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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 608-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986178

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of entecavir combined with Biejiajian pills and its influence on TCM syndrome scores during the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome by prospective, randomized and controlled study. Methods: Patients with chronic hepatitis B with hepatic fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome were selected as the research subjects and randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group. Entecavir plus Biejiajian pills or entecavir plus a simulant of Biejiajian pills were given for 48 weeks. The changes in liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and TCM syndrome scores before and after treatment were compared between the two groups to analyze the correlation. The data between groups were analyzed by t-test/Wilcoxon rank sum test or χ(2) test. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. Results: After 48 weeks of treatment, the LSM values of the two groups were significantly lower than those of the baseline (P < 0.001), liver fibrosis was significantly improved, and the LSM values of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group [(8.67 ± 4.60) kPa and (10.13 ± 4.43) kPa, t = -2.011, P = 0.049]. After 48 weeks of treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of the two groups were significantly reduced compared with the baseline (P < 0.001), and the clinical symptoms were significantly relieved, and the total effective rates of the improvement of the TCM syndrome scores in the two groups were 74.19% and 72.97%, respectively, but the differences between the groups were not statistically significant (χ(2) = 0.013, P = 0.910). Correlation analysis showed that there was no obvious trend between TCM syndrome scores and LSM values. There were no serious adverse reactions associated with the drug during the observation period of this study. Conclusion: Based on antiviral treatment with entecavir, regardless of whether it is combined with the Biejiajian pill, it can effectively reduce the LSM value, improve liver fibrosis, reduce TCM syndrome scores, and alleviate symptoms in patients with chronic hepatitis B with liver fibrosis and blood stasis syndrome. Compared with entecavir alone, the combined Biejia pill has greater efficacy in improving liver fibrosis and a favorable safety profile, meriting its implementation and widespread application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 277-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971262

ABSTRACT

Objective: To propose a new staging system for presacral recurrence of rectal cancer and explore the factors influencing radical resection of such recurrences based on this staging system. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, clinical data of 51 patients with presacral recurrence of rectal cancer who had undergone surgical treatment in the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital between January 2008 and September 2022 were collected. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) primary rectal cancer without distant metastasis that had been radically resected; (2) pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer confirmed by multi-disciplinary team assessment based on CT, MRI, positron emission tomography, physical examination, surgical exploration, and pathological examination of biopsy tissue in some cases; and (3) complete inpatient, outpatient and follow-up data. The patients were allocated to radical resection and non-radical resection groups according to postoperative pathological findings. The study included: (1) classification of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type I: no involvement of the sacrum; Type II: involvement of the low sacrum, but no other sites; Type III: involvement of the high sacrum, but no other sites; and Type IV: involvement of the sacrum and other sites. (2) Assessment of postoperative presacral recurrence, overall survival from surgery to recurrence, and duration of disease-free survival. (3) Analysis of factors affecting radical resection of pre-sacral recurrence of rectal cancer. Non-normally distributed measures are expressed as median (range). The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. Results: The median follow-up was 25 (2-96) months with a 100% follow-up rate. The rate of metachronic distant metastasis was significantly lower in the radical resection than in the non-radical resection group (24.1% [7/29] vs. 54.5% [12/22], χ2=8.333, P=0.026). Postoperative disease-free survival was longer in the radical resection group (32.7 months [3.0-63.0] vs. 16.1 [1.0-41.0], Z=8.907, P=0.005). Overall survival was longer in the radical resection group (39.2 [3.0-66.0] months vs. 28.1 [1.0-52.0] months, Z=1.042, P=0.354). According to univariate analysis, age, sex, distance between the tumor and anal verge, primary tumor pT stage, and primary tumor grading were not associated with achieving R0 resection of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer (all P>0.05), whereas primary tumor pN stage, anatomic staging of presacral recurrence, and procedure for managing presacral recurrence were associated with rate of R0 resection (all P<0.05). According to multifactorial analysis, the pathological stage of the primary tumor pN1-2 (OR=3.506, 95% CI: 1.089-11.291, P=0.035), type of procedure (transabdominal resection: OR=29.250, 95% CI: 2.789 - 306.811, P=0.005; combined abdominal perineal resection: OR=26.000, 95% CI: 2.219-304.702, P=0.009), and anatomical stage of presacral recurrence (Type III: OR=16.000, 95% CI: 1.542 - 166.305, P = 0.020; type IV: OR= 36.667, 95% CI: 3.261 - 412.258, P = 0.004) were all independent risk factors for achieving radical resection of anterior sacral recurrence after rectal cancer surgery. Conclusion: Stage of presacral recurrences of rectal cancer is an independent predictor of achieving R0 resection. It is possible to predict whether radical resection can be achieved on the basis of the patient's medical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Pelvis/pathology , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
3.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 110-115, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986487

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of peripheral blood LMR and LMR/LDH on the prognosis of primary Waldeyer's Ring DLBCL patients. Methods We collected 71 patients with primary Waldeyer's Ring DLBCL. The ROC curve was used to determine the optimal critical values of LMR and LMR/LDH before treatment. The chi-square test was used to analyze the constituent ratio and rate of high and low LMR groups as well as high and low LMR/LDH groups. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate. Log rank method and Cox risk regression model were used for univariate and multivariate analyses, respectively. Results The optimal critical values of LMR and LMR/LDH were 2.97 and 1.56, respectively. The prognosis of patients in the high LMR group was significantly better than that in the low LMR group (P < 0.001). The prognosis of patients in the high LMR/LDH group was significantly better than that in the low LMR/LDH group (P < 0.001). Univariate analysis showed that age, B symptoms, clinical stage, treatment efficacy, IPI score, LDH level, LMR and LMR/LDH were important factors that influenced the prognosis of early-stage Waldeyer's Ring DLBCL. Multivariate analysis showed that the age, clinical stage and LMR/LDH were independent prognostic factors. Conclusion LMR and LMR/LDH before treatment may have certain value in predicting the prognosis of Waldeyer's Ring DLBCL patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 586-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933127

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and significance of α-synuclein(α-syn)on the expression level of β-arrestin 2 in Parkinson's disease(PD)in a mouse model.Methods:Twenty-eight C57BL/6J mice with similar motor skills were randomly divided into a model group and a control group, with 14 mice in each group.A PD model was established by injecting preformed fibrils of α-syn into the striatum of the brain, and behavioral changes were monitored after 4 weeks.The expression levels of α-syn, the dopamine receptor(DR), tyrosine hydroxylase(TH), inflammatory factors, β-arrestin 2 and the nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB)signaling pathway-related proteins were determined by Western blotting.The interaction between α-syn and β-arrestin 2 was detected by fluorescence resonance energy transfer(FRET), and the regulation of α-syn on β-arrestin 2 transcriptional activation was detected by the dual luciferase report assay.Results:After 4 weeks of modeling, compared with the control group, the average movement speed of mice in the model group was significantly reduced( t=9.415, P<0.001), the movement track was sparse and concentrated around the open field, and the time needed to climb the pole was significantly prolonged( t=16.412, P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the relative expression of α-synin in astrocytes in the model group increased significantly, the relative expressions of D1DR and TH decreased significantly[(1.14±0.18) vs.(0.53±0.16), (0.67±0.13) vs.(1.15±0.11), (0.46±0.05) vs.(0.81±0.06)]( t=9.810, 10.917 and 17.356, all P<0.001), the relative expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins increased significantly( t=3.583, 4.284, 5.396, 11.747, 16.375 and 18.294, all P<0.001), and the relative expression of β-arrestin 2 protein[(0.42±0.11) vs.(1.33±0.14)]in astrocytes decreased significantly( t=19.795, P<0.001). The FRET results suggested a possible direct interaction between α-syn and β-arrestin 2.The results of the dual luciferase report assay showed that the transcription activity of β-arrestin 2 was significantly increased after α-syn gene knockout. Conclusions:The α-syn may induce inflammation in astrocytes by activating the NF-κB signaling pathway and participate in the pathogenesis of PD by reducing dopamine biosynthesis and inhibiting its physiological function through negative regulation of β-arrestin 2.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2358-2373, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929384

ABSTRACT

Obesity is increasingly prevalent globally, searching for therapeutic agents acting on adipose tissue is of great importance. Equisetin (EQST), a meroterpenoid isolated from a marine sponge-derived fungus, has been reported to display antibacterial and antiviral activities. Here, we revealed that EQST displayed anti-obesity effects acting on adipose tissue through inhibiting adipogenesis in vitro and attenuating HFD-induced obesity in mice, doing so without affecting food intake, blood pressure or heart rate. We demonstrated that EQST inhibited the enzyme activity of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), a therapeutic target of obesity in adipose tissue. Anti-obesity properties of EQST were all offset by applying excessive 11β-HSD1's substrates and 11β-HSD1 inhibition through knockdown in vitro or 11β-HSD1 knockout in vivo. In the 11β-HSD1 bypass model constructed by adding excess 11β-HSD1 products, EQST's anti-obesity effects disappeared. Furthermore, EQST directly bond to 11β-HSD1 protein and presented remarkable better intensity on 11β-HSD1 inhibition and better efficacy on anti-obesity than known 11β-HSD1 inhibitor. Therefore, EQST can be developed into anti-obesity candidate compound, and this study may provide more clues for developing higher effective 11β-HSD1 inhibitors.

