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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 438-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the impacts of hierarchical management based on medical alliance on the patency of arteriovenous graft (AVG),and provide a basis for further exploration of optimal AVG management.Methods:In this retrospective cohort study, clinical and follow-up data of patients with AVG established in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2021 were analyzed. Patients were divided into medical alliance group and non-medical alliance group according to whether they were under hierarchical management model, and the patency rate of AVGs and the incidence of clinical events were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 328 AVGs were included in this study, which were from 151 hemodialysis centers, including 189 AVGs (57.6%) from 72 centers in medical alliance group, and 139 AVGs (42.4%) from 79 centers in non-medical alliance group. The age of the patients was (55.57±11.80) years, among whom 130 (39.6%) were males and 126 (38.4%) were diabetic. The follow-up time of AVGs in this cohort was 15.5 (9.5, 26.2) months, with 15.4 (9.8, 25.2) months in medical alliance group and 15.5 (9.2, 27.3) months in non-medical alliance group. The incidence of thrombosis or occlusion (0.328 times/patient-year), graft dissection (0.007 times/patient-year), graft infection (0.030 times/patient-year), and catheter utilization (0.043 times/patient-year) in the medical alliance group were lower than those in the non-medical alliance group (0.589 times/patient-year, 0.040 times/patient-year, 0.054 times/patient-year and 0.147 times/patient-year, respectively), and there was no significant difference in clinic follow-up rates between the two group (1.91 times/patient-year vs. 1.94 times/patient-year). The median primary patency time was 17.4 (95% CI 11.3-23.5) months, the median primary assisted patency time was 32.6 (95% CI 25.0-40.2) months, and the median secondary patency time was 47.9 (95% CI 40.0-55.8) months in the medical alliance group, compared with 12.3 (95% CI 9.4-15.2) months, 19.4 (95% CI 14.3-24.5) months, and 34.6 (95% CI 29.3-39.9) months in the non-medical alliance group, respectively. Primary patency were significantly higher in the medical alliance group (77.4%, 62.2%, 39.9%, and 26.6%) than those in the non-medical alliance group (71.1%, 50.1%, 30.6%, and 13.4%) at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months (Log-rank test, χ2=4.504, P=0.034). Primary assisted patency were significantly higher in the medical alliance group (90.9%, 84.3%, 67.1%, and 46.1%) than those in the non-medical alliance group (89.2%, 75.7%, 42.0%, and 16.6%) at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months (Log-rank test, χ2=10.655, P=0.001). Secondary patency were significantly higher in the medical alliance group (96.8%, 91.8%, 84.2%, and 74.0%) than those in the non-medical alliance group (89.9%, 85.8%, 69.3%, and 47.5%) at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months (Log-rank test, χ2=11.634, P=0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that it was a protective factor for primary patency ( HR=0.708, 95% CI 0.512-0.980, P=0.037), primary assisted patency ( HR=0.506, 95% CI 0.342-0.749, P=0.001) and secondary patency ( HR=0.432, 95% CI 0.261-0.716, P=0.001) under the medical alliance model. Conclusion:The hierarchical management based on medical alliances can improve the patency of AVGs and reduce the incidence of clinical events.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 325-329, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994980

