and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia are very similar, which brings great challenges to the differential diagnosis.Therefore, we report a patient with progressive cognitive impairment, early significant executive dysfunction and abnormal behavior, and magnetic resonance imaging showed significant frontotemporal atrophy.It is easy to be misdiagnosed as behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia.However, multimodal functional neuroimaging results show that neuropathological changes are more likely to be frontal variant Alzheimer′s disease.This study shows that the use of detailed neuropsychological tests, biological markers and multimodal neuroimaging to identify these atypical syndromes will help to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and patient management.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term efficacy of Shenmai injection combined with FOLFOX chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer and its effects on immune function and tumor markers. Methods:Eighty-two patients with advanced gastric cancer who received treatment in Shengzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China between June 2018 and June 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either FOLFOX chemotherapy (control group, n = 41) or Shenmai injection combined with FOLFOX chemotherapy (observation group, n = 41). All patients received three 21-day courses of treatment. Short-term efficacy of chemotherapy and improvement in quality of life were compared between the two groups. Immune function, expression of tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 724) and adverse reactions were determined before and after three courses of treatment. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [70.73% (29/41) vs. 46.34% (19/41), χ2 = 5.025, P < 0.05]. The proportion of patients had improved quality of life in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [78.05% (32/41) vs. 56.10% (23/41), χ2 = 4.473, P < 0.05]. After three courses of treatment, the proportion of CD 3+ and CD 4+ cells and the ratio of CD 4+/CD 8+ cells in the observation group were (58.39 ± 3.14)%, (38.79 ± 2.35)% and (1.54 ± 0.17), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(48.10 ± 3.01)%, (30.10 ± 1.78)%, (0.92 ± 0.15), t = 15.148, 18.875, 17.511, all P < 0.05]. After three courses of treatment, serum carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 724 levels in the observation group were (6.98 ± 1.45) μg/L and (7.85 ± 1.76) μg/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(15.47 ± 3.21) μg/L, (18.97 ± 3.25) μg/L), t = 15.434, 19.265, both P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Shenmai injection combined with FOLFOX chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer exhibits good short-term efficacy, can improve the immune function, and reduce the levels of carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 724.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908895

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of PACS system (picture archiving and communication system) in the standardized residency training of cardiovascular medicine.Methods:Fifty-nine residents taking the standardized residency training of cardiovascular medicine in Changhai Hospital from 2018 to 2019 were randomly divided into PACS teaching group ( n = 30) and traditional teaching group ( n = 29). The research group adopted the PACS system for the teaching of cardiovascular medicine, and the control group took the traditional teaching method. The teaching effect was evaluated by theoretical examination, imaging examination and questionnaire. SPSS 19.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The theoretical and film reading scores of the PACS teaching group were significantly higher than those of the control group [(87.70 ± 6.52) vs. (80.55 ± 8.63); (86.67 ± 6.33) vs. (77.48 ± 10.29), P < 0.05)]. The results of the questionnaire showed that PACS teaching method was helpful for residents to master cardiovascular knowledge, arouse their learning interest and improve their clinical thinking ability. The satisfaction with the teaching method in the PACS teaching group was significantly higher than that in the traditional teaching group [(9.22 ± 0.44) vs. (8.26 ± 0.72), P < 0.05]. Conclusion:The application of PACS system in the teaching of cardiovascular medicine can significantly improve the teaching effect of residents.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908783

ABSTRACT

Berberine(BBR)is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from Coptis chinensis that improves diabetes,hyperlipidemia and inflammation.Due to the low oral bioavailability of BBR,its mechanism of action is closely related to the gut microbiota.This study focused on the CYP51 enzyme of intestinal bacteria to elucidate a new mechanism of BBR transformation by demethylation in the gut microbiota through multiple analytical techniques.First,the docking of BBR and CYP51 was performed;then,the pharma-cokinetics of BBR was determined in ICR mice in vivo,and the metabolism of BBR in the liver,kidney,gut microbiota and single bacterial strains was examined in vitro.Moreover,16S rRNA analysis of ICR mouse feces indicated the relationship between BBR and the gut microbiota.Finally,recombinant E.coli con-taining cyp51 gene was constructed and the CYP51 enzyme lysate was induced to express.The metabolic characteristics of BBR were analyzed in the CYP51 enzyme lysate system.The results showed that CYP51 in the gut microbiota could bind stably with BBR,and the addition of voriconazole(a specific inhibitor of CYP51)slowed down the metabolism of BBR,which prevented the production of the demethylated metabolites thalifendine and berberrubine.This study demonstrated that CYP51 promoted the deme-thylation of BBR and enhanced its intestinal absorption,providing a new method for studying the metabolic transformation mechanism of isoquinoline alkaloids in vivo.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1411-1416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) gene and its associated gene mutations in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and analyze its clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The genomic DNA-PCR method was used to detect the exon of RUNX1 gene, and the gene mutations were analyzed by genetic sequencing. NPM1, DNMT3A, FLT3-ITD, IDH1/2, K/N-RAS, CEPBA, TET2, and WT1 co-mutations were also detected. Patients were followed up to determine efficacy and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among 171 patients, the RUNX1 gene mutation was detected in 17 cases, and the mutation rate was 9.9%. The type of RUNX1 gene mutation was 9 missense mutations, 4 frameshift mutations, and 4 nonsense mutations. The peripheral blood leukocyte count of the patients in mutation group was 3 (1-101) ×10@*CONCLUSION@#AML patients with RUNX1 gene mutation shows unique clinical and biological characteristics, RUNX1 mutation can be regarded as a molecular marker of poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Mutation , Nucleophosmin
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 22-27, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798947

