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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964967

ABSTRACT

As a rare Chinese medicinal material, Paridis Rhizoma is mainly distributed in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Guizhou in southwestern China, with the effect of clearing heat and detoxifying, alleviating edema and relieving pain, cooling liver and tranquilizing mind. It is particularly effective for injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains, snake bites, cold wind-induced convulsion, and other diseases, which has been used for more than 2 000 years. According to modern research, polyphyllin Ⅱ, one of the main active components of Paridis Rhizoma, belongs to diosgenin in structure. It has the anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, immune-regulating, antioxidant, and multidrug resistance-reversing activities, showing good application prospect. Especially, the anti-tumor effect of polyphyllin Ⅱ has attracted wide attention, and the mechanism is inhibiting proliferation, migration, and invasion of tumor cells, inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy, suppressing angiogenesis, and modulating tumor microenvironment. However, the pharmacokinetic results show that polyphyllin Ⅱ has low bioavailability in vivo due to the low solubility, poor absorption, unsatisfactory distribution, and slow metabolism, which limit the clinical application. In recent years, there has been an explosion of research on the adverse reactions of polyphyllin Ⅱ, such as the strong hemolytic activity and obvious cytotoxicity to liver, kidney, myocardium and cardiovascular cells. Thus, papers were retrieved from "CNKI", "VIP", "Wanfang Data", "PubMed", "Web of Science", and "Elsevier SD" with "Paris saponin Ⅱ", "Polyphyllin Ⅱ" as the main keywords, and the pharmacological activities and mechanisms, pharmacokinetics, and adverse reactions were summarized. The findings are expected to serve as a reference for the in-depth research, development, and utilization of polyphyllin Ⅱ.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the business performance of an urban public tertiary hospital in Jiangsu province since the comprehensive reform of urban public hospitals started from the end of 2015, for reference in developing relevant policies.Methods:Such level-1 indicators as risk management ability, asset operation ability, revenue and expenditure structure management, asset profitability and future development ability were selected based on literature review, along with 14 level-2 indicators, to build an operation performance appraisal indicator system for urban public hospitals. The entropy weight TOPSIS method was used to evaluate the business performance of an urban public hospital in Jiangsu province from 2015 to 2019.Results:The drugs proportion(a level-2 indicator) under the revenue and expenditure structure management, the growth rate of fixed assets(a level-2 indicator) under the future development ability, and the total return(a level-2 indicator) under the asset profitability, were important ones affecting the business performance of hospitals, with the weights of 0.099, 0.097 and 0.080 respectively. The business operation performance ranking as calculated by the relative closeness, was 2015(0.515), 2016(0.480), 2019(0.467), 2018(0.450) and 2017(0.356) respectively.Conclusions:The reform once resulted in fluctuations in the operation performance of this hospital, with constant declines from 2015 to 2017. With the deepening reform, its performance recovered after 2018 to some extent. It is suggested to improve the business operation performance of urban public hospitals by optimizing their income and expenditure structure, improving their asset operation ability, and matching rationally their asset liability structure, among other measures.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936100