6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1216-1222, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of severe ultrasound measurement of internal jugular vein dilation index (ΔIJV) combined with passive leg raising (PLR) in predicting the volume responsiveness of septic shock.Methods:Patients diagnosed with septic shock under complete mechanical ventilation in the ICU of Jinshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January 2020 to March 2021 were prospectively selected as the research objects. After 500 mL crystals were injected within 30 min, the patients having the "gold standard" left stroke volume (SV) increased by 15% were allocated to the volume response positive group, and patient having an SV increased by less than 15% to the volume response negative group. First, the maximum anterior posterior diameter (IJV max) and the minimum anterior posterior diameter (IJV min) in the respiratory cycle of internal jugular vein were measured by ultrasound, then SV before and after PLR was measured, and finally SV, IJV max and IJV min were measured again after rapid infusion of 500 mL crystals, and ΔIJV=(IJV max-IJV min)/(IJV mean)×100%. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to compare the hemodynamic indexes before and after capacity expansion and PLR. Spearman rank method was used to analyze the change rate of SV (ΔSV) after PLR and the correlation between ΔIJV and ΔSV of the "gold standard". The sensitivity, specificity and relevant cut-off values were obtained by drawing the subject function curve to evaluate the value of ΔIJV and PLR in predicting the volume responsiveness of patients with sepsis. Results:A total of 56 patients were enrolled in the study, and they were divided into two groups: 32 patients in the volume response positive group and 24 patients in the volume response negative group. There was a positive correlation between ΔIJV and ΔSV after capacity expansion ( r=0.778, P<0.01). Taking ΔIJV>17.3% as the threshold, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.846 (95% CI: 0.716~0.977), the sensitivity was 84.4% and the specificity was 83.3%. PLR was also positively correlated with ΔSV ( r=0.698, P<0.01). Taking ΔSV>15.5% after PLR as the threshold, the AUC was 0.895 (95% CI: 0.796~0.993), the sensitivity was 96.9%, and the specificity was 79.2%. When ΔIJV combined with PLR predicted volume reactivity, the AUC was 0.944 (95% CI: 0.862~1.000), the sensitivity was 99.8% and the specificity was 87.5%. Conclusions:The measurement of internal jugular vein respiratory dilation index by bedside ultrasound is a reliable index to predict volume responsiveness in patients with sepsis. When combined with PLR, the sensitivity and specificity of prediction can be improved.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 26-32, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940617

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Wutou Chishizhi Wan in regulating autophagy and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) signaling pathway in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI). MethodSixty male SD rats were randomly assigned into the normal group (normal saline), model group (normal saline), positive control (trimetazidine, 5.4 mg·kg-1) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose (1.63, 4.9, 14.7 g·kg-1, respectively) Wutou Chishizhi Wan groups, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in other groups except the normal group underwent left anterior descending coronary artery ligation for modeling. Electrocardiogram was employed to detect the ST-segment elevation to evaluate the modeling. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to reveal the damage of myocardial tissue. The levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and creatine kinase (CK) were determined by colorimetry, and those of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and myoglobin (MYO) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Western blot was carried out to determine the protein levels of microtubule-associated proteins 1 light chain 3 (LC3), autophagy-related gene Beclin-1, PI3K, Akt, GSK-3β, p-GSK-3β, and p-Akt. ResultCompared with the normal group, the modeling elevated the serum levels of AST, CK, cTnT, and MYO (P<0.01), destroyed the arrangement of myocardial cells abd nucle, twisted and broken myocardial fibers, up-regulated the protein levels of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and Beclin-1 (P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein levels of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3β (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, trimetazidine and Wutou Chishizhi Wan (all the doses) lowered the levels of AST, CK, cTnT, and MYO in serum (P<0.01), restored the arrangement of myocardial cells and muscle fibers, reduced necrosis, down-regulated the protein level of Beclin-1 (P<0.01), and up-regulated the protein levels of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3β (P<0.01). Additionally, Wutou Chishizhi Wan (all the doses) down-regulated the protein level of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with those in the trimetazidine group, the serum AST level rose in the low-dose Wutou Chishizhi Wan group (P<0.05) and declined in the high-dose group (P<0.01), and the protein level of Beclin-1 was down-regulated in the medium-dose group (P<0.01). Additionally, the trimetazidine group had higher protein level of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ than medium- and high-dose Wutou Chishizhi Wan groups (P<0.05, P<0.01), higher protein level of PI3K than low-, medium-, and high-dose groups (P<0.01), lower protein level of p-Akt than low- and medium-dose groups (P<0.01), and higher p-GSK-3β protein level than the medium-dose group (P<0.01). ConclusionDifferent doses of Wutou Chishizhi Wan can ameliorate MIRI, and the high dose has the best effect. Wutou Chishizhi Wan can reduce the activity of myocardial injury markers AST, CK, cTnT, and MYO, and alleviate the pathological damage of myocardial tissue. It can down-regulate the protein levels of beclin-1, LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ, and up-regulate those of PI3K, p-Akt, and p-GSK-3β. In summary, Wutou Chishizhi Wan may inhibit excessive autophagy and regulate the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway to exert protective effect on MIRI rats.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 755-759, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of gene mutation in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its effect on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratorial characteristics of 54 AML patients (≥60 years old) in Department of Hematology, Tangdu Hospital were analyzed retrospectively during April 2016 to October 2019. Thirty-four AML/myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm related mutant genes were detected by second-generation sequencing technology, and their clinical characteristics, treatment effect, and influence on prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients received DAC+CAG induction treatment, after 1-2 couses of treatment, 36 cases (66.7%) achieved complete response, with a total effective rate of 75.9%, and the median survival time was 17 months. The most frequent mutant genes were TET2 (33.3%), CEBPA (31.5%), DNMT3A (18.5%), ASXL1 (16.7%), NRAS (14.8%), RUNX1 (14.8%), FLT3-ITD (12.9%), TP53 (12.9%), NPM1 (12.9%), and IDH2 (12.9%). Among 7 patients with TP53 mutation, 6 cases obtained complete response after 1-2 courses of induction treatment, but there was no statistically significant difference in the effect on prognosis. Patients with FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations had shorter overall survival time compared with who had no mutation (P=0.47, P=0.48). Multivariate analysis showed that FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations were poor prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of TET2 gene mutation is high in elderly AML patients. AML patients with TET2 and TP53 mutations may benefit from Decitabine-based chemotherapy. However, patients with FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations have a short survival time, and may have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2399-2404, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937040