ABSTRACT

Vascular accesses are the lifelines for hemodialysis patients. This paper proposes to establish an integrative medicine with patient first model in the clinical practice of vascular access based on characters of hemodialysis patients and combined with the domestic and global innovation of management of vascular access. This model emphasizes the integration of vascular access plan with the whole life plan of renal replacement therapy, the combination of characters of vessel and entire condition of the patient, as well as balanced with patient's psychosocial characters. To implement this model in clinical practice, a multidisciplinary team with different professional background should be built, suitable job position should be set up and workflows should be formulated and optimized.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 95-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical outcomes of hemodialysis (HD) patients with stent grafts for arteriovenous access complications in real-world.Methods:It was a retrospective cohort study. Clinical data of HD patients treated with stent grafts for arteriovenous access complications from August 1, 2018 to December 31, 2021 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University was collected to analyze target lesion primary patency (TLPP), target lesion primary assisted patency (TLPAP), and access circuit primary patency (ACPP) using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Log-rank test, and to compare TLPP and mean annual intervention times between pre-stent grafts and post-stent grafts placement.Results:A total of 77 stent grafts in 71 patients were included according to the inclusion criteria, of which 46 (59.7%) were arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and 31 (40.3%) were arteriovenous graft (AVG), with a median follow-up time of 22.4 months. At 6, 12, 24, and 36 months after stent grafts deployment, TLPP was 89.3%, 66.5%, 48.3% and 42.5%, respectively. TLPAP was 94.8%, 90.4%, 78.7% and 75.4%, respectively. And ACPP was 77.2%, 54.3%, 35.2% and 29.0%, respectively. At subgroup analysis, there was no difference in TLPP at the three different sites of central vein, cephalic arch, and AVG venous anastomosis or outflow tract ( χ2=0.086, P=0.808). TLPP was better in the stenosis group than thrombosis or occlusion group, but was not statistically significant ( χ2=2.551, P=0.110). Compared with pre-stent grafts, TLPP improved significantly ( χ2=7.484, P=0.006), the median patency time increased from 16.6 months to 23.2 months, and the mean annual intervention times decreased from 0.99 (0.10, 1.83) to 0.50 (0, 1.45) ( Z=-2.841, P=0.004) after stent grafts placement Conclusion:The TLPP of HD patients with stent grafts for arteriovenous access complications improves significantly, and the mean annual intervention times reduce significantly.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994402

ABSTRACT

Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a syndrome characterized by pain and morning stiffness in the neck and shoulder and pelvic girdles, as well as raised acute-phase reactants, with or without systemic symptoms, such as fever. Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic vasculitis of unclear etiology that involves systemic arteries, principally affecting medium- and large-sized arteries with skipped, segmental alterations and granulomatous vasculitis seen on histopathology. In China, epidemiological data describing GCA are still limited; thus, the prevalence might be underestimated. The involvement of vessels in GCA can cause irreversible visual impairment or loss and stroke, which are serious complications. PMR is three times more prevalent than GCA, and other specific diseases should be excluded before the diagnosis is established. PMR symptoms can be present in 40%-60% of patients with GCA. Conversely, GCA can develop in 15% of patients with PMR. Chinese Rheumatology Association, based on the clinical diagnosis and treatment guidelines in 2005, utilizing the experience and guidelines of diagnosis and treatment at home and abroad, formulated this specification to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of GCA and PMR and improve the patient′s prognosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993122

