Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 180
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 841-848, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993511

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of recurrence after resection of thigh soft tissue malignant tumors and the evaluation of the postoperative lower limb function.Methods:A total of 211 patients who underwent thigh soft tissue malignant tumor resection in the Department of Orthopaedics of the second affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Zhejiang University from May 2011 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 117 males and 94 females, aged 53 (43, 65) years. There were 59 cases of atypical/well-differentiated liposarcoma, 30 cases of other types of liposarcoma, 33 cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, 19 cases of fibrosarcoma, 12 cases of rhabdomyosarcoma, 12 cases of leiomyosarcoma, 9 cases of synovial sarcoma, and 37 cases of others. The tumor involvement of muscle, bone, blood vessel, nerve tissue and intermuscular compartment, postoperative Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) functional score and recurrence were recorded. The relationship between anatomical structure and postoperative recurrence was analyzed by Cox logistic regression to determine risk factors; the cumulative recurrence rate of different compartment groups (medial compartment, anterior compartment, and posterior compartment) were compared; The Box plot was used to compare the postoperative function of patients with resection of different anatomical structures (e.g., vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, femur, etc.).Results:A total of 34 out of 211 patients relapsed, with a recurrence rate of 16.1%. The recurrence time ranged from 2.6 months to 91.6 months after operation, with a median recurrence time of 37.0 (18.2, 52.8) months. Three independent risk factors were found to be associated with recurrence, namely: pathological grade [ HR=3.86, 95% CI(1.75, 8.51)], involvement of vastus intermedius [ HR=3.05, 95% CI(1.53, 6.06)], and involvement of vastus medialis [ HR=3.17, 95% CI(1.56, 6.41)]. The recurrence rate of patients with anterior chamber tumor resection was 35.3%, which was higher than that of patients without tumor resection (16.2%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.020). There was no significant difference in recurrence rate between patients with medial chamber tumor resection and patients without tumor resection ( P>0.05). The recurrence rate of patients with posterior compartment tumor resection was 12.3%, which was lower than that of unresectable patients (37.6%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.002).The postoperative MSTS score of 167 patients averaged 26±3.2 points (9-30 points). After intraoperative resection of part of the femur, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, and rectus femoris, the patient's function was relatively poor [corresponding median MSTS score: 25 (23, 28), 26 (24 28), 26 (24,28), 26(24, 27)]. Conclusion:The risk factors for local recurrence after resection of thigh soft tissue malignant tumors include: pathological grade of the tumor, and whether the vastus intermedius or vastus medialis is involved. Anterior compartment tumors have a higher recurrence rate after surgery. If the tumor involves the above-mentioned anatomical structures, more attention should be paid to the risk of local recurrence after surgery.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 164-171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical method and clinical effect of O-arm navigation mini-open burring for osteoid osteoma.Methods:Eighteen patients with osteoid osteoma were treated with O-arm guided grinding drill from June 2021 to May 2022, including 15 males and 3 females, the age was (18.4 ±10.9) years (range 2 to 44 years), and the course of disease ranged from 1 week to 3 years (mean 14.2 months). The lesions sites included 6 cases of proximal femur, 3 cases of distal femur, 4 cases of proximal tibia, 1 case of distal tibia, 2 cases of proximal fibula and 1 case of distal and proximal humerus. During the operation, the O-arm navigation was used to determine the location of the focus, the muscle and soft tissue was peeled off to the bone surface through a 1-4 cm small incision, the channel retractor was placed, and the burr was registered as a navigation recognition device to gradually remove the bone on the surface of the tumor nest, and the tumor nest was scraped with a curette for pathological examination; according to the navigation image, the focus was enlarged removed with burr and the grinding range was confirmed by the O-arm X-ray machine before the end of the operation. The patients were followed up for 6 to 15 months (mean 9.5 months). CT scans were performed before and after surgery for imaging comparison in order to figure out whether it had residual lesions or recurrence. The visual analogue score (VAS) of pain was used as a parameter for evaluating the clinical efficacy.Results:The operation time of 18 cases was 40-175 min, with an average of 89.3 min. The time required to establish navigation image was 18.0 ±4.1 min (range 13 ~ 22 min). The length of the incision was 2.7±1.1 cm (range 1-4 cm). All patients achieved complete curettage of the lesions, and osteoid osteoma was confirmed by pathology after operation. All the patients could move to the ground 24 hours after operation, and the pain was significantly relieved from 3 to 7 d after operation, and the pain almost disappeared 3 months after operation. The VAS score of 18 cases was 5.33±1.24 before surgery, 2.79±1.32 on the 3rd day, 1.86±1.21 on the 7th day, 0.86±0.93 on the 1st month, 0.33±0.48 on the 3rd month, and 0.09±0.29 on the 6th month after operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=58.50, P<0.001). There were no serious complications during and after operation, and the success rate of treatment (no recurrence of symptoms, no residual recurrence of imaging lesions, no serious complications after operation) was 100%. Conclusion:Treatment of osteoid osteoma with mini-open excision using burrs under the navigation of O-arm is a simple, safe, minimally invasive and efficient technique. Intraoperative precise positioning and the use of burr with navigation to remove a larger area than the tumor nest are the keys to successful treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 154-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993786