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and preliminary technical experience of the double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis after total laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (TLPG) in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: A descriptive case series study method was used. Clinical data of 12 AEG patients who underwent the double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis after TLPG from January 2021 to June 2021 at the Department of General Surgery, First Medical Center, PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 12 patients, the median tumor diameter was 2.0 (1.5-2.9) cm, and the pathological stage was T1-3N0-3aM0. All the patients routinely underwent TLPG and D2 lymph node dissection with double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis: (1) Double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis: mesentery 25 cm away from the Trevor ligament was treated, and an incision of about 1 cm was made on the mesenteric border of the intestinal wall and the right wall of the esophagus, two arms of the linear cutting closure were inserted, and esophagojejunal side-to-side anastomosis was performed. A linear stapler was used to cut off the lower edge of the anastomosis and close the common opening to complete the esophagojejunal π-shaped anastomosis. (2) Side-to-side gastrojejunostomy anastomosis: an incision of about 1 cm was made at the jejunum to mesenteric border and at the greater curvature of the remnant stomach 15 cm from the esophagojejunostomy, and a linear stapler was inserted to complete the gastrojejunostomy side-to-side anastomosis. (3) Side-to-side jejunojejunal anastomosis: an incision of about 1 cm was made at the proximal and distal jejunum to the mesangial border 40 cm from the esophagojejunostomy, and two arms of the linear stapler were inserted respectively to complete the side-to-side jejunojejunal anastomosis. A midline incision about 4-6 cm in the upper abdomen was conducted to take out the specimen, and an abdominal drainage tube was placed, then layer-by-layer abdominal closure was performed.@*INDICATIONS@#(1) adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (Seiwert type II-III) was diagnosed by endoscopy and pathological examination; (2) ability to preserve at least 1/2 of the distal stomach after R0 resection of proximal stomach was evaluated preoperatively.@*CONTRAINDICATIONS@#(1) evaluation indicated distant metastasis of tumor or invasion of other organs; (2) short abdominal esophagus or existence of diaphragmatic hiatal hernia was assessed during the operation; (3) mesentery was too short or the tension was too high; (4) existence of severe comorbidities before surgery; (5) only palliative surgery was required in preoperative evaluation; (6) poor nutritional status.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, time to first flatus and time to start liquid diet, postoperative hospital stay, operation cost, etc. Continuous variables that conformed to normal distribution were presented as mean ± standard deviation, and those that did not conform to normal distribution were presented as median (Q1,Q3). Results: All the patients successfully completed TLPG with double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis, and postoperative pathology showed that no cancer cells were found on the upper incision margin. The operation time was (247.9±62.4) minutes, the median intraoperative blood loss was 100.0 (62.5, 100.0) ml, no intraoperative blood transfusion was required, the incision length was (4.9±1.0) cm, and the operation cost was (55.5±0.7) thousand yuan. The median time to start liquid diet was 1.0 (1.0, 2.0) days, and the mean time to flatus was (3.1±0.9) days. All the patients were discharged uneventfully. Only 1 patient developed postoperative paralytic ileus and infectious pneumonia with Clavien-Dindo classification of grade II. The patient recovered after conservative treatment. There was no surgery-related death. The postoperative hospital stay was (8.3±2.1) days. Conclusion: The double-tract reconstruction combined with π-shaped esophagojejunal anastomosis after TLPG is safe and feasible, which can minimize surgical trauma and accelerate postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Flatulence , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936059

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the differences of short-term outcomes and quality of life (QoL) for gastric cancer patients between totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy using an endoscopic linear stapler and laparoscopic-assisted total gastrectomy using a circular stapler. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Clinicopathological data of patients with stage I to III gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent laparoscopic total gastrectomy from January 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively collected. Those who were ≥80 years old, had serious complications that could affect the quality of life, underwent multi-organ resections, palliative surgery, emergency surgery due to gastrointestinal perforation, obstruction, bleeding, died or lost to follow-up within 1 year after surgery were excluded. A total of 130 patients were enrolled and divided into circular stapler group (CS group, 77 cases) and linear stapler group (LS group, 53 cases) according to the surgical method. The differences of age, gender, body mass index, number of comorbidities, history of abdominal surgery, ASA, tumor location, degree of differentiation, tumor length, tumor T stage, tumor N stage, tumor pathological stage and preoperative quality of life between the two groups were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). The observation indicators: (1) Surgery and postoperative conditions. (2) Postoperative complications: Any adverse conditions that require conservative treatment or surgical intervention after surgery were defined as postoperative complications, of which, complications occurring within 30 days after surgery were defined as early complications; complications occurring within 30 days to 1 year after surgery were defined as late complications. (3) Postoperative quality of life was assessed by the quality of life core scale (QLQ-C30) and gastric cancer specific module scale (QLQ-STO22). The higher the scores of functional scales and global health status, the better the corresponding quality of life. The higher the scores of symptoms scales, the worse the corresponding quality of life. Results: (1) Surgery and postoperative conditions: Compared with the CS group, the LS group presented less intraoperative blood loss [50.0 (50.0-100.0) ml vs. 100.0 (100.0-100.0) ml, Z=-3.111, P=0.002] and earlier time to flatus [(3.1±0.8) days vs. (3.5±1.1) days, t=-2.490, P=0.014]. However, there were no statistically significant differences between two groups of patients in terms of operation time, time to start a liquid diet and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). (2) Postoperative complications: The early complication rates of the CS group and the LS group were 22.1% (17/77) and 18.9% (10/53), respectively, while the late complication rate were 18.2% (14/77) and 15.1% (8/53), respectively, whose differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). (3) Postoperative quality of life: After 1-year follow-up, 7 (5.4%) patients were lost, including 5 in CS group and 2 in LS group. One year after operation, the QLQ-C30 scale showed that the score of financial difficulty of the LS group was significantly higher than that of the CS group [33.3 (0 to 33.3) vs.0 (0 to 33.3), Z=-1.972, P=0.049] with statistically significant difference, and there were no statistically significant differences in the scores of other functional fields and symptom fields between the two groups (all P>0.05). The QLQ-STO22 scale showed that the scores of dysphagia [0 (0 to 5.6) vs. 0 (0 to 11.1), Z=-2.094, P=0.036] and eating restriction were significantly lower [0 (0 to 4.2) vs. 0 (0 to 8.3), Z=-2.011, P=0.044] in patients of the LS group than those of the CS group. There were no significant differences in scores of other symptoms between two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the circular stapler, the esophagojejunostomy with linear stapler for gastric cancer patients can reduce intraoperative blood loss, shorten the time to flatus after operation, alleviate the symptoms of dysphagia and eating restriction but increase the economic burden to a certain degree.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Gastrectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935903

ABSTRACT

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a transmembrane protein on the Golgi apparatus and can be cut and released into the blood. In recent years, an increasing number of clinical studies have shown that the elevated serum GP73 level is closely related to liver diseases. And thus GP73 is expected to be used as a new serum marker for assessing progress of chronic liver diseases. Herein, the clinical application of serum GP73 in chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma with different etiologies was reviewed based on available literatures; and a research outlook in this field is made.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Golgi Apparatus , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms
6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 404-407, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875708

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of Children s Dental Fear (CDF) among 12-15 year-old children in Shenzhen city, so as to provide a framework to alleviate CDF and promote oral health.@*Methods@#Multi-stage stratified random sampling was used to select 5 509 children, aged 12-15 years, to participate in this study, which was carried out from October to November, 2018. The Children s Fear Survey Scheduling-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and oral health examinations were conducted in Shenzhen.@*Results@#The prevalence of dental fear in children aged 12, 13, 14, and 15 years in Shenzhen was 30.3%, 30.5%, 33.6%, and 26.9%, respectively(χ 2=11.97, P=0.01). The CFSS-DS scores were(29.86±13.23)(29.72±13.59)(31.23±14.47)(29.79±13.24), respectively(F=3.60, P=0.01). The CFSS-DS scores of male and female participants were (27.92±13.69) and (32.62±13.12)(t=-12.97, P<0.01), respectively, and the CDF prevalence rates were 23.8% and 38.8%, respectively(χ 2=159.29, P<0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, brushing frequency, visiting experience, oral knowledge level, oral health attitude, oral health and general health status were correlated with CDF (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Attention should be paid to the prevalence of dental phobia among children aged 12-15 years in Shenzhen, and comprehensive intervention measures should be taken to improve children s oral health.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2810-2817, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921217

ABSTRACT

Low-level viremia (LLV) was defined as persistent or intermittent episodes of detectable hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA (<2000 IU/mL, detection limit of 10 IU/mL) after 48 weeks of antiviral treatment. Effective antiviral therapies for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, such as entecavir (ETV), tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), have been shown to inhibit the replication of HBV DNA and prevent liver-related complications. However, even with long-term antiviral therapy, there are still a number of patients with persistent or intermittent LLV. At present, the research on LLV to address whether adversely affect the clinical outcome is limited, and the follow-up treatment for these patients is open to question. At the same time, the mechanism of LLV is not clear. In this review, we summarize the incidence of LLV, the association between LLV and long-term outcomes, possible mechanisms, and management strategies in these patient populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Nucleosides/therapeutic use , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Viremia/drug therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931883

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between 1H-MRS in hippocampus and peripheral blood cytokines and T lymphocyte subsets in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy, and to explore the relationship between immune dysfunction and the degree of neuronal injury. Methods:Fifty patients with temporal lobe epilepsy were selected from Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from October 2020 to July 2021.Clinical data of all patients were collected and they were divided into two groups according to MRI results of epileptic sequence: abnormal hippocampal MRI group ( n=20) and normal hippocampal MRI group ( n=30). Bilateral 1H-MRS scanning of hippocampal and detection of T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in peripheral blood during interictal period were performed in both groups. The levels of hippocampal metabolites NAA, NAA/(Cr+ Cho), T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in peripheral blood of the two groups were compared.At the same time, the levels of NAA and NAA/ (Cr+ Cho) in the hippocampus on the abnormal side and the normal side in the abnormal hippocampal MRI group were compared within the group. Finally, the correlation between the levels of metabolites NAA, NAA/ (Cr+ Cho) in the hippocampus on the abnormal side obtained by 1H-MRS scanning and T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in the abnormal group of MRI was analyzed. The data were statistically analyzed by SPSS 26.0 software. Independent sample t-test or Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between the two groups. Paired sample t-test was used for intra group comparison of different sides. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between each index. Results:The NAA and NAA/(Cr+ Cho) values of the abnormal MRI group(normal side NAA: (1.22±0.37), NAA/(Cr+ Cho): (0.56±0.15). abnormal side NAA: (1.02±0.34), NAA/(Cr+ Cho): (0.48±0.13)) were significantly lower than those of the normal MRI group (NAA: (1.51±0.36), NAA/(Cr+ Cho): (0.73±0.19))(NAA: t=2.705, 4.800, both P<0 05; NAA/(Cr+ Cho): t=3.394, 4.914, both P<0 05). The values of NAA and NAA/(Cr+ Cho) in the abnormal side in the MRI abnormal group were significantly lower than those in the normal side( t=6.467, P<0 05). The levels of IL-1β(11.19(3.56, 20.98)pg/ml), IL-5 (3.12(1.86, 6.41)pg/ml), TNF-α(2.55(1.19, 8.28)pg/ml), CD4+ T lymphocytes((43.13±6.82)%) and Th/Ts((1.96±0.66)) in the hippocampal MRI abnormal group were significantly higher than those in normal MRI group (IL-1β: 3.27(1.63, 6.17)pg/ml, IL-5: 1.15(0.96, 2.96)pg/ml, TNF-α: 1.34(1.02, 2.36)pg/ml, CD4+ T: (38.01±7.21)%, Th/Ts: (1.48±0.53))( Z=-3.041, -2.516, -2.496, all P<0.05; t=2.511, 2.810, both P<0 05). The level of CD8+ T ((23.48±5.33)%) in peripheral blood of abnormal MRI group was significantly lower than that of normal group CD8+ T((27.18±6.08)%)( t=2.210, P<0.05). In the abnormal MRI group, the levels of NAA and NAA/ (Cr+ Cho) in the abnormal hippocampus were negatively correlated with the levels of IL-1β, IL-5 and TNF- α ( r=-0.612--0.463, all P<0.05), and positively correlated with CD8+ T lymphocytes ( r=0.537, 0.478, P<0.05). Conclusion:There is neuronal damage and dysfunction in the abnormal hippocampal region of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with abnormal hippocampal formation, and the degree of neuronal damage is highly correlated with CD8+ T lymphocytes, IL-5, IL-1β and TNF-α in peripheral blood. The imbalance of interictal lymphocyte subsets and chronic inflammatory response may play an important role in the pathogenesis of epilepsy and neuronal injury .

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 483-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of daratumumab combined with chemotherapy bridging to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) followed by daratumumab and lenalidomide maintenance treatment for primary plasma cell leukemia (PCL).Methods:The clinical data of a patient with primary PCL admitted to the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province in January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and relevant literatures were reviewed.Results:The patient was diagnosed with primary PCL and treated with daratumumab combined with BD (bortezomib + dexamethasone) for 1 course and BCDD (bortezomib + cyclophosphamide + liposomaldoxorubicin + dexamethasone) for two courses. The patient was treated with daratumumab combined with allo-HSCT after complete remission. The donor cells were successfully implanted and the chimerism rate of donor cells was 94.36% without acute graft-versus-host disease reaction. And then the patient received intermittent maintenance therapy of daratumumab combined with low dose lenalidomide after transplantation, and the current remission period after transplantation reached 4 months.Conclusions:Daratumumab combined with chemotherapy bridging to allo-HSCT followed by daratumumab and lenalidomide may improve the prognosis of primary PCL and prolong survival time.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 461-465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907199

