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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical utility of 18F-fibroblast activating protein inhibitor (FAPI)-42 and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in newly diagnosed lung cancer patients. Methods:From May 2020 to September 2021, the images of 43 lung cancer patients (32 males, 11 females, age: 37-80 years) who pathologically confirmed and received 18F-FDG and 18F-FAPI-42 PET/CT within 2 weeks in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were prospectively analyzed. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of 18F-FDG and 18F-FAPI-42 and the number of lesions detected by 2 imaging methods were compared by using paired t test and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results:The 43 newly diagnosed lung cancer patients included 35 adenocarcinoma, 2 squamous cell carcinoma, 4 small cell lung cancer, and 2 high-grade neuroendocrine tumors. 18F-FAPI-42 had a very high tumor uptake (SUV max: 12.24±3.97) and lesion detection rate (positive rate: 100%(37/37)) in primary lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The uptake of 18F-FAPI-42 in lymph node (10.13±5.43), pleura (6.75(4.96, 8.58)) and bone lesion (7.18(4.33, 9.66)) were significantly higher than those of 18F-FDG (6.35±3.30, 2.69(1.81, 5.00), 4.38(2.96, 6.36); t=12.19, z values: 5.47, 5.79, all P<0.001). In lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, although the uptake of 18F-FAPI-42 in brain metastases was significantly lower than that of 18F-FDG (0.72(0.15, 1.82) vs 6.53(4.65, 9.34); z=6.42, P<0.001), the tumor/background (T/B) ratio was significantly higher than that of 18F-FDG (3.54(1.15, 14.88) vs 0.96(0.77, 1.04); z=6.05, P<0.001). In lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, the number of lesions detected by 18F-FAPI-42 PET/CT was significantly more than that of 18F-FDG (lymph node: 6.0(2.3, 11.5) vs 4.5(2.0, 10.8); brain: 2.0(1.0, 3.0) vs 0.0(0.0, 0.0); pleura: 6.0(2.8, 10.0) vs 4.0(0.8, 5.5); z values: 2.16, 3.10, 2.04, all P<0.05). However, in high-grade neuroendocrine tumors and small cell lung cancer, the SUV max of 18F-FAPI-42 in primary lesions (8.05±2.60), lymph node lesions (5.98±2.21) and brain lesions (0.44(0.13, 0.82)) were lower than those of 18F-FDG (16.28±5.17, 12.30±5.47, 4.94(4.84, 6.25); t values: 3.58, 7.52, z=3.06, all P<0.05). Conclusions:In lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, 18F-FAPI-42 has a very high tumor uptake and lesion detection rate in primary tumor. In addition, compared with 18F-FDG PET/CT, 18F-FAPI-42 PET/CT shows clearer tumor contours and more lesions. Therefore, 18F-FAPI-42 is more suitable for preliminary staging of lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma than 18F-FDG, while the opposite is true in small cell lung cancer and high-grade neuroendocrine tumors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlations between perfused lung volumes, visual scores (using perfusion SPECT/CT) and right-heart catheter (RHC) hemodynamic parameters in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).Methods:A total of 51 consecutive CTEPH patients (17 males, 34 females, age (59±12) years) in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University between March 2015 and July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent lung perfusion SPECT/CT imaging and RHC examinations. Perfused lung volumes were determined using threshold-based (15%-85%) segmentation. Visual semiquantitative scoring in each lung segment was performed using Begic method. RHC hemodynamic parameters including pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure (PADP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), pulmonary arteriolar wedge pressure (PAWP), pulmonary vessel resistance (PVR), cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI) were recorded. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlations between perfused lung volumes, visual scores and hemodynamic parameters.Results:There were significant correlations between perfused lung volumes (30%-70% threshold) and mPAP ( rs values: from -0.414 to -0.302, all P<0.05). Among them, perfused lung volumes under the threshold of 40% and 45% were moderately correlated with mPAP ( rs values: -0.414, -0.412, both P<0.05). Perfused lung volume (40% threshold) was moderately negatively correlated with PASP, PADP ( rs values: -0.402, -0.440, both P<0.05), and slightly negatively correlated with PVR ( rs=-0.352, P<0.05). Visual scores were slightly positively correlated with the PADP ( rs=0.311, P<0.05), while there was no correlation between visual scores and other RHC hemodynamic parameters ( rs values: from -0.201 to 0.275, all P>0.05). Conclusion:Perfused lung volumes based on threshold-based segmentation in lung perfusion SPECT/CT imaging can accurately reflect hemodynamic status and may provide useful information for severity assessment of CTEPH.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on the association between vasoactive-inotropic score(VIS) and mortality of total arch replacement in Stanford type A aortic dissection(TAAD) patients.Methods:Data of TAAD patients admitted from January 2018 to November 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 187 patients were finally included in the analysis. 30-day mortality was calculated and the patients were divided into death group(18 cases) and non-death group(169 cases). The VIS at each time point and perioperative indexes of the two groups were compared. The value of VIS in predicting mortality was analyzed.Results:The 30-day mortality was 9.63%(18/187). The operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, ventilator assistance time, the incidence of tracheotomy and major postoperative complications in the death group were significantly higher than those in the non-death group( P<0.05). VIS of death group was significantly higher than that of non-death group( P<0.05). At each time point, the area under ROC curve(AUC) of VIS was greater than 0.500( P<0.05), among which AUC of ICU 48 h VIS was the largest(0.817), and the best cut-off point of ICU 48 h VIS was determined to be 9, sensitivity 61.1%, specificity 92.3%. Logistic regression analysis showed that ICU 48 h VIS was an independent risk factor for predicting the death of total arch replacement in TAAD patients( OR=1.465, 95% CI: 1.194-1.796, P<0.001). Conclusion:When ICU 48 h VIS≥9, the risk of death was increased in patients with total arch replacement of TAAD. VIS may be a useful reference index for predicting the mortality of total arch replacement in TAAD patients in the early postoperative period.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829203