ABSTRACT

Objective:We evaluated frailty in elderly hospitalized patients with atrial fibrillation and analyzed the relevance, consistency, and diagnostic power of different frailty tools.Methods:From September 2018 to April 2019, a total of 197 elderly patients with atrial fibrillation aged ≥ 65 years in Beijing Hospital, Chinese PLA General Hospital, and Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital were prospectively enrolled.Five frailty tools, including the clinical frailty scale(CFS), FRAIL scale(FRAIL), Fried frailty phenotype(Fried), Edmonton frail scale(EFS), and comprehensive geriatric assessment-frailty index(CGA-FI), were used for frailty assessment.Results:A total of 197 hospitalized elderly patients with atrial fibrillation were enrolled, with an average age of(77.5±7.1)years old(57.4% male). The prevalence of frailty, according to the five frailty tools, were 25.4%(FRAIL), 27.9%(EFS), 34.5%(Fried), 40.6%(CFS), and 42.6%(CGA-FI), respectively.CFS had a good correlation(correlation coefficient 0.80)and and consistency(Kappa value 0.71, 95% CI 0.61~0.81)with CGA-FI.The combined frailty index was used as the gold standard for frailty diagnosis.The results showed that CFS and CGA-FI had high diagnostic sensitivity(95.9 % and 98.0 %, respectively)and specificity(77.7 % and 75.7 %, respectively). Conclusions:Frailty is common in elderly hospitalized patients with atrial fibrillation, showing multidimensional features, and physical weakness is not prominet.CFS and CGA-FI are recommended for the assessment of frailty in patients with atrial fibrillation, which had good correlation and consistency.

4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 565-571, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986928

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment experiences and prognostic factors for descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 22 patients with DNM diagnosed and treated in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2016 to August 2022, including 16 males and 6 females, aged 29-79 years. After admission, all patients underwent CT scanning of the maxillofacial, cervical, and thoracic regions to confirm their diagnoses. Emergency incision and drainage were performed. The neck incision was treated with continuous vacuum sealing drainage. According to the prognoses, the patients were divided into cure group and death group, and the prognostic factors were analyzed. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the clinical data. Rusults: The main complaints were dysphagia (45.5%, 10/22) and dyspnea (50.0%, 11/22). Odontogenic infection accounted for 45.5% (10/22) and oropharyngeal infection accounted for 54.5% (12/22). There were 16 cases in the cured group and 6 cases in the death group, with a total mortality rate of 27.3%. The mortality rates of DNM typeⅠand typeⅡwere respectively 16.7% and 40%. Compared with the cured group, the death group had higher incidences for diabetes, coronary heart disease and septic shock (all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences between the cure group and the death group in procalcitonin level (50.43 (137.64) ng/ml vs 2.92 (6.33) ng/ml, M(IQR), Z=3.023, P<0.05) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score (16.10±2.40 vs 6.75±3.19, t=6.524, P<0.05). Conclution: DNM is rare, with high mortality, high incidence of septic shock, and the increased procalcitonin level and APACHE Ⅱ score combined diabetes and coronary heart disease are the poor prognostic factors for DNM. Early incision and drainage combined with continuous vacuum sealing drainage technique is a better way to treat DNM.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Mediastinitis/diagnosis , Shock, Septic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Procalcitonin , Prognosis , Drainage/adverse effects , Necrosis/therapy
5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 111-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907041

