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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A3 intertrochanteric fracture is an extremely unstable fracture, which is often treated with intramedullary nail, but the implant failure is common due to the posterior medial fragment cannot be reconstructed. A new medial sustainable nail (MSN-Ⅱ) which can reconstruct the femoral medial support by sustainable screw was introduced in this study. The mechanical effect was verified by biomechanical experiment.@*METHODS@#The loss medial support model of intertrochanteric fracture (A3) was made by artificial Sawbones model, fixed with MSN-Ⅱ and PFNA-Ⅱ, underwent axial loading and axial failure tests. The axial stiffness, yield load, displacement of head-neck fragment and torsional angle of fracture site of these nails were recorded and compared for biomechanical differences. The effect of early reconstruction of medial support with MSN-Ⅱ was determined.@*RESULTS@#The axial stiffness, yield load, the displacement of head and neck fragment when the axial load was 1 800 N and torsional angle of the fracture site after the axial failure test of MSN-Ⅱ were (222.76 ±62.46) N /mm, (4 241.71 ±847.42) N, (11.51 ±0.62) mm, (1.71 ±0.10)° respectively, while the PFNA -Ⅱ was (184.58±40.59) N /mm, (3 058.76±379.63) N, (16.15±1.36) mm, (2.52±0.26)°respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The axial stiffness of MSN-Ⅱ is better than that of PFNA-Ⅱ. The MSN-Ⅱ can bear more loads when fixed A3.3 intertrochanteric fracture and has greater axial and rotational stability. It is an effective means to reconstruct the medial support of A3 intertrochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Bone Screws , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2682-2687, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877826

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fracture is a distinct fracture pattern that is mechanically different from most inter-trochanteric fractures and the optional treatment of it is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare differences in the efficacy of a novel nail (medial support nail [MSN-II]) and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA-II) in the treatment of reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fractures (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesfrogen/Orthopedic Trauma Association [AO/OTA] 31-A3.1) using finite-element analysis.@*METHODS@#Modeling software was used to establish a three-dimensional model of MSN-II and PFNA-II and an A3.1 inter-trochanteric fracture model. Abaqus software was used to implement different force loads to compare finite-element biomechanical parameters such as the maximum stress in implant and the displacement of fracture site.@*RESULTS@#The femoral stress, implant stress and fracture site displacement of MSN-II was less than that of PFNA-II. The results indicated that the maximal femoral stress was 581 MPa for PFNA-II and 443 MPa for the MSN-II. The maximum stress values in the PFNA-II and MSN-II models were 291 and 241 MPa, respectively. The maximal displacements of the fracture site were 1.47 and 1.16 mm in the PFNA-II and MSN-II models, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with PFNA-II for inter-trochanteric fracture (AO/OTA 31-A3.1), MSN-II which was designed with a triangular stability structure can provide better biomechanical stability. The MSN-II may be a feasible option for the treatment of reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Femur , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2524-2533, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803144

ABSTRACT

Background@#Available research about the anatomic patterns of intertrochanteric fractures is lacking, and fracture mapping has not previously been performed on intertrochanteric fractures. This study aimed to determine the major trajectories of intertrochanteric fracture lines using computed tomography data from a series of surgically treated patients.@*Methods@#In this study, 504 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were retrospectively analyzed. Fracture patterns were graded according to Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) classification. Fracture lines were transcribed onto proximal femoral templates and graphically superimposed to create a compilation of fracture maps that were subsequently divided into anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps to create a three-dimensional (3D) pattern by reducing fragments in the 3D models. The fracture maps were then converted into frequency spectra. The major fracture patterns were assessed by focusing on the lateral femoral wall, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric crest, and inner cortical buttress.@*Results@#Anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps were created. The majority of fracture lines (85.9%, 433/504) on the anterior maps were along the intertrochanteric line where the iliofemoral ligament was attached. In the medial plane, the majority of fracture lines (49.0%, 247/504) shown on the frequency spectrum included the turning point involving the third quadrant. In the posterior plane, the majority of fracture lines (52.0%, 262/504) involved the intertrochanteric crest from the greater to the lesser trochanter. In the lateral plane, the majority of fracture lines (62.7%, 316/504) involved the greater trochanter at the gluteus medius attachment.@*Conclusions@#The fracture patterns observed in the present study might be used to describe morphologic characteristics and aid with management strategies. Further classifications or modifications that incorporate the fracture patterns identified in this study may be used in future research.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773246