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the prognosis of interventional treatment with covered stent graft for retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection and intramural hematoma by single-arm meta-analysis. Methods    Related studies on treating retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection and intramural hematoma with covered stent graft were retrieved from the databases by computer, including PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Wanfang Data, VIP, CNKI and CBM, from inception to January 2020. Literatures were screened by researchers step by step according to the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Quality of the enrolled literatures was evaluated, and data were extracted from the included studies. Afterwards, single-arm meta-analysis was carried out by the R3.6.3 software. Results    A total of 12 English and 5 Chinese studies were included, which were all case series, and the quality of all literatures was moderate evaluated by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). After analyzing the clinical prognosis of 260 patients, the 30-day mortality was 6% (95%CI 0.04 to 0.11, P=0.97), the late mortality was 8% (95%CI 0.05 to 0.14, P=0.78), the incidence of endoleak was 21% (95%CI 0.16 to 0.29, P=0.06), the incidence of stroke was 5% (95%CI 0.03 to 0.09, P=0.99), the incidence of new aortic dissection was 7% (95%CI 0.04 to 0.11, P=0.96), the incidence of dissection progression was 10% (95%CI 0.07 to 0.16, P=0.24), and the absorption rate of intramural hematoma was 84% (95%CI 0.37 to 1.00, P<0.01). Conclusion    Interventional treatment with covered stent graft for retrograde Stanford type A aortic dissection and intramural hematoma can obtain good early treatment results for some patients, and can be used as a safe and effective treatment for aged patient with high risk who cannot tolerate surgery. Endoleak, stroke and new aortic dissection are the early serious complications of this method.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828463

