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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 500-506, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922917

ABSTRACT

The water-soluble polypeptide drug oxytocin was encapsulated in liposomes by reverse-phase evaporation vesicle method to obtain oxytocin loaded liposomes (OT@LPs) which was further modified with cationic cell penetrating peptide—arginine octamer (R8) to get R8 modified oxytocin loaded liposomes (OT@LPs-R8) which showed enhanced mucoadhesive. The brain targeting efficiency was evaluated preliminarily after nasal administration. OT@LPs-R8 showed a round shape with a particle size distribution of 110.2 ± 7.3 nm, a surface potential as high as +18 mV, a drug loading (62.17 ± 1.88) %, an encapsulation rate (5.85 ± 0.72) %, and stood stable in nasal mucus. After nasal administration, it could significantly prolong the retention and enhance the distribution in the brain with no irritation to the nasal mucosa. The animal experiment in line with the regulations of the Department of Laboratory Animal Science of Fudan University on the ethics of animal experiments had been carried out after passing the review of the Animal Ethics Committee of Fudan University. The results showed nasal administration of OT@LPs-R8 could promote oxytocin directly into the brain from the nose which expected to become a new carrier for delivery of oxytocin to the brain.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 670-680, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922882

ABSTRACT

The mucous barrier is a major physiological obstacle that the mucosal drug delivery system needs to deal with. In response to this physiological barrier, many achievements have been made in research of mucosal adhesion and mucus penetration. This review puts emphasis on the progress of the research on new mucosal adhesion strategies such as cationization, sulfhydrylization, maleimide functionalization, lectinization and catechol conjugation; polyethylene glycol (PEG), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), poly (2-alkyl-2-oxazoline) (POZ), zwitterionic polymers and other mucus-inert materials, strategies to enhance mucus penetration ability such as enzyme functionalization, reducing agent pretreatment and so on. The problems of each strategy are also analyzed and discussed, which can provide some references for clinical transformation.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922353

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To retrospectively analyze the clinical outcomes of meniscus repair with simultaneous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and explore the causes of failure of meniscus repair.@*METHODS@#From May 2013 to July 2018, the clinical data of 165 patients who were treated with meniscus surgery and simultaneous ACL reconstruction, including 69 cases of meniscus repair (repair group) and 96 cases of partial meniscectomy (partial meniscectomy group) were retrospectively analyzed. The exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) ACL rupture associated with fracture, collateral ligament injury, or complex ligament injury; (2) a history of knee surgery; or (3) a significant degree of osteoarthritis. The 69 patients in the repair group were divided into the non-failure group (62 cases) and the failure group (7 cases) depending on the repair effect. Postoperative outcomes of the repair group and the partial meniscectomy group were compared. General conditions and postoperative outcomes of the failure group and the non-failure group were compared. During the median follow-up period of 28 months (range, 4 - 65 months) after the second arthroscopy, postoperative outcomes of seven patients in the failure group were summarized. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. A p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Seven patients in the failure group who underwent the second arthroscopy were followed up for (30 ± 17.4) months and their postoperative outcomes were summarized. Compared with the partial meniscectomy group, the International Knee Documentation Committee scores of patients in the repair group improved significantly (p = 0.031). Compared with the non-failure group, more patients in the failure group were younger than 24 years (p = 0.030). The median follow-up period was 39.5 months. All patients recovered well after subsequent partial meniscectomy and relieved clinical symptoms. Visual analog scale scores decreased significantly (p = 0.026), and the International Knee Documentation Committee and Lysholm scores improved significantly (p = 0.046 for both).@*CONCLUSION@#The failure rate of meniscus repair in this study was 10.1% (7/69), all of which were medial meniscus tears. However, the surgical outcomes of ACL reconstruction were not affected, and there might be a role for graft protection. Therefore, meniscus retears can be successful treated by performing subsequent partial meniscectomy in patients with repair failure.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Meniscus , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879449