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a basis for selecting the optimization method for intracavitary/interstitial brachytherapy (IC/ISBT) of cervical cancer by comparing graphical optimization (GO), inverse planning simulated annealing (IPSA), and hybrid inverse planning optimization (HIPO) using dosimetric and radiobiological models.Methods:This study selected 65 patients with cervical cancer who were treated with image-guided IC/ISBT. The afterloading therapy plans for these patients were optimized using GO, IPSA, and HIPO individually, with a prescription dose high-risk clinical target volume (HRCTV) D90 of 6 Gy. The non-parametric Friedman test and the non-parametric Wilcoxon rank test were employed to analyze the differences in duration, dose-volume parameters, and radiobiology between the three types of optimized plans. Results:Inverse planning optimization (IPSA: 46.53 s; HIPO: 98.36 s) took less time than GO (135.03 s). In terms of gross target volume (GTV) dose, the high-dose irradiation V150% (53.66%) was slightly higher in the HIPO-optimized plans, while the V200% (30.29%) was higher in the GO-optimized plans. The GO-optimized plans had a higher conformity index (CI; 0.91) than other plans, showing statistically significant differences. Compared with other plans, the HIPO-optimized plans showed the lowest doses of D1 cm 3 and D2 cm 3 at bladders and rectums and non-statistically significant doses at small intestines ( P > 0.05). In terms of the equivalent uniform biologically effective dose (EUBED) for HRCTV, the HIPO-optimized plans showed a higher value (12.35 Gy) than the GO-optimized plans (12.23 Gy) and the IPSA-optimized plans (12.13 Gy). Moreover, the EUBED at bladders was the lowest (2.38 Gy) in the GO-optimized plans, the EUBED at rectums was the lowest (3.74 Gy) in the HIPO-optimized plans, and the EUBED at small intestines was non-significantly different among the three types of optimized plans ( P = 0.055). There was no significant difference in the tumor control probability (TCP) predicted using the three types of optimized plans ( P > 0.05). The normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCPs) of bladders and rectums predicted using the HIPO-optimized plans were lower than those predicted using the GO- and IPSA-optimized plans( χ2 = 12.95-38.43, P < 0.01), and the NTCP of small intestines did not show significant differences ( P > 0.05). Conclusions:Among the three types of optimization algorithms, inverse optimization takes less time than GO. GO-optimized plans are more conformal than IPSA- and HIPO-optimized plans. HIPO-optimized plans can increase the biological coverage dose of the target volume and reduce the maximum physical/biological exposure and NTCP at bladders and rectums. Therefore, HIPO is recommended preferentially as an optimization algorithm for IC/ISBT for cervical cancer.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of sevoflurane (Sev) on proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells.Methods:Normal human breast epithelial cell line MCF10A and human breast cancer cell line MCF7 were purchased. The expression level of sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) , ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) in breast cancer cells and acetylation level of ACLY were measured. Breast cancer cells were divided into the following groups: Control group, 2% SEV group, 4% SEV group, si-NC group, si-SIRT2 group, 4% SEV+si-NC group, 4% SEV+si-SIRT2 group, SIRT2 group, SIRT2+ACLY-WT group, SIRT2+ACLY-3KQ group, SIRT2+ACLY-3KQ+4% SEV group, si-ACLY group, si-ACLY+ACLY-WT group, si-ACLY+ACLY-3KQ group. MTT and Transwell assay were used to detect cell proliferation and invasion.Results:Compared with MCF-10A cells (1.00±0.15) , SIRT2 was low expressed in Control group cells (0.43±0.03) ( q=11.98, P<0.001) , SEV could induce the expression of SIRT2 ( F=88.71, P<0.001) . In addition, ACLY and ACLY-3K acetylation level were up-regulated in breast cancer cells (all P<0.05) . Knockdown of SIRT2 or overexpression of ACLY and ACLY-3KQ could promote the proliferation and invasion of MCF7 cells (all P<0.05) , while SEV, overexpression of SIRT2 or knockdown of ACLY showed the opposite effects (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:Sev may inhibit the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells through SIRT2, which may be related to the regulation of ACLY deacetylation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively evaluate the quality of Herba Clematidis Intricatae through HPLC multi-index components, chemometrics combined with EW-TOPSIS. Methods:A total of 18 batches of Herba Clematidis Intricatae samples from seven provinces were collected. Contents of luteolin-7-O-glucoside, rutoside, hyperoside, quercitrin, quercetin, luteolin, apigenin and kaempferol in Herba Clematidis Intricatae were simultaneously determined by HPLC. Chemometrics method was used to comprehensively analyze the content determination results, and the main potential markers affecting the quality of Herba Clematidis Intricatae were analyzed. The quality of Herba Clematidis Intricatae from different origins was evaluated. Results:The eight components showed good linear relationships within their respective ranges ( r≥0.999 1), and accuracy was good ( RSD<2.0%). The chemometrics method showed that 18 batches of Herba Clematidis Intricatae could be clustered into 3 categories, showing certain regional differences. Rutoside, hyperoside and luteolin-7-O-glucoside were the indicative components affecting the difference of chemical constituents in Herba Clematidis Intricatae; results of EW-TOPSIS method showed that the optimum quality of Herba Clematidis Intricatae from Inner Mongolia and Liaoning, followed by those of Hebei, Shanxi and Shanxi, and lowest in Qinghai and Gansu. Conclusion:The established HPLC method is convenient and accurate, and combined with chemometrics and EW-TOPSIS method can be used for the comprehensive evaluation of the quality of Herba Clematidis Intricatae.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 179-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980995

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of glutaminolysis of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) in hypertension-induced myocardial fibrosis. C57BL/6J mice were administered with a chronic infusion of angiotensin II (Ang II, 1.6 mg/kg per d) with a micro-osmotic pump to induce myocardial fibrosis. Masson staining was used to evaluate myocardial fibrosis. The mice were intraperitoneally injected with BPTES (12.5 mg/kg), a glutaminase 1 (GLS1)-specific inhibitor, to inhibit glutaminolysis simultaneously. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were used to detect protein expression levels of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III in cardiac tissue. Neonatal Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat CFs were treated with 4 mmol/L glutamine (Gln) or BPTES (5 μmol/L) with or without Ang II (0.4 μmol/L) stimulation. The CFs were also treated with 2 mmol/L α-ketoglutarate (α-KG) under the stimulation of Ang II and BPTES. Wound healing test and CCK-8 were used to detect CFs migration and proliferation respectively. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein expression levels of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III. The results showed that blood pressure, heart weight and myocardial fibrosis were increased in Ang II-treated mice, and GLS1 expression in cardiac tissue was also significantly up-regulated. Gln significantly promoted the proliferation, migration, mRNA and protein expression of GLS1, Collagen I and Collagen III in the CFs with or without Ang II stimulation, whereas BPTES significantly decreased the above indices in the CFs. α-KG supplementation reversed the inhibitory effect of BPTES on the CFs under Ang II stimulation. Furthermore, in vivo intraperitoneal injection of BPTES alleviated cardiac fibrosis of Ang II-treated mice. In conclusion, glutaminolysis plays an important role in the process of cardiac fibrosis induced by Ang II. Targeted inhibition of glutaminolysis may be a new strategy for the treatment of myocardial fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Mice , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Fibroblasts , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Fibrosis , Collagen/pharmacology , Collagen Type I/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Myocardium/pathology
9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 972-976, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973788

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the applicability of Chinese dry eye questionnaire in college students using the ocular surface disease index(OSDI)questionnaire as a reference.METHODS: Cross-sectional study. A total of 711 college students from Nanyang Medical College were enrolled in the study and assessed for dry eye condition using OSDI questionnaire and Chinese dry eye questionnaire. The response rate of each question in the two questionnaires was counted. Cronbach α was calculated to evaluate the internal consistency of both questionnaires. Correlation between the total scores of the two questionnaires was analyzed to evaluate the criterion validity. Based on OSDI scores, the discriminant validity of Chinese dry eye questionnaire was evaluated; receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves was plotted for Chinese dry eye questionnaire scores, area under the ROC curve(AUC)was calculated, and diagnostic thresholds and corresponding sensitivity and specificity were also analyzed.RESULT: The response rates of the 12 questions on the OSDI questionnaire were 33.2%-100.0%, while it was 100.0% for each question on the Chinese dry eye questionnaire. The Cronbach α values of OSDI questionnaire and Chinese dry eye questionnaire were 0.905 and 0.789, respectively. The Chinese dry eye questionnaire score was positively correlated with the OSDI score(rs=0.712, P&#x003C;0.001). According to OSDI questionnaire scores, dry eye severity was divided into normal group, mild dry eye group, moderate dry eye group and severe dry eye group. The scores of Chinese dry eye questionnaire in these groups were 4.00(2.00, 6.00), 9.00(7.00, 11.00), 12.00(9.00, 14.00)and 16.00(13.50, 22.00), respectively, which increased with the severity of dry eye, and the overall difference was statistically significant(P&#x003C;0.001), as well as pairwise comparison between groups(P&#x003C;0.05). The AUCs of Chinese dry eye questionnaire in distinguishing normal population from dry eye population, mild dry eye from moderate dry eye, moderate dry eye from severe dry eye were 0.862, 0.661 and 0.769, respectively, and the diagnostic thresholds were 6.5, 11.5 and 14.5, respectively.CONCLUSION:Chinese dry eye questionnaire has an equivalent reliability, validity, discriminant ability and better response rate for dry eye screening and epidemiological survey among college students in China compared with OSDI questionnaire.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation between the mRNA levels of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and lung-specific X protein (LUNX) genes with pathological types and stages of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their significance for prognosis.@*METHODS@#Eighty nine patients with NSCLC admitted to Huaihe Hospital of Henan University between June 2015 and June 2018 were recruited, with 55 patients with benign lung lesions admitted during the same period of time selected as the control group. The mRNA levels of BCRP and LUNX genes were detected in the peripheral blood samples from the two groups, and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression rates of BCRP and LUNX mRNA in the NSCLC group were significantly higher compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The level of BCRP mRNA of the NSCLC patients has correlated with the degree of differentiation and TNM staging (P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, smoking, pathological types and lymph node metastasis (P > 0.05). The level of LUNX mRNA of them has correlated with the degree of differentiation, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05), but not with gender, age, smoking, and pathological types (P > 0.05). Compared with those with no expression, the overall survival rate of patients with BCRP and LUNX expression was significantly lower (P < 0.05). The degree of differentiation, TNM staging, lymph node metastasis, and expression of the BCRP and LUNX mRNA may all affect the prognosis of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of BCRP and LUNX mRNA in the peripheral blood of patients with NSCLC are significantly increased. The expression of BCRP mRNA is correlated with the degree of differentiation and TNM staging, whilst the expression of LUNX mRNA is correlated with the differentiation degree, TNM staging and lymph node metastasis. Both may be used as independent predictors for the prognosis of patients with NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Glycoproteins/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970449