ABSTRACT

Objective Graves' disease is the most common autoimmune thyroid disease and its prevalence and clinical manifestations are disparate between females and males. Costimulatory molecules play an essential role in regulating autoimmune responses. The objective of this study was to determine if expression of inhibitory molecules was correlated with treatment by dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in an BALB/c mouse model of experimental autoimmune Graves' disease.Methods Female BALB/c mice were immunized three times with thyroid stimulating hormone receptor A-subunit encoded by adenovirus to establish a Graves' disease model. Three different doses of DHT or a matching placebo were administered by implantation of slow-release pellets a week before the first immunization. Four weeks after the third immunization, the mice were euthanatized, and then the spleen and thymus were removed. Total thyroxine and free thyroxine levels in serum of mice were detected using a radioimmunoassay kit. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to estimate the expression of costimulatory molecules in lymphocytes from the spleen and thymus. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the percentage of CD4 T cells in splenic lymphocytes. Quantitative data were compared with unpaired -tests. Correlation between two variables was analyzed using Analysis of Variance.Results Treatment with DHT can dramatically reduce total thyroxine and free thyroxine levels. Higher expression of programmed death-1 was found in the spleen of Graves' disease mice receiving 5 mg of DHT treatment (0.635±0.296 . 0.327±0.212; =2.714, =0.014), similarly, T-cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain 3 (TIM-3) in both the spleen (1.004±0.338 . 0.646±0.314; =2.205, =0.022) and the thymus (0.263±0.127 . 0.120±0.076; =3.221, =0.004) also increased after 5 mg of DHT treatment compared with the parallel placebo model mice. Moreover, the percentage of CD4 T cells declined in the splenic lymphocytes of Graves' disease mice treated with 5 mg of DHT (19.90%±3.985% . 24.05%±2.587%; =2.804, =0.012). A significant negative association was observed between expression of TIM-3 in the spleen and serum levels of total thyroxine (=-0.7106, =0.014) as well as free thyroxine (=-0.6542, =0.029).Conclusion This study demonstrates that DHT can ameliorate experimental autoimmune Graves' disease, which may occur by up-regulating expression of programmed death-1 and TIM-3 and inhibiting development of CD4 T cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709985

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the promoter methylation of drug metabolism genes CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 in thyroid cancer and its relationship with clinical pathological characteristics. Method 201 cases of thyroid cancer and 23 cases of normal thyroid tissues were involved. Methylation-specific PCR ( MSP ) was performed to analyze promoter methylation of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 genes in the above tissues to detect the frequency of methylation positive, compare the promoter methylation level of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 genes in papillary thyroid carcinomas ( PTC) and the controls. Five thyroid cancer cell lines were treated with methyltransferase inhibitor 5-Aza-dC for 5 days, and real time PCR ( RT-PCR) was performed to evaluate the mRNA expression of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 genes. Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between the aberrant methylation and the clinical features. Results Aberrant methylation status in promoter region of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 genes were detected in all kinds of thyroid cancers. Compared with control tissues, the methylation in promoter regions of CYP1A1 in PTCs was significantly higher, while that in promoter regions of CYP1B1 was lower (P<0.05). In vitro, 5-Aza-dC treatment significantly increased the CYP1A1 gene mRNA expression for 6. 92 and 8. 30 times in K1 and C643 cell lines respectively and restored CYP1B1 gene mRNA expression for 7.62 times in K1 cell line. Compared with the controls, PTCs with methylation in promoter regions of CYP1B1 had decreased lymphatic metastasis rate. Conclusion The methylation in promoter regions of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 gene may regulate their mRNA expressions. Aberrant methylation of the promoter region of CYP1B1 is associated with lymph node metastasis in PTC.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical value of combined determination of in vitro allergens and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in indentifying children at a high risk of asthma among those with recurrent wheezing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 148 children with recurrent wheezing (0.5-6 years old) were enrolled as study subjects, and 80 healthy children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the control group. Pharmacia UniCAP immunoassay analyzer was used to measure specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE). Nano Coulomb Nitric Oxide Analyzer was used to measure FeNO. The asthma predictive index (API) was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recurrent wheezing group had a significantly higher proportion of children with positive sIgE than the control group [68.9% (102/148) vs 11.3% (9/80); P<0.05]. The recurrent wheezing group also had significantly higher levels and positive rate of FeNO than the control group (P<0.05). The overall positive rate of API in children with wheezing was 32.4%, and the API-positive children had a significantly higher FeNO value than the API-negative children (51±6 ppb vs 13±5 ppb; P<0.05). The detection rate of API was 40.2% (41/102) in positive-sIgE children and 50.1% (38/73) in FeNO-positive children, and there was no significant difference between these two groups. The children with positive sIgE and FeNO had a significantly higher detection rate of API (81.4%) than those with positive sIgE or FeNO (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combined determination of FeNO and in vitro allergens is more sensitive in detecting children at a high risk of asthma than FeNO or in vitro allergens determination alone and provides a good method for early identification, diagnosis, and intervention of asthma in children.</p>


Subject(s)
Allergens , Allergy and Immunology , Asthma , Diagnosis , Breath Tests , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Infant , Male , Nitric Oxide , Recurrence , Respiratory Sounds , Diagnosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324612

ABSTRACT

As propose of organ repair stem cell therapy technology, articular cartilage cannot be repaired by itself has become one of the research hotspots, repair of articular cartilage with mesenchymal stem cells has shown obvious advantages for the treatment. The scholars have made a preliminary study on the role of mesenchymal stem cells from different sources in the repair of knee articular cartilage, and with the combination of transplantation and cartilage tissue engineering, these technologies improved the human cartilage repair effect of bone marrow, adipose, synovium, cord blood derived stem cells, which achieved good clinical curative effect. Due to the different sources, the dominant and recessive factors, each stem cell will have certain advantages and disadvantages. At present, the clinical research is still in the experimental stage, there is no definite conclusion on which kind of stem cell or technology is more suitable for human cartilage repair. This requires the validation of large-scale or combining with new processing technology clinical trials and the long-term clinical effect, it also provides for the basis for further clinical research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663549

ABSTRACT

Carbon dots have drawn a lot of attentions for their potential usage in bioimaging on the basis of their good biocompatibility and excellent anti-photobleaching ability. However, the relative low fluorescence quantum yield and lockage of near infrared fluorescence emission restrict their applications in the fluorescence imaging analysis. With the improvement of fluorescent properties through different elements doping, more and more carbon dots are used in biological imaging. In this paper, the synthesis of element-doped carbon dots, the influence by different elements doping and the development of element-doped carbon dots in imaging analysis are summarized, and the future prospect are anticipated.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1791-1794, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616847

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of deferred stent implantation in patients with high thrombus burden of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods Select 106 cases with a high thrombus burden within 12 hours of onset in patients with STEMI ,the infarct-related artery thrombus aspiration after antegrade flow of TIMI 2-3 and≤2 points of the thrombus aspiration(TS)patients were randomly divided into immediate stenting group(n = 43)and deferred stenting group(n = 40). Two groups of patients were compared with the myocardial blush grade(MBG),the incidence of slow-/no-reflow ,the incidence of compound endpoints in 6 months and the cardiac function after PCI for 6 months. Results After stenting,the MBG of deferred group was significantly higher than that of immediate group ,the incidence of slow-/no-reflow and the compound endpoints events within 6 months in deferred group was significantly lower than that in the immediate group. After PCI for 6 months,the improvement of LVEF in the deferred group was significantly higher than that in the immediate group, the left ventricular end diastolic dimension(LVEDD)in deferred group was significantly lower than that in immedi-ate group,and the differences were statistically significant(P < 0.05). Conclusions The high thrombus burden in patients with acute STEMI after thrombus aspiration ,deferred stent implantation can significantly reduce the rate of slow-/no-reflow ,improve myocardial perfusion ,reduce the incidence of compound endpoints events ,im-prove cardiac function in patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616436

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and satety of LFK-SLT30 semiconductor laser combined with polidocanol for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities.Methods The clinical data of 105 patients treated by traditional surgery (surgery group) and 113 patients with endovascular laser treatment (EVLT) combined with polidocanol (combination group) were retrospectively analyzed from Apr 2013 to Apr 2015.Results The operative time [(50 ± 12) min vs.(70 ±10)min] and blood loss [(19 ± 6)ml vs.(41 ± 8)ml] between combination group and surgery group were significantly different (P < 0.05).The rate of complications in surgery group was significantly higher than that in the combination group[15.2% (16/105)vs.6.3% (7/113),x2 =4.717,P =0.030].The overall 1',2' and 3 year follow-up rate was 85.3% (186/218),76.6% (167/218),and 60.6% (132/218).The average follow up was (20 ± 13)months.No significant difference existed in the rate of recurrence [0 vs.3.5%(4/113),x2 =3.786,P=0.123] between the two groups.Conclusions EVLT combined with foam sclerotherapy is as effective as surgery,while resulting in less complications,less invasive,safer and more effective for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483615

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of Q?SPECT, CTPA, Q?SPECT/CT, and Q?SPECT/CTPA for pulmonary embolism (PE) in rabbit models. Methods (1) The PE models were constructed by injecting Gelfoam into the femoral vein of New Zealand rabbits ( n=30) . Q?SPECT, CTPA, Q?SPECT/CT and Q?SPECT/CTPA fusion images were obtained by integrated SPECT/CT. (2) All images were interpreted by two experienced nuclear radiologists who were blind to pathologic findings. The locations and numbers of lung lobes with PE were recorded respectively. ( 3) Serial sectioning of the lungs was per?formed and pathologically determined. (4) Se, Sp and Ac of different methods were compared using McNemar test;PPV and NPV were compared usingχ2 test. Kappa test was used to analyze the consistency between two nuclear radiologists. Kappa values0.75 as good consistency. Results (1) Histologically confirmed emboli were present in a total of 26 pulmonary lobes and absent in 79 lobes. (2)The Se, Sp, Ac, PPV, and NPV of 4 imaging methods were:53.8%(14/26), 93.7%(74/79), 83.8%(88/105), 14/19, 86.0%(74/86) for Q?SPECT;73.1%(19/26), 96.2%(76/79), 90.5%(95/105), 86.4%(19/22), 91.6%(76/83) for CTPA;76.9%(20/26), 93.7%(74/79), 89.5%(94/105), 80.0%(20/25), 92.5%(74/80)for Q?SPECT/CT;88.5%(23/26), 91.1%(72/79), 90.5%(95/105), 76.7%(23/30), 96.0%(72/75) for Q?SPECT/CTPA. (3) McNemar test showed Q?SPECT/CT and Q?SPECT/CTPA had higher diagnostic Se for the detection of PE than Q?SPECT (χ2=4.167, 7.111, both P0.05) . Q?SPECT/CT had higher diagnostic Ac than Q?SPECT (χ2=4.167, P0.05). (4)Kappa values of 4 imaging methods for radiologist 1 and 2 were 0.902, 0.915, 0.973, and 0.884. Conclusions Q?SPECT/CT imaging provides good Se and Sp. The diag?nostic efficiency of Q?SPECT/CT is better than that of Q?SPECT and is corresponded roughly to the efficien?cy of CTPA, Q?SPECT/CTPA. The diagnosis of two radiologists on Q?SPECT/CT images has the best con?sistency.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812471

ABSTRACT

Ischemic brain injury is a major disease which threatens human health and safety. (3, 5, 6-trimethylpyrazin-2-yl) methyl 3-methoxy-4-[(3, 5, 6-trimethylpyrazin-2-yl) methoxy] benzoate (VA-T), a newly discovered lead compound, is effective for the treatment of ischemic brain injury and its sequelae. But the poor solubility of VA-T leads to poor dissolution and limited clinical application. In order to improve the dissolution of VA-T, the pharmaceutical technology of solid dispersions was used in the present study. VA-T/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solid dispersion was prepared by the solvent method. The dissolution studies were carried out and solid state characterization was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared spectroscopy (IR), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The dissolution rate of VA-T was significantly improved by solid dispersion compared to that of the pure drug and physical mixture. The results of DSC and XRD indicated that the VA-T solid dispersion was amorphous. The IR spectra showed the possible interaction between VA-T and PVP was the formulation of hydrogen bonding. The SEM analysis demonstrated that there was no VA-T crystal observed in the solid dispersions. The ideal drug-to-PVP ratio was 1:5. In conclusion, the solid dispersion technique can be successfully used for the improvement of the dissolution profile of VA-T.


Subject(s)
Benzoates , Chemistry , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drug Delivery Systems , Povidone , Chemistry , Solubility
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 15-20, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251824

ABSTRACT

Molecular imprinting technique (MIT) involves the synthesis of polymer in the presence of a template to produce complementary binding sites in terms of its size, shape and functional group orientation. Such kind of polymer possesses specific recognition ability towards its template molecule. Despite the rapid development of MIT over the years, the majority of the template molecules that have been studied are small molecules, while molecular imprinting of proteins remains a significant yet challenging task due to their large size, structural flexibility and complex conformation. This review, we summarized the research findings over the past years, and discussed the nano-reinforcing materials used to prepare molecular imprinting of proteins and the perspective of these nano-reinforcing materials.