ABSTRACT

In the process of repairing of bone defects, bone scaffold materials need to be implanted to restore the corresponding tissue structure at the injury. At present, the repair materials used for bone defects mainly include autogenous bone, allogeneic bone, metal materials, bioceramics, polymer materials and various composite materials. Different materials have demonstrated strong reconstruction ability in bone repair, but the ideal bone implants in the clinic are still yet to be established. Except for autogenous bone, other materials used in bone defect repair are unable to perfectly balance biocompatibility, bone formation, bone conduction and osteoinduction. Combining the latest advances in materials sciences and clinical application, we believe that composite materials supplementedwith Chinese medicine, tissue cells, cytokines, trace elements, etc. and manufactured using advanced technologies such as additive manufacturing technology may have ideal bone repair performance, and may have profound significance in clinical repair of bone defects of special type. This article reviewed to the domestic and foreign literature in recent years, and elaborates the current status of bone defect repair materials in clinical application and basic research in regard to the advantages, clinical options, shortcomings, and how to improve the autogenous bone, allogeneic bone and artificial bone materials, in order to provide a theoretical basis for clinical management of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Substitutes , Bone and Bones , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 823-834, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881171

ABSTRACT

The combination of chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy provides a promising approach for enhanced tumor eradication by overcoming the limitations of each individual therapeutic modality. However, tumor is pathologically featured with extreme hypoxia together with the adaptable overexpression of anti-oxidants, such as glutathione (GSH), which greatly restricts the therapeutic efficiency. Here, a combinatorial strategy was designed to simultaneously relieve tumor hypoxia by self-oxygenation and reduce intracellular GSH level to sensitize chemo-photodynamic therapy. In our system, a novel multi-functional nanosystem based on MnO

