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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 414-422, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and safety of 100 units of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) intradetrusor injection in patients with overactive bladder.Methods:From April 2016 to December 2018, 17 tertiary hospitals were selected to participate in this prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Two phases of study were conducted: the primary phase and the extended phase. This study enrolled patients aged 18 to 75 years who had been inadequately managed by anticholinergic therapy (insufficient efficacy or intolerable side effects) and had spontaneous voiding with overactive bladder. Exclusion criteria included patients with severe cardiac, renal and hepatic disorders, patients with previous botulinum toxin treatment for 6 months or allergic to BTX-A, patients with urinary tract infections, patients with urinary stones, urinary tract tumors, diabetes mellitus, and bleeding tendency. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to BTX-A group and placebo control group in a ratio of 2∶1. Two groups of patients received 20 intradetrusor injections of BTX-A 100U or placebo at the depth of the submucosal muscle layer respectively under cystoscope, including 5 injections at the base of the bladder, 3 injections to the bladder triangle, 5 injections each to the left and right walls and 2 injections to the top, sparing the bladder neck. As a placebo control group, patients received same volume of placebo containing no BTX-A and only adjuvant freeze-dried preparations for injection with the same method. A combination of gelatin, sucrose, and dextran served as adjuvants. Average micturition times per 24 hours, urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per day, average micturition volume per day, OAB symptom score(OABSS), and quality of life (QOL) score were recorded at baseline and the 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week after treatment. The secondary efficacy endpoints included the change from baseline in the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week, as well as the change from baseline in the OABSS, QOL score, average frequency of urgency and UI episodes per day, urgency score, average micturition volume per day at 2nd, 6th and 12th week after treatment. Patients were followed for 12 weeks to assess adverse events (AEs). After assessed at week 12, if the micturition times has decreased less than 50% compared to baseline and the patient is willing to receive retreatment, then patients could enter the extended trial phase. In that phase, patients in both groups were injected with 100 units BTX-A from 12th week onwards and then followed up the same indicators for 12 weeks.Results:216 patients were enrolled in this trial (144 cases in the BTX-A group and 72 cases in the placebo control group). Baseline characteristics such as age (47.75±14.20 in the BTX-A group and 46.39±15.55 in the control group), sex (25 male/117 female in the BTX-A group and 10/61 in the control group), and disease duration (0.51 years in the BTX-A group and 0.60 years in the control group) were balanced between the two groups( P>0.05). A marked reduction from baseline in average micturition times per 24 hours was observed in all treatment groups at the 6th week and the reduction of the two groups was statistically different ( P<0.001 and P=0.008 respectively). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at the 6th week decreased from baseline by 2.40(0.70, 4.60)times for the BTX-A group and 0.70(-1.00, 3.30) times for the placebo control group respectively, and the difference between the two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.003). The change rates of average micturition times per 24 hours from baseline at the 6th week of the two groups were (16±22)% and (8±25)% respectively, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.014). Compared with the baseline, the average micturition times per 24 hours at 2nd and 12th week decreased by 2.00(0.00, 4.00)and 3.30(0.60, 5.03)for the BTX-A group, 1.00(-1.00, 3.00)and 1.70(-1.45, 3.85)for the placebo control group respectively. The difference between two groups was considered to be statistically significant ( P=0.038 and P=0.012); the changes of average urgency times per day for the BTX-A group and the control group at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week were 2.00(0.00, 4.30)and 2.40(0.30, 5.00), 3.00(0.30, 5.70)and 0.70(-1.30, 2.70), 0.70(-1.30, 3.00) and 1.35(-1.15, 3.50), respectively. There were significant differences between two groups at the 2nd, 6th and 12th week, ( P=0.010, P=0.003 and P=0.025, respectively). The OABSS of the BTX-A group and the control group at the 6th week decreased by 1.00(0.00, 4.00)and 0.50(-1.00, 2.00) compared with the baseline, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P=0.003). 47 cases of BTX-A group and 34 cases of placebo control group entered the extended trial phase, and 40 and 28 cases completed the extended trial phase, respectively. The average micturition volume per 24 hours changed by -16.60(-41.60, -0.60)ml and -6.40(-22.40, 13.30)ml, (-35.67±54.41)ml and(-1.76±48.69)ml, (-36.14±41.51)ml and (-9.28±44.59)ml, (-35.85±43.35)ml and(-10.41±40.29)ml for two groups at the 12th, 14th, 18th and 24th week, and the difference between two groups was statistically significant at each follow-up time ( P=0.01, 0.006, 0.012 and 0.016, respectively). There was no significant difference in other parameters( P>0.05). However, adverse reactions after intradetrusor injection included increased residual urine volume (27 in the BTX-A group and 3 in the control group), dysuria (21 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), urinary infection (19 in the BTX-A group and 6 in the control group), bladder neck obstruction (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), hematuria (3 in the BTX-A group and 1 in the control group), elevated alanine aminotransferase (3 in the BTX-A group and 0 in the control group), etc. During the follow-up period, there was no significant difference in the other adverse events between two groups except the increase of residual urine volume( P<0.05). In the primary trial phase, among the 27 cases with increased residual urine volume in BTA group, only 1 case (3.70%) with PVR more than 300 ml; the PVR of 3 patients in the placebo group was less than 100 ml. The increase of residual urine volume caused by the injection could be improved or disappeared with the passage of time. Conclusions:Intradetrusor injection of Chinese BTX-A improved the average micturition times per 24 hours, the average daily urgent micturition times, OABSS, and average micturition volume per time, and reduced the adverse effects in patients with overactive bladder.Chinese BTX-A at dose of 100U demonstrated durable efficacy and safety in the management of overactive bladder.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical effects of urokinase thrombolytic therapy for optic artery occlusion (OAO) and retinal artery occlusion (RAO) caused by facial microinjection with hyaluronic acid and spontaneous RAO.@*Methods@#From January 2014 to February 2018, 22 eyes of 22 patients with OAO and RAO caused by facial microinjection of hyaluronic acid who received treatment in Xi'an Fourth Hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study (hyaluronic acid group). Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients with spontaneous RAO were selected as the control group. The BCVA examination was performed using the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into logMAR visual acuity. FFA was used to measure arm-retinal circulation time (A-Rct) and filling time of retinal artery and its branches (FT). Meanwhile, MRI examination was performed. There were significant differences in age and FT between the two groups (t=14.840, 3.263; P=0.000, 0.003). The differecens of logMAR visual acuity, onset time and A-Rct were not statistically significant between the two groups (t=0.461, 0.107, 1.101; P=0.647, 0.915, 0.277). All patients underwent urokinase thrombolysis after exclusion of thrombolytic therapy. Among the patients in the hyaluronic acid group and control group, there were 6 patients of retrograde ophthalmic thrombolysis via the superior pulchlear artery, 6 patients of retrograde ophthalmic thrombolysis via the internal carotid artery, and 10 patients of intravenous thrombolysis. FFA was reviewed 24 h after treatment, and A-Rct and FT were recorded. Visual acuity was reviewed 30 days after treatment. The occurrence of adverse reactions during and after treatment were observed. The changes of logMAR visual acuity, A-Rct and FT before and after treatment were compared between the two groups using ttest.@*Results@#At 24 h after treatment, the A-Rct and FT of the hyaluronic acid group were 21.05±3.42 s and 5.05±2.52 s, which were significantly shorter than before treatment (t=4.569, 2.730; P=0.000, 0.000); the A-Rct and FT in the control group were 19.55±4.14 s and 2.55±0.91 s, which were significantly shorter than before treatment (t=4.114, 7.601; P=0.000, 0.000). There was no significant difference in A-Rct between the two groups at 24 h after treatment (t=1.311, P=0.197). The FT difference was statistically significant between the two groups at 24 h after treatment (t=4.382, P=0.000). There was no significant difference in the shortening time of A-Rct and FT between the two groups (t=0.330, 0.510; P=0.743, 0.613). At 30 days after treatment, the logMAR visual acuity in the hyaluronic acid group and the control group were 0.62±0.32 and 0.43±0.17, which were significantly higher than those before treatment (t=2.289, 5.169; P=0.029, 0.000). The difference of logMAR visual acuity between the two groups after treatment was statistically significant (t=2.872, P=0.008). The difference in logMAR visual acuity before and after treatment between the two groups was statistically significant (t=2.239, P=0.025). No ocular or systemic adverse reactions occurred during or after treatment in all patients.@*Conclusions@#Urokinase thrombolytic therapy for OAO and RAO caused by facial microinjection with hyaluronic acid and spontaneous RAO is safe and effective, with shortening A-Rct, FT and improving visual acuity. However, the improvement of visual acuity after treatment of OAO and RAO caused by facial microinjection with hyaluronic acid is worse than that of spontaneous RAO.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756355