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. At present, hepatectomy is one of the most frequent therapeutic options, whereas the high postoperative recurrence rate severely affects the long-term survival of HCC patients. Therefore, it is urgent to choose appropriate therapeutic regime to treat the recurrence of HCC to improve the long-term survival of HCC patients. Surgical treatment is an efficacious treatment for recurrent HCC, including re-hepatectomy, salvage liver transplantation and radiofrequency ablation. Currently, individualized treatment is recommended for postoperative recurrence of HCC. The selection of treatment should be conducted based on the tumor conditions after the first hepatectomy, the characteristics of recurrent tumors, baseline data of patients and recurrence time, etc., aiming to formulate appropriate treatment regimes for patients. In this article, these surgical regimes were reviewed and compared to explore appropriate surgical schemes for postoperative recurrence of HCC, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the survival of HCC patients.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 488-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976116

ABSTRACT

@#Objective - ( ) To analyze the occurrence pattern of work related musculoskeletal disorders WMSDs among workers Methods in a shipyard based on latent category model. A total of 446 workers from a shipyard in Guangdong Province were selected as the research subjects using convenience sampling method. The prevalence of WMSDs in the past year was , investigated using China Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the occurrence patterns of WMSDs were analyzed by latent class. Results ( ) The prevalence of WMSDs in the past year was 71.1% 317/446 . The prevalence of WMSDs in single site was 24.4% ( ), ( ) - 109/446 and was 46.6% 208/446 in multiple sites. The prevalence of WMSDs in multiple sites was 3.9 17.3 times higher than that in single site. The fitting results of latent class model showed that the model with three latent classes was the best - ( ), model. The three potential categories of WMSDs occurrence patterns in the study subjects were the all site group 28 patients ( ), ( ), , the neck and lower back/waistgroup 153 patients and the few or no site group 265 patients accounting for 6.3% 34.3% , Conclusion and 59.4% respectively. WMSDs of shipyard workers have obvious category characteristics. Latent class analysis can be used to explore the occurrence pattern of WMSDs in shipyard workers.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 500-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics of dislocation after resection and reconstruction of tumors involving pelvic area II, and to try to propose intraoperative and postoperative techniques to prevent its occurrence.Methods:From March 2011 to March 2021, 122 patients with resection and reconstruction involving pelvic area II were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 17 had postoperative dislocation, 32 had pelvic area II, and 31 had pelvic area I+II. There were 40 cases in the pelvic area II+III, and 19 cases in the pelvic area I+II+III. There were 49 female patients and 73 male patients; the mean age was 47 years (9-73 years). The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score of lower extremity patients after reduction was evaluated, and the clinical characteristics of dislocation, such as dislocation direction, dislocation time and reduction method, were counted and analyzed, and feasible prevention measures were analyzed based on the imaging characteristics after resection and reconstruction. dislocation method.Results:Among the 122 patients, there were 17 cases of dislocation, and the dislocation rate was 13.7%. Among them, 12 cases were anterior dislocation, accounting for 70.6% of anterior dislocation; 5 cases were posterior dislocation, and the proportion of posterior dislocation was 29.4%, difference (χ 2=4.52, P=0.033). There were 12 cases of dislocation within 3 months after operation, accounting for 70.6%; 1 case of dislocation occurred in 5 months after operation, and the other 4 cases of dislocation occurred for more than one year. The MSTS score of the dislocation patients after reduction was 56.1±15.6% (20%-80%). Combined with postoperative imaging examinations, the feasible methods for preventing dislocation include: The anteversion angle of the acetabular cup can be appropriately reduced (0°-10°); The acetabular cup can be appropriately shifted to the rear of the rotation center; Appropriately reducing the anteversion angle of the femoral neck prosthesis, the combination of the three can reduce the occurrence of femoral-acetabular prosthesis impingement; at the same time, the affected limb is controlled in a neutral position with strict nail shoes after surgery to avoid the occurrence of external rotation. Conclusion:The dislocation after tumor resection and reconstruction in pelvic area II is mostly anterior dislocation. Postoperative CT scan of the pelvis shows that the space between the neck of the femoral stem prosthesis and the lower edge of the acetabulum is small, which is prone to impingement. If the anteversion angle of the acetabular cup is appropriately reduced, the acetabular prosthesis is appropriately displaced posteriorly, and the anteversion angle of the femoral neck is reduced by 5°, the possibility of femoral-acetabular impingement can be reduced, thereby reducing the risk of postoperative dislocation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 350-354, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of lengths of intramedullary nails on the treatment efficacy of osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed were the data of patients with osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, China-Japan Friendship Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019. According to the lengths of intramedullary nails, the patients were divided into 2 groups. In the short nail group of 135 cases, there were 38 males and 97 females with an age of (82.2 ± 7.7) years and an intramedullary nail with a length of 170 mm was used. In the long nail group of 32 cases, there were 8 males and 24 females with an age of (81.5±7.1) years and an intramedullary nail longer than 300 mm was used. The amount of intraoperative hemoglobin drop value, operation time, Harris hip score at 6 months after surgery, incidence of complications and mortality were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, indicating comparability between groups ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in intraoperative hemoglobin drop value [(19.8±2.2) g/L versus (20.0±2.1) g/L], Harris hip score (72.0±3.0 versus 71.2±3.6), incidence of complications [3.0% (4/135) versus 6.2 (2/32)] or mortality [14.3% (19/135) versus 15.6% (5/32)] ( P>0.05). The long nail group needed significantly longer operation time than the short nail group [(84.6±5.6) min versus (92.0±7.2) min] ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of osteoporotic unstable intertrochanteric fracture, short and long intramedullary nails show no significant difference in hemoglobin drop value, functional score, complications or mortality, indicating they can both lead to safe and reliable curative efficacy. However, long nails need longer operation time.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1434-1441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Mediterranean diet on blood glucose control and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:As to December 2021, the PubMed, Cochrance Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrance Database, Cochranc Library, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang Medical Network system were searched for clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Mediterranean diet in patients with type 2 diabetes to conduct Meta-analysis The main observation index were cardiovascular risk factors, and the mean difference and its 95% confidence interval were used to estimate the effect size.Results:There were six RCTs, and 1181 patients met the inclusion criteria and entered the Meta-analysis. Compared with the control group, the intervention group can significantly reduce the level of systolic blood pressure ( MD=-1.20, 95% CI-2.21 to -0.19) and diastolic blood pressure ( MD=-4.17, 95% CI-7.12 to -1.22) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, but there were no significant difference in the level of TC ( MD=2.92, 95% CI-0.84 to-6.67), HDL ( MD=2.33, 95% CI-0.27 to -4.92) and LDL ( MD=-2.34, 95% CI-5.67 to -0.99) between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The meta-analysis provided evidence the Mediterranean diet showed the beneficial improvements in blood pressure glycemic control, but the effect of Mediterranean diet on lipid profile was not significant, which needed further verification.