Subject(s)
Binding Sites , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Imprinting , Nanostructures , Chemistry , Polymers , Chemistry , Proteins , Chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465268

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Artificial valve replacement for valvular disease has good biocompatibility and hemodynamic characteristics, but there are stil many factors that affect its therapeutic effects. OBJECTIVE:To detect the level of serum Apelin-12 in the perioperative period of valve replacement in valvular disease patients with atrial fibrilation. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with valvular heart disease scheduled for artificial valve replacement were selected, including 30 patients with persistent atrial fibrilation (atrial fibrilation group) and 32 patients with sinus rhythm (sinus rhythm group). There were 33 males and 29 females, with a mean age of (55±11) years. Levels of serum Apelin-12 and makers related to inflammation and oxidative stress were detected in two groups at admission. Furthermore, the sinus rhythm group was sub-divided into postoperative atrial fibrilation (POAF) group (n=8) and non-POAF group (n=24) after valve replacement, and the above-mentioned indicators were detected and compared between these two subgroups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with the sinus rhythm group, the serum level of Apelin-12 was significantly lower in the atrial fibrilation group, while the levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 and total antioxidant capacity were significantly higher in the atrial fibrilation group (P <0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the serum level of Apelin-12 was negatively correlated with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level and total antioxidant capacity (r=-0.265,P=0.045;r=-0.960,P <0.001), but not correlated with the interleukin-6 level (r=-0.155,P=0.230). Compared with the non-POAF group, the serum level of Apelin-12 was significantly lower in the POAF group (P< 0.05), but the left atrial diameter, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level were higher in the POAF group (P < 0.05). Apelin-12 may take part in the occurrence and maintenance of atrial fibrilation through the regulation of inflammations and oxidative stresses. The testing of serum Apelin-12 has a certain value in predicting the occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrilation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483208

ABSTRACT

Objective BRAFV600E mutation, RET/PTC rearrangement, and the concomitant of Hashimoto's thyroiditis(HT) could influence clinicopathological features of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).This study is to investigate the distribution of three factors in PTC and to analyze their associations with clinicopathological characteristics.Methods Fine-needle aspiration samples were collected in a total of 122 conventional PTC patients, who were confirmed by surgery.The clinicopathological features were collected to analyze its association with different factors.BRAFV600E mutation and RET/PTC rearrangement were detected by pyrosequencing and Taqman-qPCR, respectively.Results BRAFV600E mutation was significantly correlated with an older age and a less coexistence with HT(P<0.05).In contrast, RET/PTC rearrangement was more prevalent in young patients and was associated with the concomitant of HT(P<0.05).In the age of ≥20 year and<45 year groups, BRAFV600E mutation was significantly associated with extrathyroidal invasiveness.RET/PTC rearrangement was significantly associated with bilateral lymph node metastasis and the number of metastatic lymph node.Conclusions The distribution of three factors were different in PTC patients.In addition to the age at diagnosis, all of three factors should also be considered together to analyze the association of clinicopathological features of PTC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468778

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the causes of arterial reocclusion in diabetic feet patients after endovascular treatment and its remedial measures.Methods From January 2009 to October 2013,clinical data of 371 arterial reocclusion of diabetic feet patients after endovascular treatment in Tianjin First Central Hospital were reviewed retrospectively.We summarized the causes of reocclusion,treatment methods and the short term results.Results According to the Trans-Alantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) Ⅱ grading standards,the first time when the endovascular treatment started there were 37 cases of grade A,85 cases of grade B,143 cases of grade C,106 cases of grade D.Arterial re-occlusion developed from one day to 36 months,averaging at (21 ± 8) months.Causes of re-occlusion included intimal hyperplasia in 263 cases (70.9%),thrombosis in 65 cases (17.5%),dissection in 19 cases (5.1%),stent fracture in 17 cases (4.6%),vascular rupture in 7 cases (1.9%).Remedial therapy adopted for arterial reocclusion was repeated endovascular treatment in 327 cases (88.1%),arterial bypass surgery in 23 cases (6.2%),conservative treatment in 13 cases (3.5%),amputation (cut toe) in 4 cases (1.1%),4 cases (1.1%) died perioperatively.275 cases were followed up for 1 to 36 months,the average was (13 ± 8) months.patency rate was 82.9%,71.3% and 63.0% at 6 months,1 year and 2 years.Amputation rate was 1.1%,1.8% and 2.5% at 6 months,1 year and 2 years.Conclusions Intimal hyperplasia is to blame for arterial reocclusion after endovascular treatment of diabetic foot.In this case most patients still can benefit from second time endovascular treatment,with a satisfactory short term patency rate.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455129