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the pathogen characteristics and related factors of nosocomial infection in adult ICU pa-tients after cardiac surgery, and provide a basis for the rational and standardized use of antibiotics and the control of nosocomial infection.Methods Patients in ICU after adult cardiac surgery from January 2015 to December 2017 were studied.Through the nosocomial infection monitoring and reporting system(HIS and LIS system), data of infected sites, specimens, pathogen and drug-sensitivity results were recorded, and the clinical data were collected and the related factors of nosocomial infection af-ter cardiac surgery were analyzed.Results 213 patients with nosocomial infections were diagnosed , and the nosocomial infec-tion rate was 3.59%.There were 261 cases of nosocomial infection, with a total infection cases rate of 4.39%.232 strains of pathogen were detected.Gram-negative bacteria173 strains(74.57%), klebsiella pneumoniae and acinetobacterbaumannii ac-count for 65(28.07%) and 37(15.95%)strains respectively.35 strains of gram-positive bacteria account for 15.08%, 12 strains of staphylococcus aureus account for 5.17%.24 strains of fungi account for 10.34%, 12 strains of candida albicans(5. 17%) were the most.The resistance rates of klebsiella pneumoniae to amoxicillin/kclavitrate, piperasil/tazobatan, tigacy-cline, tobramycin, and impenan were all<10%.Acinetobacter baumannii show high resistance rate to commonly used antibi-otics other than tigacycline(2.70%).The resistance rates of staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus epidermis to vancomy-cin and linazolamide were 0.Logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative and postoperative stroke, secondary endotra-cheal intubation, postoperative low cardiac output, postoperative stroke, mechanical ventilation time >48 h, and postoperative ICU stay>72 h were related factors of postoperative nosocomial infection .Conclusion The main pathogen of nosocomial in-fection in ICU after adult cardiac surgery is gram-negative bacteria.Klebsiella pneumoniae, the most common bacteria, has a low resistance rate to antibiotics, while the secondary acinetobacter baumannii has a high resistance rate .According to the fac-tors related to nosocomial infection after cardiac surgery , prevention measures should be formulated .According to the results of pathogen and drug sensitivity, antimicrobial drugs should be selected reasonably so as to postoperative nosocomial infection and the occurrence of drug-resistant strains could be controlled effectively .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824892