ABSTRACT

As a topical plaster developed by modern pharmaceutical technology based on traditional Tibetan medicine,Cheezheng Xiaotong Tiegao has functions of promoting blood circulation,relieving swelling and relieving pain. Since its introduction in 1993,it has been widely used in the treatment of various types of acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain and various types of spinal,joint and soft tissue diseases. In order to better standardize the clinical application and improve the clinical efficacy of Cheezheng Xiaotong Tiegao,the research and development work of the Experts consensus statement on Cheezheng Xiaotong Tiegao in clinical practice was officially launched on October 19,2017,upon approval from China Association of Chinese Medicine. In this paper,main R&D process and related technical links for the experts consensus on Cheezheng Xiaotong Tiegao would be summarized,which will help the various medical workers understand,master and apply more accurately,and also provide reference for the development of experts consensus on clinical application of other topical Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Administration, Topical , China , Consensus , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Pain , Pain Management
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2524-2533, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774915

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Available research about the anatomic patterns of intertrochanteric fractures is lacking, and fracture mapping has not previously been performed on intertrochanteric fractures. This study aimed to determine the major trajectories of intertrochanteric fracture lines using computed tomography data from a series of surgically treated patients.@*METHODS@#In this study, 504 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were retrospectively analyzed. Fracture patterns were graded according to Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) classification. Fracture lines were transcribed onto proximal femoral templates and graphically superimposed to create a compilation of fracture maps that were subsequently divided into anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps to create a three-dimensional (3D) pattern by reducing fragments in the 3D models. The fracture maps were then converted into frequency spectra. The major fracture patterns were assessed by focusing on the lateral femoral wall, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric crest, and inner cortical buttress.@*RESULTS@#Anterior, posterior, lateral, and medial fracture maps were created. The majority of fracture lines (85.9%, 433/504) on the anterior maps were along the intertrochanteric line where the iliofemoral ligament was attached. In the medial plane, the majority of fracture lines (49.0%, 247/504) shown on the frequency spectrum included the turning point involving the third quadrant. In the posterior plane, the majority of fracture lines (52.0%, 262/504) involved the intertrochanteric crest from the greater to the lesser trochanter. In the lateral plane, the majority of fracture lines (62.7%, 316/504) involved the greater trochanter at the gluteus medius attachment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The fracture patterns observed in the present study might be used to describe morphologic characteristics and aid with management strategies. Further classifications or modifications that incorporate the fracture patterns identified in this study may be used in future research.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230352

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the characteristics and clinical effect of total hip arthroplasty(THA) for osteoarthritis and (or) avascular necrosis of femoral head after failure of internal fixation of acetabular fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2009 to October 2014, 31 patients (31 hips) with hip traumatic osteoarthritis and (or) femoral head avascular necrosis after failure of internal fixation of acetabular fracture were treated with THA including 26 males and 5 females, who injured when the average age of(41±12) years. THA were performed, and the duration ranged from 3 to 132 months with a mean of(20.6±26.9) months secondary to traumatic osteoarthritis and(or) femoral head avascular necrosis. All THA were performed with posterior-lateral approach. The postoperative complications were observed. VAS and Harris hip scores were compared pre-operation and post-operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-seven cases were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 80 months with a mean of (43.2±11.7) months. One patient had infection around prosthesis. Aseptic loosening occurred in 1 patient, dislocation of prosthesis in 1 patient. No sciatic nerve injury occurred. Hip function and gaits were obviously improved. To the last follow-up, VAS score was decreased from 7.6±1.2 pre-operatively to 1.2±0.9 post-operatively, while the Harris score was improved from 45.5±13.6 pre-operatively to 88.5±7.8 post-operatively, both differences were statistically significant(<0.01). The post-operative ROM of hip was significantly improved compared to pre-operative ROM(<0.05), in addition to extension motion. X-ray showed all the acetabular cups were stable, one femur stem subsided 3 mm. Heterotopic ossification occurred in 2 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Correct dealing with of internal fixation implants, looking out potential infection and reasonable reconstruction of acetabular bone deficiency were the key to the success of THA for osteoarthritis and(or) avascular necrosis of femoral head after failure of internal fixation of acetabular fracture.</p>