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of changes in protein bile sugar chain structure for differen-tiating benign and malignant biliary tract disease .Methods 100 patients with biliary tract diseases who were treated in Department of General Surgery ,Qingdao Haici Medical Group were selected in this study .According to benign or malignant biliary disease ,the patients were divided into control group ( benign biliary tract disease ) and observation group ( cholangiocarcinoma ) ,50 cases in each group .Two groups of patients with bile drops on the nitrocellulose mem-brane,through the comparison of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA),Datura stramonium agglutinin (DSA),lentil lectin (LCA),concanavalin A(CONA) positive rate of test,to explore the relationship between sugar chain of glycoprotein in bile and bile duct benign and malignant diseases .Results In control group,the positive rates of WGA,DSA,LCA, CONA agglutinin test were 22.0%,14.0%,2.0%,76.0%,those in the observation group were 76.0%,66.0%, 76.0%,82.0% respectively.No statistically significant difference between the two groups of CONA agglutinin test positive rate was observed(P>0.05).The WGA,LCA,DSA agglutination test positive rates in observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ,the differences were statistically significant (χ2 =29.17,28.17, 57.55,all P<0.05).Conclusion Changes in bile glycoprotein chain structure are closely related to benign and ma -lignant biliary tract disease ,positive rates of WGA ,LCA,DSA agglutination test can be used to determine the benign and malignant biliary disease ,it should be popularized in clinical practice .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454404

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of CA125 and CA153 for the combined detection of the disease in breast cancer patients.Methods 100 cases of breast cancer patients were selected as the breast cancer group,and the same period 100 cases of benign breast lesions were selected as the benign group,100 cases of normal healthy subjects were selected as the control group.The expression levels of CA125 and CA153 in the three groups were detected.Results CA153 and CA125 levels in the breast cancer group was (78.4 ± 23.76) U/mL,(71.3 ± 24.7) U/mL; The benign group CA153 and CA125 content were (13.4 ± 3.7) U/mL,(20.6 ± 12.4) U/mL;CA153 and CA125 in the normal control group content were (0.9 ± 0.8) U/mL,(19.3 ± 11.3) U/mL; CA153 and CA125 in the breast cancer group were significantly higher than those of the benign group and the normal control group,the difference was statistically significant (F =34.15,28.42,all P < 0.05) ; CA153 and CA125 alone detected in breast cancer detection rate was 31.0 %,24.0 %,respectively,combined detection of CA153 and CA125 in breast cancer detection rate was 66.0%,CA153 and CA125 alone detected in breast cancer detection rate was significantly lower than the combined detection CA153 and CA125 in the breast cancer detection rate (F =8.21,P < 0.05).CA153 and CA125 expression of breast cancer patients after treatment than that of before treatment significantly reduced,and compare the data with statistically significant (t =21.82,22.31,all P < 0.05).Conclusion The clinical detection of CA125 and CA153 united can effectively improve the diagnosis of breast cancer effect,combined detection of higher sensitivity and specificity.Meanwhile,the combined detection of breast cancer clinical monitoring also ha ssome significance,which is worthy of clinical application.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436203

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and assess the utility of 99Tcm-sulfur colloid (SC) salivary imaging in the routine evaluation of pulmonary aspiration in adult patients with respiratory tract diseases.Methods Eight patients (7 men,1 woman; age range 68 to 80 years,mean age (76 ± 4) years) with respiratory tract disease and history of aspiration by clinical assessment were evaluated prospectively by 99Tcm-SC salivary imaging from April to July 2012.A dose of 74.0 MBq 99Tcm-SC was added to 20 ml saline,mixed well,and administered orally to patients.Dynamic imaging was acquired with posterior projection for 30 min at a rate of 30 s per frame.Two experienced physicians assessed all examination results and reached consensus for final diagnosis.Radioactivity detected at either the bronchi or within the lung fields was reported as positive for aspiration.This study was approved by the institutional review board of Hospital Ethical Committee,and the written informed consent was obtained from patients or their guardians.Results All patients were positive for aspiration by 99Tcm-SC salivary imaging (8/8).Aspiration into bilateral main bronchus was seen in 2 cases,right main bronchus and branch in 4 cases,and left main bronchus and branch in 2 cases.Aspirated tracer could be visualized as early as 3 min,latest at 24 min,and the median was 19 min.Conclusion 99Tcm-SC salivary imaging is useful for the detection of aspiration in adult patients with respiratory tract diseases.

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