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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931675

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To analyze the clinical features of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and investigate the characteristics of diagnosis and treatment of this disease.Methods:The clinical data of seven children patients with JMML who received treatment in The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University between April 2015 and February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical efficacy of different treatments was analyzed.Results:The median age at diagnosis of JMML was 8 months and 4 days for seven children patients. Fever was the principal cause of treatment, and it was mostly accompanied by hepatosplenomegaly. The median value of peripheral blood leukocyte count was 36.1 × 10 9/L, and it was 4.5 × 10 9/L for mononuclear cell count, 88 g/L for hemoglobin level, and 47 × 10 9/L for platelet count. Myeloid immature cells were found in peripheral blood smears of six patients. Chromosome examination results revealed 7-monomer in one patient, and normal karyotype in six patients. Hemoglobin level was increased in six patients. Gene detection results revealed PTPN11+NF1 mutation in one patient, N-RAS mutation in two patients, and K-RAS mutation in one patient. Three patients gave up treatment, three patients received low-intensity chemotherapy , and these six patients died of complicated infection. One patient received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and the patient survived without any event after 14 months of follow-up. Conclusion:The age of JMML onset is low. JMML has poor clinical specificity. Gene detection is helpful for early diagnosis of JMML. Low-intensity chemotherapy can prolong survival period, but it can not improve prognosis. Infection is the principal cause of death in patients with JMML. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only possible method to cure the disease.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze risk factors for duration of small or medium-sized coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) in children with Kawasaki disease (KD) so as to provide clinical guidance for early and full course treatment.Methods:The clinical data of 68 children diagnosed with KD in the Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.According to duration of CAA, all cases were divided into 2 groups, duration of CAA ≥ 8 weeks group and duration of CAA <8 weeks group.Risk factors associated with CAA duration were screened using univariate analysis, and then independent risk factors for CAA duration in children with KD were analysed using multiple Logistic regression analysis. Results:A total of 68 cases were enrolled in this study.Among these cases, 45 cases (66.18%) were male and 23 cases (33.82%) were female.The onset age was from 3 months to 10 years old, and the median onset age was 1.59 (1.02-3.19). There were 31 cases in the group with CAA duration ≥8 weeks and 37 cases in the group with CAA duration <8 weeks.Univariate analysis showed that patients with the total fever course >10 days[45.16%(14/31 cases) vs.21.62%(8/37 cases)], time of treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)>10 days[54.84%(17/31 cases) vs.16.22%(6/37 cases)], platelet (PLT)>600×10 9/L[32.26%(10/31 cases) vs.10.81%(4/37 cases)], hypersensitive C-reactive protein (HsCRP) >100 mg/L[38.71%(12/31 cases) vs.13.51%(5/37 cases)] (all P<0.05 ) in the group with CAA duration ≥8 weeks were significantly more than those in the group with CAA duration <8 weeks.However, there were no significant differences in gender, age, type of KD, etiology evidence, hormone application, duration of fever before IVIG application, IVIG sensitivity, IVIG application way, urine leukocytes, white blood cells, hemoglobin, percent of neutrophilic granulocyte, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the course of IVIG before application >10 days ( OR=6.589, 95% CI: 1.678-25.867, P=0.007)and HsCRP >100 mg/L ( OR=7.949, 95% CI: 1.947-32.461, P=0.004)were independent risk factors for predicting the duration of KD complicated with small and medium-sized CAA ≥8 weeks. Conclusions:The course of IVIG before application >10 days and HsCRP>100 mg/L are independent risk factors for KD complicated with small and medium-sized CAA lasting ≥8 weeks.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1164-1168., 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876664

