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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 890-895, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feasibility and effectiveness of 3D visualization and mixed reality technique in the partial nephrectomy of renal tumor, and to evaluate its role in the communication between doctors and patients.Methods:82 patients with renal tumors confirmed by imaging examination including 33 patients in our hospital and 49 patients admitted to the Beijing Cancer Hospital from June 2018 to December 2020, all of whom were single tumors without local or distant metastasis, and in line with the indications of endoscopic partial nephrectomy, but without other systemic serious diseases. These patients were randomly divided into observation group (n=41) and control group (n=41). Both groups were scanned with 64-slice spiral CT before operation, while the CT images in the observation group were generated by DICOM data, modeled by three-dimensional reconstruction software and uploaded to mixed reality glasses for the preoperative planning, doctor-patient communication and intraoperative guidance. In this study, 82 patients underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Questionnaires and scales were used to compare the awareness of disease and/or satisfaction with 3D visual images between the two groups. The intraoperative time of tumor detection, operative time, renal heat ischemia time and intraoperative blood loss in 2 groups were recorded to evaluate preoperative planning and intraoperative guidance. In addition, the recovery time of gastrointestinal function, indwelling time of urinary catheter, indwelling time of drainage tube in operation area, length of hospital stays after surgery and pathological type, as well as serum creatinine level and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) value in patients at 6 months after operation were used to evaluate the postoperative recovery.Results:Before surgery, the concentrations of serum creatinine in patients with the observation group and control group were (66.8±17.5) μmol/L and (70.5±13.7) μmol/L, and the GFR were (40.8±7.6) ml/min and (38.9±6.8) ml/min, respectively. All the 82 cases were operated successfully. The number of correct responses of patients in the observation group and control group about basic kidney physiology, kidney anatomy and surgical plan was (5 vs.4), (2 vs.1), (7 vs.4), the difference among which was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the observation group, the points of patients in understanding their own kidney, disease, specific surgical plan, and risk of surgical complications were 9.5±1.61, 9.3±0.84, 9.7±0.53, and 8.5±2.21 respectively. The tumor detection time was (35.2±5.6) min, the operation time was (100.2±20.1) min, and the renal warm ischemia time was (22.7±8.6) min in the observation group, which was significantly shorter than that in the control group (43.2±6.7) min, (123.2±23.50) min, (33.2±7.8) min. However, there was no significant difference in the amount of bleeding (103.2±22.8 ml vs.112.5±19.5 ml), postoperative recovery time of gastrointestinal function (1.7±0.8 d vs.1.8±1.2 d), indwelling time of urinary catheter (3.9±1.6 d vs.4.2±1.0 d), indwelling time of drainage tube in operation area (4.6±1.3 d vs.4.9±1.7 d), length of hospital stays (6.9±1.5 d vs.7.2±1.3 d), pathological type, and the changes of serum creatinine (10.1±19.0 vs.9.6±11.3) and the amplitude of GRF (19.4±9.5 vs.18.5±10.7) fluctuation in the affected side 6 months after operation (19.4±9.5 vs.18.5±10.7) ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of 3D visualization and mixed reality technology in preoperative planning and intraoperative guidance of partial nephrectomy could improve patients' cognitive understanding of renal anatomy, tumor characteristics and surgical operation, and make doctor-patient communication smoother. It can reduce the risk of surgery to a certain extent, reduce the renal heat ischemia and the operation time, and remove the tumor more accurately.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 721-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy in the treatment of cystic renal masses.Methods:The 19 patients with cystic renal masses undergoing laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy from November 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 6 females. The average age was 46.2 years. The mean body mass index was (25.8±3.1) kg/m 2. The masses located in the left kidney in 7 cases and the right kidney in 12 cases. The ECOG scores were 0. The mean maximum diameter of the tumors was (2.8±1.3) cm. Five cases were diagnosed with Bosniak Ⅲ and 14 cases with Bosniak Ⅳ. According to R. E.N.A.L. scoring, 11 cases were of low difficulty (4-6 points), 7 cases of medium difficulty (7-9 points) and 1 case of high difficulty (10-12 points). The cystic renal masses were ablated by laparoscopic microwave ablation, then followed by partial nephrectomy. Postoperative complications were observed and the prognosis was assessed by CT or MRI. Results:The mean duration of operation was (84.0±20.8) min. The median intraoperative blood loss was 20 (10-50) ml. The median duration of postoperative hospitalization was 3 (2-6) d, and no complications such as bleeding, infection, gross hematuria or urine leakage were observed. According to the malignant degree of cystic renal masses, the patients were divided into low-risk group and high-risk group. The patients with benign cystic kidney tumors or with low biological malignancy were considered as the low-risk group, while the patients with high malignant pathology were considered as the high-risk group. In the low-risk group, there were 4 patients, including 1 patient with papillary adenoma, 1 patient with renal angiomyolipoma, 1 patient with low-grade malignant potential multilocular cystic renal tumor, and 1 patient with renal chromophobe carcinoma (stage T 1a). In the high-risk group, there were 15 cases, including 14 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (AJCC pathological stage: T 1a stage 11 cases, T 1b stage 3 cases; WHO/ISUP classification: 7 cases in grade 1, 6 cases in grade 2, and 1 case in grade 3); 1 case of Type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma (stage T 1b, grade 2). The median follow-up was 20 months (12-37 months). Both groups survived, and no signs of tumor recurrence, implantation or metastasis were found in chest and abdomen imaging. Blood tests were performed regularly, and no significant abnormalities occurred. Conclusions:The safety and efficacy of laparoscopic microwave ablation combined with partial nephrectomy for the treatment of cystic renal masses is satisfactory, and postoperative pathology is clear, providing a potential option for cystic renal masses treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910035