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the current situation of palliative care for patients who died in Peking Union Medical College Hospital,so as to guide the practice of palliative care for patients in terminal stage. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on patients who died in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1,2019 to December 31,2019.The general clinical data of the patients,whether they received palliative care,and the treatment details including invasive rescue measures,symptom controlling,and psychological,social,and spiritual care status before dying were collected for descriptive analysis. Results A total of 244 inpatients died in 2019,including 135 males and 109 females,with an average age of (65.9±16.4) years (1 day to 105 years).Among the 244 patients,112 (45.9%) died of neoplastic diseases and 132 (54.1%) died of non-neoplastic diseases.Sixty-one (25.0%) patients received palliative care before death,and they were mainly distributed in internal medicine departments such as nephrology (100.0%),gastroenterology (80.0%),and geriatrics (72.7%).Twenty-nine patients received sound palliative care,with all symptoms under control and no invasive treatment before death,and twenty-six patients received psychological,social,and spiritual care.Compared with the patients who were not exposed to the concept of palliative care,the patients who received palliative care showed decreased probabilities of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (0 vs 20.2%;χ2=13.009,P<0.001),tracheal intubation (3.3% vs 48.6%;χ2=38.327,P<0.001),and invasive mechanical ventilation (4.9% vs 47.5%;χ2=33.895,P<0.001) and an increased probability of psychological,social,and spiritual care (54.1% vs 2.4%;χ2=91.486,P<0.001). Conclusion The concept of palliative care has a positive impact on the death of end-stage patients.Palliative care services can increase the probability of end-stage patients receiving psychological,social,and spiritual care and reduce the use of invasive treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Palliative Care , Retrospective Studies , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Hospitals , Intubation, Intratracheal
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the workflow, feasibility and advantages of respiratory navigator-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of liver malignancies on the magnetic resonance linear accelerator (MR-linac).Methods:Clinical data of 10 patients with liver cancer treated with respiratory navigator-guided SBRT on the MR-linac from September to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients underwent CT and MR simulated localization, and plain, enhanced and 4D CT scan, and T 1 3D MR and T 2 3D MR images were collected. The expiratory 4D CT was chosen to design the reference plan. The T 2 3D navigator MR image (end-exhalation) was collected before treatment, the target position was adjusted or the target shape was modified in combination with the real-time monitoring 2D MR image and appropriate online adaptive planning process was selected. Then, the ability of CT, T 2 3D and T 2 3D navigator MR images to display the tumor was evaluated by naked eye. The changes of target volume were calculated. Dosimetric differences between the adaptive and reference plans were compared. The efficacy and adverse reactions of patients were evaluated. Results:In the free breathing state, the T 2 3D navigator MR image was significantly better than T 2 3D MR image to clearly display the tumor and its boundary. The adaptive plans of adapt-to-position (ATP) and adapt-to-shape (ATS) adopted by 10 patients was 37 times and 22 times respectively. The tumor subsided significantly in 3 patients. The average target conformal index (CI) of the adaptive plans was no different from that of the reference plans, but the gradient index (GI) was higher ( P<0.05), especially in the ATS plans. Compared to the reference plans, the normal liver V 5 Gy, V 10 Gy and D mean were almost the same, but the average MU was increased with a significant difference in the ATP adaptive plans ( P<0.05). The average of MU, segments and normal liver D mean and V 10 Gy in the ATS adaptive plans were lower than those in the reference plans, and the liver V 5 Gy was slightly increased. Seven patients were evaluated after 1 month and 3 months. The local control of lesions was promising. Toxicities were mild and no grade 3 or higher toxicities were observed. Conclusion:Respiratory navigator on MR-linac improves the visual clarity of tumors and online MR images, and shows its advantages to guide the adaptive precision radiotherapy of liver tumors, especially in SBRT.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a three-dimensional (3D) U-net-based deep learning model, and to predict the 3D dose distribution in CT-guided cervical cancer brachytherapy by using the established model.Methods:The brachytherapy plans of 114 cervical cancer cases with a prescription dose of 6 Gy for each case were studied. These cases were divided into training, validation, and testing groups, including 84, 11, and 19 patients, respectively. A total of 500 epochs of training were performed by using a 3D U-net model. Then, the dosimetric parameters of the testing groups were individually evaluated, including the mean dose deviation (MDD) and mean absolute dose deviation (MADD) at the voxel level, the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) of the volumes enclosed by isodose surfaces, the conformal index (CI) of the prescription dose, the D90 and average dose Dmean delivered to high-risk clinical target volumes (HR-CTVs), and the D1 cm 3 and D2 cm 3 delivered to bladders, recta, intestines, and colons, respectively. Results:The overall MDD and MADD of the 3D dose matrix from 19 cases of the testing group were (-0.01 ± 0.03) and (0.04 ± 0.01) Gy, respectively. The CI of the prescription dose was 0.70 ± 0.04. The DSC of 50%-150% prescription dose was 0.89-0.94. The mean deviation of D90 and Dmean to HR-CTVs were 2.22% and -4.30%, respectively. The maximum deviations of the D1 cm 3 and D2 cm 3 to bladders, recta, intestines, and colons were 2.46% and 2.58%, respectively. The 3D U-net deep learning model took 2.5 s on average to predict a patient′s dose. Conclusions:In this study, a 3D U-net-based deep learning model for predicting 3D dose distribution in the treatment of cervical cancer was established, thus laying a foundation for the automatic design of cervical cancer brachytherapy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920745