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical and prognostic features of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP) during pregnancy. MethodsA total of 77 patients with acute pancreatitis in pregnancy who were admitted to The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from January 2013 to June 2020 were enrolled as subjects, and according to the presence or absence of HTGP, they were divided into HTGP group with 38 patients and non-HTGP group with 39 patients. The two groups were compared in terms of the clinical features including age, pregnancy, laboratory markers, complication, and prognostic indices. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between two groups. According to the trimester of pregnancy, the patients were divided into early pregnancy group with 4 patients, middle pregnancy group with 14 patients, and late pregnancy with 59 patients, and blood lipid levels were compared between groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between two groups or within each group. ResultsCompared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group had significantly higher mean age (t=-3.000, P=0.004) and proportion of patients with diabetes (χ2=8.867, P=0.003). Compared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group had a significantly higher proportion of patients with disease onset in the third trimester (P<0.001) and a significantly lower serum level of sodium (Z=-6.328, P<0.001). Compared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group had significantly higher incidence rates of acute peripancreatic fluid collection (76.3% vs 33.3%, χ2=14.342, P<0.001) and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (81.6% vs 410%, χ2=13.310, P<0.001). There were significant differences between the two groups in the length of hospital stay, the rate of admission to the intensive care unit, and hospital costs (Z=-2.077, χ2=11.537, Z=-3.525, all P<0.05). The levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride in the third trimester were significantly higher than those in middle pregnancy (both P<0.05). ConclusionCompared with the non-HTGP group, the HTGP group has a higher proportion of patients with disease onset in the third trimester of pregnancy, a higher risk of complications, a longer length of hospital stay, and higher hospital costs.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863993

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the levels of cytokines in peripheral blood of patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) and analyze their significance in the clinical prognosis of children with chronic ITP.Methods:Thirty patients with chronic ITP who were treated in the Department of Pediatrics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical Univercity from October 2015 to October 2018 were followed and enrolled in the experimental group and 40 healthy children in the same hospital were enrolled in the healthy control group.The levels of interleukin-2(IL-2), interferon-γ(IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), interleukin-4(IL-4), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10) and interleukin-17A(IL-17A) in the experimental group and the healthy control group were detected by flow cytometry (CBA). The relationship between cytokines and prognosis of children with chronic ITP were analyzed.Results:Thirty patients with ITP were enrolled. The expressions of IL-2 and IL-17A in the experimental group before treatment were (7.86±3.90) ng/L and (10.45±12.35) ng/L, while those of IL-2 and IL-17A in the healthy control group were (3.11±2.41) ng/L and (2.97±7.04) ng/L. The levels of IL-2 and IL-17A in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-7.123, -5.582, all P<0.01). The expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 in the experimental group before treatment were (0.38±0.25) ng/L and (1.80±1.25) ng/L, while those of IL-4 and IL-10 in the healthy control group were (3.08±0.26) ng/L and (4.55±3.44) ng/L. The levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the healthy control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=8.400, 5.653, all P<0.01). The expressions of IL-6, TNF and IFN-γ in the experimental group before treatment were (7.30±9.16) ng/L, (4.85±7.60) ng/L and (7.68±20.41) ng/L, while those of IL-6, TNF and IFN-γ in the healthy control group were (5.44±4.18) ng/L, (1.97±0.37) ng/L, (4.81±17.71) ng/L. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05), and no significant difference in the levels of cytokines between the patients with chronic ITP before and 12 months after treatment ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The changes of T lymphocyte related cytokines are closely related to the pathogenesis and development of chronic ITP in children. There may be persistent immune dysfunction in children with chronic ITP. Dynamic monitoring of cytokines IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-17A, especially IL-17A, is helpful to judge the prognosis of ITP in children, and may be of guiding significance in evaluating clinical prognosis.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 351-354, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696813

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of cMRI and MRS in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of single brain metastases and localized high grade gliomas.Methods The cMRI (T1WI,T2WI and contrast-enhanced MRI)and MRS data of 23 cases with single brain metastases and in 28 cases with high grade gliomas confirmed by pathology were collected and analyzed retrospectively.Results cMRI:①There were no significant differences of T1WI,T2WI and constrast-enhanced MRI between single brain metastases and high-grade gliomas.②Enhanced images of single brain metastases and localized high-grade gliomas showed that there was a significant difference in the peritumoral edema area:the nodular or ring enhancement were found in single brain metastases,the outer outline of ring enhancement was smooth,and there was no enhancement at the peripheral edema area;Irregular patchy or ring enhancement were found in localized high-grade glioma tumor,both of the outer and inner edges of the ring enhancement rough,a little patchy enhancement at the peripheral edema area were found in 1 6 patients,and there was no enhancement of the edema area in the other 1 2 patients.MRS:①There were no significant differences of the tumor parenchyma in the peaks of NAA,Cr,Cho and central Lac between single brain metastases and localized high grade gliomas.②A significant difference of the peripheral edema area were observed between them.The peaks of NAA,Cr,Cho at the edema area in all single brain metastases patients were normal.But in all high-grade glioma patients,the NAA and Cr peaks were decreased,while the Cho peaks were increased.Conclusion The morphological manifestations of single brain metastases are similar to localized high grade gliomas.An obvious difference of cMRI and MRS lines exists in the peritumoral edema area between them,which could be used for differential diagnosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706322