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff tears are one of the three most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders, with the supraspinatus tendon as the most common lesion site. It may lead to chronic shoulder pain, weakness and limited joint motion, and eventually to secondary degeneration of the shoulder. As traditional biomechanical experiments are limited by measurement techniques and ethical issues, it is almost impossible to clarify the stress distributions at the rotator cuff under physiological and pathological conditions. Recently, advances in computer science, software development and image processing have rapidly improved finite element models of shoulder joint which promote the researches into pathogenesis of rotator cuff tears and their surgical techniques, making finite element analysis an indispensable means in the biomechanic research of rotator cuff. This paper reviews the recent literature available in China and abroad to expound on the element models of shoulder joint applied in the researches into pathogenesis and surgery of rotator cuff tear.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 526-531, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between simple thyroid nodule and blood lipid and glucose metabolism and iodine nutrition level.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted by collecting data of the population undergoing epidemiological investigation in Jinshan District, Shanghai from July to December 2015, to calculate the prevalence of thyroid nodules and analyze relevant functional indicators.Results:Simple thyroid nodules were detected in 603 subjects, with a prevalence of 22.6% (603/2 669). There were 358 female patients with simple thyroid nodules, with a prevalence rate of 26.9%, and 245 male patients with simple thyroid nodules, with a prevalence rate of 18.3%. The prevalence of simple thyroid nodule in female was higher than that in male, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=27.686, P<0.001). In addition, the prevalence of simple thyroid nodules increased with age (13.1% (92/704) and 20.2% (104/514) and 25.1% (145/578) and 24.4% (107/439) and 36.3% (98/270) and 34.8% (57/164), χ 2=83.872,P<0.001). In the ≤30 years group (8.0% (30/704) vs. 18.8% (62/331), χ 2=35.716, P<0.001), >30 to ≤40 years old group (14.1% (37/263) vs. 26.7% (67/251), χ 2=12.683, P<0.001), >60 to ≤70 years old group (26.2% (33/126) vs. 45.1% (65/144), χ 2=10.435, P<0.001), and the 70-year-old group (24.4% (21/86) vs. 46.2% (36/78), χ 2=8.521, P<0.001). The prevalence of simple thyroid nodules in males was lower than that in females. In the simple positive thyroid nodule group, Fasting blood glucose (5.12 (4.80, 5.69) and 5.02 (4.72, 5.48)), total cholesterol (1.24 (0.85, 1.86) and 1.13 (0.77, 1.76)), triglyceride (4.77 (4.09, 5.48) and 4.49 (3.92, 5.16)), low density lipoprotein((2.79 (2.26, 3.36) and 2.63 (2.19, 3.16)), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (1.41 (1.18, 1.66) and 1.35 (1.13, 1.61)) were higher than those in the negative group ( U values were 554 818, 578 468, 535 622, 556 067 and 567 960, respectively, all P<0.01). The BMI index grade distribution of thyroid nodule positive group was higher than that of negative group, and the difference was statistically significant (3.7% (77/2 066), 50.1% (1 034/2 066), 32.4% (669/2 066), 13.8% (286/2 066), 3.2% (19/603), 43.6% (263/603), 38.1% (230/603), 15.1% (91/603), χ2=9.5201, P=0.023). The prevalence of simple thyroid nodules was significantly lower in the iodized salt group than in the non-iodized salt group (20.7% (436/2 102) vs. 29.5% (167/567), χ 2=19.376, P<0.001). The urinary iodine level in the positive thyroid nodule group was significantly lower than that in the negative group (148.4(100.2, 213.7) vs. 169.5(115.4, 241.75), U=545 129.5, P<0.001). After Logistic regression screening, age ( OR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.292-1.908, P<0.001), gender ( OR=1.278, 95% CI: 1.193-1.368, P<0.001), BMI grade ( OR=1.166, 95% CI: 1.022-1.330, P=0.022), total cholesterol ( OR=1.105, 95% CI: 1.005-1.214, P=0.040), iodized salt ( OR=0.689, 95% CI: 0.556-0.854, P=0.001) were independent influencing factors of thyroid nodule. Conclusion:The prevalence of simple thyroid nodules in Shanghai is relatively low. Age, sex, BMI level, total cholesterol and iodized salt are independent factors causing thyroid nodules. In addition, blood glucose level may also be related to the prevalence of thyroid nodules.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906538

ABSTRACT

Hydroxytyrosol as one of natural anti-oxidants,extracted from the fruits and leaves of Olea europaea,is a natural polyphenol compound in the form of esters. Recently,considerable studies showed that hydroxytyrosol demonstrated intrinsic biological activity for metabolic syndromes, cardiovascular- and neurodegenerative-related diseases,and it was revealed to play the roles in the anti-activities of cancerous,inflammatory as well as depressing issues. In addition,hydroxytyrosol is an oleophilic and hydrophilic compound with high bioavailability and low cellular cytotoxicity. It could be absorbed by various tissues and could easily passe through blood brain barrier. Therefore,hydroxytyrosol was introduced as one of the key subjects targeted by innovative drug development. However,it has a short half-life in vivo and non-tissue specific,which lead to its limitation in clinical application, so further in-depth studies are still needed. The authors had a literature review of hydroxytyrosol,and summarized the basic properties of its pharmacokinetic,pharmacological effects and molecular mechanisms. This article mainly focused on it’s pharmacological activity and the mechanism involved in treating damages induced by the oxidative stress,in alleviating cardiovascular diseases and in inhibition of neurodegenerative diseases. In this article, its anti-inflammatory,anti-tumor,anti-depressant effects,other biological activities,and pharmacokinetics were also briefly reviewed. The authors put forward some personal thoughts on its future research direction,hoping to provide ideas and inspirations for the vast number of researchers,and provide references for its further development,research and application.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 283-288, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885005

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors associate with apex or basal positive surgical margins in patients after radical prostatectomy.Methods:During the period from January 2013 to December 2017, data was collected in 180 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy in Urological department of Peking University Cancer Hospital. Surgical margins were stated negative, positive, apex positive, basal positive. Dichotomous logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the age, total prostate volume, biopsy positive cores, D’Amico risk classification, tumor pathology stage, Gleason score, tPSA, f/tPSA and pelvic lymph nodes metastasis with the PSMs.Results:PSMs were detected in 97 cases, including 78 cases with positive apex, 51 cases with positive basal, and 83 cases with negative margin, the PSMs proportion was 53.9%. In univariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=6.871, P=0.010), pT 4( OR=12.13, P<0.05), Gleason≥8( OR=4.989, P=0.005), pelvic lymph nodes metastasis( OR=9.516, P=0.043) associated with higher proportion of PSMs. In multivariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=5.782, P=0.030), pT 4( OR=10.15, P<0.05), Gleason≥8( OR=11.13, P=0.012) were the independent factors positively associated with higher proportion of PSMs. In univariable analysis, pT 3b( OR=4.040, P=0.026), Gleason≥8( OR=2.390, P=0.010) associated with higher proportion of apex positive. In multivariable analysis, Gleason≥8 ( OR=1.980, P=0.030) was the only independent factor associated with higher proportion of apex positive. In univariable analysis, D’Amico high risk ( OR=1.847, P=0.035), pT 4 ( OR=1.780, P=0.001) associated with higher proportion of basal positive. In multivariable analysis, D’Amico high risk ( OR=1.540, P=0.041) was the only independent factor associated with higher proportion of basal positive. Conclusions:In patients radical prostatectomy, pathology staging and Gleason score were associated with positive surgical margins.Gleason score was associated with positive apex margins, and D’Amico risk classification was associated with positive basal margins.

7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 85-90, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879713

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies in Western countries. Studies have shown that androgen contributes to the progression of PCa, but how androgen promotes PCa remains largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that androgen suppressed the expression of miR-760 depending on the interaction between androgen and androgen receptor (AR). miR-760 was downregulated in prostate cancer tissues compared with normal tissues. Functional experiments showed that miR-760 downregulation promoted the proliferation and growth of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. In contrast, miR-760 ectopic expression inhibited the proliferation of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. DNA synthesis was suppressed by miR-760. Mechanistically, miR-760 bound to the 3'UTR of interleukin 6 (IL6 ). A mutation in the binding site disrupted their interaction. In addition, silencing ofIL 6 suppressed the proliferation of LNCaP and 22rv1 cells. IL6 was upregulated in PCa tissues. Our study reveals that androgen downregulates miR-760 to promote the growth of PCa cells by regulating IL6.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 200-204, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869631

ABSTRACT

Objective:Determine the relationship between AR-V7 expression and treatment efficiency of abiraterone.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted to detect CTCs AR-V7 in newly diagnosed CRPC patients, aged ≥18 years who were admitted to the urologic department of Peking University cancer hospital from January 2016 to January 2019, with one or more systemic metastases. All the patients intended to be treated with abiraterone. According to the AR-V7 status, patients were divided into 2 groups (AR-V7 positive and negative). PSA decline time, PSA PFS, clinical status PFS, imaging PFS and CSS are analyzed and compared by t-test and Chi-square between 2 groups. Result:49 patients were AR-V7 negative and 28 were AR-V7 positive. Compared with AR-V7 positive patients, PSA decline time (72.04±66.92 vs. 190.11±102.44, P=0.000), PSA non-response rate (6.12% vs. 21.4%, P=0.040) are significantly lower in AR-V7 negative patients. PSA PFS(489.17±269.39 vs. 130.56±120, P=0.010), Clinical PFS (551.91±322.05 vs. 261.44±200.85, P=0.018), and Imaging PFS (523.7±223.28 vs. 247.56±202.80, P=0.003) are significantly longer in AR-V7 negative patients. Conclusion:Expression status of AR-V7 is related to the response of abiraterone treatment and the prognosis of the patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869584