ABSTRACT

Equisetin (EQST) belongs to polyketide (PKS)-nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) type compound with an inhibitory effect of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) enzyme activity. This study investigated anti-obesity effect and insulin resistance improvement effect of EQST on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced ob/ob mice model. EQST treatment effectively reduced the body weight gain, fat weight gain and blood lipid content of model mice. All animal experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Capital Institute of Pediatrics. EQST alleviated adipose tissue expansion and hepatic ballooning degeneration of model mice, and also effectively controlled the blood glucose content after glucose load and insulin load, showed a significant improvement in obesity and insulin resistance. EQST inhibited adipogenic proteins fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), and upregulated thermogenic protein (uncoupling protein 1, UCP1) through suppressing 11β-HSD1 protein expression. In addition, EQST widely upregulates mitochondrial respiratory metabolism related proteins in adipose tissue and may improve insulin resistance through phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. Therefore, EQST plays an anti-obesity role by promoting adipose tissue thermogenesis and improving insulin resistance, which may provide reliable clues for improving obesity and diabetes.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4214-4221, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888083

ABSTRACT

As recorded, agarwood has the function of improving qi reception and relieving asthma, but the underlying mechanism is unclear and rarely reported. Therefore, this study explored the anti-asthmatic effect of the alcohol extract of agarwood produced by the whole-tree agarwood-inducing technique(Agar-Wit) in the asthma mouse model induced by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin(OVA) + Al(OH)_3 combined with intranasal administration of OVA and the mechanism, and compared the anti-asthmatic effects of agarwood induced with different methods. Firstly, the anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects of Agar-Wit agarwood in mice were evaluated based on the asthma frequency, lung tissue injury, and peripheral inflammatory white blood cell(WBC) count and eosinophil count. Then, the levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), IL-17, and IL-10 in serum of mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay(ELISA) and the expression of inflammation-and apoptosis-related genes in tissues was measured by reverse transcription polyme-rase chain reaction(RT-PCR) so as to preliminarily explore the anti-asthmatic mechanism. RESULTS:: showed that the alcohol extract of Agar-Wit agarwood significantly reduced asthma frequency, relieved pathological injury, improved peripheral WBC count and eosinophil count, decreased the levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-17, elevated the level of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, and down-regulated the mRNA expression of IL-1 R, tumor necrosis factor receptor R(TNFR), nuclear transcription factor-kappa B(NF-κB), Bax, and caspase 3, but had no significant influence on the expression of high-mobility group box 1(HMGB1) protein, caspase 8, and Bcl-2. The effect of Agar-Wit agarwood alcohol extract was better than that of wild agarwood alcohol extract and alcohol extract of agarwood induced with the burning-chisel-drilling method at the same dose. In conclusion, Agar-Wit agarwood can significantly alleviate inflammation and asthma, which is related to its anti-inflammation and anti-apoptosis activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Anti-Asthmatic Agents , Asthma/drug therapy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Disease Models, Animal , Lung , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B , Ovalbumin , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use
11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 477-481, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908325