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 557-561, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328200

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The treatment for long bone defects has been a hot topic in the field of regenerative medicine. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of calcium sulfate (CS) combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on long bone defect restoration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A radial bone defect model was constructed through an osteotomy using New Zealand rabbits. The rabbits were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10 in each group): a CS combined with PRP (CS-PRP) group, a CS group, a PRP group, and a positive (recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2) control group. PRP was prepared from autologous blood using a two-step centrifugation process. CS-PRP was obtained by mixing hemihydrate CS with PRP. Radiographs and histologic micrographs were generated. The percentage of bone regenerated bone area in each rabbit was calculated at 10 weeks. One-way analysis of variance was performed in this study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The radiographs and histologic micrographs showed bone restoration in the CS-PRP and positive control groups, while nonunion was observed in the CS and PRP groups. The percentages of bone regenerated bone area in the CS-PRP (84.60 ± 2.87%) and positive control (52.21 ± 4.53%) groups were significantly greater than those in the CS group (12.34 ± 2.17%) and PRP group (16.52 ± 4.22%) (P < 0.001). In addition, the bone strength of CS-PRP group (43.10 ± 4.10%) was significantly greater than that of the CS group (20.10 ± 3.70%) or PRP group (25.10 ± 2.10%) (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CS-PRP functions as an effective treatment for long bone defects through stimulating bone regeneration and enhancing new bone strength.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Regeneration , Calcium Sulfate , Pharmacology , Male , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241018

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>TFo compare the efficacy and complications rate of intramedullary (IM) nailing or K-wire versus plating fixation for clavicular fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, CNKI, VIP and Wangfang databases were searched to find all randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials of clavicle fractures using plating versus IM nailing or K-wire. The methodologic quality of the studies was assessed. After independent study selection by 2 authors ,data were collected and extracted independently. Outcomes of postoperative shoulder functional measurement, the efficacy and information of the operation and complications rate were meta-analyzed using RevMan 5 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nine hundreds and seventy-six patients in 10 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 3 quasi-RCTs were involved in the meta-analysis,of which 5 studies compared the K-wire and the plating fixations and 8 studies compared the IM nailing and the plating fixations. The overall odds ratio(OR) (with 95% CI) of the operation efficacy for K-wire versus the plating was 3.79 (1.93, 7.46). The overall weighted mean difference (with 95% CI) of Constant Shoulder score for plating versus IM fixation was -1.39 (-3.43, 0.65) in 6 studies. The overall OR of the plating versus IM nailing was 9.34(2.70, 32.32) for the overall major complications in 5 studies and 5.04 (1.52,16.77) for the revision rate in 5 studies.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The current limited evidences suggested that the IM fixation could reduce the incidences of the overall major complications and the revision surgery, while the post-operative efficacy of the plating was superior to the K-wire. More high quality RCTs are still needed in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Bone Wires , Clavicle , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241013

ABSTRACT

Acetabular is an important human joint for weight bearing. Quadrilateral plate is a crucial structure of medial acetabulum with special morphology and important function. Quadrilateral plate fractures are common fracture in acetabulum. Quadrilateral plate fracture is hard to expose and reduction because it is in the medial of acetabulum. At the same time,the bone in the quadrilateral plate is not easy to fixed for thinning bones and adjacent to the articular cavity. The operator should know well about the anatomy and choose the suitable internal fixation. After quadrilateral plate fractures, the femur head maybe displace medially even break into pelvis. That make reduction and treatment always be a challenge. With different kinds of fractures,the efficacy of treatment is not the same. This paper intend to review the relation of anatomic features,approaches, internal fixations, key point of treatment and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Animals , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Humans
10.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E103-E108, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804268