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects ofurokinase thrombolytic therapy for optic artery occlusion (OAO) and retinal artery occlusion (RAO) caused by facial microinjection with hyaluronic acid and spontaneous RAO.Methods From January 2014 to February 2018,22 eyes of 22 patients with OAO and RAO caused by facial microinjection of hyaluronic acid who received treatment in Xi'an Fourth Hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study (hyaluronic acid group).Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients with spontaneous RAO were selected as the control group.The BCVA examination was performed using the international standard visual acuity chart,which was converted into logMAR visual acuity.FFA was used to measure arm-retinal circulation time (A-Rct) and filling time of retinal artery and its branches (FT).Meanwhile,MRI examination was performed.There were significant differences in age and FT between the two groups (t=14.840,3.263;P=0.000,0.003).The differecens of logMAR visual acuity,onset time and A-Rct were not statistically significant between the two groups (t=0.461,0.107,1.101;P=0.647,0.915,0.277).All patients underwent urokinase thrombolysis after exclusion of thrombolytic therapy.Among the patients in the hyaluronic acid group and control group,there were 6 patients of retrograde ophthalmic thrombolysis via the superior pulchlear artery,6 patients of retrograde ophthalmic thrombolysis via the internal carotid artery,and 10 patients of intravenous thrombolysis.FFA was reviewed 24 h after treatment,and A-Rct and FT were recorded.Visual acuity was reviewed 30 days after treatment.The occurrence of adverse reactions during and after treatment were observed.The changes of logMAR visual acuity,A-Rct and FT before and after treatment were compared between the two groups using ttest.Results At 24 h after treatment,the A-Rct and FT of the hyaluronic acid group were 21.05 ± 3.42 s and 5.05± 2.52 s,which were significantly shorter than before treatment (t=4.569,2.730;P=0.000,0.000);the A-Rct and FT in the control group were 19.55 ± 4.14 s and 2.55± 0.91 s,which were significantly shorter than before treatment (t=4.114,7.601;P=0.000,0.000).There was no significant difference in A-Rct between the two groups at 24 h after treatment (t=l.311,P=0.197).The FT difference was statistically significant between the two groups at 24 h after treatment (t=4.382,P=0.000).There was no significant difference in the shortening time of A-Rct and FT between the two groups (t=0.330,0.510;P=0.743,0.613).At 30 days after treatment,the logMAR visual acuity in the hyaluronic acid group and the control group were 0.62± 0.32 and 0.43± 0.17,which were significantly higher than those before treatment (t=2.289,5.169;P=0.029,0.000).The difference of logMAR visual acuity between the two groups after treatment was statistically significant (t=2.872,P=0.008).The difference in logMAR visual acuity before and after treatment between the two groups was statistically significant (t=2.239,P=0.025).No ocular or systemic adverse reactions occurred during or after treatment in all patients.Conclusions Urokinase thrombolytic therapy for OAO and RAO caused by facial microinjection with hyaluronic acid and spontaneous RAO is safe and effective,with shortening A-Rct,FT and improving visual acuity.However,the improvement of visual acuity after treatment of OAO and RAO caused by facial microinjection with hyaluronie acid is worse than that of spontaneous RAO.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746187

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the occurrence of CNV in patients presenting with flat irregular pigment epithelial detachments (FIPED).Methods Forty-five patients (49 eyes) with FIPED on OCT were enrolled in this retrospective study.There were 25 males (28 eyes) and 20 females (21 eyes).The mean age was 61.022±9.292 years.FFA,ICGA,spectral domain OCT and OCT angiography (OCTA) were performed in all patients during the same period.The FIPED was defined as an irregular elevation of the RPE allowing distinct visualization of Bruch's membrane on OCT B-scan.The abnormal vascular signals from the deep retinal layer to the choroid layer on OCTA was defined as CNV.The CNV was classified into a type 1 CNV and a type 2 CNV according to the OCT characteristics.The CNV was classified into a typical and occult CNV according to the characteristics of the FFA image.Of all 49 eyes,fundus angiography revealed 18 eyes (36.7%) with CNV,and 31 eyes (63.3%) with no characteristic signs of CNV.FFA examination found that CNV in 8 eyes (classic CNV in 1 eyes,occult CNV in 7 eyes),which confirmed by OCT were type 1 CNV;transmitted fluorescence in 41 eyes.ICGA examination showed that CNV-like hyperfluorescence spots in 18 eyes,suspicious hyperfluorescence spots in late stage in 20 eyes,and choroidal high permeability in 11 eyes,respectively;and 18 CNV eyes were confirmed to be type 1 CNV by OCT.To compare the detection of CNV by OCTA and fundus angiography.Results Of the 49 eyes with FIPED,OCTA detected 36 eyes (73.5%) of type 1 CNV,and full or partial strong reflex signals were seen in FIPED;13 eyes (26.5%) were not associated with CNV,and some strong reflection signals were found in FIPED in 9 eyes,4 eyes with weak reflection signal.The FFA was examined for 1,7 eyes of the classic and occult CNV,which confirmed to be type 1 CNV by OCTA.Among the 18 eyes with CNV which detected by ICGA,OCTA also found type 1 CNV.Among the 20 eyes with ICGA's late suspicious strong fluorescent spots,OCTA showed 17 eyes of type 1 CNV;in 11 eyes with high choroidal permeability,OCTA showed type 1 CNV in 1 eye.Among the 36 eyes with CNV which detected by OCT,there were SRD in 32 eyes,no SRD in 2 eyes and retinal interlamellar cavities in 2 eyes.Conclusion OCTA can detect 73.5% of FIPED eyes with CNV.Compared with traditional fundus angiography,OCTA has a higher detection rate of CNV under FIPED.The FIPED of the internal strong reflection signal has a certain diagnostic value for the type 1 CNV.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711780

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of different processing techniques to priming and the prognosis in infants dur-ing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB).Methods 90 cases of pediatric patients under 5kg undergoing CPB open heart surgery were randomly selected, in group A(n=30), stored blood was added to the reservoir after crystalloid prim-ing, then zero balanced ultrafiltration(ZBUF) for the mixed priming solution; in group B(n=30), stored blood was cleaned by cell saver first, then added to the reservoir; in group C(n=30) , ZBUF technique was combined with cell saver for the priming.Modified ultrafiltration(MUF) was set up afer weaning bypass in all three groups, crystalloid solution was added to the reservoir to replace the residual blood to the patients.The general information, the quality and processing time of the mixed priming solution, the lactate level, free hemoglobin(f-Hb), inflammatory factor(IL-6/TNF-α) from T0 to T4, the positive ino-tropic drug lasting time , mechanical ventilation time and ICU time were all recorded .Results There were no statistical differ-ences among 3 groups for general condition.The lactate, f-Hb, IL-6 and TNF-αlevel in B and C group from T1 to T4 was sig-nificantly lower than A group , but no statistical meaning between B and C group .B and C group can significantly reduced the positive inotropic drug lasting time , mechanical ventilation time and ICU time .Conclusion To infants, blood priming pretrea-ted by cell saver can improve the quality of blood protection significantly than traditional ZBUF , also get labor saving and time saving effects, finally improve the prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 901-903, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics,early diagnosis,and rational treatments of traumatic renal artery thrombosis or other traumatic emboli.Methods We summarized the clinical data of 10 patients with traumatic renal artery thrombosis or other traumatic emboli.Results Six of ten patients had left renal artery thrombosis,while four of the ten patients had right renal artery thrombosis.Ultrasonography reported a reduced blood flow signal in one patient,and then renal artery embolism was confirmed by enhanced CT.The other nine patients were directly definitely diagnosed as renal artery embolism by enhanced CT.Four patients were treated with low molecular weight heparin calcium,in whom the CT follow-up showed no obvious blood reperfusion in injured kidneys,but the renal function was in normal range.Renal hypertension occurred in two patients,and one of them received nephrectomy because of poorly controlled hypertension with medication.Conclusions Clinical symptoms,signs and laboratory examinations show no specific findings for diagnosis of traumatic renal artery thrombosis.The color Doppler ultrasound is a preliminary screening method for,and an enhanced CT scan is an effective method for,diagnosis of renal artery thrombosis.The early recovery of renal blood circulation is an evidence of effective treatment.Major concerns are supposed to focus on renal function and blood pressure during followup.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 342-345, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703651

ABSTRACT

Objective Mouse models of sepsis-induced myocardial injury by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was established in order to provide a reliable method for the research of pathogenesis of sepsis-induced myocardial injury. Methods According to the method of random number table, a total of 150 male C57BL/6 mice were divided into five groups: NC group, sham group, and LPS 10, 12, 15 mg/kg groups, with 30 in each group. Septic myocardial injury was induced by intraperitoneal injection LPS in mice; sham group was injected with equal 0.9% saline; while there was no treatment in mice of NC group. Fifteen of the 30 mice in each group were used to observe the general status of mice before and after LPS or saline injection. Twenty-four hours after LPS or saline injection, the left ventricular function was assessed by echocardiography, serum level of cardiac troponin (cTnI) was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the cardiac histomorphology and ultrastructure were observed; the other 15 mice were used to monitor the 7-day mortality after LPS or saline injection. Results The mice challenged to LPS displayed symptoms of sepsis, such as depression, ruffled fur, and diarrhea. Compared with NC group, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fraction shortening (LVFS) were significantly decreased at 24 hours after LPS administration in LPS 10, 12, 15 mg/kg groups [LVEF: 0.459±0.044, 0.432±0.034, 0.348±0.064 vs. 0.588±0.019, LVFS: (22.36±2.60)%, (20.78±1.91)%, (16.27±3.31)% vs. (30.55±1.30)%, all P < 0.01], and cTnI levels were significantly increased (ng/L: 270.40±43.50, 281.14±41.79, 298.39±42.05 vs. 192.59±16.90, all P <0.01). Myocardium injury was observed in three LPS groups, myocardial fibrosis, interstitial edema, erythrocyte leakage and infiltrating inflammatory cells were observed under light-microscope; ultrastructural changes disorderly arranged in cardiac muscle fibers, mitochondrial swelling and even partly missing mitochondria cristae were found under transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the higher of the dose, the more sever of the damage. There was no significant difference between sham group and NC group. The 7-day mortality in LPS 10, 12, 15 mg/kg groups were 33.3%, 53.3% and 86.7%, respectively, while no death in the NC group and sham group. Conclusion For establishing the mouse model of sepsis-induced myocardial injury, intraperitoneal injection with 12 mg/kg LPS is a preferable choice in our research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615788

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze the efficacy of intravenous levosimendan in the treatment of acute cardiac failure after cardiac surgery. Methods The study of the 80 cases of acute heart failure in patients undergoing cardiac surgery after treatment in March 2014 to March 2017, the patients were monitored in the treatment before and after treatment of 24 h heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction, mean arterial pressure and central venous pressure and other related indicators. Results Of all patients, 58 survived after treatment, and 22 died during or after treatment. Compared with before treatment, after treatment of 24 h in left ventricular ejection fraction in patients, mean arterial pressure, central venous and changes in heart rate were significantly improved, data between the two groups had significant difference compared with statistical significance(P<0.05). In 8 patients, transient blood pressure reduction occurred during treatment, but symptoms disappeared after taking appropriate measures, and other patients had no more severe adverse reactions. Conclusion According to the method of intravenous levosimendan in treatment of acute heart failure in patients undergoing cardiac surgery after treatment can make the patient's cardiac function improved, has a significant effect on the prognosis of patients, should have a relatively high value.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 353-357, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511372

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether mixed venous-arterial carbon dioxide difference (Pv-aCO2) combined with passive leg raising (PLR) could better guide volume management for patients post off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods Eighty patients experienced OPCABG, and admitted to Tianjin Chest Hospital from June 1st to October 1st in 2016 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups: observation group given Pv-aCO2 combined with PLR directed therapy and control group given central venous pressure (CVP) directed therapy, 40 cases in each group. The difference in body temperature (T), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), CVP, oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), Pv-aCO2, blood lactate (Lac), fluid intake, scores of the vasoactive agents at 6 hours post-operation, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) of 24 hours, mechanical ventilation time, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and hospitalization time were compared. The correlation between Pv-aCO2 and cardiac index (CI), Pv-aCO2 and Lac were analyzed by Spearman analysis in observation group.Results The T, HR, MAP, CVP, PaO2/FiO2, SvO2 and Lac at 6 hours post-operation were higher than those at admission in two groups, and Pv-aCO2 were significantly decreased. The SvO2 and fluid intake in observation group were higher than those in control group [SvO2: 0.671±0.068 vs. 0.634±0.052, fluid intake (mL): 454±151 vs. 304±106, bothP < 0.05], Pv-aCO2, Lac and scores of the vasoactive agents were lower than those in control group [Pv-aCO2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 6.1±1.8 vs. 7.0±1.8, Lac (mmol/L): 1.7±0.5 vs. 2.8±0.6, scores of the vasoactive agents: 3.18±1.01 vs. 4.48±1.50, allP < 0.05], mechanical ventilation time and the length of ICU stay were less than those in the control group (hours: 16.52±6.41 vs. 21.96±9.00, 45.51±9.36 vs. 51.76±13.66, bothP< 0.05). There was no significant difference in SOFA, hospitalization time between the two groups. There was negative correlation with Pv-aCO2 and CI (r = -0.752,P < 0.01), and no correlation with Pv-aCO2 and Lac (r = -0.154,P = 0.171).Conclusion Pv-aCO2 combined with PLR can better guide volume management in the patients post OPCABG, reduce the usage of vasoactive agents and decrease the mechanical ventilation time and the length of ICU stay.

11.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 631-634,635, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601459

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation of carotid artery stenosis(CAS)with postoperative cognitive dysfunc?tion(POCD)in patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG). Methods Between March 2014 and October 2014, a total of 157 patients who underwent OPCABG in our hospital were enrolled and divided into POCD group and non-POCD group according to their performance respondent to MMSE questionnaire survey conducted 5 days before operation. LOTCA questionnaire survey was conducted at the first day and 7th days pre-and post-operation re?spectively in order to investigate the influence of CAS on POCD in patients. Results The incidence of POCD was 30.6%(48 out of 157). Advanced age, diabetes,cultural level,carotid artery stenosis, Hb level after operation, score of LOTCA question?naire survey conducted before surgery,time of respirator and the time spend in ICU were significant predictive factors for POCD. However, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, CAS and the time spend in ICU were independent risk factors for POCD, especially CAS(OR=5.078,95%CI:2.211-11.662, P<0.001). Patients with severe CAS suffer from a significant decline in cognitive function on space, time, action and ideation. Conclusion CAS is a predominant risk factor for POCD in patients undergoing OPCABG.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1018-1020, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454049

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological changes and mechanism in the urethra by parturition-induced stress urinary incontinence.Methods Sprague Dawley female rats underwent vaginal balloon dilation for 4 hours immediately after delivery.One week later,the rats were anesthetized and both ovaries were excised.Then a rat model of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) was successfully established.One month after ovariectomy,conscious cystometry and Leak-Point Pressure (LPP) were measured by MP150.Histological examination and Western blotting were performed after functional assays.Results (1) 85% of rats presented astress urinary incontinence in the model group.(2) The urethras in SUI rats had decreased muscles,and striated muscles showed fragmentized and disorganized.(3) Elastic fibers were long,well organized and tightly connected to the muscle bundles in sham group,while elastic fibers showed fragmentation and disorganization in the model group.(4) The protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and blood vessels were reduced in SUI rats as compared with the sham rats.Conclusions Muscle and elastic fibers in the urethra are disrupted in SUI rat.VEGF may play an important role in regulation of pathological changes in urethra.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 462-466, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451517

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the enhancement feature of intracranial atherosclerotic plaque in the vessel supplying the territory of infarction by using high-resolution MR imaging.To analyze the correlation between the degree of plaque enhancement , time elapsed and the concentration of hypersensitive C-reactive protein ( hs-CRP ).Methods The characteristics of vessel walls and intracranial vascular stenoses were retrospectively analyzed in 81 patients with ischemic strokes.All subjects were imaged with a traditional stroke MR protocol and HR-MRI scanning for plaque on a 3.0 T MRI scanner.According to the elapsed time between infarct and MR examination , all cases were classified into early stage (12 weeks, n=10).The characteristics of vessel walls and degrees of enhancement of atherosclerotic plaques were assessed and the concentrations of hs-CRP in all patients were determined.The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the degree of enhancement and hs-CRP concentration among the early , middle and late stage.The concentration of hs-CRP was presented as median ( interquartile range ).The Spearman correlation was used to analyze the correlation between elapsed time , hs-CRP concentration and degree of enhancement.Results Fifty-five (55/81) plaques were located at the M1 segments, and the other 26 (26/81) plaques were at the basilar artery.The degree and presence of enhancement from strong to none were 29, 25 and 4 in the early stage;4, 6 and 3 in the middle stage and 0, 4, 6 in the late stage, respectively.The degree and presence of enhancement were significantly different among them (H=16.934,P<0.01).There was a remarkable trend of decreasing degree and presence of enhancement of the atherosclerotic plaque relative to increasing time after the ischemic event(r=-0.792,P<0.01).The serum hs-CRP concentration for early, middle and late stage were 7.0(3.0, 13.0), 2.27(1.0, 3.03) and 1.88(0.50, 4.0)mg/L (H=14.345,P<0.01) , respectively.There was a trend of decreasing hs-CRP concentration relative to the time elapsed ( r =-0.357,P<0.01).The degrees of enhancement of the plaques were parallel to the levels of hs -CRP( r=0.526,P<0.01).Conclusions Enhanced HR-MRI scanning may clearly demonstrate the enhancement characteristics of intracranial atherosclerotic plaques as an indicator of inflammation.It might play an important role to detect risk factors for intracranial plaque rupture and subsequent acute ischemic stroke .

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Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging ; (12): 881-885,890, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598585

ABSTRACT

Purpose To reconstruct perfusion computerized tomography angiography (PCTA) images from the volume data of low-dose brain CT perfusion scan with iterative reconstruction algorithm, to analyze the capability of PCTA on the display of brain arteries, and to explore the methods to reduce the radiation dose for stroke CT examinations. Materials and Methods This was a prospective study, 55 patients (605 arterial segments) with clinical diagnosis of ischemic cerebrovascular disease underwent cranial CT scan, iterative algorithm low-dose brain CT perfusion scan and conventional cranial CTA examinations using a 256-slice spiral CT. 11 segments of the cerebral artery in each case were analyzed using conventional CTA results as the reference standard to assess the display of brain arteries in PCTA. Results Effective dose of CT perfusion scan was 2.12 mSv. Among the 580 vessel segments which CTA showed no stenosis or stenosis0.75 for the consistency test between PCTA and CTA on the display of brain arteries. Conclusion Radiation dose of iterative algorithm cranial CT perfusion scan is significantly lower, and the images reconstructed from the volume data of perfusion CT are highly consistent with the CTA results, thus are able to meet the needs of the clinical diagnosis.

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Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 15-18, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435751

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Objective To explore the effect of standardized rehabilitation training and acupuncture therapy on knee osteoarthritis(KOA).Methods One hundred KOA patients were evenly divided into the treatment group and the control group by random digits table.The control group were treated by acupuncture plus general functional exercise guidance and the treatment group by standardized rehabilitation training and treatment for 3 courses(10 d as 1 treatment course).After 3 courses,the two groups were observed in terms of knee joint pain,joint function improvement and clinical curative effect.Result After treatment,the treatment group was significantly better than the control group in terms of knee joint pain,joint function improvement and clinical curative effect(all P<0.05 ).Conclusion The standardized rehabilitation training combined with acupuncture therapy may be effective in the reduction of the knee pain and improvement of knee function for patients with osteoarthritis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432406

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between the change of Heart-fatty acid-binding protein and myocardial injury/infarction in postoperative of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).Methods 59 patients (male 37 and female 22,from 46 to 83 years old) who were the first time to undergoing OPCAB were included in this study.Serial venous blood samples were taken at after induction of anesthesia,the OPCAB finished (after the last anastomosis),entered ICU,2,4 and 8 hours after the patient entered ICU,and at 1 and 2 day postoperative to test H-FABP.The cTnI and CK-MB were tested at 4 and 8 hours,after entering ICU,and at 1 and 2 days postoperative.Patients were divided into 3 groups by the changes of ECG and the level of cTnl at 8 hours after they entered ICU:normal group (group I,cTnI <0.1 ng/ml),myocardial injury group(group Ⅱ,cTnI 0.l-1.0 ng/ml) and.myocardial infarction group(group Ⅲ,cTnI > 1.0 ng/ml).Results The level of H-FABP released was significantly higher in the myocardial infarction group than normal group and myocardial injury group (P < 0.01).There is good correlation between the H-FABP and cTnI or CK-MB.But the peak level of H-FABP is earlier (finished OPCAB) (P < 0.05),and it peaked early at 2h after entered ICU (P < 0.01),it began to decrease at 4 hours after entered ICU and returned to baseline at 1 day postoperative,while the cTnI and CK-MB peaked at postoperative day 1 and 8h after entered ICU respectively,and maintained in higher level at postoperative 2 days.Conclusion There is good correlation between the H-FABP and perioperative myocardial infarction in OPCAB,and it has superiority compared with cTnI,which is as gold standard for perioperative myocardial infarction,on a certain degree.It can benefit from early detection of H-FABP for myocardial infarction in perioperative of OPCAB.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598091

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo access the predictive value in Postoperative mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) by seven different Risk scoring system.MethodsTo collect the clinical information of patients undergoing CABG in our department.SinoSCORE,Additive EuroSCORE,Logistic EuroSCORE,OPR,Cleveland model,Parsonnet score,QMMI was used to predict postoperative mortality for all patients,and calculate the mean predictive postoperative mortality.To devided the patients to six group:group Ⅰ (0 - 1.99% ),group Ⅱ (2.00% - 3.99% ),group Ⅲ (4.00% - 5.99% ),group Ⅳ ( 6.00% - 7.99% ),group Ⅴ (8.00% - 9.99% ),group Ⅵ ( > 10% ) by predictive postoperative mortality.Access the performance of risk scoring system predict the mortality through compare the predictive mortality and the observed mortality in different Risk stratification.To use Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test access the calibration.Discrimination was tested by determining the area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve(AUG).ResultsThe overall mean baseline age was ( 62.8 ± 8.8 ) years.The observed mortality in all our study patients was 1.99 % ( 22/1103 cases).The predictive mortality calculated by SinoSCORE,Additive EuroSCORE,Logistic EuroSCORE,OPR,Cleveland model,Parsonnet score and QMMI were 3.01%,4.38%,3.83%,1.69%,4.42%,6.71% and3.71%.And the most closest is OPR,SinoSCORE,QMMI.Group tests confirmed Logistic EuroSCORE Overestimated the mortality in all the group.Predicted mortality calculated by Additive EuroSCORE was lower than the actual mortality in group Ⅵ and higher than the observed mortality in other group.SinoSCORE、Cleveland model、Parsonnet score、QMMI Overestimated the mortality in all the group expect group Ⅰ.OPR forecast a lower mortality Compared with observed mortality in group Ⅰ and group Ⅳ and a Slightly higher mortality in group Ⅱ,group Ⅲ.To use Hosmer - Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test access the calibration.The text proved all the risk scoring system had a good calibration for postoperative mortality (P > 0.05 ).Discrimination was tested by ROC,only SinoSCORE ( AUC =0.751 > 0.70) showed high discriminatory ability in predicting mortality.ConclusionSinoSCOBE have a good forecast performance for the postoperative mortality in the patients undergoing CABG in our department in seven different Risk scoring system.And SinoSCORE could be used in preoperative risk assessment.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428817

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the early diagnostic value of Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein(H-FABP) for myocardial infarction in patients post off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB).Methods Between March 2009 and July 2009,59 patients had been undergone OPCAB for the first time.They were divided into 3 groups (normal group,myocardial injury group and myocardial infarction group) by myocardial-bound creatiue kinase (CK-MB) 、cardiac troponio Ⅰ (cTnI) 、electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram.Serial blood samples were taken during perioperation to quantify blood levels of H-FABP,CK-MB,cTnI.Results The average H-FABP value for the patients in the myocardial infarction group is higher than the others ( P < 0.01 ).H-FABP reached the peak valve at 2 hours and decreased at 4 hours after the patients arrived at ICU.H-FABP got back to the baseline one day postoperation.Receiver operating characteristic curves( ROC curve) demonstrated that H-FABP had greater diagnostic ability of myocardial infarction postoperation with area under the curve at the time of arriving at ICU ( 0.900,95% CI 0.818 -0.981 )and 2 hours later (0.832,95% CI 0.718 -0.946).At the time of arriving at ICU,sensitivity of H-FABP for diagnosis was 90.9% and specificity was 77.1%.At the point of 2 hours later,sensitivity was 72.7% and specificity was 75.0%.Conclusion The H-FABP seems to be an excellent early biomarker of cardiac necrosis after OPCAB.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the patterns of catheter related infection in critically ill patients after cardiac surgery with prolonged central venous catheters. METHODS The materials of culture of catheter tip and subcutaneous segments in 166 critically ill patients after cardiac surgery with prolonged central venous catheters were reviewed. RESULTS The positive pathogenic bacteria ratio of catheter tip segments was 41.0% and the positive ratio of catheter subcutaneous segments was 47.0%.Catheterization longer than 18 days,body temperature higher than 38.5 ℃ and insertion sites of femoral veins were the variables associated with significantly increased risk of catheter related infection. CONCLUSIONS The positive pathogenic bacteria ratio of central venous catheters in critically ill patients after cardiac surgery with prolonged central venous catheters is high,more attention must be paid to catheter related infection,and efficacious interventions must be laid down.

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Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594850

ABSTRACT

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(AMF) are ancient,asexual,and obligate symbiotic endophytes which have not been cultured in vitro.So there is some limitation in the study of mycorrhizology.While the molecular technology based on DNA analysis could increase the detection sensitivity and specificity of AMF.rDNA sequence homology and variability can reveal the relationship between species and their evolution.Thus rDNA sequence analysis are widely used in the classification,identification,genetic,ecology and bio-diversity of AMF.This article summarizes the rDNA sequence analysis techniques and their application in phylogeny,molecular detection and community structure of AMF in different plant vegetation.

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