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal glomus tumors (GIGT).@*Methods@#Totally 15 cases of GIGT were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, from January 2011 to June 2018. The clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, BRAF V600E mutation and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#The 15 patients′ age ranged from 37 to 59 years(median 49 years, mean 50 years). Eleven patients presented with intermittent abdominal pain and distention, three showed antral space-occupying lesions at physical examination, and one had abdominal pain accompanied by fecal blood. Fourteen tumors were located in the stomach, and one was in the ileum. Imaging showed the gastric glomus tumors were located in the submucosal layer with obvious enhancement in the arterial phase, and the ileum glomus tumor involved the whole layer of intestinal wall causing luminal obstruction. The maximum diameters of the tumors ranged from 1.5 to 3.0 cm (mean 2.3 cm). Grossly, the gastric glomus tumors were solid. Microscopically, the gastric glomus tumors were mostly located in the muscularispropria layer and were vascular. The tumor boundary was distinct but without capsule formation. The tumor cells were round or oval, and showed perivascular hemangiopericytoma-like or solid nest-like structures. The tumor cells were mildly pleomorphic, with rare mitosis and no necrosis. Two tumors had focal calcification, two showed mucosal invasion, two showed vascular invasion and five showed perineural invasion. The ileum glomus tumor was cellular, with prominent cellular atypia, and the mitotic count in hot spots was about 5-6/HPF. Immunohistochemistry showed that SMA and collage Ⅳ were strongly expressed in all the tumor cells; caldesmon and calponin were moderately expressed in some regions, and syn was weakly expressed in 12 cases. The Ki-67 proliferation index in the gastric glomus tumors ranged from 1% to 30% (mean 6%); and that in the ileum glomus tumor was about 70%. BRAF V600E mutations were not detected in any of 15 GIGTs. All patients did not receive radiotherapy or chemotherapy post operatively. Thirteen patients were followed up by telephone for 18-90 months (mean 42 months). Twelve patients with gastric glomus tumors survived without recurrence and metastasis, and the patient with ileum glomus tumor had liver metastasis 15 months after operation.@*Conclusions@#Glomus tumors is a rare mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. It should be differentiated from gastrointestinal stromal tumors, neuroendocrine tumor, leiomyoma, solitary fibrous tumor and paraganglioma. Most GIGTs are benign and have good prognosis. More experience is needed to understand the biologic behavior and prognostication of GIGTs.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873130

ABSTRACT

Objective::On the basis of previous research, to detect the changes of six main alkaloids in Gelsemium elegans rhizomes before and after being processed, so as to reveal its internal mechanism of processing. Method::The contents of gelsemine, humantenidine, koumine, gelsenicine, gelsevirine and humantenine in G. elegans rhizomes was determined simultaneously by HPLC, the content changes of these components before and after processing and its reasons were analyzed by cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The mobile phase was methanol (A)-0.1%formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 22%A; 10-20 min, 22%-30%A; 20-30 min, 30%-40%A). The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, the injection volume was 10 μL, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Result::Before processing, contents of the above six components in raw products were 1.444, 1.129, 3.590, 1.603, 2.376, 1.631 mg·g-1, after processing, the contents of these six components were 2.258, 0.343, 1.176, 0.115, 0.459, 0.281 mg·g-1, respectively. Gelsenicine, the most toxic ingredient of G. elegans rhizomes, decreased most significantly with a decreasing rate of 92.83%, while the less toxic ingredient, gelsemine, increased by 56.37%after processing. The contents of other four components in G. elegans rhizomes decreased to varying degrees after processing. The results of cluster analysis indicated that G. elegans rhizomes were clearly divided into two categories before and after processing. Principal component analysis showed that the first principal component before and after processing was changed from koumine to gelsemine. Conclusion::The degradation of toxic components and content changes of other components may be one of the intrinsic mechanism of toxicity attenuation and efficacy reservation of G. elegans rhizomes being processed.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of direct renin inhibitor aliskiren for the treatment of severe or critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with hypertension.Methods:The antihypertensive effects and safety of aliskiren was retrospectively analyzed in three severe and one critical COVID-19 patients with hypertension.Results:Four patients, two males and two females, with an average age of 78 years (66-87 years), were referred to hospital mainly because of respiratory symptoms. Three were diagnosed by positive novel coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV) nucleic acid or antibody, and the critical patient with cardiac insufficiency was clinically determined. Two patients were treated with calcium channel antagonist (CCB), one with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), and one with angiotensin Ⅱ receptor antagonist (ARB). After admission, ACEI and ARB were discontinued, one patient with heart failure was treated by aliskiren combined with diuretic.Three patients were treated with aliskiren combined with CCB among whom two withdrew CCB due to low blood pressure after 1 to 2 weeks. Based on comprehensive treatment including antiviral and oxygenation treatment, blood pressure was satisfactorily controlled by aliskiren after three to four weeks without serious adverse events. All patients were finally discharged.Conclusion:Our preliminary clinical data shows that antihypertensive effect of aliskiren is satisfactory and safe for severe COVID-19 patients complicated with hypertension.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863118

ABSTRACT

At present, the main treatment strategy for acute ischemic stroke is to recanalize the occluded blood vessels through drug or endovascular interventional therapy, and to save the ischemic penumbra is the key of the treatment, but due to the factors such as time window and indications, some patients cannot benefit from them. NeuroFlo technology can redistribute blood flow in body, increase intracranial blood supply, promote the establishment of collateral circulation around infarctions, effectively save ischemic penumbra, and ultimately improve the long-term prognosis of patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828415

ABSTRACT

To explore the general characteristics of adverse drug reactions/adverse events(ADR/AE) in patients after using Shujin Jianyao Pills, and explore risk warning signals, this study analyzed 166 cases of ADR/AE reports of Shujin Jianyao Pills collected from 2005 to 2017 based on the National Center for ADR Monitoring spontaneous reporting system(SRS). And the descriptive statistical method was used to analyze general characteristics. The results showed that among the 166 ADR/AE cases, 106 cases were female patients, accounting for 63.86%. Middle-aged and elderly people aged 45 to 64 accounted for the largest proportion(82 cases, 49.40%), which were followed by elderly aged 65 and over(48 cases, 28.91%). ADR/AE involved a wide range of systems and organs, of which skin and its accessories were the most damaged(30 cases, 12.93%), which were followed by systemic damage(27 cases, 11.64%). The top 10 ADR/AE manifestations were rash(15 cases, 6.33%), nausea(14 cases, 5.91%), dizziness(14 cases, 5.91%), abdominal pain(12 cases, 5.06%), pruritus(11 cases, 4.64%), low back pain(11 cases, 4.64%), vomiting(10 cases, 4.22%), hepatocyte damage(9 cases, 3.80%), headache(9 cases, 3.80%), and diarrhea(7 cases, 2.95%). Bayesian confidence propagation neural network(BCPNN) was used to mine the ADR/AE risk early warning signal of Shujin Jianyao Pills, and the propensity score method was used to control the balance of confounding factors. The results suggested warning signs for nausea, diarrhea, rash, and dizziness, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, liver cell damage. This study provides a basis for the post-marke-ting safety evaluation of Shujin Jianyao Pills, and can provide guidance for its rational clinical use and risk management.


Subject(s)
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems , Aged , Bayes Theorem , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pharmacovigilance , Risk Management
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828006

ABSTRACT

Inhibition of bitterness is a significant measure to improve the compliance and clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) decoction. According to the characteristics of TCM decoction, such as high dispersion of bitterness components, multi-component bitterness superposition and strong instantaneous stimulation, the research group put forward a new strategy to inhibit bitterness in the early stage based on the self-assembly characteristics of amphiphilic substances in aqueous solution, in order to reduce the distribution of bitterness components in real solution and achieve the purpose of bitter-masking. It was found that the bitter-masking effect of amphiphilic substances was different on the bitter compounds of various structures. Therefore, it was speculated that there might be a certain relationship between the bitter inhibition effect and the substrate structure. In this paper, the interaction between mPEG-PLLA and five bitter alkaloids(bamatine, jatrorrhizine, berberine, epiberberine and coptisine) in Coptidis Rhizoma was studied to explore the effect of substrate structure on the inhibition of bitterness. The sensory test of volunteers was used to determine the bitter-masking effect of mPEG-PLLA on the decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma and its main bitter alkaloids. The molecular docking and molecular force field were applied to locate the bitter groups and the bitter-masking parts. The relationship between the bitter strength and the structure was analyzed by the surface electrostatic potential of the bitter alkaloids, and the correlation between the bitter-masking effect and the structural parameters of the bitter components was explored by factor analysis, so as to clarify the structure-activity relationship of mPEG-PLLA in masking the bitterness of coptis alkaloids. It was found that mPEG-PLLA had significant taste masking effect on the decoction of Coptidis Rhizoma and five alkaloids. The masking effect was obviously related to the structure of different alkaloids: the effect increased with the increase of the number of hydrogen donors, rotatable bonds, molecular weight, and hydrophobicity, and decreased with the increase of surface electrostatic potential, electrophilicity and binding energy with bitter receptors. In this study, the influence of alkaloid structure of Coptidis Rhizoma on the butter-masking effect of mPEG-PLLA was preliminarily elucidated, providing a scientific basis for better exerting the bitter-masking effect of amphiphilic block copolymers.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Coptis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Structure-Activity Relationship , Taste
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