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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920837

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: Fractures around the hip in the geriatric population not only lead to functional but also psychological impairment. Psychiatric disturbances can be associated with poor participation in rehabilitation, increased risk of falling again, and higher rates of mortality. The present study was undertaken to assess the association between the psychological status and functional outcome of surgically managed elderly Indian patients who had sustained fractures around the hip. Materials and methods: The present study was a hospital based prospective, single centre study. One hundred and two geriatric patients who had sustained hip fracture and had been managed surgically, having no cognitive dysfunction, living independently, having unhindered walking capability before the fracture, were included in the study. They were called for follow-up at 3rd, 6th, and 12th month after the hip surgery. Psychological assessment was done by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and functional outcome by using the Harris hip score (HHS). Results: Our study did not show association between psychological status and functional outcome except in one sub-group. Significant correlation was observed between the psychological status and functional outcome in most of the patients in the extra-capsular group. We have identified improvement in the depression, anxiety and functional scores during the follow-up. Conclusion: We conclude that psychiatric disturbances in a geriatric patient after undergoing a surgery for hip fracture may lead to poor recovery. We recommend that all such geriatric patients should undergo a psychological assessment and proper therapy should be instituted to achieve good functional recovery

2.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157274

ABSTRACT

Myrica esculenta (Myricaceae) and Syzygium cumini(Myrtaceae), the Indian traditional fruits were studied for their biochemical assay, antifungal activity and mineral analysis. The biochemical assay in terms of total phenols, flavonols, ortho dihydroxy phenolic, ascorbic acid & phytic acid content and antioxidant activity revealed different quantitative make up in all the different samples. The in vitro antioxidant activity determined by reducing power assay, chelating power on Fe2+ ions and 2, 2-diphenylpicrylhydrazil (DPPH) radical scavenging activity were found to be good to moderate in a dose dependent manner in all the extracts. The extracts showed significant antinociceptive and antipyretic activity on mice. Methanolic extracts of both the fruits collected from different regions exhibited good antifungal activity against the three pathogenic fungi viz; Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotium rolfsii, and Fusarium oxysporium. All the extracts studied for their mineral analysis through atomic absorption spectroscopy also revealed quantitative variation of N, P , K , S, Fe, Zn, Cu and Mn. Fe was found to be maximum in all the samples however Na was absent in all the samples.

3.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147102

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine rotavirus disease burden and distribution of rotavirus genotypes in children less than five years of age. Methodology: Stool samples were collected from 1768 hospital admitted children under 5 years of age with acute watery diarrhea during November 2005 to October 2008. Rotavirus in stool samples was detected by Enzyme Immuno Assay (EIA) and positive specimens for rotavirus positive was genotyped by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) and sequencing methods. Results: The prevalence of rotavirus was 36.59% (647/1768). Detection was higher in male (33.3%) than female (26.9%). The prevalence was higher during the month of January (2005-06) and February in other periods. During 2005-06, high prevalence of rotavirus was noted in children of age between 6-11 months while in 2006-07 and 2007-08 high prevalence was seen in age group 12-23 months. The most common genotyping of rotavirus identified 5 G types and 3 P types. Genotypes G12 and P [8] were most common during both periods studied (G12; 50%, 29% 33.7% in 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2007-08 respectively and P[8]; 47%, 35% and 43.5% in 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2007-08 respectively). Among six combined genotypes, G12P [6] was most prevalent (34%, 24% and 47.5% in 2005-06, 2006-07 and 2007-08 respectively) where as G1P [6] (4%) was seen in year 2007- 08 only. Conclusions: The study demonstrates the burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Nepal. The data on rotavirus genotypes will help inform decisions as to whether rotavirus vaccine should be considered for inclusion in to Nepal’s National Immunization Program.

4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-45887

ABSTRACT

This study was carried to identify the causes of pancytopenia and to find out the bone marrow morphology in cases of pancytopenia. It was a cross sectional study conducted over a period of two years in the Department of Pathology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. Bone marrow aspiration smears of patients fulfilling the criteria of pancytopenia were examined. The data obtained were analyzed using measures of central tendency. One hundred and forty eight cases underwent bone marrow aspiration and it constituted 15.74% of total cases. Mean age was 30 years (range, 1-79 years). 42 cases were children (28.37%). Male: female ratio was 1.5:1. The commonest cause was hypoplastic bone marrow seen in 43 cases (29%) followed by megaloblastic anemia in 35 cases (23.64%), and hematological malignancy in 32 cases (21.62%). Erythroid hyperplasia was seen in 29 cases (19.6%) and normal bone marrow was seen in 5 cases (3.38%). There was one case each of Niemann-Pick disease and metastatic neuroblastoma in children and chronic pure red cell aplasia and leishmaniasis in adults. Acute leukemia was the commonest hematological malignancy. In children, commonest finding was hypoplastic bone marrow (38.1%) while in adults megaloblastic anemia (30.18%) was commonest finding followed by hypoplastic anemia (25.47%). In present study bone marrow examination was able to establish diagnosis in 77% of cases. Hypoplastic marrow was the commonest diagnosis, followed by megaloblastic anemia, and hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anemia, Aplastic , Anemia, Megaloblastic/pathology , Bone Marrow/pathology , Bone Marrow Examination , Child , Child, Preschool , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Leukemia , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia/diagnosis , Risk Factors
5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-46858