10.
Ultrasonography ; : 610-623, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939262

ABSTRACT

Inguinal hernia is the most prevalent type of abdominal wall hernia. Indirect inguinal hernia is twice as common as direct inguinal hernia. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to evaluate inguinal hernia, but these modalities are greatly limited by their cost and availability. Ultrasonography has emerged as the most convenient imaging tool for diagnosing inguinal hernia due to its advantages, such as portability and absence of radiation. The present pictorial review presents an overview on the use of ultrasonography in the evaluation of inguinal hernia with a particular emphasis on the regional anatomy, relevant scanning tips, identification of subtypes, postoperative follow-up, and diagnosis of pathologies mimicking inguinal hernia.

11.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 78-78, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888612

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Health literacy is a public health goal which can be used as an independent factor of health outcomes. This study aimed to assess the association between health literacy and health status, as well as the two mediating factors of behavior and self-efficacy among residents aged 15-69 years in Qingdao.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional survey was implemented among residents aged 15-69 years (N = 3793) in Qingdao, China. A combination of stratified cluster random and proportional probability sampling methods was used to select subjects for this study. Data were collected using "The Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2019)". We proposed a hypothetical model for the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, health literacy, self-efficacy, health behavior, and health status, and used path analysis to validate the hypothesis.@*RESULTS@#The path analysis showed that higher education (β = 0.293) and income (β = 0.135) are positively and directly associated with greater health literacy, which was positively associated with health status (β = 0.057). Health literacy is a direct influencing factor of health behavior (β = 0.070) and self-efficacy (β = 0.099). Health behavior (β = 0.041) and self-efficacy (β = 0.173) exerted a positive direct effect on health status. The model explained 14.1% of variance for health literacy, 3.8% for self-efficacy, 5.7% for health behavior, and 15.0% for health status.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Health literacy was identified to be a critical factor in health status. The results emphasized that the dissemination of health knowledge, development of healthy behavior, and cultivation of self-efficacy should be jointly promoted to reinforce the level of health status among residents in future work.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Literacy/statistics & numerical data , Health Status
12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1116-1124, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the surgical techniques, surgical indications and early clinical effects of 3D printed hemipelvic prostheses in the reconstruction of pelvic malignant tumors resected by the sacroiliac joint.Methods:From January 2016 to March 2020, a retrospective analysis of 9 patients with malignant tumors involving pelvis I+II or I+II+III region were treated with sacroiliac joint osteotomy and 3D printed pelvic prosthesis reconstruction. There were 7 males and 2 females; their age was 51.1±10.5 years (range 27-66 years). Among them, 5 cases were chondrosarcoma, 1 case was pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma, 2 cases were metastatic renal cell carcinoma, and 1 case was metastatic primitive neuroectodermal tumor. Resection of pelvic area I+II or I+II+III were according to the extent of tumor involvement. During the resection of pelvic I region, osteotomy was done through sacroiliac joint surface, and 3D printed hemipelvic prosthesis that fits the sacral auricular surface was used for reconstruction. Postoperative imaging examination was used to evaluate the acetabular rotation center deviation of the pelvic prosthesis; the International Bone Tumor Society (Musculoskeletal Tumor Society, MSTS) function score was used for functional evaluation; the patient's oncology outcome and postoperative complications were evaluated.Results:All 9 patients successfully completed the operation. The operation time was 3.5-6 hours, with an average of 4.5 hours. The intraoperative blood loss was 800-3 000 ml, with an average of 1 400 ml. 3 patients underwent resection and reconstruction of pelvis I+II area, 4 patients underwent pelvic resection and reconstruction of I+II+III area, 2 patients underwent pelvic I+II+III area combined with proximal femur resection and reconstruction; all patients were followed up. The follow-up time was 6-50 months, with an average of 16 months. At the last follow-up of 9 patients, the MSTS score was 12-26, with an average of 20.2; the postoperative rotation center horizontal displacement distance was 10.67±7.12 mm, and the vertical displacement was 8.56±4.22 mm. One case of metastatic cancer was found to have multiple metastases throughout the body during chemotherapy 3 months after surgery, and died in 7 months after surgery; 1 case of pelvic metastatic renal cell carcinoma developed multiple metastases within one and a half years after surgery, controlled by targeted drugs, and survived with the tumor; the rest seven cases had no recurrence at the surgical site and no distant metastasis was found.Conclusion:The semipelvic prosthesis with 3D printed auricular surface has potential advantages in reconstructing the bone defect of the pelvis I+II or I+II+III area after the sacroiliac joint osteotomy. The short-term efficacy is relatively satisfactory, and the long-term efficacy remains to be further observed.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 543-547, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influence of comprehensive rehabilitation on postoperative functions in the elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:From June 2015 to June 2019, 144 elderly patients were treated at Department of Orthopedics, China-Japan Friendship Hospital for femoral intertrochanteric fractures by internal fixation with proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA). Of them, 65 received comprehensive rehabilitation, including intervention measures for details, prevention and management of comorbidities and complications and active exercise of the injured limb, while 79 conventional rehabilitation. In the comprehensive rehabilitation group, there were 22 males and 43 females with an age of (76.6±6.7) years, and 18 cases of type 31-A1, 35 cases of type 31-A2 and 12 cases of type 31-A3 by the AO type. In the control group, there were 23 males and 56 females with an age of (75.2±7.0) years, and 25 cases of type 31-A1, 39 cases of type 31-A2 and 15 cases of type 31-A3 by the AO type. The 2 groups were compared in terms of visual analog scale (VAS), Harris hip score, Barthel index, postoperative ambulation time and complications at 6 months after operation.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the preoperative or intraoperative general data ( P>0.05). The comprehensive rehabilitation group had a significantly lower VAS score (1.5±1.0), a significantly higher Harris hip score(83.9±5.4), a significantly higher Barthel index (81.6±5.4), significantly shorter postoperative ambulation time [(2.6±1.0) d], and a significantly lower incidence of complications [4.6% (3/65)] than the control group did [1.9±1.2, 80.2±7.9, 78.2±7.9, (3.2±1.4) d, 16.5%(13/79), respectively] (all P< 0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture, comprehensive rehabilitation can significantly reduce complications, promote functional recovery of the hip, and speed up recovery of capabilities of daily living compared with conventional rehabilitation.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 523-528, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923081

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of intervention adherence on the use of respiratory protective equipment(RPE) among migrant workers who occupationally exposed to organic solvents. METHODS: A total of 901 migrant workers from 60 small and medium-sized enterprises exposed to organic solvents in a district of Guangzhou City were selected as study subjects using three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. The enterprises were divided into control group, intervention group, and combined intervention group. Migrant workers in the control group did not receive any intervention, while migrant workers in the intervention group received traditional health education and mobile health(mHealth) intervention, and migrant workers in the combined intervention group received interventions of the intervention group plus peer education. The use of RPE by the migrant workers was evaluated in these three groups in the last week, and at the sixth month. RESULTS: The adherence rates of the three mHealth intervention measures(following the WeChat official account of the project, joining the WeChat/QQ group of the project, and reading the provided messages from project team) in the combined intervention group were higher than that in the intervention group(74.8% vs 53.6%, 70.7% vs 41.8%, 78.5% vs 65.0%, all P<0.01). In the two intervention groups, the adherence rates of traditional health education(attending occupational health training, and browsing public welfare posters) were higher than that of mHealth intervention and/or peer education(all P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that regardless of mHealth intervention, traditional health education or peer education, the high compliance subgroups of the two intervention groups were more likely to wear RPE all the time(all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The intervention effectiveness of the combined intervention group was better than that of the intervention group. CONCLUSION: Improving compliance with occupational health education interventions can promote the use of RPE among migrant workers. The implementation of peer education is beneficial to improve intervention compliance and intervention effect of migrant workers.

15.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 252-256, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921875

ABSTRACT

Computed tomography (CT) examination is the major measure for detecting and diagnosis of foreign bodies in human body. Although CT has high sensitivity in diagnosis of foreign body, some interference factors may still lead to missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Here we report a rare case that a bamboo stick accidentally pierced into the left chest of a young man who was drunk and unware of this hurt. The patient experienced cough, chest pain, fever, hemoptysis, and was misdiagnosed as primary and secondary tuberculosis based on chest CT examinations at a local hospital, although no tubercular bacillus detected by sputum smear. He subsequently received anti-tuberculous treatments in the following three years, but no improvement of his symptoms was observed. Until one month before his death, the bamboo stick was detected by spiral CT examination as well as three-dimensional image reconstruction at another hospital. Postmortem examination revealed pneumonia, pulmonary infarction, and abscess as the causes of his death. We analyze the potential reasons of misdiagnosis in this case, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary inflammation associated with foreign body in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abscess , Diagnostic Errors , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Infarction , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 280-284, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942425

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of the study is to analyze the effects of vestibular spontaneous nystagmus(SN) on the smooth pursuit function of visual ocularmotor system. Methods: A total of 46 patients with acute unilateral peripheral vestibular syndrome with SN (26 cases of vestibular neuritis, 6 cases of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (RHS) with vertigo, 14 cases of sudden deafness with vertigo) were included in this work. In the study group, the results of SPT and SN test with videonystagmography(VNG) were also reviewed. Taking SPT parameters, the influence of SN intensity on SPT gain, asymmetry and waveform and their correlation were analyzed.SPSS19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Among the 46 patients, there were 36 cases of SN pointing to the healthy side(SN intensity range of 2.68°/s-32.53°/s), and 10 cases of SN pointing to the affected side (SN intensity range of 2.66°/s-16.54°/s). SN intensity was divided into 3 groups, including light(0.50°/s-5.00°/s), medium(5.01°/s-10.00°/s) and strong(>10.01°/s), accounting for 14 cases(30.4%), 18 cases(39.1%) and 14 cases(30.4%), respectively. The differences of the gain of SPT to the fast phase and slow phase direction in the overall groups and light, medium and strong groups of SN intensity respectively were statistically significant(ttotal=13.338, tlight=6.184, tmedium=8.436, tstrong=8.477, all of P<0.001). The difference of SPT gain in SN fast phase direction between groups with different SN intensity was statistically significant(F=9.639, P<0.001),there was no statistically significant difference in SPT gain between the groups on the SN slow phase direction(F=1.137, P=0.330).The SN intensity significantly negatively correlated with the SPT gain of the fast phase direction of SN (r=-0.433, P=0.003), that was, the SPT gain on the fast phase direction of SN decreased with the increase of SN intensity. There was no significant correlation between SN intensity and the gain of SPT on the slow phase direction of SN (r=-0.061, P=0.687). SPT waveform analysis showed that type I, type II and type III accounted for 8 cases(17.4%), 21 cases(45.6%) and 17 cases(37.0%), respectively. The corresponding mean values of SN intensity were (3.71±0.69)°/s, (7.44±1.88)°/s, (20.04±5.53)°/s, respectively, without type IV wave. The intensity of SN was positively correlated with the asymmetric value of the gain of SPT left and right(r=0.450,P=0.002). That was, with the increase of SN strength, the asymmetric value also increased, and the worse the asymmetry of the gain of SPT left and right pursuit was, the worse the SPT waveform was. Conclusion: SPT gain, asymmetry and SPT waveforms are all affected by SN, and the greater the intensity of SN, the greater the influence on the three. When SN is strong, type III waves may occur, suggesting that acute peripheral vestibular syndrome can also affect the visual ocularmotor systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nystagmus, Pathologic , Pursuit, Smooth , Vertigo , Vestibular Diseases , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Neuronitis
17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811516