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the species of trematodes isolated from laying ducks in Nanchang City using morphological and molecular approaches. Methods Trematodes were isolated from the hepatobiliary duct, gallbladder and large intestine of market-sold laying ducks in Nanchang City. Following morphological characterization, total DNA was extracted from all trematode specimens, and internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) and cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 (Cox1) genes were amplified using PCR assay and sequenced. Sequence alignment was performed using the Blast software, and homology and phylogenetic analyses were done in the trematode isolates based on ITS and Cox1 gene sequences. Results The morphological characteristics of two trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducks were similar to those of Echinostoma revolutum and E. miyagawai, and the morphological characteristics of eight trematode samples isolated from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks were similar to those of Amphimerus anatis. The ITS and Cox1 gene sequences of the two trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducks had 99.3% and 98.9%-99.4% homology with E. miyagawai, and the phylogenetic analysis showed that two trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with E. miyagawai based on ITS and Cox1 gene sequences. The ITS gene sequences of eight trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks shared 95.1%-95.5% with Opisthorchis sudarikovi and Clonorchis sinensis, while the Cox1 gene sequences of eight trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder of laying ducks shared 86.3%-86.4% and 85.5%-85.7% with O. viverrini and O. sudarikovi. ITS gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that the duck-derived trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with C. sinensis, and Cox1 gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis showed that the duck-derived trematode isolates had the closest genetic relationship with Metorchis orientalis and O. viverrini. Conclusions The trematode isolates from the large intestine of laying ducts in Nanchang City may be E. miyagawai, and the trematode isolates from the hepatobiliary duct and gallbladder may be an unidentified trematode species of the family Opisthorchiidae.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of combining repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with treadmill training in treating spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation (C) group, an SCI group, a treadmill training (TT) group, a treadmill training followed by rTMS (TR) group and an rTMS followed by treadmill training (RT) group. The C group only underwent laminectomy without spinal cord injury, while the model of T9 incomplete spinal cord injury was established in the other groups using the Louisville Injury System Apparatus impactor. One week after the operation the TT began. The TR group received rTMS immediately after the treadmill training and the RT group received it before. The treadmill′s speed started at 3.6m/min and gradually increased to 6m/min within 1 week. There was one 15min session a day, 5 days a week, for 8 weeks in total. The rTMS intensity was 30% of the maximum output intensity at 10Hz in 5s bursts with an interval of 25s. It lasted 10min, for a total of 1000 pulses. Hind limb motor functioning was evaluated using the Basso, Beattie & Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale and a grid walking test. The H max/M max ratio was used to quantify the excitability of the motor neurons. Immunohistochemistry was employed to detect the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-hydroxytryptamine 1A receptor (5-HT 1AR) and 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A receptor (5-HT 2AR). Results:The average BBB scores of the RT group were significantly higher than the SCI group′s averages from the 7th to 9th week after the injury. At the ninth week the average BBB score of the RT group was significantly higher than the TT group′s average. At the eighth and ninth week the average BBB scores of the TR group were significantly higher than in the SCI group. The number of drops in the RT group was significantly lower than in the SCI group at the seventh and ninth week. At the ninth week, the number of drops of the TR group was significantly lower compared with the SCI group. The H max/M max ratio of the SCI group was significantly higher than in the C and TR groups at the fifth and ninth week, while that of the TR group was significantly lower than the SCI group′s ratio at the ninth week. The expression of 5-HT, 5-HT 1AR and 5-HT 2AR in the RT and TR groups was significantly higher than in the SCI group, and the relative 5-HT 1AR density of the RT and TR groups was significantly higher than in the SCI and TT groups. Compared with the other 4 groups, the expression of 5-HT 2AR in the SCI group had increased significantly. Conclusions:Combining rTMS with treadmill training can significantly promote the recovery of locomotor function after incomplete spinal cord injury.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 23-28, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with tunnel-cuffed catheter (TCC) and construct a risk prediction model for the prevention and treatment of catheter infection.Methods:It was a retrospective study. Patients who had their TCC removed in Hemodialysis Access Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July to December 2020 were randomly divided into a training set (for model building) and a validation set (for model validation) in the ratio of 7∶3. The training set was divided into CRBSI group and non-CRBSI group with reference to the 2019 Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative clinical practice guidelines for vascular access, and the risk factors for the occurrence of CRBSI were analyzed. The odds ratio ( OR) values of the variables in the multivariate logistic regression analysis were applied to construct a risk prediction model, and the assessment ability of the model was validated in the validation set. Results:A total of 254 HD patients were included. The training set consisted of 179 patients with male-to-female ratio of 1.36∶1, age of (55.81±15.95) years old, median dialysis age of 18(8, 27) months, median TCC retention time of 15(5, 24) months, and 40 patients with confirmed CRBSI. Logistic regression analysis showed that, combined diabetes ( OR=2.711, 95% CI 1.174-6.258, P=0.019), history of catheter-related infection within 3 months ( OR=3.674, 95% CI 1.541-8.760, P=0.003), more than 4 times nursing interventions within 1 month ( OR=3.128, 95% CI 1.343-7.283, P=0.008), and central venous disease ( OR=2.572, 95% CI 1.130-5.854, P=0.024) were the independent influencing factors for CRBSI occurrence in HD patients with TCC. The OR values of the variables in the multivariate logistic regression were rounded to the assigned scores of the risk prediction model. The corresponding scores of each factor were summed in the training set to obtain the risk score. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, with area under the curve ( AUC) of 0.761(0.683-0.839) and maximum Youden index of 0.461, at which time the corresponding cut-off value was 6, with sensitivity of 90.0% and specificity of 56.1%. The model was validated in the validation set with AUC of 0.794(0.674-0.914) and cut-off value of 6, with sensitivity of 61.6% and specificity of 82.5%. Conclusions:Combined diabetes, history of catheter-related infection within 3 months, more than 4 times nursing interventions within 1 month, and central venous disease are the independent risk factors for CRBSI, and the prediction model based on the above factors has good efficacy in predicting the risk of CRBSI and can provide guidance for the prevention and treatment of CRBSI in HD patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932685

ABSTRACT

Powered by big data and artificial intelligence, the research and clinical application of treatment planning automation for radiation therapy are rapidly growing. The application and supervision of planning automation systems necessitate careful consideration of different levels of automation, as well as the context for use. For autonomous vehicles, the levels of automation have been defined at home and abroad. Nevertheless, no such definitions exist for radiotherapy planning automation. To promote and standardize the development of radiotherapy planning automation and initiate discussion within the community, we developed this recommendation with reference to the taxonomy of driving automation for vehicles and divided the radiotherapy planning automation into six levels (level 1 to 6).

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combined with sertraline on post-stroke depression (PSD).Methods:A total of 94 PSD patients admitted Zibo Fifth People's Hospital from June 2018 to June 2020 were selected as the research objects, and they were divided into observation group (47 cases) and control group (47 cases) according the treatment methods. The control group was treated with TMS, and the observation group was treated with TMS combined with sertraline. After treatment of 12 weeks, the clinical effects, neurological function scores, serological indicators, cognitive function and incidence of adverse reactions of the two groups were evaluated and compared.Results:The total effective rate in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: 91.49% (43/47) vs. 72.34% (34/47), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 5.82, P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS) and Hamilton′s Depression Scale -17 (HAMD-17) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group: (5.45 ± 1.97) scores vs. (7.89 ± 2.18) scores, (8.18 ± 2.34) scores vs. (10.27 ± 2.97) scores; the scores of Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: (26.23 ± 3.18) scores vs. (23.42 ± 2.90) scores, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01). After treatment, the level of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the observation group was lower than that in the control group: (8.28 ± 2.78) mg/L vs. (10.76 ± 2.99) mg/L; the level of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in the observation group was higher than that in the control group: (196.12 ± 20.71) μmol/L vs. (177.98 ± 19.94) μmol/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01). After treatment, the scores of cognitive function screening scale (CASI) in the observation group, including attention, orientation, memory, fluency of thinking and language expression were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the two groups had no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:TMS combined with sertraline has a good effect on PSD, which can improve neurological function, serological indicators and cognitive function, with low adverse reactions.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929046

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy uses high-energy X-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells and medical practitioners have used this approach extensively for cancer treatment (Hachadorian et al., 2020). However, it is accompanied by risks because it seriously harms normal cells while killing cancer cells. The side effects can lower cancer patients' quality of life and are very unpredictable due to individual differences (Bentzen, 2006). Therefore, it is essential to assess a patient's body damage after radiotherapy to formulate an individualized recovery treatment plan. Exhaled volatile organic compounds (VOCs) can be changed by radiotherapy and thus used for medical diagnosis (Vaks et al., 2012). During treatment, high-energy X-rays can induce apoptosis; meanwhile, cell membranes are damaged due to lipid peroxidation, converting unsaturated fatty acids into volatile metabolites (Losada-Barreiro and Bravo-Díaz, 2017). At the same time, radiotherapy oxidizes water, resulting in reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can increase the epithelial permeability of pulmonary alveoli, enabling the respiratory system to exhale volatile metabolites (Davidovich et al., 2013; Popa et al., 2020). These exhaled VOCs can be used to monitor body damage caused by radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breath Tests/methods , Exhalation , Quality of Life , Respiratory System/chemistry , Volatile Organic Compounds/analysis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958686

ABSTRACT

Objective:The paper aims to investigate the current situation and influencing factors of clinical research data sharing of gastroenterology collaboration network of Beijing municipal hospitals so as to provide reference basis for establishing data sharing mode of collaboration center.Methods:A total of 13 gastroenterology department of Beijing municipal hospital collaboration network units enrolled the research. Each department selected 10-15 clinicians for a questionnaire survey. A total of 157 valid questionnaires were collected.Results:The awareness rate of public data platform(realized at least one) is 81.5%. The rate of browsing public data platform is 65.6%. The rate of downloading and uploading rare data are 13.4% and 1.3%, respectively. As the level of professional titles increases, the proportion of clinicians realizing and downloading raw data has increased significantly( P<0.05). In this survey, 31.3% clinicians used the sharing data from other hospitals within the research group and 53.5% clinicians indicated that there is the data sharing platform based on hospital information system within their hospital/department. The rate of willing to share clinical data is 73.3%. However, a majority of clinicians are inclined to accept the sharing within the research group/hospital, and they prefer to share their data when their papers or research results are published. Data storage is mainly numerical and text structured data. Sharing risk, sharing platform, sharing system and data itself are the top four factors affecting data sharing. Conclusions:Relevant departments should strive to establish sharing mechanism, build sharing platforms, refine the sharing access qualification and improve the sharing awareness of medical personnel so as to lay a necessary foundation for further open sharing of big data on digestive diseases.

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