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of plasma soluble leukocyte differentiation antigen 14 subtype(Presepsin) combined with neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin(NGAL) in the early diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in children.Methods:A total of 94 children with sepsis admitted to our hospital from June 2017 to October 2020 were selected, 41 children with shock were classified as septic shock group, and 53 children without shock were classified as sepsis group.Another 41 healthy children in our hospital during the same period were selected as the control group.The plasma levels of Presepsin, NGAL, procalcitonin(PCT) and C-reactive protein(CRP)were detected in three groups.The pediatric critical illness score and sequential organ failure(SOFA)score of children with sepsis were recorded.According to the mortality of the children within 28 days of admission, they were divided into survival group( n=75)and death group( n=19). The plasma levels of Presepsin, NGAL, PCT and CRP, pediatric critical illness score and SOFA score were compared between the survival group and the death group.Pearson test and receiver operating characteristic curve were used to analyze the correlation between plasma Presepsin, NGAL and pediatric critical illness score, SOFA score, and the predictive value of early diagnosis and prognosis of sepsis in children. Results:The levels of plasma Presepsin, NGAL, PCT and CRP in sepsis group and septic shock group were higher than those in control group, and those in septic shock group were higher than those in sepsis group( P<0.05). The plasma levels of Presepsin, NGAL, PCT, CRP and SOFA scores in death group were higher than those in survival group, and the pediatric critical illness score in death group was lower than that in survival group( P<0.05). Plasma Presepsin and NGAL were negatively correlated with pediatric critical illness score( r=-0.676, P<0.001; r=-0.664, P<0.001), and positively correlated with SOFA score( r=0.781, P<0.001; r=0.749, P<0.001). When the plasma Presepsin level was 468.91 ng/L, the sensitivity of area under curve(AUC) for sepsis diagnosis was 85.6% and the specificity was 77.5%.When the plasma NGAL level was 38.94 ng/mL, the sensitivity of AUC for sepsis diagnosis was 82.4%, and the specificity was 65.8%.The AUC of plasma Presepsin combined with NGAL for early diagnosis of sepsis was 0.912(95% CI 0.865 to 0.959), which was higher than of plasma Presepsin of 0.857(95% CI 0.785 to 0.928) and the AUC of NGAL of 0.761(95% CI 0.680 to 0.841). When the plasma Presepsin level was 816.92 ng/L, the sensitivity for predicting the prognosis of sepsis was 73.2% and the specificity was 76.1%.When the plasma NGAL level was 51.27 ng/mL, the sensitivity for predicting the prognosis of sepsis was 67.4% and the specificity was 68.0%.The AUC of plasma Presepsin combined with NGAL to predict the prognosis of sepsis was 0.891(95% CI 0.816 to 0.966), which was higher than the AUC of plasma Presepsin of 0.795(95% CI 0.698 to 0.892) and NGAL of AUC 0.714(95% CI 0.577 to 0.851). Conclusion:Clinical detection of plasma Presepsin and NGAL levels is helpful to early diagnosis of sepsis and judge the severity of the disease in children, which has guiding significance in evaluating the prognosis, and is beneficial to improve the prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1568-1573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression level of β-arrestin 1/2 in mice with Parkinson's disease(PD)and its relationship with pathogenesis of PD.Methods:PD model was prepared by using 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride(MPTP). The mice were killed at 3 days after the last administration and the brain tissue was taken for observing brain histopathological changes.The colocalization of β-arrestin1/2 with microglia was detected by using immunofluorescence double-labeling of β-arrestin1/2 and microglia.Tyrosine hydroxylase(TH)and Iba-1 were used to label cells, and then the loss of dopaminergic neurons and the activation of microglia were observed by immunohistochemistry.Results:As compared with the blank control group, the relative expression level of β-arrestin1 protein in brain tissue of PD mice was increased significantly, while the relative expression level of β-arrestin2 protein was decreased significantly( t=11.535, 9.948, both P=0.000), and β-arrestin1/2 shared cell localization with microglia.After MPTP induced PD, the number of Th + neurons in SNc area of midbrain was decreased significantly in β-arrestin1 + /+ group and β-arrestin1 -/- group( t=4.098, 3.571, P=0.000, 0.001), while the number of Iba-1 + cells in SNc area of midbrain was increased significantly( t=10.097、6.448, both P=0.000). After MPTP induced PD, the number of Th + neurons in SNc area of midbrain was decreased significantly in β-arrestin2 + /+ group and β-arrestin2 -/- group( t=3.512, 5.237, P=0.001, 0.000), while the number of Iba-1 + cells in SNc area of midbrain was increased significantly( t=5.816、8.402, P=0.000). Compared with β-arrestin1 + /+ group, the expressions of TRAF6, NF-κB and COX-2 in mouse microglia were significantly increased in β-arrestin1 -/- group( t=5.324, 5.837, 9.350, all P=0.0000). Compared with β-arrestin2 + /+ group, the expressions of TRAF6, NF-κB and COX-2 in mouse microglia were significantly down-regulated in β-arrestin2 -/- group( t=5.094, 6.318, 9.466, all P=0.000). Conclusions:The expression of β-arrestin1 is up-regulated and β-arrestin2 is down-regulated in brain tissue of PD mice.β-arrestin1/2 may affect the proliferation and activation of microglia and the loss of dopaminergic neurons through TRAF6/NF-κB/COX-2 pathway, and participate in the pathological process of PD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 790-794, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883064