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.Methods The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed.31 patients with a mean age (63.1 ± 4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71 ± 173.15) ng/ml were enrolled.Their BMI mean (24.6 ± 3.0) kg/m2.Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72 ± 1.64) ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification,all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases,grade 2in 7 cases,grade 3 in 4 cases,grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases.The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage,2 cases in T2b stage,17 cases in T2c stage,1 case in T3a stage,4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage.SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians.SUVmax was 12.49 ± 9.38.SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.Results The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases,negative in 12 cases,vascular positive in 5 cases,negative in 20 case,positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases.2 patients were low risk,7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D'Amico classification.Based on the basis of PSA(≤ 10 or > 10) and Gleason score (≤6 or > 6),6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score,5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score,9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score,11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score.SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP (r =0.434,P =0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli (14.78 ± 10.68 vs.8.17 ± 2.81,P =0.005).No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA,testosterone,pathologic T stage,surgical margin,nerve invasion,pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification.SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P =0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%.The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax ≥ 11.34.SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01 ± 5.40 vs.4.98 ± 2.11,P =0.007).Conclusions SUVmax measured on preoperative 68 Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in differentiating the malignant solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) from benign ones. Methods:18F-FDG PET/CT imaging data of 84 patients (39 males, 45 females; age: 34-81(average: 61.1) years) with SPN in the First People′s Hospital of Lianyungang between September 2017 and June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The pathological results were taken as the gold standard. Differences of SUV max between benign and malignant SPN were analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test, and the best cut-off value for the diagnosis of benign and malignant SPN was measured by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The diagnostic efficacy was analyzed based on SUV max. Results:The pathological results confirmed 54 patients with malignant SPN, and 30 patients with benign SPN. SUV max of malignant group was significantly higher than that of benign group (5.48±4.08 vs 1.70(0.73, 3.33); U=443.50, P=0.001). The 84 SPN included 58 solid SPN and 26 subsolid SPN. SUV max of malignant subsolid SPN and benign ones were not significantly different ( U=56.00, P>0.05). The diagnostic value of SUV max in 58 cases of solid nodules were analyzed based on ROC curves, and the optimal cut-off value was 1.85. The corresponding diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value and positive predictive value were 97.06%(33/34), 62.50%(15/24), 82.76%(48/58), 15/16, 78.57%(33/42), respectively. Conclusions:18F-FDG uptake of malignant SPN were higher than benign ones. The diagnosis of benign and malignant solid SPNs based on SUV max 1.85 has high sensitivity, negative predictive value and accuracy. SUV max has limited diagnostic value on subsolid SPN.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 530-535,C8-1, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of miRNA-181 targeting phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) in regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt signaling pathway (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway in renal injury of hyperuricemia rats.Methods:Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, negative control group and miRNA-181 inhibition group. Their serum uric acid, creatinine and urea nitrogen were tested. HE staining was used to observe the renal histopathological changes in each group. The expression of miRNA-181, PTEN, PI3K and Akt mRNA in renal tissue of rats in each group was detected by quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Western blotting analysis of PTEN, PI3K, Akt and p-Akt protein expression in renal tissue of rats in each group. The targeting relationship between miRNA-181 and PTEN was confirmed by double luciferase reporter gene experiment. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for the comparison between multiple groups, with the same variance. LSD- t test was used for further comparison between the two groups. If the variance was not the same, Tamhane's T2 test was used for further comparison between the two groups. Independent sample t-test was used to compare between the two groups. Results:Compared with the control group (135±21) mmol/L; (27.8±2.1) μmol/L; (6.8±0.5) μmol/L, the contents of uric acid [(213±28) mmol/L, (214±23) mmol/L, creatinine (49.2±2.3) μmol/L, (48.6±2.2) μmol/L and urea nitrogen (11.5±2.7) μmol/L; (11.7±2.5) μmol/L] in the model group and the negative control group were significantly increased ( Furic acid=26.739, Fcreatinine=259.055, Furea nitrogen=12.921, all P<0.05); compared with the nega-tive control group, the contents of uric acid (169±21) mmol/L, creatinine (33.7±1.8) μmol/L and urea nitrogen (9.1±1.7) μmol/L in the miRNA-181 inhibition group were decreased (LSD- turic acid=4.356, LSD- tcreatinine=15.773, LSD- turea nitrogen=2.858, all P<0.05). The expression level of miRNA-181 in renal tissue of the model group and the negative control group (1.88±0.16, 1.84±0.18) was significantly higher than that of the control group (0.53±0.08) ( F=193.554, P<0.05), while the expression level of PTEN protein (0.18±0.02, 0.16±0.02) and mRNA (0.48±0.08, 0.44±0.07) were lower than that of the control group (1.27±0.06, 1.27±0.16) ( Fprotein=515.116, FmRNA=141.470, all P<0.05) ); after inhibiting miRNA-181, the expression level of miRNA-181 (1.35±0.58) in renal tissue increased significantly (LSD- t=10.341, P<0.05), and the expression level of PTEN protein (0.84±0.05) and mRNA (0.90±0.08) increased on average (LSD- tprotein=20.471, Tamhane's T2 mRNA=13.881, all P<0.05). The results of double luciferase reporter gene analysis showed that PTEN was the target gene of miRNA-181. Compared with the control group (0.18±0.02, 0.09±0.01, 0.05±0.02, 1.06±0.07, 0.96±0.06), the expression level of PI3K (1.01±0.06, 1.00±0.06), Akt (0.90±0.05, 0.95±0.04), p-Akt protein (0.99±0.07, 0.97±0.05) and the expression level of PI3K (3.63±0.18, 3.68±0.22), Akt mRNA (2.38±0.05, 2.34±0.12) in the renal tissue of the model group and the negative control group were significantly increased ( FPI3K protein=169.979, FAkt protein=393.411, Fp-Akt protein=164.201, FPI3K mRNA=563.944, FAkt mRNA=141.470, all P<0.05); after inhibiting the expression of miRNA-181, the expression level of PI3K (0.69±0.06), Akt (0.42±0.03), p-Akt protein (0.50±0.05) and the expression level of PI3K (2.40±0.09), Akt mRNA (1.40±0.12) in the renal tissue of the rats were decreased (LSD- tPI3K protein=7.432, LSD- tAkt protein=18.291, LSD- tp-Akt protein=9.595, Tamhane's T2 PI3K mRNA=17.070, Tamhane's T2 Akt mRNA=17.357, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Inhibition of miRNA-181 expression can target PTEN to inhibit PI3K / Akt signaling pathway to protect renal injury in hyperuricemia rats.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in different intensities on dysphagia after cerebral infarction and its neurological mechanism. Methods:From January, 2016 to December, 2018, 60 inpatients with dysphagia after cerebral infarction were randomly equally divided into low-, medium- and high-intensity groups, in which the intensities of tDCS were 1.0 mA, 1.5 mA and 2.0 mA, respectively, for 30 days. They were observed with video fluoroscopic swallowing study and α waves of electroencephalography before and after treatment. Results:The score of oral stage increased in the high-intensity group after treatment (t = -2.196, P < 0.05), while the dominant frequency of α wave increased (t = -6.488, P < 0.001). Conclusion:High-intensity tDCS may improve the excitability of the brain for patients with dysphagia after cerebral infarction, to improve the swallowing.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the safety and efficacy of coaxial puncture 125I seed implantation in treatment of locally advanced pancreatic head and neck cancer. Methods: Totally 21 patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative planning was performed with treatment planning system (TPS) and fan-shaped distributed system simulated in the same plane. 125I seeds were implanted using coaxial puncture technology, and was operative plan real-timely adjusted during operation. After operation, CT images were imported into TPS for dose verification. Abdominal CT scanning were performed 2, 4 and 6 months after operation to evaluate the treatment efficiency and local control rate, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were counted. Results: The operations were successfully completed in all patients. The effective rate of treatment 2, 4 and 6 months after operation was 38.10% (8/21), 47.62% (10/21) and 52.38% (11/21),and the local control rate was 95.24% (20/21), 80.95% (17/21) and 80.95% (17/21), respectively. Intraoperative complications included 2 cases of local abdominal hemorrhage, 2 cases of subcutaneous soft tissue hematoma and wrong puncture of pancreatic duct in 1 case. Post operation, fever and appetite loss occurred in 10 and 3 cases, respectively. Among 21 patients, grade 0 and grade acute radiation enteritis were observed in 18 and 3 cases, respectively. Conclusion: Coaxial puncture 125I particle implantation technology is safe and effective for treatment of locally advanced pancreatic head and neck cancer.

