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1.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2020331, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the distribution of cases of congenital anomalies in the state of Santa Catarina by health macro-region, to determine the frequency according to maternal and neonatal variables, to estimate the related mortality, and the trends in the period 2010-2018. Methods: An ecological time-series study with secondary data on congenital anomalies and the sociodemographic and health variables of mothers and newborns living in Santa Catarina, from 2010 to 2018. For temporal trend analysis, generalized linear regression was performed using the Prais-Winsten method with robust variance. Results: The average prevalence of congenital anomalies in the period was 8.9 cases per 1,000 live births, being 9.4 cases by 1,000 live births in 2010 and, in 2018, 8.2/1,000. The trend remained stable in the analyzed period. The major malformations were musculoskeletal, hip, and foot malformations, with a proportion ≥30%. There was a higher prevalence of congenital anomalies in low birthweight, preterm, male livebirths with Apgar≤7, born by cesarean section, mothers of older age (≥40 years), and less educated (less than eight years of study). Infant mortality due to congenital malformations was 2.6 deaths/1,000 live births, representing about 25.8% of the total infant deaths in the period. Conclusions: The frequency of congenital anomalies and the mortality with anomalies was stable in the studied period in Santa Catarina. The presence of anomalies was associated with low birth weight, prematurity, and low Apgar score. The highest proportion of congenital anomalies was in the musculoskeletal system.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a distribuição dos casos de anomalias congênitas no estado de Santa Catarina por macrorregião de saúde, determinar a frequência segundo fatores da mãe e do produto da gestação e estimar a mortalidade relacionada e a tendência no período de 2010-2018. Métodos: Estudo ecológico de série temporal, com dados secundários sobre anomalias congênitas e variáveis sociodemográficas e de saúde de mães e recém-nascidos residentes em Santa Catarina, no período de 2010 a 2018. Para análise de tendência temporal, foi utilizada a regressão linear generalizada pelo método de Prais-Winsten com variância robusta. Resultados: A prevalência média de anomalias congênitas no período foi de 8,9 casos a cada 1.000 nascidos vivos, sendo 9,4 casos a cada 1.000 em 2010 e 8,2 a cada 1.000 em 2018. A tendência manteve-se estável no período analisado. As principais malformações foram as osteomusculares, de quadril e de pés, com proporção ≥30%. Verificou-se prevalência maior de anomalias congênitas nas crianças de baixo peso, prematuras, de sexo masculino e Apgar≤7 e nos nascidos de cesariana, de mães de maior idade (≥40 anos) e menor escolaridade (menos de oito anos de estudo). A mortalidade infantil por malformações congênitas foi de 2,6 óbitos/1.000 nascidos vivos, representando 25,8% do total de óbitos infantis no período. Conclusões: Houve estabilidade na frequência e na mortalidade associada às anomalias congênitas em Santa Catarina de 2010 a 2018. A ocorrência dessas condições foi associada aos nascidos de baixo peso, pré-termo e baixo escore de Apgar. A maior proporção de anomalias congênitas foi do sistema osteomuscular.

2.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 01, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-979053

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To translate and to observe the psychometric measures of the Brazilian version of the Quality of Prenatal Care Questionnaire. METHODS The translation protocol followed the standards of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research. Descriptive statistics were performed to identify characteristics of 280 literate postpartum women in a public hospital. We examined the internal consistency using Cronbach's alfa. To determine the test-retest reproducibility and the instrument's stability, we performed the intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland and Altman plot between two applications. We investigated the item's properties using the item response theory. RESULTS The overall Cronbach's alpha index was 0.975. The intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.995 (95%CI 0.993-0.996) and a uniform distribution was visualized at the Bland and Altman plot. The item response theory identified the discriminatory power and the difficulty level of the instrument and of each item. The instrument showed acute angulation of the expected total score, and good concentrate information and good standard error curves, preserving the latent construct and its original items. CONCLUSIONS This analysis concluded that the Brazilian version of the Quality of Prenatal Care Questionnaire is a high-quality, reliable and valid questionnaire to determine the quality of prenatal care among Brazilian women. The questionnaire is suitable for the cultural context represented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/standards , Quality of Health Care/standards , Translations , Health Care Surveys , Psychometrics , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Reproducibility of Results , Gestational Age , Language
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180418, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041510

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the epidemiological and clinical profile of reported cases of bee sting incidents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all reported cases of bee sting incidents among the population of Santa Catarina from 2007 to 2017. RESULTS: In total, 8,912 cases were reported, corresponding to an overall rate of 12.3/100,000 population. The mean age was 29,8 years with 60.2% men. The lethality rate was 0.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Santa Catarina has a high incidence rate of bee stings, which is higher than the national average. The data presented in this study may be underestimated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Bee Venoms/poisoning , Bees , Insect Bites and Stings/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Disease Notification , Spatial Analysis , Middle Aged
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