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of NCP. Based on the needs of orthopedic trauma patients for emergency surgery and review of the latest NCP diagnosis and treatment strategy and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of NCP and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 628-631, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the incidence and morphology of the posterolateral fracture fragment affecting the fibular notch in posterior pilon fracture.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the CT and clinical data of the 31 patients with posterior pilon fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedic, China-Japan Friendship Hospital from May 2013 to May 2018. They were 17 men and 14 women, aged from 20 to 68 years (average, 42 years). The injury affected the left side in 13 cases and the right side in 18 ones. The incidence of the posterolateral fracture fragments affecting the fibular notch was counted. The morphologic indexes of the fragments were measured like axial angle of their fracture line, fragment area, fragment height, and sagittal angle of their fracture line.Results:A posterolateral fracture fragment affecting the fibular notch was found in all the 31 posterior pilon fractures, giving an incidence of 100% in the posterior pilon fracture. The fracture line of the fragments tended to be in the coronal plane. The axial angle of the fracture line was 20.25°±9.48°; the ratio of the fragment area to the distal tibial articular area was 15.78%±6.75%; the fragment height was 36.59 mm ± 10.70 mm; the sagittal angle of the fracture line was 18.37°±5.45°.Conclusions:A posterolateral fracture fragment affecting the fibular notch can be found in all the posterior pilon fractures. It does not affect a large articular area and its fracture line is usually located in the coronal plane. These data may help choose appropriate surgical approach and internal fixation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867685

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of COVID-19. Based on the needs of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients and review of the latest diagnosis and treatment strategy of COVID-19 and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of COVID-19 and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

20.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 250-254, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during cardiac surgery, and to determine the relationship between preoperative biochemical examination and intraoperative CPB time and the incidence of AKI.Methods:From October 2017 to October 2018, the clinical data of cardiopulmonary bypass patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.Logistic regression was used to analyze the influence of patients′ basic diseases, preoperative biochemical examination and cardiopulmonary bypass time on postoperative AKI.At the same time, the changes of serum creatinine in patients with AKI 7 days after operation were analyzed to provide help for the early diagnosis of AKI after operation.Results:A total of 370 patients with cardiopulmonary bypass were included.Logistic regression analysis results: diabetes basic history( OR=5.226, 95% CI: 1.084-25.191, P=0.039), the increase of age ( OR=1.041, 95% CI: 1.018-1.065, P<0.001), BMI ( OR=1.127, 95% CI: 1.043-1.218, P=0.003), urea nitrogen ( OR=1.211, 95% CI: 1.077-1.360, P=0.001), and CPB time ( OR=1.013, 95% CI: 1.006-1.020, P<0.001) were the risk factors of postoperative AKI in patients with cardiopulmonary bypass.The detection rate of AKI was 4.19%(9/215), 51.63%(111/215), 87.91%(189/215), 97.67%(210/215), 99.07%(213/215), 100%(215/215) and 100%(215/215) on the first day, the third day, the fourth day, the fifth day, the seventh day, respectively. Conclusion:Diabetes history, age, BMI, Urea nitrogen and CPB times are risk factors of AKI patients after CPB.In order to reduce the rate of misdiagnosis, creatinine should be detected for at least 4 consecutive days in clinical observation of post-operative serum creatinine.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL