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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 529-534, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of noise, bright light and mechanical stimulation on sleep, blood-brain barrier and cognitive function in septic rats.Methods:Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were selected and intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to establish sepsis model. 0, 30, 45, 60, 75 dB noise stimulation or 0, 50, 100, 200, 400 Lux light stimulation were given to rats (all n = 4). The serum levels of cortisol and melatonin, and the cerebral content of Evans blue (EB) were measured 96 hours after the stimulation to determine the optimal intensity of intervention. The other 40 SD rats were randomly divided into control group (Con group), LPS group, noise intervention group (LPS+60 dB group), 200 Lux light intervention group (LPS+200 Lux group) and mechanical stimulation group (LPS+MS group), with 8 rats in each group. The open fields test and fear conditioning test were used to evaluate the exploratory behavior and cognitive function 96 hours after corresponding stimulation. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect cerebral level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and serum levels of cortisol and melatonin. The blood-brain barrier integrity was assessed by EB staining. The protein levels of ZO-1, Claudin-5 and caspase-3 in the hippocampus were detected by Western blotting to assess the blood-brain barrier integrity and neuronal apoptosis. Results:Compared with 0 dB group or 0 Lux group, the serum melatonin concentration in 60 dB group and 200 Lux group were significantly reduced, while the serum cortisol concentration and cerebral EB content were significantly increased. Therefore, 60 dB noise and 200 Lux light were selected in the subsequent experiments. Compared with Con group, the horizontal score and vertical score in the open field test in LPS group were significantly decreased. There were no significant differences in the proportion of freezing time, the cerebral contents of EB and IL-6, the serum levels of melatonin and cortisol, and the hippocampal expressions of ZO-1, Claudin-5 and caspase-3. Compared with LPS group, the horizontal score, vertical score and the percentage of freezing time in LPS+60 dB group, LPS+200 Lux group and LPS+MS group were significantly reduced [horizontal score: 73.8±9.7, 80.3±9.4, 64.5±8.3 vs. 103.6±15.5; vertical score: 9.4±1.7, 11.2±1.9, 6.8±0.9 vs. 15.9±2.8; the percentage of freezing time: (45.3±4.7)%, (53.3±5.8)%, (42.1±5.1)% vs. (66.1±6.3)%], the serum level of melatonin was significantly decreased (ng/L: 53.62±6.20, 44.25±6.41, 45.33±5.84 vs. 74.39±7.54), the serum level of cortisol was significantly increased (nmol/L: 818.34±95.53, 710.04±65.41, 989.73±91.63 vs. 398.82±72.59), the levels of EB, IL-6 in the brain tissue were significantly increased [EB (μg/g): 2.80±0.35, 2.38±0.31, 3.24±0.42 vs. 1.59±0.26; IL-6 (ng/g): 31.56±4.11, 26.69±3.75, 37.47±4.56 vs. 16.28±2.69], the expressions of ZO-1 and Claudin-5 were significantly decreased (ZO-1/β-actin: 0.37±0.04, 0.32±0.05, 0.24±0.04 vs. 0.80±0.09; Claudin-5/β-actin: 0.62±0.08, 0.47±0.06, 0.35±0.05 vs. 0.97±0.20), and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was significantly increased (caspase-3/β-actin: 0.56±0.06, 0.39±0.04, 0.72±0.12 vs. 0.20±0.03), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). Conclusion:60 dB noise, 200 Lux light or mechanical stimulation for 96 hours could inhibit the secretion of serum melatonin, promote the secretion of cortisol, and activate neuroinflammation in septic rats, and lead to neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus and hyper-permeability of blood-brain barrier, which in turn could cause sleep disturbance and cognitive impairment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expressions of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and clinicopathological characteristics in post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children, with the aim of clarifying whether checkpoint inhibition of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors may serve as a therapy option.Methods:The clinical data of 13 cases of PTLD after allo-HSCT pathologically confirmed in Shenzhen Children′s Hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 30, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The detection was performed by immunohistochemical staining by MaxVision? method, Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) in situ hybridization and lymphoma gene rearrangement.The relationship between the expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 and the clinicopathological characteristics of PTLD were analyzed.Results:The expression of PD-1 was not correlated with gender, age, primary diseases, histopathological types, transplantation mode and the expression of EBV in situ hybridization (all P>0.05). The expression of PD-L1 was correlated with histopathological types ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the expression rate of PD-L1 on severe β-thalassemia was significantly higher than that of severe aplastic anemia [90.0%(9/10 cases) vs. 66.7%(2/3 cases)] and monomorphic PTLD was higher than that of polymorphic PTLD [100.0%(2/2 cases) vs. 83.3%(5/6 cases)]. Moreover, the positive PTLD in EBV was higher than the negative PTLD in EBV [90.9%(10/11 cases) vs. 50.0%(1/2 cases)]. The positive rates of PD-1 and PD-L1 in 13 cases with PTLD were 46.2%(6/13 cases) and 61.5%(8/13 cases) in tumor cells, 92.3% (12/13 cases) and 76.9% (10/13 cases) in microenvironmental cells, and 84.6%(11/13 cases) in EBV, respectively. Conclusions:PD-L1 has a higher positive rate in tumor cells with monomorphic PTLD; and routine staining for PD-1 and PD-L1 can be performed in all types of PTLD when standard immunotherapy and chemotherapy are ineffective.