ABSTRACT

Hyperphosphatemia is one of the common complications in maintenance hemodialysis patients and is closely related to cardiovascular disease and related death events. Therefore, the effective management of blood phosphorus is an important link to improve the prognosis of patients with maintenance hemodialysis. This study on maintenance hemodialysis patients with hyperphosphatemia 3Ds management including diet, along with the progress of dialysis and drug related nursing intervention were summarized, discuss how to reasonable dietary phosphorus limited, improve the efficiency of dialysis, and the correct use of problems still existing in phosphate binder, in order to reduce hyperphosphatemia to provide the reference for clinical nursing practice.

14.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 267-273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953659

ABSTRACT

Objective: The moisture content in the soil directly affects the yield and quality of Panax notoginseng, especially at the age of three years old. However, the suitable moisture for the growth of P. notoginseng is unknown. In this study, the effects of different soil moisture on the growth of P. notoginseng were studied. Methods: Four different water treatments (0.45 field capacity (FC), 0.60 FC, 0.70 FC, and 0.85 FC) were set up in Shilin County, Yunnan Province, China. The water consumption and daily dynamic of water consumption were determined daily (from April 21 to October 18, 2012), and the daily dynamic of water consumption under different weather conditions (sunny and rainy) was determined. The transpiration coefficient and water use efficiency were calculated through dry matter accumulation and total water consumption. Accumulation of saponins of roots of P. notoginseng were analyzed by HPLC after treated, and the soil moisture content suitable for the growth of P. notoginseng was estimated by regression fitting of the active ingredient accumulation and the soil moisture content. Results: The water consumption of 0.85 FC, 0.70 FC, 0.60 FC and 0.45 FC were 2.89, 3.68, 3.37 and 2.73 kg/plant per day, respectively. The water consumption of P. notoginseng from June to August was greater than other months. The daily dynamic of water consumption on sunny days and sunny days after rain showed a “double peak” feature, and it showed a “single peak” feature on rainy days. The water uses efficiency (WUE) of 0.85 FC, 0.70 FC, 0.60 FC and 0.45 FC were 2.51, 3.32, 4.59, 3.39 gDW/kg H