14.
Gut and Liver ; : 601-610, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833192

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The risk factors of colorectal stricture associated with ulcerative colitis (UC) carcinogenesis in the long-term disease duration remain unclear. @*Methods@#This study included all UC patients registered from a prospectively maintained database between June 1986 to July 2018. The demographic data, clinical features, and outcomes in patients with dysplasia and stricture were assessed using univariable analysis and multivariate logistic regression models. @*Results@#A total of 246 eligible patients were in-cluded in the analysis. The median follow-up time was 13.0 years (interquartile range [IQR], 9.0 to 16.0). There were 35 cases (14.2%) of colorectal stricture. Patients with stricture had worse clinical outcomes. Stricture formation (odds ratio [OR], 9.350; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.842 to 30.762), inflammatory polyps (OR, 5.464; 95% CI, 1.692 to 17.638), disease duration of more than 10 years (OR, 3.223; 95% CI, 1.040 to 9.985), and age >40 years at diagnosis (OR, 8.499; 95% CI, 1.903 to 37.956) were significantly associated with high-grade dysplasia or colorectal cancer. In addition, disease duration of more than 5 years (OR, 3.211; 95% CI, 1.168 to 8.881), moderated anemia (OR, 3.373; 95% CI, 1.472 to 7.731), and primary sclerosing cholangitis (OR, 5,842; 95% CI, 1.395 to 24.468) were contributing factors for the development of colorectal stricture. @*Conclusions@#Colorectal stricture had the highest risk for malignant transformation.Earlier initiation of colonoscopic surveillance in UC patients with risk factors for stricture should be considered to prevent stricture formation and further malignant transformation.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2565-2572, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent studies have reported circular RNA (circRNA) expression profiles in various tissue types; however, circRNA expression profile in human epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) remains undefined. This work aimed to compare circRNA expression patterns in EAT between the heart failure (HF) and non-HF groups.@*METHODS@#RNA-sequencing was carried out to compare circRNA expression patterns in EAT specimens from coronary artery disease cases between the HF and non-HF groups. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed for validation. Comparisons of patient characteristics between the two groups were using t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-squared test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 141 circRNAs substantially different between the HF and non-HF groups (P 2) were detected, including 56 up-regulated and 85 down-regulated. Among them, hsa_circ_0005565 stood out, for it had the highest fold change and was significantly increased in HF patients in quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction validation. The top highly expressed EAT circRNAs corresponded to genes involved in cell proliferation and inflammatory response, including GSE1, RHOBTB3, HIPK3, UBXN7, PCMTD1, N4BP2L2, CFLAR, EPB41L2, FCHO2, FNDC3B, and SPECC1. The top enriched Gene Ontology term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway were positive regulation of metabolic processes and insulin resistance, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#These data indicate EAT circRNAs may contribute to the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders causing HF.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Gene Ontology , Heart Failure/genetics , Humans , RNA, Circular , Sequence Analysis, RNA
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787738