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the significance of Th1/Th2 cytokines in prognostic stratification of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:A total of 83 patients with newly diagnosed AML from June 2017 to April 2019 in the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province were collected. According to the Chinese guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of adult acute myeloid leukemia (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) (2017 edition), AML patients were divided into poor prognosis group (45 cases), moderate prognosis group (19 cases), and good prognosis group (19 cases); moderate prognosis plus poor prognosis was treated as the not good prognosis. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare the expression differences of Th1/Th2 cytokines in peripheral blood of different prognosis groups; cytokines with statistical differences among different prognosis groups were selected, and the cut-off value of AML patients with different prognostic stratification distinguished by cytokines was determined by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Finally, patients were divided into ≥ cut-off value group and <cut-off value group according to the cut-off value, and then the association of both groups with the prognostic stratification in guideline was also analyzed. Results:The median expression level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-β of patients in moderate prognosis group [3.80 pg/ml (2.75 pg/ml, 15.32 pg/ml)] was higher than that of patients in poor prognosis group [2.78 pg/ml (1.28 pg/ml, 3.36 pg/ml)] and good prognosis group [1.61 pg/ml (0.83 pg/ml, 3.04 pg/ml)] ( U=216, P=0.02; U = 312, P < 0.05); the median expression level of TNF-β in good prognosis group was lower than that in poor prognosis group ( U = 562, P = 0.048). There were no statistically significant differences in the expression levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines of AML patients with different prognostic stratification (all P>0.05).The cut-off value of TNF-β was 3.23 pg/ml in good prognosis group and moderate prognosis group, the area under the ROC curve was 0.866 (95% CI 0.753-0.978, P < 0.05); among 26 patients with TNF-β≥ 3.23 pg/ml, 25 (96.2%) patients had not good prognosis. The cut-off value was 3.62 pg/ml for distinguishing between moderate prognosis group and poor prognosis group, the area under the ROC curve was 0.747 (95% CI 0.610-0.884, P = 0.02); 18 (100%) patients with TNF-β≥ 3.62 pg/ml had not good prognosis. The cut-off value was 2.19 pg/ml for distinguishing between good prognosis group and not good prognosis group, the area under the ROC curve was 0.719 (95% CI 0.595-0.842, P = 0.04); among 53 patients with TNF-β≥2.19 pg/ml, 46 (86.8%) patients had not good prognosis. Conclusions:The high expression of TNF-β may indicate that the prognosis of AML patients is not good. When the level of TNF-β was equal or greater than 3.62 pg/ml, it may contribute to the prognostic stratification of AML patients.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 563-567, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884091

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of primary adrenal cortical carcinoma (PACC) and improve the imaging diagnostic level of primary adrenocortical carcinoma.Methods:The imaging features of 15 patients with biopsy or pathology confirmed PACC were retrospectively analiezed. There were 12 patients underwent CT examination, 7 patients underwent MR examination, and 4 patients underwent CT and MR exminations.Results:All of 15 PACCs were unilateral (10 on the right, 5 on the left). The maximum diameters of the lesions ranged from 4.4 to 15.1 (8.9±3.3)cm. The shape of the tumor was oval in 6 cases and irregular in 9 cases. CT findings: 1 cases showed homogeneous density and 11 cases were heterogeneous attenuation (including 2 cases with hemorrhage and 1 case with fat) on plain scan. The CT values of triple-phase of PACC ranged from 28.8 to 62.0(39.2±8.5)HU, 32.7 to 83.4(52.5±14.4)HU and 43.4 to 86.4(61.1±15.0)HU respectively. All cases showed mild (7 cases) and moderate (4 cases) gradual enhancement, only one case excluded. MRI findings: inhomogeneous mild and moderate enhancement were detected in 6 cases and homogeneneous enhancement was found in 1 case. The solid parts of PACC showed iso-signal intensity in T1WI, hyper-signal intensity in T2WI and diffusion limited in the diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). There were 14 cases of vascular shadow in 15 patients, and 3 cases of involvement and metastasis of surrounding tissues and organs.Conclusions:PACC often present as a big solitary heterogenous mass with necrotic area, hemorrhage and intratumoral vascular. The mild to moderate heterogenous gradual enhancement can be seen after the contrast.

12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 565-583, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828772