ABSTRACT

Filariasis is a common disabling parasitic disease in this region and cytological diagnosis is often not required. Cytology has important role in diagnosis of sub-clinical filariasis. Most cases of cytologically diagnosed filariasis are clinically unanticipated. Microfilaria, ova and fragments of adult worm of Wuchereria bancrofti, in exfoliative as well as aspiration cytology have been reported and are useful in cytological detection of bancroftian filariasis. Microfilaria is frequently detected in association with neoplasm, although the role in tumorogenesis is controversial. The objective of the study was to investigate importance of cytology in diagnosis of filariasis in lesions clinically anticipated to be of neoplastic and to review the cytomorphology of bancroftian filaria and its association with neoplasm. This is a retrospective study carried out in cytology department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. 14 cases of cytological specimen out of 4291 (0.3%) showed microfilaria; 12 cases were from FNAC from different sites and 2 cases were from pleural fluid. 2 cases showed ova in addition to microfilaria and one of them in addition showed fragment of adult worm. Microfilaria in 4 cases of FNAC and one case ofpleural fluid were associated with malignant cells.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Child , Cohort Studies , Cytodiagnosis , Female , Filariasis/complications , Humans , Incidental Findings , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/parasitology , Nepal , Retrospective Studies , Wuchereria bancrofti
6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-46816

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to document the value of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of subcutaneous cysticercosis. Aspirates smears of 10 cases of subcutaneous swellings were studied over a period of 1 year between January 2004 and January 2005. The subcutaneous swellings were presented at different sites like cheek, neck, forearm, arm, chest wall and abdominal wall. In none of these cases was cysticercosis considered as diagnostic possibility. The characteristic cytomorphological features of parasitic tegument, parenchymatous portion, presence of epithelioid cells, giant cells and inflammatory cells in cytological smears help diagnose the cases of subcutaneous cysticercosis. Biopsy confirmation was possible in 5 cases, of which, two cases showed parenchymatous portion of the parasite. FNAC provides safe and rapid tool for diagnosis of subcutaneous cysticercosis. In endemic areas, cysticercosis should be considered one of the differential diagnosis of the subcutaneous swellings.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Child , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Female , Hematoxylin , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors
7.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-45925

ABSTRACT

This was a retrospective study carried out on all hysterectomy specimens sent to Department of Pathology of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal from 1st September 2005 to 28th February 2006, to study the histopathological findings of these specimens. All informations used in the study were obtained from the records of Department of Pathology of the hospital. Out of 221 hysterectomy specimens received during the study period, 139 (62.9%) were total abdominal and 82 (37.1%) were vaginal hysterectomy specimens. Mean age of the patient was 53.4 years for vaginal hysterectomy group where as it was 37.6 years for total abdominal hysterectomy with unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and 46.3 years for total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy group. Uterine prolapse was commonest indication of hysterectomy overall (37.1%) and accounted for 98.8% of vaginal hysterectomies. Other common indications of hysterectomy were uterine fibroid (24.9%), ovarian tumor (14.9%) and dysfunctional uterine bleeding (7.7%). Leimyoma was the most common pathology found in uterine corpus (27.1%). Chronic cervicitis in cervix, functional cysts in ovaries and paratubal cysts in fallopian tubes were most common histological findings. Ovarian neoplasms accounted for 18.3% of ovarian pathology. 38% specimens were unremarkable histopathologically. In Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, abdominal hysterectomies are more common than vaginal hysterectomies. Most vaginal hysterectomies are done for uterine prolapse and patients are older than those undergoing abdominal hysterectomies. Most abdominal hysterectomies are performed for uterine leiomyomas. Hysterectomy specimens may be unremarkable histopathologically, most of which are vaginal hysterectomies done for uterine prolapse.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cervix Uteri/pathology , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy/methods , Hysterectomy, Vaginal , Leiomyoma/pathology , Middle Aged , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovariectomy , Ovary/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Prolapse/pathology , Uterus/pathology
8.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2000 Oct; 38(10): 1050-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-56555

ABSTRACT

Phenolics, anthocyanin and alpha-bisabolol production from poplar (Populus delotides) in tissue culture was determined. A number of phenolic acids were identified by HPLC. PAL activity in response to phytohormones, cells growth and anthocyanin production showed a positive correlation. A component, alpha-bisabolol, was identified using gas chromatography and UV spectroscopy. In vitro production of said metabolites was influenced by phytohormones.


Subject(s)
Ammonia-Lyases/metabolism , Anthocyanins/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Sesquiterpenes/metabolism , Trees/cytology
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