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of Tuina (Chinese therapeutic massage) manipulation for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy (AH). Methods: A total of 60 children with AH were randomized into an observation group and a medication group, with 30 cases in each group. The observation group was treated with pediatric Tuina treatment, and the medication group was treated with 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray. The changes of main clinical symptom score, quality of life (QOL) score and X-ray nasopharynx lateral film were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.0%, and that of the medication group was 66.7%. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the A/N value [ratio of adenoid thickness (A) and nasopharyngeal cavity width (N)] of posterior nasopharyngeal lateral film did not show significant change in either group (P>0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptom scores in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), but there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the QOL scores of children in both groups decreased, and the intra-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.001), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: Tuina manipulation is effective in treating pediatric AH, and produces a better effect in improving traditional Chinese medicine symptoms and QOL than 0.05% mometasone furoate nasal spray.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-2 (NOD2) in dorsal root ganglion in the development of neuropathic pain (NP) in rats.Methods:Thirty-two adult male SPF Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 240-260 g, aged 2-3 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), NP group (group S), negative control siRAN group (group N), and NOD2-siRNA group (group R). In N and R groups, 1×10 8 IFU/ml negative control siRNA and NOD2-siRNA 10 μl were intrathecally injected, respectively, once a day for 3 consecutive days.Normal saline 10 μl was intrathecally injected once a day for 3 consecutive days in C and S groups.The model of NP was established using spared nerve injury (SNI) at 2 weeks after intrathecal injection.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 1 day before surgery and 1, 3, 7, 10, 14 and 28 days after SNI.Animals were sacrificed after measuring pain threshold on day 28, and the dorsal root ganglions (DRGs) of the lumbar segment (L 4-6) were removed for determination of the expression of NOD2 (by Western blot) and expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), IL-6 and NOD2 mRNA (using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). Results:Compared with group C, MWT was significantly decreased at each time point after SNI, and the expression of NOD2 protein and mRNA and TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in DRGs was up-regulated in group NP ( P<0.01). Compared with group NP, MWT was significantly increased at each time point after SNI, and the expression of NOD2 protein and mRNA and TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 mRNA in DRGs was down-regulated in group R ( P<0.01), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group N ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism underlying the development of NP may be related to the up-regulation of NOD2 expression in DRGs, thus further promoting the expression of pro-inflammatory factors in rats.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 890-895, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feasibility and effectiveness of 3D visualization and mixed reality technique in the partial nephrectomy of renal tumor, and to evaluate its role in the communication between doctors and patients.Methods:82 patients with renal tumors confirmed by imaging examination including 33 patients in our hospital and 49 patients admitted to the Beijing Cancer Hospital from June 2018 to December 2020, all of whom were single tumors without local or distant metastasis, and in line with the indications of endoscopic partial nephrectomy, but without other systemic serious diseases. These patients were randomly divided into observation group (n=41) and control group (n=41). Both groups were scanned with 64-slice spiral CT before operation, while the CT images in the observation group were generated by DICOM data, modeled by three-dimensional reconstruction software and uploaded to mixed reality glasses for the preoperative planning, doctor-patient communication and intraoperative guidance. In this study, 82 patients underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Questionnaires and scales were used to compare the awareness of disease and/or satisfaction with 3D visual images between the two groups. The intraoperative time of tumor detection, operative time, renal heat ischemia time and intraoperative blood loss in 2 groups were recorded to evaluate preoperative planning and intraoperative guidance. In addition, the recovery time of gastrointestinal function, indwelling time of urinary catheter, indwelling time of drainage tube in operation area, length of hospital stays after surgery and pathological type, as well as serum creatinine level and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) value in patients at 6 months after operation were used to evaluate the postoperative recovery.Results:Before surgery, the concentrations of serum creatinine in patients with the observation group and control group were (66.8±17.5) μmol/L and (70.5±13.7) μmol/L, and the GFR were (40.8±7.6) ml/min and (38.9±6.8) ml/min, respectively. All the 82 cases were operated successfully. The number of correct responses of patients in the observation group and control group about basic kidney physiology, kidney anatomy and surgical plan was (5 vs.4), (2 vs.1), (7 vs.4), the difference among which was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the observation group, the points of patients in understanding their own kidney, disease, specific surgical plan, and risk of surgical complications were 9.5±1.61, 9.3±0.84, 9.7±0.53, and 8.5±2.21 respectively. The tumor detection time was (35.2±5.6) min, the operation time was (100.2±20.1) min, and the renal warm ischemia time was (22.7±8.6) min in the observation group, which was significantly shorter than that in the control group (43.2±6.7) min, (123.2±23.50) min, (33.2±7.8) min. However, there was no significant difference in the amount of bleeding (103.2±22.8 ml vs.112.5±19.5 ml), postoperative recovery time of gastrointestinal function (1.7±0.8 d vs.1.8±1.2 d), indwelling time of urinary catheter (3.9±1.6 d vs.4.2±1.0 d), indwelling time of drainage tube in operation area (4.6±1.3 d vs.4.9±1.7 d), length of hospital stays (6.9±1.5 d vs.7.2±1.3 d), pathological type, and the changes of serum creatinine (10.1±19.0 vs.9.6±11.3) and the amplitude of GRF (19.4±9.5 vs.18.5±10.7) fluctuation in the affected side 6 months after operation (19.4±9.5 vs.18.5±10.7) ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of 3D visualization and mixed reality technology in preoperative planning and intraoperative guidance of partial nephrectomy could improve patients' cognitive understanding of renal anatomy, tumor characteristics and surgical operation, and make doctor-patient communication smoother. It can reduce the risk of surgery to a certain extent, reduce the renal heat ischemia and the operation time, and remove the tumor more accurately.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study combined adjuvant transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) with anti-tumor drug treatment on early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence in patients with microvascular invasion (MVI) after partial hepatectomy with curative intent.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 169 patients with HCC who underwent partial hepatectomy with curative intent from January 2015 to December 2018 at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were retrospectively analyzed. MVI was diagnosed by postoperative histopathology. There were 147 males and 22 females, with the median age 56 years(ranged 32-79 years). The patients were divided into surgery group ( n=62, patients who did not receive adjuvant therapy), TACE group ( n=42, patients who only received TACE) and combined group ( n=65, patients who received TACE with anti-tumor drug) according to the therapies after resection. Patients in each group were further divided into grade M1 (mild) and grade M2 (severe) subgroups according to the severity of MVI. All patients were followed-up for observing tumor recurrence. The relapse-free survival in the three groups were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used to compare the tumor-free survival rates. Results:The tumor-free survival rates of 169 patients at 1 and 2 years after operation were 59.2% and 40.8%. The tumor-free survival rates at 1 and 2 years after operation were 45.2% and 25.8% in surgery group, 61.9% and 40.5% in TACE group, 70.8% and 52.3% in combined group respectively. The differences among the three groups were significant: TACE group was better than surgery group, and combined group was better than TACE group, combined group was better than surgery group (all P<0.05). In TACE group and combined group, tumor-free survival rates of M1patients better than M2 patients, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). Among M1 patients and M2 patients, tumor-free survival rates of combined group patients were better than surgery group and TACE group, the difference was significant (all P<0.05). The cumulative tumor-free survival rate was not significantly affected by different antineoplastic agents. Conclusion:Adjuvant TACE reduced the early recurrence rate of HCC patients with MVI. Adjuvant TACE combined with anti-tumor drug further reduced early tumor recurrence.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 861-865, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909113