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety in the elderly aged 60 years and older in China. The elderly aged 60 years and older were selected from the China Short-term Health Effects of Air Pollution Study conducted between July 18, 2017 and February 7, 2018. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety. A total of 3 897 elderly aged 60 years and older were included in the study. The age of the elderly was (73.4±8.0) years old. Among the elderly surveyed, 6.5 were defined with anxiety, and 18.7 reported poor sleep quality. Multivariate logistic regression models showed shorter sleep duration was the risk factor for anxiety in the elderly that after adjusting for factors such as general demographics, socioeconomic factors, lifestyle, health status, social support and ambient fine particulates exposure. Compared with the elderly with 7 hours of sleep duration daily, the (95) of anxiety for those with sleep duration ≤ 6 hours was 2.09 (1.49-2.93). Compared with those with good sleep quality, the (95) of anxiety for those with poor sleep quality was 5.12 (3.88-6.77). We also found statistically significant correlations of the scores of subscales of Pittsburgh sleep quality index with anxiety, in which the effects of sleep disturbance, subjective sleep quality and daytime dysfunction scores were most obvious, the (95) were 4.63 (3.55-6.04), 2.75 (2.33-3.23) and 2.50 (2.19-2.86), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety was more obvious in males and in those aged <80 years. Shorter sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with anxiety in the elderly in China.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety in the elderly aged 60 years and older in China.@*Methods@#The elderly aged 60 years and older were selected from the China Short-term Health Effects of Air Pollution Study conducted between July 18, 2017 and February 7, 2018. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety.@*Results@#A total of 3 897 elderly aged 60 years and older were included in the study. The age of the elderly was (73.4±8.0) years old. Among the elderly surveyed, 6.5% were defined with anxiety, and 18.7% reported poor sleep quality. Multivariate logistic regression models showed shorter sleep duration was the risk factor for anxiety in the elderly that after adjusting for factors such as general demographics, socioeconomic factors, lifestyle, health status, social support and ambient fine particulates exposure. Compared with the elderly with 7 hours of sleep duration daily, the OR (95%CI) of anxiety for those with sleep duration ≤ 6 hours was 2.09 (1.49-2.93). Compared with those with good sleep quality, the OR (95%CI) of anxiety for those with poor sleep quality was 5.12 (3.88-6.77). We also found statistically significant correlations of the scores of subscales of Pittsburgh sleep quality index with anxiety, in which the effects of sleep disturbance, subjective sleep quality and daytime dysfunction scores were most obvious, the ORs (95%CI) were 4.63 (3.55-6.04), 2.75 (2.33-3.23) and 2.50 (2.19-2.86), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the association of sleep duration and sleep quality with anxiety was more obvious in males and in those aged <80 years.@*Conclusion@#Shorter sleep duration and poor sleep quality are associated with anxiety in the elderly in China.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 13-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between SUVmax on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients treated with radical prostatectomy.@*Methods@#The clinicopahtological data of patients evaluated with 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT preoperatively and treated with radical prostatectomy between May 2016 and August 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. 31 patients with a mean age (63.1±4.9) and baseline PSA (72.71±173.15)ng/ml were enrolled. Their BMI mean (24.6±3.0)kg/m2. Baseline testosterone of 14 patients was (4.72±1.64)ng/ml.Based on the Gleason scores related ISUP classification, all patients were classified into grade one in 5 cases, grade 2in 7 cases, grade 3 in 4 cases, grade 4 in 10 cases and grade 5 in 5 cases. The clinical classification included 6 cases in T2a stage, 2 cases in T2b stage, 17 cases in T2c stage, 1 case in T3a stage, 4 cases in T3b stage and 1 case in T4 stage. SUVmax was accessed by two independent professional nuclear medicine physicians. SUVmax was 12.49±9.38. SPSS 16.0 software was used to do statistic analysis.@*Results@#The post-operative pathological results showed the surgical margin positive in 19 cases, negative in 12 cases, vascular positive in 5 cases, negative in 20 case, positive nerve invasion in 20 cases and negative in 11 cases. 2 patients were low risk, 7 patients were medium risk and 22 patients were high risk according to D′Amico classification. Based on the basis of PSA(≤10 or>10) and Gleason score(≤6 or>6), 6 patients were in group with low PSA and low Gleason score, 5 patients were low PSA and high Gleason score, 9 patients were high PSA and low Gleason score, 11 patients were high PSA and high Gleason score. SUVmax had a significant positive relationship with pathological ISUP(r=0.434, P=0.015) and SUVmax in patients with positive intravascular tumor emboli was significantly higher than those with negative intravascular tumor emboli(14.78±10.68 vs. 8.17±2.81, P=0.005). No significant correlation was found between SUVmax and baseline PSA, testosterone, pathologic T stage, surgical margin, nerve invasion, pelvic lymph node status as well as risk stratification. SUVmax could distinguish pathologic ISUP grade 5 with a maximum AUC 0.747 (P=0.033) and the sensitivity was 88.9%. The specificity was 77.3% when SUVmax≥11.34. SUVmax in patients with upgrading ISUP was significantly higher than that in patients with downgrading ISUP (16.01±5.40 vs. 4.98±2.11, P=0.007).@*Conclusions@#SUVmax measured on preoperative 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT may have a clinical significance in predicting unfavorable pathological factors for patients treated with radical prostatectomy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837692