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of SPECT/CT in evaluation on long-term healing of limb fractures.Methods SPECT/CT imaging characteristics of 68 patients with limb fractures 6 months after treatment were analyzed retrospectively,and the self-healing property of fractures was evaluated.Compared with clinical follow-up results or surgical findings,the accuracy of SPECT/CT in evaluation on long-term healing of fractures was calculated.Results For all 68 patients with limb fractures,X-ray and CT were not able to determine whether the fractures would heal in the future.On SPECT/CT fusion images,radioactivity concentrations through the fracture lines and cross on both sides of fracture were found in 52 patients,which indicated that the fractures were in the process of healing and had the ability of healing in the future.Clinical follow-up confirmed that fractures then healed in 46 patients,while in 6 patients did not.Another 16 patients showed no nuclide concentrations on the fractures,indicated that the fractures were nonunion and had little ability of healing in the future,and were finally confirmed with surgery.The accuracy of SPECT/CT in evaluation on fracture healing was 91.18% (62/68).Conclusion SPECT/CT imaging can accurately evaluate the long-term healing of limb fractures,which contributes to therapeutic planning in the clinic.

7.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1728-1731, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696724

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the MRI characteristics of primary myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) in the extremity soft-tissues.Methods The MRI of 14 cases of MFS confirmed by operation and pathology were analyzed retrospectively.Results In the 14 cases,9 were in the thigh,3 in the lower leg,and 2 in the upper arm.The volumes of the tumors were relatively big and all located in the subcutaneous fat or superficial inter-muscular space.The tumor showed expanding growth and had well-defined boundary.On T1 WI,one case showed isosignal intensity,one showed equal signal intensity mostly,and 12 cases showed patch slightly low signal intensity;On fat suppression T2 WI and STIR,tumors showed high-low mixed signal intensity,which mainly showed high signal intensity;On MRI enhanced study,inhomogeneous enhancement was observed in most of the tumors,and "tail sign" was showed in 11 cases.Conclusion MFS is of characteristics on MRI,the position of tumor is shallow,the tumor is relatively big and has clear boundary.On T1 WI,most tumors show iso-low mixed signal intensity.On fat suppression T2WI and STIR,tumors show high-low mixed signal intensity;On enhanced MRI,inhomogeneous enhancement and "tail sign" are its characteristic signs.

8.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 777-780,787, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614017

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the sensitivity of a little amount of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) between CT and different MR sequences through animal experiment,to find a more sensitive way to diagnosis SAH.Methods 18 healthy adult white New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two experimental groups(group A and group B) and one control group(group C).Rabbit SAH model was established by injecting blood into the cisterna magna one time.All rabbits underwent CT and MR scan at 2 hours,48 hours after operation.The findings on CT and different MR sequences were observed and recorded.Results ①In experimental groups(group A and group B),MR FLAIR sequences in the diagnosis of a little amount of SAH was more sensitive than that on MR T1WI,T2WI and CT in acute phase.And the diagnosis sensitivity between MR FLAIR and CT was statistically significant(P<0.05).②Abnormal signs of SAH could not be found in group C.Conclusion ①Rabbit SAH model was established successfully which will be the foundation for the follow-up study of medical imaging.②MR FLAIR sequence is more sensitive to diagnose a little amount of SAH in acute phase,and may be used in the routine diagnosis of SAH in acute phase.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1906-1909, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664028

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the MRI findings of synovial hemangioma.Methods Twenty-three patients with synovial hemangioma were analyzed retrospectively,and MRI characteristics were summarized.Results Of the 23 patients,there were localized type in 6 and diffuse type in 17.Localized tumors located in the articular synovial tissue and didn't invade articular capsule and peripheral tissues.T hey had envelope,well-defined margin and regular shape.5 cases showed heterogeneous signal with iso-intense or hypo-intense on T1WI,hyper-intense and internal patchy or multiple pinstripe hypo-intense on T2WI and fat-suppression sequence.Diffuse tumors distributed inside and outside the articulation,and invaded the articular capsule or peripheral tissues.17 cases were heterogeneous signal with iso-intense or hypo-intense and internal patchy or sinuous hyper-intense on T1WI,hyper-intense and internal patchy,nodular and multiple pinstripe hypo-intense on T2WI and fat-suppression sequence.Thick flow void of the vessels were showed in 6 cases and phlebolithes were showed in 3 cases.15 cases underwent contrast-enhanced scan,and the tumors showed patchy,nodular or tortuous vascular heterogeneous enhancement with internal patchy,nodular or cord-like non-enhanced areas.Conclusion Fatty-fibrous tissues and flow void of the vessels in the tumor are valuable MRI features for diagnosis of the synovial hemangioma.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489751