ABSTRACT

Based on the general goal of the medium and long term development of basic science from 2021 to 2035 and the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, combined with the national strategic needs, this paper discusses the five priority development areas of endemiology according to the development trends and characteristics of endemiology in the next 5 - 15 years. The five areas are study on the pathogenesis and prevention measures of endemic fluorosis; study on risk assessment, pathogenic mechanism and control strategy of environmental arsenic exposure; research on the basis and application transformation of the pathogenesis of iodine nutrition-related diseases; molecular mechanism and targeted intervention of cartilage injury in Kashin-Beck disease; precise prevention and treatment, preservation of biological samples and etiology study of Keshan disease. Combined with the scientific significance and national strategic needs of various field, the authors analyze its main study directions and core scientific issues.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 517-523, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909044

ABSTRACT

According to the general goal of long term development of basic science from 2021 to 2035 and the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, starting from the reasearch characteristics and the basic situation of endemiology, this study discusses the strategic position, development law, development trend, development status and layout, development goals and realization ways of endemiology, combined with the strategic needs of the discipline, the important interdisciplinary research areas of endemiology are put forward. The purpose of this study is to promote the rapid development of basic research on endemic diseases, to provide reference for the scientific and technological layout and policy formulation of the endemiology, to provide reference for the "14th Five-Year Plan" in China, and to provide guarantee for the people in the sick area to seek health.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909019

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the distinctions between different educational levels: stability of learning state, views on and demand for online courses, and further investigate the influencing factors.Methods:A self-designed questionnaire with good reliability and validity was conducted, and all the students in a military medical university were selected by cluster sampling method, and the data were collected by issuing a network questionnaire. SPSS 26.0 was used for data processing.Results:Undergraduates were different from graduates and doctoral students in stability of learning state, the period of home study: doctoral students (2.41±1.30) h < graduates (2.10±1.17) h and undergraduates (2.15±0.99) h; the frequency of using online courses: undergraduates (4.18±1.10) times > graduates (3.29±1.16) times and doctoral students (3.29±0.98) times. In terms of views on online courses, necessity: undergraduates (4.14± 1.01) > graduates (3.93±1.05) and doctoral students (3.78±1.03); familiarity: undergraduates (3.42 ± 0.91) > graduates (3.27±0.97); adaptability: undergraduates (3.79±0.91) > graduates (3.58±0.94) and doctoral students (3.63±0.97); likability: undergraduates (3.36±1.04) > undergraduates (3.25±0.96) and doctoral students (3.17 ± 1.01); teaching effect: undergraduates (2.80±1.04) > graduates (2.67±1.01) and doctoral students (2.61±1.03). In terms of demand for online courses, ideal number: undergraduates (2.52±1.27) > graduates (2.11±1.21) and doctoral students (2.01±1.25); class style: undergraduates (1.77±0.94) > graduates (2.00±0.92) and doctoral students (2.04±1.83). There were statistically significant differences between undergraduates and postgraduates in all dimensions ( P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusion:Undergraduates may be more susceptible to academic environment than graduates and doctoral students, showing that the learning stability of undergraduates is the relatively the worst. Undergraduates most recognize online courses, and different educational levels have different demands for online courses.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis of liver transplantation (LT) elderly recipients and analyze the influencing factors for prognosis.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 400 LT recipients who were admitted to three medical centers from January 2015 to June 2020 were collected, including 368 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 17 cases in the Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine and 15 cases in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. There were 297 males and 103 females, aged from 22 to 75 years, with a median age of 60 years. Of the 400 LT recipients,200 cases aged ≥60 years were divided into elderly recipients (ER) group and 200 cases aged <60 years were divided into non-elderly recipients (NER) group. Reci-pients underwent orthotopic LT or modified piggyback LT. Observation indicators: (1) survival of recipients and grafts for two groups; (2) influencing factors for death of LT recipients; (3) stratification analysis of ER group. Follow-up using the outpatient examination and telephone interview was conducted to detect survival and prognosis of patients up to May 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates and draw survival curves. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. COX regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:(1) Survival of recipients and grafts for two groups: 400 recipients were followed up for 1 day to 71.7 months, with a median follow-up time of 16.3 months. Survival analysis showed that the 1-, 3-year overall survival rates and 1-, 3-year graft survival rates for ER group were 72.70%, 60.66% and 72.70%, 59.64%, respectively, versus 78.84%, 75.48% and 78.84%, 74.22% for NER group, showing significant differences in the overall survival and graft survival between the two groups ( χ2=5.712, 5.681, P<0.05). (2) Influencing factors for death of LT recipients: results of univariate analysis showed that age, score of model for end stage liver disease, Child-Pugh score, cold ischemia time(CIT) of liver donor, hypertension, blood type of recipients and donors, volume of intraoperative blood loss, volume of intraoperative red blood cell transfusion, volume of intraoperative plasma transfusion, volume of intraoperative crystalloid fluid transfusion, the maximum alanine aminotransferase within postoperative 7 days, the maximum aspartate aminotransferase within postoperative 7 days, total bilirubin were related factors for death of LT recipients ( odds ratio=1.026, 1.022, 1.084, 1.070, 1.701, 2.728, 1.000, 1.056, 1.089, 1.000, 1.000, 1.000, 1.003, 95% confidence interval as 1.006-1.045, 1.005-1.040, 1.060-1.170, 1.011-1.132, 1.133-2.554, 1.701-4.374, 1.000-1.001, 1.031-1.082, 1.039-1.142, 1.000-1.003, 1.001-1.004, 1.000-1.002, 1.001-1.004, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that age, blood type of recipients and donors, the maximum aspartate aminotransferase within postoperative 7 days, total bilirubin were independent influencing factors for death of LT recipients ( odds ratio=1.022, 2.761, 1.000, 1.007, 95% confidence interval as 1.001-1.044, 1.612-4.727, 1.000-1.001, 1.002-1.012, P<0.05). (3) Stratification analysis of ER group: ① of 200 recipients in ER group, cases with 0 hour≤CIT≤8 hours, 8 hours<CIT≤12 hours, CIT>12 hours were 96, 73, 31 ,respectively. The 1-year overall survival rates for above recipients were 77.46%, 73.33%, 54.07%, and the 3-year overall survival rates were 62.67%, 65.05%, 41.30%. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between the three groups ( χ2=6.708, P<0.05). ② Of 200 recipients in ER group,182 cases were ABO compatible and 18 were ABO incompatible. The 1-year overall survival rates for above recipients were 77.32%, 27.78%, and the 3-year overall survival rates were 64.63%, 22.22%. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2=23.165, P<0.05). Conclusions:The overall survival of ER is inferior to NER. Age, blood type of recipients and donors, the maximum aspartate aminotransferase within postoperative 7 days, total bilirubin are indepen-dent influencing factors for death of LT recipients. Controlling CIT within 12 hours and avoiding ABO incompatible-liver transplantation can significantly improve the prognosis of ER.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of mind map based nursing mode on psychological status and prognosis of patients undergoing thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy.Methods:A total of 116 patients who underwent thoracoscopic laparoscopic esophageal cancer resection in Sanya People′s Hospital, Hainan Province from November 2017 to October 2019 were selected. According to the admission time, all patients were divided into control group and observation group, with 58 cases in each group. The patients in the control group used conventional nursing strategies, and the observation group used the method of relying on mind mapping on the basis of conventional strategies to assist nursing intervention. The negative emotions and coping styles of the two groups at admission and discharge, as well as the ICU re-occupancy rate, unplanned extubation rate, and satisfaction with nursing intervention between the two groups were compared.Results:At admission, there was no significant difference in Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale(SDS) scores between the two groups ( P>0.05). At discharge, the SAS and SDS scores of the observation group were 38.99±5.07 and 37.25±5.59, 43.25±6.49 and 41.26±4.54. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t values were 3.939, 4.241, all P<0.01). At admission, there was no statistically significant difference in the scores of facing, yielding, and avoiding between the two groups ( P>0.05). At discharge, the scores of face, yield, and avoidance of the observation group were 15.47±1.86, 8.92±1.16, 9.05±1.18, and the control group were 13.32±1.60, 11.11±1.56, 12.03±1.56, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t values were -6.674, 8.579, 11.603, all P<0.01). The ICU re-occupancy rate and unplanned extubation rate were 1.72% (1/58) and 3.45% (2/58) in the observation group, and 13.79% (8/58) and 15.52% (9/58) in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 4.336, 4.921, all P<0.05). The observation group ′s satisfaction with nursing intervention, communication ability, professional knowledge, and disease mastery scores were 6.81±1.95, 7.02±2.01, 8.12±1.23, and the control group were 5.35±2.11, 5.71±1.87, 6.21±0.99, the differences were statistically significant ( t values were -3.870, -3.634, -9.213, all P<0.001). Conclusions:For patients undergoing thoracic laparoscopic esophageal cancer resection, the use of mind-mapping-based nursing intervention is beneficial to improve the patient ′s psychological condition, prognosis and nursing satisfaction.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the fingerprint of Baoyuantang substance benchmark, and to analyze and identify the common peaks. Method:A total of 15 batches of Baoyuantang substance benchmark were prepared, ultra performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector method (UPLC-PDA) was used to establish the fingerprint of the substance benchmark, and the methodology was developed. The chromatographic conditions were as follows:ACQUITY UPLC BEH Shield C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase of 0.05% formic acid solution (A) and 0.05% formic acid acetonitrile solution ( B) for gradient elution (0-0.5 min, 5%-19%B; 0.5-6 min, 19%B; 6-10 min, 19%-27%B; 10-20 min, 27%-45%B; 20-20.1 min, 45%-95%B; 20.1-23 min, 95%B), the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature of 30 ℃, the detection wavelength at 203 nm and 260 nm, and the injection volume of 2 μL. Similarity evaluation system of traditional Chinese medicine fingerprint (2012 edition) was used to establish the fingerprint and generate the control fingerprint. The chemical constituents of Baoyuantang substance benchmark were identified by comparison of standard substances and UPLC-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) with full information tandem mass spectrometry (MS<sup>E</sup>) and scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-1 200. Result:The similarities of 15 batches of Baoyuantang substance benchmark were above 0.90 by comparing with the control fingerprint. There were 37 common peaks, 22 of which were identified through UPLC-ESI-MS/MS, including liquiritin, violanthin, ginsenoside Rg<sub>1</sub>, ginsenoside Rb<sub>1</sub>, ginsenoside Re and so on. These components were all from Astragali Radix, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Conclusion:This method is accurate, stable and reliable, which will basically reflect the overall chemical composition characteristics of Baoyuantang, and it provides experimental basis for development of the granules of this famous classical formulas.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888153

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the active components and molecular mechanism of Shenmai Injection in the treatment of atrial fibrillation(AF) based on the application of network pharmacology and molecular docking technology. The chemical components of single herbs of Shenmai Injection were collected from TCMSP and TCMID, with the standard chemical name and PubChem CID(referred to as CID) obtained from PubChem database. The active components were screened using SwissADME, and their targets were predicted using SwissTargetPrediction. Targets related to AF treatment were identified using GeneCards, OMIM, and other databases. Venn diagram was constructed using Venny 2.1 to obtain the intersection targets. The single herb-active component-potential target network was constructed using Cytoscape, and the clusterProfiler R function package was used to perform the gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network of intersection targets was generated based on the STRING database. The hub target protein was identified by visualization using Cytoscape, and then docked to its reverse-selected active components. The analysis showed that there were 65 active components with 681 corresponding targets in Shenmai Injection, 2 798 targets related to AF treatment, and 235 intersection targets involving 2 549 GO functions and 153 KEGG pathways. Finally, hub target proteins, including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha(PIK3 CA), and estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), were screened out by PPI network visualization. The molecular docking was performed for 39 active components screened out in reverse, among which 30 active components de-monstrated high affinity. Among them, homoisoflavanoids CID 10871974, CID 5319742, and CID 10361149 had stronger affinity docking with AKT1. This study preliminarily indicates that Shenmai Injection treats AF through multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. Homoisoflavonoids of Ophiopogon japonicus are its important active components, which target AKT1 to regulate metabolism, inflammation, and apoptosis in AF treatment.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886815

