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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934743


@#Objective To investigate the correlation of motor function and emotion, cognition in patients after stroke. Methods 15 sub-acute stroke patients were included. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA)、10 m walking speed, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAMA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and SF-36. Fractional anisotropy (FA) values, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and asymmetry indices of ADC and FA were obtained from diffusion tensor imaging. The correlation among them were analyzed. Results There was no correlation between the scores of FMA, 10 m walking speed and HAMD, HAMA, MMSE (P>0.05). The scores of HAMD, HAMA and MMSE correlated with emotional function of SF-36 (P<0.05). The HAMA score negatively correlated with body pain of SF-36. The FA value of the posterior limb of the internal capsule were negatively correlated with HAMD (P<0.05). Conclusion Neural network defect can cause emotion changes in stroke patients, but the motor function was not correlated with the emotion. Emotion and cognition may affect quality of life in these patients.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 211-214, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443232


Objective To summarize the CT and MRI features of radiation-induced sarcoma (RIS) after radiotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Methods From January 1997 to October 2012,a total of 73 NPC patients with RIS after radiotherapy were confirmed by pathology.The clinical data and imaging findings (CT and MRI findings) were retrospectively reviewed.Of the 73 patients,43 underwent CT examination,24 underwent MRI,and the remaining 6 underwent both CT and MRI scans.Results Fibrosarcoma [45.3% (33/73)] was the most frequently histologic type,followed by osteosarcoma[31.5% (23/73)] and malignant fibrous histiocytoma [9.6% (7/73)].The top three common sites were maxillary sinus [26.7% (20/73)],followed by the neck soft tissue [17.8% (13/73)] and mandible[13.7% (10/73)].The main characteristics of the RIS on CT and MRI were soft tissue masses[78.1% (57/73)] with an irregular shape and ill-defined margin,or rounded masses with welldefined margin [21.9% (16/73)].CT of 49 patients showed masses with isodensity or mixed density on precontrast CT.MRI of 30 patients showed lesions with isointensity signal on T1WI and intermediate signal intensity on T2WI.On post-contrast images,65.8% (48/73) tumors showed markedly homogeneous or inhomogeneous enhancement,23.2% (17/73) lesions showed moderate enhancement,and 11.0% (8/73) masses showed mild enhancement.Among the 23 patients with radiation-induced osteosarcomas,78.3% (18/23) presented tumor bone formation.Conclusions RIS has a characteristic imaging features.Clinical history,tumor sites and serial imaging follow-up are necessary for early detection of RIS in patients with NPC.

Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 173-177, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354042


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare quantitatively the enhanced thin CT section with pathologic findings in pulmonary carcinoma, pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) and pulmonary tuberculoma so as to demonstrate the relation of degree of enhancement and the vascular structure within the lesion with special emphasis on pulmonary carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Enhanced thin CT sections were obtained in 35 cases with nodular or patchy lesions in the peripheral lung field which are difficult to differentiate clinically. There were pulmonary carcinoma 21, inflammatory pseudotumor 7 and tuberculoma 7. The number of small vessels (inner diameter 0.02 approximately 0.1 mm), relatively large vessels (inner diameter > 0.1 mm) and their vascular bed areas were analyzed by computed image analyzing system. The relation between CT average attenuation and the number of vessels or the vascular bed areas were statistically evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1. The differences of average attenuation in carcinoma, inflammatory pseudotumor and tuberculoma were statistically significant (P < 0.05). 2. The differences in number of small vessels, relatively large vessels and vascular bed areas among these three types of lesion were also significant (P < 0.05). 3. A positive correlation was found in the average CT affenuation of lung carcinoma and its number of small vessels and relatively large vessels and 4. A positive correlation was found between the average CT attenuation in these three lesions and the relatively large vessels, total vascular amount and vascular bed areas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>1. The average degree of attenuation, being divided into four degrees, is of practical value in the differentiation of lung carcinoma, inflammatory pseudotumor and tuberculoma. 2. The average CT attenuation of lung carcinoma, inflammatory pseudotumor and tuberculoma is in direct proportion to the number of vessels and vessel bed areas and 3. The characteristic CT enhancement in lung carcinoma reflexes the condition of vessels and blood supply within the tumor.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Plasma Cell Granuloma, Pulmonary , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Methods , Tuberculoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology