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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505941


Objective To introduce a self-developed computer-assisted design/rapid prototyping and guidance system used for precise placement of the acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty.Methods We collected the preoperative pelvic CT scanning data of 10 hips with aeetabular dysplasia that had undergone primary total hip arthroplasty from January 2016 to January 2017.The total time for import of radiographic images,model reconstruction,model segmentation,acetabular component position design and STL model export was calculated and compared between our self-designed software and Mimics vl 7.0.Three kinds of STL model from each case were imported into our self-developed 3D printing device,Stratasys Objet30 and Stratasys Demension SST1200es respectively for rapid prototyping.The printing efficiency and accuracy were compared among the 3 printers.The accuracy of placing acetabular component with guidance system was evaluated.Results The average time forpreoperative planningwas7.7±1.3 minbyourself-designedsoftware and 52.5 ± 15.9 min by Mimics v17.0,showing a significant difference (P < 0.001).In morphological point-based comparison for each case,the 3D models exported by the 2 different kinds of software showed an average difference of 0.072 1 ± 0.069 1 mm.The average durations for rapid prototyping by the 3 different printers were 5.3 ± 0.6 h,10.8 ± 0.5 h,and 9.3 ± 0.6 h,respectively,showing significant differences (P < 0.001).The guidance system resulted in precise placement.The locations of the acetabular component achieved by guide-assisted placement were not significantly different from the target ones (P > 0.05).Conelusion Our self-developed preoperative planning software,rapid prototyping device and guidance apparatus for acetabular component placement may lead to good accuracy and high efficiency.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444088


BACKGROUND:Total hip arthroplasty is known to be a successful surgical procedure to al eviate hip pain and to regain gait ability, but there are many debates on whether patients’ gait could reach a normal level several years later. OBJECTIVE:To investigate spatiotemporal parameter characters of lower extremities in patients during walking in sequela period fol owing unilateral total hip arthroplasty, and to probe into patients’ walking abilities. METHODS:In accordance with the method of Case Database Data Analysis detected by Motion Reconstruction Laboratory, 14 patients at 5-10 years after total hip arthroplasty served as the experimental group, and 14 matched healthy persons served as the control group. Gait parameters of lower extremities during walking were col ected by Vicon Nexus. Spatiotemporal parameter characters of lower extremities during gait cycle were analyzed by using Polygon. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the control group, walking speed, cadence, stride length and step length decreased, but double support and opposite foot off increased on both affected and unaffected sides in the experimental group (P0.05). The results suggested that gaits of patients showed good gait symmetry at 5-10 years after surgery. However, they do not reach the level that observed in healthy subjects, and walking ability was poorer than normal persons. Systematic rehabilitation training is needed to improve walking ability.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1225-1230, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462363


Objective To investigate the effect of selectively upward placement of acetabular implants on limb length and post?operative function of developmental dysplasia of the hip patients with shortened legs during total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods Twenty?six cases of developmental dysplasia of the hip received THA between January 2008 and December 2013, in?cluding 12 cases of Crowe typeⅠ, 8 of Crowe typeⅡ, 6 of Crowe typeⅢ. There were 5 males and 21 females with an average age of 62.7 years (range, 36-80 years). The left hip was involved in 9 cases and the right hip in 17 cases. The preoperative mean Har?ris score was 42.30±12.84, and the preoperative mean WOMAC score was 59.08±13.84 at the last follow?up. The anteroposterior X?ray films and CT scan of the pelvis, anteroposterior and lateral X?ray films of the femur, and TraumaCad analysis were conducted routinely preoperation. More than 70%of the bone?implant interface was covered by appropriate upward distance of acetabular im?plant. Results The follow?up time ranged from 6 to 73 months (mean, 36 months). The Harris score improved to 91.18±7.09, and WOMAC score reduced to 9.85±3.75. According to postoperative measurement, affected limb had been lengthened by 0-5 mm in 8 cases, 6-10 mm in 5 cases, 11-15 mm in 5 cases,>15 mm in 7 cases, and shortening increased 1 mm in 1 case, but the average lengthening was 9.23±7.54 mm. The upward distance of acetabular implant was 0-5 mm in 10 cases, 6-10 mm in 7 cases and>10 mm in 9 cases. The average lengthening was 6.60±6.72 mm in patients having 0-5 mm upward distance, 11.90±5.64 mm in patients having 6-10 mm upward distance and 10.11 ± 9.35 mm in patients having>15 mm upward distance, showing no significant differ?ence. The leg length discrepancy was-3.70±6.43 mm in patients having 0-5 mm upward distance, 1.71±6.24 mm in patients having 6-10 mm upward distance and 0.56 ± 7.70 mm in patients having>15 mm upward distance, showing no significant difference. Con?clusion The limb length could be improved by selectively upward placement of acetabular implants in developmental dysplasia of the hip patients with anatomically abnormal acetabulum during THA, with reasonable preoperative design and corrective operation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441736


BACKGROUND:The molecular mechanism of periprosthesis osteolysis is not yet completely clear. Periprosthetic osteolysis and absorption is the pathological and physiological process typical of artificial joint loosening. Interleukin-1 can affect bone resorption process through a mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling pathway. OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects of siRNA-induced interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-4 gene (IRAK-4) silence on MAPK expression in MG63 cells, which may provide experimental basis for treatment and prevention of periprosthesis osteolysis. METHODS:The siRNA sequences of the target gene, IRAK-4, were constructed and transferred into MG63 cells using Lipofectamine 2000. There were three groups:blank group=MG63 cells, control group=MG63 cells transfected with scrambled IRAK-4siRNA, and silence group=MG63 cells transfected with specific IRAK-4 siRNA. The protein level of extracellular regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38MAPK) were detected by western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The expression of IRAK-4 mRNA and protein in the silence group was significantly decreased compared with the control group. Compared with the blank and control groups, 48 hours after the transfection, IRAK-4 gene silencing in MG63 cells decreased protein expression of p-JNK1/2P46, p-ERK1/2 and p-p38MAPK (P<0.05). IRAK-4 silencing inhibited ERK, JNK and p38MAPK expression in osteoblast-like cells.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403560


BACKGROUND: Acetabular cup orientation using a standard radiograph of the pelvis is quite common method to assess artificial hip replacement nowadays. Non-standardization of pelvic orientation affected accuracy of measurement results, and it is difficult to compare. OBJECTIVE: To make sure how pelvis tilting affect the anteveration of the cup and to elevate clinical accuracy and compare study comparability. METHODS: Designed a simulated acetabular cup with serial concentric circles which pass through the same polars and represent anteveration of 0°, 10°, 20°, 30°, 40°, Loaded the simulated acetabular cup at an inclination of 35°, 40°, 45°, 50°, 55° to6 cadaver pelves, Made the pelves tilt around the frontal axis and sagittal axis with 5° each time in a scope of+30°. Takestandard radiograph of the pelvis accordingly. Radiograph was photographed end frontal angle of dip was measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Pelvic tilt of about 1° causes measuring errors of anteveration 0. 61 °-0. 73°. The anteveration decreased at both acetabular cups when pelvic posterior tilt and at the acetabular cup that near the X-ray source as pelvic lateral tilt. The anteveration rose at both acetabular cups when pelvic anterior tilt and at the acetabular cup that away from the X-ray source as pelvic lateral tilt. During clinical evaluation, pelvic orientation effects on measurement results should be considered.