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy of body mass index (BMI) as the evaluation standard for obesity in Miao adults in Guangxi, to find out the BMI cutoff value suitable for the evaluation standard of adult obesity, and to provide an accurate and reliable reference value for the prevention and treatment of obesity in Miao nationality adults. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, residents aged 18 years or older in the Miao villages in Rongshui Miao Autonomous County, Guangxi, were selected as the research subjects, and their body composition was measured. The percent body fat (PBF) standard was used as the “gold standard” for obesity, and the BMI standard for obesity in Chinese adults was used as the positive screening standard. The accuracy of the BMI standard was evaluated, and the ROC curve analysis was used to determine the optimal BMI cutoff value for obesity in Miao adults. Results The detection rate of obesity of Miao adults in Guangxi by BMI method was lower than that by PBF method (10.3% vs 19.0%, χ2=426.62, P“gold standard”, BMI had a good diagnostic performance for obesity in Miao adults (AUC=0.959, P2 and 25.55 kg/m2 for men and women, respectively. Conclusion BMI is of great value for the diagnosis of obesity in Miao adults, but it should not be used as an exclusion criterion for obesity. Especially in the case of a small sample size, the risk of misclassification bias is relatively high.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide microsurgical anatomy data in the course, branch, distribution, arterial network profile of the submental artery and the range of the flap excision in submental flap transplantation.Methods:From March, 2015 to March, 2020, a total of 36 head and neck cast specimens were studied. Acrylic-butadience-styrene plastic (ABS) filler were perfused into the external carotid artery to make cast specimens. The course, branching, distribution and the arterial framework of the submental artery under a surgical microscope were investigated.Results:The submental artery originated from the facial artery before reaching the lower edge of the mandible (1.50±0.50) cm, with a diameter of (1.50±0.85) (0.6-2.3) mm. The main trunk of submental artery was (5.5±0.5) cm in length, which ran forward along the lower edge of the mandible and branched out (9.0±3.0) (7-13) branches with diameters between 0.1-0.5 mm, and mainly distributed to skin and superficial fascia of the submental area. The main trunk of submental artery divided into ascending, horizontal and descending branches about 3.0 cm of the midline of the mandible. The ascending branch went upwards over the lower edge of the mandible and joined up with the lower labial arch or participated in the formation of the lower labial arch; the horizontal branch divided into several branches and joined up with the branches from the opposite side; the descending branch branched posteriorly and inferiorly, joined up with branches of lingual artery and superior thyroid artery. The branches of the submental artery and the branches of the peripheral arteries were joined up in the submental area to form the submental artery network. The diameter of the vessels in the network ranged 0.1-0.2 mm. The arterial network was built in the form of 1 to 3 layers, and the area of main network was about 7.0 cm×5.0 cm.Conclusion:The submental artery has a long trunk, many branches and abundant anastomoses between the branches, forming a dense submental artery network, which provides sufficient pedicle length, rich blood supply and cutting area for submental flap. The flap can be transplanted free or transposed. The best location of submental flap is near the midline of arterial network, and the appropriate area is 7.0 cm×5.0 cm.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885320

ABSTRACT

Objective ::To investigate the role of trehalose in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury and its underlying mechanisms.Methods:C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into no-ischemia group, ischemia-reperfusion group, trehalose-treated group and normal saline control group. After ischemia for 90 minutes, reperfusion immediately or 6h, blood and liver tissues were collected, and serum was separated. The liver function parameters of ALT, AST, the inflammatory factors of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-2, and the pathological changes of liver were detected to study the role of trehalose during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. Hypoxia-reoxygenation cell model was established by AML12 mouse hepatocyte line, and divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group was divided into low dose group and high dose group according to the concentration of trehalose administrated. And the control group had no use of trehalose. The level of apoptosis was measured to study the effect of trehalose on apoptosis induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury with flow cytometry. Western blot was utilized for detecting the levels of Caspase-3, Cleaved Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 protein to understand the molecular mechanisms of trehalose in apoptosis during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.Results:In vivo animal experiments showed that liver function and such inflammatory factors as ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-2 increased in ischemia-reperfusion group after hepatic ischemia-reperfusion ( P<0.05), and liver tissue became necrotic. After a treatment of trehalose, the levels of ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-2 were lower than those of normalsaline control group and the area of liver tissue necrosis also decreased ( P<0.05). In vitro cell experiments showed that the apoptosis level of hepatocytes in the experimental group decreased compared with the control group.And the level of activated pro-apoptotic protein Cleaved Caspase-3 decreased, the level of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased. Conclusions:Trehalose has protective effects on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo and in vitro. The mechanism may be involved in inhibiting inflammation induced by hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, suppressing the activation of Caspase-3 and promoting the expression of Bcl-2, thus played a protective role by extenuation of hepatocyteapoptosis.

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