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 329-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the stability of test results of fingertip thermotactile perception threshold(TPT) among healthy individuals and the influencing factors of the TPT test. METHODS: Fifty healthy young volunteers aged 20-25 were selected as the study subjects using the convenience sampling method. The HVLab thermal aesthesiometer was used to perform the fingertip TPT test under the standard condition. Right index, middle, ring, little, left index and little fingers were tested. According to the method of random number table, we selected 25 subjects to receive second test after the interval of two weeks. RESULTS: Intraclass correlation coefficient(ICC) for cold threshold of right little finger was bigger than 0.75, suggesting the test-retest reliability was excellent. The ICC for hot threshold of six test fingers, cold threshold of right and left index fingers, right middle and left little finges was in the range of 0.60-0.74, indicating the test-retest reliability was good. However, the ICC for cold threshold of right ring finger was less than 0.40, and the test-retest reliability was poor. The hot threshold of right middle, ring and little fingers, and the cold threshold of left little finger of males were higher than those of females(all P<0.05). The cold threshold of right index and little fingers were lower than those of left hand in males(all P<0.05). The cold threshold of right middle and ring fingers were lower than that of the right index finger in females(all P<0.05). The cold threshold of right little finger was lower than those of right index, middle and ring fingers in females(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The stability of the fingertip TPT result is good in healthy young adults aged 20-25. The fingertip TPT test could be used for occupational health surveillance of workers exposed to hand-transmitted vibration. We should take into account the influence of gender, the right or left hand and different fingers when developing TPT reference values.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 529-533, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To test and analyze the vibration transmissivity of three common kinds of protective gloves, and to determine their actual protecting effect. METHODS: Three kinds of protective gloves were selected as test materials, and five healthy volunteers were selected as subjects using typical sampling methods. According to the ISO 10819:2013 Mechanical Vibration and Shock--Hand-arm Vibration--Measurement and Evaluation of the Vibration Transmissibility of Gloves at the Palm of the Hand(hereinafter referred to as ISO 10819:2013), investigation and measurement of basic parameters of protective gloves. The gloved vibration transmission(GVT) test system was used to test the vibration transmission of different protective gloves worn by the subjects, and the spectrum analysis of vibration reduction characteristics was carried out. RESULTS: The thickness of damping material of all the three kinds of protective gloves met the standard requirements. The mean value for the corrected frequency-weighted glove vibration transmissibility values at 25.0-200.0 Hz were 0.91, 0.75 and 0.94, and 1.05, 0.85 and 1.10 at 200.0-1 250.0 Hz, for the protective gloves A, B and C, respectively. The results of anti-vibration characteristic spectrum analysis show that there has no vibration reduction effect at the frequency of 25.0-200.0 Hz when wearing these three kinds of gloves. Wearing gloves A and B on part of the 200.0-1 250.0 Hz frequency vibration has an amplifying effect. Wearing glove C has a partial vibration reduction effect at the 200.0-1 250.0 Hz frequency, and the vibration reduction efficiency is the highest at the frequency of 1 250.0 Hz.CONCLUSION: According to the ISO 10819:2013 standard, the mean value of GVT measured when wearing the three kinds of protective gloves does not meet the relevant requirements, and the anti-vibration effect is poor. These gloves cannot be defined as anti-vibration gloves.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1967-1976, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Innovative coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, with elevated global manufacturing capacity, enhanced safety and efficacy, simplified dosing regimens, and distribution that is less cold chain-dependent, are still global imperatives for tackling the ongoing pandemic. A previous phase I trial indicated that the recombinant COVID-19 vaccine (V-01), which contains a fusion protein (IFN-PADRE-RBD-Fc dimer) as its antigen, is safe and well tolerated, capable of inducing rapid and robust immune responses, and warranted further testing in additional clinical trials. Herein, we aimed to assess the immunogenicity and safety of V-01, providing rationales of appropriate dose regimen for further efficacy study.@*METHODS@#A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II clinical trial was initiated at the Gaozhou Municipal Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (Guangdong, China) in March 2021. Both younger (n = 440; 18-59 years of age) and older (n = 440; ≥60 years of age) adult participants in this trial were sequentially recruited into two distinct groups: two-dose regimen group in which participants were randomized either to follow a 10 or 25 μg of V-01 or placebo given intramuscularly 21 days apart (allocation ratio, 3:3:1, n = 120, 120, 40 for each regimen, respectively), or one-dose regimen groups in which participants were randomized either to receive a single injection of 50 μg of V-01 or placebo (allocation ratio, 3:1, n = 120, 40, respectively). The primary immunogenicity endpoints were the geometric mean titers of neutralizing antibodies against live severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and specific binding antibodies to the receptor binding domain (RBD). The primary safety endpoint evaluation was the frequencies and percentages of overall adverse events (AEs) within 30 days after full immunization.@*RESULTS@#V-01 provoked substantial immune responses in the two-dose group, achieving encouragingly high titers of neutralizing antibody and anti-RBD immunoglobulin, which peaked at day 35 (161.9 [95% confidence interval [CI]: 133.3-196.7] and 149.3 [95%CI: 123.9-179.9] in 10 and 25 μg V-01 group of younger adults, respectively; 111.6 [95%CI: 89.6-139.1] and 111.1 [95%CI: 89.2-138.4] in 10 and 25 μg V-01 group of older adults, respectively), and remained high at day 49 after a day-21 second dose; these levels significantly exceed those in convalescent serum from symptomatic COVID-19 patients (53.6, 95%CI: 31.3-91.7). Our preliminary data show that V-01 is safe and well tolerated, with reactogenicity predominantly being absent or mild in severity and only one vaccine-related grade 3 or worse AE being observed within 30 days. The older adult participants demonstrated a more favorable safety profile compared with those in the younger adult group: with AEs percentages of 19.2%, 25.8%, 17.5% in older adults vs. 34.2%, 23.3%, 26.7% in younger adults at the 10, 25 μg V-01 two-dose group, and 50 μg V-01 one-dose group, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The vaccine candidate V-01 appears to be safe and immunogenic. The preliminary findings support the advancement of the two-dose, 10 μg V-01 regimen to a phase III trial for a large-scale population-based evaluation of safety and efficacy.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2100045107, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=124702).


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/therapy , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Singapore medical journal ; : 353-358, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887446

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Injury is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity. We aimed to investigate which areas in Singapore have a significantly higher incidence of road traffic accidents (RTA) resulting in severe injuries (Tier 1), which is defined as an Injury Severity Score (ISS) greater than 15, and to develop a spatiotemporal model.@*METHODS@#Data was obtained from the National Trauma Registry. The RTA locations were geomapped onto the Singapore map, and spatial statistical techniques were used to identify hotspots with the Getis-Ord Gi* algorithm.@*RESULTS@#From 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2014, there were 35,673 people who were injured as a result of RTAs and 976 Tier 1 RTA victims. A total of 920 people were included in the geospatial analysis. Another 56 were involved in RTAs that did not occur within Singapore or had missing location data and thus were not included. 745 (81.0%) were discharged alive, whereas 175 (19.0%) did not survive to discharge (median ISS 38.00, interquartile range 30.00-48.00). Most of the Tier 1 RTA victims were motorcycle riders (50.1%, n = 461), pedestrians (21.8%, n = 201) and cyclists (9.9%, n = 91). The majority were male and aged 20-40 years, and there was a peak occurrence at 0600-0759 hours. Nine hotspots were identified (p < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Information from studying hotspots of RTAs, especially those resulting in severe injuries, can be used by multiple agencies to direct resources efficiently.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of novel coronavirus positive cases including confirmed cases with clinical symptoms and asymptomatic infected cases in Guangzhou.Methods:Epidemiological data were collected on the nucleic acid positive cases of COVID-19 in Guangzhou from January to September 2020. The epidemiological characteristics, the distribution of time intervals between the confirmed/isolation date and the date of the first positive detection were analyzed, at last the influencing factors for the confirmed cases and asymptomatic infected persons were discussed.Results:From January 7 to September 4 in 2020, a total of 1 097 nucleic acid positive cases were identified, including 658 confirmed cases (59.98%) and 439 asymptomatic infected cases (40.02%). Among the 658 confirmed cases, the median age was 42 years old, the cases indicated two significant peaks. one of the peaks was related to the imported and associated cases from Hubei province, and the other peak was connected with individuals from overseas. In terms of 439 asymptomatic infected cases, the median age was 32 years old. There were two stages in these cases. The first stage followed the second peak of confirmed cases, and the second stage overlapped with the confirmed cases in Guangzhou when the epidemic was in a period of normal prevention and control, mainly related to imported cases from abroad. The asymptomatic infected persons accounted for 57.32% in all the imported infected cases. In both of asymptomatic and symptomatic cases, the positive rate of pharyngeal swabs was higher than that of nasopharyngeal swabs and anal swabs. There were statistically significant differences in age, source of infection and gender composition between confirmed cases and asymptomatic infected persons ( P<0.05). Older age groups were more likely to have clinical symptoms, with ≥40 years being the risk factor for confirmed cases (OR=2.334, P=0.001), and 20-39 years less likely to have clinical symptoms (OR=0.620, P=0.047), compared with the 0-19 years old group. Compared with those infected in China, those infected abroad were less likely to develop clinical symptoms and became confirmed cases (OR=0.723, P=0.013). Women were more likely to have clinical symptoms than men (OR=1.574, P=0.001). Conclusions:At present, asymptomatic infected persons and confirmed patients with clinical symptoms co-existed, and the number of asymptomatic infected patients was higher than that of confirmed cases in Guangzhou. High age, domestic infection and female may be risk factors for confirmed cases. It was of great value to further explore these underlying mechanisms for the prevention and treatment of the COVID-19.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 476-487, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881148

ABSTRACT

Dendritic cell-based cancer vaccines (DC vaccines) have been proved efficient and safe in immunotherapy of various cancers, including melanoma, ovarian and prostate cancer. However, the clinical responses were not always satisfied. Here we proposed a novel strategy to prepare DC vaccines. In the present study, a fusion protein SNU containing a secretin-penetratin (SecPen) peptide, NY-ESO-1 and ubiquitin was designed and expressed. To establish the DC vaccine (DC-SNU), the mouse bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) were isolated, pulsed with SNU and maturated with cytokine cocktail. Then peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from C57BL/6 mice inoculated intraperitoneally with DC-SNU were separated and cocultured with MC38/MC38

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879395

ABSTRACT

Femorotibial mechanical axis (FTMA) is one of important factors influencing clinical effect after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It is generally believed that the range of lower limb alignment after TKA is controlled within neutral FTMA ± 3 °, which has more advantages in improving joint function, prolonging prosthesis survival rate and reducing revision rate, and obtain better clinical results. Therefore, neutral FTMA is also considered to be the gold standard for TKA. However, with the application of computer-assisted surgery and other technologies, the alignment of FTMA is more accurate than before, but the clinical effect after surgery has not significantly improved. Some scholars have begun to question the necessity of neutral alignment of FTMA, and proposed alignment methods such as kinematics and retained residual deformity, which could achieve better clinical effects. In recent years, it has been reported that FTMA might not be the most important factor influencing postoperative clinical effects, and it is suggested that the arrangement and measurement of lower limbs and the effects on adjacent joint functions could affect clinical effect after TKA. The paper reviews neutral FTMA alignment is still an important factor for success of TKA. After a thorough evaluation according to the patient's condition, it should be appropriately applied in the case of neutral FTMA alignment; the operator should explore other factors which affect clinical outcome after TKA, and improve it to achieve the best therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Biomechanical Phenomena , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Prosthesis Failure , Surgery, Computer-Assisted
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880773

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of medical ozone oil and urea ointment for prevention and treatment of hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) caused by sorafenib in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 patients diagnosed with advanced HCC according to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) who were scheduled to receive sorafenib treatment for the first time were enrolled in this study between April, 2018 and January, 2020. The patients were randomized into medical ozone oil group (@*RESULTS@#Eight patients were excluded for poor compliance or protocol violations, leaving a total of 91 patients for analysis, including 44 in medical ozone oil group and 47 in urea ointment group. Sixteen (36.4%) of patients in ozone oil group developed HFSR, a rate significantly lower than that in urea ointment group (57.4%; @*CONCLUSIONS@#Medical ozone oil can significantly reduce the incidence and severity of HFSR to improve the quality of life of HCC patients receiving sorafenib treatment.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Hand-Foot Syndrome/prevention & control , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Niacinamide/therapeutic use , Ozone/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Sorafenib/therapeutic use
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811504