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss DNA methylation's effect on pathogenesis of pediatric immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)through detecting the expression level of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs)mRNA in peripheral blood lymphocytes of children with ITP.Methods Two mL peripheral blood was collected from each of 25 children with persistent and chronic ITP and 20 healthy children (the healthy control group)by using aseptic method in the pediatric ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from January 2014 to January 2015.First ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) was used as the anticoagulant.Then separate the mononuclear cells,extract RNA and detect expression levels of DNMT1,DNMT3A and DNMT3B mRNA using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method.Results (1) The blood platelet (PLT) of children with persistent and chronic ITP was (36.2 ± 19.6) × 109/L,which was obviously lower than the healthy control group(168.8 ±46.8) × 109/L(t =-11.85,P =0.000).(2)The DNMT1 mRNA expression level of children with persistent and chronic ITP was 0.17 ± 0.05,which was obviously lower than the healthy control group (0.27 ± 0.10) (t =-3.912,P =0.001).The DNMT3A mRNA expression level of children with persistent and chronic ITP was 0.20 ± 0.10,which was obviously lower than the healthy control group (0.32 ±0.11) (t =-3.779,P =0.000).The DNMT3B mRNA expression level of children with persistent and chronic ITP was 0.16 ± 0.1 1,which was obviously lower than the healthy control group (0.31 ±0.11) (t =-4.641,P =0.000).(3) There was positive correlation between the expression of DNMT1 and DNMT3B mRNA(r =0.433,P =0.031).There was positive correlation between the expression of DNMT3A and DNMT3B mRNA(r =0.721,P =0.000).Conclusions (1) Children with persistent and chronic ITP have lower expression levels of DNMT1,DNMT3A,DNMT3 B mRNA,which indicates that DNA methylation contributes to the pathogenesis of pediatric persistent and chronic ITP.(2) DNMTs have synergistic effect on DNA methylation of pediatric persistent and chronic ITP.

11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 335-338, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484489

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of MRS and DWI in diagnosis of cervical spinal cord injury.Methods The MRI plain scan images of 95 cases who suffering from cervical spinal cord injury were analyzed.They were divided into two groups according to the T2 signal of cervical cord,63 cases in Group A(incomplete injury group)with no abnormal on T2 ,32 cases in Group B(complete injury group)with high signal on T2 .The other 50 cases with no injury of cervical cord were recruited as control group (Group C). All the cases were performed with MRS and DWI.The N-acetyl aspartic acid(NAA),choline compounds(Cho)and creatine(Cr)as well as the peak area of lactic acid (Lac)on MRS,and apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC)on DTI were measured separately.Mean-while,NAA/Cho,NAA/Cr,Cho/Cr,Lac/Cho and ADC were analyzed.Results On MRS sequence,the values of NAA/Cho and NAA/Cr were lower in Group B (P <0.05)when compared with Group A.The values of NAA/Cho and NAA/Cr were also lower in Group B,when compared Group C.However,the value of Lac/Cho in Group B was higher than it in Group C(P <0.05).When com-pared Group A with Group C,the value of Lac/Cho only increased in the former.However,on DWI,the value of ADC in Group A was(0.79±0.1 7)×10 -3 mm2/s,lower than that of Group C(0.93±0.1 5)×10 -3 mm2/s (P =0.026);the value of ADC in Group B was(1.21±0.20)×10 -3 mm2/s,significantly higher than that of Group C(P =0.01 7).When compared with Group B,the value of ADC in Group A was a lightly lower (P =0.143)with no statistical significance.Conclusion MRS can noninvasively and quantita-tively reflect the changes of metabolism of medium in injured cervical cord and help characterize the severity and degree of cervical cord injury from metabolic and molecular level.DWI has high sensitivity on early diagnosis of cervical cord injury.The combination of MRS and DWI has important value for formulating reasonable treatment plan and prognostic evaluation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488247

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the functional changes and the clinical significance of B cell specific mono-clonal murine leukemia virus integration site -1 (Bmi -1 )and Th1 /Th2 cells in children with newly diagnosed im-mune thrombocytopenia(ITP)by testing the mRNA expressions of Bmi -1,helper T cell -related cytokine interferon (IFN)-γand interleukin(IL)-4 in children with newly diagnosed ITP.Methods Thirty -six cases of patients with newly diagnosed ITP in the experimental group came from the inpatient and outpatient children admitted to the Depart-ment of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University from April to December 201 3.In the control group,26 cases of children requiring selective operation were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Surgery during the same period.The mRNA expressions of Bmi -1,IFN -γand IL -4 in the peripheral blood lymphocytes were detected by means of the reverse transcription -polymerase chain reaction(RT -PCR)method,and were analyzed and compared by t test and linear correlation analysis.Results (1 )The mRNA expressions of Bmi -1,IFN -γand IL -4 in peripheral blood lymphocytes in the experimental group were 2.63 ±0.54,3.84 ±0.43 and 1 .44 ±0.39,respec-tively;while the mRNA expressions of Bmi -1,IFN -γand IL -4 in the peripheral blood lymphocytes in the control group were 3.91 ±0.92,2.88 ±0.57 and 1 .87 ±0.34,respectively.The levels of IFN -γof the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P 0.05).Conclusions Bmi -1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of ITP by regulating Th cell, and Th cell dysfunction may occur in the children with ITP,and the disproportion between Th1 and Th2 may be due to the advantages of Th1 .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of Smac and HtrA2 in children with acute leukemia(AL).Methods Bone marrow samples were obtained from 77 children with AL (including 32 newly diagnosed children,33 complete remission children and 12 relapsed children)and the control group of 15 children without malignant blood disease.The expressions of Smac and HtrA2 protein were measured by streptavidin/peroxidase immunoperoxidase technique(SP) in all children.SPSS 13.0 software was applied to analyze the statistical data.Results Protein Smac was detected only in some samples,but HtrA2 was detected in all samples.The levels of Smac and HtrA2 protein in newly diagnosed AL children were both higher than those of the complete remission children (x2 =17.38,F =2.36,all P < 0.05) and normal controls (x2 =12.89,F =5.26,all P < 0.05),there was a statistical significance,but compared with those in the relapsed children,the difference had no statistical significance (x2 =1.18,F =1.57,all P > 0.05).The levels of Smac and HtrA2 protein in complete remission children were both higher than those of the normal controls,and the difference had no statistical sigmficance(x2 =1.20,F =2.23,all P > 0.05).In the newly diagnosed children,the levels of Smac and HtrA2 protein in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia(ALL) were higher than those of the acute myeloid leukemia(AML),but the differences had no statistical significance(x2 =0.113,t =1.024,all P > 0.05).In newly diagnosed AL children,the complete remission(CR) rate of the negative expression of Smac(Smac-,90.9%) and the low expression of HtrA2(HtrA2low,84.6%) in the level of protein were higher than those of the positive expression of Smac(Smac +,47.6%) and the high expression of HtrA2 (HtrA2high,47.4%),and there was statistical significance respectively(x2 =5.772,4.596,all P < 0.05).The CR rate of Smac-HtrA2low group (100%) was higher than that of Smac+ HtrA2high group(30.8%)in the children with AL,and the statistical data were of great significance(x =9.692,P <0.01).The protein level of Smac in newly diagnosed AL children was correlatedwith HtrA2 (r =0.979,P < 0.001).Conclusions Pro-apoptotic protein Smac and HtrA2 may be involved in and af-fected each other in the pathogenesis and progression in AL,but levels of Smac and HtrA2 protein may be not correlatedwith the types of AL.In newly diagnosed AL children,the high expression of protein Smac and HtrA2 predicts poorprognosis.

14.
Journal of Clinical Pediatrics ; (12): 147-150, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462208

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between DNA methylation and pathogenesis of childhood immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) by examining the expression of DNA methyltransferase 1(Dnmt1) and DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) mRNA in peripheral blood lymphocytes of the children with ITP. Methods Expression of Dnmt 1 and Dnmt3a mRNA in the peripheral blood lymphocytes in 36 children with newly diagnosed ITP and 26 healthy children were detected using RT-PCR. Results Dnmt1 mRNA expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes in children diagnosed with ITP was 3.02±0.49, significantly lower than 4.58±0.52 in the control group (t=11.95, P<0.001). Dnmt3a mRNA expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes in children diagnosed with ITP was 1.49±0.44, signiifcantly lower than 2.41±0.32 in the control group (t=9.12, P<0.001). Conclusions Children with newly diagnosed ITP have lower DNA methylation status in peripheral blood lymphocytes as compared to that in healthy children. The DNA methylation may play an important role in the etiology of acute ITP in children.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453434

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of glucose-regulated protein (Grp) 78 in ovarian cancer tissues and its clinical significance.Methods The expression of Grp78 in 60 cases of ovarian cancer tissue,15 cases of ovarian borderline tumor tissue,10 cases of normal ovarian tissue,10 cases of ovarian cyst tissue,was detected by immunohistochemistry,and analyzed the relationship between its expression and clinicopathological features of ovarian cancer.Results The expression of Grp78 in ovarian borderline tumor and ovarian cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in normal ovarian and ovarian cyst tissue[7/15 and 68.3% (41/60) vs.1/10 and 1/10] (P <0.05).The expression of Grp78 was positively correlated with clinicopathological staging and lymphatic metastasis of ovarian cancer (P < 0.05),negatively correlated with histological differentiation (P < 0.05).No correlation with age and ascites (P > 0.05).Conclusions The levels of Grp78 are elevated in ovarian cancer specimens; high expression of Grp78 maybe participate in the occurrence,development,and prognosis of ovarian cancer.Increased expression of Grp78 might be a useful marker for predicting the carcinogenesis and progression of ovarian cancer.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:After glucose regulated protein 94 (GRP94) was knockout in model mice of transplanted tumor, cel ular adhesion is terminated, thus stimulating the proliferation of liver-derived cel s and promoting the development of liver cancer. We speculate that GRP94 plays a protective role against liver cancer. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the expression of endoplasmic reticulum molecular chaperone GRP94 mRNA and protein with smal interfering RNA technique in nude mice model of transplantable human ovarian carcinoma, and to explore the effect of GRP94 mRNA and protein expression on the growth of transplanted tumor. METHODS:The gene sequences of human GRP94 were obtained from Gene Bank. psiSTRIKETM/GRP94 was constructed, which is eukaryotic expression vector control ed by the U6 promoter of human RNA polymerase Ⅲ. The transplantable model of human ovarian carcinoma in nude mice was established using human ovarian cancer HO-8910 cel line. The eukaryotic expression vector was transfected into the transplanted tumors in nude mice, and the growth of the tumor was observed. The nude mice models were divided into three groups, specific smal interfering RNA group, non-specific smal interfering RNA group and saline control group. The volumes of the subcutaneous tumor were determined. RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of GRP94 respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The recombinant plasmid of RNA interference specific for GRP94 was successful y constructed. The subcutaneous tumors appeared in al the nude mice 5 days after transplantation. The diameter of subcutaneous tumors was 7-10 mm 14 days after transplantation. The growth of subcutaneous tumors in nude mice with interference specific for GRP94 treatment was significantly decreased as compared with non-specific smal interfering RNA group and control group (P<0.05). The proliferation activity was inhibited by 65.1%. The expression of GRP94 mRNA and protein was significantly down-regulated after treatment of psiSTRIKETM/GRP94 (P<0.01). The transfection of psiSTRIKETM/GRP94 could significantly induce inhibitory effects on the growth of ovarian carcinoma in nude mice, and the underlying mechanism is associated with the down-regulated expression of GRP94 mRNA and protein.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1626-1630, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-459202

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate which b value is the best to distinguish the glioma recurrence and radiation-induced brain injury using DWI when b value were at 1 000 s/mm2、3 000 s/mm2 and 5 000 s/mm2 respectively.Methods Retrospective analysis the DWI of 21 patients who suffered from glioma recurrence and radiation-induced brain injury obtained on a 3T MRI scanner.Results (1)All recurrent glioma (100%)showed hyper-intense signal,while most radiation-induced brain injury patients (80%)showed hypo-in-tense signal when b=5 000 s/mm2 .The sensitivity and specificity were high (100% and 80% respectively)when hyper-intense sig-nal was taken as a diagnostic point of glioma recurrence and radiation-induced brain injury.(2)The receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curve analysis suggested that the minimum ADC resulted in a highest sensitivity to differentiate glioma recurrence from radi-ation-induced brain injury when b=5 000 s/mm.Conclusion High b-value is more accurate to reflect cell density,and the minimum ADC is better to differentiate the glioma recurrence and radiation-induced brain injury when b=5 000 s/mm2 on DWI.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435959

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical value of the platelet count (PC),fibrinogen (Fib) and D-dimer detection in patients with cervical cancer.Methods Eighty-seven patients with cervical cancer (cervical cancer group) and 66 patients with cervical benign lesion (control group) were selected,the levels of PC,Fib and D-dimer were respectively determined to analyze the clinical significance of three factors.Results The PC,Fib and D-dimer in cervical cancer group were significantly higher than those in control group [(274.22 ± 82.32) × 109/L vs.(238.82 ±74.97) × 109/L,(3.03 ±0.59) g/L vs.(2.67 ±0.45) g/L,(182.77 ± 167.07) ng/L vs.(113.74 ± 64.84) ng/L,P < 0.05].Patients with stage Ⅱ and tumor volume > 4 cm were obviously higher than patients with stage Ⅰ and tumor volume ≤ 4 cm in the PC,Fib and D-dimer [(296.66 ±94.30) × 109/L vs.(251.26 ±60.86) × 109/L,(3.22 ±0.67) g/L vs.(2.84 ±0.42) g/L,(238.61 ± 213.29) ng/L vs.(125.63 ± 62.96) ng/L,(299.14 ± 81.33) × 109/L vs.(257.44 ± 79.39) ×109/L,(3.20±0.67) g/Lvs.(2.91 ±0.50) g/L,(281.29 ±223.33) ng/L vs.(116.46 ±51.69) ng/L,P<0.05].But there was no significant difference between lymph node metastasis positive patients and lymph node metastasis negative patients (P > 0.05).Conclusion The PC,Fib and D-dimer of patients with cervical cancer are helpful to clinical cervical cancer diagnosis,treatment and prognosis improvement.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 64-67, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432963

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the CT imaging features of Castleman disease and enhance our knowledge of Castleman disease.Methods Twenty two patients with lymph node biopsy-proved or surgeryproved Castleman disease were retrospectively reviewed in this study.Of the 22 patients,18 had localized lesion and 4 patients had multicentric lesions.Correlation was made between CT and pathologic findings.Results Eighteen patients with localized Castleman disease had the hyaline-vascular type and showed well-circumscribed masses with soft-tissue density [mean CT value,(45 ± 16) HU],punctate or bifurcate calcification and linear low-density areas on non-enhanced CT images.All localized masses showed significant enhancementwith an increase of(56 ± 22)HU on arterial phase and showed residual enhancement and some low-density areas on delayed phase.Enhancing patterns were variable,including homogeneous enhancement,gradual enhancement from the edge to the center of mass and heterogeneous enhancement.Four patients with localized lesion demonstrated enhancing vessels around masses.Four patients with muhicentric CD belonged to the plasma cell type and had multiple enlarged lymph nodes.Plasma cell type masses with homogeneous density also showed enhancement after injection of contrast media but appeared to reveal a less increase of (32 ± 10) HU than the hyaline vascular type.Conclusions The localized Castleman disease showed certain characteristics on CT imaging includingcalcification and contrast enhancing patterns,which could help in the differential diagnosis of this disease.The muhicentric Castleman disease did not reveal any useful imaging features.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419292

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between D-dimer levels and the clinical stage and pathological grade of patients with ovarian cancer.Methods The clinical data of 66 patients with ovarian cancer whose D-dimer had been monitored before surgery were retrospectively analyzed.The relationship between D-dimer levels and the clinical stage,pathological grade was evaluated.Results D-dimer levels before surgery were uncorrelated with the patient's age (r =0.1324,P > 0.05 ).There was significant difference in D-dimer levels between FIGO Ⅰ + Ⅱ patients and FIGO Ⅲ + Ⅳ patients [(377.89 ± 183.85) mg/L vs.(858.03 ± 138.29) mg/L] (t =11.602,P<0.01).There was significant difference in D-dimer levels between high-moderately differentiated patients and poorly differentiated patients [(463.39 ±246.85) mg/L vs.(784.64 ±265.69) mg/L](t =4.983,P<0.01).Conclusions D-dimer levels are related with the clinical stage and pathological grade of patients with ovarian cancer.It can predict the harmful biological behaviour of ovarian cancer.

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