15.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 515-525, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Plant-derived cytotoxic transgene expression, such as trichosanthin (tcs), regulated by recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector is a promising cancer gene therapy. However, the cytotoxic transgene can hamper the vector production in the rAAV producer cell line, human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Here, we explored microRNA-122 (miR122) and its target sequence to limit the expression of the cytotoxic gene in the rAAV producer cells.@*METHODS@#A miR122 target (122T) sequence was incorporated into the 3' untranslated region of the tcs cDNA sequence. The firefly luciferase (fluc) transgene was used as an appropriate control. Cell line HEK293-mir122 was generated by the lentiviral vector-mediated genome integration of the mir122 gene in parental HEK293 cells. The effects of miR122 overexpression on cell growth, transgene expression, and rAAV production were determined.@*RESULTS@#The presence of 122T sequence significantly reduced transgene expression in the miR122-enriched Huh7 cell line (in vitro), fresh human hepatocytes (ex vivo), and mouse liver (in vivo). Also, the normal liver physiology was unaffected by delivery of 122T sequence by rAAV vectors. Compared with the parental cells, the miR122-overexpressing HEK293-mir122 cell line showed similar cell growth rate and expression of transgene without 122T, as well as the ability to produce liver-targeting rAAV vectors. Fascinatingly, the yield of rAAV vectors carrying the tcs-122T gene was increased by 77.7-fold in HEK293-mir122 cells. Moreover, the tcs-122T-containing rAAV vectors significantly reduced the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells without affecting the normal liver cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HEK293-mir122 cells along with the 122T sequence provide a potential tool to attenuate the cytotoxic transgene expression, such as tcs, during rAAV vector production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Dependovirus/genetics , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors/genetics , HEK293 Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Trichosanthin
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1741-1745, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients with ASXL1 mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 229 newly diagnosed AML patients treated in our hospital from April 2016 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect gene mutations in all the patients, the clinical characteristics of the patients with ASXL1 mutation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ASXL1 gene mutation was detected out in 45 patients(19.6%). Among these patients, the frameshift mutation (n=22,48.9%) was most common, followed by missense mutation (n=15, 33.3%) and nonsense mutation (n=8,17.8%), respectively, all of them were located at exon 12. The median mutation rate was 32.47%(range, 2.74%-53.50%). The median age of the patients with ASXL1 mutation was 54(range, 14-74) years old, and most of the patients were male, and most of them with the history of MDS or MPN, and low white blood cell count at the initial diagnosed (P<0.05). Patients with ASXL1 mutation showed a lower CR rate than that of without ASXL1 mutation. Patients with or without ASXL1 mutation showed a statistically significant difference in survival at 20 months (P=0.042), while there was no significant difference between the patients in the two groups over 20 months (P=0.505). All the 6 patients with ASXL1 mutation in low-risk group were survived, while the median OS time was 16 months in the high-risk group(P=0.034). Multivariate analysis showed that the history of MDS or MPN and CR rate from induction therapy were the independent risk factors affecting survival of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Frameshift mutation is commonly in AML patients with ASXL1 gene mutation, and ASXL1 mutation were more often in men, the history of MDS or MPN, and low white blood cell count. The CR rate of the patients with ASXL1 mutation was lower than that of the AML patients without ASXL1 mutations, AML patients with ASXL1 mutation showed poor short-term efficacy, but there was no significant difference between the two groups in long-term survival over 20 months.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Prognosis , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4036-4046, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921484