ABSTRACT

The anterior pituitary gland drives highly conserved physiologic processes in mammalian species. These hormonally controlled processes are central to somatic growth, pubertal transformation, fertility, lactation, and metabolism. Current cellular models of mammalian anteiror pituitary, largely built on candidate gene based immuno-histochemical and mRNA analyses, suggest that each of the seven hormones synthesized by the pituitary is produced by a specific and exclusive cell lineage. However, emerging evidence suggests more complex relationship between hormone specificity and cell plasticity. Here we have applied massively parallel single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), in conjunction with complementary imaging-based single-cell analyses of mRNAs and proteins, to systematically map both cell-type diversity and functional state heterogeneity in adult male and female mouse pituitaries at single-cell resolution and in the context of major physiologic demands. These quantitative single-cell analyses reveal sex-specific cell-type composition under normal pituitary homeostasis, identify an array of cells associated with complex complements of hormone-enrichment, and undercover non-hormone producing interstitial and supporting cell-types. Interestingly, we also identified a Pou1f1-expressing cell population that is characterized by a unique multi-hormone gene expression profile. In response to two well-defined physiologic stresses, dynamic shifts in cellular diversity and transcriptome profiles were observed for major hormone producing and the putative multi-hormone cells. These studies reveal unanticipated cellular complexity and plasticity in adult pituitary, and provide a rich resource for further validating and expanding our molecular understanding of pituitary gene expression programs and hormone production.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the regulatory mechanism of MS275, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on the p38 MAPK signaling pathway in rats with convulsion in the developmental stage.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), PTZ+3 mg/kg MS275, and PTZ+6 mg/kg MS275 (n=8 each). A rat model of convulsion in the developmental stage was prepared by an intraperitoneal injection of PTZ. The rats in the control group were given an injection of normal saline alone. MS275 was given by an intraperitoneal injection at 2 hours before PTZ injection. At 24 hours after successful modeling, 6 rats were taken from each group. Western blot and qRT-PCR were used to measure the protein and mRNA expression of p38, MK2, cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the hippocampus. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe brain pathological changes. Western blot was used to measure the expression of CD11b as a marker for the activation of microglial cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the PTZ group had significant increases in the mRNA and protein expression of p38, MK2, CREB, and IL-6 (P<0.05). MS275 significantly inhibited the mRNA and protein expression of the above markers in the rats with convulsion in the developmental stage (P<0.05), and 6 mg/kg MS275 had a significantly better inhibitory effect on the mRNA and protein expression of IL-6 and CREB than 3 mg/kg MS275 (P<0.05). HE staining showed that the PTZ group had marked neuron apoptosis, cellular edema, and inflammatory cell infiltration, while MS275 intervention alleviated neuron apoptosis and cellular edema and reduced inflammatory cell infiltration in the rats with convulsion. The PTZ group had a significant increase in the activation of microglial cells, while MS275 significantly inhibited the activation of microglial cells in the rats with convulsion (P<0.05); 6 mg/kg MS275 had a significantly better inhibitory effect than 3 mg/kg MS275 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In rats with convulsion in the developmental stage, the histone deacetylase inhibitor MS275 can inhibit the p38 MAPK signaling pathway, the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons, and the activation of microglial cells and thus reduce inflammatory response and convulsion-induced brain injury in a dose-dependent manner.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pentylenetetrazole , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seizures , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
14.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 565-583, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828608

ABSTRACT

The anterior pituitary gland drives highly conserved physiologic processes in mammalian species. These hormonally controlled processes are central to somatic growth, pubertal transformation, fertility, lactation, and metabolism. Current cellular models of mammalian anteiror pituitary, largely built on candidate gene based immuno-histochemical and mRNA analyses, suggest that each of the seven hormones synthesized by the pituitary is produced by a specific and exclusive cell lineage. However, emerging evidence suggests more complex relationship between hormone specificity and cell plasticity. Here we have applied massively parallel single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq), in conjunction with complementary imaging-based single-cell analyses of mRNAs and proteins, to systematically map both cell-type diversity and functional state heterogeneity in adult male and female mouse pituitaries at single-cell resolution and in the context of major physiologic demands. These quantitative single-cell analyses reveal sex-specific cell-type composition under normal pituitary homeostasis, identify an array of cells associated with complex complements of hormone-enrichment, and undercover non-hormone producing interstitial and supporting cell-types. Interestingly, we also identified a Pou1f1-expressing cell population that is characterized by a unique multi-hormone gene expression profile. In response to two well-defined physiologic stresses, dynamic shifts in cellular diversity and transcriptome profiles were observed for major hormone producing and the putative multi-hormone cells. These studies reveal unanticipated cellular complexity and plasticity in adult pituitary, and provide a rich resource for further validating and expanding our molecular understanding of pituitary gene expression programs and hormone production.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867648