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the three-dimensional finite element model of the cannulated screws for fixing the femoral neck fracture, and investigate stress distributions on three cannulated screws as well as determine whether internal fixation by a modified cannulated screw can provide sufficient stiffness and strength for the fixation. Methods The 3D finite element model was internal-fixed at the angle of 127°with femoral shaft under the inverted triangle mode to simulate loading on single legged standing condition. Stresses on three screws (No 1: the underneath screw, No 2: the anterosuperior screw, No 3: the posterosuperior screw) were calculated at different Pauwels angle (50°, 60°, 70°, 80°), respectively. A bore was drilled in the screw with the largest stress to study the effect of bore size and bore direction on the femoral neck fracture model with screw fixation. Results The stresses of three screws increased with the Pauwels angle increasing and reached the maximum value at 80°. The maximum stresses on No.1, No.2 and No.3 screw were 304, 515 and 154 MPa, respectively. When the No 2 screw had an opening bore with 1 mm in diameter, and the direction of the bore was not between 150°and 195°, the stresses on three screws were all within the safe limits. Conclusions From the mechanical point of view, three screws are subject to different stresses. The cannulated screws with side bore have good biomechanical properties for fixing the femoral neck fracture with safety and reliability, which can provide advantages for accelerating fracture healing by injecting drugs through the central and side bore into the fracture side.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2337-2342, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322201

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Double plate osteosynthesis is the standard treatment for intra-articular fractures of the distal humerus. However, there is still controversy concerning dual plate positions in terms of providing optimal stability. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical outcomes in patients with type C intra-articular distal humeral fractures using perpendicular and parallel plating methods.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2008 and June 2011, a total of 45 patients with type C distal humerus fractures were treated using two different dual plating methods. Of them, 24 patients were treated by perpendicular plating (group I) and 21 patients were treated by parallel plating (group II). The surgical time, blood loss, and union time were compared between the two groups. The flexion-extension arc, the total range of flexion and extension at the end of follow-up were compared between the two groups. The Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) was used to determine the elbow functional results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up. The mean duration of follow-up was 16 months (range 12 - 25 months) in group I and 15.5 months in group II (range 12 - 25 months). There were no significant differences in the surgical time, blood loss, and the bone union time between the two groups. In group I, the mean elbow flexion-extension arc was 101° and the mean MEPS was 85 points. The rate of excellent and good results was 87.5%. In group II, the mean flexion-extension arc was 100° and the mean MEPS was 86.1 points. The rate of excellent and good results was 90.5%. There were no significant differences in the MEPS, flexion-extension arc, and the total range of flexion and extension between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Perpendicular and parallel plate configurations with the appropriate surgical techniques can provide anatomical reconstruction and stable fixation of type C intra-articular distal humeral fractures and allow early mobilization of the elbow after an operation. The occurrence of post-operative elbow stiffness can be reduced and good outcomes can be obtained.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2343-2347, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322200

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Among the various treatments of neurologically involved unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures, the combination of anterior and posterior instrumentation provides the most stable reconstruction. However, the use of both approaches on a trauma patient may increase the morbidity. This study is a retrospective matched cohort study to evaluate the advantages of a single stage posterior approach for spinal canal decompression in combination with circumferential reconstruction by comparing the clinical and radiographic results.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2005 to September 2009, patients with matched type spinal fracture, ages at surgery, and involved levels in our institute underwent either a single stage posterior approach (group one, n = 12) or traditional combined approach (group two, n = 14) for spinal canal decompression and circumferential reconstruction were reviewed. Pre- and post-operative X-ray flms were reviewed and changes in Cobb angle of thoracolumbar spine were documented. Intra-operative, post-operative, and general complications were registered.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean follow-up was (27.7 ± 9.6) months (range, 14 to 56 months) in group one and (29.2 ± 7.4) months (range, 20 to 60 months) in group two (P > 0.05). The mean operation time was 214 minutes (range, 186 ± 327 minutes) in group one and 284 minutes (range, 219 ± 423 minutes) in group two (P < 0.05). The average volume of intraoperative blood loss was 1856 ml (range, 1250 ± 3480 ml) in group one and 2453 ml (range, 1600 ± 3680 ml) in group two (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference between the groups one and two in average vertebral body height loss at the injured level and the average Cobb angle in sagittal plane before and immediately after surgery. Postoperatively, there was an epidural hematoma in one patient in group one and two patients in group two. Bony union after stabilization was obtained in all patients, without loosening or breakage of screws. Loss of correction (5°) was seen in 1 patient in group one at the 6th month owing to the subsidence of the Titanium mesh cages into the vertebra. In group two, totally four patients suffered respiratory-related complication, including pneumonia in two, severe atelectasis in one and pleural effusions in one. Importantly, there were no intraoperative or postoperative deaths in any group. All patients with incomplete neurologic deficits improved at least 1 Frankel grade.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Single-stage posterior vertebra resection in combination with circumferential reconstruction is a new option to manage severe thoracolumbar burst fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Decompression, Surgical , Methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Operative Time , Radiography , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Rotation , Spinal Canal , General Surgery , Spinal Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353109