ABSTRACT

N-glycosylation modification, one of the most common protein post-translational modifications, occurs in heat shock protein gp96. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of N-glycosylation modification on immunologic function of the recombinant gp96 using the mutant gp96 in N-glycosylation sites. Firstly, wild-type and mutant gp96 proteins were expressed by insect expression system and their glycosylation levels were detected. To determine the effect of N-glycosylation on gp96 antigen presentation function, the IFN-γ+ CD8+ T cells in gp96-immunized mice and secretion level of IFN-γ were examined by flow cytometry and ELISA. The ATPase activity of gp96 was further detected by the ATPase kit. Finally, the effect of N-glycosylation on adjuvant function of gp96 for influenza vaccine was investigated in immunized mice. It was found that total sugar content of mutant recombinant gp96 was reduced by 27.8%. Compared to the wild type recombinant gp96, mutations in N-glycosylation sites resulted in decreased antigen presentation ability and ATPase activity of gp96. Furthermore, influenza vaccine-specific T cell levels induced by mutant gp96 as adjuvant were dramatically reduced compared to those by wild type recombinant gp96. These results demonstrate that N-glycosylation modification is involved in regulation of ATPase activity and antigen presentation function of gp96, thereby affecting its adjuvant function. The results provide the technical bases for development of gp96- adjuvanted vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adjuvants, Immunologic , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Glycosylation , Heat-Shock Proteins , Influenza Vaccines
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 73-78, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Xiao Jianzhongtang on Adenylate-activated protein kinase/peroxidase proliferation-activated receptor coactivator 1-α (AMPK/PGC1-α) signaling pathway in skeletal muscle of exercise fatigue mice.Method:Forty Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Buzhong Yiqitang group and Xiao Jianzhongtang group, with 10 mice in each group. The model group, Buzhong Yiqitang group and Xiao Jianzhongtang group were trained on the treadmill to establish a fatigue model, and the normal group did not apply any intervention. At the same time as the treadmill training, the model group was given the same amount of normal saline. Xiao Jianzhongtang was administered with 5 g·kg-1 of medicine, and Buzhong Yiqitang was administered with 2.8 g·kg-1 of medicine for 6 days. After the experiment, the weight of each group of mice and the time of running out of exhaustion were measured,the colorimetric method was used to detect the serum urea (UREA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), muscle glycogen (MG), and skeletal muscle of each group of mice Na+-K+-ATPase, Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase content, pathological changes of skeletal muscle of each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of AMPK and PGC1-α in skeletal muscle of each group .Result:Compared with normal group, the body weight of model group significantly decreased (P<0.01), and the contents of Na+-K+-ATPase, Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase, LDH, and MG significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The content of UREA increased significantly (P<0.01), and the expression of AMPK and PGC1-α protein increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the mice in the Xiao Jianzhongtang group had significantly increased body weight (P<0.05), significantly increased the time spent on treadmill exhaustion(P<0.01), Na+-K+-ATPase, Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase, LDH, and MG. The content increased significantly(P<0.05, P<0.01), the content of UREA decreased significantly (P<0.01), and the expression of AMPK and PGC1-α protein increased significantly (P<0.01).Conclusion:Xiao Jianzhongtang has an anti-exercise fatigue effect, which may be related to enhancing skeletal muscle AMPK/PGC1-α pathway,enhancing mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation,reducing accumulation of metabolites,slowing down glycogen consumption and decomposition,and enhancing skeletal muscle energy synthesis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 40-47, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of Wutou Chishizhi Wan on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) in rats, and observe its effect on such mechanisms as coagulation function, vascular endothelial cells and oxidative stress in rats. Method:A total of 40 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive drug group (Urokinase group) and Wutou Chishizhi Wan group, with 10 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury models were established. The changes of heart rate (HR) at 10 min before ischemia, 30 min after ischemia and 30, 60, 120 min (T0,T1,T2,T3,T4), and the change of electrocardiogram (ECG) J point after modeling in rats were observed. The pathological changes of rat myocardial tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The changes of four indexes of coagulation [prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen content decreased significantly (FIB)] in rats were observed. The contents of endothelin-1 (ET-1), thromboxane A2 (TXA2) and prostacyclin (PGI2) in serum and myocardium levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) of MIRI rats were observed. Western blot assay was used for the detection of oxidative stress protein Keap1 and transcription factor-E2-related factor (Nrf2) expression levels in rat myocardial tissue. Result:Compared with the normal group, the ECG of MIRI rats showed significant myocardial ischemic injury-like changes, ST segment was significantly elevated, J point was significantly increased, and the incidences of HR in T1, T2, T3 and T4 were significantly reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Wutou Chishizhi Wan significantly reduced ECG J-point changes in MIRI rats, while increased the incidence of HR in T1, T2, T3 and T4 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the normal group, PT, APTT and TT in the model group were significantly shortened (P<0.01), FIB content was significantly increased (P<0.01), and the serum PGI2 level decreased and TXA2 and ET-1 levels increased significantly in the model group (P<0.01). SOD content and GSH-Px activities of myocardial tissue in the model group were significantly reduced (P<0.01), whereas the MDA content was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, PT of the Wutou Chishizhi Wan group was prolonged (P<0.05) and APTT slightly prolonged, TT significantly prolonged (P<0.01), FIB content decreased (P<0.05), serum PGI2 increased (P<0.05), TXA2 and ET-1 decreased significantly in the Wutou Chishizhi Wan group (P<0.01), myocardial MDA content decreased, and SOD content and GSP-Px activity increased significantly (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the Wutou Chishizhi Wan group was able to activate the Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway, which significantly increased Nrf2 expression and significantly decreased Keap1 expression (P<0.01). Conclusion:Wutou Chishizhi Wan group can protect myocardial injury in MIRI rats. The specific mechanism is to protect MIRI by regulating vascular endothelial cell homeostasis and oxidative stress levels and activating Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 51-56, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869591

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of concomitant carcinoma in situ (CCIS) on tumor survival for the upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC) through systematic review and meta-analysis.Methods In the light of Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines,a systematic search of Web of Science,PubMed and EMBASE China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang database by key words "upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma"" renal sputum cancer concomitant carcinoma in situ",and "radical ureterectomy" were performed for all reports that included detailed results on the predictors of CCIS.The search deadline is June 2019,and the search terms are English and Chinese.Methodological quality evaluation was performed using the QUIPS tool,and statistical analysis of the relevant data was performed using Stata 12.0 and RevMan 5.3 software.Results Sixteen articles were included in this study and all published between 2012 and 2019.A total of 11 131 patients with UTUC,including 1 774 (15.9%) patients with CCIS.According to our final results,there was a significant correlation of CCIS with worse cancer-specific survival (CSS) (HR =1.10,95% CI 1.05-1.16,P < 0.001),recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR =1.15,95% CI 1.09-1.21,P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (HR=1.10,95%CI 1.03-1.17,P=0.003).Begg's bias analysis showed no significant publication bias in CSS (P =0.822),RFS (P =0.348),and OS (P =0.452).Conclusions This study demonstrated that CCIS was associated with poor oncological outcome and could serve as a independent prognostic factor for patient with UTUC after radical nephroureterectomy.

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