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict the epitopes of the spike protein of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and to analyze the mutation characteristics of this protein.Methods:The gene sequences of 2019-nCoV was downloaded from GenBank and Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data database (as of March 4, 2020). ClustalW, MEGA 7.0, Immune Epitope Database and other software were used for predicting potential B lymphocyte and T lymphocyte epitopes of spike protein, and then mutations were compared in epitope and non-epitope regions. Statistical analysis was performed with chi-square test.Results:There were 130 potential epitopes, including 25 linear B lymphocyte epitopes, 18 non-linear B lymphocyte epitopes, 71 human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-Ⅰ restricted T lymphocyte epitopes, and 16 HLA class-Ⅱ restricted T lymphocyte epitopes in spike protein. S 404-426displayed the higher antigenicity-score, and its population coverage was 73.4% in China. Compared with the spike protein before January 31, the mutation frequencies of spike protein were increased both in non-epitope (15.4% vs 21.7%) and epitope regions (6.2% vs 8.7%) after January 31, but the differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). Conclusions:The study identifies several epitopes of 2019-nCoV spike protein, which provides a preliminary basis for the study of 2019-nCoV vaccine. Mutations in spike protein have an increasing trend which needs more attention and research in the future.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of artificial neural network in laparoscopic surgery training.Methods:The prospective cohort study was conducted. A total of 158 trainees from the First Hospital Affiliated to Army Medical University between Semptember and November, 2019 who had no experience in laparoscopic technology were selected for laparoscopic surgery training, including 52 graduate students of surgery from grade 2019, 2018 and 2017, 58 surgeons receiving standardized residency training, 12 interns and 36 refresher physicians. The 158 trainees were divided into two groups using the random number table. Trainees trained by artificial neural network laparoscopic simulator were allocated into artificial neural network group, and trainees trained by box laparoscopic simulator were allocated into general laparoscopic simulator group. Trainees in both groups were trained using the laparoscopic simulator for 10 hours (5-day continuous training, 2 hours per day) on fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery. Observation indicators: (1) comparison of operation grades on laparoscopic simulator before and after training in the two groups; (2) comparison of improvement of the operation grades on laparoscopic simulator after training between the two groups. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, comparison within groups was analyzed using the paired t test and comparison between groups was analyzed using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Results:A total of 158 trainees were selected for eligibility, including 140 males and 18 females, aged from 23 to 34 years, with a median age of 27 years. Of the 158 trainees, 79 were in the artificial neural network group and 79 were in the general laparoscopic simulator group. (1) Comparison of operation grades on laparoscopic simulator before and after training in the two groups: operation grades of the nails transferring, pattern cutting, ligation, sewing knots in vivo and sewing knots in vitro for the artificial neural network group before training were 51.2±4.9, 45.6±3.7, 43.0±3.6, 42.1±3.1, and 39.6±3.1, respectively. The above indicators for the artificial neural network group after training were 78.6±3.0, 76.4±3.9, 79.9±2.5, 78.3±3.5, and 84.1±3.8, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators for the artificial neural network group before and after training ( t=-42.490, -56.256, -80.373, -70.802, -79.742, P<0.05). The above indicators for the general laparoscopic simulator group before training were 50.1±2.9, 45.4±3.9, 42.7±3.0, 42.3±3.4, and 39.2±4.7, respectively. The above indicators for the general laparoscopic simulator group after training were 70.4±5.0, 69.8±4.0, 72.3±3.3, 72.3±3.5, and 72.8±3.2, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators for the general laparoscopic simulator group before and after training ( t=-28.942, -42.436, -58.357, -52.322, -53.098, P<0.05). (2) Comparison of improvement of the operation grades on laparoscopic simulator after training between the two groups: improvement of the operation grades in the nails transferring, pattern cutting, ligation, sewing knots in vivo and sewing knots in vitro for the artificial neural network group after training were 27.4±5.7, 30.8±5.0, 36.9±4.1, 36.2±4.5 and 39.5±5.4, respectively. The above indicators for the general laparoscopic simulator group after training were 20.3±6.2, 24.4±5.1, 29.6±4.5, 29.9±5.1 and 33.5±5.6, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=7.597, 7.946, 10.638, 8.200, 6.969, P<0.05). Conclusion:The introduction of artificial neural network in laparoscopic surgery training can improve the training effects.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826388

ABSTRACT

To investigate the risk factors associated with acute renal failure (ARF) after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) surgery. A total of 156 patients underwent TAAA repair between January 2009 and December 2017. Renal failure was defined based on the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria. The patients were divided into ARF group and non-ARF group based on the presence/absence of postoperative ARF. The risk factors of ARF were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic analysis. The subjects included 111 males and 45 females aged (40.4±10.9) years (range:19-65 years). The surgical reasons included aortic dissection (=130,83.3%),aneurysm (=22,14.1%),and pseudoaneurysm (=4,2.6%). The degrees of repair included Crawford extent I in 6 patients (3.8%),extent Ⅱ in 128 patients (82.1%),extent Ⅲ in 20 patients (12.8%),and extent Ⅳ in 2 patients(1.3%). There were 3 patients presented with aortic rupture and 6 patients received emergent operations. Nine patients (5.8%) died within 30 days after surgery,and 8 patients (5.1%) suffered from permanent paraplegia. Thirty-six patients (23.1%) had ARF after surgery,and 18 of them needed dialysis. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that smoking ( =2.637,95%=1.113-6.250,=0.028),packed red blood cell usage in operation (≥6 U) ( =5.508,95%=2.144-11.930,=0.000),reoperation for bleeding (=3.529,95%=1.298-9.590,=0.013) were independent risk factors for ARF after TAAA repair. Smoking,packed red blood cell usage in operation (≥6 U),reoperation for bleeding are the independent risk factors of ARF after TAAA surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acute Kidney Injury , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic , General Surgery , Blood Transfusion , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoking , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1004-1007, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754098

ABSTRACT

To investigate the risk factors and prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children with sepsis in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods A retrospective analysis of clinical data of PICU sepsis children in Anhui Children's Hospital from May 2015 to May 2018 was performed. The children were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to whether AKI occurred within 48 hours of PICU [referring to the diagnostic criteria for Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO)]. The general data, physiological data and clinical outcomes of the two groups were compared; Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of AKI in children with sepsis and the prognostic factors. Results AKI occurred in 55 of 127 children with sepsis, the incidence of AKI was 43.3%, and the overall mortality was 28.3% (36/127), with 41.8% (23/55) in AKI group and 18.1% (13/72) in non-AKI group.① Compared with non-AKI group, oxygenation index, albumin, the pediatric critical illness case score (PCIS) and urine volume in AKI group were significantly decreased, while cystatin C, procalcitonin (PCT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), pediatric multiple organ dysfunction score (P-MODS), the proportions of mechanical ventilation, vasoactive drug use, shock, septic shock and mortality were significantly increased, while there was no difference in age, gender, mean arterial pressure (MAP), white blood cell count (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that low serum albumin [odds ratio (OR) = 0.627, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.495-0.794, P = 0.000] and homocystatin C (OR = 2.641, 95%CI = 1.157-6.032, P = 0.021) were risk factors for AKI in children with sepsis. ② Compared with the survival group of children with sepsis AKI, the proportion of mechanical ventilation, septic shock, vasoactive drug use, positive balance ratio of liquid for 72 hours, 6-hour lactate clearance rate < 10%, and AKI 3-stage patients in the death group of children with sepsis AKI were significantly increased. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that 72-hour positive liquid balance (OR = 8.542, 95%CI = 1.956-37.307, P = 0.004) and 6-hour lactate clearance rate < 10% (OR = 5.980, 95%CI = 1.393-25.676, P = 0.016) were risk factors for the death of children with sepsis AKI. Conclusions Serum albumin and cystatin C should be closely monitored in children with sepsis. Early detection and intervention of positive fluid balance and low lactate clearance rate can reduce the mortality of AKI in children with sepsis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 305-309, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754925

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in magnetic resonance imaging characteristics between perianal?fistulas of Crohn disease (P?FCD) and perianal?fistulas of non?Crohn disease (P?FNCD). Methods A retrospective analysis was made of 109 patients with perianal fistula who were confirmed by clinical examinations and surgery and had complete preoperative pelvic MRI data from sir run run shaw hospital affiliated to Zhejiang University from June 2015 to March 2017. Patients were divided into P?FCD and P?FNCD groups according to whether the patient was clinically diagnosed with Crohn disease (CD). There were 59 cases in group P?FCD and 50 cases in group P?FNCD. All patients underwent pelvic MRI plain scan and enhanced scan. the classifications of perianal fistula (St. James University Hospital classification and improved Parks classification) were evaluated. The number of branches, the number of abscesses, the number of internal opening, the height of the internal opening were measured and recorded. The incidence of proctitis and anal inflammation were recorded. Van Assche score was evaluated. Measured data between patients in the P?FCD and P?FNCD groups were compared using independent sample t test (normal distribution) or non?parametric test (skewed distribution).The quantitative data were compared using cross?sectional Pearson χ2 test. Results There were significant differences in the number of branches, the number of abscesses, the number of internal opening, the height of the internal opening, the positive rate of proctitis, the positive rate of anal canalitis, and the Van Assche score between the P?FCD group and the P?FNCD group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the modified Parks classification between the P?FCD group and the P?FNCD group (P>0.05).There was significant difference in the classification of St. James University Hospital between the P?FCD group and the P?FNCD group (P<0.05). Conclusions P?FCD is mainly composed of high complex anal fistula, which is significantly different from P?FNCD. We used St. James University Hospital classification and Van Assche score to diagnose perianal fistula in combination with clinical examinations, which was helpful for the diagnosis of P?FCD.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746347

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the operation efficiency of hospital clinical departments and explore ways to improve inefficient units from an input-output perspective.Methods We used the data envelopment analysis(DEA) to analyze the panel data in 2013-2017 from 30 clinical departments of a hospital,applying the CCR model and the BCC model.Results The overall operation efficiency of the hospital was as high as 26.32% of its clinical departments showed the increasing returns to scale.The scale efficiency was found to be high when the bed size in clinical departments ranged from 1 to 20,from 41 to 80,or from 91 to 100.There was an irrationality in fixed assets and staff deployment.Conclusions Size and input of clinical departments should be carefully planned to increase resource utilization efficiency.

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