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe theepidemiology, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging findings, treatment and prognosis of patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 109 patients with suspected and definite novel coronavirus pneumonia admitted to Wuhan Sixth Hospital from December 24, 2019 to January 28, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Statistical analysiswas performed by using t test or chi-square test.@*Results@#Among the 109 patients, 48 (44%) were male and 61 (56%) were female, with the average age of (52.5±10.8) years. Fifty-four patients (49.5%) had definite contact history. Among the 109 patients, 104 (95.5%) presentedwith fever, 37(33.7%) with headache, 78 (71.9%) with general pain, 88 (80.8%) with fatigue and poor appetite, 23 (21.3%) with diarrhea, 94 (86.5%) withcoughing, 23 (21.3%) with shortness of breath, 57 (52.8%) withpalpitation, 45 (41.5%) with chest distress, 4 (3.3%) with chest pain, 40 (37.0%) with lung rales. Forty-two cases (38.5%) had leukocyte count <4×109/L, 58 cases (53.2%) had lymphocyte count <1.5×109/L, 7 cases (24.8%) had hemoglobin <120g/L, 37 cases(33.9%) had LDH >230 mmol/L, 29 cases (26.6%) had brain natriuretic peptide precursor>300 ng/mL, 87 cases (79.8%) had hypersensitive C-reactive protein >10mg/L, 26 cases (23.9%) had D-dimer >0.5 mg/L, 35 cases (32.1%) had coagulation disorder. The leukocyte counts, LDH, brain natriuretic peptide precursor and D-dimer of severe/critical cases[(11.33±4.87)×109/L, (527.51±260.87) mmol/L, (722.88±189.56) ng/mL, (1.89±4.24) mg/L, respectively] were all significantly higher than those of common cases [(4.02±1.49)×109/L, (159.75±30.31)mmol/L, (428.22±124.76)ng/mLand (0.41±0.22)mg/L, respectively], while the lymphocyte count of severe/critical cases [(0.60±0.17)×109/L] was significantly lower than common cases [(1.13±0.43)×109/L] (t=11.36, 11.33,9.81,2.81 and 7.77,all P<0.05). On admission, chest CT showed that 27 cases (24.8%) of pneumonia were unilateral, 82 cases (75.2%) werebilateral, and most of them were ground glass. The pneumonia progressed in a short time and reached the peak within 10 days. The comprehensive treatment included antiviral drugs, prevention ofbacterialinfection and supportive treatment, and glucocorticoid and respiratory support treatment wereadministrated when necessary.@*Conclusions@#The novel coronavirus pneumonia is characterized by highly infectious, rapid progress, and diverse clinical and imaging features. Early diagnosis and active comprehensive treatment could improve theprognosis and reduce themortality.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867596

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging findings, treatment and prognosis of patients with corona virus disease 2019.Methods:Clinical data of 109 patients with suspected and definite corona virus disease 2019 admitted to the Sixth Hospital of Wuhan from December 24, 2019 to January 28, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by using t test or chi-square test. Results:Among the 109 patients, 54(49.5%) patients had definite contact history. Among the 109 patients, 104(95.4%) presented with fever, 37(33.9%) with headache, 78(71.6%) with general pain, 88(80.7%) with fatigue and poor appetite, 23(21.1%) with diarrhea, 94(86.2%) with coughing, 23(21.1%) with shortness of breath, 57(52.3%) with palpitation, 45(41.3%) with chest distress, 4(3.7%) with chest pain, 40(36.7%) with lung rales. Forty-two cases (38.5%) had leukocyte count <4×10 9/L, 58 cases (53.2%) had lymphocyte count <1.5×10 9/L, 27 cases (24.8%) had hemoglobin <120 g/L, 37 cases (33.9%) had lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) >230 mmol/L, 29 cases (26.6%) had pro-brain natriuretic peptide>300 ng/mL, 87 cases (79.8%) had hypersensitive C reactive protein>10 mg/L, 26 cases (23.9%) had D-dimer>0.5 mg/L, 35 cases (32.1%) had coagulation disorder. On admission, chest computed tomography showed that 27 cases (24.8%) of pneumonia were unilateral, 82 cases (75.2%) were bilateral, and most of them were ground glass. The leukocyte counts, LDH, pro-brain natriuretic peptide and D-dimer of severe/critical cases ((11.33±4.87)×10 9/L, (527.51±260.87) mmol/L, (722.88±189.56) μg/L, (4.24±1.89) mg/L, respectively) were all higher than those of common cases ((4.02±1.49)×10 9/L, (159.75±30.31) mmol/L, (428.22±124.76) μg/L and (0.41±0.22) mg/L, respectively), while the lymphocyte count of severe/critical cases ((0.60±0.17)×10 9/L) was lower than common cases ((1.13±0.43)×10 9/L) ( t=11.36, 11.33, 9.81, 2.81 and 7.77, respectively, all P<0.05). The comprehensive treatment included antiviral drugs, prevention of bacterial infection and supportive treatment, and glucocorticoid and respiratory support treatment were administrated when necessary. Conclusions:The corona virus disease 2019 is characterized by highly infectious, rapid progression, and diverse clinical and imaging features. Early diagnosis and active comprehensive treatment could improve the prognosis and reduce the mortality.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of miR-200c-3p on the proliferation and apoptosis of nephroblastoma SK-NEP-1 cell and its mechanism.Methods:From January 2015 to August 2019, nephroblastoma tissue and peritumoral tissue of 30 patients in Shenzhen Children′s hospital were collected.The experimental group of mimic negative control, miR-200c-3p and miR-200c-3p inhibitor was set up.The expression of miR-200c-3p in 30 paired nephroblastoma tissues and adjacent kidney tissues were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR.The differential expression of miR-200c-3p was also detected in SK-NEP-1 and 293FT cell lines.The effects of miR-200c and miR-200c-3p inhibitor on the proliferation, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of SK-NEP-1 cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)and flow cytometry assays, respectively.Xenograft tumors were generated by peri-renal adipose tissue injection to assess the effect of miR-200c-3p on tumor growth in vivo.The pathological morphology of xenograft tumors was observed by HE staining.The proliferation index of Ki-67 were detected by immunohistochemistry.Western blot method was used to detect the B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2 related X protein (Bax) and cleaved cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3(Caspase-3)expression level on xenograft tumors. Results:The expression level of miR-200c-3p in nephroblastoma(0.420±0.587)was significantly lower than that in matched normal kidney(1.500±0.504)( t=8.613, P<0.001). The expression level of miR-200c-3p in SK-NEP-1 cells (0.363±0.006) was significantly lower than that in human embryonic kidney 293FT cells (0.807±0.186) ( t=4.136, P<0.05). The group and time interaction results of CCK-8 proved that miR-200c-3p could inhibit the proliferation of SK-NEP-1 cells( F=16.81, P<0.001). The flow cytometer test of cell cycle and apoptosis showed that miR-200c-3p could block in G0/G1 and S phase( t=-7.770, P<0.01; t=11.501, P<0.001). Moreover, it increased the early apoptosis rate and decreased the late apoptosis rate ( t=-22.270, P<0.001; t=4.612, P<0.01). A orthotopic transplantation assay was employed to evaluate the effect of miR-200c-3p and miR-200c-3p inhibitor on the proliferation of SK-NEP-1 cells.The final volume of tumor miR-200c-3p group [(0.419±0.16) cm 3]was significantly lower than those in the control group [(2.469±0.914) cm 3, t=0.507, P<0.001]. However, the miR-200c-3p inhibitor group had no significant difference [(1.627±0.189) cm 3; t=2.209, P=0.052]. miR-200c-3p overexpression upregulated expression levels of apoptotic proteins cleaved Caspase-3 and Bax ( t=-47.000, -82.730, all P<0.001), but downregulated the expression level of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2( t=53.740, P<0.001). Conclusions:The overexpression of miR-200c-3p can inhibit the proliferation, promote the apoptosis of the SK-NEP-1 cells and partially inhibited tumorigenicity of nude mouse acted as a tumor suppressor gene.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873343

ABSTRACT

In this paper, based on the supramolecular "Qi chromatography" of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), combined with the characteristics of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the historical origin and characteristics of theoretical research on the treatment of epidemic diseases by TCM were analyzed retrospectively, and the key scientific problems for achieving its modernization were proposed, and the countermeasures were illustrated. In fact, the emergence and development history of TCM epidemic theory is a comprehensive and scientific understanding of biomolecular chemistry for epidemic caused by pathogen. From the exploration of the cause of abnormal Qi to the epidemic pathogenic factor, from the treatment based on syndrome differentiation by six meridians to by the defensive Qi and nutrient blood and the triple energizer, which is gradually close to the modern theoretical system of infectious diseases and immunology, all of which are stamped with brand of TCM supramolecular "Qi chromatography" theory. In the long history of biological evolution in nature, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as epidemic pathogenic factor in TCM, human body and Chinese materia medica are biological supramolecules at a specific stage of evolution in nature, which are controlled by the "imprinting templates" of molecular society in gradual biomolecules, with the unchanged laws of mutual advancement, mutation, suitability and mutual restriction. Based on the analysis of the law of supramolecular action hiding in the prevention and treatment of epidemic diseases dealt with TCM on procession of principle-method-recipe-medicines, this paper discusses the key scientific problems of its modernization and puts forward the solutions. It can not only clarify the scientific principle of the prevention and treatment with TCM, develop the multi-component Chinese medicine, accelerate the control of the epidemic situation, but also promote the solution of original frontier key scientific problems such as the material basis of meridians, viscera and syndromes, and the compatibility law of the TCM prescription, in order to protect the existing medical resources and open up a new situation in the modernization of TCM research.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872740

ABSTRACT

Objective:The molecular connectivity index method and total statistical moment method were used to control the quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the stability and consistency of volatile components of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were clarified. Method:Volatile oils in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos from different producing areas was extracted for GC-MS determination with electron bombardment ion source, ion source temperature of 230 ℃, and detection range of m/z 35-650. Then National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 05 and ChemicalBook database were used for qualitative analysis of these volatile components, the peak area normalization method was used for quantitative analysis, and the total statistical moment parameters and the zero-order, first-order, second-order, third-order molecular connectivity indexes of the components were calculated. Result:Number of peaks (RSD were 28.5%, 33.4%, respectively), total zero-order moments (RSD were 55.5%, 128.9%, respectively) and total second-order moments (RSD were 15.3%, 21.5%, respectively) of 10 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos were unstable, indicating that the types and contents of volatile components fluctuated sharply, but the total first-order moments (RSD were 7.5%, 8.8%, respectively) and the zero-order, first-order, second-order and third-order molecular connectivity indexes (RSD ranged from 8.1% to 10.3% and 4.2% to 5.5%, respectively) were relatively stable, indicating that the overall "imprinting template" of the components was similar. Statistical analysis of each parameter found that there were no significant differences in the number of peaks, total first-order moments and zero-order, first-order, second-order, third-order molecular connectivity indexes between volatile oils from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Lonicerae Flos. Conclusion:Under the guidance of supramolecular gas evolution "imprinting template" theory, the molecular connectivity index method and total statistical moment parameters are used to jointly characterize the "imprinting template" of TCM components in vitro, which can control the stability and consistency of TCM quality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817713

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound- guided above- knee and below- knee radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of saphenous varicose veins.【Methods】Patients who underwent ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation closure in our department from July 2019 to November 2019 were compared in operation time , recovery time,volume of sclerosant foam,pain score,venous clinical severity score(VCSS),Aberdeen Varicose Veins Questionnaire (AVVQ), and complications. 【Results】 Fifty- nine patients underwent above- knee radiofrequency ablation and 19 patients underwent below-knee radiofrequency ablation. The average operation time(69.75 vs. 78.95)min, time return to normal activity(2.93 vs. 3.58)min or the volume of foam(28.3 vs. 24.2)mL were similar in both groups. The pain score,VCSS,and AVVQ scores 24 h,1 week,or 4 w postoperative decreased significantly in the two groups. No deep vein thrombosis,pulmonary embolism,or infection occurred in the two groups after surgery. Other complications including phlebitis,pigmentation,bleeding,rash,or paresthesia,showed no difference in rates. And overall incidence of complications were similar between the two groups. 【Conclusions】 Both above-knee and below-knee radiofrequency ablation are safe and effective treatments for great saphenous varicose veins.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 516-521, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of pleomorphic giant cell adenocarcinoma (PGCA) of the prostate, and to strengthen the understanding of this rare variant.Methods:From January 2009 to December 2019, 383 pathological samples of prostate adenocarcinoma with Gleason scores of 8-10 were selected from the First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University. PGCA was screened by reviewing the histomorphology of hematoxylin and eosin stained sections. Then the expression of prostate specific markers and mismatch repair (MMR) proteins of PGCA were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and microsatellite instability (MSI) status was detected through polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-capillary electrophoresis. Meanwhile, the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of PGCA were summarized and analyzed along with those reported in the literature.Results:Three patients with PGCA of the prostate were 68, 63 and 71 years old respectively, and case 1 had a history of transurethral resection of the prostate and oral bicalutamide 3 months before surgery. All 3 patients underwent radical prostatectomy and received endocrine therapy, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy, and died at 18, 23, and 10 months after surgery, respectively. Histologically, both the usual prostate adenocarcinoma with Gleason score of 9-10 and the pleomorphic giant cell component with anaplastic characteristics were observed in 3 tumors, and the latter accounted for 90%, 10%, and 20%, respectively. Immunohistochemical staining showed that both components expressed epithelial markers (CK, CK8/18) and prostate-specific markers (NKX3.1, PSA, P504S) to varying degrees, and the expression of MMR proteins (MSH2, MSH6, MLH1 and PMS2) were not defective. MSI was not detected in the usual prostate adenocarcinoma and pleomorphic giant cell components obtained by microdissection in 3 cases. Combined with 10 cases reported in the literature, there were totally 13 cases of PGCA for reviewing. The patients were 45-81 years old, the average age was 66 years old, and the median age was 66 years old. During the follow-up period of 3-36 months, 7 cases relapsed/metastasized, 6 cases died within 23 months after diagnosis, and 4 of which died within 1 year.Conclusions:PGCA is a newly recognized rare variant of prostate adenocarcinoma. At present, all cases are accompanied with high-grade usual prostate adenocarcinoma with Gleason score of 9-10, but it is different from the latter in pathological morphology and clinical manifestations, by presenting high invasiveness and poor prognosis. PGCA is not sensitive to conventional endocrine therapy, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Accurate diagnosis of PGCA is helpful to judge the prognosis of patients and guide the treatment.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802356

ABSTRACT

Research and development of classical prescription of Chinese medicine has become one of the hot spots in the research of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the successful development of the primary standard is crucial to the application of the classical prescription of Chinese medicine. Primary standard of classical prescription is not only the benchmark to measure the quality of preparation of classical prescription, but also the material basis of whole prescription. The development and quality control mode of single component of western medicine is not suitable for the development of TCM preparation with integral medicinal function. Thus, it is very urgent to develop an exclusive research and development model for TCM. In order to break through the quality control technology of primary standard of classical prescription, and comprehensively and accurately elucidate the transmission rule of the component group value of medicinal materials-decoction pieces-primary standard of classical prescription with the present modern science and technology, the genetic polymorphism of TCM, extraction kinetics, total quantum statistical moment (similarity) method of fingerprint and supramolecular imprinting template were combined and applied to the development of primary standard of classical prescription. In this way, the development and quality control of TCM will be realized in a real sense and the development of classical prescription of Chinese medicine will be accelerated and promoted.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a mathematical model of total statistical moment, information amount and one-time steady-state feeding quantity of HPLC fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) and their classical prescriptions, and to carry out experimental verification. Method:The total statistical moment principle, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium principle and one-time steady-state feeding quantity calculation method were used to study the total statistical moment parameters and one-time steady-state feeding quantity of 15 batches of original medicinal materials, decoction pieces and compound preparations of Taohong Siwutang, these original medicinal materials were from three producing areas. Result:In addition to the total first-order moment, RSD of total zero-order moment, total second-order moment, information entropy and information amount of each medicinal material, decoction piece and compound were all greater than 10%. In the case of single original medicinal material, except for Angelicae Sinensis Radix (142.34 kg), the one-time steady-state feeding quantity calculated according to the RSD change of the accumulated information amount of the whole prescription was the largest (59.10 kg), and according to ratio of the whole prescription, one-time steady-state feeding quantity was the largest (958.57 kg). In the case of processed products, the one-time steady-state feeding quantity of the whole prescription was the largest (73.18 kg) except for Carthami Flos processed with wine (83.28 kg), while according to the whole prescription, one-time steady-state feeding quantity of each processed products was the same as that of the original medicinal material. The one-time steady-state feeding quantity of the compound consisted of the original medicinal materials or processed products was often higher than that of the single medicinal material. Conclusion:The components of TCM are controlled by genetic polymorphism, the chromatographic characteristics (types of components) of Chinese medicine is similar and the intensity of action (content of components) is different. The stability of total first-order moment and information entropy indicates that the overall chemical structure of TCM multi-component system has a stable imprinting trend. The one-time steady-state feeding quantities of each medicinal material in Taohong Siwutang and this compound are far greater than the prescription amount, which can provide reference for the industrial production.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802015

ABSTRACT

The ancient famous classical formulas were developed based on the characteristics of excellent curative effect, small toxic and side effects, and wide clinical application. Its development will promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with huge social and economic benefits. TCM and TCM compounds are multi-component systems, which are multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway effect on human body, their curative effect is the result of synergistic effect of multi-component. Because of its characteristics, its mechanism of action is still unclear and quality is difficult to control. Therefore, on the basis of biological properties of the multi-components of TCM, it is the key issue to study the preparation process of the medicinal materials-decoction pieces-preparations and the transferability, stability and homogeneity of the quality attributes. Moreover, the supramolecular theory can explain the basic theory of TCM from the macroscopic and microscopic aspects, the study of ancient famous classical formulas can use the supramolecular theory. Both TCM and human body are giant complex supramolecules, and their components are clustered objects reflecting the characteristics of the original imprinting template with genetic polymorphism. The quality attributes, processing, formulation preparation and quality attribute evaluation of TCM are all affected by supramolecular chemistry, which is finally reflected in the preparation of imprinting template and the transfer law of quality properties. Therefore, the application of supramolecular imprinting template theory to study the biogenetic polymorphism of TCM, processing, formulation preparation and quality attribute evaluation of medicinal materials can improve the availability rate of successful research and development of ancient famous classical formulas.

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