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare inhibitory effects of recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein with bisphosphonate treatment (ALN) on osteoclasts activity and bone loss in ovariectomized mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four female KM mice were ovariectomized bilaterally and treated with recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein, alendronate, or PBS. Twelve weeks later, body weight, biochemical markers of bone metabolism, Micro CT scan and bone morphology were examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 12 weeks administration, the Micro CT scan and bone morphology values of each group were as follow. The control group: BMD (92.600 +/- 14.319) mg/cc, Tb.Th (0.094 +/- 0.011) mm, Tb.Sp (0.455 +/- 0.124) mm, BVF 0.192 +/- 0.023, SMI 1.388 +/- 0.328; the recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein group: BMD (133.050 +/- 13.022) mg/cc, Tb.Th (0.098 +/- 0.009) mm, Tb.Sp (0.365 +/- 0.105) mm,BVF (0.291 +/- 0.025)%, SMI 0.661 +/- 0.384; the ALN group: BMD(128.013 +/- 16.040) mg/cc, Tb.Th (0.097 +/- 0.011) mm, Tb.Sp (0.376 +/- 0.104) mm, BVF 0.281 +/- 0.024, SMI 0.753 +/- 0.307. In the ovariectomized mice experiments, both recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein and ALN significantly inhibited ovariectomy-induced bone loss. Compared to the control group (PBS), the recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein group showed increased distal femur BMD and decreased trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp), whereas the control group had significantly decreased distal femur BMD, significantly decreased Tb.Th, and increased Tb.Sp. There was a significant difference in bone volume fraction among the groups. The TRAP-positive osteoclasts in distal femur bone slices were nearly complete inhibited for Recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein group and alendronate group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In vivo, recombinant receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB protein effectively inhibits the activity of osteoclasts and the resulting bone loss, which has a similar effect as alendronate.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Diphosphonates , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Mice , Osteoporosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Ovariectomy , Radiography , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B , Therapeutic Uses
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285958

ABSTRACT

Research on peripheral nervous injuries, especially the stretched injuries, is important to improve the clinical effectiveness and alleviate the patients's pain. In recent years, the biological changes and mechanics of stretched axons have been hot topics. This article reviews the recent advances in the morphological changes of axons as well as changes in cellular membrane, cytoskeleton, cellular metabolism, and action potential after axonal stretch.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Axons , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Membrane , Pathology , Cytoskeleton , Pathology , Humans , Stress, Mechanical
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of hsa-miR-654-5p in repressing bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) mRNA and protein in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs), and explore its regulatory role in osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>hBMSCs in the 4th passage were cultured for 16 h and transfected with hsa-miR-654-5p followed by further culture for 48 h. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to detect the expressions of BMP2 mRNA and protein. Dual-luciferase?reporter gene assay was employed to examine the repression of the BMP2 gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BMP2 mRNA and protein expressions were significantly down-regulated in hBMSCs with hsa-miR-654-5p overexpression. Dualluci-ferase reporter gene assay indicated that the predicted target site of BMP2 was repressed directly by hsa-miR-654-5p, but this repression did not occur at the mutant predicted target site of BMP2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>hsa-miR-654-5p can directly repress the mRNA and protein expressions of BMP2 by binding to a specific target site. The changes in hsa-miR-654-5p can play an important role in osteogenic differentiation regulation of hBMSCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Osteogenesis , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344792

ABSTRACT

Occurance of atrophic nonunion is a complex process. Previous studies suggested that atrophic nonunion was mainly due to lack of blood supply of fracture fragments, but recent studies found that blood supply was not deficiency in middle and late stages, indicating that decreased osteogenic factors and blood supply in early stages might play an important role in morbidity. Current effective treatment measures for atrophic nonunion mainly include bone graft and fixation,physical therapy, local injection therapy. All-round preventive could reduce incidence of atrophic nonunion. Atrophic nonunion is still a troublesome complication of fractures in orthopaedics, and more attention should be paid for its effective prevention and treatment. The paper summarized recent original articles about atrophic nonunion and reviewed the occurrence mechanisms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment measures of this disease.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Pathology , Humans
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2487-2492, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283735

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Operative decision-making of Pilon fractures are of great challenges until now. The aim of this study was to investigate the guidance of the four-column theory in decision-making therapeutic strategies for Pilon fractures and its result.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and ten cases (107 patients) of Pilon fractures classified by the four-column theory and treated by ORIF, were reviewed. According to the four-column classification scheme, lateral column of 85 cases, posterior column of 66 cases, medial column of 77 cases, and anterior column of 61 cases are involved. Among all the 110 cases, single column of 14 cases, two columns of 46 cases, three columns of 17 cases, and all of four columns of 33 cases are involved.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One hundred and eight cases have been followed up. The average follow up time is 14.7 months, varying between 7 and 52 months. The average healing time is 3.6 months, ranging from 2.5 to 8.0 months. Reduction of 86.1% reviewed Pilon cases are good or acceptable according to Burwell and Charley's Radiology Evaluation System. Ankle function of 87.1% cases are excellent or good according to the AOFAS evaluation system.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As a simple and comprehensive classification, the four-column classification can contribute to reasonable operation decision-making and good prognosis of Pilon fracture.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures , Classification , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1261-1265, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671637

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the application of intraoperative Computed Tomograph (CT) using in surgery for complex acetabular fractures.MethodsFrom June 2008 to December 2010,14 patients (9 males,5 females; with the mean age of 45.1 years; range,28-62 years) with complex acetabular fractures were operated using intraoperative CT.Preoperative radiotherapy and CT scan were adopted to evaluate the fractures.Three dimensional reconstruction based on CT scan was used to mimic surgery.The surgery approach and the type of internal fixators were noted.Intraoperative C-arm and CT scan were used to evaluate the fractures reduction respectively.Decision of additional reduction was made by surgeons according to above mentioned methods respectively and the results were noted.Comparing to preoperative design,the change of surgery plan were noted.Overall time,frequency and radiation dose of intraoperative CT scan were also noted.ResultsAll patients in this study received average 2.7 times of intraoperative CT scan.Mean time of CT scan was 40.4 min and the overall dose of radiation was 47.2 mGy.Decision of additional reduction was made in 3 cases according to C-arm radiography and 4 cases according to CT scan (above mentioned 3 cases were included).The change of surgery plan was made in one case.In postoperative radiography evaluation according to Matta's score system,anatomical reduction were achieved in 8 cases,imperfect reduction in 3 cases and poor reduction in 3 cases.ConclusionIntraoperative CT scan increases the radiation time and dose of patients dramatically.When used to evaluate fracture reduction intraoperatively,it can't take the advantage of traditional C-arm radiography.When delicate preoperative plan is made with radiography and three dimensional reconstruction based on CT data,the efficiency of intraoperative CT scan for complex acetabular fractures are to be discussed.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344679

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To design ABC damage variable and positioning system for acetabular fracture and explore the feasibility and clinical practical value of the system through the multi-center analysis of 1122 acetabular fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to acetabular three-column conception, and pelvic ring lesions damage direction caused by acetabular fracture domino effect and injury degree of proximal femur joint, it defined class A as any column acetabular fracture; class B as any two-column acetabular fracture; class C as front, dome and posterior mixture acetabular fracture. Lower case English letters a, m, p represented front, dome, posterior fracture, respectively. Acetabular damage variables: 1 was simple displaced fractures; 2 was comminuted fractures; 3 was compression fractures. Pelvic ring lesions damage variables: alpha was sacroiliac joints or sacroiliac fracture horizontal separation deflection; beta was sacroiliac joints or sacroiliac fracture vertical separation deflection; gamma was pubic symphysis separation/superior and inferior ramus of pubis fracture deflection; alpha beta gamma delta was compound floating damage. Proximal humerus joint damage variables: I was femoral head fracture; II was femoral neck fracture; II was intertrochanteric fractures of femur; IV was I to III compound fracture. The ABC damage variable positioning system for acetabular fracture was made up by the above-mentioned variables. The statistics from March 1997 to February 2010 showed 1122 cases acetabular fractures with 18 cases of double side acetabular fracture and 1140 cases of acetabular fractures. The pelvics anterior-posterior view, ilium and obturator oblique view, and 2/3D-CT materials were analyzed and researched.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Each damage variables distribution situation in 1140 cases of acetabular fracture involved A in 237 cases (20.8%), B in 605 cases (53.1%), C in 298 cases (26.1%);front column fracture in 808 cases(70.9%), dome fracture in 507 cases (44.5%), posterior fracture in 1026 cases (90%). Acetabular variables: variabe 1 in 203 cases of simple displaced fracture (17.8%); variabe 2 in 516 cases of comminuted fracture(45.3%); variabe 3 in 421 cases of compression fracture (36.9%); 249 cases of pelvic ring lesions damage (21.8%), 75 cases femoral head fracture (6.6%); 18 cases of double side acetabular fracture and relative pelvic ring and proximal humerus joint variables (1.58%). Key part and curative effect elements of 1140 cases acetabular fracture: 507 cases of dome or posterior acetabular fracture (44.5%); 421 cases of compression fracture (36.9%); 249 cases of pelvic ring variables (21.8%); 75 cases of proximal humerus joint variables (6.6%); 486 cases of simple Aa/pl/2,Bapl/2 acetabular fracture (42.6% ).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compression fracture, especially defected compression fracture, takes important part in acetabular damage variables, and also presents that acetabular fracture with pelvic ring and proximal femoral damage variables are not rare at all. The relationship of the acetabular fracture damage variables, and its percentage shows the key points and elements in clinical treatment: weight-bearing to dome accounts for 44.5%; compression to defects account for 36.9%, pelvic ring to float accounts for 21.8%; dome fracture to double side fracture account for 6.6%. The system has significant guiding effects on clinic in terms of evaluation of injury severity, anatomic localization, difficulty index, alternative strategy, operative approach, effect of treatment,and prognosis. And the most important thing is that the system creates the comparison of damage variables in same type of fracture and the communication of homo-language and explores a new method.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Fractures, Bone , Classification , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Male , Medical Informatics , Methods , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 647-650, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360769

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report the clinical outcome of the treatment of compound ankle fractures by vacuum sealing drainage and spanning external fixator.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2005 to April 2009, 19 cases of Gustilo type III compound ankle fractures were treated, with type IIIA in 10 cases, Type IIIB in 7 and Type IIIC in 2. All cases underwent emergency debridement, and had the fractures fixed with spanning external fixator following indirect reduction, the wound closed with vacuum sealing drainage and repaired through direct suture, split-thickness skin graft or flap transposition.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In this series, following VSD of 5.0 to 18.0 d (mean 10.3 d), 2 cases had their wounds closed by direct suture, 12 by skin graft and 3 by flap transposition. The other 2 cases had repeated wound debridement and multiple use of VSD, and had their wounds repaired by flap transposition. All the 19 cases were followed up for 8 to 36 months with an average of 26 months. All the fractures united 3.0 to 10.0 (mean 3.8) months. At the final follow-up functional evaluation of the affected ankle joints was performed only to find excellent in 9 cases, good in 5, fair in 4 and poor in 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Gustilo type III compound ankle fracture can effectively be treated with VSD and spanning external fixator.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle Injuries , General Surgery , External Fixators , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fractures, Open , General Surgery , Humans , Middle Aged , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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