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the clinical effect of Maze Ⅳ in the treatment of elderly patients with valvular heart disease and persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 78 elderly patients with cardiac valve disease combined with persistent AF in our hospital from 2017 to 2018. The patients were allocated to two groups including a trial group (n=37) and a control group (n=41). There were 21 males and 16 females aged 61 to 74 (65.2±2.5) years in the trial group. There were 23 males and 18 females aged 62 to 76 (64.8±3.3) years in the control group. The clinical effects of the two groups were compared. Results    There was no statistical difference in baseline data between the two groups (P>0.05). The aortic occlusion time, extracorporeal circulation time, and operation time of the trial group were longer than those of the control group with statistical differences (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in postoperative ventilator assistance time, complication rate, mortality, ICU retention time, perioperative drainage, red blood cell transfusion volume, or length of hospital stay between the two groups (P>0.05). At the time of discharge, postoperaive 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month, the maintenance rates of sinus rhythm in the control group were statistically different from those of the trial group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, left atrial diameter, left ventricular end diastolic diameter and the decrease of pulmonary artery systolic blood pressure were statistically different (P<0.05). Conclusion    Maze Ⅳ is safe and effective in the treatment of elderly patients with valvular heart disease and persistent AF, which is conducive to the recovery and maintenance of sinus rhythm, and is beneficial to the remodeling of the left atrium and left ventricle and the reduction of pulmonary systolic blood pressure with improvement of life quality of the patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862066

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation for treatment of vein tumor thrombi in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Data of 10 patients with primary HCC complicated with vein tumor thrombi were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 8 cases combined with portal vein tumor thrombi and 2 cases combined with hepatic vein tumor thrombi. Radioactive 125I seed implantation for vein tumor thrombi was performed. Treatment planning system (TPS) was used to make preoperative plan, and dose verification was performed immediately after operation. The effective rate and local control rate of cancer thrombi were observed up till 6 months after operation. Survival analysis was performed, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: 125I seed implantation was successfully completed in all patients. No recurrence of tumor thrombus occurred during post-operation follow-up. The effective rate was 90.00% (9/10), and the disease control rate reached 100% (10/10) 6 months after operation. Postoperative overall survival was 8-36 months. The 1-year and 2-year survival rate was 70.00% and 40.00%, respectively. Intraoperative hepatic hemorrhage and hepatic pain were observed each in 2 cases, while postoperative mild nausea and decreased appetite occurred in 2 cases. No acute and late radiation damage and serious complications occurred. Conclusion: CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation is safe and effective for treatment of vein tumor thrombi in patients with primary HCC.

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